and these gardens produce packets of paradise on the roof tops of paris. ♪ ♪ baburundi's president says he's back in the country following an attempted coup by the arm. his office tweeted he will address the nation later on friday but the situation remains precarious the military is divided and gunfire and explosions heard across the capital. our correspondent malcolm webb reports. >> reporter: the sounds of begun fire in burundi's capital. the streets are deserted. during a lull in the fighting, some residents seize the opportunity to run for safety. approximate trying to escape the violence, similar scenes play out as rival groups of soldiers fight for control. weeks of protests have now turned in to gun battles on the
streets after senior military officer announced the dismissal of the president from offense. on thursday he took to twitter aging people to remain calm in the face of what is going on. there is fighting but the violence is drawing international concern. >> the secretary general you are gentsly calls on all party to his exercise calm and restraint. he reminds all leaders of the need to provide peace and stability in a country that has suffered so grieve plus i from previous bounce of violence. >> reporter: attempted overthrow has failed. it's still not clear if this attempt at the time coup has been successful or not. malcolm webb, al jazerra burundi. simon adams is the executive director for the global center for the responsibilities to protect. he says burundi is at a crucial juncture. >> i think it's a very dangerous
days ahead for burundi and it appears, of course, that the attempted coup which was launched yesterday has appears to have failed. and the whole question is what happens next. if it is true that the coup has failed or even if it hasn't succeeded it's incredible incredibly important for them to insure that the country steps back from the precipice in the past, unconstitutional changes in burundi, whether they are successful coup or a failed coup have led to sustained political and he had lick violence and nobody wants to see that again. >> iran's nuclear active is were atop of the agenda at the gulf leaders and the u.s. president at camp david in maryland. barack obama reassured gulf nations that a nuclear deal with iran is in their security interests. our white house correspond intimate patty culhane takes a look at what happens. >> reporter: this is only the
second time the president has rolled out camp david for world leaders an attempt to september the message that they matter to the united states. his goal here to convince them a potential deal with iran over its nuclear program say good thing and they don't need to worry. >> i am reaffirming our iron clad commitment for the security of our gulf partners as we have declared in our joint statement the united states has prepared to work jointly with did. cc member states to confront an external front to any gcc states many country have his made it clear they are more worried that by lifting sanctions iran will have more money to help the groups in yemen and syria. one of the president's top aids admitted that is a possibility. >> we believe again what we would expect to see is a prioritization of iran's economic situation with respect to sanctions relief. that doesn't mean there won't be some revenue use today iran's
security purposes. >> reporter: at the end of the meeting the amir of qatar expressed optimism about a potential deal. >> translator: i am here to say that the g.c.c. welcomes in agreement agreement and we hope at the same time that will be a key factor for stability in the regis. >> reporter: the foreign minister of saudi arabia was less less enthusiastic. >> it would be too early to prejudge whether or not what we accept what, we don't accept because we haven't seen the final detail. yet i think it's still being negotiated. >> reporter: the foreign minister went onto say it wasn't a negotiation but widely believed the g.c.c. countries were looking for a stronger defense treaty and better weapon. the u.s. says it will speed up the process but they are not saying what exactly that will be but will help them build a missile defense shield. will it be enough? >> i think he'll probably go away with
continuing doubts about the nuclear agreement and continuing doubts about what he's willing to do to help them face iranian-backed militias on the ground in the arab world. >> reporter: they promise today meet again next year to make sure these are not just words but that the promises made in this serene setting have been kept in the places that are anything but. patty culhane, al jazerra camp david, maryland. the leader of the us let's i can state of iraq and the levant has apparently leased an audio message urging muslims armed the world to join his group. if confirmed it would be the first message from him since reports that he was injured in an air strike in march. experts say the voice appears to be his but that is yet to be verified. yemen's government in exile in saudi arabia has recalled from iran, blaming teheran for interfering in its domestic affairs. a shaky ceasefire between the
saudi-led coalition and yemen's warring factions has been in place since tuesday, from the saudi capital we have a report. >> reporter: these are the streets of yemen's capital sanaa sanaa. there is a ceasefire in place, an opportunity for yemenis to have been confined to their homes for weeks to go out and buy food. >> translator: thank god for the truce, we all those stuck abroad can return and we hope they will extends the truce and people will move quickly to provide food and fuel among other things. >> reporter: the united nations special envoy to yemen has wrapped up his first visit to country since he was appointed. they face the delicate task of urging all sides to stop fighting. across the border, here in the saudi capital riyadh. yemen's government in exile has set up an agency to distribute ada cross the country.
