Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  June 11, 2015 6:00am-7:01am EDT

6:00 am
announcer: this is al jazeera. hello there, welcome to the newshour, i'm shiulie ghosh in doha. coming up in the next 60 minutes - hope for greece. both athens in the e.u. ais debt deal could be around the corner president recep tayyip erdogan makes a speech since his ruling party lost their overall majority changes goods for sex. over 400 instances of abuse and sexual exploitation by u.n.
6:01 am
peace keepers. and a symbolic message for i.s.i.l. a festival against terrorism by baghdad artists. al jazeera learnt it could be a deal in brussels to prevent greece defaulting on its debt. athens has until the end of june to pay 1.7 billion to the international monetary fund. debts stand at $352 billion. of this, $8.5 billion have to be paid by august largely to the european central bank. john is with us in athens what are you hearing. >> that's right, government sources are telling us after the
6:02 am
meeting with alexis tsipras, and counterparts from the e.u. that a deal may be reached in brussels today or tomorrow. it may see two things happen. one is that it may close a shortfall. greece would agree to raise that from consumer tax. and that would alleviate some aspects. and greece would repay its debt, service its debt. if that is done, greece would receive a reprieve in renegotiating, rescheduling its debt repayments over the next several decades. this agreement would send down the road the more difficult issues of this negotiation, which involve that and the difficulties of making the
6:03 am
pension system in greece viable. >> that's the question. greece said there are red lines that it will not cross. is it willing to compromise on issues like pension cuts. >> greece indicated that it's willing to compromise it agreed to phase out any form of early retirement and agreed to delay election promises dating back to the january election such as raising minimum wage. that has been kicked back to next year as well. don't forget any agreement that this government brings back home has to be cleared by parliament or through a referendum, and there the government faces two problems - one is that a significant domestic cohort of 77% of voters is against any kind of concessions to the european union, and by definition any kind of agreement involving more compromise, and
6:04 am
that is significantly represented in syriza the left wing ruling party. there's significant opposition in the form of the communist party, which took over the finance minister building unveiling banners saying that we have spent enough money, shed enough blood and will make no further compromises. in other words, for the past four months they have obviously convinced many people in greece that creditors do not have enough in common with the man on the street here in order to reach an agreement viable to the greeks socially and financially john updating us from athens much news of a deal will be welcome in brussels the economic ayres commissioner pierre moscovici warned them to step up efforts saying:
6:05 am
now, the turkish president recep tayyip erdogan has made his first public speech following the election when the a.k. party which he helped to found lost the majority. he said turkey stands to help others. >> translation: wherever there's a victim, wherever there's someone vulnerable in any corner of the world, we must reach out to them. we must offer a helping hand. whether they are in balkans, or anywhere in the same way we offer a helping hand in iraq syria and palestine. we have the same approach to bernard smith, live in
6:06 am
istanbul, and, bernard, what has he been saying about turkey's future after the elections. >> well this is the first time we have herd from president recep tayyip erdogan, who kept a low profile since the a.k. party lost the majority. he used the speech to remind the audience and the viewers not to allow the political situation to threaten gains made in the previous 12 years, referring to the previous 12 years in which he was prime minister and the gains he was referring to where improvements to infrastructure democracy, and international relations. he was calling on all the parties involved in the negotiations to remain calm. he didn't want a political party to cause a crisis.
6:07 am
even to remind his audience of what the change in his leadership in the last 12 years saying he didn't want those jeopardised in any way. >> what is recep tayyip erdogan's role now that the a.k. party is seeking to form a coalition. >> well, the prime minister said that he wants a coalition. that is his ambition and erd wan can be a facilitator between the parties, and can step and take a partial role as is the tradition with the turkish presidency and can bring official groups together. we know there has been a couple of informal meetings. the only party saying it will not be involved in a coalition with the a.k. party is the
6:08 am
h.c.p. the pro-kurdish party, that leapt over the 10% threshold, and got 80 seats in parliament. during the election they said they were not going to go in coalition, and there may be room for manoeuvre, and we have 45 days in which to thrash things out. it's a long time in politics. if there's no coalition after 45 days the odds are that there'll have to be new elections. >> bernard smith, thank you for that updating us from istanbul hundreds of syrian ref knees crossed the border into -- refugees crossed the border into turkey. it's the first time the borders have been open since 9th march. ankara said they been closed for emergency reasons, and only allowed medical aid in. there was talk that they'd be reopened after the turkish leck.
