ei leaders agree to relocate thousands of migrants that have arrived in italy and greece, but italy says it doesn't solve the problem. ♪ ♪ hello there, i am shiulie ghosh with the world news from al jazerra. also coming up. ramping up the pressure. euro zone leaders say greece has until the weekend to agree to a debt deal or face leaving the euro. senior police in south africa are set to face a criminal investigation after an inquiry in to the mine killings. and a labor of love for women weavers in the philippines. these colorful mats are a way
out of conflict. european leaders have agreed to relocate some of the record-numbers of migrants who have arrived on european shores in recent months. thousands of people have come to italy and greece will be sent to other countries. but a system of mandatory quotas for each e.u. country was rejected. voluntary schemes aimed at speeding up the low relocation. european leaders have agreed to the following plan over the next two years. 40,000 migrants who fled desperate situations in their home country to his travel to italy and greece will be relocated to other european states. 20,000 people, mostly syrians and iraqis living in camps outside of europe will now be resettled within its borders.
these numbers pale in comparison to the 153,000 migrants that have already land ed in europe other "the stream" year, an increase of 149% when compared to the same period last year when just 61 1/2 thousand migrants entered europe. the president of the european commission jean-claude spoke just after an agreement had been reached. >> the fact that we took howard to agree about the system. shows that europe not living to the value it promotes in each and every occasion when it speaks a broad. >> italy's prime minister was scathing about the proposal he was quoted by sources inside the meeting as saying if that's your idea of europe, you can keep it. either give us solidarity or don't waste our time. after the meeting he was a bit more diplomatic. >> translator: we reach an
agreement based on the initial propose. it could be much more ambitious it mentioned 40,000 persons but it's the first at the point to say that finally there is a european policy rather than the policy of one single state. >> laurence lee is live in brussels. tell us why are so many e.u. countries flatly refuse to go have quotas? >> reporter: well, that's exactly the question. i mean, you know, what they have agreed obviously is very, very small compared to the size of the problem. 40,000 people, if they split those people equally among 28 european are yous, that would be 1,428 people per country. and even the smaller european nations have four or 5 million inning habitats it's not like you would notice people that much. but even then three countries the u.k., denmark and ireland exempted themselves even from that arrangement. so the idea that any might arrange a proper quota system to create a greater settlement for the refugees crisis, was never
going to work. and the bald fact is any number of human rights organizations say across europe, the equation between economic migrants, who want to come for a better life and asylum seekers fleeing for their life is being blurred and lost and people just don't see any difference anymore. it's really about a moral responsibility. whether a country say like the u.k. which bombed iraq and helped destabilize the country should have a duty to look after the people that got wrapped up in the long-term exodus, they don't think it's their moral responsibility. instead of them trying to reorganize the debates is more about policing and shutting down routes. bulgaria is building a big fence with a border. turkey, hundred gar i serbia on hundred hungary,er is bee a all to keep people out. really what jean-claude was saying it's about as far as you
can imagine from the ideal of free movement inside europe. that europe holds for itself. >> so is that the main issue that these people fleeing quite terrible terrible situations are actually being seen as a financial burden rather than a moral obligation? >> reporter: yeah, partly. it changed i think a the bit from country to country. a little bit of sticky law called the dublin regulation which demands that a refugees tries to seek asylum in the first country inside europe that he gets to. countries like hungary and bulgaria putting the fences up saying it's totally unfair to them these people don't want to stay there they want to go to germany or the u.k. but they are being sent back to hungary and bulgaria saying they have to shoulder a bigger burden. there is a lot of racism mixed up in it. a great big sprinkling of anti-us almost. a lot of people are saying
european ethnicity is being watered down and they see these people as a threat but not an opportunity or moral object games. >> laurence thank you for that laurence lee in brussels there. a greek finance minister says he will not accept any solution to the country's debt crisis that he considered unviable. e.u. leaders say a deal has to be reached this weekend or greece could face an exit from the euro. if greek can't reach an agreement with international lender athens won't be able to make the $1.5 billion payment for its creditors, they want greece bring in more spending cuts and tax rises in rises in return for the latest loan payment. >> we agree that there is a need for further work with the three institutions. the meeting on saturday with the euro group and greece is of decisive importance. bearing in mind time is very short and that everyone in the european council agrees that a solution must be found on saturday. >> so i think that european
history is full of disagreements, negotiations, and then comprises. so after the comprehensive greek proposals i am confident that we'll reach a compromise that will help euro zone and greece to overcome the crisis. >> joe is the head of trading at e.t.x. capital a london-based broke him firm i are he says greece is unlikely to leave the euro zone. >> if the deal is not reached they'll get a technical default. i don't think we'll get greece leaving the euro over the weekend. i don't think -- i guess there is a possibility that suddenly we come in on monday and the drag ma is not in existence but i don't think that will happen. i think we'll see the possibility i've technical default they missed their payment of the 1.5 billion aback to theism m.f. the i.m.f. declare a default and bond issues there, i don't think we'll see a cataclasmic effect
