like her. >> the company calls each chatroom a family. and is developing off line connections for the family. connections for the family. c linking them in karaoke. >> translation: it's a virtual chat room. if they feel anything, they can meet. >> he hopes to get the time to meet up soon. >> a type of friendship they hope will successfully transition from the virtual to the real world. he gets to meet his friend and the companies have more ways to make money >> defense secretary ash carter
makes a surprise visit to baghdad, reviewing the progress against isil. >> the haunting message sandra bland left her friend. >> one year later will a nuclear deal with iran help bring washington post journalist home from an iranian prison. >> this is aljazeera america live from new york city. good morning i'm randall pinkston. defense as he can ash carter landed in baghdad this morning on an unannounced stop. he arrived a few hours ago where he will meet with iraqi leaders and u.s. commanders fighting isil. they are working to plan a ground assault to retake ramadi. the visit comes during a bloody week in baghdad with isil attacks claiming dozens of lives.
imran kahn is live in baghdad. this visit was not on the publicly announced agenda for secretary carter. how is iraq's leadership reacting to his arrival? >> that's absolutely right. although this visit was unannounced, it certainly was not unexpected. these things take a lot of organizing. it goes to show you how dangerous the security situation in iraq is, that this visit has to be unannounced. he is meeting with president adou rabbo mansour hadi. he's not going to meet with the leaders of the she militias who are one of the main fighting forces here, he's not going to be meeting with any iranian generals based here in baghdad leading that fight. what the iraqi's will want is a speeding up of arms deliveries to them. part that have deal is the
f-16s. he's meeting with american troops to try to get a sense on the ground of what's happening. >> will he meet about plans to get the mission to retake ramadi launched? >> the iraqi generals will brief him on the first phase of the operation. that is to take the downs and villages on the outskirts of ramadi and fallujah and use them as a staging post.
they will lead to increased airstrikes and also close air support so their troops can can go in. it's likely they'll be discussing tactics in or the to take the city of ramadi, but there's been no time table of when this might happen. the iraqis say this will be a decisive operation. with this visit is a key chance for the defense secretary to understand what's going on on the ground here and how much the airstrikes can help. >> secretary of state john kerry will be on capitol hill tailed to testify about the nuclear agreement with iran. kerry ago with the treasury secretary and secretary of energy will answer questions before the senate foreign relations committee. kerry faces stiff opposition from republicans and some departments. house speaker john boehner said he will do everything possible
to stop the deal. >> thousands of protestors packed times square to denounce the nuclear deal. organizers say the terms are too easy on iran and will pave the way for iran to build a nuclear bomb. they urge congress to vote against it. >> new details this morning in the death of a woman in a texas jail cell. san bra bland left a voice male message for a friend just days before she was found dead. she told her jailor she had previous attempted suicide friends and family say that is not the case. what did she say in that voice male message? >> well within the call was one of three that sandra bland made after her initial court appearance. one was to her sister, one was to a bail bondsman and this one to a friend. in the voice male which lasted
22 seconds she said i'm still just at a loss for words honestly about this whole process, how switching lanes with no signal turned into all of this. i don't know, but i'm still here call me back when you can. randall. >> do you know if anyone actually ever spoke to her realtime? did she talk to an attorney or was it only the voice male message that we know about? >> all i know about is the voice male message at this time. >> texas police have released new dash cam video after claims that an early one appeared doctored. tell us about this new video. >> d.p.s. did rerelease the video yesterday. they emphasized the that it was not edited and the problems you see came as an upload glitch. randall. >> thank you. >> the man accused of killing nine people in the emanuel a.m.e. church in charleston now faces federal hate crimes.
dylann roof has been indicted on 33 federal counts. attorney general loretta lynch said he wanted to fan the flames of racial discord. mike vick has more from washington. >> attorney general loretta lynch unveiled a 33 count federal hate crime indictment against dylann roof, the man accused of kill nine at the emanuel a.m.e. church in south carolina last month alleging he had plotted the attack for several months in advance chose the church because of its historical significance and the notoriety noting he wanted to maximize the attention he would get to further his goals. what were those goals? according to lynch he wanted to increase racial tension nationwide. he also wanted to gain revenge in roof's mind for the perceived unjusts that african-americans have committed against whites. using a dangerous weapon to cause badly injury on the basis
have race or color. using force to exercise beliefs and using a firearm to motivate racial murders. he could get the death penalty. she said they will cult with the victims' families. there's a parallel state investigation. they want to consult with state law enforcement. they do not want to interfere or be at cross purposes. >> we believe that the evidence will support the allegation that roof chose mother emanuel because it was an old church, historic church, and that it was historically significant as one of the oldest african-american churches, not just in south carolina, but in the nation. >> at that press conference, lynch was asked whether this was a case of domestic terrorism. she said racially motivated attacks like this in the south are the original archetypical domestic terrorism.
