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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 1, 2015 1:00am-1:31am EDT

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running out the tile. greece misses the deadline for a 1.6 billion euro payment to the i.m.f. ♪ ♪ hello there warm welcome. you are watching al jazerra live from doha. also on the program. the death toll in the indonesian plane crash rises to at least 130 as more bodies are recovered in the city. after half a century of cold war conflict the u.s. and cube a nine agree to reopen their
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embassies. holdhold on a second, at extra tick of the clock just passed us by. we'll explain why. ♪ ♪ greece has missed a 1.6 billion euro payment to the international monetary fundraising fears that it could be on the way out of the euro zone. the focus now turns to sunday's referendum when greeks will vote on whether to accept the latest bailout offer from e.u. creditors. greece's debt problem continues to worsen, but who exactly does it owe money to? germany by far the biggest creditor owed 57 billion euros. frass has owed almost 43 billion our euros euros and italy almost 38 billion, then the imf. spain and the european central bank. barnaby phillips reports now from athens and how ordinary
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greeks are reacting to this crisis. >> reporter: they fear their country could slide out of the euro zone. they call themselves the procedure-europeans, they want a yes vote no sunday's referendums. whatever the outcome many in athens so in good options ahead. he is a typical 29-year-old greek, unemployed, lives with his parents and dismayed by the growing divisions in society. >> i have sign people fighting over should we vote yes should we vote no. are we supposed to make a deal with the creditors. i don't feel optimistic about it at all because if people are against each other, we are not going to get out of this. >> reporter: in this office, margo, a psychologist, councils the long-term unemployed. a joint government e.u. project
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she's had 100 new clients this month. >> we see a lot of anger why? there is a big why why happen this to the country, to me, to my family. many times. the mother and the father are unemployed. and depression. >> reporter: in this crowd many put the blame for greece's predicament on the prime minister alexis tsipras they say he's playing a dangerous game. that he's putting his party's interest above that of husband country. there are widely different predict on his how the greeks will vote on the remember remember dumb. but we do know the divisions are growing deeper and deep. barnaby phillips, athens. at least 130 people are now to have said died after a military transport plane crashed in the indonesian honesty of may
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don. the death toll section peck today rise, 122 people on board the plane remember killed. and there have also been casualties on the ground. stephanie deck has this update from indonesian. >> reporter: the military has updated the number of manges on the plane that went down on. tuesday they said 113 people on board. now that number is over 120. all proved to have died in the crash. the rescue operation is ongoing they are trying to get the bodies out of the wedge are wreckage, horrendous stories we are hearing about body parts it will be hard to identify them and get the bodies back to the families. this is the sixth military fatal crash in the last 10 years raising questions of concern as to how this could have happened. but also some political reaction already in parliament on tuesday. politicians questioning whether the military was plying planes
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that were too old. this particular aircraft from 1964 however, having said that the hercules c130 is an aircraft with an extremely strong safety record. this is something that will need to be addressed. why did it go counsel? we had a statement from the air force they said they will stop flying the hercules c130 until investigations. a lot of questions being asked this is a country indonesia with a very poor air safety record. now we have had six military aircraft going down in civilian areas in the last 10 years. so very serious questions will need to be addressed to try to figure out how this will never happen again. 1200 prisoners have escaped from a jail in southwestern yemen. guards reportedly fled from their posts during heavy fighting between houthi rebels and pro-government forces, suspected al qaeda members are thought to be among those who have escaped. it's the third major jail break since the saudi-led air campaign
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began in march. human rights watch is calling for an investigation for the saudi-head air strikes kristen saloomey has more from new york. >> my wife and four daughters died. all of them. >> reporter: he lost a total of 27 members of his extended family, most of them children when his home was hit by a bomb. >> translator: on that night someone came to ask for my daughter's happened in marriage. i didn't even have time to be happy for my daughter before the strike happened. >> reporter: he was interviewed by human rights watch as part of their investigation that found at least six homes were struck by the saudi-led coalition. they found no evidence the homes were housing fighters. >> there is a clear principle for proportionality in any given strike so the military target would have to be of such a high value that it would justify a
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high level of collateral damage with a number like 27 civilian kills, it's very hard to see how that would be justified. >> reporter: five markets an empty school school and a crowded pet troll station were also hid the focus of the investigation. coalition is attempting to prevent the houthi rebel group from taking over yemen's government. if there was a legitimate reason for strike these civilian targets, saudi arabia has yet to reveal it. neither they nor the united states, a country that supports the nine-nation coalition have yet to respond to human rights watch's request for an investigation. nor despite repeated requests have they responded to al jazerra. with no functioning government in place and a worsening humanitarian crisis, the united nations says its focuses finding a political solution to the conflict. >> from the perspective the united nations all of the violence, all of the sort of destruction that we have seen is
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quite serious. which is why we are trying to push our efforts to get the parties to have a ceasefire or at the very least a humanitarian pause. >> reporter: in the meantime, human rights watch says all sides in a complex and now long-running conflict must follow the rules of war. with no end to the fighting in sight, the hope is to spare civilians, kristen saloomey, al jazerra, the united nations. a professor the political science at kuwait university in beirut he says houthi rebels are also to blame to the civilian casualties in yemen. >> the report by the human rights. [ inaudible ] since the beginning of the operations, there has been newspapering numerous reports about the civilian casualties, but in war collateral damage
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takes place all the time. especially now that the war has been going on for over three months and the houthis they are not regular army they resort to gorilla warfare by using human shields and. [ inaudible ] condemnation against the coalition forces by raiding their arsenal and the result is collateral damage and havecivilian casualties you think forely. six major worlds powers and iran have agreed to extend their talks on teheran's nuclear program until next tuesday allow more time to reach an agreement. it came after the june 30th midnight deadline approached and marathon talks with no breakthrough in sight. our diplomatic editor james bays reports from vienna.
