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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  July 19, 2015 3:00pm-3:31pm EDT

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>> the fighting intensifies as there are key gains on several fronts. hello, i'm felicity barr. this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up. the deal may be done for iran's nuclear program but the u.s. must convince some of its allies that they are still safe. apologizeing to american prisoners it forced into labor during second world war. we meet people working with
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technology to save the sounds of the past. hello, we begin in yemen where houthi fighters have fired artillery shells in the port city of aden. there is more than 40 dead and 100 injured. the attacks happened just two days after the government in exile has claimed that aden had been recaptured from houthi forces. yemen's third largest province taiz where we have reports. >> a fireball lights up the night sky in taiz accompanied by the sounds of explosions one after the other. the government says houthi fighters set fire to an oil refinery with 3 million leader capacity. they put out the fire but not
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before the main supply for the provinces taiz and ebb was destroyed. taiz is yemen's third largest province with both sides shifting their focus to taking control of the province. fighters on both sides are reported to have been killed. >> we will sacrifice by our swords, our money and what we want to eliminate it from our oppressors who captured our country. >> fighters loyal to the government said that the saudi coalition has launched three aches streisand on the ground they've been able to stop the advance of houthi rebels in two districts. health officials tell al jazeera that hospitals were busy treating the dead and injured after mortar shells hit a
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densely populated residential area. the residents blamed the houthies. but several government ministers have returned for the first time since being forced to escape. now there is talk of rebuilding it's battered city. >> one government minister said that at least 100,000 people in aden have been displaced since the war began. al jazeera. >> well, we have more from aden. >> as one fighter put it, when the houthies sense defeat, they start to open artillery and rockets on the residential area. that fight is in the north of aden and they're heavily populated primarily with
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refugees. so, do we have now confirmed for 48 dead and 182 injured out of the 48 dead at least 10 children are fatalities. so this area has seen some clashes before because it is a point of aden. but now the fighting has intensified over the past 48 hours. >> the u.s. congress has been handed the details of the historic deal agreed between iran and six world powers last week. for monday congress will have 60 days to decide whether to reject or accept it. president obama barack obama said that he'll veto any domestic objection to the deal, but he may have to work hard to convince his international allies that it is for the good of all. secretary of defense ash carter is heading to israel, the latest
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u.s. official to head there in defense of the charm offensive. well friday iran's supreme leader made his comments about the agreement and he said that it will not change tehran's attitudes towards the u.s. the israeli prime minister said that this proved his point. >> if anyone thought that the sweeping concessions for iran would bring about a change in its policies they have receive a decisive answer over the weekend in the aggressive and provocative speech of iran's ruler. they don't even make an effort to hide the fact that they will use the hundreds of billions of dollars that they will receive in this deal to arm their terror machine, and they say clearly that they will continue their fight against the united states and it's allies headed by israel. >> well, meanwhile the business of doing business with iran is already starting. germany's economy minister has arrived in tehran and spain has
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similar plans. there are business opportunities now that sanctions are lifted. >> there is a flip side to years of economic isolation that happens when you finally emerge from it. when the population of 80 million people waiting businesses are understandably keen to engage with iran. this is no southern thing. steps have been taken in the past year as these nuclear negotiations have been happening. it means already iran is finalizing oil and gas fields with the biggest crude producers. aviation tehran needs 400 new aircraft to replace its aging fleet. germany expects to sell more cars more chemical and renewable energies to iran. exports could export to $10 billion euros. and the wall street journal is
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reporting that apple is looking for a distribution partner in iran the tech market there is estimated to grow $16 billion annually from just $4 billion now. all told, they're likely to spend $176 billion this year. there is an annual disposable income at stake and with those numbers it looks like the queue at tehran's door looks like will be a long one. >> kamal was talking about the business opportunities, but i wonder if you could set the scene for us and describe what it's been like for iranians ordinary iranians living under sanctions, many of whom never have known a life without sanctions, of course. >> exactly felicity. the sanctions have been around for over three decades since the beginning of the islamic
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republic after the revolution. most of the u.s. sanctions had started already. but over the past year specifically with president obama actually the sanctions have gotten to what the u.s. calls more crippling and with the economic and financial sanctions put in in the end over the past for years it has been crippling for the iranian economy. it has everything to do with the iranian industry and every day lives. hospitals, even the doctor's office any place that deals with equipment, the population has been feeling it very strongly and closely in their every day life. that's why they've been waiting for the sanctions to be lifted. >> and they've lived up to those sanctions for so long and dealing with the fact that they can't get hold of certain
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materials. >> exactly. it's not just the industries. it's the ordinary iranians, the small business owners and people who do any kind of online transactions, younger people who are trying to get their hands on all kinds of foreign products, equipment, not that they don't flow into iran, but there have been so many restrictions that prices have gone up. in certain areas like medicine it has been very tricky specific medicine or medical devices have had a very difficult time finding irans are had a very difficult time finding them and bringing them into iran. it's been affecting iranians in different levels of society and economic class. it's just something that i would say the majority of the iranian population shares and is waiting for to be lifted. >> so how optimistic do you think people are that their lives will improve and improve quite quickly? >> iranians have been quite
