>> a border buffer zone to keep out i.s.i.l. we'll have the latest proposed by turkey and the u.s. hello there i'm felicity barr and this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up: questions about the health of china's economy as shares make their biggest fall in eight years. ethiopia's prime minister defends his country's democratic record against criticism from president obama. plus: >> i'm tarek bazley in one of
europe's leading robotics labs as the octopus is modeling the lates in robotic technology. >> hello the u.s. and turkey is discussing the creation of a buffer zone along turkey's southern border with syria. the counter fighters -- to counter fighters from the islamic state of iraq and the levant. syria fighters known as the ypg the kurdish government denies that claim. al jazeera's zeina khodr reports from kilis in southern turkey on the border with syria. >> turkey says it plans to send no troops across the border, instead it says it's cooperating with ground forces already inside syria.
those troops are not syria's kurds who the coalition has been relying on. but opposition groups who are fighting both i.s.i.l. and the syrian government acknowledge turkey's prime minister says u.s. which leads the coalition against i.s.i.l. has agreed that those opposition groups should be protected. expectations to a certain level i cannot go into details but for example an important point was the air cover for is free syrian army and other moderate groups fighting against daesh. it is an open secret that turkey is unhappy with the loins between the coalition and the kurdish ypg force. the kurds have expanded their presence. turkey is worried about this for many reasons. it doesn't want the kurds to create a state and inflame separatist sentiments among its own kurdish population, it also
considers the offshoot of the pkk which it has declared war on. it doesn't want the force on the ground to be partners in the coalition. ypg needs to meet before what the prime minister called the new syria. it will need to cut its links with the syrian government and cooperation with opposition groups. so far main rebel movements particularly those backed by turkey. that's not all. the ypg is now accusing turkey of repeatedly attack their units across the border, an allegation turkey denies. the syrian kurds also accuse turkey of declaring war on i.s.i.l. as a coverup to launch war against kurds both in turkey and syria. >> they are trying use the agreement with the coalition against daesh to target the
political parties. and this is something unacceptable because we have to differentiate between the terrorists and the political movements that demand for humanitarian right for some ethnical groups. >> turkey decided to militarily engage i.s.i.l. a few days ago but its decision to also target the pkk is causing the most controversy where yet another front line seems to be emerging. zeina khodr, al jazeera southern turkey. more now on the discussions between southern turkey, an i.s.i.l.-free zone, will encompass about 100 kilometers on turkey's southern border. patty culhane has more. >> the white house calls an i.s.i.l.-free zone would cover roughly 100 kilometer stretch on
turkey's border. once established they say it will be a safe haven for the refugees in turkey, but u.s. says it will not create a no fly zone and they don't have disagreement on the issue. >> the opposition to are assad regime either doesn't have the military capacity or some are extremists that the turks would not want in that zone on their border the united states, european allies, other arab countries are too far away nor providing that military presence so it really will come down to the turkish military actually guaranteeing that the zone would be free of i.s.i.s. >> but turkey has also started bombing the pkk in iraq and that came just days after the u.s. was given permission to use the bases in turkey.