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>> reporter: after a day of consultationsconsultations in teheran the iranian foreign minister was back at the negotiating table with his u.s. opposite number. afterwards, only a brief comment, he said i am here to get a a deal and i think we can. however, earlier when he spoke to iranian journalists, he made it clear there there was still more work to be done. >> translator: i think the negotiations have reached a very delicate stage. we can make progress, but this will require will and a lot of work needs to be done at this stage. >> reporter: also in vienna, the russian foreign minister, sergei lavrov, having also met he compared notes with secretary of state kerry. when he spoke to reporters he gave what was probably the most positive assessment from any of the key players during these lengthy negotiations. >> translator: we have all the ground to suggest that the result is within reach. and we gave an instruction to our colleagues, deputies and political directors to do everything so that in the coming
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days this agreement would be reached. >> reporter: everyone says progress is being made here, but there is a great deal of detail to iron out because this is supposed to be the final deal. that is why the international negotiators, the so-called p5 plus one have extended their interim deal which was due to run out on the 30th of june. james bays, al jazerra vienna. we are looking at live pictures now from greece, long lines of pensioners are forming outside a branch of greece's national bank in agents ends, many have found themselves cut off from any cash as they don't have bank cards to access atm machines and this coming, of course, after athens missed a 1.6 billion euro payment to the i.m.f. raising fears that's country is headed out of the euro zone. the united states is to reopen its embassy in huh van havana,
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an announcement is expected wednesday. it will be the first time since eisenhower was in the white house. our latin american editor lucia newman has more on this from the chilean capital santiago. >> reporter: this decision to renew diplomatic relations which is what will be announced we believe, by president obama and perhaps secretary of state john kerry simultaneously with an announcement made sometime on wednesday morning in havana their time is going to set to open the possibility now to these embassies to be open. it's not clear when the embassies themselves will open their doors probably the cubans will do that first in washington. we understand that according to u.s. legislation at least two weeks have to transpire before the united states can turn it's intersection in havana in to a full-fledged embassy flying the u.s. flag after all these years. they believe that this could allow them to have prosperity,
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economic prosperity, more trade and travel easily between one country and the other. most cubans have relatives also in the united states. so it is a major change for them. coming up on the program beating bribery how the bangladeshi government is taking expensive measures to try to stamp out corruption. where technology meets humanity!
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>> al jazeera america, weekday mornings. catch up on what happened overnight with a full morning brief. get a first hand look with in-depth reports and investigations. start weekday mornings with al jazeera america. open your eyes to a world in motion. ♪ ♪ hello once again welcome bark. these are the top stories right now here a al jazerra. in grease scores of pensioners are lining up outside banks
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trying to collect benefits as they don't have bank cards to take out cash from atm machines, athens has miss aids 1.6 billion euro payment to the i.m.f. raising fears that the country is headed out of the usual ozone. at least 130 people are now said to have died after a military transport plane crashed in i residential area in indonesia i can't. a recovery operation is ongoing and the death toll is expected to rise. it the outers is expected to reopen an embassy in havana and will be a big step towards restoring diplomat i go ties with cuba. the united nation is his set to make a descension on the future of australia's great barrier reef. the attention the reef is getting is a sign of growing concern about its health and the ecological pressure it's under. andrew thomas reports. >> reporter: when you are diving on it, most threats to australia's great barrier reef
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aren't that obvious. although half of it has disappeared over the last 30 years, choose your spot carefully and there are still bright corals and plenty of fish. you don't notice the subtle change in water temperature due to climate change and the coal port being built along the reef's closest point are from here far out of sight. but one threat once pointed out is all too obvious the spikey crown of thorn star fish, there is playing of them down here, they feet on coral and can be toxic to fish. scott is one of a team of people fighting back injecting the star fish with poison, it works but is a huge effort. >> the amount of damage that they can do to the coral and i have seen it firsthand is quite amazing. and the coral is facing enough threats as it is. the crown of thorn star fish at least is something that we can actively do something about. >> reporter: the star fish are thriving because there is an increase in the sea of the micro flanker tan that they feed on.
