>> technology...it's a vital part of who we are... >>they had some dynamic fire behavior... >> and what we do... don't try this at home! >> tech know where technology meets humanity... only on al jazeera america hope to greece, both athens and tapp e.u. officials say a debt deal could be just around the corner. ♪ ♪ hello there welcome to al jazerra,. we'll be live in agent thens in just a moment. also coming up's from around the world. in northern iraq we meet the sunnis ready to fight isil but say they need weapons now. tayeing action, pope fran since sets up a panel to hear cases against bishops accused of covering up child abuse. plus, getting in to the mind of a genius.
albert einstein's personal letters are up for auction. ♪ ♪ al jazerra has learned there could be a deal in brussels to prevent greece default on the ground its debt. athens has until end of june to pay over $1.8 billion to the i.m.f. its total debt is $352 billion. of this 8 1/2 billion dollars has to be paid by august. mainly to the european central bank. let's speak to john in athens. what are you hearing about a possible deal? >> reporter: we are hearing a more optimistic tone from the greek side today after last night's meeting between the greek prim minister and his european count are parts. they seem to believe greek
official circles seem to believe there could be a temporary or interim deal in the offing. that could be announced as early as today but certainly in the next 48 hours. that would cover certain more urgent aspects of greece's financial situation. it would cover the disagreement between greece and its creditors on the size of the budget shortfall for this year. i think greece would be called upon to raise an extra two to two and a half billion dollars from consumer tax mainly. in order to cover what creditors see as a cash gap between now and the end of the year. that's the most urgent issue. there is something that will please the greeks more. there would be in theory in the interim agreement a short-term four-year deal on how much money the greeks will spend service is their debt which will be far far less than what currently is foreseen in the austerity deal. in other words this year greece might spent roughly 1% of g.d.p.
repairing dead rising to 2% and then 3% the year after. that is roughly for this year a third of a quarter of what is foreseen normally greece would be expected to a 3 1/2% of its economy and next your four nab nfl. those knocks would be drastically reduced not amount to go a restructuring of the dead but something the greeks need for the next three years. >> john, thank very much for that. john live from athens there. the speaker of iraq's parliament says the u.s. decision to sends extra troops as part of an iraqi plan to boost sunni volunteers to fight isil. in washington where he held talks with the deputy secretary of state. at least 450 u.s. military trainers will be deployed to iraq over the next two months. they'll set up a fifth training site at an air base in anbar one of the few areas in the province under iraqi government
control. iraqi army has suffered a number of setbacks in the fight against isil. now, iraq's second largest city of mosul fell to isil, a sunni fighting group -- sunni fighting groups, some actually welcomed their presence, they saw its fighters as liberators but a year on even many sunni arabs have changed their minds zeina khodr reports from northern iraq. >> reporter: these men once helped the iraqi government and u.s. troops fight al al qaeda in iraq. sunni tribal fighters part of the so-called a awakening councils. but last year when isil arrived in their city they didn't have the arms to fight back. they were forced to leave. and are now displaced and jobless. they blame the government for not formally integrating them in to the security forces and providing them with the arms needed to prevent isil's take over. >> translator: there were sleeper cells waiting for the
right time to emerge so when isil came from syria, five to 6,000 men joined the group. many of these people were once locked up in jails and opposed the government. >> reporter: and while some did join isil, he was among those who chose to leave instead. he hides his identity because his daughters are still there. he is a man who couldn't accept isil's brutality. but he is also against the government, which he says is no different from the new rulers. >> translator: in the beginning people are happy to be liberated from the iraqi authorities. the army treated us like terrorists. there is no government, it's a ma litsch us no, different from isil. >> reporter: they have a long history of opposition to the sheet a-led government in baghdad. a year before this district became an isil strong hold it was a battle ground. many people were killed and arrested by the army. like many predominantly sunni towns, there were months of
protests. accusing the government of neglect and pursuing a sectarian agenda. isil was able to exploit what sunnis say were legitimate demands. it is not clear in the trikes who did pledge allegiance to isil did so out of conviction or fear. but what is clear is it was a strong hold al qaeda and other armed groups who fought both the iraqi government and u.s. forces when they were in the country. for sometime they were able to secure sunni areas. these men are now asking for arms so they can recapture their direct. but arms may not be enough to bring peace. part of isil's strength comes from the government's inability to bring assume i community to its side. south korea has confirmed 14 new cases of the mers virus which make the total number of infection twos 122. more than 2400 schools has closed as a results of the outbreak. and so far nine people have died from the virus across the
