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tv   News  Al Jazeera  May 14, 2015 9:00pm-10:01pm EDT

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>> on al jazeera america >>'s a vital part of who we are... >>they had some dynamic fire behavior... >> and what we do... don't try this at home! >> tech know where technology meets humanity... only on al jazeera america offering reassurance. >> the united states will stand by our g.c.c. partners against external attack president barack obama promise military protection to gulf nations from the threat of a potentially nuclear iran international pressure. >> the secretary-general calls on all parties to exercise calm and restraint calling for cooler heads with the violence in burundi after a coup.
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aerial assaults. >> there's other ways columbia a major source of cocaine to the urks is putting an end to chemical spraying. india's president and china's president exchange warm greetings despite decades of bitterness and hostility good evening, this is al jazeera america. i'm antonio mora. we begin tonight with a presidential assurance after meeting with the six gulf cooperation nations president obama promised the u.s. would defend the g.c.c. countries in the face of aggression. the gulf states have been at odds with the wows's pursuit of
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a nuclear agreement in iran. more reports surfaced that saudi arabia and other countries intend to match whatever nuclear capabilities iran has allowed. mike viqueira is in camp david. what is the white house saying about how things went today? did the president achieve what he wanted to? >> well first of all, that last point, and it's an important one, that question was asked several times in different venues to white house officials. they say that doesn't really come up at all during the talks. it was asked of the saudi foreign minister who held his own press conference on the margins of the summit in camp david. he said that that was not an issue that came up. it is an obvious concern. the president called the summit on the same day he announced the agreement with iran the goal to reassure many allies that many of the activities in their own backyards, destabilizing
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activities, the u.s. will stand behind them at the same time as it sits down about iran over the nuclear talks. so there were comings and goings all day long. many called it unprecedented. yet it was a brainstorming session, no concrete deliverables came out of today. the president held a press conference after, here is a little of what he had to say. >> first i'm reafirming our iron clad agreement with our gulf partners we agree to work with g.c.c. statements to help deter threats to territorial areas inconsistent with the charter. >> the president spoke of military exercises with the gulf nations. there are bases over the region 35,000 troops are stationed in the region. more talk of cooperation on cyber security counterterrorism
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and maritime security as well. >> mike did iran's long shadow over the talks take focus away interest other big issues in the area. we have problems from yemen and libya, and i.s.i.l. and syria and iraq in addition to the civil war. >> it was. it was something that was discussed and asked of many of the participants here. i, myself had an opportunity to ask the president about the serious situation. as you are aware, reports that bashar al-assad once again used chemical weapons, if not classified as chemical weapons, chlorine barrel bombs, the president, two years ago, famously the red line was crossed. bashar al-assad used chemical weapons. that's part of the frustration of the situation in iran that many allies felt over the course of the last several years. in yemen, the united states backing the effort there by the saudi-led coalition to fight the
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houthis, to drive them back, a pause in the bombing campaign. i had an opportunity to ask the saudi arabia foreign minister whether or not it could be extended as the united states wants it to happen and he says that's always a possibility. many of these issues not just the nuclear talks, front and center at the summit today. >> mike viqueira camp david. thank you. joining us now is al jazeera international affairs contributor joining us from ann arbor. good to have you with us. a lot has been made that only two heads of states of the six g.c.c. countries showed up to the summit arguably because they disagree with the way president obama administration dealt with iran. but this afternoon they looked like they were the best of friends. >> the people that came from the various countries were not low level. the crown prince came from saudi arabia. in the case of the united arab
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emirates, the emir that's a legitimate absence. it was a pretty high-level summit, not everything that president obama hoped for. he wanted a one on one with king salman of saudi arabia the newly minted monarch there, and king salman ultimately cancelled out. but i think this was a sufficiently high level meeting that some things did get done. >> you have written about how the arab world is concerned that the u.s. is increasingly on iran's side. was this greater friendliness because the president seems so have escalated his rhetoric in the past few days. >> what they were looking for was iron clad commitment to their security. i talked to a federal intellectual who advocated for a kind of n.a.t.o. in the gulf area that u.s. would have
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formal treaty obligations to defend those countries, and vice versa. that's the kind of thing they want. they didn't quite get that. they got maybe a pledge of being declared a major non-n.a.t.o. allies, but that was one of the things that they came looking for, that the united states should undertake to stand behind them if iran came gunning for them. >> do you think that verbal reassurance of that commitment to their security was enough? >> no i don't think it probably came to - they probably came away satisfied with what president obama said, and i think they are more concerned than the united states is about what they see as iranian meddling in yemen and syria. i have to say i, meself, think that they overestimate the iranian hand in yemen. >> one of the statements that came out of the summit was to call on iran to stop
