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tv   News  Al Jazeera  June 24, 2015 9:00pm-10:01pm EDT

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>> spying revelations. >> translator: it's unacceptable that three presidents of the probably, mr. jacques chirok mr. nicholas nick sarkozy and mr. francois hollande have been listened into. >> these families should not feel ignored and victimized by their own government.
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>> president obama signs an executive order. the berlin air lift. >> raw materials had to be poured across the aerial bridge into the blockaded city. >> 67 years after the soviet blockade we look at a firsthand account. a landmark ruling. hundreds of concerned dutch citizens successfully sue their government for not stopping climate change. could the decision have ripple effects around the world? good evening i'm antonio mora. this is al jazeera america. we begin tonight with the fallout over another international spy scandal involving the national security agency.
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officials in france today expressage are after wikileaks indicated that the agency against the leaders the u.s. intor to france was summoned to explain and president obama was forced to reassure hollande by phone that the american government is not targeted the french president's communications. in 2013, former nsa contractor edward snowden revealed the u.s. had tapped the cell phone of german chancellor angela merkel. neave barker is in paris with the latest. >> arriving at the french foreign ministry the u.s. intor ambassador to france, summoned to answer claims that the nsa spied on three french presidents. >> one, this is unacceptable, two, we want to know if these
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practices have ceased and three to ask whether these practices were used in relation to the president or more generally because while we understand that there might be surveillance concerning terrorists, that has nothing to do with listening in on heads of allied states and on friends. i asked the ambassador to give us answers rapidly. earlier in the day president francois hollande called an emergency defense council meeting to discuss the revelations. hollande said the country would not tolerate such activities. eves dropped happened between 2006 and 2012 . paris says it will now send a special intelligence team to the u.s. to investigate matters further. in the french parliament, news of the leak prompted uproar among lawmakers from across the political divide. the country's prime minister promised to do anything possible
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to limit the diplomatic fallout. >> the united states must not only admit the danger that such acts have on our freedoms but also they must do everything and quickly in the damage it creates between allied countries and between the united states and france. many people feel that the new spying revelations are disibility be designed to coincide with frens citizens from the kind of home grown violence witnessed here in paris five months ago. but there's also a concern that there's a blind spot in this law raising questions as to whether france needs more security to protect itself from its friends as well as its enemies. u.s. president barack obama and president hollande have reportedly spoken to each other by telephone. but washington promising to work as allies with france. but with wikileaks promising more revelations to come, france
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may decide on a more cautious approach. neave barker, al jazeera paris. >> for more, we're joined by jonathan crystal. jonathan, good to have you with us. >> thank you. >> trance has been seen as one of the most reliable u.s. allies if not the most reliable when it comes to iran and the middle east. could this damage relations? >> i think we have enough strong mutual interests with france that this is not going to harm our relationship in the long run. i mean it's a little bit embarrassing for france for this to come out but i don't think it's a surprise to anyone in the diplomatic community. >> they're all spying on one another. >> exactly. anyone who has the technological ability to do this is going to do this. >> does it make a difference that it was on the french president? >> i think it does because the tone matters but if france has the capability to spy on the
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u.s. president they would do so and maybe they're trying as everyone probably is. >> we saw the french foreign minister call in the u.s. ambassador, france says it's sending an intelligence team to the u.s. is this all political theater? >> i think so. you know this is a little bit of an embarrassment for the french because not only is it that we are listening in on their phone calls or we were listening in on the president's phone calls but we also shared that information with england new zealand australia and canada. it shows france they're in a little bit of the out group a group of they want to be in. >> but we don't know what's going on amongst those countries that they didn't share with france. >> we have somewhat of a formal agreement with those countries that we will share everything and not spy on each other. but they are understandably upset by this. i think -- >> are there good reasons though
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for the u.s. to spy on its allies? there is a long history of this, we are very close allies with israel but israel has spied on u.s. and u.s. has spied on israel. >> yes on a wide degree of issues to the u.s. is the reason why we are spying on them. because we are working very closely and because what france does affects us so much, it is one of the more important states for us to know what it is they are thinking and doing. if it didn't matter to us at all, we would have no reason to spy on them. >> some of the reactions seem a little bit silly. the french president says we have to verify that this spying has finished. the u.s. intelligence, and the french intelligence employs thousands of people, if they think sending a team to the u.s. is going to make any sense.