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one star fish can produce 60 million eggs a year far more are surviving than should. there have been outbreaks of crown of thorn star fish in the past, but this latest one is the worst. and it's human activities on lands that are largely to blame. growing sugar cane is big business along australia's east coast. its farmers use fertilizedders, but when the exemption washes off the land in to rivers and down to the sea the fertilizers feed the flanker tonight tony has changed his farming practices, applying fertilizers much more precisely than he once did. >> basically we are only applying chemical on basically 40% of the area. >> reporter: but once you would have put it everywhere in the old days. >> oh, yeah, yeah. run off from our properties end up in the saltwater so many what we do on this land does affect the reef.
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>> reporter: but he is a relatively young farmer around here. getting his older neighbors to change their practices too isn't easy. when barack obama came to australia last november, he told students he was worried about the great barrier reef and wantedwanted it to be there for his yet to be born grandchildren. his concern oak echos the united nations action globally and locally is need today the reef to survive. andrew thomas, al jazerra. on australia's great barrier reef. luis math son is a reef campaigner with the worldwide fund for nature, she joins us now from business pain in brisbane in australia. welcome to the show. we heard in the story cold temperature, coal ports along the coast and fertilizer the crown of thorn star fish, are those the main threats? the only threats to the grade barrier reef? >> the great barrier reef is one of the world's greatest
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treasurers, it's almost the size of italy or japan so it does face a whole range of threats along its length and absolutely climate change, water pollution and, port development are some of the biggest threats that the reef is facing at the moment. >> okay, and if unesco did decide to put the great barrier reef on its endangered list what would that do on the ground? how might it help protect the reef? >> if the reef was listed, as endangered, it would being great shame for the australian government. it would be an international embarrass think. no one wants to see the reef listed as in danger, what we want to see is the reef' health improve. we think that the world heritage committee by keeping the pressure on the australian government by requiring these reports, by watching closely what is going on on the ground, is playing an incredibly important role in pressuring australia to keep its promises to make greater investment to his make greater effort to his turn around the health of the
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great barrier reef so it's still there for future generation generations. >> so what can be done? what must be done to help protection the health of the reef? >> we need to see a rapid cut in the amount of water pollution from sugar cane farming and other types of agriculture along the coast. we need to see it cut by 80% by 2025 and that's going to be a difficult and costly exercise. we have to see much more investment by the australian government in reducing pollution run off. and that will help stop the crown of thorn outbreaks. the other thing we need is tighter controls on port development. thankfully because of the international pressure because of the outcry by ordinary people everywhere, we are starting to see action on that front. and the australian and queens lands governments are bringing in a ban on the dumping of dredge spoil. and expect that to come in to effect quite soon. but port developments have a lot of other impacts on wetlands and on the coastline. they lead to an increase in
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shipping. so we are still concerned about the impacts of some of the port developments that are proposed. >> luis think thanks very much for joining us here on al jazerra. egypt as president el-sisi has vowed to push through new security laws that would speed up death sentences he was speaking at the funeral of the public prosecute that was killed in a bomb attack on monday. gerald tan has more. >> reporter: june 30th. initially a national holiday in egypt to commemorate protest that his triggers the removal of former president mohamed morrisey by the military way to years ago. in instead it was a day of mourning for the public prosecutors who was assassinate odds monday. at his funeral the current president promised reforms that would make death sentences more swiftly.
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>> translator: the hands of justice is changed bylaws, we will not wait. we will change laws allowing to us implement law and justice as soon as possible. within days criminal laws that help face new developments such as terrorism should be presented. >> reporter: those developments could be a direct reference to monday's assassination. the car bomb bore the hallmarks i've group based in the sinai peninsula which has been wage ago tacks on security forces. police are also investigating if the group was behind another explosion on tuesday in the cairo suburb of six october district. three people were killed. but some stop since leaders are worried that president sisi will use the new laws to further crack down on the outlawed muslim brotherhood group. >> translator: this will lead to nothing but a catastrophe. it will undermine and shake the foundation of justice in egypt. it will undermine the judiciary system in egypt.