6:09 am
the u.s. decision to send troops is part of an iraqi plan to poost sunni -- boost sunni volunteers to fight i.s.i.l. at least 450 military trainers will be deployed to iraq over the next few months setting up a fifth side at the air base in anbar, one the few places under the iraqi army control zeina khodr went to meet sunni tribes in northern iraq and found men that want to help in the fight against i.s.i.l. >> reporter: these men once helped the iraqi government and u.s. troops fight al qaeda in iraq. the fighters are part of the awakening council.
6:10 am
last year when the islamic state of iraq and levant arrived in their city, they didn't have the arms to fight back. they were forced to leave, and are now displaced and jobless. they blame the government for not formally integrating them into the forces and providing them the arms needed to prevent the takeover. there were 3% waiting a life-time to emerge. when i.s.i.l. came from syria, 5-6,000 men joined the group. it was fertile since many were clock the up in gaol. >> some did join i.s.i.l. many were among those who chose to leave. they hide their identity. he is a man who couldn't accept the brutality of i.s.i.l. and he is against the government, which he says is no different from the new rulers. >> in the beginning, people are happy to be liberated from the iraqi authorities. the army and maliki used to treat all of us like terrorists. today there's no government. it's a militia, it's no different to i.s.i.l.
6:11 am
>> the district has a long history of opposition. a year before the district became an i.s.i.l. stronghold it was a battle ground. many were killed and arrested by the army. like many predominantly sunni towns, there were protests accusing the government of neglect and pursuing a sectarian agenda. i.s.i.l. was able to exploit legitimate commands. it's not sure whether those that fled did so out of conviction or fear. but what is clear is it was a stronghold for al qaeda and other groups who fought the iraqi forces. for some time they secured the sunni areas. these men are asking for arms to recapture their district, but they may not be enough to bring peace. part of the strength comes from the government's inability to bring the sunni community to its side the australian prime
6:12 am
minister urged nations across the asia pacific region to help fight armed groups including i.s.i.l. they continue to attract thousands of foreign fighters to iraq and syria. tony abbott warned that i.s.i.l., daesh, has global ambitions. >> we sent a strong military force from the middle east, to hit d.a.e.s.h. from the air and try to assist the iraqi army to retake their own country. we are talking with friends and partners about how the air strikes might be more effective, and how the iraqi forces might be better helped. american leadership is indispensable here, as in all the world's trouble spots. at home, we try to ensure that australians don't leave this country to join the 15,000 foreign fighters in syria and iraq. in malaysia the government is setting up efforts to stop
6:13 am
citizens joining i.s.i.l. we have this report. >> reporter: the weekly sermon delivered to the congregation. the senior imam of the mosque knows that the majority are law-abiding people but he also knows that some muslims ignore imams like him, who advocate for peace, and want to fight for radical groups in the middle east. >> translation: a group of young people may think this is an issue of brotherhood and may have to help them in the middle east. is this the right way according to true teachings, or has it been misunderstood. a point where actions taken are against the teachings. from that interpretation, joining in the violence is not islamic. >> reporter: while religious leaders in asia the government has taken a more direct approach. it's been clamping down on
6:14 am
anyone it thinks may turn to violence. there has been a number of arrests in the past few months. the crackdown led to these. the government passed tougher laws. they have allowed authorities. the government department that oversees issues knows that now is a critical time. >> in 2015, we aim to reach out to a million people in social and print media, tv and radio. there'll be workshops and seminars to educate the masses about what ideology is. these sorts have different balances. >> they are responding to a domestic constituency.
6:15 am
showing that there is a conspiracy and to malaysia's friends and partners and that it's interested in combatting the problem. >> the answer is simple - speak to people at a grassroots level. evening classes like this is an attempt to explain the philosophy. >> malaysia is not the only south-east country that uses religion to promote violence. the debate is about what works best preventing hate now, pope francis is setting up a tribunal to deal with bishops who cover up child sex abuse by priests. a victim support advocate says the leader has not come far enough. that is coming up california drying - drought is one of america's most famous
6:16 am
nature reserves and in sport - why the mood is gloomy before south america's biggest football event kicks off in chile. the leaders of the nigeria, chad, niger are meeting in abuja to discuss fighting boko haram. the nigerian president muhammadu buhari made defeating boko haram a top priority. the group forced a million to flee their homes and launched raids across the border in chad and cameroon. let's join akmed idris who is in abuja. what are they hoping to achieve at the summit? >> well, they want to definitely get common understanding, a take
6:17 am
off of the multitask force, a regional force to deal with boko haram, comprising troops from nigeria, chad and the neighbouring republic which has not been attacked but is contributing troops to the multinational task force because it feels what affects its neighbours may affect itself. before this becomes a threat. troopsar contributed to this multinational joint task for, and defense ministers of these countries and chiefs met on tuesday and yesterday to draft a proposal before the heads of state which was happening now behind me in this hall. >> they have a big task because boko haram is reactive. there has been a spate of attacks recently. >> exactly.