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>> to spy on specific leaders in the short term it's the press it's -- i mean having it come out, it is bad press for the united states, it looks bad for us. it means we'll probably have to pull back from that kind of thing in the short run but you know we really have to do a better job of keeping it quiet. >> does it hurt u.s. credibility. >> it damages credibility when we say after it came out that we were listening in on angela merkel's calls we need to be less specific of what we are and aren't going to do but people think maybe the u.s. won't do this anymore and then it comes out that we continue to do it. >> we have to be more careful about this information coming out. the question is how much more will come out? is there more coming from wikileaks? >> i think only the people at wikileaks know what they have what they've held onto and what's come out.
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they've done a pretty good job let's say of getting information out timed to other events, like you mentioned in the report about the bill in the national assembly, in france today it's almost a sooupped up version of what the u.s. is -- a sooupped up versionsouped up version of what the u.s. owner dealt with. >> jonathan bard, good to have you with us. >> thank you. >> more elaboration between edward snowden the guardian and the new york times cite documents provided by snowden the drone strike allegedly took place outside a recognized war zone. british officials if refused to comment on the reports. a dire warning today from the u.n. on yemen. the u.n. envoy said the war torn country is one step from famine. he is call for a humanitarian pause in the fight being for
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holy month of ramadan. officials say 100 people were killed in the conflict just on wednesday. the envoy blamed all parties for suffering of the yemeni people. omar al saleh has the story. >> this marketplace is getting busy yemenis are able to leave their homes. allies of proposed president ali abdullah saleh yellowed after fighting back. but the enemy is persistent and still powerful. targeting many places. >> translator: it's strange that they take care of the prayer times and that indicate that they are near. >> reporter: recruiting hundreds more volunteers who are preparing for a long battle. the houthis and their allies are keen to gain the upper hand. the town is not of the port city of aden and is considered key to
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protecting aden. killing some people injuring many. the government says the fighting is going according to plan. >> translator: the saudi led coalition provide only aerial support and we thank them for their efforts and the successes they have achieved. the effort is still ongoing on the ground but the popular rizzance. ris answer. resistance. >> it could be a while before life returns to normal, both here and across yemen. be omar al saleh be al jazeera. >> government will no longer threaten to prosecute families trying to pay ransom to
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terrorists. senior washington exonlt mike viqueria joins us from washington d.c. mike. >> well, good evening antonio. president obama appeared in the roosevelt room at the warehouse today. he says there will be no concessions to hostage takers no ransoms paid by the u.s. government to those individuals who take americans from overseas to the streets. but he says there will be no punishment and no threats of proses accusation to dashes -- prosecution. president obama made it clear, the government will work with them and not stand in their way as they seek the return of loved ones. >> these families have already suffered enough and they should never feel ignored. e-or victimized by their own government . >> reporter: mr. obama ordered the review last year a response to a long list of complaints from desperate and angry families that they received
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conflicting information from the government. that they were ignored or were an afterthought or even threatened by government officials when they tried to make contact with captors. some went public, like the parents of journalist james foley after i.s.i.l. murdered hymn last year. >> all i'm saying is what we've been doing to date is not enough. >> it wasn't enough. >> reporter: included in the president's new policy a hostage recovery fusion cell to coordinate the government's recovery efforts. a special hostage envoy to work with foreign governments on hostage recovery. and a family engagement team to share information with families. mr. obama said he won't change the long held u.s. policy of never negotiating with terrorists but the government will no longer punish families who do. >> when appropriate our government may assist these families and private efforts in those communications. in part, to ensure the safety of the family members and to make
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sure that they're not defrauded. >> the new policy raises the question even if the government won't pay ransoms will it help families who do? a top u.s. official says there's no contradiction. >> if i'm a bad guy in the middle east is that a distinction with the difference? either way by taking an american. >> the government will not facilitate the payment of a ransom. what we will do however is work with families to try and advise them, to give them the benefit of our best advice. >> michael scott moore spent two and a half years as a hostage in somalia. he was released last september after his captors demanded and got a $1.6 million ransom. moore says the new u.s. policy will help families cope whether the government helps them pay ransom or not. >> some governments have institutional experience so they give advice and support. there is absolutely nothing wrong with that in fact it would
