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tv   Listening Post  Al Jazeera  May 11, 2015 4:30pm-5:01pm EDT

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aljazeera.com/come pass. talk to us on twitter at ajmcome pass or on facebook. see us next time. [ ♪ ] hello, i'm richard gizbert, and you are the "the listening post", here are some of the media stories we have been tracking. risk any business in baghdad and beyond.
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journalism in iraq, i.s.i.l. is dangerous for reporters. the uniform is gone. when it comes to dealing with the media, thailand's leader is barking out the order. nepalese have an issue with the coverage of the earthquake, it's with their neighbours in india, and the growing world of p.r. and an effect on a newsroom in los angeles. talk about perilous assignments for journalists and the first countries that come to mind are syria, ukraine and somalia and iraq. it's a burial ground in 2003, and it remains one of the most danger countries to report from. conditions are growing worse. another reporter was killed on world press freedom day when a car bomb that i.s.i.l. claimed possibility for took the life. he
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was with the institute pore war and peace. net parker fled the country after his life was threatened. the threats did not come from the i.s.i.l. side of the border. the journalist was reported. reason enough in iraq to pack bags in head to the airport. leaving is not on option. journalist are caught between factions competing for power. all the stories that thu we report bud don't. the starting point it baghdad. journalists continue to face dangers, there's a culture of impunity, we have seen deaths, attacks, kidnappings. >> it depends on whether the
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journalist is viewed as being friendly or bias towards one group or another it's about controlling the message. it's difficult to find the truth of what is happening. his life was one of 17, lost to a pair of car bombs that ripped through karata in the heart of baghdad. he worked for an n.g.o. that specialises in conflict zones. training journalists. >> translation: the greatest exact is on civil activism and the media work he was dedicated to. he is one of many colleagues who have been killed. me was a mentor to a number of journalists, in the wrong place at the wrong time. it shows the security situation in iraq can effect anybody. it's just the death of another person here in iraq.
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and 1500 died last month. >> in that sense it's symbolic that everybody faces these dangers in iraq, not just the journalists according to the committee to protect journalists, 15 have been killed in iraq, 2013. most were targeted. ned parker of reuters said he did not want to be number 16. on april 3rd, parker filed is sorry from tikrit, on government-backed force, recapturing the city. iraqis that took issue with his support went on facebook threatening his life. and on an iraqi tv channel, it led parker to conclude that he was no longer safe. after a decade of covering iraq, he left the country. >> here was the liberation of tikrit, a major city, the most significant victory that the iraqi forces have achieved against i.s.i.s., and the
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reporting that came about it was focussing on the transgressions and happened on the battlefield. but by and large i think that reporting itself did not focus on any positive events that happened with the liberation of the city, and rather focussing on the negative aspects. >> in tikrit the big question was what would the shia dominated groups do once they had recaptured parts of the heartland. how would they act. this was the time that the report came in, that a journalist witnessed an impromptu execution of a soldiers in the street, and hundreds of houses were burnt. it touched a nerve. >> it showed what had happened, and there were revenge attacks that took place. reuters decided to run that. what happened was on a tv channel.
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ned parker, the reuters bureau chief was singled out. he was person non grata for iraq and this tv channel. the gravest threat to journalists is the one posted by i.s.i.l. not the indiscriminate attacks like the car bomb, but targeted killings and kidnappings. according to figures compiled by the c p.j., more than 20 media workers are missing or are known to have been conducted. i.s.i.l. holds significant territory, and journalists know to go there amounts to risking their lives for a story the militants want told their way. i.s.i.s. targeted journalists who are iraqis and non-iraqis there is a lot of killing. i.s.i.s. considers them to be a tart. shia or kurds. i.s.i.s. had a smart media
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operations and they used their own journalist, social media experts. they are a tv channel in mosul, and the journalists are a newsance, because they don't want to look for the facts. that is what this is about iraq's minister for communication summoned the journalist, blaming the media for some of the setbacks. gathered reporters were told most of the security collapses were due to psychological warfare, and the media has a major role in creating this feeling among the people. since 2003, they had a tremendous proliferation of non-state media. we have gone from two state channels to 100 channels.