>> washington post journalist has spent one full year in a iranian prison charged with espionage. his family homes the nuclear deal with iran will open new doors to get him out of jail. lisa stark has more from washington. >> there's been diplomatic pressure to free him. his family has publicly pleaded for his release and now the
united nations has an urgent petition before it, arguing that his detention vitals iranian and international law. >> american journalist jason has spent one full year in an iranian prison charged with espionage and other crimes that u.s. officials call a sham. on the anniversary of his arrest, another call to free the 39-year-old journalist. >> freedom is his right. we call on iran, its government, the judiciary to let this decent and innocent man go. >> he and his wife were taken from their tehran home in the middle of the night last july. she is out on bail. his older brother ali has been relentlessly advocating for his release, complicated with the
nuclear deal. >> i think right now is the perfect time for the iranian government show that they can follow their own laws and uphold their own international obligations and let jason go. >> jason is one of three iranian americans imprisoned in iran. a fourth is missing and believe jailed, although the iranian government denies that. the state department and iran confirm that during the nuclear negotiations the fate of the americans was brought up repeatedly on the sidelines. the two issues though, were not linked. secretary of state john kerry was asked about that while on capitol hill to sell the nuclear deal. >> jason has been in prison now for over a year. is his release part of this deal? >> we are working hard on that. >> hardliners are not happy with the deal and some analysts believe they may block his release. others see the agreement opening a path forward. >> certainly the united states
and iran of in a new relationship where they are solving problems and it would be problematic to let issues like this linger on. it keeps things from moving at a positive pace in other areas. >> going to the united nations with an urgent petition to the working group on arbitrary detention, arguing his imprisonment it arbitrary and unlawful. >> we believe that we have to work harder for his release. we believe that the u.s. government has to work harder for his release. we can't stop and don't want the u.s. government to stop. we believe they made efforts diligent efforts so far but we want them to press harder. >> his mother and wife have had some limited ability to visit him in prison. their stress is office. the family says their son
husband, and brother has been relentlessly interrogated, denied medical care, and put in isolation. >> it's completely illegal by any standards and it's just a horrible tragedy if they've stolen the last year of my brother's life. >> there's no way of knowing how much longer emwait for his freedom. >> jason has had three closed door hearings in iran. it's believed there is one more to go before the judge issues his decision in this case. >> we go to washington post journalist. based on the best information you ever available can you describe jason's physical condition now? we heard he is not getting proper medical attention. >> he spent months in solitary
confinement, was denied medical care for a long time. he has really suffered. he has lost 50 pounds. he has suffered periodically from chronic infections. i think conditions have improved in recent months, physically he is doing somewhat better. psychologically, the toll has been great. we are very concerned about his welfare. >> why did the washington post choosing to to the united nations. >> it was time to make the next step in making sure we used every lever we could. it took months to allow him access to a lawyer, months more for a trial to begin and what we've seen unfold really is a sham trial. it was time to take the next step to reach out to the u.n. with this request for urgent action to intervene. >> was there ever any hope by the washington post that his release would be linked to the nuclear negotiations? >> we were hopeful at many
stages that jason would be released. from the outset we hoped it would be resolved quickly. there was some hope that as part of these talks the iranians might demonstrate good will and release jason but we never expected that the two issues would be link the in the negotiations. u.s. government made clear that that was not its approach and we understood that throughout. >> we heard that the foreign minister of iran did acknowledge that there were some sideline discussions about jason's condition and he even described it as a humanitarian issue. here's the question. is there a risk that with the post moves to the u.n., raising it to a higher profile that it might cause iran to harden its potential will to release him? >> it shouldn't do so. we are saying nothing more than we said publicly for a year that this humanitarian concerns are real, that jason is suffering that his detention has been arbitrary and that he ought to the freed at once.
by reaches out to the u.n., a body iran respects, we are bringing this to a higher profile but would be nothing that would cause iran to resist at this stage. >> if the council agrees with the washington post petition, what would be the practical impact of u.n. condemnation? >> the u.n. has the power of the pulpit, has the power to raise this issue in a very prominent way. in the past, iran has responded to this group's request for information about cases. in some cases it has agreed to take the action recommended by this u.n. group. we hope that adds to the pressure, but we don't really want to wait for the u.n. it's time for iran to bring this process to a close finish this trial, sham trial that it is and grant jason the freedom that he deserves. >> one more question. was there any consultation with the u.s. government in the washington post decision to go to the u.n.?
>> we advised the u.s. government of our plan to do so, but it was simply an advisory statement. there was no consultation. we talked throughout to the u.s. government, other governments in a hope to put as much pressure on iran as we can but this was an effort taken by the washington post, not the u.s. government. >> thank you for joining us on al jazeera. >> the baltimore police department is trying to move forward three months after the riots over the death of freddie gray. the commissioner is out at chief after a surge in violence and disagreement over how to fight it. we sat down with former baltimore police commissioner to talk about how the city can recover. >> what i've gotten from many, many officers, including command staff is morale is terrible. they really feel humiliated on international television. on a grand scale the whole world saw the baltimore police department be overrun by especially teenagers from high
school and rioters in the streets and it burned, people's entire life was extinguished because of this. when i came here, i was an outsider from new york city. there was a lot of resistance to my appointment at commissioner. you've got to be out there talking to people every day. you've got to walk around the neighborhoods, engage people, speak to all the concerned community groups. you can't isolate yourself in a headquarters or police car and expect the community to trust you. that's got to be repaired, because right or wrong i obviously have my opinions and i'm pretty vocal and passionate about them, but i understand there is perception now and if you don't correct it, you're going to have a problem. i'm fearful when these charges are dropped or the verdict doesn't come back the way people want, we're going to have another problem on our hands in a violent manager. what's the response going to be
then? >> you can see more of the interview with ed norris and in depth look at dysfunction within baltimore's police department tonight at 8:00 eastern. >> concern over the size of government coming up, california taxpayers want to know why the state has so many official committees cost be millions per year. >> it was the dog days of summer but just cool enough for some good news from the arctic.
