tv Weekend News Al Jazeera June 1, 2015 1:00am-1:31am EDT
♪ a controversial law that allows the u.s. government to collect bulk phone data expires without new legislation to replace it. ♪ hello, and welcome to al jazeera live from our headquarters in doha. also coming up in the next 30 minutes, china introduces its toughest anti-smoking laws yet in hopes of encouraging millions of smokers to kick the habit. malaysia airlines plans a major purge after two disasters last year, plus: >> in south bangladesh where
the effects of climate change are causing the country's islands to disappear. the u.s. senate has allowed a controversial provision of the patriot act to expire. the bush and obama administrations interpreted section 215 of the act as allowing for the collection of the phone records of most americans but a federal court found that to be illegal. the obama administration had hoped a reformed law could be passed before it expired. one senator stood in the way. a report. >> i object. >> senator rand paul is running for the republican presidential nomination so it was unlikely he would back down on his plan to allow section 215 of the patriot act to expire on sunday. >> it's the tip of the iceberg what we are talking about here and realize that they were
dishonest about the program until we caught them. they kept saying over and over again, we are not doing this. we are not collecting your records, and they were. >> but he went further preventing u.s.a. freedom act from pass can in the senate t has passed in the house of representatives. president obama could have signed it into law on sunday night. it allows the government a few more months of last-minute data collection while a new system is prepared leaving the records in the hands of the telecommunications companies, the government being allowed to file court orders secret court orders for any information it feels it needs. however, there will be more oversight over the process. but rand paul and civil liberty liberties groups argued it contained provisions that represented an unacceptable intrusion into american privacy. early on sunday, the administration aallowed if it was allowed to expire without an alternative being passed t could be a blow to terrorism.
>> do you think terrorist elements will take advantage of thfrnlths i think they have watched what has happened. >> the problem is several federal inquiries has found it has not contributed to counterterrorism operations in any meaningful way. the government has plenty of other ways to keep collecting the data of americans. >> there are other parts that can be used to pick up on some of the losses they might have under section 215. they also have another device called national security letters, which they can use to get some of this information, and there are all kind of other programs we don't know about. >> reporter: the government's ability to spy on its citizens remains largely intact. a version of the freedom act may pass later in the week. further debate may be needed in the house. in previous years, 215 passed with barely any debate at all but since the leaks from national computer agency whistleblower edward snowden, all of that has changed. it should be noted none of this
scrutiny will have any impact on the u.s.s. mass surveillance of the rest of the world's communes indications as revealed by snowden. >> cindy carnes explained how the freedom act will affect america's surveillance practices. >> the u.s.a. freedom act will limit the kinds of telephone record surveillance that the nsa can do. it will shift in the from the bulk collection of telephone records of americans by the nsa into a situation where the nsa has to go to the fisa court, the secret court, and get individuals orders for something called the specific election terms. so the wholesale bulk collection stop under u.s.a. freedom, but the size of what they can query under this new standard is something that people are having
differences about and we are going to have to try to keep some transparency into what the nsa is doing to make sure that they are really limiting their kwlekss under this new regime. section 702 of the fisa and amendments acts expires next year and they will be working hard to try to get reform on that, as well. most of the surveillance that happens overseas happens not pursuant to a law but pursuant to an executive order, executive order 12333, and we also and people around the world are putting pressure on the u.s. to shift its position on 1233 where it essentially takes the position people abroad don't have any privacy rights that the u.s. has to pay attention to. but that's something that the focus on that is i think, rightfully on the administration, itself because congress isn't -- this isn't a legislative problem. it's an executive order problem. >> to iraq where isil has
launched attacks on government forces in anbar province they detonated barcar bombs killing 13 soldiers. iraq's military responders with airstrikes released these images which it says shows isil fighters preparing for an attack. the u.s. conducted its own airstrikes. 13 were carried out with the approval of the iraqi government. now, saudi arabia says efforts are being made to find a political solution to the crisis in yemen. the saudiphon minister says there will be u.n.-backed talks in geneva but no date has been set. the current talks are taking place in oman. osama bin jays javi reports. >> running out of safe places.