next week, just more of the same same. more delay more talk and this negotiation has been a joke between both sets of parties this should have been dealt with some time ago and it's coming down to the wire. that's because no one wants to blink but ultimately if you step back this is a lesson in how not to negotiate an international bailout and how there could have been a much more sensible and timely approach to this. i think this will probably get a deal on saturday of some kind. and it may require the intervention of the euro zone leaders although merkel says it should come down to the finance ministers, but i don't think it's going to be a long-term deal. we'll probably be talking about it in two week's time again. >> a south african commission has recommended a criminal investigation be opened in police over the deaths of 34 striking miners three years ago officers always claimed they were actioning in self-defense when they opened fire on the
miners but victims families say video proves it was a case of police heavy handleness. >> reporter: a horrendous tragedy that has no place in a democracy. those are the words of south african president jacob zuma, when describing the deaths of 34 striking miners almost three years ago. it's taken that long to determine who is responsible for their deaths. a commission of inquiry set up by zuma has now laid the blame at the feet of country's police who opened fire on the workers. it says there was complete lack of command and control by police. >> the commission found that the police operation should not have taken on the 16th of august because because of the defects in the land. the mission has found that it
was have been impossible to disarm and disburse the strikers without significant bloodshed. on the afternoon of the 16th of august. >> reporter: the commission also wants the country's police chief investigated to determine if she's fit to hold office. one of the miners injured that day says he's lucky to be alive. he was shot eight times and says the investigation is not enough. >> translator: what is important is that when you have wronged someone, especially if you have taken i life, even though one cannot buy life. you need to confess and ask for forgiveness. the sad thing is that they do want not to ask for forgiveness they are still make our lives miserable. her husband was killed, she continues to work and live at the mine to pay her bills, but says the constant reminders of how her husband was killed has
been unbearable. >> translator: this is affecting our minds because we know that it's police who caused these problems when we look at the videos it is clear that it is them who killed people. >> reporter: but mine bosses and unions have not escaped criticism. they continue to be concern around the living conditions for the workers and the role the unions played in provoking unrest. now the report is finally out the families of those killed are preparing to make civil claims. but they know it will never bring their loved ones back. al jazerra. a hospital in yemen's southern city of taiz has been hit by shelling. nearby homes and mosque remember also damaged. yemen's medical facilities are struggling as fighting continues between the rival armed groups, forces loyal to press hadi are backed by air strikes by the saudi-led coalition. two civilians killed, 25 others
injured in shelling on the port city of aden. the u.n. is urging the warring faction to his attends peace talks saying 21 million people need humanitarian aid and the country is close to famine. an alliance of 51 rebel groups this syria has launched an offensive to push government troops out of the southern city of dada deraa the syrian government has been dropping barrel bombs in the area. control is split between the troops and the rebels. dozens people have reportedly been killed in the fighting. still to come. protests in armenia against rising electricity prices are turning in to anti-government movement. plus. >> reporter: claiming that the river and the land west of it is part of its territory. i have come here to see how people in guy yap a guyana are reacting to these claims.
♪ ♪ hello there, welcome back good to have you with us i am shiulie ghosh let's reminds you of the top stories here on al jazerra. european leaders have agreed to relocate some of the record numbers of migrants arriving on european shores, thousands already in italy and greece will be sent to other countries but a system of quotas for each e.u. country was rejected. greek finance minister says he will not accept any debt solution he considers to be unviable. e.u. leaders say a solution to the debt crisis much be reached this weekend or greece could face an exit from the euro. a south safe cannon choir i in to the deaths of 34 striking
miners has recommended that a criminal investigation in to the policemen's actions take place officers have always claimed they were acting in self-defense when they opened fire on the miners. now, barack obama will deliver the our i eulogy at the funeral of one of the nine african americans killed by the white began man in charleston. the mudders have short short sharpened the debate about race relations. patty culhane has more. jim campbell doesn't see the history of the civil rights movement in black and white. at almost 90 years old he has lived it. he was born in charleston, south carolina at the time a legally segregate gaited city. >> i was in the company of africans who had survived enslavement. and we are pushing now in to the -- and were pushing now in to the front tears of freedom. that's quite a thing to realize. >> reporter: he says his father was the first in his family to be born free.