country. alison clemens-hunt is the spokesperson for the world health organization and south tree a joint mission. she says the government has taken important steps to contain the outbreak. >> since the beginning of the outbreak the government has done contact trace which is important to trace the contact and anyone who has come in contact with a mers case in isolation, that can be self isolation in the home or if they were ill in a hospital in a clinic. that's very important. also getting the message out to the public that if they do feel ill, if they do have any symptoms of mers, which would be fever sneezing, covering, they need to take action to get in touch with health authorities. and to isolate themselves as much as possible until it's checked whether they are positive for the eye virus the w.h.o. does not recommend any
sort of travel ban at this time. we do expect that we will occasionally have a case of mers exported from the middle east where this is circulating. but countries can be on alert can survey -- put in surveillance measures so that we can stop any outbreak. we know we can stop outbreaks we have stopped all previous outbreaks through good infection prevention and control measures. many while, south korea's central bank has slashed the cost of borrowing to a record low because of concerns that the troubled economy could take another hit from mers. many consumers and tourists are staying home. it's the fourth time are time since august last year that the interest rate has been cut. it now stands at 1 1/2%. pope francis has created a new tribunal to deal with church leaders who fail to protect children from sexually abusive clergy. for years the church has been criticized for failing to take decisive action on the issue. but this latest move is the biggest step taken by the vatican aimed at holding bishops
accountable. diane estebrook has the story. >> reporter: these are photos of us at the age we were when the priests sexually violate the us. bar brain blaine points out members of her survivors network that she says still suffer emotions cars for the sexual abuse they suffered at the hands of the priests. she was one of those kids, she says if the vatican serious about rooting out abusive priests it doesn't need a special tribunal. >> we know that pope francis has complete authority to take whatever action he wants. if he wanted to, he could have sacked any bishop at any time. and he is the boss. >> reporter: bow to criticism from victims and advocacy groups the vatican says its knew tribunal will examine complaints of bishops covering up sexual beus and adjudicate them. it will layout a formal although cesc by which the vatican can
deal withish about ups negligent in handling abuse cases in their district. but blaine is demanding more transparently from the pope and resources from outside the vatican as well. >> he should open up the files. and turnover all information that he has about sex crimes to police and pros courtser. there shouldn't be investigations within the church church. we are talking about criminal as here. >> reporter: the pope's actions come more than a year after the united nations issued a scathing report to call upon the vatican to enforce rules requiring local church leaders to report abuse to authorities think also last year the chicago arch die east released thousands of pages of secret documents alleging abuse by dozens of priests against more than 350 children dating back to the 1950s. it's paid out more than
$130 million to settle abuse claims by victims the latest $1.2 million. blaine says her organization gets more than $6,000 a year from victims in nearly 80 countries. she is skeptical about the tribunal but hopes it will do some good. >> it's hard to think that they could police themselves but it would be nights if someone held them accountable. >> reporter: dianeest pwraofbg, chicago. the australian prime ministers as urged nations across the ring town help fight armed groups including isil. the groups continue to lure thousands of foreign fighter to travel to iraq and syria. tony abbott opened a two-day counter tear terrorism summit in. he warned that they have global ambitions . >> we have sent a strong military presence to hit them from the air and to try to real jazerra sift the iraqi army to
retake their own country. we are talking with our friends and partners about how the air strikes might be more effective and how the iraqi forces mate be better helped. american leadership is indispensable here as in all the world's trouble spots. at home we are trying to insure that australians don't leave this country to join the 15,000 foreign fighters already in syria and-y and iraq. >> wayne hey sent us this update from sydney. >> reporter: the theme of the sum sit challenging terrorists propaganda and it's all about combating the message spread by terrorist organizations like isil over the internet. isil, for example is believed to send out 10s of thousands of messages through social media every day. hoping to attract new recruits to its fight. australia has been particularly concerned about its citizens heading over to iraq and syria to join isil. so far it's believed around 100
australian citizens have done that. there is also a lot of discussion at this two-day summit about a community-led response, of course, governments in this region, including australia, have been very busy over recent years passing tougher anti-terror laws. but there is also a growing awareness that there needs to be a community-led response to this problem, particularly when it comes to vulnerable people in those communities being targeted by terrorist organizations. coming up here on the program, he's been called a human hunter. we meet a u.s. rancher who is taking matters in to his own hands to stop migrants, that's after the break.