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optimistic. everybody i speak to on the ground and in iran. even iranians outside of iran have been affected by these sanctions. people have been very optimistic since the election of rouhani and the new information, they have completely shifted from the previous administration's path as far as engaging with the world, there has been hope greater than any other specific changes we could see. we could see improvements in the economy of the past two years and after the term agreements with the nuclear deal. the iranian market started responding to it. foreign investors are looking back to iran, investing and the economy. people have a great hope of the economy improving. they've seen some parts of it, but i feel like the feeling of hope as a young iranian told me the hope of having a better future a year from now something that iranians didn't have three years ago, is the greatest that they're feeling as far as concrete measures that
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the government would need to take and also with the sanctions that would come forward in people's lives. >> great to get your perspective on this. joining us there from new york. thank you. >> thank you. >> egypt's military said that it has killed dozens of what it is calling terrorist in the sinai peninsula. 59 people killed and vehicles destroyed with the explosives. a number of armed groups have operated along the peninsula. six simultaneous blasts have hit northern gaza injuring two vehicles. self any decker sent this report. >> this car belonged to a hamas fighter. the bomb placed under the fuel
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tank. >> it was a huge explosion that shook the neighborhood. we first thought israel was attacking us. but then we learned it was from within gaza. we must protect each other. >> they said that all is under control and a number of ashes have been made, but no group has been made. attacks over the past few months have often been claimed by groups who have sworn allegiance to the islamic state in iraq and the levant. they've recently threatened to topple hamas. they say happens is trying hamas is trying to destabilize gaza. >> these groups sometimes provoke israel by launching missiles against israel, and any provocation against israel will cause hamas because israelis hold hamas as the responsible party for any missiles or mortar
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shells coming out of gaza. >> the impact it is halving is on the people here. much of gaza has not been rebuilt. there is high unemployment, and israel maintains its blockade on the strip. after that the attacks coming from within. >> i'm really afraid. what will be next? now maybe next it's a mosque or hospital. you never know. >> the groups say they want hamas to implement islamic law and feel that their leaders are being too lenient with israel. they are putting pressure on hamas to show that they're in control. >> when it comes to maintaining security here, something that their leaders said that they could do. it's not the first attack by hamas inside gaza it is the biggest. it has been seen as a strong message and something that has hamas extremely concerned.
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>> now within a matter of host cuba and the united states will restore diplomatic relations reopening embassies closed for a half century. the u.s. broke off relations with cuba in 1961 two years an of revolution led by fidel castro. now they have announced plans to restore relations. washington has removed cuba from its list of state sponsors of terrorism paving the way for restoration of full ties. our latin america editor lucia newman has this update from havana. >> this is a very significant day. the last day in which the cubans and the united states will not be having diplomatic relations after more than a half century. the fact that they'll each be opening up embassies does not
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mean that the relations will be back to normal or the way they were before the cuban revolution. far from it. there is still the u.s. economic embargo in place. the guantanamo naval base is still oned by occupied by the united states. cuba is demanding that it be returned. there are still economic differences between both countries, but this is a huge game changer almost every single cuban has a friend or relative living in the united states. the fact that the countries have a little bit more of a normal relationship for them is a huge, huge change. >> well, still to come on the program, a small step towards normalcy in greece as they prepare to open its banks. and little time to talk as the presidential elections in burundi draw ever closer.
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>> from oscar winning director alex gibney. a ground breaking look at the real issues facing american teens on -
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>> hello again welcome back a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. 45 people have been killed where 120 injured in shelling on yes, ma'am's potter city of aden. the attacks happened two days after yemen's government in exile declares that aden had been retaken from houthi forces. >> the u.s. will restore diplomatic relations in a few
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hour's time reopening embassyies closed over a half century in cuba. 11 iraqi soldiers have been killed in fighting with israeli andrea mad di. the military is trying to retake the provincial anbar province. it fell in isil hands in may. thousands of people have fred the fighting in anbar with many head to go baghdad. iraq has started closing a key bridge that people use to reach the capital. imran khan went to find out more. >> on the other side of that bridge there are a number of families we don't know how many that are fleeing the violence from anbar province. now the government has shut the bridge down. it's not allowing anybody to get across. now, we don't know why that is. we know that the bridge has been killed for a number of days now. in the past the governments have said that they're worried about isil fighters disguising themselves as those who are
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dispraised and coming in to brag dad. whatbrag--in baghdad. you can see over here that they have gas canisters and food stuff, now these guys have been queuing up here most of the day and they're waiting slowly for permission to go across. there are a number of residents in anbar province that clearly need supplies like these. however, there are those people who are building up on the other side of the bridge who want to get out and they're not allowed to. >> talks aimed as ending the stalemate between burundi's ruling party after the government side did not turn up. time is running out as the presidential election is expected to take place on tuesday. we have reports on the concerns of ordinary people. >> 18-year-old was told not to come to work until burundi's economy improves.