>> the golden state has seen its share of dark days. in the past decade, billions have been cut from services like education, housing and health care, but millions spent on hundreds of committees and boards, each packed with staffers and pointes. >> ridiculous. >> but not surprising to doug johnson, a fellow at the rose institute at clairemont college. >> we've got 31 standing committees and multiple subcommittees in the assembly and we have 40 select committees in the assembly. in the senate, 22 standing committees that are permanent and multiple subcommittees, 13
select committees and then we get into the committees that report to committees and report to committees. >> you realize this sounds like a "saturday night live" sketch. >> it does. >> do you know that the committee on uniform state laws does? >> i have no idea. >> what about the legislators. >> i'm curious to find out whether you know what the commission of the californias is. >> nope. >> have you heard of the pest control board? >> the bipartisan political internet practices commission. >> that one i honestly have no idea. >> do we need these committees, boards economies? >> no. there's no doubt that there is plenty of fluff and silliness. >> take the senate advisory commission on cost control. it's charged with controlling cost, but a look at their website didn't reveal much of anything the commission has done in the past 12 years except post
a couple of reports. we couldn't even figure out when they meet. since 2010 the commission had over $150,000 in expenses. that's on top of the hundreds of thousands spent on staff salaries. >> it's criminally wrong to be wasting public dollars that are so desperately needed in other ways. if you're not indignant, you are not paying attention. >> that's the problem we heard from everyone we spoke to. nobody is paying attention. al jazeera sacramento. >> more valleyses are expected today as a fast moving wildfire in montana english national park has sent many people fleeing. the fire ignited tuesday afternoon. it burned 4,000-acres. strong winds and warm temperatures are making it difficult to contain. >> summer is usually a time of hot temperatures, but scientists
safe the summer of 2013 was actually cool enough to be good for arctic ice. let's bring in nicole mitchell for today's environmental impact, what kind of difference are we talking about here? >> overall, in the globe and warming, the arctic we are seeing temperatures warm the fastest, the ice receding 40% since the 1980's. the eying volume came back. scientists learned that we can rebound when we get these cooler summers. while the extent of the retreating ice has been recorded, the indicator is how much is gained and lost during the years. there is less snow so it can rebound or recede much faster. in 2012, the volume went down
14%. the reds is where it increased by 10 feet or more. in 2013, we went up almost a third because of that cold winter and some of that stayed around until 2014, still about a quarter more sea ice. that's really a positive gain that we can get back very quickly. of course since then, you know, it's persistently we are still in that global warming scenario. a lot of where the ice was gained was just to the northwest of gasolineland and of course you can see it's been a warm summer here, as well. so climate change will continue to shrink the ice in the decades ahead, but it is interesting that we can recover it, so if we can turn that process in global warming around, we might be able to recover it quickly in the future. this summer has been very warm. it's been shrinking very quickly again. >> the rapid fluctuations, is that that? >> there's not snow as much on top that would insulate it, so
>> defense secretary ash carter makes an unannounced visit to iraq. >> secretary of state john kerry goes to capitol hill to convince congress to back the iran nuclear deal. >> the voice male sandra bland left a friend after her arrest in texas. her family denies reports she had a history of depression. >> a finding for treating alzheimer's, the drug researchers say could slow the disease down.
>> good morning this is aljazeera america live from new york city. i'm stephanie sy. >> an unannounced visit to iraq by the secretary of defense. ash carter landed in baghdad where he's meeting with iraqi leaders, the u.s. is planning a ground assault by forces to retake rimadi. isil attacks have claimed dozens of lives this week. imran kahn is live on the ground. what can you tell us about this plan to retake ramadi? >> i can tell you what the defense secretary will be listening to is the iraqi needs when it comes to taking the city of ramadi and fallujah. we're in the first phase of the
operation taking key towns and villages. once iraqi security forces take those, they will move into ramadi and fallujah. they will be looking for more close air support once they go into those towns and an increase in u.s. led coalition airstrikes on targets within ramadi. the defense secretary is also speaking to his guys on the ground, the americans who are training the iraqis to try to get a sense of how well equipped they are to be able to mount an offensive like this. he's also going to be talking to iraqi generals. it's very interesting the people he is not speaking to. he is not going to speak to the leaders of shia militias, poupt larr mobilization forces, one of the main fighting forces here on the ground. >> what about fighting in neighboring syria in isil. give us an update there. >> syria is becoming a real issue. the americans have what they
call an iraq first policy, get rid of isil here first and worry about syria later. without political solution in syria, without military solution in syria isil simply use it as a safe haven they go, regroup and come back into iraq. they'll want more action on syria. the americans have a different position when it comes to isil in syria. although they want to contain them there, they are not going after them actively. that's what would help bashar al assad out where they are going after isil in iraq. this is a problem for the iraqis, saying there is pressure put on is because of this iraq first policy that the u.s. have and we need this to change. >> i thank you. >> visiting israel, saudi arabia and jordan, today, three top
administration officials including secretary of state john kerry will testify before the senate foreign relations committee about the agreement. the white house has an uphill battle gaining support from republicans and democrats and allies are equally skeptical. >> selling the deal, secretary of defense ash carter landing in saudi arabia for meetings with its king over last week's nuclear agreement with iran. carter did receive a warm welcome but admits with some reservation. >> the only reservations we discussed were ones we shared, namely that we attend to verification of the agreement as its implemented and also with respect to the so-called snap back of sanctions. >> those sanctions will be put back in police immediately according to the agreement should the iranians renege on