6:18 am
boko haram launched a dozen attacks. most of these are asymmetrical. and uncoordinated attacks by boko haram. basically what they have been able to do over the last 15 months or so we see them use suicide bombing, at markets, checkpoints, isolated villages that have not been bothered by security operations there. basically a rise in attacks over the last few weeks or so. most of these are targetting soft spots, and the use of suicide bombers to target the particular ors or communities. what we have not seen is the large scale operations. while they take a lot of trert tree in control. the military in cameroon and
6:19 am
niger pushed boko haram to locations in parts of the north-east. when we see the rise in suicide bombings and the placement of explosive devices in public places like markets. >> thank you for that pope francis created a new tribunal to deal with church leaders that failed to protect children from sexually abusive children. for years the church has been criticized for failing to take access. this latest move is to hold bishops actable. kevin eastwood has the story. >> these are photos of us at the age we were when the police priest sexually violated us. >> reporter: barbara points out members of her survivor network, still pointing to emotional
6:20 am
scars at the hand of priests. she was one of those kids. she said if the vatican is serious about rooting out abusive priests it doesn't need a special tribunal. >> we know that pope francis has complete authority to take whatever action he wants. if he wanted to, he could have sacked any bishop at any time. he is the boss. >> bowing to criticism to victims and advocacy groups, the new tribunal will examine complaints of covering up sexual abuse, and will adjudicate them, laying out a formal process which bishops can use to deal with cases in their districts. blaine is demanding more transparency, and resources from outside the vatican as well. >> he should open up the files, turn over all information that he has about sex crimes to police and prosecutors. there shouldn't be investigations within the church.
6:21 am
we are talking about criminal action here. >> reporter: the pope's action comes more than a year after the united nations issued a scathing report calling on the vatican to end a code of silence on sex abuse cases, enforcing rules requiring church leaders to report abuse to the authorities. also last year, the chicago archdiocese released thousands of the pages of documents alleging abuse from 350 children dating back to the 1950s. it paid out more than $130 million to settle claims by abuse victims, the most recent coming a month ago to more than $1.2 million. blaine says her organization gets 6,000 schools from victims. she is skeptical, but hopes it will do some good. >> it's hard to think that they are good at policing themselves. it would be nice if someone would hold them accountable
6:22 am
hundreds of thousands of people are advised to evacuate in the southern japanese island of ky issue after heavy rain triggered landslides and floods. rescue workers are checking the area to make sure there were no casualties after several houses were buried in rubble and mud. streets and fields were covered after the area was pounded let's get more on that from richard, and more rain for southern japan. >> yes, it's not looking good. i have lee coming later this month, and japan is a great country, but it's the month not to go to japan, it's a month when it's wet and sticky. there is weather extending across china, vietnam, and northwards to japan. and certainly in the far south, you are open to anything coming
6:23 am
in from the south-west as the frontal systems get in. there is the rain fall system 124mm, and i have seen totals of 200mm in 24 hours. here it's two-thirds worth of rain. it's a wet month, and there's more rain to come as you can see in the rain pushing up towards tokyo. a little bit of respite. drier coming in. they'll hope for drier weather on the ordinary side of the pacific, heading to the peninsula. they have had something like 150mm. as we look at the forecast. there's heavy rain pushing in across the florida peninsula, there's big storms likely. around the coast, the rain will move a little further towards the west new orleans. it lacks like there'll be
6:24 am
particularly wet highs. >> thank you for that the u.s. state of california is going through a severe drought showing no sign of letting up. the water crisis is in its fourth years, and rangers at yosemite national park says it could be disastrous. >> reporter: it's one of the most beautiful national parks in the united states. the yosemite cannot escape the drought ravaging california. scott has been a ranger for 20 years, and says water levels are twice as high. >> this is the true indicator for me. looking under the gauge, and seeing the river level in the river is just over three feet and here we are, it's not even summer, and we are looking at warmer temperatures, a record-low snow pack tells me how much of a drought we are in.