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destabilizing the region including yemen. are they empty words if iran is not at the table? >> yes. i think they are not empty words, but president obama and secretary of state john kerry will press iran on this issue. and the united states has joined in with the logistical support for the yemeni-arab campaign. this is an area where the arab countries and america are not on the same page. the obama administration thinks that the air campaign has not yielded results and is not likely to is killing civilians, and could be a public disaster. they hope the situation can move to diplomacy sooner rather than later later. >> with all the issues is the fight against i.s.i.l. - which probably doesn't matter as much to the people in the united states - is that lost in the
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shuffle. >> this is a big divide between the united states and the gulf cooperation council. they have flown missions against i.s.i.l. and are on board with the u.s. attempt to roll that organization back. it just isn't as threatening to them as iran. the priorities are reversed. the u.s. feels that they have no joys but to have a kind of de facto cooperation with iran in iraq. the arab world doesn't feel that that is desirable. >> good to have you with us. thank you meanwhile, the iranian navy was involved in another accident. u.s. officials say several iranian boats fired shots across the bow of a singaporean vessel. five small boats, believed to be manned by the iran republican guard tried to force the ship into iranian waters. when the crew refused iranians
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fired. the vessel turned and escaped entering u.a.e. waters. iran was involved in a similar matter with a dutch vessel aid is getting to millions of yemenis deprived of food fuel and medicine. houthi rebels have violated the ceasefire, says saudi arabia since it went into account tuesday night. hashem ahelbarra has the story. >> reporter: these are the streets of yemen's capital sanaa. there's a ceasefire in place. and an opportunity for yemenis to be confined to their homes for weeks, to go out and buy food. >> translation: thank god for the truce. we hope those abroad can return and people can move to provide food, fuel and other things. >> across the border here in the saudi capital riyadh
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yemen's government in exile has set up an agency to distribute aid across the country. but it's a government that has almost no power on the ground. nadia is the minister of information, and says political talks are yemen's only chance to avoid an all-out civil war. >> now that we are in a truce of a sort, we hope that eventually we talk. a political it's course is what we are looking for. but that means that the houthis have to surrender their - at least the heavy arms allow the government to do its job, and refrain from taking action. yemen's government is led by the president. and vice president. they were forced out of power when the houthis took obvious the capital. the government is hoping to return as soon as fighting comes to an end.
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for the time being they say the houthis and former president should face trial. >> there has been systematic crimes against humanity committed by houthis. organised armed people refugees fleeing homes in boats. it's a crime. >> reporter: reconciliation may be a long way off, weeks of fighting deepened the divide between the countries. yemen's main political factions are expected to met in riyadh in the coming days to form a new alliance against the houthis and forces loyal to president ali abdullah saleh. they hope to build international support for the new alliance but is likely to run the country in the future a media outlet associated with i.s.i.l. released an audio statement they say comes from the group's leader abu bakr
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al-baghdadi. al jazeera can't verify the authenticity of the tape but it follows rumours that abu bakr al-baghdadi was killed or incap as titted. the voice -- n capacitated. the voice references an attack and if authentic it shows abu bakr al-baghdadi was alive as recently as mid-april a day of mourning in pakistan following a deadly bus attack in karachi on shia muslims. a funeral was held for 40 shot to death after gunmen boarded a bus and opened fire. a group associated with i.s.i.l. claimed possibility in bahrain an activist had a 6 month sentence upheld. he was arrested for posting defensive treats. he alleged former bahraini soldiers were fighting with terror groups in syria and
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developed extremist views while serving with the bahrainian army a desperate effort to save goldminers. family members face an agonizing wait. and the call to stop using herbicides in the cocaine market. >>...could be a hypocrite >> you're also gonna get a show that's really fair bold... never predictable... >> the should be worried about heart disease, not terrorism... >> i wouldn't say that at all... >> you'll see a show that has an impact on the conventional wisdom that goes where nobody else goes... >> my name is imran garda i am the host of third rail and you can find it on al jazeera america
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rescue crews worked for a second day to save 15 miners trapped when an unlicensed goldmine flooded. it is located on an indigenous reservation. the pumps that keep water out of the tunnels are believed to have been cut off by a power failure. >> reporter: it's an agonizing wait for the relatives of those trapped in the goldmine. water flooded three shafts, some as deep as 23 meters. it could take days before the water is pumped out. 15 mine or are missing.