but it's a government that has almost no power on the ground. the minister of information, she says political talks are yemen's only chance to avoid an all-out civil war. >> now that we are in eye truce of a sort, we hope that eventually we talk. because a political discourse is what we are looking for. but that means that the houthis have to vendor their heavy arms and allow the government to do its job and to refrain from taking action in crimes against humanity. >> reporter: yemen's government is read president hadi and vice president. they will force -- they were forced out of power when the houthis took over the capital. the government is hoping to return as soon as fighting comes an end. but for the time being they say the houthis and the former president saleh should face
trial. >> translator: there have been systemic crimes against humanity committed bite houthis and saleh. organized units intentionally targeting civilians in aden, refugees fleeing their home is on boats. it is a crime. >> reporter: reconciliation in yemen may be a long way. weeks of fighting have deepened the divide between the country's feuding factions. yemen's main political factions are expected to meet here in riyadh in the coming days to form a new alliance against the houthis, and forces loyal to former president saleh. they hope to build international support for the nah lines that is likely to run the country in the near future. al jazerra riyadh. the u.s. has announced that it will host cuban officials next week for another round of talks on reestablishing diplomatic ties, they'll discuss reopening em embassies in havana
and washington, d.c. which have been close today 50 years. the u.s. says it hopes the embassy will promote its interests on the islands and increase engagement with the cuban people. the talks will be the first since the u.s. removed cuba from its state sponsors of terrorism last month. thaws of students are protesting against the government's education policies in several cities in chile. they want education to be free for everyone in the capital santiago police use water cannon and tear gas against the students. daniel that weimer reports. >> reporter: battle resumed between the chilean police and student demonstrators who have been calling for years for fundamental change to the education system. ante zago has seen several similar clashes. >> translator: what we are demanding is that education be take friend the municipalities and come directly from the national government so funding is done in a direct way. this means we insure the funding at the beginning of the year to
make sure edge indications a reality. >> reporter: several demonstrators were arrested and many were injured after the police opened fire with tear gas and water cannon. student groups have been saying for years the majority of pupils receive poor quality education while the wealthy elites sends their children to expensive private schools. president michelle admitted earlier this week that education was one of the major issues her government has not tackled adequately. she ordered a radical cabinet reshuffle. replacing nine ministers. but these protesters say they have been waiting long enough for reform to the education system. they want to see action now. al jazerra. much more do come here on al jazerra. a major japanese island with its own distinct culture seeking a greater say in its future.
♪ ♪ hello there, women come back, you are watching al jazerra our top stories right now the. burundi's president says he's back in the country following an attempted coup by the army. his office says he will address the nation later on friday. but the situation remains precarious the military is divided and gunfire and explosions have been heard across the capital.
iran's nuclear activities top of the agenda in maryland. president obama thought to reassure them that a nuclear deal with iran is in their security interests. about 150,000 students and teachers have been marching in chile's capital demanding free public education police tried to break up the crowds in santiago by firing tear gas. a boat believed to be carrying around 800 rohingya migrants have arrived in indonesia i can't and it's believed that it may be one of two boats turned away by malaysia on thursday. thousands of rohingya a sigh leam seekers have been fleeing myanmar and bangladesh. >> reporter: 10-year-old mohamed and his eight-year-old sister spent two months on a boat. they were hoping to reach malaysia where their father had fled because of ethnic lens in
myanmar, the two kids were among hounds of people packed on the boat. they say they had to pay smugglers to get them out of myanmar after soldiers arrested their mother. >> translator: our boat had no fuel and we ran out of food. not only me but everybody was crying and praying to find any stretch of land and god heard our prayers. >> reporter: the land they found was indonesia, a they survived the journey but their tears are still flowing. many are suffering from illnesses and they are very worried about those they have left behind and those still out there at the sea. >> translator: please can someone in the world give us our human rights, our families are still in myanmar and we have no information about them. we are very worried. >> reporter: the asylum seekers tell us they left myanmar with seven boats. one had to be towed after it ran out of fuel of but that boat and three others are still missing. the u.n. high commissioner for refrefugeesing they are among