this is a congested stronghold of pro-government tribes fighting against forces loyal to the president. they say they targeted serial neighborhoods with rockets and tank fire. some believe they are being furnished for taking part in the uprising which resulted in president sali stepping down in 2011. here in the doanesly populated neighborhoods they have continued for weeks. civilians are dying. supplies and food are running short. the tighting means aid can't be delivered. it's not just the fight for control on the ground. saudi saudi-led airstrikes are targeting areas under houthi control. coalition plains have targeted areas in mali and sanaa. this is what remains of what was once a football stadium. >> the first strike at the gate near the swimming pool and a second and third in another building and a fourth which led
the residents to flee the area entirely. amnesty international says anti-aircraft weapons used by the houthis are causing most of the casualties in the capital, sanaa. it says the saudi-led coalition is contributing to casualties while bombing weapons depots me they were civilian areas. there are reports of talks in oman. reiad is hoping the united nations can negotiate a solution. >> there are now efforts to return to the negotiation table in order to find a solution for the situation in yemen on the basis that after the meeting in ryad there are the meetings in geneva, which are being arranged. there is discussion between the united nations and legitimate yemeni government about setting a date for this. powerful groups continue their battle for control. civilians can do nothing but watch their country be torn
apart. al jazeera. scott land extended a former travel ban on the taliban 5. they were released from the u.s.-run detention center and sent to qatar last year. they were freedom in exchange for sergeant bowberg bergdalh. >> urgea call comes after more than a month of violent unrest. at least 30 people have been killed and demonstrations after akunuziza said he was standing for a third time. he isn't meeting with african leaders. more from borjunbora. >> african leaders feel some
feel they weren't tough enough on him. they urged him to delay the eless a month and a half you had him to opposition members of vict i'mizing them. the presidency denies this. he has been urged by all sides to meet and agree to a dialogue. find a peaceful solution out of this crisis. how is the opposition reooktd? some say they are not happy. they say delaying polls was not the issue. the international community, african leaders are prolonging a crisis saying the issue was they didn't want him to run for a third term because it violates the constitution. they say they will go back on the streets and protest monday despite there being a helpful security presence on the ground. >> european leaders have reacted angrily to russia's decision to impose travel bans on 8 nigh event u leaders and military officials. russia says it is responding to
sanctions from last year. simon and mcgregor wood has more. >> reporter: the eu is calling it arbitrary and unjustified. the 89 are from over a dozen eu countries. some, high profile. others less so like uway uway kisipius soon to be foreign policy maker to angela merkel. >> at a time when we are trying to diffuse a persist ant and dangerous conflict in the middle of europe this does not contribute towards that. >> nine brazen including nick klegg who used to be deputy prime minister and a former belgium primaryblogger. anna maria karutza-built? >> we are on this list because we speak our minds, because we express our opinion. it's called freedom of expression and democracy. it's a huge difference.
they list not much of it at all. >> russia's ban on these means is a cold war style re'til ation and extents from the eu's holding responsible for de destabilizing eastern ukraine. some noticed the russian concentraits on eu states vocal in their criticism of moscow and could be an attempt by the russians to exploit internal differences. >> to put it in a nutshell by looking at this, you may draw on a map, you will see the map of france and russia's appointment inside the european union. it's very selective actuallily. >> tensions in eastern ukraine remain high. sporadic shelling and russia is conducting large-scale exercise os ukraine's border again. the minsk agreement, meant to separate forces and start peace
talks is still not implemented and both ukrainian and western officials fear russia and its ukrainian alleys are gearing up for another rounding fighting. russia admits there is another list of u.s. officials but that has yet to be published. simon mcgregor wood al jazeera, london. >> still ahead in the bulletin thousands of people marched to remember one of the worst massacres of the boys kneeian war. >> left to fend for herself, while mexico's elderly are spending out their lives in poverty and isolation. ♪ ♪
good to have you with us. these are the top stories on al jazeera. the controversial mass surveillance program in the united states is expiring. citizens held a rare sunday session that failed to replace a law that replaced parts of the patriot agent. this means the government no longer has authority to collect people's private phone data. airstrikes in anbar province as isil kills more than 33 government soldiers. the fighters detonated eight car bombs near the headquarters in fallujah. east african leaders are urging burundi's president to delay next month was elections. 30 people have been dmild protests after announced he was standing for a third term. >> china is pushing ahead with a
plan to stub out smoking in public places in its capitol. anyone caught lighting up in a public area in beijing will be fined $30 up from two, a nationwide ban on public smoking was in place but was widely ignored. so a tougher law was pastno last november an attempt to discourage 300 million smokers across china. more than a million die from smoking-related illnesses every year. let's go to adrian brown from beijing, the toughest anti-smoking laws to date yet adrian. does it show that the chinese government is serious about curbing smoking? >> reporter: elizabeth, i think it does. i mean in the past as you point out, this has been something of a smoker's paradise but the banners behind me draped over the iconic birds' nest stadium here in beijing illustrate clearly those days are now very much in the past. now, the laws these
