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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 20, 2015 2:00pm-3:01pm EDT

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>> tdges. this is al jazeera. >> hello there i'm barbara serra. this is the newshour from al jazeera. coming up in the next 60 minutes. cuba and united states restore diplomatic ties after a half century. >> draft resolution has been adopted unanimously. >> the u.n. security council endorses a nuclear deal between iran and western powers.
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chad's former president habre is defiant as he faces a senegalese court charged with crimes against humanity. >> we'll have the latest in golf's open championship as jordan spieth misses out on a third major. fifa announces a date of their next presidential election. withness glrk hello there >> hello there welcome to the newshour. each country reestablished embassies in the other's capital and a short time ago the cube annal flag was raiseover cuba's new embassy in washington d.c. deteriorating relations between the utle and the then-cuban leader fidel castro castro culminated
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into the cutting off of ties. while in washington, d.c we are waiting for anews conference between the u.s. secretary of state john kerry and the cuban foreign minister bruno rodriguez, that is about to start, we'll cross to it live, while we're waiting for that to happen, we'll speak to al jazeera's tom ackerman. what hurdles actually remain to formalize be be be relations between the two countries? >> while secretary of state john kerry is not alluding to many in detail the foreign minister of cuba at the remarks he made at
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the opening of the cuban embassy about an hour or so ago was more detailed. he talked in particular about the guantanamo naval base, which the united states has been opening for the past half century which the be cuban government has been considered an affront. even though cuban government objects to it but can do nothing about it. but of course also the pain point which is the trade embargo which as the foreign minister said was really something that has been restricting cuba's rightful activities and in particular the freedom of commerce with the united states. the foreign minister is also, we've been hearing that they've been meeting for apparently over the 45 minutes that were allotted to their meeting prior
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to this news conference. the foreign minister will, as well as the secretary of state say that this will be a long and involved process of normalization. so there is no timetable here. in particular, the fact that the embassy in havana, the u.s. embassy in havana will be opened and secretary of state kerry will be going there on august 14th for the formal -- for the formal ceremony, the fact that it opens will not really change very much on the ground in havana. the visa process will continue as also exists in the interest section that has been opened actually since 1977. but the question here is for example how much freedom of travel will american diplomats have to go around cuba and to talk to cubans in all walks of
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life. that has been a sticking point in all negotiations that are here the assistancance -- the insistence that they not be restricted from talk to dissidents in the past. kerry in part will be speaking in spanish in part of his remarks here. so that will be something that you'll obviously -- is intended for the spanish speaking audience. and for the cuban government. but of course the cuban government has been censoring broadcasts from the united states for decades. these are broadcasts that are specifically beamed to cuba, even to the point of having zeppelins dirzeppelins diririgibles.
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senator marco rubio of florida who is a republican hopeful on the ticket pointed out to the fact that there are 2800 political arrests in cuba in the past year alone. how much of that would change? the cuban government has made no specific commitment so far as we know. although it might be noted that just last week they lifted a house arrest that had been in existence for past two years on a very prominent dissident writer. so whether that is a signal of things to come, again we don't know. finally, there's the question of, as far as the objections here in the united states, when we talk about coe rubio and other cuban americans in congress leading the charge against the obama administration initiative rubio says that he will block any attempt to nominate an ambassador to the
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embassy in havana. how much of that will restrict the actual -- the actual exchange of communications. so you can see there's a long list here on both sides. barbara. is. >> and that's >> and that's why it's going tobe so interesting tom ackerman, we are waiting for that news conference. let's cross to havana and speak to our latinlucia newman. lucia explain to us how historic is it that we have the two foreign ministers from the u.s. and from cuba addressing a news conference for us and is there anticipation in havana as well? >> absolutely. cubans have been glued to their television sets since this morning watching first the flag raising ceremony and now they will also be watching that news
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conference which had not happened for more than half a century as we've been saying. in fact millions of cubans right now are probably remembering the prophetic news of their former president fidel castro in 1973. he was asked if he thought the united states and cuba would renew their ties, he said when the world has a latin american pope and the united states has a black president. they never felt they would see this day. these fortified walls were built when cuba was still a spanish colony. a country under siege. in the 1700s it was from the europeans and pirate attacks and more recent times from the united states. wanda roghtdz rodriguez remembers
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coming here with her students. >> we felt we had to protects ourselves from possible attacks from the united states. >> reporter: that's why the renewal of diplomatic relations with the enemy as generations of cubans have seen the united states is a long awaited game change are. >> it is a why of bringing us a little bit closer together after being separated so long. every cuban has a friend or relative living in the united states, what's happening now makes us very happy so we don't have to resort to this again. >> reporter: in historic terms it was only yesterday that the deployment of soviet missiles to cuba brought the world to the brink of a nuclear holocaust. >> all that's left of a lookout