he says it wasn't until he moved north in his 20s to a city where blacks had free movement that he realized what living under segregation had done to him. >> i was downtown in baltimore and getting ready to go to a restaurant, just for a sandwich, and found myself looking for the signs to tell me where to go. and in that instance i had to face the condition that go had happened in my life growing up. >> reporter: reremembers theremembers -- he remembers the water cannons and guns from the '50s did it make you angry? >> no, no, you can't do anything angry. >> reporter: a witness to the police brutality of the time think now he has seen nine african americans killed in a church in his town, allegedly because of their race. another chance for him to reflect on what's next for race relations here. one of the kia chief little to the civil rights movement was
when classrooms like this one now in a museum, were integrated. there are many sociologists who believe that what has to happen next the informal segregation of communities, neighborhoods churches, that's what is going to have to end. >> they basically argue that the more contact you have with people who are different than yourself, people who you might have negative views of, the more open you will be to seeing them differently. >> reporter: campbell says, that is happening here in charleston. >> we were conscious of a black or white meeting. these kids meet together today as peoples. without the old hang-ups. that's a tremendous step forward 78 he has seen a lifetime of change and he believes in 33 or four more generations there will be racial he equality, perhaps even harmony in the united states. patty culhane, al jazerra charleston, south carolina. barack obama has scored a
major victory in the fight to get his healthcare reforms implemented. supporters cheered as the u.s. supreme court upheld tax subsidies crucial to enforcing affordable care act. the decision end the last significant legal challenge to obama's signature law. all nine people on board of a sightseeing plane have died after it crashed in alaska it went down on thursday. it was found on a cliff 243 meters above a lake nearby. none of the bodies have been recovered yet because of stormy weather and the cause of the accident is being investigated. now, armenians are continue to go protest in the capital against electricity price rises. the demonstrations have turned in to a broader movement against the government and what many see as the country's over dependence on russia. robin is there and sent this report. >> reporter: by day, the heat
keeps protesters in the shade. but the patriotic singing lifts any flagging spirits. it's also a sign that this protest is not just about electricity prices or corruption but about something deeper. about or mean armenia's ability to look after itself. >> russia owns most the infrastructure in or mean yakker the electricity grid. this is something there something people know. and i think it really underlines the grievances. >> reporter: but armenia needs russia. under vladimir putin russia continues to provide a measure of security from armenia's old foe azerbaijan, it has a military base in armenia, but that relationship is under strain. take, for instance, the slaying earlier this year of an armenian family by a russian soldier from that base. and now the price hikes by armenia's russian-controlled power grid.
it's not the relationship between armenia a and russia that's the problem. it's the terms of the relationship. the arrogance and the a symmetry is what's defining and in many ways driving a series of moves of discontent. >> reporter: for all the fun that they are having, what many protesters are worried about is that this movement is somehow being miscast or misinterpreted by one of there are mean i i armenia's closest allies. already russia is claim this is a western-backed revolution. a bit like the way the russian media crossed the ukrainian. [ inaudible ]. these armenians believe something unprecedented is happening, an awakening that maybe they can decide their country's future. and the last thing they want is for outsiders to decide for them them. robin walk he al jazerra,. a state of emergency has
been declared in the russian city of sochi base of flooding. more than a month and a half's worth of rain fell in 24 hours. in the city that hosted last year's winter olympics. rivers burst their banks wrecking homes and carrying cars away. students protest is educational reform have fought with police in chile's capital santiago. they are demanding transparency and wide reform -- wider reform than what the government is proposal. the march began peacefully but became violent after a group of students straight off the authorized routes. police tried to disburse the crowds with watt duncan youngs and tear gas. a centuries old border disbeus between venezuela and guyana has surfaced after significant oil discoveries. now it's now extending claims to include a large area offshore. virginia lopez reports from guy yap a. >> reporter: david martin is still widely recognized all over
guyana, 40 year old after his number one hit not a blade of grass took this small south american nation by storm. to the that song, that most people here think of as the country's unofficial national anthem, is having a revival. ♪ ♪ >> the whole song does not mention venezuela it does not mention boarder crossings or armies or fighting, it's a song about people. you touched on it before, it's a song about people who care about the place they live in. >> reporter: venezuela has long claimed the land west of the river as it's a own. now it's extending these claims to include a large maritime area where exxon mobile has said it made a significant oil discovery. for ambassador cedrick joseph, an expert on the subject the history of venezuelan claims goes back more than 100 years.
