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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  June 1, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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only on al jazeera america >> part of our month long look at working in america. "hard earned". ♪ the white house hits out on what it calls an irresponsible lapse by the senate after controversial spy laws expire. ♪ hello, you are watching al jazeera, also on the program malaysia airlines cut 6,000 jobs in a bit for survival after two fatal plane crashes. public smoking is ban in beijing as china introduces tough new laws to stamp out the habit. and we report on fears that cuba's organic revolution could
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be threatened by competition from u.s. agricultural. ♪ more on those stories in just a moment but first we have got breaking news coming out of iraq to tell you about, a suicide attack has taken place just north of fallujah and many people are dead and we are live from baghdad with the latest on what more do we know about this? >> reporter: we know this took place at 3:00 a.m. local up by the lake which is north of anbar province at a military base used by iraqi federal police forces. and it was said to be a humvee american made carrier and this is i.s.i.l. and they stole a number of the humvees with devastating effects with abadi
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saying there were 300 of these vehicles that have been stolen and have been used and the reason they use them as suicide car bombs is because of their protection and they are armored and iraqi hardware has these and we are seeing more and more of these car bombs and i.s.i.l. has not claimed responsibility for the attack but we have seen them use this type of tactic before. >> all right, for the moment reporting to us there from baghdad on the latest attack north of fallujah that has killed a number of iraqi soldiers. now, u.s. laws that allow security services to spy on american citizens have expired. the senate failed to pass
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legislation extending powers to monitor millions of telephone calls and e-mails and it's a temporary lapse and will not stop america from spying on the rest of the world but there has been an angry response from the white house and we explain. >> i object. >> senator rand paul is running for the republican presidential nomination and unlikely to back down on section 215 of the patriot act to expire at midnight on sunday. >> it's the tip of the iceberg we are talking about here and realize they were dishonest about the program until we caught them. they kept saying over and over again we are not doing this we are not collecting your records and they were. >> reporter: but went further from having it pass in the house but passed in the representatives and president obama could have signed it in law sunday night and allows the government mass data collection while a new system is prepared leaving the records in the hands
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of the telecommunications companies and the government being allowed to file secret court orders for information it feels it needs but will be more oversight over the process. they argue the usa freedom act still contain measures that has unacceptable intrusion into privacy and said if 215 was allowed to expire without alternative being passed it would be a blow to counter terrorism efforts. >> these efforts are important. >> do you think that terrorist elements will take advantage of this? >> i think they watched very carefully of what happens in the united states. >> reporter: several inquiries found section 215 has not contributed to antiterrorism in any way and they have other ways to collect data of americans. >> there are other parts of the patriot act that can be used to pick up on some of the losses that might have under section 215 and also have another device
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called national security letters which they can use to get some of this information and there are all kinds of programs we don't know about. >> reporter: the government ability to spy on its citizens remains largely intact and it may pass later in the week but further debate may be needed in the house with no guaranty an agreement will be reached. in previous years 215 passed without any debate at all but since leaks from whistleblower edward snowden all has changed and none of the congressional scrutiny will have an impact on the u.s. surveillance on the rest of the world's communication also revealed by snowden, al jazeera, washington. a privacy campaign is in the uk and demanding their government limit police access to private, phone and e-mail records. a new report from big brother watch said police made 730,000 requests for data between
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2012-2014. the report also says there were annual requests from police in each of those years. now saudi-led coalition planes hit targets across yemen and some of the intense fighting is in the city of thai and we report. >> reporter: yemen civilians are running out of safe places. this is thai a stronghold of pro-government tribes fighting against houthis and forces loyal to the president saleh and targeted several neighborhoods with rockets and gunfire and what resulted in president saleh stepping down in 2011. in densely populated neighborhoods continued for weeks and civilians are dying and supplies and food are running short and fighting means aid cannot be delivered.