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>> reporter: hundreds of muslim brotherhood members have been sentence today death, including ousted president mohamed morsi. he still has many supporters, like these demonstrators calling for his reinstatement and the return of democracy. they say the government is out to crush did descent replacing mass protests with masa jests. gerald tan, al jazerra. tunisian authorities say a gunman who killed 38 38 to havist was trained at an isil camp in libya he was at the same training camp as the two gunmen who attacked the museum in tunis in march. britain's foreign secretary says all the british tourists injured in the attack are now back in the u.k. two of the u.k.'s biggest tour prayeders say 6,000 british tourists will be flown home from tunisia by the end of the week. the governor of new jersey chris christie says he wants to be the next president of the united states.
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he announced his bid for the white house at a rally at his old school in livingston, new jersey. christy is the 14th republican to enter the race. bangladesh is frequently accused of being among the most corrupt countries in the world now. the government is planning to increase the pay of civil servants to try to tackle the problem. >> reporter: trying to get anything done at a bangladesh government office can be a daunting task. the lines can stretch all the way outside and once inside there always seems to be one more form that needs to be filled out. he came from out of town just to get some documents approved for his nephew. it's not the first time he's had to make this trip. >> translator: my nephew came here four or five times for the same purpose, this is my second time. it's so easy to get turned back if you have made a mistake because everything here is so complicated.
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>> reporter: for many people, there is a simple solution, bribery. we went to the passport office, which is notorious for having people who offer fast service for extra payment. these men who work as agents for the officials offered to get me a new passport in three days. it's supposed to take at least nine. he tells me they can do it for an extra $50. the government accepts bribery of its workers most of them poorly paid, is a reality. now a new wage increase is part of an effort to stamp out the practice. but it pay psych provoking controversy he, not all public sector workers are benefiting. among those missing out are teachers. >> i think most of the teachers in southeast asia earns four times more than the teachers in the university in the same ranks. >> reporter: the rise in salaries is tin tended to curb
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crux meant to give government workers less of an incentive to accept bribes, but from the perspective of the teachers it reward the bad behavior of corrupt bureaucrats while ignoring the hard work that they put in for very little pay. it's also unclear how the pay hike will be paid for. it's going to cost the government an additional $3 billion. the initial proposal involved freeing up funds by getting rid of thousands of people in overlapping jobs. but that idea proved a political nonstarter. >> one is cut up because he cannot live with two what he gets. i believe this will settle this issue for good. but now i find this is not the solution that it provides is only small. because it is greed which has taken over everybody and greed is the root of corruption. and i don't know how to fight
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greed. >> reporter: it's a plan that hasn't been fully thought out yet. but that won't upset abu hussein one bit if it means that next time he only has to show up once to get things done. al jazerra. well, time stood still but only for a moment. midnight gmt which was a few hours ago was delayed by one second. the so-called leap second was added to competent for the speed of the earth's rotation. charlie angela reports from greenwich. >> reporter: time, we are often losing it, running out of it. but now we are actually gaining an extra second, a leap second, to keep us in sync with the earth's own sense of time. time used to be measured by the earth's rotation, one complete turn taking 24 hours. then atomic clocks were inning surrendered. they use the vibrations and atoms to measure time with super accuracy, atomic time is constant but the earth's rotation is gradually slowing down.
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the two move out of sync by a fraction each day so we add a leap second every now and a again. but there are consequences of tinkering with time. many computer systems report programmed to deal with the extra second and glitches can happen. satellites and gps systems also struggle to cope with the adjustment. at the royal observe tore at greenwich the home of timekeeping they say precision time is key to society. >> timekeeping is so important to any self saying if you look back to the greeks, egyptians babylonians measuring time was very important for running an urban or agricultural civilization. and it still is today even more so, so that's why this is an issue. that's why we need to know how we are keeping track of time. >> reporter: most years the earth runs bang on time and no adjustment is needed. but in november scientists will vote on whether in this digital age the sleep seconds should be stopped. abolishing them would have no immediate effect. we would hardly notice it.
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but over many millennia clocks might say it's day when it's dark outside. charlie angela, al jazerra london. as ever, there is lots more on our website the address for that is i'm "ali velshi on target", from high atop iran's capital city of tehran. >> a free world cannot allow iran to have a nuclear weapon. >> how much could nations trust the united states. >> this morning iran's president offered the same wild states. >> we seek a comprehensive diplomatic solution. >> this deal will not change iran for the better. >> a difficult and long-lasting