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he was a waiter. but after weeks of unrest his bosco not forward to keep the restaurant open. the $50 he earned a month helped 20 look after his mother, brother, sisters. >> i don't have anything to do except stay at home. >> things worsened politically and economically after the president announced he was running for an unconstitutional third term. many businesses have closed down. >> this restaurant has been closed for four months. families say that they're struggling. some have left the country. others say that they're staying put. they're not going anywhere. they're going to wait and see what happens after tuesday's elections. politicians say they're trying to resolve their differences but they can't agree on forming a government of national unity and possibly postponing the election. some worry that time is running out. >> the major threat now is these people who are attempting the coup and they're lies. they've gone outside of the country, and they can be just
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joined by some others. and they have already waived the threat of seizing weapons and fight. >> the president is not concerned that some may be trying to remove him from pow. he's confident that he'll be re-elected. the government did not attend talks to end the crisis. >> we have to hold until the government is ready to go to dialogue. >> families who decided to stay in the capital for tuesday's election worry about their children. they hope that there will be no more violence during and after the controversial election. al jazeera burndi. >> the japanese firm mitsubishi will offer a landmark apology
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for using forced labor in 1942. the japanese government issued apologies to pows in 2009 but this will be the first made by a private company. well the mines in japan 500 american pows were forced to work in the mines, but there were thousands from the philippines, korea and china. the u.s. pow james murphy said of his experience it was slavery in every way. no food. no medicine. no clothing, no sanitation. banks in greece are due to reopen on monday after being closed for three weeks. they were shut down to prevent a run on the banks after a second bail out program expired in june. it will allow the maximum of 420 euro as week replacing the daily
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limit of 60 euros. we have more from athens. >> people have wanted the banks to be reopened. they've been closed for as you said over three weeks now and there have been so much exhaustion here about all this debt deal drama. the government clearly trying to inspire more confidence in the greek citizenry. clearly saying, look, we're going to get the economy back on track. they would like people here to start depositing money back into the banks. they don't want a run on the banks. that's why they keep restrictions in place that's why a maximum limit of 60 euros a day, although that is relaxed now. instead of being able to take out 420 euros a week, you can take 420 euros out at once in one day, for example. still there are people with anxiety and people still not having faith in the financial
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institution, in the banks. what will happen tomorrow, how will greeks react many believe this will restore normalcy to an economy that is so weary from all that has gone on in the past few weeks. >> donald trump has criticized the war record of one of his fellow republicans in the u.s. presidential election. many republicans are furious and have defended john mccain a former prisoner of war. >> donald trump is not known for holding back his opinions. now the u.s. presidential hopeful has mocked fellow republican senator john mccain. >> he's not a war hero. >> 's a war hero. >> he's a war hero that was captured. i like people who were not captured. i hate to tell you. he is he he was a war hero because he was captured. >> trump was attacking mccain because he lost the 2008
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election to current president barack obama. many republicans have rushed to mccain's side going on twitter to defend the former prisoner of war whose who was tortured during his five and a half years being held. trump has made headlines with his usual brand of blunt comments. few were spared. >> hillary clinton clinton was the worst secretary of state in the history of our country. >> on mexican migrants. >> they're taking our jobs. they're taking our manufacturing. they're taking our money. they're taking everything, and they're killing us at the border. >> it's the kind of speech that both ex-sites and divides voters and this time is no different. gerald tan al jazeera. >> the world champion has fought off a shark attack during a competition on sunday. the australian was taking part
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in the final in south africa. now these pictures show him punching the shark in the back. he and fellow aussies were helped out of the water and the final was later called off. his leg rope was bitten in half but he escaped without injury. sounds from history extinction bird songs and lost accents among thousands of recordings recorded in the british library in london. but this unique collection of sounds could be lost forever unless they're digitally preserve: neave barker reports on the race against time and money. >> some sounds are so rare that this is the only place left where they are still be heard. like the voice of one of the
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most important writers in the english language, james joyce and this, the play right of george bernard shaw. >> i've given a specimen of spoken english. among them test recordings of may must movie sound tracks, and accents in the development of the english language. but some of the records are in a fragile state. >> i think we have about 15 years for seven million
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recordings it's not long at all so we need to redouble our efforts. >> the recordings are stored in a range of format reel-to-reel and cassettes. >> firstly, before the recordings deter grate any further, and secondly, before the means of playing these recordings disappear forever. >> one precious sound is the extinction bird from hawai'i. but it's far from easy listening. >> this we understand was the last male singing for a female, and the female had died in a typhoon in the year before, so it's incredibly moving. [ bird singing ] >> the british library may not have the power to save rare species from extinctionings but they're working tirelessly to
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keep the sounds alive. neave barker at the british library in london. >> more on the stories at our website. the address is in part because of what's happening here in north dakota where advances in fracking have unlocked crude oil in the bakken shale formation in the western part of the state. north dakota is now producing more than a million barrels of oil a day. ten years ago there were fewer than 200 oil-producing wells in the bakken. now there are more than 8,000. >> they call it boomtown usa this is where all the money is. it's crazy the amount of money you can make here. >> this rapid pace of development and the flood of workers coming here, has given north dakota the lowest unemployment rate in the us. but it's also raised questions over the dangers of working in the oil fields. >> the more jobs you complete, the more money you make. the faster you complete them


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