6:25 am
>> reporter: california's governor announced state-wide water restrictions cutting consumption to 25%. yosemite is not part of it. the mark is appealing to visitors. everyone is very conservative. if we have left-over water bottles, if we are not throwing it away we are using it for coffee. there's little things we can do to conserve. >> the drought is not just affecting nature. tourism has taken a hit. this is going on one of the last trips of the season. outings ending a month earlier than usual. >> that is when the waters are not enough flow. it grows in the are river. and you have to get out and pull the raft about a foot and a half. >> people are bracing for another parched summer and as beautiful as this still is the
6:26 am
drought is threatening one of the great national wonders. >> the united nations report says peacekeepers exchange goods for sex with people in countries. where soldiers have a lot. they have been selling sex because of hunger and poverty. the u.n. placed a ban, it undermined its credibility. reports say 480 exploitation claims have been made. over a third of those involved were children. the largest accusations came from missions in the democratic republic of congo, liberia, haiti and south sudan. the u.n. has 125,000 peacekeepers deployed around the world. >> anabbinga van woodenburg is the deputy director the human
6:27 am
rights watch good to have you on the programme. the scale of the issue is disturbing. the report says hundreds of women have been made to pay for sex for food, and it happens in several countries. >> i have to say, i'm not surprised. it is deepening saddening. this is something we have seen in many parts of the world where the u.n. has been operating. it's been a problem going on for years. the u.n. tried to tighten up on it. it has fundamental problems. one is immunity from prosecution, from peacekeepers deployed on peacekeeping missions - whether to haiti, congo and liberia. if they commit crimes they cannot be held to account in those countries, only in the home countries, and too often. the immunity is like a protective cloak, and so they are not held to account. whether that is for sexual
6:28 am
abuse, a number of these cases that they are highlighting appear to be under the age of 18. in many places that would be statutory. where peacekeepers are entering into sexual relations with women, girls, and sometimes with boys who they pay in exchange for food and other things they are slightly separate. both are going on. >> we heard recently that allegations are those abusing african peacekeepers what does it do for the reputation and effectiveness of the united nations. >> what i should say is that peacekeepers are not under the u.n. umbrella they are peacekeepers but are not part
6:29 am
of peacekeeping mission. that doesn't change anything it's hugely harmful to the reputation of international peacekeeping and the united nations, and it's time something was done about this. one of the steps that needs to be considered is stopping the immunity from prosecution. better investigation, this leaked report indicates that sometimes these investigations take a year and very few come to tuition. very little hep from the viping tips and accountability. this is what needs to be tightened up. i, myself, vetted some of this in congo, and i remember stories of chin exchanging threats for peanut butter. they are desperate for food and assistance. the u.n. needs to get better at
6:30 am
it at putting it, tackling it and making sure it's held to act. and don't get this immunity. a lot of people are calling for changes. >> thank you for joining us. thank you. you're with the al jazeera newshour. still to come date day. >> this is the future of learning, this is a school this is how schools have to be. >> fun and games, the computer classes attracting attention. >> and we meet a rancher living near the border taking matters into hissen hands. plus, sport - what's in a name. brandon saad puts a smile on the name of black hawks fans in the stanley cup. we'll tell you why, in sport.
6:31 am
6:32 am
welcome back i'm shiulie ghosh, you are with the al jazeera news hair. the athens stock change is up 5 points on the hope that a deal is met. it would increase athens payments to lenders in return for increased tax raising meckss. the united nations report says peacekeepers exchange goods for sex in places where soldiers are supposed to help. missions in congo, sierra leone
6:33 am
haiti and others are the most common president recep tayyip erdogan makes his first speech since his a.k. party which he found lost its majority. he was speaking at a graduation ceremony and addressed the election results. >> translation: the results of the election means it's not possible for a single party to form a majority. it does not allow a single party to norm a government but d are it shouldn't mean that turkey is left without a government. the most important part of democracy is the fact that there are solutions available. china's former security chief has been sentenced to life in prison.