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post used by cuba's coast guard they would stand here night and day in case there was an invasion by the united states by sea. but now they're looking towards the united states simply fishing. does not erase political differences. but psychologically it is as though a curtain is being lifted for most cubans. >> translator: geographically we are so close that probably there is no latin american country better prepared to one day be real brothers. you will see. >> reporter: but forgetting 50 years of hostilities is not so easy especially for people like carla cruz, the 79-year-old president of her neighborhood cdr or committee for defense of the revolution says she doesn't trust americans. >> to begin with they haven't lifted the embargo against cuba nor returned guantanamo to us.
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but here we are renewing ties after all with sixed people. >> clearly turning this building into a u.s. embassy does not mean cuba has a friend across the straits but it does mean it doesn't have an enemy. >> we'll cross again to lucia newman, we have arrived here thanks to fidel castro. what do you think he meant by that? >> reporter: well, what he was trying to say is that fidel castro was the leader throughout most of these years of cold war between the united states and cuba. he resisted and actually survived and many times boasted that he had survived countless u.s. administrationers' attempts to undermine communism. even though he's no longer the president, the cubans or the cuban government felt it was thanks othis resistance that they got to where they are
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today. his brother raul castro is boasting they have not had to make any major concessions to their political system or to their national sovereignty to restore their diplomatic ties. it is a long way to go before the ties will be considered normal. there is an embargo in place and a lot of tensions between the two countries. >> lucia newman, speaking to us from havana, lucia thank you as always for that. just a reminder for the viewers we are waiting for that news conference between the u.s. secretary of state john kerry and be cuban foreign secretary bruno rodriguez. we'll bring that to you live as soon as the two men appear. the u.n. security council has unanimously endorsed the iranian nuclear deal.
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the five permanent members of the council along with germany have agreed to lift sanctions against iran and in return iran has agreed to limit their nuclear program. james bays has more. >> binding international law starts the clock for the program for the implementation of the deal known as the joint plan for comprehensive action. the sanctions will be lifted once the nuclear agency the iaea has confirmed that you iran has scaled back its program. >> 90 days from today when we have had a chance to review the provisions the sanction he relief will begin only when iran verifiably completes the necessary steps to bring its nuclear program in line with the
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deal. >> reporter: iran's imoor to the u.n. made it clear the deal could have positive repr cukses repercussions beyond the program. >> we earnestly hopes it turns the pages in our region, fighting against violent extremism and move towards more cooperation, to address the grave threats that the region and the world face. >> israel's ambassador to the u.n. was not invited to speak in the security council but he made sure he briefed reporters the moment the announcement ended. >> today you have awarded priority to the most dangerous country in the world. >> the you know, congress has 60 days to review the deal with iran and u.s. diplomats had hoped that the u.n. security
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council review would have happened after that time. the timing of the vote itself was one of the concessions that needed to be made. james bays, al jazeera at the united nations. >> the u.s. defense secretary ash carter has been meeting with his israeli counterpart for discussions on the iran nuclear deal. he is the first cabinet level u.s. official to visit israel since the deal was announced last week. with israel opposing the deal it's believed the u.s. military related support could be on the table as a way of allaying israel fears. carter is due to mait meet the the -- meet the israeli prime minister on tuesday. be imtiaz tyab has the story. >> this disagreement between world powers and iran over its nuclear program the u.s. secretary of defense who is here in israel had a joint media
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briefing with his israeli counterpart moshe yalon. they of course spoke very glowingly and endiseergly about the relationship the two countries have had for a very long time. however they did also discuss how they didn't agree on the issue of iran. let's hear now from the u.s. secretary of defense ash carter. >> friends can disagree about whether it will work and will be watching iran very closely to see. but there's no disagreement about the ultimate objective. we cannot allow iran have a nuclear weapon. >> mr. carter will also be meeting with the israeli prime minister, benjamin netanyahu. mr. netanyahu has been the most fierce critic of any deal with iran, describing it as a mistake of historic proportions. however in saying he's not alone in the criticism of this deal
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reached between iran and global spowrs powers, mr. carter is also visiting countries like jordan and saudi arabia with the same message that this is a good deal and it is a deal that will lend to the security of the region. but as we've been saying nations like israel and indeed other countries here in the middle east very suspicious about this agreement, this disagreement which has now been passed unanimously by the u.n. security council. >> also ahead proalg the patrolling the be streets of burundi. and this young man solved the rubik's cube. can you guess how long it took? >> sepp blatter a comedian sabotaged his media conference.