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it's not just a fight for control on the ground. saudi-led air strikes are also targeting areas under houthi control and coalition planes targeted areas including the capitol sanaa. this is what remains of what was once a football stadium. >> translator: the first day of the strike was at the swimming pool and a third and fourth and another one had residents leave the area entirely. >> reporter: antiaircraft weapons used by houthis are causing most of the casualties in the capitol sanaa and also said the saudi-led coalition are contributing to casualties with depos in residential areas. there are reports of talks and riyadh is homing the u.n. can have a political solution. >> translator: there are no efforts to return to the negotiation table in order to find a solution for the
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situation in yemen on the bases that after the meeting in riyadh there are meetings in geneva which are being arranged and there is discussion between the united nations and the legitimate yemen government about setting a face for this meeting. >> reporter: and groups battle for control and yemen civilians can do nothing but watch their country being torn apart. al jazeera. i.s.i.l. fighters say they destroyed syria's prison. this video can't be independently verified but claims to show the damaged compound at palmyra and thousands of political prisoners were jailed there and further south the opposition-led town is being attacked on two fronts pro-assad airforces are reports to be bombing it from the air while i.s.i.l. rebels are advancing to it and said to have been heavy civilian casualties.
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malaysia new ceo says it's technically bankrupt over 6,000 jobs are expected to go after years of poor performance and two plane disasters and as we report from hong kong it is not the only airline forced to rethink its image in an increasingly competitive industry. a smaller fleet with a new look and a new name that's what is said to emerge from restructuring of malaysia airlines and expected cost is almost $2 billion. the transformation will be painful. it's overhaul includes laying off about a third of its 20,000 workforce. >> i think the only thing right now what we have to do is to evaluate the mistakes or the errors we have made because this is a very competitive industry right now. >> reporter: changes follow the tragedies with malaysia aircraft within the past 14 months and analysts say the carrier has been wracking up losses for
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years. >> this restructuring is driven by business imperatives and the need for it was identified long before last year and i would not put too much direct connection it's the marketplace they have to operate in and forces airlines to under go reconstruction to be competitive and position themselves for future growth. >> reporter: airlines around the world reassess operation to meet passenger demands. more people than ever are flying now. in fact, industry revenue has doubled in the past decade but much of that growth has been driven by low-cost airlines which now have 25% of the worldwide market and that is expected to get bigger as they are expanding at a much faster rate than other airlines. there are nearly 50 budget airlines putting pressure on traditional carriers such as hong kong pacific and they are threatening to go on strike now after they announced plans to cut pay and perks.
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there is lots of complaints that the three issues we brought up now are very basic ones and the first one is about the new allowance calculation. >> reporter: all airlines are treading a fine line between maintaining standards and making money. record-low fuel prices have counseled this year and the traffic association said 2015 is said to be one of the most profitable ones for airlines this century and other carriers expect to make money malaysia airlines is fighting for its life and hoping to win back passenger trust, al jazeera, hong kong. a smoking ban has come in effect in china's capitol beijing and now anyone lighting up in a public area will be fined $32, the only penalty was $2 and stricter laws introduced because a nationwide ban on public smoking in place was widely ignored and it's an attempt to discourage 300 million smokers across china and
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one million die from smoking-related illnesses every year and we are in beijing. >> reporter: this is some of the toughest antismoking legislation introduced by government in china and the fines you just outlined really give a measure of how draconian and $1500 for the owner of a cafe bar or restaurant who allows someone to smoke in their establish, that is something that never happened before, the fines in the past have been very low. the other issue of course is enforcement. china has passed strong antismoking legislation before. it did so just before the olympic games and you know the problem was enforcement and the question remains to be seen whether enforcement is going to be the issue again this time. we were filming in a local cafe where one of the patrons was
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violating the smoking ban and shown the door by the owner and gives you an early indication whether the authorities will be able to enforce this particular ban. i think it's going to be very tough but they are certainly up to what the world health organization believes is the right start. >> stay with us here on al jazeera, we will take a quick break and when we come back we hear from our own al jazeera peter greste who talks about the retrial of his colleagues in egypt plus 88 years old and fending for herself and mexico elderly is seeing out their lives in poverty and isolation. ♪