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be terrible if a family were just on their own. >> reporter: and antonio today white house officials revealed that there are still over 30 americans who are being held hostage overseas. antonio. >> mike what's been the reaction to the shift in policy? >> it's been a mixed reaction. you heard president obama said he met with many victims families, before meeting with the press. 40 family members some chose not to sustained. the president described it as a very emotional meeting many of them are obviously still grieving over the loss of loved ones. the reaction on alcohol has been mixed. some call this window dressing, some think it should be stronger creating a more centralized community figure, someone akin to a hostage czar that could oversee all of that. the white house says it thinks
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that's inappropriate and they think they've got the right formula. john. >> mike viqueria, thank you. images of palmyra shows the tombs, being bloanl up. the fate of the city's roman era ruins. i.s.i.l. has already destroyed several other archaeological sites in iraq. up next the berlin air lift through the eyes of the man who saw it all firsthand. and they refuse to go away. the number of protesters grows on the streets in armenia. .bl
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>> brittle an's queen elizabethlaid a wreath today in memory of
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the victims of war and terrorism in germany. four day state visit to 800 germany coincides with the 70th anniversary of the end of world war ii. harry truman ordered u.s. forces to begin the berlin air lift. flying much needed supply to starving berliners. they were victims of a soviet blockade, considered by many to be the beginning of the cold war. john terret looks back at that crucial moment in history. >> reporter: it was the pivotal action that marked the dawn of the cold war. the start of the decades long era so wrowt wrought with tension it took the united states and britain to the brink of the cold war. >> general eisenhower informs me that the forces of germany has
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surrendered to the united nations. the flags of freedom supply all over europe. >> reporter: germany had surrendered. much of the country was in ruins. this 1945, the allies powers that had defeated the allies health historic meetings in pottdam. the decision was to split germany into four zones. the eastern part to russia and then western part to britain and france. stanley quickly grew uneasy -- stalin grew uneasy with having half of a capitalist city in be soviet territory. on june the at which time, 1948, the first real showdown between
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the u.s. and the soviet union began. the soviet union closed all roads rails and canals between east and west germany. the i soviets cut off all electricity. if we withdraw our position in berlin, europe is threatened, communism will run rampant. president truman agreed and took action. on june 24th, 1948, the u.s. and western allies began flying planes through soviet occupied territories into berlin. they were loaded with food, coal, and medical supplies. >> food, still more food and raw materials had to be poured across the aerial bridge into
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the blockaded city. >> the soviet union watched but the allies say never stopped the flights for fear of retaliation. at one point western aircraft were taking off or landing every 90 seconds in berlin, and carrying with them 13 tons of supplies every day. >> we had people come from japan panama from china all to bring the airplanes in and we were one of the groups, we had fossberg viesbazen and main. >> ended the blockade in may of 1949. the air lift helped heal the wounds between germany and the americans. >> the berlin air lift the marshal plan and president harry truman really saved berlin, west
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germany, and western europe, because the russians would have had it all. >> it started the severed relationship between washington and moscow. john terret, al jazeera. >> fred hall is a retired staff sergeant in the u.s. air force and a veteran of the berlin air lift. he joins us from baltimore. mr. hall it is an honor to have you with us. you were barely out of your teens when you volunteered for berlin air lift. did you have any idea at that point as to how important the air lift would be? >> i knew it was very important at the time. i had a grasp of what had to be done, that we had to keep berlin free at all cost. >> the berlin blockade is seen by many as the first battle of the cold war. it really is difficult to overstate what you and your
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fellow air cruise crews did. in fact you kept more than 2 million people alive. >> it was a logistics nightmare. it boggles our mind even today as how we did it. >> it certainly required great heroism. you had to fly over hostile territory in planes that had none of the technology that we have today to guide them. planes that flew no matter what the weather. and more than 100 died in the air lift, 31 of them americans. they, and you were true heroes. >> i think if you talk to anyone that was on the air lift, we don't consider ourselves the heroes. we consider the people of berlin the heroes. because of what they put up with to keep their freedom.