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>> turkey's prime minister has suggested the islamic state of iraq and the levant may have been responsible for an explosion in southern turkey that's killed around 30 people. around 100 people have been wounded in the town of suruc. victoria gatenby reports. >> reporter: the explosion happened in the garden of a cultural center in the turkish town of suruc. most of the people were due to travel to kobani to scare out relief work. it is not yet known what caused the blast. turkey's president says it was oterrorist attack by a suicide bomber. >> people are so angry here and you can see the like maybe they're chanting the slogans right now. you can see they're chanting "revenge" for this attack. you can see every single corner
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in suruc. there is a police oifer turkish police are controlling the area. >> minutes after the explosion there was a blast in kobani. i.s.i.l. first laid siege to the town last year prompting thousands of people to escape to turkey. by january a combination of air strikes peshmerga and determined syrian fighters took the town. blaming turkish for not doing enough to protect the border. >> taking a proactive stance in favor i.s.i.s. particularly at the time of the siege of kobani, the turkish government seemed to have the idea that the enemy of my enemy i.e. bashar al-assad, was my friend.
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so they sat on their hands during the siege of kobani. >> many hoped they would be safe here. that explosion has proved them wrong. victoria gatenby, al jazeera. >> ibrahim abjil is a member of the socialist party of the oppressed which represents the activitiescaiforts inactivists in the attack. obviously you are in london. what have you heard about them? >> we contacted various colleagues various members of the party that were there at the time of the explosion. and they very clearly said it was a very, very big explosion and the number of the dead would increase. they tap at that time were not very sure of the number of the dead the death toll. however they did say that it was a very, very big explosion. most probably caused from a suicide bombing. >> obviously a lot of things are
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not confirmed number of dead rising. we're hearing from the turkish prime minister that he expects it's i.s.i.l. first of all do you agree with all of that that you're hearing and confirm what the reason for i.s.i.l. to attack the group? >> that point made it would be i.s.i.l. because i.s.i.l. what we call it daesh has been fighting in the kobani area, the area which we call the kurdish reason in syria borders with turkey against is kurdish forces for past one year. >> were you surprised? >> yes the attack in turkey was an unexpected attack. people that were dead that today that were killed in the explosion were young people, under the attack of i.s.i.l. for a while. we were not -- it was a very unexpected attack from i.s.i.l. and we think it's the lack of security measures of the turkish
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government of the turkish forces, that caused the attack to happen. >> sorry just to explain a little more. what do you meaning by that because obviously i'm sewage that's not what the turkish briements wouldprime minister would say. >> clearly stated that they will not allow any such sort of establishment in the kurdish area of syria to happen. because the kurdish area has now been ruled by -- >> that's quite an accusation, let me get it clear they are not here to defend themselves or the turkish government to deny. what are you saying the turned government close an eye on security? >> absolutely, the turkish government closed and eye to
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security to million things occurring to guns and i.s.i.l. forces in the area. although they stand up and condemn the attack that has happened in suruc the kurdish government opened the way to let that hoop. the fact thathe turkish government knew the name and address of every single person that traveled from different parts of turkey to go to kobani. they could very easily identify this attack before it actually happened. >> that's your accusation. the be turkish government not here to give their side. we hope to get a comment from them in a moment. thank you ibrahim representative of the group that was attacked. >> thank you very much. >> be fir african leader to be
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stride on the african continent accused of criesms against humanity. he has called the proceed beings a farce. nicholas hock has the story from senegal capital dacca. >> this is the end of a 16 year long journey for use of justice. ahead is the 16 yearly old african chamber where the african president will be charged for crimes against humanity. for them this trial is a victory. >> translator: we want a fair and balanced trial. now it's time for justice to talk and for labre to face its. >> the big question is will hissan habre face his trial and