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these sometimes are sectarian empires, different interest groups. also reflecting power base, and as power bases they have guns and influence. >> and because of this, many inexperienced journalists join the center and broadcast news that sometimes are controversial. they do hold water, because there are agencies that misinform or fabricate news. many are disgruntled, it's considered a congruent for for of terrorism. >> there are several outlets that even though they are not that even though not praising i.s.i.s., reporting on their success, criticizing the government, almost giving a hint that there is a rational for the
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existence of i.s.i.s., or the support for i.s.i.s. >> so whilst there are dangers to journalist, you can't put this media back in the box. it's too diverse to just shut down when iraq was invaded in unleashed. the factions fighting on the ground have since taken their battle to the air waves, the government, i.s.i.l. and others want to control the sport and some will kill journalists to get the control. iraqis have new channels and freedom of the press doesn't matter once when you don't know who or what took the lead. on the download this week, our viewers on the state and dangers of journalism in
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iraq.
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other media stories on the radar this week, the earthquake, that devastated nepal. it has garnered media coverage. many have taken issue. some are taking coverage from india. the hashtag go home indian media has been re-tweeted tens of thousands of times. chief among the complaints the emphasis of india's role in the relief effort and the personal involvement of prime minister narendra modi.
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a segment was ran with a title translating to "your pain is my pain", narendra modi's face was all over it. on adp he was lauded as a protector of nepali people. in a tweet it was hit back at saying sections may have overhyped india's role, but the attention was never away from the tragedy. >> a radio producer in somali is the latest to use his life. armed men broke into omar's house. he worked for a privately owned government. no group claimed responsibility. journalists suggest al-shabab. newsagencies called the group and issued an order to local journalists not to use the name
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al-shabab, but referred to the group that massacres the somali people. as the chairman of the media houses told al jazeera, the change in terminology puts our lives in greater risk. we have to be neutral, we are independent journalists. the international media calls them al-shabab, if the the decision. roughly 18 months after a launch, al jazeera america has replaced its ceo. the c.e.o. that presided over the launch will be replaced about the manager director of al jazeera english. al jazeera america was making news after a number of high profile departures much the cp vp of outreach joined two others. mcguinness was critical of the management style. a.j.a.m. is facing a wrongful dismissal suit which the channel
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said it would contest. ansi started with c.b.s. and spent time at reuters and the associated press. the channel he inherits is to boost ratings, with figures reaching 30,000, numbers falling behind fox cnn and m.s. m b.c. a year ago this month there was big news out of bangkok when the thai government overthrew the government of yingluck shinawatra. it was the 12th coup d'etat. no country had more military coups over that period. the thai media are old hands at dealing with this thing, figuring out where the red lines, the journalististic bound res are. the aftermath of this coup is challenging. the government of the general turned prime minister lifted
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martial law, but it has not eased the pressure on journalists. replacing martial law is article 44, security law that journalists and human rights activists say is worse in some ways. the military hoounty gave itself the power to pull news off the air, shut down media outlets and they will them what to public or not. beyond article 44 is a challenge to report on the prime minister. he may have taken off the air. we report on the thai media, the general and the new rules. >> reporter: friday night in thailand, if you are not out on the beach, in a club, at evening prayers in a temple, or at work, you can watch tv. the prime minister has something he wants to say.
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>> reporter: unlike his predecessors, the prime minister has weekly tv address entitled "returning happiness to the people", airing on all channels. the friday evening prime-time slot is one of the more relaxing media engagements for the prime minister. conferences, interactions with the media can get testy. >> translation: i have been discussing this with my colleagues. we think it's because he is from the media system, and is not used to be confront with people shouting questions. when media shouts questions, a
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person like the general gets confrontational. his regime is obviously unnerved because an unfettered and free press will ask questions about his government's legitimacy, which is lacking considering how he came to power through an extraconstitutional coup. he has taken a puking nation approach to the media. >> he is direct, honest, a professional military man. now that he's moved into the political arena, some members that don't know him well are surprised. they report the words. for example, at one press conference, he finished answering a question. it was repeated over and over again. that upset him. >> reporter: there's no hiding the fact that the prime minister and his government watched the media closely and take it very seriously.
