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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  July 11, 2015 7:00am-7:31am EDT

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remembering the victims. bosnia marks the 20 ds anniversary of the srebrenica massacre. hello. i'm in doha with the world news from al jazeera. coming up in the programme - humanitarian truce in yemen is violate on both sides hours after it came into force. greece moves a step closer to securing a multimillion bailout.
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not everyone is happy and the somali street kids groping up in one of the world's most dangerous cities. >> now, foreign dignitaries joined tens of thousands to remember the victims of the srebrenica massacre. the dignitaries laying flowers. led by former president bill clinton and others at the commemoration ceremonies. the memorial includes the funeral of 136 newly identified victims. one of the speakers was serge bremich, the chief prosecutor for the i c.t. y, the body set up to deal with war crimes. >> genocide in srebrenica was a
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result of a deliberate plan designed at at highest leadership levels. these affects that we have repeatedly proved beyond reasonable doubt. denying that it was a generalisation, and it was the decision of two international courts. it's an insult to the victims. >> well this is the ceremony. this is part of the prayers taking place, let's pay our reports and listen
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in. one of the muslim prayers said at the cemetery just outside of srebrenica. this is the 20th anniversary of the srebrenica massacre. there were losses on all seeds of the law. the total number of dead is believed to be approximately 125,000. the majority of those killed were bosnian muslim. in total. more than 68,000 were killed. 23,000 serbs, main orthodox. nearly 9,000 creates died. forces have been targetting the
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areas. nearly 5,000 were killed. almost all were either muslims, serb or croat. they have not been identified. we are joined via skype. a senior associate at a democratic think tang in sarajevo sarajevo. he's writing a book about humanitarian intervention. an emotionally charged day at srebrenica. >> indeed. and the closest things that i heard to a western apology for not preventing what happened in srebrenica 20 years ago came from european officials. judging from listening to the proceedings that i had. >> do you think there'll be a full apology. look at what happened at the european security council. i don't know whether there's an
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apology. not while the main actors are still alive and politic which poetant. i think the judicial record is clear and damning. >> you said the main actors are still alive. this is one of the processes of bringing people to account. is taking so long. is there anything or any plans for that to be changed. >> it's coming to a close. the two main actors on the bosnian serb side maladitch who had a responsibility for the massacre. their trial are ongoing, and they are the last trials ongoing at the hate tribunal. that is within reach. >> we have covered some of the
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main points that took place in the build-up to the war, and during the war, the horrors of that war. on friday. there was something called a march of piece, and it was tied to another moment history called the march of death. take us through the significance of this. this was to commemorate in evers the march of the people trying to flee the srebrenica pocket. to bo nian held territory. it was on that march that many thousands of the victims were captured or killed out right. this is an annual march that gets down to srebrenica drawing participates from around the world to commemorate the victims. the word genocide is so potent
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within this debate. what are your thoughts about if? >> i think from any - the definition of genocide, trying to destroy a group of - people in hole or in part. it's clear that genocide did not only occur in srebrenica it was the single most sanguine area in the war. that genocidal policy started at the beginning of 1992. the war started else are in bosnia it hasn't been adjudicated as such. as prosecutor said in your set up piece. there is - that has been decided as a part of law in a case referring to srebrenica. but it's still very potent because it's seen as an impediment to ongoing political agendas that haven't died with the war, unfortunately. and that is why there's so much
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argument over the security council resolution, british sponsored and russians vetoed. having the g word applied to the republic the entity in bosnia would be seen as an impediment to an independent quest that the president openly declares regularly. >> okay. thank you very much for that. the scenes you see on the right of your screen. they are the masses of crowds. we believe some 50,000 people congregated at the cemetery outside of srebrenica. this is one of the muslim prayers that are taking place and remembering what happened 20 years ago. 136 bodies that have been identified, finally have been laid to rest. the thing to notice to note is
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that in a lot of these cases. it is not always found and able to be buried. we understand that 136 people, the families agreed for them to be buried today, during the commemorations at the cemetery outside of srebrenica. >> we had various dignitaries at this event. 80 foreign dignitaries including bill clinton. former president has been speaking. her royal highness in attending, and fredericka. and various members, leaders from the region itself despite the show of solidarity the reason is far
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from united. some refuse to accept the sass anger. nadim barber reports. >> reporter: this woman lives in srebrenica, to call her determined is an understatement. her husband, two sons and two brothers were killed in 1995. she told me how most of the streets are empty. most bosniaks and others like her fled to other parts of the country. she returned 13 years ago, despite knowing that people implicated in the massacre are still at large. >> translation: if people like me wouldn't return, it puts the question of bosnia into question. so i came back to my family home to live from my memories of my family and loved ones. >> her male relatives are among the thousands buried near her home. every year fresh graves are added to the huge burial site.
