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tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  July 14, 2015 11:30pm-12:01am EDT

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. >> it is a step away from the spectre of conflict and towards the possibility of peace. >> a shift in middle east politics the u.s. and world powers reach an historic dealing on iran's nuclear programme. the country limits nuclear capabilities in exchange for an end to crippling economic sanctions. iranians hopeful for the future. flood the streets in celebration. iran's neighbours are skeptical of their sworn enemy. >> what a stunning historic mistake. >> while the fight continues on capital hill.
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president obama says he's he's ready for the fight. tonight an al jazeera's special report. iran inside the deal. here is antonio mora. and john seigenthaler. >> evening everyone. an historic agreement in vienna six world powers led by the united states reached an agreement with tehran to curb the country's military grapes, in exchange western powers will drop sanctions allowing them to rejoin financial systems and sell more oil. >> congress has 60 days to view the deal. the deal has faced heavy opposition from republicans and democrats, arguing that the deal is not tough enough. opponents in congress vow to relevant the deal but their power may be limited. lisa stark reports from washington d.c. >> we will fight hard to
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relevant the deal using every tool we have. >>. >> this is short of pervection. >> reporter: the ink on the agreement was did barely dry, already some were ready to oppose it. >> it appears to fall short of the goal that we thought was trying to be achieved, which was that iran would not be a nuclear state. >> that view, expressed by the republican leader of the senate was shared by the republican leader of the house. >> it will hand a dangerous regime billions of declaration in sanctions relief. so >> reporter: congress has been watching and worrying. in may it voted itself into the process, passing a bill requiring the white house to prevent any deal to capitol hill. members from congress can't scuttle the deal. if they disapprove they can stop the president from lifting
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sanctions against iran. president obama promised to veto such a deal. >> this senator bob corker sponsered agreed that bill. >> here is what we'll do. in the next 60 days we'll go through this in great detail, have a thoughtful deliberate process. my guess is based on timings, we'll have hearings in the next 2-3 weeks and likely we'll vote when we return from recess. >> there was a demrims on what hearings may look like. talk about timing. the house foreign affairs committee had a scheduled hearing on "the implications of a nuclear agreement with iran." talk turned to the deal announced hours earlier. one of the big concerns is whether the agreement is verifiable. will the international community really be able to determine if iran is cheating. and there's a worry that the obama administration gave away too much.
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>> saddened. sickened. frustrated over the deal. >> reporter: others argue that it may not be perfect, but it deserves a chance. >> the deal was struck this morning, for god's sake. we haven't talked to scientists, gone to the aie, gone to vienna or talked to our partners, the negotiatiors, that's our responsibility as partners. >> reporter: a thought echoed by the top democrat in the senate. >> it's 100 pages long, i haven't read it. my staff has not read it. i talked to the president last night of the i think what i'm going to do, and i recommend this to all senators, let's find out what we have first. as you can imagine, the 2016 presidential field wasted no time joining the debate over the deal. >> david shuster joins us with more. they got very vocal quickly. >> let's start with the democratic presidential candidates. hillary clinton chose her words carefully, but she supports the
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agreement. >> this is an important step that puts the lid on iran's nuclear programmes, and it will unable us then to turn our attention, as it must, to doing what we can with other partners in the region and beyond, to try to prevent and contain iran's other bad actions. >> fellow democratic candidate bernie sanders said he wants to see the details. the senate issued a statement saying the agreement is: on the republican side there was uniform criticism and anger. billionaire businessman donald trump leading the polls noted that inspectors would not have unfettered access. here he is speaking to n.b.c.
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news. >> any time, anywhere, we should be able to scope. we should go in and inspect. if you don't have that, you have nothing. you know the iranians will cheat. former governor jed bush called it dangerous adding: marco rubio said if he is elected president he'll reimpose sanctions on the regime until it is truly willing to abandon nuclear ambitions. scott walker whoentered the presidential race said: all pledged to comb through the details and make the analysis again after they did that.