6:34 am
state media is reporting this he was found guilty of bribery, abuse of power and discloseing national secrets. an investigation was launched as part of a push by the government. until his retirement in 2012 he was considered one of china's most powerful figures. in south korea a 10th person died from the m.e.r.s. virus. 132 were infected. more than 2400 schools have closed as a result of the outbreak. alison clements hunt is a spokes woman from the world health organisation and joint mission and says the government has taken steps to contain the
6:35 am
outbreak. >> since the beginning the government has done contact tracing and has contacted people in a health facility, a hospital, clinic or at home. that is important. getting the message to the public, that if they feel ill or have symptoms of m.e.r.s., which would be fever, sneezing, coughing, they need to take action to get in touch with health authorities and to isolate themselves as much as possible until it is checked they are positive for the virus. the w.h.o. does not recommend a travel ban at this time. we expect we'll have a case of m.e.r.s. exported from the middle east where this is circulating, but countries can be on alert, put in surveillance measures to stop outbreaks. we have not stopped all through outbreaks through good prevention and control measures. south korea's central bank slashed the cost of the
6:36 am
borrowing to record lows. many tourists are staying at home. it stands at 1.5%. india is to begin testing its first home-built aircraft carrier. it was undocked following the completion of its contrucks p instruction -- construction a festival in iraq is aimed at entertaining iraqis about the war in i.s.i.l. it shows what the fight means for the country, with limited resources it's been a tough challenge. we have this report from baghdad. >> i.s.i.l. banned all forms of artistic expression in the territory it controls. they call this the first theatre festival against terrorism held at the national theatre in baghdad. iraq, it seems, is fighting back
6:37 am
against i.s.i.l.'s cultural tyranny. these events are rare but the organizers want to take a stand against i.s.i.l. the wore is draining resources. organising this has been a tough challenge. . >> translation: it was very hard to put on. we had no money from the government or the ministry of culture because of the budget deficit. we reached out. they funded this whole thing. it took four months to secure the funding. everyone has been so generous. >> the anti-i.s.i.l. message captured the imaginations of families and friends who risked the situation to be here. >> translation: i came with my family. i wanted to show the terrorists they have not won. the blood split has not been in vain that we support them. >> reporter: the music
6:38 am
dominated, the theme is patriotic. celebrating those that are fighting i.s.i.l. no sectarianism is visible here. more by design than accident the three main groups of iraq are represented here as well as the minorities both on the stage and in the audience. >> reporter: tonight is a celebration of the rich cultural heritage and those fighting i.s.i.l. it is not about politics simply a message from the artistic community about those trying to divide iraq landowners on the u.s. mexico border are taking matters in their own hands to stop undocument people crossing into mebbing. some have put you have fences to stop those crossing through the
6:39 am
properties. heidi zhou-castro reports. >> reporter: when it comes to stopping illegal immigration to the united states. brooks county rancher mike vickers. sees himself as part of the solution. >> there's two of them. if they get over the first. they'll get over the second. >> reporter: his ranch is prime real estate for people trying to avoid border patrol, because it sits north of one of the busiest immigration checkpoints in the country. when we visited him last year, vickers said he saw dozens crossing his property every day. now, he says, it's down by at least half. he believes not all are here looking for work. >> they put criminals on my property, which i do not like. myself and my family have been confronted by the criminals, paid by the organised prime. crime. >> i understand if it's a gang member, what if the next person
6:40 am
shocked is a mother or young child? >> i'll tell you now, that's probably not going to happen, they'll dig under. it takes a lot of energy to climb over the high fence. >> do you take any pleasure when you see someone shocked by your fence? >> well, i have to say i do. >> reporter: it's unknown what killed this woman, found next to vickers' fence two years ago. vickers believes she died of exhaustion. with no funding for autopsy, the sheriff's office here says they'll likely never know for sure. the fence is part of vickers' effort to stop the immigrants coming through. he also led operations with like-minded friends. night-time patrols at brooks county ranches, complete with camouflage and thermal imaging equipment. you have been called a human
6:41 am
hunter in the past. what do you make of that. >> there's a little bit of truth. when we find people on the property, we investigate. if we see them, we'll call law enforcement to apprehend them. >> reporter: across the highway we find three young men trying to find their way north. are the kind that vickers is trying to keep out. instead of running when we approached them, they walked towards us, begging for water. they say they are here from mexico, and have walked for two days, and say they are not criminals, just here for a better life. vickers defines each immigrant turned in to border patrol as a life saved from the desert. >> i feel like what they are doing is wrong, it's a huge detriment to our country, it's a huge expense to the taxpayers to take care of them when they get here. we can't take care of the whole
6:42 am
world. the teachers strike in afghanistan has entered an 11th day as they continue to demand better pay and perks. teachers say dozens of schools are joining the sit in while the government puts the figure at 10. nicole johnson as more from kabul. >> reporter: there has been no classes at kabul's largest high school for a week. corridors are quiet, classrooms empty. on the steps of the school it is rowdy, teachers are on strike. government officials are trying to convince them to go back to work. they are not listening. the strike has spread. >> we want to increase our salary and distribute the land. >> during last year's election captain, the president ghani promised that within six months every teacher would receive a free plot of land.