but around the world. getting the news from the people who are affected. >> people need to demand reform... ♪ ♪ welcome back. reminding you of the top stories al jazerra. al jazerra has learned there could be a deal in butses to brussels to stop greece from did he foughting on their debt. south korea's confirmed 14 new cases of the percent virus taking the total number of infections to 122. more than 2400 schools as velshi closed as a result of the outbreak. iraq says the u.s. decision to send extra troops as part of its plan to boost sunni volunteers to fight isil. at least 450 u.s. military trainers will be deployed to iraq over the next two months. they will be based in an air base in anbar province. in lib yeah, armed men have attacked isil-linked gunmen in
the city of dern actual. isil linked fighters are con consolidating their control they are taken control from libya dawn backed by the general national congress in triply. hawks in berlin aimed at solving the conduct are you's political crisis have finished with no agreement reach. tunisia's navy has rescued 400 migrants off the coast. the group of africans left libya for the italian islands for lampedusa. the vessel they were traveling broke down. the navy has rescued dozens of people traveling in unsafe boats in recent months. we have this update from tunis. >> reporter: well, this latest rescue reminder that tunisia is not immune from the crisis affecting libya and also europe. now, the coast guard managed to rescue these people almost 400 of them have been brought back
to identity near i tear tunisia. some from saer ye, morocco and tanisha, most from subsaharan africa. in the past six months the tunisian coast guard have rescued hundreds of people in a similar way. the problem is once they get to tunisia, what happens to them next? those who are economic migrants, people from west africa, from nigeria, gambia, sierra leone they will probably have to be sent back home. those who are asylum seekers people from air try eritrea so mom i can't and syria. can complain asylum here, they are unlikely to do so. tunisia doesn't have the jobs or resource to his look after them. so they may well try to attempt to get back to libya through the desert and try to make another attempt of that perilous journey to italy. in eastern ukraine there is
reports of fighting around donetsk airport. monitors from the organization for security and cooperation in europe say there has been an increase in the use of heavy weapons in rebel strong holds. ukrainian army and pro-russian separatists accuse each other from breaking the ceasefire signed in minsk in february. also in ukraine, at least five people have died in a fire burning since monday at a fuel depot south of kiev. firefighters have been trying to stop it from spreading to another field depo and a nearby military base, three people are still missing. residents living close to the facility have been he rack evac indicated. the indian army has entered myanmar the army has launched a ground offensive supported by the air force the military says it's in response to the killing of 18 soldiers by rebels last week. >> reporter: this operation has been described by some indian
government officials as an unprecedented and extremely bold step. now quoting from the country's information and broadcast minister who has said our prime minister ordered hot pursuit in which two camps were completely annihilated while the army carried out the strike, helicopters were on stand by. he's also said friendship and zero tolerance will go hand in hands. this is the beginning he says, india is strong, this message should go for everyone. myanmar is a friendly nation and therefore there was complete cooperation if the need required. now, it's part of northeast india. this area has traditionally been quite under developed compared to other parts of the country. it's also home to sensitive border areas namely that with china and myanmar. the bgp party under the leadership of prime minister modi. has used rail ways to try and stop the threats.
lands overrers on the u.s.-mexico border are taking matters in to their own hands to stop undocumented people from crossing in to america. some have even put electric fences up to catch those going through their products, heidi castro reports from brooks county in texas. >> reporter: which it comes to stopping illegal immigration to the united states, brooks county rancher mike vicker sees himself as part of the solution. >> there are two of them. they get over the first one they are going to to get in the second one. >> reporter: located 70 miles north of the u.s.-mexico border, his ranch is prime real estate for people trying to avoid border patrol. that's because it sits just north of within of the busiest immigration checkpoints in the country. when we visiting him last year, he said he saw dozens of people cross his product every property every day. you now he says it's down by half. he believes not all are here
looking for work. >> they put criminal on his my property. which i do not like. myself and my family have been confronted by these criminals that are being paid by the organized crime father subsidizing. >> reporter: i understand if it's a gang member, what if the next person to be shocked in a mother or young child. >> i will tell you right now that probably is is not going to happen. they will dig under. it takes a lot of energy and a lot to be over to climb over this hyphens. >> reporter: do you take any pleasure when you see someone getting shocked by your fence? >> well, i have to say i do. >> reporter: it's unknown what killed this woman found next to vicker's fence nearly two years ago. vicker believed she died of exhaustion with no funds fore ups on the more than 400 migrants bodies found since 2009, the sheriff's office here says they'll likely never know for sure. the fence is just part of vicker's efforts to stoppage grant from coming through.