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hello again and reminder of the top stoes on al jazeera, 42 iraqi security forc have been killed in a suicide attack north of fallujah and the car bomb w planted in an armored humvee vehicle and on sunday that attacked an army hq in the city. u.s. laws that allow security services to spy on american citizens expired and failed to pass legislation extending powers to monitor millions of telephone calls and mails. a man brought in to save struggling malaysia airlines says it's technically bankrupt and the new ceo is expected to cu more than 6,000 jobs after years of decline and two plane disaster. in egypt and trial of two al
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jazeera jrnalists will begin and closing arguments to be heard in a cairo court in the cases of fahmy and mohamed but it may be months before a verdict is reached and we sat with peter greste in australia to talk about the case. >> reporter: it has been four months since peter greste was released from an egyptian jail d deported but his ordeal is not completely over and technically he is still on trial. >> we all thought that once i was released that i would be taken off the case that would be the end of it but the first hearing of course the judge named me as a defendant. it was really at the last hearing when the judge formally id i had to appear or risk being declared formal and on egyptian rules if you are on trial then you automatically get a conviction. i clearly cannot go back because i was ordered out of the country by the president but at the same time the judge is demanding that
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i appear. the solution that i've got and we have come up with is the possibility of appearing by video link and we don't know if the court would accept that and it would involve breaking new ground for the court but if the first principle of the judicial system is to get to the truth of the matter then i see this as a solutionhat migh work and tell theourt i'm not on the run and not a fugitive. >> what wou convictnean foyou? >> o a personalevel a conviction would be incredibly difficult. it wld mean i cannot go to any country that has a extraditionn extradition with egypt and we wer supported by literally millions around the wod d supported us because of our personal circstances, what we were going through at a personal level and also becau of what we came to represent and that is freedom of speech issues and so if we do g a
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conviction, even i it's on a simple thnicality it would be repudiation of everything those people fought for. >> do you blame ajazeera as a neork for what happened? >> al jazeera has questions t answer. they need to look at inevitably it was miskes but it was egy that arresteds and egyptian authorities that made the allegations against us and that is where we need to fight the case. >> right now what is your focus professionally and personally? >> everything else in my life hinges on the outcome of this trial and so we really it's all about keeping the attention, keeping the right oppression and doing the right kind of work to make sure the court uerstands there no evince against u and the only concluont can come t if it's following due process is to acquit all of us, everyone involved in the case. >> reporter: the president zizi is going ahead wh june
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election dispute calls from neighbors for a delay and chose not to attend a summit in tanzia and more than 90,000 people have fled because o violee and harry has the latest fm the capitol capitol. rter: norotests on monday because opposion aders have told peopl monday is a time out. there ar people to ope the shops markets and told people on the streets doing what they need because on tuesday there will be a big protest and not happy with the outcome here and say they are for them is they do not want ziza to run for a third term and violates the law. >> control of the presidency and parliament and most states and elections saw them kicked out of power at almost every level is
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the pdp ready to play a role in the opposition and we report. >> reporter: a party now trying to reinvent itself, after 16 years in power, nigeria's form tear ruling party is adjusting to its new role in opposition and only lost the presidency and parliament and also lost control of most seats in crucial state elections and members of the party admitted they were not having defeat and observers believe that is not healthy for the country's democracy. >> inter party crisis and if they do not check such crisis they will not be able to krog ac control access and this is an all party state and believe you me will be undemocratic and unconstitutional. >> reporter: nigeria's new opposition said it is committed
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to assuming its new role and provide it with a credible party. the pdp falls to the powerful state governors who in the past bank rolled the party. >> we will do our best like pdp has been doing in the last 16 years to keep the flock flying and to also compete and so optimistic that the party will be there and so positive that with proper planning and strategizing. >> reporter: nigeria opposition has a challenging task ahead, observers hope it will play its part and keep democracy alive. a hope shared by many nigerians who voted for change in the last elections, mohamed davis, al jazeera, nigeria. thousands of people have
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marched through the bosnian town to remember a mass car from the balkin war and wear white arm bands, in 1992 they were ordered to wear white arm bands and mark their houses with a white sheet and more than 3,000 people were killed in the months that followed. >> translator: on the 25th of july 1992 my whole family was shot women and children. my two-year-old nephew, six-year-old daughter 12-year-old son, all my other nephews, my wife my mother 32 of my closest relatives were taken out from the family house and shot dead in front of it and their bodies were moved to an unknown location. delegates from 200 countries meeting in germany to discuss a global deal on the environment global warming to pesticides in farming is up for discussion and as part of our special coverage