any part of the deal. still, the saudis are concerned about how world powers will block attempts by iran to build nuclear weapons while its influence grows in the region. iran funds hezbollah and is accused of backing houthis who removed yemen's president earlier this year. iran has begun firing off warnings be should any sanctions relief be blocked. if for any reason all or parts of the security council sanctions are restored, the islamic republic of iran will not commit itself to the implementation of its voluntary commitments. >> president obama met behind closed doors with skeptical house and senate members over the deal. >> the agreement that we have arrived at with world powers is an agreement that will prevent iran from the potential of securing a nuclear weapon. it will make the region our
friends and allies safer. it will make the world safer and we are convinced that the absence of any viable alternative absolutely underscores that fact. >> republicans are trying to collect votes to block president obama from lifting sanctions and effectively killing the deal. to do that, though, they'd have to win over enough democrats to win a veto proof majority. >> while the president's iran deal may have been applauded at the united nations. i think he faces serious skepticism here at home. because a bad deal threatens the security of the american people, and we're going to do everything possible to stop it. >> john terrett, al jazeera. >> iranian-israeli middle east analyst joins us by skype from tel-aviv this morning. thank you for being with us. let's go back to the meetings defense secretary carter held he with middle east leaders. did they restore any trust with
rewards to the deal. >> in israel, everybody is skeptical, including the prime minister netanyahu's position. some people in israel think he is exaggerating by calling it a historic mistake but i have to say, there is an unprecedented level against this deal, mainly because for the last six years israelis have been hearing extremely hostile pledges from the iranian regime. in israel, it hasn't changed much but we worry about what happens with our relations with america. iran and saudi arabia have been in this abusive relationship that i don't think one visit by secretary of defense carter is going to solve that problem. >> in washington today secretary kerry and obama administration officials will testify about the deal. should congress shoot the deal down? what implications would that have for israel?
>> it would be terrible for the state of israel. nobody wants the regime in iran to have nuclear weapons. if it is shot down, the coalition built over the years by president obama and six countries could fall apart. without that coalition the sanctions will not survive in their current form. the biggest reason why iran has come to the negotiation table is the sanctions. without the sanctions iran is not going to take the talks seriously, so what we could have is iran continuing with the nuclear program while having a weaker version of the sanctions that's the worst of both worlds. >> yet given that opinion apac is spending $1.67 million during j the first half of this year lobbying congress to enact this legislation that gives lawmakers the ability to review the
nuclear deal. how influential will israeli pressure be when it comes to congress voting on this? >> that dependency on domestic american politics. in the state of israel, we have a very legitimate voice to raise concern. it's a question of how we do it. if we're going to go against the president of the united states in such a manager first of all i don't think we are going to change the vote of the congress, but second of all, we have to think of about the day after tomorrow which means unfortunately urging our relations at the government level with the united states of america. if we put a strong case forward working with america, we have a better chance of being heard in washington with the u.s. government than going against them by confronting them which indianapolis the manager prime minister netanyahu is taking. >> we are going to bring you live coverage set for 10:00 a.m.
eastern. >> it's been one year since washington post journalist was arrested in iran. the washington post has appealed to the united nations for help. we spoke about why it reached out to the u.n. >> the u.n. has the power of the pulpit, has the power to raise this issue in a very prominent way. in the past, iran has responded to this group's request for information about cases. in some cases it has agreed to take the action recommended by this u.n. group. we hope this adds to the pressure but don't want to wait for the u.n. it's time for iran to bring this process to a close finish this trial, sham trial that it is and grant jason his freedom. >> every said the washington post advised the obama administration of its planing to to the u.n.
>> greece will go ahead with financial reforms. the changes passed easily in parliament. they introduce protection for residents using banks and prevent taxpayers from covering the cost if a bank collapses. the move starts the third bailout to move ahead. >> six major american film substituted studios are the target of an anti trust case. the european union named disney, universal, power mount pictures, sony, 20th century fox and warner brothers in the case. it says they prevented british satellite broadcasters from showing those studios products and you said the u.k. and ireland. >> new details in the death of a woman in a texas jail cell. isn't dray bland left a voice message for a friend days before she was found dead in her cell. she told her jay lower she had previously attempted suicide but friends say that's not the
case. what did bland say in that message? >> the call was one of three sandra bland made after her initial court appearance, one to a sister, another to a bail bondsman and another to a friend. in it, she says i'm still just at a loss pour words honestly about this whole process how switching lanes with no turn signal turned into all of this. i don't know, but i'm still here. call me back when you can. a few days ago texas dps released the dash cam video that led to her arrest. >> get out of the car! i will light you up! now! >> new questions and controversy have forced the texas department of public safety to rerelease the tape as authorities insisted it was not edited or manipulated. the tape showing the altercation had been criticized for having
gaps and some overlaps. d.p.s. says it was a problem when they loaded the video file on to the internet. >> we are not in a position where we are going to say that it has been tampered with. we are not in a position where we can say it has not. we simply don't know. i'm not a forensic media examiner, but now i know that we're going to have to get one. >> put your phone down! >> questions involving the video are just one indication of the anger and emotion surrounding her arrest and subsequent death in a jail cell. her family spoke out in chicago. >> i've seen the video in its entirety. sandy was pulled over for failure to proper he indicate a proper lane change, and in looking at that, as her sister, i simply feel like the officer was picking on her. point blank period. >> bland's friends are also speaking out. >> for me, i'm not so much