anti-smoking laws that have been introduced amongest the toughest ever introduced in china t comes about really as a result of pressure from a number of groups including the world health organization. i am joined by dr. angela pratt from the who. do you firstly think that the government is serious this time? because previous attempts to prevent, you know, smoking in public places have basically failed. >> yes i do think that the government is serious this time. you pointed to the bird nest behind us as illustration but this new law in beijing is a very tough law. it's the strongest law that we have seen in china and, in fact one of the toughest tobacco controlled laws in the asia pacific region. a couple of things that are important and different about this law this time tough fines for owners and managers of premises that don't comply. that's a big difference to
previously where there were weak fines only imposed on the individual smoker themselves. this is a tough law. no exemptions. no loopholes with tough penalties that create the right incentives for owners and managetories comply. >> why do you think the leadership maim the president of china, has got behind this campaign? >> because it's the right thing to do. i think there is an increasing awareness in china including amongest -- most important amongest the political leadership of how big a public health problem tobacco use is. 300 million smokers in china, around 4 million of those here in beijing. those are very big numbers which take a very big toll on the health system. >> the price of a packet of secrets in china is very cheap indeed. they are amongst the cheapest in the world. i think the average price is a dollar 50 compared to australia where a pack of cigarettes is more than $20. smokers don't have much insent
to quit? >> tobacco is cheap. it's become more affordable over time because the prices stayed the same but people's income's have increased. effectively people's buyer hour has increased over time. we have, however, seen some movement on this type of the government announced a tax increase just a few weeks ago, a modest tax increase but an increase nonetheless and one that will be passed on to the retail price of cigarettes. there is a lot more to do in this area. you are absolutely right. therefore, ability is a big challenge but it is an area where seeing some progress on as well. >> dr. angela pratt, thank you very much as well. we are reminding that the tobacco isn china is huge. it generates about 10 percent of all government revenues. it's a reminder that the government cannot squeeze the tobacco industry too hard. elizabeth? >> athreeian, thank you very much for that.
that's our china correspondent adrian brown live from beijing there. now, malaysia airlines is set for a major overhaul. more than 7 ,000 jobs will be cut as the airline is restructured into a new company. the revamp follows two disasters involving planes last year and heavy financial losses. a report from hong kovenlth it's not the only airline forced to rethink its image in an increasingly competitive injury. >> reporter: a smaller fleet with a new look and new name, that's what it set to remefrming from the restructuring of the airlines. the expected cost is almost $2,000,000,000. the transformation will be painful. it's overhaul includes laying off about a third of its workforce. >> i think the only thing right now we have to do is to evaluate the mistakes or the areas that we have made -- errors that we have made because this is a very
complex industry root now. >> it involves the twin tragedies within the past fourteen months. analysts say the carrier has been ragging up losses for years. >> this restructuring is driven by busy impairtives. the need for it was demonstrated last year. it's the intensely competitive marketplace that forces airlines to under gone exercises of this keyed and position they for future growth. >> airlines around the world are having to re-assess operations to meet passenger demands. more people than ever are flying now. industry revenue has doubled in the past decade but much as that growth has been driven by low-cost airlines which now have 25% of the worldwide market. that's expected to get bigger. they are expanding at a faster rate than airlines. there are nearly 50 budget
airlines putting pressure on traditional carriers signature as central line athay pacific. attendance are planning to go on streak soo. the three issues we brought up right now are very basic ones which is the first one is about the new announce calculation. >> all airlines are treading a fine line betweenthane maintain strdz and making money. >> the international air traffic association says 2015 is said to be one of the most profitable years for airlines this century. while other carriers expect to make money, malaysia airlines is fighting for its life and hopes it's figures will bring back passenger frust. hong kong. >> thousands of people have marched to remember one of the worst massacres from the bosnian warm. every year people in the area mark the atrocity by wearing
white arm bans. no the 31st of may, one-third were ordered on mark their house with a white sheet. more than 3,000 people with were killed in the months that followed. major meeting on climate change is taking place in germany. tell gates are hoping to lay down the foundation for a gobble deal. the livelihoods of millions of people are at stake like the fisherman of brawla an eyeisland that's disappearing because of floods and riding sea levels. >> reporter: as long as he is in the water, nuria is just like the others. he drags his net and moves by intuition. there is a blind fisherman, a welcome relief from his troubles on land. the whole island isn't friendly toward people with disabilities. eyes hi land hope is disappearing fast.
