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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  June 1, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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nding in a tropcal wind storm... >> ...can effect and surprise us... >> wow, these are amazing... >> techknow, where technology meets humanity! only on al jazeera america the white house hits out at what it calls an irresponsible lapse bite senate after controversial spy laws expire. ♪ hello, you are watching al jazerra. also on the program. malaysia airlines is to cut 6,000 jobs in a bid to survival after two fatal plane crashes. public smoking is banned in beijing as china introduces tough new laws to stamp out the habit. and. >> reporter: i am in south bangladesh where the affects of climate change are causing the
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country's islands to disappear. ♪ ♪ hello, u.s. laws that allow security services to spire spao*eu on american citizens have expired. the senate failed to pass legislation extending powers to monitor millions of telephone calls and e-mails. it's likely to be a temporary lapse, though and it won't spot america spying on the rest of the world but there has been an angry response from the white house, from washington. >> i object. >> reporter: senator rand ball is running for the republican presidential nomination and said it was unlikely he would back down on his pledge to allow 6215 of the patriot act to expire on sunday. >> it's the tip of the iceberg what we are talking about here, and realize that they were dishonest about the program until we caught them. they kept saying over and over again we are not doing this. we are not collecting your records.
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and they were. >> reporter: but went purchasing he preventing the usa freedom act from passing in the senate. it has already passed in the house of representatives so president obama could have signed it in to law on sunday night. it allows the government a few more months of mass bulk data collection while a new system prepared. leaving the records in the hands of telecommunications companies the government being allowed to file court orders secret court orders for any information it feels it needs. however, there will be moreover site over the process. but rand paul and civil liberties groups argued that the freedom act still contain provisions that related an unacceptable intrusion in to american privilege is a. earlier on sunday the administration warned if it was allow to expire out an alternative it would be a blow to counter terrorism efforts . >> these authorities are important. >> do you think terrorist elements will take advantage it have. >> i think they have watched very careful what is happened in
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the united states. >> reporter: the section 215 has not contributed to the counter terrorism operations in any meaning. way. and the government has plenty of other ways to keep collecting the data of americans. >> there are other wade to pick up the losses that they have under section 215. they have another device called national security letters that they can use to get some of this information and there are all kind of other programs we just don't even know about. >> reporter: the government's ability to spy on its citizens is intact. a version of the freedom act may pass later in the week but further debate may be needed in the house with no guarantee an agreement could be reached. in previous years it passed with barely any debate at all. but since the leaks from national security agency whistle blower edward snowden all that has changed. it should be noted that none of this congressional scrutiny will have any impact on the u.s.' expansive mass surveillance of the rest of the world's
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communications as also revealed by snowden, al jazerra washington. cindy cohen is the executive director of the electronic frontier foundation. she says it's unlikely to stop the u.s. from spying their citizens. >> the congress reined in the usa in 1978. so it's not entirely unprecedented but it's been a long time. it's just a tiny baby step. the usa freedom act which we expect the senate to vote on on tuesday will make some changes and frankly reinstitute some of the surveillance that is now going to be stopped. but even all of 215 is just a small chunk of what we have learned the nsa is doing that involves surveilling americans and indeed people armed around the world. it's a tiny baby step and very important think we are hoping it will be the first of many. >> privacy campaigners in the u.k. are demanding their
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government limit police access to private phone and e-mail records. a new report from big brother watch says police made more than 730,000 requests for data between 2012 and 2014. the report also says there were annual increases in requests from the police in each of those years. malaysia airlines new ceo says it is technically bankrupt. over 6,000 jobs are expected to go after years of poor performance and two plane disasters. but as divya report from hong kong, it's not the only airline forced to rethink its image in an increasingly competitive industry. >> reporter: a smaller fleet with a new look and a new name. that's what is set to emerge from the restructuring of malaysia airlines. the expected cost is almost $2 billion. the transformation will be painful. it's overhaul includes laying off about a third of its 20,000 workforce.
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>> i think the only thing right now that what we have to do is to evaluate the mistakes or the error that his we have made. because this is so very competitive industry right now. >> reporter: the changes follow the twin tragedies involving malaysia airlines aircraft within the past 14 months, but analysts say the carrier has been racking up losses for years. >> this restructuring is driven by business imperatives and the need for it was identified long before last year. so i wouldn't put too much direct connection, it's the intensity competitive marketplace that airlines operate in that forces them to you remembered go restructuring exercises of this kind to remain competitive and position for future growth. >> reporter: airlines arm the world are having to reassess their operation to his meet passenger demands more people than ever are flying nowadays, in fork industry revenue has doubled in the past decade. but much of that growth has been driven by low-cost airlines
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which now have 25% of the worldwide market and that's expected to get bigger as they are expanding at a much faster rate than major airlines. in the asia pacific region there are 50 budget airlines put being pressure on that dibble carriers such as hong kong's cafe. kava nounsed plans to cut pushes and the flight attendants are threatening to strike. >> we have three very basic issues the first is about the new allowance cal calculation. all airlines are tread ago i fine line between maintaining standards and making money. record low fuel prices have hemmed this year, 2015 is set to be one of the most profitable years for airlines this century. while other carriers expect to make mon malaysia airlines is fighting for its life and hopes its transformation will win back passenger trust. divya. al jazerra, hong kong.