worried about that as his actions in the video how things went, what happened, what was said, what was done, and how all of this could have been avoided had things been handled differently. >> wow. >> get out of the car. >> you're doing all this for failure to signal. >> while the circumstances of her death remain under investigation, authorities have said she hanged herself in her cell using a garbage can liner. her family insists that she was not suicidal. the governor's office said her family deserves answers and that the f.b.i. and the texas rangers will continue their work to find out the truth. meanwhile, bland's relatives await results from an independent autopsy. her funeral will be held saturday in chicago. >> while the texas department of public safety said the video was not doctored, the planned family attorney said yesterday he would be bringing in a forensic media examiner. >> tristan, thank you. >> ohio prosecutors will decide next week whether to bring
charges in the shooting of an unarmed black man by university of cincinnati police officer. fort 3-year-old samuel debows was shot over a missing license plate. local police turned over evidence including video of the evidence to the prosecutor. >> a federal grand jury has indicted accused church shooter dylann roof on federal hate crimes charges. he faces multiple murder charges for allegedly can i go nine people at the historic emanuel a.m.e. church. we have more. >> attorney general loretta lynch says a decision to pursue the death penalty has not yet been made, but called his actions, the alleged murder of nine black worshipers at emanuel a.m.e. church an archetypal hate crime. he hurled racial he at the times
as he shot black worshipers. >> we believe that the evidence will support the allegation that roof chose mother emanuel because it was an old church historic church, and that it was historically significant as one of the oldest african-american churches, not just in south carolina, but in the nation. >> the charges are rare. federal hate crime legislation the shepherd bird hate crimes prevention act was passed in 2009. the justice department estimates 200 to 300,000 people are victims of hate crimes each year, but since the law was passed federal prosecutors have been asked to investigate only 270 possible hate crime cases. 235 of those were turned down. that's a rate of 87%. so far this year, only eight people have been convicted of a federal hate crime. the most ever in a single year was 10 back in 2012. most of the time, when a pepper is not federally prosecuted, the
case is turned over to local authorities who often have a lower burp for convictions. now according to the justice department establishing motive is the key to proving a federal hate crime. investigations often must range far beyond the criminal act itself to locate evidence relevant to the defendant's state of mind before and during the crime. it is the difficulty approving that requirement the need to devil into a suspect said state of mind that makes these prosecutions so rare. something is one of only five states that does not have a hate crime law an the books. the others are arkansas, georgia, michigan and wyoming. >> it has been suggested federal prosecutors took up the case against dylann roof because the hurt charges he already faced wouldn't have sufficiently addressed the racial overtones of his actions. >> because of that lack of hate crime law in south carolina. john henry smith, thank you. >> on the agenda today, the
pentagon releasees findings into how the u.s. military inadvertently shipped live anthrax samples around the world. military officials say no one was at risk. >> activists will call on the governor and state legislature to end a practice in washington. >> first lady michelle obama will welcome 130 college bound students to the white house. a conversation with the highest ranking woman in the u.s. military. we speak with the admiral about racial and gender inequality in the ranks.
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>> in the video, one of our staff members speaks in a way that does not reflect that compassion. this is unacceptable and i apologize tort staff member's tone and statement. >> senate minority leader harry reid told reporters these politically motivated votes raise questions, with you nothing i've seen indicates planned parenthood violated federal law. >> planned parenthood says while
it does accept money for tissue donation, the amount is nominal and goes to cover shipping and the use of its facilities. >> social security disability program is running out of money. they maybe forced to slash payments starting next year. more than 11 million americans receive checks from the government. the monthly benefit is just over $1,000. they say that would be reduced nearly $200 if congress doesn't take action. >> most people only use 10% of the internet. the rest of it lies benoting in what is called the dark web. mary snow is here with more on this invisible threat. what did you find in your investigation? >> we met the hacker who showed us our personal information up for sale perfect that's just part of what's sold on the dark web. we found sites selling guns to drugs, even sites selling hitmen
for hire. as these kind of sites grow, it makes it that much more difficult to crack down on them. >> this time last year, it was believed that there were only 18,000 products on the dark web. today, there are nearly 69,000 products listed across taken major black markets. two thirds of the inventories are drugs. the west include weapons stolen credit card accounts, humor gans, now where and as we found out hitmen for hire. >> solutions to common problems. we're an organized criminal group. former soldier and mercenaries we don't know if it's real or not. >> we don't. >> but it's advertised. >> what they say on here, how do you know we're not scammers.
we don't take my prepayments. >> it's hard to believe this can't be pleased. >> it's impossible to tell if this of these hitman sites are real but it is being peddled. another part of the dark web is sex trafficking. tonight, we'll look at new technology aimed at cracking down sex traffickers on the dark web. >> the dark web a lot of people don't know was started by the u.s. navy. did they create a monster? >> the mission was to protect military secrets and intelligence gathering. also the dark web is crucial for dissidents in oh prossive regimes who rely on it to communicate. journalists rely on it. it plays a very important role with anonymity around it, but criminals have seized the opportunity and now as it's been explained, the genie's out of the bottle. >> you can watch as mary mentioned part three of the
>> welcome to al jazeera america. taking a look at today's top stories, new details in the death of a woman in a texas jail cell. sandra bland left a voice message for a friend days before she was found dead. in the call, she said she was at a loss for words over why she was being held. >> defense secretary ash carter is in baghdad meeting with commanders and iraq leaders talking about fighting isil and a ground assault by iraqi force to say retake ramadi.