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a few came out alive. >> translation: i survived because it wasn't my day. i was the last one to come out. i was climbing with a friend from the hole, grabbing the polls. my friend didn't make it. when the mine filled up. it filled up with gas, and it drugs you. >> reporter: it's not clear what caused the flooding but some accused a local electricity company. >> translation: it's horrible. my son sensed this and told me that this would happen. the local electric company's fault. they had no light. he told me that last week "mum they'll be so unfair they'll cut off the light. if they do that disaster will happen." look, it was not a lie. >> reporter: this mine was operating legally, most gold in columbia is extracted through illegal mines. that and mining laws are believing to be contributing to unsafe lines. 120 people were killed last year in 87 mine accidents.
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the government says it's doing the best it can to improve conditions for minors. -- miners. >> translation: when i found out i gave instructions to the minister of mines the national agency and risk management unit so they can spare no efforts to help those trapped in the mine. in the meantime our hearts are with the families and we'll do everything possible to find them as quickly as possible. >> reporter: for those that say the losses are irreparable. promises of support do not mean much in context, columbian coca crops - farmers say the war on drugs is a health hazard for locals and aerial fumigation should be stand because the spray contains a potentially cancerous chemical. the country's president agrees, and tells us why it's a difficult decision for the government. >> reporter: since the 1990s,
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crop dusters have been spraying toxic chemicals on coca fields. it has been a centrepiece of the u.s.-fundedest to curb the production of cocaine. after 20 years, and billions of dollars columbia seems ready for an about face. >> translation: we are the only country in the world using fume stayings gags against illicit crops. i'm asking the national drug council to superintendent fumigation, as there's a risk. >> reporter: research has confirmed. >> translation: we have demonstrated that there was a strong relationship between fumigation campaigns and illnesses. >> reporter: for those trying to make a living, the chemical had a limited affect on its targets. >> translation: if coca is sprayed, you cut it down and four months later it regrows. legal crops, instead, are gone
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for good. fume gaiting is counterproductive. there are other alternatives. >> reporter: here in the village farmers tried the alternative. as part of a government-funded substitution programme they switched to peppers and cocoa. it was not enough. in man is one of them and says making the switch was difficult and expensive. but it paid. until last october, when his field was sprayed again. hundreds of farmers who stopped growing cocoa have seen their legal crops destroyed this year by indiscriminate use of aerial fumigation and feel they have been betrayed by the government. >> we feel stabbed in the back. after all the sacrifices why do we get hit. how can you blame someone for going back to growing cocoa.
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-- coca. >> reporter: if fumigation is scrapped the government will use other methods. back here, farmers feel that ending fumigation is a fundamental first step. unless the government provide development, many will continue to see coca as the best option the director of the drug policy project at the institute for policy studies joins us from washington d.c. good to have you with us. many experts feel that if the government stops spraying it will mean more cocaine will be produced and more will come to the u.s. is that a legitimate concern? >> well, all we managed to do by the massive spraying programme that has been going on for two decades is push the cocoaa is push
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it back to peru. peru is about to overtake columbia as the number one plofr of coca. so now, is there going to be a plan in peru. will we spend $10 billion to push it back to columbia: d.e.a. estimated that 90% of cocaine in the united states originated from columbia. in 2012, 95.5% originated from columbia, after about $8 billion-$10 billion of assistance. more cocaine comes from columbia. >> glycosit is a popular herba side. you can buy it from home depot. it was found to be carcinogenic. many experts don't gree. the man that heads the bureau of
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international narcotics has been quoted of saying there's never been a verified case of cancer from glycosit. >> i spent a dozens years travelling to areas and talked and met with farmers affected by the spraying. i have seen a lot of rashes diarrhoea, vomited that sort of thing. i have no doubt that it is very harmful to people and the environment. and we do not use it in the same way in the united states. gardeners in the u.s. might know it. they use a very weak solution of it. they use a spray applicator to hit the one weed. we are dropping a concentrated version, by aeroplane over 4 million acres of columbia. it's devastate of course killing anything green. >> this is incredibly expensive. numbers i saw showed it's $136,000 in eradication to keep
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one kilo of cocaine out of the united states. >> it's easier if you are a member of congress if you move the resource, and fly over a country, keep in mind columbia is bigger than texas, the same is true of bolivia and peru. the idea that we can take a plant and eradicate it is folly. you may as well use spray planes to destroy marijuana in the united states. >> the same study shows it cost 3600 to keep it out of the united states by going after the drug smugglers. is that the better way to go? >> the most cost effective means of reducing cocaine is prevention and treatment. studies finds this. least effective is eradication at the source. the next least is interdiction, high seas on the border.