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he is here for -- [ shouting ] >> reporter: habre is shouting, this is a masquerade. trial set to last for three months. for many here this sets a precedent making universal justice accessible to all on the african continent and perhaps bringing an end to impunity for african leaders that are allegedly involved in atrocities. >> joining us on skype, thank you very much for being with us on al jazeera. you worked in chad during habre's presidency and how important do you think to bring him to trial? >> what is mentioned the first
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time an african leader would be tried, what came to my mind this morning while i was sitting in court was thinking of the tens of people who came to see me and with whom owner i'd work between 1986 and 1990 is testimony of victims trying to get information and cross check the information about the human rights violations coming by the habre's administration. and for me, it was at the same time very interesting because for the first time i think that as we said earlier an african state will judge a former african leader and we believe this trial before the african chambers is an opportunity to bring justice to victims of crimes perpetrated between 1982 and 1990. but this is the joy that was
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uttered by these lips and faces this morning. at the same time i was a little bit sad personally because there were a few people with whom i had to work and who u died before habre could be before the court. i can remember these people coming to see me and i remember one of them was very depressed sitting in front of my table enjoying a cup of tea. i'm not a smoker and i used to have cigarettes for him. at the same time, joy for the victims because the people very been waiting for more than 25
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years. he was elected in 1990, which was -- >> sir forgive me for interrupting. a poirnt i wanted to ask weeks or so ago the case of omar al bashir was in south africa he in the end was not deported and the accusation of the icc was it's not fair justice it is an outsider's court that focuses unfairly on africa. do you think what could be seen now is a bit of a turning point when it comes to justice in africa, be internal courts or courts of making countries that are more seen as legitimate, for africa dealing with its own problem. >> yes indeed, members of the african union against the ycc. what is of interest at the
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moment is an african leader being tried by an african court. an african leader who went to senegal on humanitarian basis and he was welcomed by the two former presidents, who didn't do anything. despite the international be convention against or the sure ratified by senegal. in the 1990 he asked for him to be tried the founding commission on inquiry. at the same time, when moss of the victims find a case against habre, the case was rejected by the court and for me it is very important because the victims for the first time at the center of the trial.
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>> guyton mutu, chad researcher, thank you so much for your time. >> thank you. >> staying in africa, despite calls to delay burundi's presidential election, polls will open in the country tomorrow, tuesday after weeks of political unrest. protesters are callings for president pierre nkurunziza bid for a third term. haru mutasa reports from bujumbura as the country's residents prepare to vote. >> police in burundi have been deployed to potential trouble spots. there could be violence after polls close. juliet is staying indoors until after voting ends. she doesn't want her face shown afraid her family could be startinged if she is seen criticizing the ruling party. >> yes, i'm scared, a lot of
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people are being killed. i'm scared. >> opposition leaders say men dressed in police uniform arrest and sometimes kill critics against be you pierre nkurunziza's unprecedented third term. police say they believe this is necessary, they are patrolling volatile neighborhoods could be fist caiting weapons. more than 100,000 have fled the country. most opposition parties say they won't participate in with be the country's election. >> not provided by the constitutionalconstitution as go, so we must discuss about this issue. that be the government did not want. >> reporter: despite calls by the international community to again delay the presidential election government spokesmen says whoever ones needs to be
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sworn in by august 26th according to the constitution. soldiers who took part in the failed coup in may say if they make good on that threat people hoping for peace know they may have to prepare for the worst haru mutasa, al jazeera bujumbura. >> coming up, president of nigeria and president obama seek to strengthen their ties. migrants over the border into last doan yah and a special distribute in sports, jules bianchi. up later in sport.