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it's not hard to find people living in the area, who not only deny the extent of the crimes of 20 years ago, but reject the label of genocide. in the town itself where the bosnia are a minority. they fly next to the serb entity. the bosnian serb official says attending the anniversary events is out of the question. >> translation: i understand the feelings of everyone who hasn't found the remains of their loved one, there are families on both sides. i think large numbers are ready to look at the future and the problems that happened here come from outside. >> this bosnian academic agrees with him. there's too much attention on srebrenica. but for different reasons. >> srebrenicas use and mention as if it is a separate entity
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that is - that exists in a vacuum. genocide in bosnia started in 1992 as the prosecution is proving in the trials of caro ditch and mel add itch. >> the latest victims are brought to their final resting place. the shared grief of thousands cutting across the generations is made worse by the pain of denial. more on this event to mark the 20th anniversary. al jazeera launched an interactive website. here you can find drone footage. there's picture galleries, maps, videos and the address at the bottom of the screen is srebrenica.
7:13 am stay with us on al jazeera, more coming up.
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>> al jazeera america, weekday mornings. catch up on what happened overnight with a full morning brief. get a first hand look with in-depth reports and investigations. start weekday mornings with al jazeera america. open your eyes to a world in motion. the top stories on al jazeera. foreign dignitaries are among 50,000 people paying reports to the vic sting of srebrenica. botanian serb soldiers killed more than 8,000 bus limb men and boys towards the end of the bosnian war. >> the u.n. banked truce in yemen occurred hours after it game in effect. there has been faking on the
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grund. the truce is supposed to last for a week so aid can be delivered to civilians in need of it. we have more. >> reporter: for thousands wounded in yemen, medicines are running out. places like aiden, sadr, and others have been cut off for weeks. aid agencies warn if humanitarian aid count go through, 6 million could face famine. >> they cannot survive without external aid. it is paramount that we reach the homes and families with the humanitarian aid and supplies and the food or the situation will move into a more positive scenario. >> this is the sigh of tiaz. the forces loyal to the government have been battling
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houthi fighters. the leader cast out on the u.n. brokered ceasefire before it began. >> we don't have much hope for the truce to succeed. we experienced a previous truce. we don't think it will hold. because its success is conditional on the regime and their mercenaries. >> the saudi arabia coalition says it has little reason to hold fire. first of all, before the coalition agrees to any terms of the humanitarian truce, we asked u.n. to ensure that houthis agree to the truce and stick to it and what mebbing ynisms will be -- mechanisms will be in place. the truce cannot last, and i cannot be one in the first place. >> in the hours leading up to the truce both sides exprast an equal lack of trust. it happened before. many expected it ceasefire to
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take place. >> no one expects the ceasefire to be complete. yemen is a lawless country. >> reporter: on the streets of yemen some showed cautious optimism and a dire for peace. we asked the international community for the truce to last longer. >> all yemenis are afraid the truce would not be expected. we need peace so people can move freely. separate yemenis, a hope hinging on the possibility of a fragile truce. >> in vienna, another day ahead of another deadline nor talks. negotiators, including the u.n. secretary of state john kerry have been arriving for the start of more discussions and are trying to get the deal done by monday. our diplomatic editor james bays reports from vienna.
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>> we have had another meeting between the iranians the iranian foreign minister eric garner on one side of the table. and u.s. secretary of state john kerry on the or along with the e.u.'s representative fredericka mog ark rini. at the end john kerry went on twitter saying there were some issues. fredericka didn't come on twitter, but the balcony behind us but in the pantomime way we asked questions to her from some distance. we asked if she was confident about the situation. she said always. and we asked whether they were making progress and she applied simply - we are working. another bit of positive news is some of the other foreign ministers who left vienna are on their way back to the talks.