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they went through torture with the little bit to eat bombed out buildings. the city of berlin was 65% total lost. what was left wasn't hardly livable. >> all those people went cold and hungry for so long. were you disappointed when a little more than a decade later the soifts soifts soviets aand the east germans put up the berlin wall? >> i don't know it was a matter of sphoiment. disappointment. it was disgusting. we figured we had to beat them down one way and now they were going to try something else. be and just to make itand just to make it hard on people. and that part hurt.
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>> was the air lift and what you did for the people of berlin one of the highlights of your life? >> to this day i said that was the best thing i ever did in my life. that i volunteered to go on to berlin air lift. because i felt worthwhile, in that i saved people's lives. i didn't kill them. >> and many germans i know are thankful for what you and your fellow members of the military did to help those millions of berliners. fred hall, really a pleasure to have you with us. thank you for joining us. >> thank you very much and i appreciate you bringing this on and bringing up about the air lift. because very few americans know too much about it. and it's one of the glory moments of this country that we saved all those lives and it
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was a moment for all americans to be proud of. and unfortunately it's more or less forgotten. >> and it should not be. thank you sir. >> quite welcome. >> an attack on diplomats in somalia. coming up, al shabaab's counter attack. and refusing to accept migrants sent by other eu nation he.
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>> welcome back to al jazeera america. i'm antonio mora. coming up in this half hour of international news a landmark ruling for dutch citizens who took their government to court over greenhouse gas emissions.
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first a look at stories america headlines across the country in our minute. dzhokhartsarnaev said he was sorry for the lives he took. a special moment, for the nine lives taken last week in charleston, south carolina. be a viewing of clementa pinckney. president obama will give a eulogy at pinckney's funeral on friday. the president gets a go ahead to move forward on his trade authority. a somali group has claimed
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responsibility for an attack targeted at a convoy of vehicles carries diplomats from the yea united arab emirates. a suicide bomber had rammed his car into the convoy. members of the armed group al shabaab are claiming responsibility for the attack. the yawzthe uae fm al shabaab calls them a legitimate target on somalia. fighting al shabaab it wants to overthrow the government and is behind many similar attacks. on sunday, four al shabaab fighters were killed as they tried to detonate a car bomb and
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shoot their way into a national intelligence agency center. al shabaab has lost territory to government forces since an offensive began to force them out last year. caroline malone, al jazeera. boko haram is suspected on attacks in nigeria. shooting fleeg residents and setting tire to homes. a coalition of soldiers from nigeria, cameroon and chad has had some success in reducing the territory held by boko haram over the last several months. a bitter battle is breaking out between two european union nations over taking in migrants. austrian officials are angry hungary has backed out of an asylum agreement. but overwhelmed taking in over 60,000 nieg rants this60,000 migrants this year. as jonah hull reports the government is planning to build
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a fence on its southern border with serbia. >> they could be tears of pain or relief or exhaustion, for more days than many ask count they've traveled, crossing borders by any means fleeing civil war in syria for the freedom of the european union. this is the welcome they get. >> yes we are refugees. >> another group arrested, this time from pakistan. they've just walked from serbia into hungary the latest leg of a two month journey from islamabad. >> where do you want to go to? why? >> working. >> in good weather hundreds a day might cross over into the pretty hungarian border town. the citizens forest provides good cover here and most escape the local rangers who follow their traction tracks through wood.