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a new smoking ban has come in to force in china's capital beijing, anyone now caught lighting enough a public area will be fined $32. the only penalty was just $2, stricter laws introduced because a nationwide ban already in place was widely ignored. it will attempt to discourage 300 million smoke ears cross china. more than 1 million people die from smoking related illnesses there every year. adrian brown is in beijing. >> reporter: well, this is some of the toughest anti-smoking legislation ever introduced by a local government in china. and those fines you have just outlined really give a measure of how draw draconian these pressures are by chinese standards, $1,500 for the owner of a cafe bar or restaurant. who allows someone to smoke in his establishment. that is, you know, something that has never happened here before. the fines in the past have been very low. the other issue, of course, is
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enforcement. china has passed strong anti-smoking legislation before. it did so just before the olympic games. and you know, the problem was enforcement. and the question remains to be seen whether enforcement is going to be the issue you again this time. nearby here, we were filming in a local cafe where one of the patrons was quite clearly violating the new smoking ban. and then we were openly shown the door by the owner. so this gives you an early indication of whether the authorities are going to be able to comprehensively enforce this particular ban. i think it will be very tough but they are certainly up to what the world health organization believes is the right start. isil fighters say they have destroyed syria's infamous prison. this video can't be independently verified. but it claims to show the damaged compound at palmyra. thousands of syrian political prisoners were jailed there. and further south syrian rebels
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say the opposition-led town is being attacked on two front pro-assad air forces are reported to be coming it from the air while isil rebellings are advancing towards it. there is said to have been ref i heavy sven casualties. iraq says they lost over 2,000 vehicles when isil overran mosul last year. communications equipment weapons and uniforms were also taken. in an interview with state tv al-abadi rei rated the u.s. rei it's rated the need for the u.s. to sends more. some of the most intense fighting is in the city of taiz. >> reporter: yemeni civilians are running out of safe places. this is it. aiz a contested strong hold of pro-government tribes fighting
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against houthis and forces loyal toll former president sal that. houthis and their allies targeted several neighborhoods with rockets and tank fire some believe they are being punished in taking part of the uprising which resulted in president saleh stepping down in 2011. here in density populated neighbors it has continued for weeks and civilians are dieing, surprise and food are running short and the fighting means aid can't be delivered. saudi-led air strikes are also targeting areas under houthi control. coalition planes huh targed areas including the capital sanaa. this is what remains of what was once a football stadium. >> translator: we heard the first air strike at the gates nearal swimming pool and the second and third in another building and a fourth air strike which led the residents for flee the area entirely. >> reporter: amnesty
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international says antiaircraft weapons used bite houthis are causing most of casualties in the capital sanaa it also says the saudi-led coalition is contributing to civilian casualties by bombing weapons depots near residential areas. >> reporter: attempts to negotiate an end to the fight having so far failed. there are report of talks in oman. and are you ahead they are hoping the united nations can mediate a solution. >> translator: there are efforts to return to the negotiate table in order to find a solution for the situation in yemen. on the basis that after the meeting in riyadh there are the meetings in geneva which are being arranged and there is discussion between the united nationsnations and the legit natural yemeni government about setting a date for the meeting. >> reporter: but as powerful groups continue their battle for control, yemen civilians can do nothing but watch their country be torn apart. al jazerra. we are going to take a quick breakdown, but lots more still
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ahead on al jazerra. which we come back, we hear from our own al jazerra correspondent peter greste who talks about the retrial of his colleagues in egypt. plus. >> reporter: i am andrew simmons reporting from chernobyl where there is a funding crisis over this massive new structure that's meant to make this place safer.