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what is clear all along is when there is a deal. most of the foreign ministers if not all of them will have to be in place. the presidential of election could be postponed. it was meant to takes place next week. african leaders were forced to stop the end. the violence was sparked by president pierre nkurunziza's decision to seek a third term. eurozone finance minister are due to meet in brussels to discuss a bail out proposal. they have backed a plan including pension reform and tax rises. the european commission and central bank and the international monetary fund all say the reforms are a starting
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point for negotiations. >> economic problems in greece have plenty of its younges and brightest needed. one of the most is australia. it had close links with greeks for decades. andrew thomas has this report from sydney. >> reporter: neil is a greek language newspaper in mecial. melbourne. elie rived in greece editing online magga sequence. -- magazines. when advertisers stopped paying her bills she knew she had to leave. >> i miss greece but i had to survive. i'm one of lucky ones because i'm an australian citizen, my mum is australian so i could come here and get a job. >> the greeks citizens down
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under has a precedent. after the second world war 2,000 brought a ticket to australia. melbourne is home to all but two cities. from 1970 pt trend eversed. tens of thousands returned home with australian of born children. athens as 100,000 people. a collapse to the economy led to a change in direction. 10,000 are said to a left greece for australia. >> it's the biggest problem. people that are productive, young, educated and in the right age to create appropriate conditions are not there to help that system. it's not just young people. two years ago. this man left his job, wife and three children to come to
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australia. >> it's very hard very very hard. >> for me and my family as well. this is what we are doing at the moment. >> like other recent migrants. they were sending money home. the freeze on cash withdrawals and uncertainty means that that is on hold. they are thinking of bringing the family to australia, where international airports are eeg a lot more greeks coming than going. there's no direct flight between greece and australia. greeks are arriving every day. a growing number have no plans to go home. a memorial service for the passengers and crews of the major airlines flight shot down over ukraine last year all 298 passengers and crew died. 43 were malaysian.
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the u.n. is being urged to investigate who shut down the airliner. pro-russian troops have been blamed, russia denies involvement. >> haiti's foreign minister is accusele the dominican republic -- accusing the dominican republic of dumping people like dogs on the boarder. it's part of a dispute since the june 17th deadline to hundreds of thousands to register. a controversial ruling removed sid zenship from people with haitian parents. quarter of a million people. >> there is a plan to legalize undocumented foreigners and 300,000 applied. the dominican government says thousands left voluntarily, and it denies departing anyone. but al jazeera spoke to ram lace of asian -- families of haitian
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dissent would say they have been forced to leave, and seeking to start a new line on the border from where adam raney reports. >> a camp is growing in this dry, desolate landdale. escape -- landscape. in haiti, a few minutes from the bored. most people were living on the other side, working, raising families, many feel they are in a foreign land, one they know little about, where life is hard. for two months this has been home for this man and his wife. the dominican republic say it's not deporting people. >> i was born in the dominican republic, i was coming home from work. immigration authorities grabbed me and deported me to haiti. it's been two months since i
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last saw my children. >> the couple lived a 3 hour drive from here. >> every day they are deporting a lot of people. a lot of peoplethey send them to the border. >> there are signs of expansion everywhere. people are staking out whatever land they can. a pastor that lived in the area for years, showed me around the camp, pointing out new arrivals. >> translation: in the first few days i made a list of 140 deportees that arrived. every day it grows. every day it grows finally i stopped counting. a human contradiction. when told what we found, a dominican immigration official insisted not a single person has been deported. this man lived for 15 years in the dominican republic, working on farms. one of hundreds of thousands of migrant workers, whose labour helped power an economic boom. >> translation: this is an injustice from the dominicans. for years they've been working
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to build the economy, and suddenly they want all of us to leave. many feel abandoned by the haiti government. people say it's a struggle to meet the basic needs. there's no food or water, the closest river is half our walk away and the hatian government has been here once to deliver food. before we left, we lent our phone to this man to call his kids. he tells a friend caring for his children "i'm alive, i'm alive." the signal dropped. a connection lost. who knows when he'll get a chance to speak to them again decade of war and famine left many on the votes. thousands are children and the government says it cannes afford to shout at them.
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>> reporter: these base -- boys are under the age of 13. no one is looking after them. the streets of one of the most world's dangerous cities are home. >> translation: ignited is cold. there are kun shoots. we owe it to hide. we would like somewhere to hide from the cold and would like it to go to the school. every day and night we spend the day and not thinking how we will better our lives. anything can happen to us. years of conflict. often there are thousands of children, many still alive and able to support their families that have lost everything, an entire generation of young boys
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are in effect it is just after 8:00p.m. in mogadishu. and almost every corner on this road. there are groups of young boys, most under the age of 10. they are desperately trying to find shelter and safety. >> morning brings more hardship. none of them ate dinner. finding breakfast is a priority. to do that they must find work. that means wondering the streets of mogadishu, and begg areas are not welcome in the city. >> translation: we beg. we go to the houses and ask if anything is left over. if we are lucky, we find cars to clean. and the little they pay us. and the little they pay us.c we are lucky to have one meal a day. >> reporter: 5,000 young boys live on the streets of mogadishu. they can't afford to look after them. >> it's our responsibility to
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look after and improve the welfare of the children. we are trying to create centers to look after the children. we have no funds. we have been promised fund. >> reporter: the boys have not had much food. keep up to date on the website. stay and angst ridded lewis reflects on his rise from early stand up comedian, to becoming a household name. >> i was broke for a long time. but i was still-- felt like a million bucks, broke living in horrible places, come-- going into a club and seeing these famous comedians come o


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