tv Weekend News Al Jazeera June 7, 2015 10:00am-10:31am EDT
>> polls have just closed in turkey in an election being seen as a test of kurds political future. welcome, you're watching al jazeera live from doha. also coming up: >> thousands of migrants are rescued in the mediterranean sea. there are warnings that many more could come. >> world leaders meet in germany for the g7 summit, the greek debt crisis, isil and crane are set to top the agenda. plus: >> absolutely exciting, thrilling, like i love to do
things like this. >> we meet the female marines scaling new heights in the journey quality. >> voting in turkey's parliamentary elections has just ended. 56.6 million people are eligible to vote, choosing candidates from 550 seats. the ruling act party wants a big enough majority to change the constitution without challenge. the kurdish hdp party plans to hamper those plans. >> this is a crucial election and voters know it. the outcome could change politics in turkey. >> this election is the beginning of the salvation of turkey. god willing turkey will get a presidential system. >> inside the polling station some hope for change. >> i'm really excited.
this poll is important for me. i feel for the first time that results will bring us change. >> the ruling justice and development party is the front runner. it's won the past three general elections. now it's aiming for a super majority in the 550 seat parliament. >> their party wants to change the constitution to end the parliament govern system and replace it with a new government. if they get 330 seats they can put the constitution to a referendum. >> the people's democratic party could be the real game changer if it gets the required 10% threshold need to enter parliament, it would ruin a.k. party plans. its power is not entirely ruled
out. the prime minister said turkeys future is bright. >> today is a day of decision that will determine the country's fate. on a day like this, it's everyone's civic duty to vote with his or her own free will. i thank all of those who voted. whatever the will, it's a will that must be expected by everyone. >> turkey is polarized. if the presidency gets more towers it would turn into a totalitarian regime, say some. the president said turkey deserves a new constitution that's not written under a military coup. turkey has one of the higher voter turnout in the world. al jazeera istanbul. >> desperate people trying to get to europe continue to be
taken out of the mediterranean sea in their thousands. search and rescue teams from across european countries are scouring international waters between africa and europe. our correspondent hodor live for us on the italian island of sicily where many are taken. the numbers we're looking at here are huge p.m. how are the rescue operations going on? >> well, between saturday and sunday there has been 31 rescue operations of which six are still undergoing. so far between those two days, about 5,000 people have been rescued, but that number is very likely to increase, maybe by another thousand, another 1500. today of the rescue operations that have already been done and dusted with and an their way back, they were two groups of people found on fisher boats that were 500 people.
those were picked up by that the british navy and swedish navy. just to show you on one single importation, you can have hundreds of people. this is a huge challenge. we have to compare these numbers to last weekend when we were talking about record numbers. last weekend the record numbers were a little more than 4,000. well we're still not done with this weekend and we are already past that record number. as i said earlier the number will increase in the next few hours. >> how were those boats actually found in this vast ocean? >> i will have to say that there's traffic in the sea. you have these newly -- the recently e.u. mission called a try to know mission, 26 countries taking part of that. they are patrolling in a limited area south of the coast of italy, that area at the moment is about 60 nautical miles but