>> secretary of state john kerry will testify on capitol hill about the nuclear deal with iran answering questions before the nat relations committee. >> thousands of protestors packed new york city's times square to denounce the nuclear deal with iran. organizers want congress to reject the accord. they say it could lead to turmoil in the middle east. >> the crowd was large the speakers many and the message clear. >> we're here at americans to speak with one voice to say stop iran now reject this deal, and let's speak loud enough that they hear us in washington right now. >> the stop iran rally was billed at bipartisan, interfaith and grassroots, but organized by the jewish rapid response coalition, which consists are dozens of jewish and pro israel
groups perfect some launched ad campaigns against the deal. >> we must always make sure that the security of israel never depends on the outcome of an american election. israel must always be a bipartisan issue. its support and its defense must join democrats and republicans liberals and conservatives. >> a few dissenters were escorted out after waving iranian flags in support of the deal. the overwhelming sentiment was that the islamic republic could not be trusted. organizers say there should be no limits on where or when inspectors can visit iran's nuclear facilities, though killing the deal would likely
bring an end to any inspections. >> elimination of these sanctions i'm telling you would ultimately guarantee a war and the need to take out these sites. >> president obama accused his critics of rehashing past failed policies. >> pundits that are so quick to reject the possibility of a diplomatic solution were the same folks quick to go to war in iraq and said it would take a few months. >> neither side is backing down from their interpretation of what the iran deal will ultimately deliver. >> donald trump is heading to the u.s.-mexico border this morning. the republican presidential candidate is visiting laredo the accident and trying to win support from hispanic voters, the same people he might have offended by calling some criminals and rapists. trump's loud style is not
hurting him in the polls. >> then i watch this idiot lindsey graham on television. >> the fight over donald trump's controversial approach is escalating. in south carolina, the republican candidate taunted senator lindsey graham. >> a total lightweight. here's a guy in the private sector, he couldn't get a job believe me. >> graham has repeatedly criticized trump. he offered this. >> yeah, i don't care if he drops out, stay in the race, just stop being a jackass. >> a few hours later trump hit back by giving out graham's cell phone number. >> 202-228... >> then trump attacked over republican rivals including texas governor rick perry who has called trump a cancer. >> i see rick perry the other day and he's so -- he's doing very poorly in the polls.
he put glasses on, so people will think he's smart. it just doesn't work. >> the latest fight stems from remarks trump made over the weekend when he seemed at first to question senator john mccain's status as a war hero. >> he's not a war hero. he's a war hero because he was captured. i like people who weren't captured, ok? i hate to tell you. >> there's nothing funny about the hate he is supplying at immigrants and their families and now the insults he's directed at a genuine war hero, senator john mccain. >> attacking illegal immigration is music to the ears of many conservatives and insulting john mccain can resonate, as well. many voters consider the arizona senator too moderate. others have bought into the line
of john mccain's p.o.w. record. last week, mccain appeared to start this new fight with trump by accusing the reality television star of using an anti immigration rally in phoenix to fire up the crazies. >> it was a very insulting thing, not good. >> several strategists are convinced that despite the predictions of the mainstream media, trump's hyperbolic counterpunches may boost his gop poll numbers now not diminish them. the latest survey of republican voters suggest trump has opened up a double digit lead over his nearest rifles, wisconsin governor scott walker and former florida governor jeb bush. trump is using the nationwide focus on his controversial remarks about john mccain to align himself with veterans concerns. >> the veteran's administration is a scandal.
it's corrupt and what's going on is a disgrace. >> represent strategist. >> if he is able to get in this one, i think he's going to be our next nominee. he's that good. >> strategists include his stage presence, his promotion of" own financial success. >> i will be the greatest jobs president that god ever created. >> and trump's unvarnished abilities to what many voters may be thinking about today's politicians. >> we have losers. we have losers. we have people that don't have it. >> it all adds up to a controversial headline-grabbing campaign that despite the conventional wisdom, may be far from dead. david shuster, al jazeera. >> the navajo nation has loosened a language requirement for top elected leaders. candidates no longer have to be fluent in navajo. last year a candidate was refused after refusing to have his language skills tested.
>> uber has won a major fight against the mayor of new york. the city was considering restricting the number of drivers who account operate as part that have ride sharing service, but now that won't happen, at least not yet. >> it's been a bitter fight between uber and the mayor. for the next four months at least, the company doesn't have to worry about putting more vehicles on the road. >> uber can keep growing in new york for now after the city dropped plans to cap the number of cars the company operates. the announcement follows a public battle between uber and the mayor. >> tell mayor deblasio don't strand new york. >> for days, the company ran ads, sent males and made phone calls, saying the city's plan would kill jobs and increase wait times. he is portrayed as a defender of yellow cab who donates to his campaign. the mayor spoke of uber as a corporate giant trying to skirt
protections. the city will conduct a four month study of the effect uber and similar services have on traffic. uber said it will take down its anti deblasio ads while the study goes ahead. uber has suffered a series of recent blows in other place including protests in paris over its cheaper service uber pop and a $7.3 million fine in california after a judge ruled uber isn't releasing enough data about its service for people with disabilities. uber plans to appeal that ruling. >> the deblasio administration says it can limit the number of uber cars on the city streets if the company doesn't comply with the agreement. this includes providing more data than it did before. for now uber is in the clear. >> doesn't sound like the last battle in the uber war. thank you. >> workers at the university of california will soon make a minimum of $15 an hour.