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the hungarian government plans to build a 74 meter high fence. describing as a new iron curtain a necessary solution to stop the influx of what he says are mainly muslim asylum seekers. >> translator: we are talking about a totally different culture. we are talking about a muslim culture, a culture that will collide with our european civilization. >> answerable to him with police powers and weapons. >> i'm not happy about the iron curtain because i will see it from my farmhouse. i feel like i'm in jail but it is necessary because what i'm worried about is that this migration will push hungary into conflict, into tomorrow and into tension. >> this man from cameroon lost
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his sister and her daughter in the chase by trying to explain that we believe they were captured a little earlier and that he'll be reunited with them soon. so they've made it into the european union only into just the european union. these group of men from syria women and children are also in the police van they're all in the hands now of the hungarian police and they will be hand he over shortly to the imimmigration authorities who will decide whether to grant them asylum or not. most of these people will be housed is in ang open an open refugee camp. soon to become another country's problem. jonah hull, al jazeera southern hungary. >> french police fanned out near the euro tunnel. opened trailers and ordered men out. many had broken into the trucks yesterday when traffic was at a
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standstill. a strike by ferry workers blocked access to the tunnel that links britain to france. today traffic was moving again but not smooth sailing for drivers. >> problems with police. problems of load. problems all day. >> the ferry workers union is warning for three or four days of strikes many have gathered in france for the right to cross into britain. u.n. tribunal to look into the downing of a malaysia airlines plane over ukraine last year making the proposal to the security council next month but russia homsdz the holds the power of veto. ukraine and u.s. expects the plane was shot down by a surface to air missile.
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all 298 on board died. increased strain between russia and western nation. russia says it's again expanding its ban on u.s. food, supposed to be end this summer. the eu extended its essential on russia until next january. kremlin consistently denies claims. top u.s. and chinese officials wrapped up a strategic and economic summit in washington today. secretary of state john kerry described the talk as ascending. but president obama urged beijing to take steps to lower tensions. rosalyn jordan explains. >> at every opportunity in the last three days u.s. officials say they raise the concern of cyber security with their chinese counterparts. u.s. secretary of state john kerry said both countries came
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up with a form to deal with the action. >> we believe strongly that the united states and china should be working together to develop and implement a shared understanding of appropriate state behavior in cyber space and i'm pleased to say that china agreed that we must work together to complete a code of conduct regarding cyber activities. >> chinese officials however are bristling at the suggestion that they or people working at their behest may have been hacking into u.s. government computers one official said on wednesday the u.s. should be very careful and to only bring up matters with the facts and not innuendo. >> rosalyn jordan in washington. tents, set up by the occupy central movement which protested daily in the central business district before finally being shut down by the government. with greece just days away
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from a potentially catastrophic default it still can't agree on a deal with its creditors. greek prime minister alexis tsipras suggested the international monetary fund may not even want a deal. some all agree on tough negotiations lie ahead. >> there's been a lot of back and forth between the technical level and the political level. we have not yet seen a concrete proposal. we have to deal with that based on our directions. >> greece must make a $1.8 billion payment by next tuesday to avoid default. a dutch court takes on climate change. coming up the ruling that demands even stricter control of carbon emissions and the impact the decision could have globally. and as the death toll rises from pakistan's heat wave, accusations the government is not doing enough to help.