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nick clark went to cuba to find out how socialist revolution led to an organic revolution. >> reporter: 56 raining seasons have come and gone and much has changed. back in the day when sugar was gold even the likes here would set an example for the workers in this lucrative industry. today in havana harbor the sugar ships bound for soviet union are gone and a system of big agriculture. on the outskirts of the capitol a farm organic supplying the community and artificial fertilizer are warms and processing it into plant food and barrier crops like marigolds and corn and it's not like the cuban government was like that with the government and agriculture and forced to be more sustainable because of the years of isolation because of the lack of resources. the severing of the supply line
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meant a culture had to be replaced by small multi crop farms and they were expert organic growers. he says it is a lesson the world can learn moving to sustainable methods of food production. >> translator: it's a myth that organic farming cannot feed the world and until years ago there were no chemicals and the time spent with humanity and farming is more labor intensive and we need to pay people to pay people and back to the countryside. >> sustainable approach blossomed and they come for the weekend and can feast on local organic food but there is a threat looming, on small family run farms it's tough to deliver decent crops and make a good living. >> translator: a lot of things we grow that is more productive
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if we had chemicals and maybe the quality wouldn't be the same but we lose a lot by not applying artificial fertilizers. >> reporter: diplomatic relations are changing as fast as the weather and open cuba will be renewed pesticides and fertilizer and will threaten the long time revolution nick clark, cuba. hundreds of people marched in mexico city marking eight months since 43 students disappeared in the state and family of those missing say police are not telling the truth about what happened to the students and calling for the creation of an independent body to take charge of searching for disappeared people. staying in mexico the country is declining and agricultural industry led many young people there to abandon the countryside with church of work in the cities and what about the people
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left behind and we report from southwestern mexico. >> reporter: 88 years old she starts and ends the day fending for herself, she is looking for work which simply doesn't exist in her small village. >> translator: i'm forced to provide the food because there is no one else but i cannot go on, my foot really hurts me and i'm sick and weak. >> reporter: traditionally in mexico the family cares for the elderly at home but those of working age have been streaming out of the failing mexican countryside for years and heading for the city or the u.s. and leaving the old behind. >> translator: i don't sleep at night sleeping about my sick sister and we get the money and my son has left and has not come back and what happens when i die, i am already sick myself. >> reporter: isolated rural
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areas and gets a state pension of $35 a month, not enough to cover her basic needs. in some region the problem is worse than others but here in this area in southwest mexico many older people are living out their lives in poverty and isolation. >> basically elders are not in communication with their family members because they don't have cell phones and do not have skype so they cannot express their needs so migration has left them basically to their own devices without the family support they usually would have. >> a local charity gives out blankets closed and food to tell der -- the elderly and has activities to get elders moving again and express themselves and most importantly they know they are not alone. >> translator: i didn't go out to speak to people to make friends, it was just in my house and now i'm happy because i have
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people to chat to to laugh with with. >> reporter: mexico's rural population is growing older still and the average age of those working the countryside is now 55 without more support from their families or the government many are not enjoying their retirement, mexico. brasilia futbol will kickoff a sporting relations between u.s. and cuba and will play a friendly against cuba national team on tuesday to be the first american sports team in 16 years to play in the communist rule and they were removed from state sponsor terrorism list earlier this week. >> translator: i offer a moment of peace, moment of brotherhood and we will collect peace and
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happiness for the people. as always there is a lot more on our website al and get the latest on all the stories we find and this is where we go our separate ways and viewers in the united states ali is on target but for everyone else we will round up with the headlines. i'm "ali velshi on target" tonight - hard choices for the world's soul superpower. three competing visions of american foreign policy, and a battle for breathing room in the bronx, targetting trucks to fight pollution in a poor neighbourhood in less than a year and a half the american people will elect a new president. that man or woman will play a critical role in describing america's responses or non-responses to a host of threats beyond our borders threats to peace, democracy and


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