he has had to move five times because his roads have been eroded by strong river currents. >> it's hugh milating. >> every time your home gets destroyed, you are left with nothing. if you need anything at all, you have to ask people for help. people are very kind to me but i already have to depend upon people because i am blind. to you i have to depend on them for housing, u tense ills bedding, everything. it's just too. >> the monsoon is away but a large storm approaches. on the front line of climate change they take shelter in a mosque. many others here say they have also lost their homes to the waves. half of po land's land has been eroded in the past 20 years. people like neru and his mother can't afford to move further inland. they live up existing on the edge. >> it takes three to four months to find a new pace to stu. we stay here for a month, there
for a month. we have to do anything and everything to get by. >> reporter: after a campaign by residents, a government set up erosion barriers two years ago to keep them safe but not all sections of the barrier are equally strong. hear at her house, this right here is the erosion barrier. there are no cement blocks and you can see that without that protection some of the sanned bags have already fallen apart. >> as the rainy season nears, neru neru and his mother worry not just about flooding. their concern even a high tide could one day sweep away the security they have al jazeera, pvment bang laladeshbangladesh. hundreds of people have marked in mexico city to support the country's military and federal security forces. this comes after thousands demonstrated on saturday' to mark eight months since 43
students accident happenaped. they say the police aren't telling the truth about what had to the students. staying in mexico the country is declining as many young people have abandoned no. side. the urban shift means many eltorly are left behind often in poverty and a report from southwestern mexico. >> reporter: 88 years old, francisco starts and ends her day, fending for herself. her only summers left looking for work which simple doesn't exist in her small village. >> translator: i am forced to provide the food because there is no one else but i can't go on. my foot hurts me and i am sick and weak. >> traditionally, the family xharz for the elderly at home. those of working age have been streaming out of the failing mexican countryside for years helping for the city or the u.s.
leaving the hold behind. >> i don't sleep at night thinking about my sick sister, where we will get the money and worry being my son. he has left and hasn't come back to me. what will happen if i die? i am already sick myself. >> government supporters ns francisco gets a state pension of $35 a month. not enough to cover her basic needs. in some regions, the problem is worse than in others. here in the tech area in northwest mexico many older people are living lives in poverty and isolation. paid elders are not in communication with their family members because they don't have cell phones. they don't have skiles. so they can't even express hair needs. so migration has been basicallying to their own devices without the family support they would have usually had. sglofrnling lee hanu gives out blankets clothes in the nextmex-tex
villages. they from expressing themselves. most importantly, they know they are not alone. ♪ >> i didn't go out to speak to people to make friends. i was just in my house. now, i am happy because i have people to chat to to laugh 1. >> mexico'sccrual population is growing older still. the average age of those working in the countryside is now 55. without more support from their families or the government, many are unlikely to enjoy their retirement. john hol marnings al-jazerra. you don't finally this bulletin completing a major achievement for most people. doing it at the i knowage of 92 is something really special. harriet thompson has become the oldest complete a mass. when she crossed the line in a race in san diego thomp son
started running at the age of 76. she has completed sixteen mountains to help raise money for cancer reseveral. she finished on sunday in 7 hours and 30 minutes and 36 seconds. much more kneesnews at aljazeera.com. ♪ ♪ ♪ >> hi, i'm sheila macvicar and this is "compass" where foreign policy is personal. there is nothing more personal than heroin addiction. moved out of the inner cities