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>> al jazeera america >> the intense heat wave in pakistan has turned into a political issue. the death toll is now more than 830. and as jerald tan reports
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opposition leaders are dparcheddingdemandingthe government do more. >> reporter: they sleep on the street to keep cool and frequent power cuts mean they can't use fans or air conditioners. >> no one has taken care of the situation, no one from the utility company is taking notice of the complaints. people are falling sick and being rushed to hospitals. >> reporter: hospitals are overwhelmed. the searing heat has stretched medical services in pakistan's commercial hub to their limit and morgues are filled to capacity. the army rangers have set up emergency camps across the city to hand out water and dehydration salts. >> when we heard the name of the pakistan army we left everything and rushed here because we were sure that the treatment and care would be better than anywhere else. >> reporter: health workers are urging everyone particularly
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the elderly to drink enough water, but many are observing the ramadan fast to go without food or water from sunup to sundown. >> karachi is part of the pakistan federation and it administers the facilities in the whole of pakistan. no part of the 61 is exempt. >> and there's frustration on the streets. people at one neighborhood angry at yet another power cut. jerald tan, al jazeera. >> a touch court ruled today that the government was not doing enough to cut air pollution. the case was brought by hundreds of dutch citizens and as smd simon mcgregor wood reports,. >> dutch government's climate targets illegal. it told the government to cut its carbon emissions by 25% by
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2020. up from the current target of 17%. it was great news for supporters of the case. >> it's now obvious that at least judges in the new in the netherlands say. >> effects of climate change and its current plans simply don't go far enough. it said, the state must do more to avert the imminent danger caused by climate change. also in view of its duty of care to protect and improve the living environment. the state is responsible for effectively controlling the dutch emission levels. moreover, the costs of the measures ordered 50 court are not unacceptably high -- ordered bit court are not unacceptably high.
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greener technologies technologies like wind power and solar farms have taken off here but dutch carbon emissions have lagged behind other states. using these issues to force the government's hand. >> negotiations for the european union and the climate treaty are watching so this will really be helpful for everything. >> the case could set an important legal precedent with similar ones being prepared in other european countries and the eu targeting cuts of 40% by 2030. the dutch government says it needs more time to study the verdict and it does have the right to appeal but it has just lost a crucial case in which its own policy decisions on climate change have been judged to be in breach of the law. simon mcgregor wood, al jazeera. >> naomi ages is a climate later with greenpeace u.s.a.
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it is good to have you with us. how significant is this to the environmental movement? >> thank very much for having me. this decision is an historic decision the fir of its kind and we have been tracking this case very, very closely since its inception and we couldn't be happy are with the decision. sends a notice that governments must take action on climate change and the action they have taken is not just -- >> first of its kind in europe but in the u.s. the supreme court has made -- has issued rulings on environmental issues. and in fact it's given the epa a lot of leeway on emissions regulations. >> that's true. in fact this avenue has been almost 4 foreclosed in the u.s. unfortunately our supreme court ruled the other way so it is the purview of the epa to regulate carbon emissions and
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the obama administration have started to do that with the coal plants but the dutch ruling goes further than the decision in the u.s. >> isn't it likely dutch courts might be more receptive because half the country is under sea level and it's more threatened than others by rising sea levels? >> certainly that was a reason in the court's decision and a very valuable one. the netherlands is one of the most threatened by climate changes. but all the world is threatened by climate change. courts know this. every country is responsible for climate change, and every country is affected by climate change. there is a case working its way through the belgian court system we expect other action he to be filed elsewhere. >> and in its use of renewable energy and cutting emissions. >> that's correct.
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they were far behind the eu and far behind other developing countries. >> should courts though be in the business of deciding what needs to be done on the environment, judges aren't scientists. could there even be the danger that the opposite could happen and that corporations could sue to stop emissions controls, claiming that they're being damaged that their business are being damaged? >> i mean the good news is, science is science. so when it's presented to a court with the overall impact that we have about climate change it would be very difficult for a court to rule against the overwhelming position that anthropologic emissions am but again the world is come to realize that climate change is happening we know who's responsible for it. we know that governments have to regulate it, we know they're not doing enough at this point to
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regulate it, and we know that corporations will take note of this verdict and three are on notice as well. >> to reduce emitigations by as much as it's being required to eight percentage points more than it was planning to do in just five years? >> there are scenarios that show the world could go to 100% renewable energy by 2050. so if the dutch government commits the economic resources the research and development towards it, it is certainly achievable. >> how much of a difference will any of this make if china and other developing countries don't get on board to reduce emissions? >> right. obviously we need those countries to get on board with reducing emissions. there's been progress made with u.s. china summit with india's moving towards target reduction as well. obviously the netherlands is not enough but today we're really focused on how we were able to use a legal avenue to get action
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on emissions reductions and certainly we think that china and india will fall in line approaching the ccc conference. >> naomi good to have you with us. >> thanks vex. armenia is protesting a 22% like in electricity prices. riot police arrested and later is released 250 people. as robin forester walker reports, that only enraged people. >> this company has a monopoly on electricity supply here in armenia and the 16% price like it's too much for most ordinary people. a third of the armenian
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population live below the poverty line. this shouting may establish these armenians they said here it's going to trash and at the far end we've got the police. now the other day they directed water can cannon at people. >> robin forester walker reporting. officials say in addition to remodeling much of the plumbing and wiring needs to be replaced and asbestos needs to be replaced from the building, buckingham palace hasn't been re remodeled since 1952. how a solar powered mosquito
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trap helps in south africa. and tobacco art form.