thousands of refugees facing dire conditions at zeek. they are totally exhausted and many are ill. but they are happy to be alive. these row mean ga made it ashore after a horrific journey at sea. but the fate of many others is still unknown. and time is running out for the international community to rescue them. the government of malaysia and indonesia say they will sends away boats with rohingya entering their waters. the unrh is making a desperate plea for country to his help. >> the time has past. from what we are understanding from the reports we are getting these people are in very desperate situations, and bad health conditions, we understand many have died at sea already. so there is no time to waste and we really call on the international community to really get out there and find these people and bring them ashore somewhere. >> reporter: the rohingya asylum seekers will most likely spend months if not years here in indonesia. so far hardly any rohingya have been accepted by countries not
even those which assigned the u.n. convention for refugees this. could mean it will be a long time before mohamed and his sister will be reunited with their father. step vaessen, al jazerra a. a boat crammed with around 380 people has been found drifting off the southern coast of sty ty land, migrants say several people have died. and that they ran out of rice and water several days ago. the thai navy has been dropping food parcel to his them but the government is refusing to allow them to go ashore, migrants say they were a abandoned by people traffickers who arranged their journey to thailand. veronica joins us from now the thai capital. what will happen to these people now? >> reporter: well, from what we gather is about nine hours ago they were released, as it were, pushed away by the thai navy. off the coast.
i have pictures that we can show you now of that actually happening. as you mentioned, they were provided with food and fuel. they were desperate. they said 10 people had died on the boat that their bodies were simply thrown overboard. it's not clear where they are to go because the indonesian navy say they will push any boats they find away as has the malaysian navy. however, in the last few minutes, we have also learned that a couple of smaller boats carrying 60 to 80 people have arrived in the area in southern thailand and that they are being take then and processed to find out which come from myanmar which come from bangladesh. and the issue you as has will been there are mentioned is myanmar does not recognize them as citizens, they are stateless. >> the exodus from refugees from myanmar and bangladesh isn't just affecting thailand, also
malaysia and i want neesha. the u.n. is calling for southeast asian government to his do more to help these people people. but any sign that they will do so or is it falling on deaf ears? >> reporter: as things stands, there is there is no in where save for the rohingya muslim to his myanmar to lands. they put their lives in to the hands of brokers who in turn pass them onto traffickers to try to get them ultimately to malaysia. they are no being denied transit in thailand. because thailand is cracking down on human trafficking or people smuggling. that means there is literally nowhere safe to land. and the united nations has said that there may be as many as 8,000 people out there in boats of various sizes. this is a situation that has been brewing for years in fact, we are just seeing unprecedented
numbers at the moment as tension rises politically in myanmar and, in fact in the last few hours we have had reports from the myanmar capital the presidential office officials has said that it is unlikely that myanmar will attend a summit that that has been called by thailand here in bangkok to try to address the situation comprehensively across the region. they want to look at the causes and the mechanisms and the consequences of ma is going on. that myanmar is saying, no, this is a human trafficking problem these people are not refugees. the up shot of it however, is that people are dieing out at sea and not being rescued, they are simply being pushed back. one possible sign of the way the people rather than the governments in southeast asia feel is that we have heard in the last few howard that a boat
of 800 people pushed out by the indonesian navy was in fact fouled by just ordinary indonesian fishermen. who took it upon themselves to take the human tracking victims put them on their boat and bring them in to hands and they are as they all are in desperate situations terribly hung are you and their health is suffering. >> thank you very much for bringing us up-to-date with those developments, veronica pedestrian roast alivepedroza. >> reporter: live from bangkok. 300 children soldiers released. part of a u.n.-backed peace deal hoping to bring an end to more than two years of conflict. caroline malone reports. >> reporter: once fighters in the central african republic, these children have now been released from the so-called michiganmilitia, the leaders signed a u.n. brokered peace deal in the
capital last week. among the child soldiers, a girl who joined three years ago when she was only 13 years old. >> translator: i want to thank the people who took us and brought us here. because we don't want to stay in the army. it's too hard. >> reporter: they have survived in remote areas where food was hard to get. and many of them now just want to return home. >> translator: i will give up the child soldier work so that i can find something else, go back to my neighborhood buying and selling things, and keep that as my only occupation, i don't need the army. >> reporter: uncief has been part of the mission to help release these child fighters. >> in the process such as these children today they will receive medical examinations, they will be in the hands of social workers, trained professionals with skills in working with children who have been through a traumatic experiences.