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the most successful is attempting to treat people with addiction. >> cutting demand. >> exactly. there's too much land in the world to grow this stuff. >> talking about the source u.s. a.i.d. has programs to encourage farmers in south america, poppies in afghanistan, in columbia coca crops. why has that not worked? >> it's been a half-heart afterthought. it's the sugar coating put on a bitter pill. primarily it's not about alternative development, and winning hearts and minds and dealing with root causes of conflict and drug production. it's been highly militarized and is more about drug war and eradication than providing meaningful livelihoods. we allocated a fair amount of money to alternative development projects. the system has been so corrupt
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and little money reachers the farmers, and they have been strayed. those that signed pacts, they are entried, it's indescrimate. >> thank you for being with us. some venezuelan journalists are banned from travelling after publishing stories accusing a powerful politician of running a drug ring. he sued 22 editors and reporters for republishing an article claiming his former security chief controlled a military run drug cartel. a judge who issued the ban said it's cautionary. for years venezuelan officials have been accused of money laundering and drug trafficking abandoned at sea and left to die. thousands of migrants turned away from malaysia and have to fend for themselves. hezbollah helps the syrian army
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push back against rebel force, and gain lost ground.
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[ ♪♪ ] welcome back to al jazeera america. i'm antonio mora. coming up in this half hour of international news - the latest on the power struggle and the violence in burundi, and what the united nations says about the attempted coup first a look at stories making headlines in our american minute. another body found in the wreckage of an amtrak drain that derailed in philadelphia. the train accelerated to more than 100 miles per hour twice the speed limit before the crash. the n.t.s.b. says it will interview the engineer in the next few days. duke energy pleaded guilty to charges of criminal negligence at five north carolina power plants. in 2014 problems at a plant caused 35,000 tonnes of coal ash
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to leak into the dan river. the company admits though ignoring waters from emplorks who wanted to scan pipes. prosecutors that that could have prevented the dan river spill man was arrested after trying to launch a drone near the white house. it was not clear whether he was attempting to fly it to the residents or take photos. it comes after an off-duty intelligence officer landed a drone on the white house lawn in nepal there has been a search for a military defense chopper, joining others scouring the country side. it disappeared tuesday while ferrying supplies to survivors. after an attempted coup in burundi, the president's whereabouts is unknown. it's unclear who is in charge. one soldiers was killed between
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fighting from rival factions. malcolm webb reports from bujumbura. >> reporter: the sound of gun fire in bujumbura. the streets are deserted. during the lull people ran for safety, trying to escape the violence. similar scenes play out in other parts of the city as rival groups of soldiers fight to control. weeks of protests turned into gun battles on the treats after a senior military officer announced the dismissal of pierre nkurunziza from office. he is out of the country, but on thursday took to twitter urging burundians to remain calm in the face of this. there has been fighting around the state media compound. the violence drew international concern. >> the secretary-general calls on all parties to exercise calm and restraint. and remind all burundian leaders
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of the need to preserve peace and stability from a country that suffered bouts of violence. >> the head of the army said an overthrow fail. it's not clear whether the coup has been successful or not. the u.n. security council says it will respond to violent acts threatening peace and security in burundi. james bays reports there are not many options available to the security council. >> the security council meeting for the second time in one week to discuss the situation in burundi, an indication of their concern about the situation, about the there's little they can do other than keep making statements, and their sensitivity around the council table about the language they use in the statements. you'll notice that this time they didn't mention the word coup or attempted coup. >> the members of the security council condemn the violent unrest in burundi and those -
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both those who facilitate violence against civilians, and those who seek to seize power by unlawful means. >> reporter: one of the issues the international community will have to confront is what to do about the election due to take place in a month's time. if the violence was to stop, it's unlikely it will be possible to have an election that was secure free and fair james bays at the united nations malaysian officials turned away two boats carrying hundreds of migrants saying if they offer asylum many will follow. many were rohingya. facing persecution. thailand's army dropped passengers of food into the water for another boat sailing off the coast. some of the refugees have reportedly been travelling for up to two month. human rights groups are expressing concern especially