it could be stretched further. south that have, there's another area where the italians go, called safe sea. it's really to the limit of the libyan international waters. that's where really more -- where you really need to rescue migrants, otherwise you have a risk of a lot death. the mugglers have a very well oiled system that they adapt all the time, according to the changes in the sea, i would say rather than on the ground. lately there are no skippers on these boats. they teach one of the migrants for free passage how to steer the little engine. they have a compass and a phone. once they stay for a few hours six, seven hours, they have a number which is either the number of the international coordination center, which is based in rome and then from there, the information will be dispatched to the local
branches or sometimes they have directly the number of the local branches or of some aid organization or things like the international red cross so certainly, there is a very well oiled system. there's also the mission which i guess the mission of the european border controls. there's a great area between it, they patrol from the air. you see all the time helicopters and if they spot a dingy or fisher boat, they give coordination to a coordination room and that will call on the closest ship, whether navy or commercial ship and they have to immediately go on site, get closer to it and rescue. it's a very complicated challenge be logistical nightmare. on the rider, it is very, very difficult to pick up. these dingies are very, very
low. they have very good cameras with infrared exhibits, but with the movement of the water it's very difficult to pick up these small boats. >> thanks very much for that, hodor. >> the british prime minister called on g7 leaders for a united front against russian backed aggression in ukraine. talks are expected to be around climate change and russian aggression. an economist and professor in new delhi said the g7 has been unwilling to share the burden with developing nations and take blame when it comes to issues like climate change. >> i wish the g7 would put action in terms of where it's mouth is in terms of delivering what it can do, plugging the
loopholes in global taxation. tax evasion is driven by the policy of the g7. they're the only ones who can do something. it is something that can only be done internationally and when led by the major countries. this has fallen off the agenda and they don't seem to be worried about it anymore. g7 the way it is projected at the moment is a signal to many across the world that it's an attempt by the russia countries to maintain their control and he can tend their power. it's unfortunate that russia has been excluded, but the exclusion of other major developing countries is significant. the attempt to create this rich man's club which will then zip the future of the world i think is deeply unfortunate.
>> al abadi expected to meet president obama to discuss the battle with islamic state of iraq and the levant. imran kahn reports from baghdad. >> iraq's a country in economic crisis. a slump in oil prices left a massive budget deficit, which could be around $22 billion. aid agencies warn they are running out of money to help iraqi's affected by war. abadi said the international help is a failure and want the world's leaders to step up. >> what iraq is looking for is strengthening military aid stepping up coalition airstrikes and helping iraq reconstruct its war torn infrastructure and for humanitarian aid. >> the u.s. has approximately 3,000 u.s. troops in iraq, training and equipping government forces.
it's sent 2,000 anti tank missiles to help curtail isil's car bombing. the administration has placed a speed up of other arms shipments. relations between the u.s. and iraq have been strained. earlier this month, u.s. defense secretary accused the iraq army of not having the will to fight. some iraqis say that's not fair. >> isil is well equipped and funded. iraq is in debt and needs more support to kill isil financing and needs the g7 to support iraq financially and bridge the debt gap. >> the meeting between the prime minister and u.s. president barack obama in germany is supposed to be a review of what's happening in iraq. >> here in the capital, this sideline meeting means very little. what people are really concerned about here is rising food prices, electricity blackouts and security.
isil mount regular car bombing attacks in markets like this. >> fighting isil to paying government salaries, all have a big impact. the real question is how much can the g7 help. imran kahn, al jazeera, baghdad. >> still ahead in yemen even baking the basics like bread is now a struggle for millions of people as the war drags on. >> plus spinning for spiritual inspiration, a religious festival in pakistan.