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after the coup in 2015, an outspoken columnist at the nation was arrested and held and told not to write or say anything to exacerbate the situation. since then the government took a new approach. the army caught him in line, there were eight meetings held in 2014. in march this year, a news report enslaved on fishing boats aired on the chanel 3. the prime minister was furious. >> i watched the news, it was a good piece. a female broadcaster travelled to a little island in indonesia, where there was a group of thai fishermen were arrested. and
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forced into slavery. so after it game out it caused a stir. this is how blunt the prime minister is. if he reads an article or watches a report, he'd say so. regarding the case of a channel three report, he was concerned about security. also he wants news reports to be balanced and comprehensive. >> administration has taken great umbrage towards any reporting that indicates thailand has a human trafficking problem. this is something that his government has taken its lumps for from the united states and potentially economic sanctions. the government has moved to suppress news the prime minister is worried and intends to solve the human slavery issue. he said he was open to different
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opinions and ideas, but doesn't want divisive opinions that can divide the country, if some break the line, we can have a session to talk. >> reporter: that talk with the channel 3 reporter took place a lifted. the army replaced it with a new law. article 44. media it said the prime minister can prevent, discuss or protect an act undermining peace and order. national security, economics or administration of state affairs, whether the act is inside or outside the kingdom. had the channel three report aired after the lifting of martial law, the implication could have been worse. >> article 44 - i think the programme could be banned
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together, if we look into the details of article 44. it gives sweeping powers to control the media. >> if we abide by all the orders of the nco, we wouldn't be able to report anything. given how broad and vague the laws are, we are going about our jobs as best we can. we will never really know where the red lines are. a year since the military coup, the ask of military consideration and reform is counting. political divisions runs deep. the future of the economy is in question, and the economy is shaky. amidst this the prime minister decided that the media need to be in his grip, or they may set off a round of mass protests. >> when the prime minister took office, the government had to do
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something. in times like this if the media presents one side of the problems and neglects to mention action, people could misunderstand and criticise us for not doing the work promised. >> everything we see is in government. talking about restoring democracy is putting in place a police state. drafters are talking about putting in place democratic reforms, the military is putting in place laws, restrictions, institutionalized threats that are meant to kerb press freedom, not enhance. >> hopefully it will pass, that's a positive way of looking at it. the most fearful thing is we never return to where we were, and we had to wait a long time until the elections could be amended again. not losing hope, but it's a long and bumpy ride ahead of
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us. more voices on the download now on the new rules and red lines in thailand. >> the main problem seems to be that it remains unclear what exactly are the criteria for determining which media outlet and a formal censorship turns into a political tool in the hands of a regime >> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the sound bites. we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making our world what it is. >> ray suarez hosts "inside story". only on al jazeera america.
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finally the pulitzer prize is as prestigious as it gets. and this year's prize went to a small paper called the daily breeze. it covers the south side of los angeles. two reporters rob and rebecca had a story about a local
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schoolboard, ear-marked, ending up in a local pocket. one banked more than 600,000 in a year. it was a good story but for reporters in the community it did not end well. a reporter has given up journalism for a job in public relations. p.r. is a safer option. we asked him, and he's one of many, to give up journalism for a world of perform.r. we'll see you next time on "the . >> i was here in south bay. i wrote a story in 2010, it didn't get traction. three years later they saw a story that i had written. >> we looked at people in the
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district. he set the tone for a lot of other folks who were often in the district. >> all the while school districts cut programs, serving high poverty, low performing population, laying off teachers by the dozen. >> local reporting... >> when we started the investigation, it was not with any thoughts about awards in our heads. there was a crazy thing going on that needed to be revealed and uncovered. >> i think the pulitzer was a report, papers that others do, that can have tremendous positive effect. that is precisely what it is here. where we did watchdog malfeasance in government and bring it to life. literally hundreds of journalists leave the business
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to pursue lucrative opportunity. >> one thing i took for granted as a reporter is that a lot of my stories came from p.r. people. now i'm on the other side of the equation, i learnt that there are two sides to the equation, fear of telling stories in the public forum. there's five or six things. we are talking about the story, how long, how late we worked.
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hello there. this is the news hour live from london. coming up. they need to respond in an immediate and joint way. >> the eu seeks international support for its plans to find and destroy people smugglers' boats in the mediterranean sea. in asia hundreds of migrants were rescued off malaysia and indonesia with thousands more feared trapped. also

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