university president janet in a pole tan know decided to implement it because it was the right thing to do. >> for fast food workers in new york city, the state wage board approved raising the minimum wage to $15 an hour, phased in for fast food workers first before expanded to the rest of the state. >> the federal government has just given shell approval to drill at two different sites off the north coast of alaska. at this point, they can just begin to drill. they can't do the deep drilling they'll need to get down to the oil sources. there's an important piece of equipment that they have to have
in place in case there's an accident. it's a capping stack, something that would be used to cap a well if there was in fact an accident up there. shell has that equipment but it is on a vessel that right now is headed to portland, oregon for repairs to its hull. the environmental activists in the portland area tell us they are hoping to have a reception something like this. you might remember, this was the big kayak flotilla who gathered and greeted shell's big polar drilling rig when it came in for services and loading this summer. there were a lot of protests, but it did not stop the rig from finally moving north into alaskan waters where it is getting ready for drilling. the company has committed large resources and assembled a big fleet of vessels up there just in case there's an accident. shell has repeatedly turned down our requesting to north with our cameras and document their
efforts. al lab shoveler, al jazeera seattle. >> we're hearing more this morning from a woman who is no stranger to first. she was the first african-american woman to command a u.s. navy ship, now the highest ranking woman in the history of the u.s. military. jami macintyre sat down with admiral howard to talk about race women in the military and what she has planned next. >> admiral michelle howard's climb up the stairs to her pentagon office is almost as fast as her rise through the ranks in the navy. as four stars go, she's a rock star, who's enjoyed a stellar career on the fast track. while others sing her praises she's quick to admit she was also lucky that doors opened for her adjusted as she was ready to stride through. >> when i sat down with the admiral, i asked her to list her firsts. >> i was the first african-american woman to command a ship in the united states navy. i was the first woman who was an
annapolis graduate to reach the rank of one star. i was the first african-american woman in the navy to reach the rank of two star. i was the first african-american woman in the armed forces to reach the rank of three star. i was the first african-american woman to reach the rank of four star in the armed forces. i was the first woman to reach the rank of four star in the navy. i'm the first woman to hold the rank of vice chief of staff operations. >> she's grown to like her no role. she pulled me aside to show me a letter from a 9-year-old girl. i'm happy that you know how to steer a navy ship and fight pirates. >> that reference to fighting pirates, remember the true life movie captain phillips? as depict, it was admiral howard's job as head of a counter piracy task force to
direct the rescue. >> this is admiral howard. >> back to the framed letter. >> that letter resonated with me not because of her recognition of what the navy does at such a young age but because she talks about her family. i thought she just must have the greatest mom and dad in the world. >> she knows something about great parents. >> so the journey and the comments about the navy starts when i was 12. i saw a documentary on a service academy and i thought oh, gosh, that's what i want to do. >> back in the 1970's, the u.s. naval academy wasn't open to women. young michelle's mom offered some surprising wisdom. >> if you still wanting to and they're still closed to women we'll sue the government. that was just like wow! >> turns out they didn't have to sue. howard was admitted to the naval academy class of 1982, the third class to include women a door
that opened just in time. it's been like that throughout her career. you have to punch tickets to get promoted in the navy. you need to command a ship, something that was barred from women until the 1990's, but another door opened. >> we saw a picture of you with your i believe commander epaulets. >> in my whites? >> you've got a pair of binoculars around your neck. >> that was my very first day of deployment in command of uss rush mark. i took command in 1999. we were getting ready to go out for six months. >> now as the navy's vice chief second in command she has a pentagon office and binder full of issues. one of her top concerns, increasing gender diversity getting more women into more
jobs. she'd like it if 25% of the force were female to tip the balance against violence and stare yo typing. the pentagon decreed all jobs now be open to women unless it can be shown women can't perform to the same standard at men. the army and marines are putting women through grueling combat train and so far none have made it through. in the navy, there are few jobs left to open. >> do you foresee any positions in the navy that are not going to be open to women. >> we made the decision to start putting women on submarines. that was literally one of our last areas where women could not serve. >> you foresee that there will be when this policy is completed, foresee will there be anything closed to women? >> for yours seals will be the last area that gets looked at. my sense is if the opportunity will probably be there. it will be a matter of what are
the occupational standards that will be needed in order for anyone man or women to qualify. >> admiral howard has spent nearly four decades in what used to be called this man's navy, back when sexual harassment was not on the radar. >> when change happened, people's heads hurt the way new shoes hurt their feet, and so there were some hurting minds out there when i started and yeah there were some folks who didn't behave the way they should have behaved. >> what do you think when you walk down this haul and you're surrounded by all these men of the navy? >> well, one is historical fact of where our country has gone. i mean, we started off at only men really could be citizens and then for a civilian oversight it's predominantly been men. the history of women in leadership in the military for the navy doesn't really start until the first world war when
we bring women in as enlisted. >> she admits being a trail laser can be a burden, but it's one her mother, the same mother who vowed to sue to get her daughter into annapolis she needs to own. >> i was venting to my mother on the phone griping. she said well, you are where you are historically. you had better embrace it or leave, because it's not going to change. until you quit, you're probably going to be the first one at whatever you do. i thought wow that is really great advice, i just need to embrace the journey. >> al jazeera, the pentagon. >> summer is of course a time of hot temperatures, but scientists say the summer of 2013 was actually cool enough to be good for arctic ice. that's something we don't hear often. let's bring in nicole mitchell for explanation. what kind of difference did that year's cooler temperatures actually make? >> we gained arctic ice which
is really good news. overall with global warming that arctic ice has gone down 40% since the 1980's. it's nice to see when we do have cooler trends, we can do some recovery out here. the volume of arctic ice increased in 2013 after a cool summer in that area. of course we have variances around the world even with global warming. it shows the changes in summer temperatures also have greater impacts on ice than previously thought by scientists. the retreating ice well recorded, and they want scientists to understand the volume that is being lost better. they've been using satellites to track it. over the past five years here's been the trend. from 2010-2012 the volume of sea ice continued to go down, the overall trend. when it got cooler in 2013, the sea ice increased by 33%. the reds show places where the thickness went up at least 10 feet. now in 2014, again it wasn't
that cool trend so the amount that was gained went down a little bit but still there was a quarter more sea ice and it compensated in those couple years for losses in the previous three. what is good about this is of course, you know, colder temperatures are still our trend. a lot of this happened near greenland, which is what you are seeing right now but one of the things that they're seeing is that there can be some recovery, so if we were able to turn global warming around, we might be able to rebuild some of this sea ice fairly quickly. again, this summer has been warm. we've been melting the ice at a rap hid rate. it's not like we turned the boat around. >> it's encouraging. the big question is can you turn global warming around and are we doing what we need to do to do that. >> a surprising discovery outside japan's fukushima nuclear plant, deformed daisies.