from the people who are affected. >> people need to demand reform... >> ali velshi on target weeknights 10:30p et >> at your keys president has been casting his ballot. >> desperate people trying to get to europe continue to be plucked out of the mediterranean sea in the thousands. search and rescue teams are scouring international waters between africa and europe. >> british prime minister david cameron called on g7 leaders to show a united front against russian backed aggression in ukraine. leaders are in southern germany for a g7 summit for two days. >> so you had led coalition airstrikes hit an army compound in yemen's capital sanna. houthi rebels say 44 yemeni soldiers have been killed. saudi arabia said the soldiers
were linked to houthi rebels. >> saudi-led strikes and the power struggle between the houthis and government in exile are ruining the economy. businesses are shutting down and lack of jobs making life hard for millions of yemenis. we have this report. >> the simple process of making bread is becoming difficult in yemen's capital, sanna. running a small bakery, this man struggles. it's estimated more than half bakeries have shut down due to a shortage of fuel and power. a basic staple of the yemeni diet becoming a rarity. a kilo of flour has gone from 40 cents to 60 cents. prices are up because of insecurity, hurting small businesses, like this bakery. >> the difficulties we face are shortage of fuel, now we are using gas, which doesn't only make things slow, but also is
expensive. even the price of gas is going higher. >> power outages are another power. the shortage of water is a difficuly. the workers' spirits are down. petrol used to be 70 cents, now $3.50, on the black market $7.50 per liter. people wait for days to fill their cars and many fill for a much higher price. it's a sign of how often bad the power shortage is getting. >> first the absence of fuel and power, the biggest obstacles at the time state authority was in place. now there is no state, total vacuum. big malls and companies have come to a halt. citizens' purchasing power has decreased substantially. >> for months, a saudi-led air campaign is targeting houthi
fighters and troops loyal to former president ali abdullah saleh. the conflict since last year when houthis took over the capital, basic services suspended and price skyrocketing due to the fighting. aid has come through. 80% of those in yemen need aid to survive. what was once bustling commercial streets are now mostly empty. with no shoppers, shutters have been closed. >> we are living in a real catastrophe. many of the big shopping centers where hundreds of workers are employed have been shut down. how will all those families earn a living? >> that's a question none can answer. it's not just the dead and injured in the fighting, yemen's war has taken oh toll on everyone in the country. al jazeera. >> syrian activists say 15 people have been killed by barrel bomb in the west.
al jazeera can't independently verify these pictures. activists say the use of barrel bombs is rising, despite a ban by the united nations. >> there have been violent anti-government demonstrations in mexico. protestors and riot police fought in the southern city, with at least two officers carried off by the crowd. we have the latest from the southern city of iguala. >> this election has become this tense standoff between leftist groups opposed to president nieto and the government. this could be seen as the place where the standoff began. in september of last year, 43 students were attacked by local police in this city not far from where i'm standing, then allegedly handed over to a drug gang killed and incinerated at a dump not far from here. people of mexico saw the failure of the government to be able to
protect teachers, college students as a major failure and there are on going security problems. the president promised he was going to make mexico safe or bring down such attacks and levels of violence. when this happened, smoke the collusion and corruption of the local police with criminal organizations, it kicked off months of protests. now we're seeing teachers groups in southern mexico, who have a lot of power and a lot of people to get out on the street and they're trying to block this election. the election authorities say they're going to have a successful peaceful election, but we might see outbreaks was violence across these 47 states of mexico throughout the day even though the government saying they're going to keep the peace. >> rescuers in nepal found the bodies of 55 people more than a month after the earthquake. they were buried under flattened buildings north of the capitol kathmandu. the magnitude 7.8 quake in april
killed more than 8,760 people. >> south korea says it will track the mobile phones of hundreds of people under quarantines to prevent the spread of mers. five have died from the disease and 14 cases reported since may bringing the total number of people infected to 64. we have this report. >> the outbreak in south korea is the largest outside the middle east. people are worried and many have begun wearing masks. >> we should not go near places where mers patients have been. also isn't this virus airborne and contractible with contact? >> there's no evidence mers can be transferred through the air but can be by droplets, such as if someone sneezes or touches a surface with infected hands.
the virus has spread quickly in south korea from one man who had been in saudi arabia. >> i urge citizens to cooperate to prevent further spread of mers by washing their hands and minding their coughing. >> mers causes fever, diarrhea pneumonia and kidney failure in worst cases. 40% infected die from it. 1800 have been quarantined and hundreds of schools closed as a precaution. the first mers cases were diagnosed in saudi arabia in 2012. 900 people have since been infected there. the virus was traced back to people in jordan, but it's thought to have originally come from bats and camels. it's appeared across the middle east as well as in small numbers in europe. the world health organization says there's no evidence the disease can spread easily between people, but it is sending a team of experts to south korea next week to help stop the outbreak from spreading.