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>> thank you. jameel is a former consult, chief council and senior advisor for the senate committee on foreign relations. he's in washington d.c. . you think congress should relate -- reject the deal. tell us why. >> thanks for having me. the thing about the deal is it looks good on the outside. there's a lot of elements to it that appear to meet some of the goals that congress and the president set out. the truth of the matter is the devil is in the details. there are elements that are problematic. iran continues research and developemnt on centrifuges. key players in the iranian regime involved in the nuclear programme and other matters will have sanctions lived. -- lifted. some from the e.u., some from the united states. iran maintains the ability to enrich uranium, and the truth of the matter is that iran has already mastered the nuclear fuel cycle.
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what it doesn't talk about, and what they need time and space to do is come up with a valid design and build delivery vehicles. that's the form of ballistic missiles. >> you are saying that iran wants to buy time, right? >> that's exactly right. the truth of the matter is that iran has the ability to develop enriched uranium, they'll take a look at that. assuming they comply. what they need is space to build a war head and ballistic missiles. this will give them a time, space and money to do that. >> what should congress do. you have been on the hill, how will this play out? >> sure. well, look, congress will take a closer look at the deal. the devil is in the details, it's a long document. i spent a little time going through it. i have to look at it closely. congress will look at it closely. the senate foreign relations
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committee and house foreign affairs committee will dig in deep and have hearings and will vote. i think at the end of the day there'll be a majority in both houses that will reject the deal. the president will veto the rejection, we'll see what happens affidavits. -- affidavits. >> could congress stop the deal? >> congress has the ability, if it overrides the president's veto, it can take away the authority given to the president to wave the sanctions. in this situation the president can waive and implement the deal. it requires a veto-proof majority. >> if they can't get it, what happens, and what position does that leave the united states and the world in, in your opinion? >> yes, look, it's a very challenging situation. if congress votes against the deal, which it's likely too, it takes a lot of political strength out from the deal. as it should. it's not a today deal for the united states. iran has succeeded. celebrations are taking place in tehran, and what president hassan rouhani said. and what vladimir putin said,
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this is a day - sorry, go ahead. >> i was going to say, you can hear the political candidates, a lot of them screaming bloody murder. i mean, they are angry about the deal. they are upset about the deal. should politics play a big role on whether or not the deal on iran is nuclear. >> absolutely not. this should be a policy decision. the question is, is this a good deal for the united states, and the president said that no deal is better than a bad deal. the truth of the matter is they have reached a bad deal. we gave up every major element. we asked for them to close out fordos. it will be open. we said no enrichment. they'll enrich. we said any time there was access to military sights we would manage access. the deal is between 8-15 years at the outside. it was only in 2003 that we learned about iran's nuclear programme.
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the weapon's programme, and it's been 10 years since that. that's a problem for us. >> we'll see what happens. good to have you in the programme. thank you very much. >> thank you for having me. >> with the iran nuclear deal done, activists say it's time to turn attention to human rights violations next, why the situation could get worse before it gets better, and a look at how the relationship between the u.s. and iran, how it went downhill more than six decades ago.
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>> ali veslshi brings you a rare firs
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oo [ ♪♪ ] >> announcer: an al jazeera special report, iran - inside the deal - continues. welcome back. some critics of the nuclear deal point to the human rights record. >> by most acts tehran is holding hundreds of political prisoners, including three americans. >> reporter: many activists are welcoming the deal as a way to promote peace. now they say they should prioritise human rights.