6:43 am
>> the government said it's doing something about the teachers' demands. the minister of education is here, giving away 300 pots of land to teachers on the outskirts of kabul. >> translation: the process of distributing land is continuing in kabul and the provinces. we have $13 million to meet demands like overtime pay and bonuses. >> this is some of the land allocated to teachers - rocky, undeveloped and a 1 hour drive from kabul. >> the government has more land than people, fast land. we are happy it started this process. >> not everyone is optimistic. the teachers have more than 30 years experience, and earn 120 a month.
6:44 am
>> translation: it's for show, we don't know when it will happen, how can we build a house on this salary. the government should build and deduct the cost from our pay. >> reporter: a few weeks after midterm exams, thousands of >> translation: every day we go to school and are told to go back because it is closed and there are no lessons. i'm sad about this, because i'm third in the class. >> government waits for their demands to be met, and students wait to be taught schools around the world are trying to figure out how to best integrate technology into education, a new approach in armenia drew the attention of educators, an afterschool programme that has students booked. it's explained in part four of "cracking the code." >> reporter: more than 6,000 students are enrolled free of charge at a center for creative
6:45 am
technologies. [ ♪♪ ] from music to animation, game and web development to digital media, students work on hundreds of projects. >> i think the whole world. >> i enjoy working with kid. they have so much creative energy. >> we are free we can learn and listen to music. >> through projects like the hand and computer film like water on stone students work at their own pace they java programming, 3d modelling. the two most marries art and technology giving kids a chance to learn about animation, computer programming and design. it helps them acquire skills needed for a 21st century job.
6:46 am
>> what we are trying to do is create an environment where kids or teenagers will be able to reach their potential. >> reporter: professionals from some of the leading companies for media animators, and students. >> what i like it's not just old practices. it's trying to find a way that art meets technology. the new ways of doing thing, the new programme. >> reporter: the popularity prompted the opening of three centers just like it in armenia alone. this afterschool process attracted the attention of educators from around the world, russia lebanon and germany. >> some told us and told me the future of learning. this is a school. this is how schools have to be. >> reporter: the foundation in texas and ethnic armenian donors
6:47 am
paid the $20 million lunch bill and keep it open with $1.5 million operating budget. how is the success caged? by students not dropping out. creating portfolios landing jobs having an edge in the global economy still to come on the programme - the writings of a genius genius. albert einstein's personal letters up for auction. and in sport, football goes on for the war-torn country of yemen. the world cup qualifier for korea.
6:48 am
6:49 am
welcome back a collection of personal letters written by albert einstein are going on the auction block. they cover many subjects, ranging from religion to relationships to politics. rob reynolds reports his name is a synonym for towering intellect. albert einstein, whose theory of relativity changed forever our knowledge of space time, and the universe. he was a prolific letter writer. 28 of his letters are up for auction. those letters from the 20th century's greatest genius are being stored here, in a warehouse stuffed with hollywood movie memorabilia.
6:50 am
>> brian is head of a firm that will auction the letters. >> what makes it extraordinary is they get into the mind of einstein on an intimate level about intimate and personal things. >> reporter: here is einstein on god and religion: the self-described agnostic writes: writing to his ex-wife and fellow physicist, einstein laments his inability to reconcile relativity and quantum mechanics saying theoretical physics is currently enormously thorny. >> as adolf hitler takes power in the 1930s, beginning the persecution of german jews, the jewish born einstein wrote to family members saying he would never return to his homeland.