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>> monday. the fastest internet in the country. >> it's the next generation internet. >> but why isn't it in your town? >> our internet's half the speed of dial-up. >> could big cable be controlling your access to the web? >> it's not even gonna play. >> your right to access knowledge is being limited. >> techknow's team of experts show you how the miracles of science... >> i'm standing in a tropical wind storm. >> can affect and surprise us. >> wow! some of these are amazing. >> "techknow", where technology meets humanity. monday, 6:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america.
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>> hundreds of firefighters have their hands full in santa clarita, california. a fast moving brush fire has already evacuated 200 people. north of los angeles. drifting smoke from the fire has caused major traffic jams along the 5 freeway. catholic and political leaders from philadelphia met with pope francis today including the city's archbishop. the group will prepare for papal visit to the u.s. pope francis will be in philadelphia in september for the world meeting of families congress. now our global view segment a look at how news outlets across the world are reacting to various events. mateo renzi says the very
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formation of the european is at stake. he writes if european union is sat stake. he says they must do more together to create a lasting solution. nigeria's vanguard suggest that desperation and ignorance both play a role in driving some nigerians on zedly journeys. the government must do more to be educate its citizens. it asks could nigeria be so bad that some nigerians prefer death to it? and impact on the confederate images in the u.s. showing the confederate flag as a shackle around a wrist. malaria, medicine and technology have helped control
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the mosquitos that spread the disease but as catherine soy reports from western kenya a new device may help even more. >> reporter: it's strange not to find people suffering from malaria in this part of the country. western kenya has one of the highest malaria prevalence rates, parasite it carries that causes malaria. >> as much as we have people at the community level 100% coverage, but using it is 56% which means that people are not using mosquito nets. >> reporter: this team of health workers from the international control for insect physiology and ecology is here to installed a solar powered mosquito trap. it's one of 4200 that will have been installed in the last three years. the pilot project is called
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similarmall, this has strands of nylon laced with human consent. the trapped mosquitos eventually die of hunger and dehydration. >> we are seeing many mosquitos being resistant to insecticides. therefore, solomon is a good alternative. >> solar light is a bonus to entice people to allow researchers to carry out their research. >> by god i'm still alive. if there are ways to protect my health, i'm glad. i don't have much energy anymore and all my ten children have died. is. >> reporter: not too far from where she lives these fishermen have just returned from a night of fishing.
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that is a time when chances of contracting malaria is highest. the focus is shifting to outdoor control of malaria many people get infected either out fishing at night or just going about their other daily business. the mosquito is constantly mutating and is eventually able to resist they say they're slowing winning the war but there's still a long way to go. catherine soy, al jazeera western kenya. >> most associate the idea of tobacco and cuba with the island's iconic cigars. but nunez who used to roll cigars for a living, now rolls them into figurines or intoob
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shapes. now, traveling to cuba as diplomatic relations warm up. tomorrow, the palestinians take their case to the international criminal court. the evidence the palestinians will present to prove war crimes against israel. that's it for this edition of al jazeera america world news. i will see you again in an hour.
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>> on "america tonight": special correspondent soledad o'brien, brings us the story of an american hero who stared death in the face to bring back a fallen comrade in vietnam. >> you take every effort to get surrounded. you doing what you got to do. that's it. >> is that your motto? >> that is my motto do what you got to do. >> also tonight. >> if there's an ep disemmic that's growing why would the state be