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>> a lot of human rights, civil society activists in the country should be hopeful that once a deal is reached, the space, political space for civil society will open up. >> reporter: they say the situation is dire, the special reporter on humans rights in iran reported a surge in executions, more than 750 last year. hundreds of political prisoners are beyond bars, including journalists, lawyers and activists. opposition leaders have been under house arrest since 2011. there are still at least three iranian americans in prison. 'washington post' correspondent jason resien had his third hearing in an espionage trial on monday. . >> he's not a mudder are or spy. this type of detention is hurting him. it's hurting his family, we want him on bail. >> the pastor is serving
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eight years in prison allegedly for holding private gatherings, the former head is charged with espionage, which is denied. the family said in a statement: retired fbi agent robert levinson scene here in a video posted on youtube, went missing in iran in 2007 >> there's not a day that goes by when we don't thing of him, how much he must be suffering, and what we can do to bring him home. >> activists say human rights may get worse before it gets better. as hardliners try to undermine president hassan rouhani. but they hope in the long run, bringing iran out of international isolation will force the world to pressure it to improve its human rights record. >> the international community can pay attention and focus on human rights situation, and use the leverage that it has in terms of political and economic
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leverage to push tehran and to stand by human rights obliges. >> president barack obama says sanctions in relation to human right violations will remain in place. today it's hoping for human rights between the two countries to be better. >> ali velshi reports. >> there's a history of hostility between iran and the united states that spans decades. for americans that history dated to 1979. there was more chanting and shouting today. that's when radical students fired up by the iran islamic revolution. stormed the u.s. embassy in tehran, and took 52 americans hostage. >> the capacity lasted 244
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-- 444 days. for iranians, hostilities with the u.s. started quarter of a century earlier, when prime minister led an elected government at a time when iran was experimenting with democracy. yet at the height of the cold war, the u.s. opposed mosadic because of plans to nationalize iran's oil industry. back then it was dominated by british interests, u.s. leaders accused him of being a communist. his crime was he was saying that this money we get from the oil is not enough. we need more. >> iran was only getting 16% of what the british said they were making in profits off oil sales. saudi arabia and venezuela were both getting 50%. >> in 1953 the c.i.a. orchestrated the remove of a democratically elected prime minister putting the shah
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firmly in control. over time, the hatred for the shah grew deep. are and the americans that supported him. the c.i.a. occupied the second floor of this building referred to as a den of spies. >> by 1979 iran was in the throws of an islamic revolution. popular protests led by iran's senior muslim clerics deposed the shah, denouncing the role in supporting him by the u.s. up until that point, america never faced off against a political force using islam for motivation. >> things came to a head when protesters breached the walls of the american embassy in iran. they justified the assault on fears that the u.s. may support a coup, bringing the shah back
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to power. diplomatic relations were severed. in the 1980s, iran accrued the u.s. of backing saddam hussein during the war. in 1988, the u.s.s. vinsnse shot down an iran passenger jet. off the iran's southern coast, killing over 200 people . the u.s. never formally apologised for the attack. despite the bad blood, most iranians we talked to say they like americans, just not american foreign policy. i like american muscle cars. i don't hate america. 77 years passed since the revolution. the current people you see, 40 years or younger, very have no memory of the shah's regime, they don't have a memory of americans doing bad things. now we have nuclear
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negotiations. this is an opportunity for the west. >> now that a deal on iran's nuclear negotiation is in place with the u.s. and other world powers, some hope that is signals a new direction in hostility, it will not happen overnight. >> ali velshi joins us. this narrative, this difference in narrative for the iranians and the americans, how big a part does that play in the identity of the average iranian? >> i have to tell you, it's the single most striking part of the two weeks in iran. when you go from the west, you have a narrative that i read about. for the average american. this starts in 1979 with the overthrow of the shah and instatement of the islamic republic and clergy. the theocracy that runs the country. that is not the starting point for iranians, it is in the early part of the 20th century, the brits rain the oil operations giving them 16%, venezuelan were