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>> these are babies in prison. >> he stood in that bathroom and nobody went to help him. >> how many people have to get raped before somebody says "whoa, we got a problem"? >> "faultlines". >> what do we want? >> al jazeera america's hard-hitting... >> today the will be arrested. >> ground-breaking... >> they're firing canisters of gas at us. >> emmy award-winning, investigative series. >> we have to get out of here. >> and now a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. after decades of hostility the united states and cuba have formally restored diplomatic ties. the flag was raised over the new u.s. embassy in washington d.c.
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also in cuba. , in havana. 30 people were killed in suruc and wounded 100 more in turkey. resolution authorizes lifting of sanctions on iran in return for limiting its nuclear activities. >> at least seven afghan soldiers and have been killed and six others wounded. jennifer glasse reports from kabul. >> reporter: this was an afghan mission to retrieve the wounded and the dead after a u.s. air strike hit afghan army checkpoints rather than taliban fight. >> translator: in my opinion it was a mistake with the american coordinates. as a military man i cannot see
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another reason for this to happen. >> already evacuated to a local school when the taliban attacked the medical teams. the fight went on for hours. afghan soldiers continued to retrieve their comrades despite the enemy fire. they don't have much choice. afghan forces have limited air capabilities and rely on coordinating with u.s. and nato troops for air support. >> we do have a coordination center in this case they were not informed at all. >> reporter: only a small nato force remains mainly to trean afghan forces, authorized to carry out what they describe as counterterrorism operations. the afghan ministry says the attack occurred after firing on hepts. they are investigating. high level investigation will
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look into what went wrong in the worst friendly fire situation in years. jennifer glasse, al jazeera kabul. >> u.s. president barack obama has praiseed nigerian president for bringing safety back to his nation. muhammadu buhari vistaed the united states today and obama praised buhari in are improving his economic prosperity. straight to the state department now. we can see there john kerry and bruno rodriguez the cuban prime minister starting their press conference. let's listen in.
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>> good afternoon everybody i am very, very pleased this afternoon to welcome to the statement my colleague bruno rodriguez, the foreign minister of cuba. i apologize for our being a little bit late, we were downstairs, had a lot to talk about not just about u.s. cuba relations but about the region and i thought we had a very constructive conversation. this is the first visit to the department of state by a cuban foreign minister since 1958 and today marks as well the resumption of normal diplomatic ties between our countries and the reopening of our embassies after a rupture that has lasted 54 years. so it has been a historic day a day for removing barriers.
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spach. [ spanish ] >> the u.s. welcome the new beginning of its relation he for people ans foru.s. and the people of cuba. we are determined to live as good neighbors on the basis of mutual respect and we want all of our citizens in the u.s. and in cuba to look into the future, with hope. therefore, we celebrate this day. on july the 20th, because today we begin to repair what was damaged and to open what
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has been closed for many years. >> signify an end to differences that still separate our governments. but it does reflect that the reality that the cold war ended long ago. and that the interests of both countries are better served by engagement than by estrangements, and we have begun a most that will benefit the people in both cuba and the united states. this shared resolve to look ahead is what drove our conversation today and what has brought us to this moment. the foreign minister and i touched on a wide range of issues of mutual concern including cooperation on law enforcement, counternarcotics, telecommunications, the internet, environmental issues, human rights, including trafficking in persons and of
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course, we also discussed the opening of our embassies. we want to make sure that those embassies are able to function fully and i'm sure the be gloamentsdiplomatswill be able to converse with be people of all walks of life. led by our charge jeff de laurentis, and i grachg prime congratulate minister rodriguez on august 14th i look forward to make my first trip as secretary of state to cuba and holding a comparable ceremony at our embassy in havana. before closing i want to thank our colleagues from switzerland for the vital role that they have played for many years as
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the protecting power for what has obviously proven to be a much lodger time than originally anticipated. i thank our friends around the hemisphere who have urged us in some cases for decades to restore our diplomatic ties and have warmly welcomed our decision to do so and i am grateful for the outstanding leadership of assistant secretary roberta jacobson and for many others whose hard work made this possible. and i want to acknowledge the commitment of all who care about u.s. cuba relations whether they agree with the decision to normalize or not. change is rarely easy. especially when earlier position ves been so deeply -- positions have been so deeply engrained and strongly felt. although we must learn from the past nothing is more futile than trying to live in the past.