>> venezuelan claim that the arbitrary war is null and void. >> reporter: by in the late 20th sen injury venezuela refused toll abide by the rules. >> 49 years have passed and that claim has not been proven. we have to. [ inaudible ] >> reporter: for the 20,000 goo an20,000 guy20,000 layclaim to this area too spell disaster and also see them displaced from their homes. people have lived here during the 150 years that this was a british colony and after independence in 1966, for them, it's hard to imagine being part of venezuela. >> we are just trying to survive. in venture swayvenezuela come in now what, will happen to us. they have to buy us out. >> reporter: as one of the poorest countries in the region, guyana could do with new oil revenue, but first it needs to
find a new tune of reconciliation with its anybody virginia lopez, al jazerra guyana. rwanda's intelligence chief has been released on bail after appearing before a court in london, he was arrested at heathrow airport by british police acting on a european warrants. he's wanted in spain in connection with war crimes after rwanda's 1994 genocide. myanmar's military has belonged constitutional changes. constitutional reforms require a 75% majority in parliament. because the military control a quarter of the seats they are able to block change. the military power has disappointed those that wanted to see civilian control over the country. adam cooper is with the center for humanitarian dialogue in myanmar he says he's not expecting any large scale constitutional reform before the election in november. >> i think the outcome of this vote was to be expected.
what we have seen over the past few years here is the military open up limited amount of political space for a democratic reform process to begin but they have controlled timing of that form process and they have set shop limits on it. and i think for them, the prospects of any large scale constitutional reform before election in particular it would allow. [ inaudible ] to become president, is something which is really just too fast, too soon. so we won't rule out the possibility of constitutional reform sometime in the future, after the election under a new government. but i think that any changes before then are extremely unlikely. a lot hinges a lot on the election, of course, which is tentatively scheduled for november this year. we are hoping that that election will be more free and fair than that in 2010 where there was a number of cases of rigging. that election has a good chance of bringing nld potentially to
power and becoming the largest party in the country. and i think that there is a good chance in that scenario that even if he does become president she will be a king make herb of sorts and be able to fundamentally shape the outcome of the next government, including who will be the president. so yes it's a blow in the short-term to her, but it doesn't mean that the democratic reform process has ended. far from it. now that their ambitions will be thwarted entirely. meanwhile, myanmar has marked world drugs day by burning $155 million worth of seized narcotics the stockpile includes over 20 types of drugs such as opium, haren and ice, me myanmar is one of the world's leading producers of illegal drugs and part of the notorious golden smuggling route with thailand and laws. suffering an armed rebellion
for four decades 10s of thousands of people killed and millions more displaids displaced in the final part of our series, a report on how women there are getting a chance. they say there is more to this now than war. the sea land is home to one of the biggest indigenous tribes in the southern philippines. she has been a weaver all her life. it's a skill she says she learned from her ancestors. she's raising four children on her own making less than 20 u.s. dollars a month. >> translator: this is all right. life is not great but between household chores and a small income i am happy. we do the best that we can. >> reporter: it she is teaching her daughter thousand weave. but not everyone is keeping up the traditions. weaver is a centuries old tradition, but it is one that is slowly dieing out. not only because the skills are not being taught to the younger generation but also because weeks here lack the financial
capacity to continue. a three-meter long mat takes at least two months to make, the patterns are created individually, no pattern is the same. made from pine apple fabrics they are died using tree park anderand herbal extracts. >> the culture of weaving is slowly dieing, materials are expensive, there are only a few weaves left and there are only few buyers as well. for example here, the fabric are expensive sonata lot of people buy. we are now looking at where to market it and luckily we have people who help us in the industry. >> reporter: local merchants have been investing just to keep the industry alive. the weaving its marketability but its value goes beyond money for these women. weaving has become their refuge in a conflict-ridden community. weaving has helped their wound to heal they are say the stories of their land revealed in their patterns.
al jazerra in the southern philippines. don't forget, you can keep up-to-date with all the day's news and sport and all the developments of course on our website, aljazerra.com. that's aljazerra.com. >> this is "techknow," a show about innovations that can change lives. >> the science of fighting a wildfire. >> we're going to explore the inner section of hardware and humanity, and we're doing it in an unique way. this is a show about science by scientists. tonight "techknow" investigates