radiation has leaked from the damaged plant in the past. scientists aren't sure if that was the cause for the deformities or other factors are to blame. >> the international space station has three new astronauts this morning. they docked late last night and join three already in the middle of a one year tour of duty in orbit. the launch was postponed after an unmanned cargo ship fell back to earth in april. >> the drug fighting alzheimer's may slow the disease for sufferers in the early stages. >> these dogs were scheduled to die. how a hug changed their lives.
homes. 18,000 residents were destroyed in the war. the blockade limited the amount of construction supplies that can be sent to gaza. >> garbage is piling up in beirut after the lebanon government failed to come up with a place to put it. the city's mainland fill closed at planned but the government never developed a strategy for where else to dump the waste. >> in guatemala ancient mayan panels have been uncovered. they are well preserved and feature hieroglyphics providing insight to the countries royal traditions. >> a promising new update on alzheimer's drugs being studied right now. randall pinkston is more. what are studies showing? >> there are a lot of studies out this week about alzheimer's. we talked about sleep and
alzheimer's prevention. a large study is under way for eli lily's drug that targets the build up of a sticky protein that clogs the brain. in too early of studies the drug was not effective, but new research indicates it may help alzheimer's patients if it's taken early in the course of their disease. >> secondary analyses suggested that the therapy showed evidence of efficacy in the mild subject a sub group. >> the difference was small about two points on cognitive test scores. researchers will not know until the end of a large study if it really works. >> can you lift your leg up and roll your ankle? >> the findings offer a glimmer of hope. there's a handful of alzheimer's
medicines on the market and they treat symptoms, not the underlying disease. the disease affects more than 5 million americans 65 and older. by 2025, that number is expected to top 7 million and by 2050, nearly 14 million, unless there's a medical break through or cure. other drugs studied include one prom roach patients showed less sign of amyloid in their brains. another drug is beginning a late stage study after a trial showed it slowing cognitive decline. >> it is not some patients can get spect week or next month. it could be years to get the drugs on the market. >> as the baby boomer generation ages these drugs become even more relevant. >> please don't remind me. >> thanks, randall. >> educators gathered to talk about the best ways to discipline children in schools.
the meeting was aimed at tackling a dribbling issue that black students are more likely to be expended for expelled for disobeying teachers. >> when we continue with the status quo the outcomes continue to be the same. including restrictive placements, they never get less restrictive and juvenile justice and other systems and we know the consequences of that. >> officials highlighted school distributes that have tried to curb harsh disciplinary measures. in los angeles students are no longer dismissed. >> we have to talk about restorative justice. that training has to be on going. i was a teacher myself for several years before i became a professor. sometimes, you can get into a
situation with a student where you're really angry about what's transpired and at the moment, you feel like you can't be here in this space. there has to be some way to work with educators around how do you defuse a situation and allow this child to remain in school so learning can continue. >> more than 15 million students are suspended or expelled every year. >> a new dr. sues book will be released next week. it is the brother and sister from one fish two fish red fish bluefish. >> two dogs were minutes away from being euthanized when this photo led to a huge on line response. the group received more than $3,000 in donations. the dogs are in foster care until they find a permanent
>> i'll have two or three puffs and i'll already have a nicotine buzz. >> a popular smoking alternative. >> we have to learn have to learn more about electronic cigarettes. >> but could vaping be just as dangerous? >> what are you really taking in? >> we don't know what chemicals are in these things. >> techknow's team of experts show you how the miracles of science... >> i'm standing in a tropical windstorm. >> can affect and surprise us. >> wow, some of these are amazing. >> techknow - where technology meets humanity.
>> hello there welcome to the news hour. unannounced visit the u.s. defense secretary arrives in baghdad meeting iraq's prime minister. >> the u.n. envoy to sir yes is in damascus and met with the foreign minister expressing alarm over recent barrel bombs. >> the battle for aden. pro government forces say they pushed houthi fighters from thei