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president obama believes and so do i that our citizens benefit far more from policies that aim to shape a better future. there is, after all nothing to be lost, and much to be gained, by encouraging travel between our nations the free flow of information, and ideas, the resumption of commerce, and the removal of obstacles that have made it harder for families to visit their loved ones. make no mistake. the process of fully normalizing relations between the united states and cuba will go on. it may be long and complex. but along the way we are sure to encounter a bump here and there, and moments even of frustration. patience will be required. but that is all the more reason to get started now on this journey. this long overdue journey.
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today with the opening ever our embassies and the visit of the foreign minister we are making a step in the right direction . to keep moving forward both governments must proceed in a spirit of openness and mutual respect. i can assure the world including the people of cuba, that the united states will do its part. [ spanish ] >> i can assure all of you including the cuban people that the united states will do its part. >> now we yield the floor to our guest foreign minister bruno rodriguez. >> thank you, thank you. good afternoon sorry for being late. we have just had a respectful meeting with the secretary john kerry.
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with the secretary of state we had an exchange on the issues discussed, by presidents raul castro and barack obama during their historical counterat the summit of the americas in panama. the current status of the bilateral relations and the progress achieved since the announcement of december 17, 2014, including cuba's removal from the list of state sponsors of terrorism and the expansion of official exchanges on issues of common interest and establishment of diplomatic relations and the reopening of embassies. i conveyed the recognition of our people and government to president obama for his determination to work for lifting of and urging congress to eliminate it and for his willingness to adopt executive measures that modify the implementation of some aspects of this policy.
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their scope is still limited but started in the right direction. likewise we have emphasized that in the meantime, the president of the united states can continue using his executive powers to pay a significant contribution to the dismantling of the not to pursue changes in cuba something that falls under our exclusive sovereignty but in the u.s. citizens. i emphasize the return of the illegally occupied territory of guantanamo as well as the full respect for the cuban sovereignty and the compensation to our people for human and economic damages are crucial to be able to move towards normalization of relations. we both ratified our interest in
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normalizing bilateral relations knowing that this will be a long and complex process which will require the willingness of both countries. there are profound differences between cuba and the united states with regard to our views about the exercise of human rights by all persons, all over the world. being and also issues related to international law which will inevitably persist. but we strongly believe that we can both cooperate and coexist in a civilized way based on the respect for these differences and the development of a constructive dlook dialogue oriented to the well-being of our countries and peoples and to the content of the entire world. i expressed to the secretary of state that he would be welcome
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in cuba on the opening of the u.s. embassy in havana. so mr. secretary i will be waiting for you. [ spanish ] >> we have just had a constructive and respectful meeting with secretary of state john kerry. it was particularly significant to see that the cuban flag was raised for the first time after 54 years. we would not have been able to make it through this date without the wise conduction of historical leadership of the revolution headed by fidel castro and without the resistance and self determination of the cuban people and its firm determination to continue walking down the path that was sornly chosen. we -- sovereignly chosen. we have been able to make it to this date, for the countries of the world many u.s. and cuban patriotic citizens who applied in this country and who
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persevere for so many years so that cuba and the united states could have better relations. for the secretary of state we have an exchange on the issues discussed by president raul castro and barack obama during their historical encounter at the summit of the americas in panama. the care and status of the bilateral negotiation is since the announcement of december the 17th including cuba's removal from the list of state sponsors of terrorism a place where never cuba should have been included and the historic meeting between presidents raul castro and barack obama on issues of common interest. i can pay the recognition of our people and government to president obama for his part in the lifting of blockade to urge congress to lift it once and for