>> reporter: the groups have been fighting each other in the c.a.r. since march 2013. thousands of people have been killed and more than a million people displaced trying to escape the vie excellence, that's a harsh reality for anyone to live n let alone a teenager. >> translator: nobody forced me to go in to the army, it's because of the problems we had in our country. that's why we joined the army. i also wanted peace, i want peace for the central african republic. >> reporter: there are more than 6,000 other children still working as soldiers. sex slaves, cooks or messengers for fighting groups in the c.a.r. efforts are being made to release them all but for now the freedom of these children from the horrors are war is a cause for celebration caroline malone, al jazerra. 43 years ago the united states handed the southern islands of okinawa back to japan having controlled them since world war two.
there are growing calls for independence from the mainlands harry fawcett traveled to the main land and sent us this report. >> reporter: scattered around a garden frozen moments charging the violent history of okinawa. the end of world war ii and the land seizures that followed as the u.s. military took over. but sculptor's real anger is directed at the january japanese rulers at the time. >> translator: they called us surprise if we used our own language we have to wear a disgrace tag but that's our culture and our identity. >> reporter: the united states handed okinawa back to japan in 1972. even now a fifth of the main island is occupied by u.s. bases. private family tombs cut off behind fill marry fences serve as reminders of what was lost. many from okinawa put the responsibility for this loss of land not just on the u.s. military but also on japan some feel the time has come to break ties with both washington and
tokyo. he leads a movement of academics and activists charging a route via a referendum to independence for okinawa. a 2011 pole suggests that 20% wanted either greater autonomy or independence. but support has grown since. >> two, three years ago independence was like, you know, big dream. or unrealistic dream. but now it's get, you know, realistic. >> reporter: for it's its opponents there is a fear that u.s. and japanese could be replaced by china. the students involved asked us not to use their real names a discussion about the heroism and grace of japanese soldiers in world war ii. no support here for independence. >> translator: since joining this group i have realized you have to think about japan's
national security and it is evident that okinawa is geographically very important. >> reporter: a long-time defender of okinawa's distinct culture, but he has little time for either independence activists orem prior-tinges national assists. >> i don't think like that. okinawa is a part of japan and can be a place where people can find that they miss in and reach in their hearts. >> reporter: if he's not fighting for territory he is fighting for language. >> the key to the okinawa identity. that needs to be revived and passed on so the next generation can truly call themselves okinawa. harry facet, al jazerra okinawa, japan.
now most people can only dream of having a garden in the sky. but in france it's now members torre for some new buildings to have a green roof top. it's part of a new law aimed at improving air quality and cutting energy use. emma hayward reports from paris. >> reporter: cecile tends to a little piece of paradise, green space is at a premium here and this communal garden is top of a shopping center not far from the eiffel tower. >> translator: there are no spaces in paris to grow things so roofs offer a really interesting area to do things. and it's all part of the debate on how to stop global warming. >> reporter: and in some parts of paris. tarmac and tiles are being replaced by grass plants, flower and soil, this isn't just a growing trend under a new law, all roof on his new commercial buildings and industrial areas in france will have to be partially green. the whole idea behind this isn't just to make everything look
that bit nicer. it's to try to improve biodiversity and air quality too. and pollution can be a problem in paris. the smog sometimes forces the authorities to ban half of cars from coming in to the city. green roofs are being sold as one fairly inexpensive solution. >> translator: green roofs are important to develop because they improve our quality of life. because in paris we don't have much green space compared to other european capitals. it's also really interesting for biodiversity. and there is a real impact on pollution. we can capture dust particles of plants and some plants everybody capture heavy metals. >> reporter: some believe this green roof law could and should have gone further. >> translator: these fine particles are in no way absorbed by a few green roofs on a few commercial buildings in industrial zones it's completely ridiculous. >> reporter: as with any new seeds that are sewn it may be
some seasons before the full results of this new law are known, emma pay ward, al jazerra, in paris. for another look at all of the latest news, you can always go to our website. aljazerra.com. i'll "ali velshi on target" money or justice, the millions spent, and the judges taking cash legally to get elected to the bench plus, cops for hire - badge, gun and all. but at what cost from traffic court to the supreme court you might think that the best way to address a judge is to call