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now that they are being turned away. we have a report from indonesia where some found refuge. >> reporter: this 10-year-old and 8-year-old sister spent two months on a boat. they hoped to reach malaysia where their father fled after violence. they say they had to pay smugglers after soldiers arrested their mother. >> translation: the boat had no fuel, we ran out of food. everyone was praying and crying to find a stretch of land. >> reporter: the land was indonesia. they survived the journey, tears are flowing. many are suffering from illnesses and they are worried about those left behind, and those out there at sea. >> translation: please can someone in the world give us our human rights. our families are in myanmar. we have no information, we are
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very worried. >> reporter: the asylum seekers tell us they left with 11 boats one had to be toed after it ran out of fuel. that boat and three others are still missing. the u.n. high commissioner said they were among thousands of rohingya refugees facing dangerous conditions. they are exhausted and many are ill. they are happy to be alive. meaning rohingya and bangladeshies made it ashore. the fate of the others is unknown, and time is running out for the international community to rescue them. >> the government of malaysia and indonesia say they'll send away boats with rohingya. the u.n.h.c.r. is making a plea for countries to help. >> the time has passed. from what we understand, reports we are getting, the people are in desperate situations. bad health conditions, we understand many died at sea already. there's no time to waste.
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we call on the international community to really get out there and find these people and bring them assure somewhere. >> the re asylum seekers will most likely spend months if not years in indonesia. so far hardly any have been accepted by countries, not even those signing the un convention for refugees. it could be a long time before mohammed and his sister will be reunited with their father more than 100 fishermen are back in fisherman are back in myanmar after being rescued from indonesia where they have been forced to work out pay. they travelled to indonesia after being promised jobs in restaurants. >> translation: what can i say i'm so very happy, never-endingly happy and give thanks to people that helped me. >> reporter: the workers were free after the associated press vetted claims of human
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trafficking. more than 300 men were enslaved from thailand to cambodia. the men say they were made to work shifts lasting up to 22 hours, and were beaten and forced to lie in locked cells. in sicily 100 migrants arrived in catania, rescued by h m.s. "bulwark" after being found off the coast. they had travelled in four boats. more than 3,000 african migrants were rescued from the mediterranean over the past 448 hours. syria's media say the military made gains north of damascus after fighting a battle with help from hezbollah. the army seized control. hezbollah fighters helped bashar al-assad's forces to push back opposition fighters including the al nusra front. bashar al-assad has been suffering setbacks in the north-west the turkish border
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a monitoring group in syria's 17 children were killed in government air strikes. the army bombed three opposition-held villages, killing 39 people. observers say syria used missiles and barrel bombs in the attack. fighting against i.s.i.l. topped the agenda for nato members. the organization needs to find a way to fight the rebels. imran khan has more from turkey. >> reporter: the violence in syria continues as islamic state of iraq and levant says it's taking territory in the east. despite the coalition air strikes against the arm group. the international community is once again calling on syrian president bashar al-assad to declare a ceasefire. turkey has long been an opponent of the bashar al-assad regime and proposed a series of secure zones to be implemented with which it shares a land border in syria. at a summit in a turkish city
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the threat from i.s.i.l. was discussed at length. what was not discussed was a proposal for zur zones, best suited for n.a.t.o. turkey has not brought up the issue with the organization. >> the turkish foreign minister at the previous foreign ministerial in brussels noted that turkey believes it's the right thing to do, but did not request a nato role. we'll see what happens here. prime minister did not request a thoughto role when he was here earlier in the meeting. so i don't expect honksly speaking for -- honestly speaking for turkey to request an n.a.t.o. role. the reason why the turkish have not is one of international politics. >> turkey has been singling out i.s.i.s. as the main challenge. it's quite effective. the assault has been found as
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the main enemy. that has been a kind of ongoing disagreement between washington and which areas or n.a.t.o. targets right now the only commitment that n.a.t.o. has is the deployment of the patriot missile on turkey's border to syria. there's an idea of secure zones but it has not been discussed with n.a.t.o. leading many to wonder what role tuckey will play in conflict resolution within syria, and why it has the appetite british military say they intercepted two bombers scrambled north of scotland to escort the russian aircraft out of the area. they never crossed into u.k. air space. intercepts agreed.