6:51 am
and denounced joseph mccarthy's witch hunt in the u.s. calling it a systematic move to destroy the political rights of the individual these letters shed light on the human side of the great scientist. on this one einstein writes to his young son hahns. congratulating him for his interest in mathematics and reminding him to brush his teeth. it was signed papa. >> einstein who was twice married and had many mistresses mousses about sex, telling a correspondent he believes men are not naturally monogamous. einstein was an earth-bound human being, like the rest of us, even as his mind wondered through the limitless cosmos. time for a bit of sports genius much here is raul. thank you very much. the 44th copa america kicks off in chile. played in 1916, the oldest
6:52 am
international competition. some of the biggest names, including lionel messi, neymar and sanchez are playing and it has been overshadowed by the f.i.f.a. scandal and chile's own problems we have this report. >> reporter: football at its simplest and innocent. a long way from the tainted game that former f.i.f.a. official had just left behind. with clear ideas on how to reform a disgraced organization. >> it's a very sad moment. >> the first one is transparence - 100%. i don't know how they'll do it, but they need to do it. for me it's very clear. the minutes of committee must be public. >> the v.i.p. seats will be filled for the opening game with chile and ecuador. with many leading football
6:53 am
figures under arrest and on the run, who will they be? >> there's a focus on who will represent south american football at the tournament, and who will represent chilean politics. chile's president michelle bachelet live on radio says, of course, she'll be there. she's dealing with scandals at home, and regular and violent student protests. >> we need help. it's an escape for society. brazil is a good example, after the world cup, there was protests. here if chilly wins, the copa america, we'll have a party on the streets. >> reporter: only if the chilean players live up to great expectations. never have the players wanted or needed to win a tournament that chile never won. never have distractions off the pitch has it about so great.
6:54 am
the main players will be to keep their eye on the ball. world football. latin american football is in crisis, but the game goes on. >> football will still be the number one sport. it happened on the field. it's nothing to do what is happening in the offices. the credibility of the big organization will be every year will be worse and worse. >> many hope that the copa america and football at the grassroots level will combine to rescue the game they love now, one of the greatest players to come out of south america. seeco will stand in the election to succeed sepp blatter. the 62-year-old played in three world cups from brazil - with brazil - with many regarding him as the greatest player other than pele. he has been a coach.
6:55 am
>> translation: i would like to confirm the decision to be a candidate. i feel i'm capable. things need to change the second qualifier bechildrens bechildrens -- begins in russia on thursday. they have never reached a home final. >> reporter: the yemen national football team are getting ready to host a cup in doha. the match against north korea will be the first since a saudi-led coalition began air strikes in march. football stadium, and the federation headquarters have been damaged by the attacks. >> it stopped and nobody and played or no official game. no one changes because the stadium is destroyed. and players stayed at home and played for our camps. >> the coach has not seen his team since the last match in
6:56 am
march. with the turmoil in the country, it took six days to gather the players for a trip. two couldn't make it in time. the only way they could get to doha was by boat. there was an 18 hour trip after a 48 hour wait they took a plane to qatar. >> it was difficult. we felt like the only team in the world going through something like this and taking the gamble. thanks to god, we left yemen, and we'll pursue yemen in the best possible picture. >> f.i.f.a. have not allowed the supply due to the security situation in years. in this time they have only won three matches. they are ranked 168th in the world. >> reporter: we suffer from the war that is going on. playing in your own land in front of your own supporters gives you motivation. all we can do it keep the head
6:57 am
up and represent yemenis in the best possible way. through god's weel, we can play in yemen again. sfl they'll face the philippines in qatar. rather than boats, they plan to return by plane. they are not sure if they'll meet again. >> reporter: n.h.l. - chicago blackhawks levelled the stanley cup series with tampa bay, winning game 4 in front of their own fans on wednesday. 1-1 going into the third and brandon sard scored the winner making it 2-1. game 5 on saturday. in tampa. >> you know it was really pretty lucky, i saw a space go into the net, tried to drive in chaos. made a good play. bounced around on my feet. tried to get more tonne it getting it to the net, and it
6:58 am
found a way to the legs. really, it was trying to get to the net.
6:59 am
7:00 am
changing goods for sex, a scathing case of abuse by u.n. peace keepers. >> hello there, you are watching al jazeera live from doha i'm shiulie ghosh. also coming up china's former domestic security chief gaoled for life for bribery and abuse of power. turkish president recep tayyip erdogan called for the rapid formulation of a new government vowing to do his part hits for