he also leads what he calls operations with like-minded friends from across the state. nighttime patrols of brooks county ranches complete with cam tphraupbl and thermal imaging quite looking to pass people as they cross. you have been called a human hunter in the past. ma do you make of that? >> i guess there is a little bit of truth to that. when we find -- when we suspect people on our property. if we see them we all law enforcement to apprehend them. >> reporter: just across the country we find three young men trying make their way north. the kind of people vickers is trying to keep out. instead of running when we approached them walked toward us begging for water. they say they are here from mechanics eco and walked for two days they say they are not criminals, just here for a better life. vickers defines each immigrant he turns in to border patrol as
another life saved from the dezzer. >> i feel what they are doing is wrong. it's a huge detriment to our country. it's a huge expense to the tack payers to take care of them once they get here. we can't take of the whole world. violent clashes in brazil where students have been turned way by security forces using pepper spray, they were protesting plans to lower underage imprisonment from 18 to 16. currently there are 20,000 teenagers in juvenile did detention senters across bra civil virginia lopez hasbrazil. >> virginia lopez has more. >> reporter: turned violent after student protesters took over the floor. a guard opened up with pepper spray.
they were going to advance a bill lowering the age of inning press. from 18 to 16. >> the police used pepper spray. hit us really hard in a moment when we were defending our rights. >> reporter: the debate over the bill comes after a series of violent killings at the hands of adolescents. more conservative factions of the congress have suggested a referendum. >> translator: i am sure it's what the brazilian society wants, different surveys show more than 80% of the population want to lower the age of criminal responsibility in brazil. if we are here as representatives of the population we need to respect the will of the majority. >> reporter: detention centers like this one in brazil's outskirts are part of a correctional program currently in place. for some, like the 17-year-old whose name we can't reveal, they
have proven to be the one chance at a normal future. >> translator: one day i tried to steal a refrigerator, it didn't work out. the owner reacted. there was a struggle. he my gun and i pulled the trigger. the moment i shot everyone came after me and i was arrested. >> reporter: community service and some basic skills like sewing are taught here for young offenders. >> translator: we need to create opportunities so the adolescent can embrace this transformation, this sort of transformation is possible. we have seen when you create these conditions and young people accept them it can be life changing. >> reporter: the alternative to centers like this one is the adult prison system. in a country with a pen 10 10 chair terry system widely considered a failure, some are wondering how good this bill will be in
curbing crime. football, south america's biggest tournament kicked off in chile later on thursday with the host nation to open up against ecuador in group-a. the three week competition will showcase some of football's finest, including a mouth-watering matchup between barcelona teammates leonel messi and neymar. the pair are fresh from champions league victory but desperate to triumph for their respective countries on the international stage. now, a collection of personal letters by albert einstein are going on the auction block. the writings cover many subject ranging from religion to sex to politics. rob reynolds reports. >> reporter: his name say synonym for towering intellect. albert einstein whose theorial relativity changed our knowledge of space time, the university and our place in it was also a prolific letter writer. 28 of his personal letters are up for auction in los angeles this week.
those letters are being scored here in a warehouse stuffed with hollywood movie memorabilia. brian is head of the firm profiles in history which will auction the letters. >> what makes them so extraordinary is they get in to the mind of einstein, on an intimate level about very intimate and personal things. >> reporter: here is einstein on god and religion. in my opinion the idea of a personal god is a child-like one. the self described action no sir tick writes. i prefer an attitude of humility. corresponding to the weakness of our intellectual understanding of nature and of our own being. write to go his ex-wife and fellow physicist einstein laments his inability to reconcile relativity and quantum mechanics, saying theoretical physics is currently enormously
thorny. as adolf hitler takes power in the 1930s and begins the persecution of german jews, the jewish-born einstein wrote to family members explaining he would never return to his homeland. decades later he denounces senator joseph mccarthy's anti-communist witch hunt in the u.s. calling it a systematic move to destroy the political rights of the individual. these letters also shed light on the human side of the great scientist. in this one einstein writes to his young son happens congratulated him for his interest in mathematics and reminding him to brush his teeth and it's signed papa. einstein, who was twice married and had many mistresses muses about sex telling one correspondence he believe says men are not naturally monogamous. einstein was an earth bound human being. just like the rest of us. even as his mind wandered
through the limitless cosmos. rob reynolds, al jazerra cal bass as, california. you don't need to be a genius to find out more news of the day just go to our website. aljazerra.com. question remains: can iraqis defend their own country? i'll ask the man who wrote the book on iraqi forces whether this latest strategic shift will work. a year ago today, i.s.i.l. fighters routed iraq's military and seized the country's second largest city mosul. in the year since, president obama has launched a campaign of air strikes aimed at rolling i.s.i.l. back in iraq and in neighboring syria.