>> a recent study in hong kong found two out of three young people showing signs of depression. for some, talking about the issue is taboo but psychologists think they've found a new way to approach the problem. >> having suffered depression as a teenager, this counselor is well equipped to deal with young people's mental health problems. part of the problem she believes is a failure to recognize it. >> no one's talking about it, so schools might feel if we talk about it, that indicates we have a problem, so they rather not talk about it. if they do, they kind of never really use the words like suicide or depression. that's always side stepped. >> with her partner, she is developing a computer game that aims to help. in this desert island adventure, young people at risk of depression or suicide can be identified by the choices they make. >> it's a taboo topic.
we thought if we approach it rather from a very clinical perspective but actually from a game that is fun and engaging, it opens up a dialogue. >> the pressure to excel academically in this city starts as soon as children put on their first uniform. although suicide rates among the young are no higher than elsewhere, they have been on the rise. one study found up to 60% of students surveyed showed signs of depression. >> if young people here did not face enough stress, there is the political dimension of life in hong kong. last year's occupied street protests demanding full democracy were a source of social upheaval. the demonstrators may have left the streets, but the uncertainty about the future persists. >> according to some experts those protests provided a release and their failure added to a sense of despair. >> when the people, when they see the hope, i think that will
help them put up with the stress, because they will see i have a hopeful future, for the time being, i have a difficult life, i still have the motivation to live on, to continue. >> there may be growing causes for depression and anxiety among hong kong's young, but innovative ways of dealing with them are developed by the same young people. rob mcbride, hong kong. june the united states marine corps is putting women to the test. all branches of the military are ordered to open units currently restricted to men by the end of this year. we visited one training center to see the gender experiment in action. >> it's a long way to the top, but scaling a rock cliff is all in a day's work for corporal jacqueline dean. she's part of the marine ground combat unit incident graded task force, experiment into gender integration.
600 marines, male and female train side by side for combat roles never before open to women. >> absolutely exciting thrilling, i love to do things like this. >> she admits it hasn't been easy. >> the hardest part had to be when we first arrived, showing up to a unit full of males that had never seen a female marine. never seen a marine let alone worked with one. that in itself was a struggle. >> then there's the heavy gear carried over long decides to answers. >> in the dessert, we had 100 pounds on our back. i was carrying more than my body weight, now carrying 75 pounds for a total of six miles. your body never gets the chance to recover. >> for eight months, these marines have trained in a variety of grueling environments, the desert, ocean and now mountains. at these altitudes, breathing can be hard. even the most basic task becomes more difficult.
>> on every march, heart monitors record vital data. marines are asked to record how they're feeling afterwards. the information collected will be used to set gender neutral standards. >> we have found through looking at these that all of the marines out here are capable of performing the task. what we're tying to ascertain is to what level are they capable. we get to see what type of person actually thrives in this environment, and what do they look like from a physical standpoint, what is their height, weight, lean body mass. >> harder to measure is the impact of women on what the military refers to as unit cohesion. in this group, they've earned a grudging respect. >> when the going gets tough, i look over someone over my hold might be smaller and they keep pushing and i keep pushing on. >> the results will be presented to the commandant of the marines this summer. the women say they will push on to prove they are not only willing, but able to serve.
al jazeera, bridgeport california. >> around a million pilgrims are attending a religious festival in southern pakistan, braving a heatwave which has killed at least 15 pilgrims. there's also the threat of violence opposed to the shrines. security has been stepped up. we spoke to a pilgrim and asked him to explain his journey in his own words. >> i have been coming here since past 20 years for a spiritual inspiration. the people who are coming here should refrain from drugs and restrict themselves to prayers and follow the teaching of the saint. i frequently visited other
shrines but haven't found the true and real essence in the devotees who visit these places. i never beg or ask anyone for anything, because he finds all his needs are taken care of because allah is the real provider. women are not allowed to visit shrines. it is forbidden in islam. these saints did not have female visitations. anyone who can control his temptations is closest to the saints. those who come here with a pure purpose always take up blessings from him. those who come for just fun go back without anything. they will not succeed in