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-- increased three baltic nations are asking n.a.t.o. to permanently deploy ground troops in their countries as a deterrent. yest tonia, latvia and mauritania sent a unit letter to the supreme allied commander in europe asking for an n.a.t.o. battalion for 700-800 troops. n.a.t.o.'s head made no commitment. the main messages is nato is ready and prepared we'll defend all allies. >> n.a.t.o. has increased military presence in the baltic region and is training rapid response forces that can be easily deployed to trouble spots. russia's ambassador to the e.u. says the request was motivated by politics. as far as he knows no one is threatening the baltic. hundreds of u.s. troops are on a
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nato-training mission in romania. it's a joint exercise with british troops and they are learning the best ways to work together in the fields. they are travelling from southern bases near the black sea to a shooting base. romania has been an n.a.t.o. member for more than 10 years. a summit of the leaders of two of the most populous count chris in the world. coming up hour narendra modi's trip to china may signal a change in their relationship and a conviction overturned 70 years after the defendant was executed.
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in a philippine city 72 bodies have been recovered from the scene of a factory fire, from a plant that made flip-flops and sandals. authorities are trying to determine why so many died. >> reporter: this is one of manila's deadliest fires, it involved most of the factory and
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lasted more than seven hours. for most of the workers there was no way out. this person is desperate for answers, his children and grand daughter were working in the factory when the fire broke out. this morning he wept inside and had a look. the chances that he survived are slim. >> the only thing left are burnt bones, skulls. they have melted along with the metal. see the windows. seven cats can't escape. what's more my children. i want to know what happened. how do i find what's left of them. >> translation: we heard a big explosion, everything went black. it took seconds. those on the second floor, it was impossible for them to survive. >> reporter: like many plants in this poor area north of the capital, this factory manufactures products. expensive sandals produced by workers making less that 3 usd a
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day. most are labourers, with no medical benefits or job security. for the families waiting for news about their loved ones the situation is never more confusing. it's not confirmed whether rules and labour laws have been followed by the factory. they've been able to confirm the number of workers working in the plant. the death toll is rising. >> the priority now is to assist the families and provide what they need. we asked for help from the national government and the police to help identify the bodies. >> reporter: the president's orders are clear - conduct a thorough investigation, and hold those responsible accountable. for those grieving the charge remains that the factory may not provide closure. it is too late now, they say, their loved ones paid the
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ultimate price president barack obama's bid to fast-track the trans-pacific partnership is moving forward. the senate voted to resurrect the deal to connect the u.s. and 11 pacific rim countries. several days ago they blocked consideration of the fast-track measure indian prime minister narendra modi is on the second day of a visit to china, it's friday morning and these are picture of a ceremony in te ana men square. the two populous nations are expected to sign deals worth millions. relations are strained over a border dispute. adrian brown has the story. >> reporter: most foreign leaders begin state visits to china in the capital beijing. in a departure from protocol narendra modi flue flew to the
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capital of president xi jinping's home province a sign that the strained relationship between the two neighbours may be easing. the president and p.m. are arguably the region's two most powerful regions ruling over a combined population of 2.5 billion, a third of humanity. they have much in common. both are proud nationalists and lead two of the world's fastest growing economies, with india's growth rate overtaking china. they have a lot to discuss. president xi wants to promote plans to establish trade routes linking china, with europe and south asia, one route passes through kashmir, a region disputed by pakistan and india. it is though, the tensions over another border the one that separates china and india that will be a dominant issue during
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the visit. both countries claim large swathes of territory, leading to a war 50 years ago. >> both government have been making effort to reduce tensions. as long as the problem is behind. it's a thorpe in the side of two -- thorn in the side of two country's relations. >> reporter: both boast ancient civilisation. this city is more than 2,000 years old. narendra modi visited the wild goose pegoda housing works translated from transcript and a sacred buddhist site in china. no visit would be complete without the terracota warriors a collection of skull trurs de -- sculptures depicting the forces of the first emperor, who triumphed over all. it was a backdrop for a leader that hopes for better relations
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and china japan's prime minister is defending defence bills endorsed by the government. it would allow japan's defense to play a greater role moving behind defense. critical it war legislation, pushing the country to militarism. the prime minister disagrees. >> translation: this day and age we can no longer protect our country by ourselves, in this situation we need to coordinate with the international community and our ally in the u.s. to protect regional piece and stability. i'm certain it will lead to protection of people's lives. >> the mood would damage international trust and tarnish the image as a passivist in my submission okinawa is home to bases of the u.s. after the islands were returned to japan, a look at whether okinawa should claim independence from tokyo
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a serbian judge voided the treason conviction of a world war ii commander accused of collaborating with the nazis. the general was sentenced and shot to death. it was seen as vindication by supporters who called him a martyr. they claim the original trial was unfair. >> translation: the procedure in which the rights were violated could by no means establish the state of facts and reach a valid court decision based on it. because of all this we reached a decision that this man should be rehabilitate. >> reporter: after the ruling riot police separated nationalist and leftist opponents of the general, who had gathered outside of court ahead - paris is known for many things, now the city of light is going green. ♪ we are the world ♪ ♪ we are the children ♪
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usual dinner entertainment for leaders in turkey.