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all and executive measures that modify the implementation of some aspects of this policy. and although their scope is limited, these are steps taken in the right direction. we both emphasize that the president of the u.s. can continue to use his executive powers to pay a significant contribution to the modification of aspects of the implementation of the blockade with the purpose of eliminating it. not seeking changes in cuba which falls under the exclusive sovereignty of the republic of cuba and cubans but rather to attend to the best interest of the american citizens. we have insisted that the total lifting of the blockade is essential to move on towards the normalization of relation is of bilateral relations as well as the return of the illegally be
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be retained territory of guantanamo, and for economic damages. we reiterated our invitation to all u.s. citizens to exercise their right to travel to cuba, as they do to the rest of the world. and to the companies of that country, to take advantage on an equal footing of the opportunities offered by cuba. the secretary of state and i ratified our interest in normalizing bilateral relations knowing that this will be a long and complex process which will require the willingness of both countries. i reiterated to the secretary of state the cuban government's willingness to move on in the process to the establishment of relations, without prejudice to the independence and sovereignty of cuba and without any interference in our internal
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affairs. it is true that there are profound differences between the governments of cuba and the united states, with regard to our views about the exercise of human rights by all citizens, and in the whole planet. and also, when it comes to have international law which will inevitably persist. but we strongly believe that we can both cooperate and coexist in a civilized way based on the respect for these differences and the development of a constructive dialogue oriented to the well-being of our countries and peoples this continent and the entire world. i express to the secretary of defense that he will be welcome in havana on the occasion of the ceremony to reopen the u.s. embassy. so i will be waiting for you secretary, at any moment and i thank you for your hospitality in washington, thank you.
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>> our first question today comes from andrea mitchell. >> thank you so much andrea mitchell mr. secretary at the opening of the embassy that the continuing hold on guantanamo bay naval base is a nefarious attempt of u.s. to dominate the hemisphere, the lifting of the embargo and the returning of guantanamo bay would lend meaning to today's events. seeming to be a precondition and he did not want any interference by the united states in the domestic policies of cuba and what would you like to see in terms of human rights changes or other policy changes even absent those changes which are
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congressly mandated and mr. foreign minister, welcome to the united states. welcome to the state department. for all ever us who have watched -- of us who have watched the relationship for so many years this is truly an historic event but you seem to be indicating there are preconditioning including the lifting of the trade embargo and the return of guantanamo. do you see any other changes that cuba might be willing to afford under the request or influence of the u.s. prior to that -- those events taking place? thank you very much. >> well it's absolutely no surprise, because it's been a subject of discussion over the
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course of the time that we have been examining our relationship and working towards today that there are things that cuba would like to see happen, there are things the united states would like to see happen. and we've boat been crystal clear with each other. there's -- both been crystal clear with each other. there's been no pulling of punches. i think that's one of the reasons we have been able to get to this moment. with respect to the embargo president obama could not have been more clear. the president has called on congress to lift the embargo. and it is our hope that over the course of the development of the relationship in these next weeks and months and years and hopefully, not too many years people will begin to see the benefits that are emerging in both countries as a result of this change today. so we would hope, obviously
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that the embargo, at the appropriate time, will in fact be lifted and that a great deal more foundation can be built for this relationship. with respect to -- and obviously that's going to take more time. we all understand that. at this time there is no discussion and no intention often our part at this moment, to alter the existing lease treaty or other arrangements with respect to the name station. but we understand that cuba has strong feelings about it. and i can't -- >> living to john kerry the u.s. secretary of state and bruno rodriguez, the foreign minister of cuba, the joint news conference. secretary kerry stating that change is never easy but one must learn from the past not live in it. many of the stumbling blocks still have come up in the news conference including guantanamo
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and listing on the blockade. we're going to have more analysis and discussion on al jazeera, in the next few minutes. stay with us on al jazeera.
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he. >> flag and handshake marking the historic restoration of diplomatic relations between u.s. and cuba. >> it is a hisk day a day of removing barriers. >> i'm lauren taylor, this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up. turkey suggests i.s.i.l. is to blame for a suicide board of education which has killed 30 people and injured around 100. >> draft resolution has been adopted unanimously. >> uni