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>> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the sound bites. we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making our world what it is. >> ray suarez hosts "inside story". only on al jazeera america. ♪ held going a reminder of the top stories on al jazerra. u.s. laws that all security services to spy on american citizens have expired. senate failed to pass legislatn extending powers to
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monitor millions of telephone calls in e-mails. the man brought in to save the struggling malaysia airline saysesssays it's technically bankrupt. new ceo is consulting over 2,000 jobs. smoking in beijing is now banned. the tougher regulations ban lighting up in restaurants offices and public transport. thousands of inspectors will enforce the rulings. now, in egypt the retrial of two al jazerra journalists is expected to begin again with closing arguments being heard in a cairo court in the cases of mohamed fahmy and bahar mohamed. but it may be months before a verdict is reached andrew thomas sat down with al jazerra correspondent peter guest never australia to talk about the case. >> reporter: it's been four months sce peter greste was released from an egyptian jail and departed but his ordeal
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isn't comply over. technically, he's still on trial. >> we all thought that once i was released that i would be taken off the case, that would be the en of it. but the at the first hearing of course the judge named me as a defendant. it was only the last hearing when the judge said that i had to appear or risk being declared inthen that, in you are in ab then gentleman you will be convicted. i can go back because i was ordered out by the president. but at the same time, the judge is demanding that i appear. the solution that i have got that i have come up with is the possibility of appearing by video link, we don't know yet whether the court will accept that. it would involve breaking new ground for the court. but if the first principle of the judicial system is to get to the truth of the matter, then i see this as a solution that might work and demonstrate to the court that i am not on the
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run. i am not a fugitive. >> what would conviction mean for you personally? >> the main concern is the attitude. at a personal level it would be extremely difficult. it would i can't go for any country that as an extradition treaty with egypt. it's a problemmer for the bigger issue. we were supported by millions of people literally millions around the world and they supported us partly because of our personal circumstances what we were going through at a personal level. but also because of what we came to represent. and that's freedom of speech issues. and so if we do get a conviction, even if it's on a simple technicality, it would be a repudiation of everything that those people fought for. >> do you harbor any blame towards al jazerra as a network for what has happened? >> al jazerra has some questions to answer and we need to look at the mistakes that were made a think although the way. inevitably there were mistakes. but it is egypt that arrested us. it was egypt, the egyptian authorities that accused us that
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made these allegations against us. and that's where we need to fight the case. >> right now, what is your focus professionally and personally? >> everything else in my life hinges on the outcome of this trial. and so we really -- it's all about keeping the attention keeping the right kind of pressure doing the right kind of work to make sure that the court understands that there is no evidence against us and that the own conclusion that t* can come to if it's following drew process is to acquit all of us, everyone involved in the case. east african leaders are urging burundi it happens president to delay june's elections. more than nineties thousand people have fled burundi because of violence ahead of the pollings. we have the latest from the capital. joining us live now from there. has the president responded to the calls for delay elections? >> reporter: well, the delegation he says is its way
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back bac andhey will brief m a then we are picring an announcement oppositionbers say the are disappointed but as yo can n protests, they ar today is a day for a time-out. they are allowin shops to open, market t opener couraging people t come on to the streets,uy whater food you need because on tuesday they say there will be a big protest because they are not happy with the outcome of the meeting in tanzania. they say it was never about delaying the elections for them it's about not wanting the president to run for a third term. which he still insists will happen. his government announce odds sunday that the issue you of a third term is no longer on the table to debate. it's over, as far as they are concerned, he is running for this third term when elections are held. >> reporting to us live. thanks for that. goodluck jonathan's p.d.p. party once dominated nigerian politics it had control of the presidency the parliament and most states. but yes yes power at
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almost every level. so are they ready to play their role as opposition. >> reporter: a party now trying to reinvent itself. after 16 years in power thigh year yaps former ruling party is adjusting to its new role in opposition. they have not only lost the presidency and par lamb, it also lost control of most seats in crucial state elections. some members of the party admitted they were not prepared for defeat or to play the role of the opposition. observers believe that is not healthy for the country's democracy. >> there is intra party crisis, if they don't check such crisis, i don't think they will be able to monitor control and check the new government that was elected recently. there could be the possibility of i a one-party state. i believe it will be undemocratic and it's uncontusional think. >> reporter: but the new opposition has stated that it's committed to assuming its new
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role and that will provide the country with a credible and responsible opposition. >> reporter: the task of rebuilding the pdp falls to the people who bank rolled the party. >> we will do our best like the p.d.p. has been doing in the last 16 years to keep the flag flying and to also compete favorably. and so optimistic that the party will be there. i am so positive that with proper planning, and restrategizing. >> reporter: nigeria's opposition has a challenging task ahead. observers hope it will play its part and keep democracy alive. a hope shared by many nigerians who voted for change in the last elections. al jazerra nigeria. all right, i want to show you some live pictures right now