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in our off the radar a look at an outbreak of meningitis in niger, they are struggling to control the disease that killed more than 400. doctors are concerned because it involves two strains of the disease that are not typically found in that region. >> reporter: this is the trail of anguish of meningitis outbreak which has spread to families. since january the health ministry said 4,000 died, 6,000 injured. it's contagious, children are vulnerable. >> translation: when she got sick with meningitis my thought was the others would get it.
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that's what i'm worried about, why i'm asking for authorities do help the ones that are vulnerable ones that can't afford the countries to be vak anated. >> reporter: meningitis is not uncommon, but doctors without borders said this strain is worry some caused by two strains not typically seen in the region most here are immunized against a different strain. >> translation: the government took the necessary measures at the early staples of the disease by vaccinating children from 2-15 years old. schools are closed until the vaccination campaign has finished. >> reporter: there's a global shortage of the meningitis vaccine. it means it will be a challenge to stop the spread of what doctors say is a preventible disease now our global view segment - a look at how news
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outlets across the world are reacting to various events. a turkish paper suggests a resolution by congress is more realistic for iraq. it would split financial support to iraq, giving 50% to the iraqi government, and 25% to kurdish and sunni forces. under the headline why does the u.s. want to arm sunnis and kurds. it reflects the real situation and better support efforts to defeat capitol hill. >> kenya's daily nation is calling on the international community to restore stability. under the headline - stop the slide - the surest way to avoid coups is promoting democracy. >> the guardian writes the dramatic accounts of execution of north korea's elite serves
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pyongyang's interest. even the elites will pay the price. plain crazy has been a smart strategy, and the country focuses too little on understanding what happens. europeans are putting a focus on climate change, and are meeting at at conference on climate change to look at innovative steps that cities can take. emma hay board is in the capital. cecil tend to a little piece of parisian paradise, green suppose is at a treatmentium the communal garden is on top of a shopping center near the isle tower -- eiffel tower. >> there's not a lot of suppose to grow things, this is an innovative idea. in some places tarmac and
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tiles are replaced by plant, tiles and soil. this is not a new trend. roofs on new commercial buildings will have to be partially green. the whole idea behind this is not just to make everything look nicers. it's to improve biodiversity and air quality. pollution can be a problem. the smog sometimes forces authorities to ban half the cars coming into the communities. green roofs is an inexpensive solution. >> translation: green roofs is important to develop, it improves quality of life. in paris we don't have much green space. it's interesting for biodiversity and there's an impact on pollution. we can capture dust particles of plants and some capture heavy metals. >> reporter: some believe the
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green roof law could and should have gone further. >> these fine particles are in no way helping in the industrial zones, it's completely ridiculous. >> reporter: as with any new seeds zone it will be a while before results are found. who said n.a.t.o. foreign ministers can't have fun? ♪ we are the world ♪ ♪ we are the children ♪ the foreign ministers sang "we are the world", while at a dinner in tuckey. the meeting had talks on i.s.i.l. libya, syria and ukraine. they are the children. that is it for this edition of jam al jazeera america news. "america tonight" is next. see you again in an hour. ♪ we are the world ♪
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♪ we are the world ♪ ♪ we are the ones who can make a brighter day ♪ ♪ so let's start giving ♪ ♪ we are saving our own lives ♪ ♪ it's true we are ...♪ on "america tonight" hundreds of thousands across the country ticketed to minor offenses are sentenced to probation managed by private companies. it's a vicious cycle of fine fees and gaol time. also tonight - never before had the air force put a new fighter bomber at a commercial airport. they do