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getting 50%, saudis 50%. they wanted 50% from the british government. they said "no way, it's 1953 after world war ii, we have to rebuild our country, you are a bunch of ingrates. a guy runs for office. in 1950, and he says i'm going to nationalize the oil company. he wins, he nationalizes the country. -- company. and the brits want the americans to take out the government. the americans say i don't have a dog in this hunt. i'm not interested in getting involved in this. the brits tell the americans, the communists are going take over iran. that's all the americans needed to here. they took out that government. install the shah and he sat there until 1979, and in 1979, as far as many iranians see it, they got the democracy back. that's the difference in the narrative. it's hard to have a negotiation
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or interplay between people, who have the same things that happen. and see them differently. >> it's a problem when we tauk about one series of events, humany taking over and the u.s.s. "vincenz" was 27 years ago. seems like it's almost ancient the history used against the minister. -- americans. >> u.s.s. "vincenz it's something that slipped from my consciousness and i see the billboards around the city. it shows a ship firing a missile at a plane. it was 1988 that they shut down a passenger airliner. from southern iran to dubai. you know, those - it's like a 9/11 to the iranians, they remember it, it was an accident. the u.s. never apologised but
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provided compensation. these things get stuck. they are looking for agreement, understanding that the iranians have a reason to does trust the u.s. the u.s. needs no convincing that it has reason to distrust iran. even though this deal is largely going to be seen as positive, it's not going to be the beginning of a friendship. a lot of things will happen. before the two countries accept what they have done to each other, accept the realities of their histories, and maybe one day there can be a productive relationship between them. ali velshi good to have an historical perspective on how iranians look at the united states between the two countries. thanks. >> coming up next in our special report, news outlets across the globe react to the nuclear deal. we'll look at what they are saying. and concerns easing economic sanctions could increase iran's destabilizing influence.
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now the global view segment. the reaction to news. the focus is the iran deal. the jerusalem "post" offers this opinion piece, saying that the deal will most likely cause tensions between the u.s. and israel, and between president obama and prime minister binyamin netanyahu. it also falls to binyamin netanyahu for leaving israel marginalized and left out of the negotiations and this from the israeli newspaper writing that it will allow iran to interfere in syria, saying that sanctions will free up billions. of dollars enabling iran to prop up the bashar al-assad regime, and that the deal could reduce international criticisms of iran said roll in syria.
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the website of a german public broadcaster offers this tape titled the real works starts now. >> the deal is touted as historic, but more work needs to be done before it becomes history. one of the biggest hurdles is the u.s. congress. some leaders in the middle east worry that the deal could be >> reporter: with this historic iran's influence at a time the region is in crisis. >> reporter: with this historic nuclear agreement, iranians can throw all the chain of sanctions. exports are expected to sky rocked. billions in trade and invest in sectors such as oil, aviation, housing and technology. it could be pumped into the iranian economy. >> it was a gold mine. >> it has a huge population, it has an able citizenry that can work and be creative and do more than manual labour. it has a strong regional link. it has years and years of missed opportunities to make up for it.
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>> reporter: it could be a new era for iran in terms of a reconfigured role. amid the sanctions. iran's influence grew. iran is the main shi'a power broker in the middle east is backing the rebel houthis pushing the president into exile, drawing support through the saudi-led coalition. saudi arabia is iran's primary rival in the region, a critic of a nuclear deal. iran extended its reach in iraq. it is i'm training fighters in the battle against i.s.i.l. in syria it's propping up the government with money, weapons and manpower. iran's allies in lebanon the shia armed group in hezbollah sent fighters to the syrian front line. the political analyst says if
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saudi arabia and the gulf cooperation council continue to take a stance, the incident of iran's influence could be contained. >> it will vastly expand in economic fields, technological fields. the iranians were advanced. social and cultural, tourism and education. and the back of that you'll get a strong political new relationship. >> now that the u.s. and iran reached a detente after years of being enemies, iran's pposition is expected to shift in the middle east. how can't be predicted we'll take a closer look at the israeli perspective tomorrow on al jazeera america former israeli prime minister ehud barak discusses the deal on the morning news 8:30 eastern. that's it for the special coverage inside the deal. >> i'm antonio mora. >> i'm john seigenthaler. thanks for watching.
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celebrations on the streets of iran after an historic nuclear deal is reached with six world powers. i'm darren jordon in doha with the world news from al jazeera. >> the world is a much more dangerous place today than it was yesterday worries in the middle east. president obama says the nuclear deal will make the world safer. painful but necessary, greece's prime minister defends a tough bailout plan ahead of

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