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of the solar plane attempting to fly around the world without a drop of fuel. it is supposed to make an unscheduled stop because of bad weather. now, this is the plane in which the swiss pilot took off from china on sunday for hawaii on what is supposed to be the longest leg of this historic journey, but weather for now has got the better of his journey, and he's going to land in japan for now. we'll keep you updated on that, of course. now, delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in germany to discuss a global deal on the environment. everything from global warming to pesticides in farming is up for discussion. and as part of our special coverage we report from the bangladeshi island. >> reporter: as long as he's in the water, he is just like the
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others. he drags his nets and moves by intuition. for the blind fisherman it's a welcome relief from his trouble on his land. the island isn't exactly friendly toward people with disabilities. and his island home is also disappearing fast. he has had to move five times already because his homes have been eroded by strong river currents. >> translator: it's humiliating. every time your home gets destroyed by the river, you are left with nothing. if you need anything at all, you have to and people for help. and people are very kind to me. but i already have to depend on people because i am blind. now i have to depend on them for housing, for utensils, bedding everything it's just too. >> reporter: the monsoon is months away, by a large storm approaches. on the frontline of climate change the islanders take shelter in a mosque. many others here say they have also lost their homes to the waves. half of the land has been eroded
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away in the past 20 years. but people like he and his mother can't afford to move further in land, they end up living perpetually on the edge. >> translator: it takes three to four months to find a new place to stay each time the river takes our house away. we stay here for a month. there for a month. we have to do anything and everything to get by. >> reporter: after a campaign by residents the government set up erosion barriers two years ago to keep them safe. but not all sections of the barrier are equally strong. here at his house this right here is the erosion barrier. there are no cement blocks, and you can see that without that protection some of these sand bags have already fallen part. as the rainy season nears he and his mother worry not just about flooding, they are concerned that evening a high tied could one day sweep away the little security they have.
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al jazerra bangladesh. chernobyl in ukraine was the scene of the world's worse nuclear disaster back in 1986, now nearly 30 years on a new structure is being built to replace the aging concrete which encases the destroyed reactor but as andrew simmons reports money and time are running out. >> reporter: looming above a town where no one lives any morning a newark of-like structure now dominates the skyline. it's meant to offer fresh hope in the long wake of nuclear tragedy left by its next door neighbor reactor number four. but although the structure is heralded as a feat of engineering, it's missed several deadlines and still isn't tip finish the. you have to walk a good distance back to take in its enormity. this is the biggest movable structure on earth. eventually it will be maneuvered slow low rails to
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totally encase reactor number four, the question is, when that will happen. clings isn't the only issue a massive funding problem. the budget is colossal with it being such a complex and hazardous challenge. >> we have a huge amount of radioactive waste which we removed from this site because it was very dangerous. >> reporter: but the danger doesn't end there because there is no guarantee the concrete sarcophagus built by the sewed soviets to box in reactor number four's dangerous contests will work. >> the longer the sarcophagus exists the higher the chance it will collapse. its lifetime was only meant to be 25 years. that's already past. the engineers can't guarantee its stability anymore.
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>> reporter: it's likely that anyone doubting the urgency of this situation would change their view with a walk around the nearby town. this used to be a school in one of many areas evacuated. like the rest of the town, it's abandoned. 50,000 people had lived here. now it's the center of a nuclear exclusion zone. it all happened in a few minutes. one explosion. then three decades as one of the world's most contaminated places. there isn't an end in sight. with no one sure how many lives were taken by chernobyl. more than 4,000 documented cases of terminal illness with thousands more suspected. it's a town frozen in time. where an amusements park was about to open. no one got to use it. 29 years on, it's spring and taking over everywhere trees in bud that look like the only
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living things. there is stillness and silence. andrew simmons, al jazerra inside the chernobyl exclusion zone. australia's political opposition has proposed a law that would recognize same-sex marriages. the labor party leader bill shorten is the first lead are of on i major political party to back a bill to overturn the ban on game marriage, thousands in sydney held a rally in support of game marriage. brazilian football legend pay slay in havana to kickoff a new era in sporting relations between the u.s. and cuba. pele's former team the new york cosmos will play a friendly against cuba's national team on tuesday. they will be the first american team in 16 years to play in the communist-ruled island. the u.s. removed cuba from its list of state sponsors of terrorism earlier this week. >> translator: i always offer
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myself for moments of peace. moments of brotherhood. and once more, we are here with sock tore create peace and happiness for the people. and as always, there is lots more on our website aljazerra.com. plenty of news, analysis, and perspective. aljazerra.com. >> it's christmas eve and u.s. soldiers are preparing for their last month in afghanistan. about 40,000 are still here. by the end of the year there will be just 8,000.

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