>> i understand the coincidence of all of this but it is just that. the attacks against the pkk were in retaliation for attacks they the turks endured. >> the pentagon said they could have an agreement in the next few weeks. for now saying they want to create a safe zone but not who will do the fighting to find one. patty culhane al jazeera washington. >> both sides in yemen's conflict are accusing the other of breaking a humanitarian ceasefire. there have been houthi attacks in the southern region of ta'izz and saudi led coalition forces hit back near the saudi border. riyadh says this does not violate the five day truce that began on sunday. yemen in exile says it is purely humanitarian and relying on help
for the 20 million yemenis that need assistance. >> we support a truce that is fully implemented. we would not support one that would be used for expansion or to change conditions ton ground. >> and there's been intense fighting near mareb in central yemen. as they try to storm a checkpoint at al megdala. be forces loyal to abd rabbu mansour hadi. pakistan has condemned an attack which killed ten people at a police station and bus station in northern india. it follows accusations by indian officials that those who launched the attack crossed the border from pakistan. liddy dutt reports. >> three unidentified gunmen hijacked a car and attacked a bus then they opened fire in a police station close to the
india-pakistan border. bombs were also found on a nearby railway raising questions about the strength of india's border security. >> translator: it is a very unfortunate incident. there is a vast different what the be government preach and practice. poor and innocent people have been killed. >> reporter: even before the security operation ended some politicians in india were blaming pakistan. >> translator: terrorist attacks cannot take place without the orders of pakistan intelligence, any explosions needed as such are supplied by the isi. we need to send a message to pakistan this is not acceptable. >> india has traditionally held its neighbor responsible for previous attacks. indian government has already
stepped up security along the border. >> translator: after the incident the whole of punjab are on alert. we have called in everybody and are sanitizing the whole area so that another incident does not occur here. >> reporter: analysts say this is the first attack in 20 years. police are investigating who these gunmen were and who where they came from. liddy dutt, al jazeera, new delhi. >> barack obama has praised be ethiopia and challenged the leadership to improve its democratic record. the u.s. president met the ethiopian prime minister in addis ababa. mohammad adow reports. >> it's a warm welcome for president obama at addis ababa
national palace. it is the first visit by a sitting u.s. president to ethiopia one aimed at strengthening relationships established more than a century ago. the ethiopian prime minister. fight against terrorism. >> our security cooperation is pushing back against violent extremism. ethiopia faces serious threats and its contribution to the african union mentioned in somalia have reduced areas of al shabaab control but as the prime minister mentioned yesterday's bombing in the hotel in mogadishu. indicate that such actions have to be stopped. >> some human rights groups have criticized mr. obama's visit to
ethiopia. of the countries worldwide it's neighboring eritrea that jails more journalists than ethiopia. some held on charges of terrorism. many others remain in custody. the ethiopiaen leader however defended his commitment to democracy and human rights. >> we have reiterated that our commitment to democracy is real not skin deep. we have both noted that we need to step up efforts to strengthen our institutions and view our capacity in various areas. we believe that the u.s. support in this regard as age order democracy will contribute to touring that ourensuring that our system becomes robust. we have regard to with some
differences here and there. >> reacting to president obama's visit. >> the problem is obama he never walks his talk. he never walks his talk. for last six years. so if you don't walk your talk, and always giving empty promises, say something in the dining and the dining with dictators, people don't believe you. >> later on monday president obama joined the leaders of kenya, uganda and ethiopia. they urged parties in the south sudan conflict to come to a quick agreement. sanction he on intransigent individuals and a regional force if the parties don't agree to a deal by august 17th. mohammad adow, al jazeera, addis ababa, ethiopia. >> president obama has been holding a meeting to discuss the
deteriorating situation in south sudan. more than 2 million people in the country have been forced from their homes and the humanitarian situation has worsened in the past weeks with the outbreak of cholera. >> what is the point of people warring over a country which will no longer be there to win? the people will be too defeeted, too much dire need of shelter of above all their human spirit, those remarkable to see the resilience of so many people but it does get broken after being hounded from your home countless times. the fear in the eyes of all the people i met was palpable. >> chinese shares have had their biggest one day drop in eight years. the shanghai composite plummeted almost 8.5% on monday trade on the back of the worst
manufacturing numbers in the last eight years. the last 12 months have been a roller coaster ride for china's economy. some companies saw their stock value more than double, but then plummet by more than 30%. the chinese government stepped in and got brokerages to buy stocks and prop up the market. monday's dramatic drop suggests that is not enough to encourage market confidence. earlier i spoke to eric plat of the financial times. he's saying the situation in china has had an impact right accreditation the world. >> many investors have taken it that a good sign with proper measures you could blunt the fall in shares and since stocks continue to fair it is unlike concerns, will they bring back more tradeing halts or shares?
traveled across asia to u.s. markets and latin america. u.s. stocks closed down for fifth consecutive day today. it's a lot of stocks connected to china, materials producers companies that make cement or export oil that china has largely been using or has been the biggest drivers in the past years. >> one person murdered almost every hour, gang violence, in el salvador. plus new concerns for endangered bengal tiger. dramatic decline in numbers.
>> hello again a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. turkey has been accused of shelling a kurdish village in northern syria. a stronghold for fighters of the islamic state of iraq and the levant. both sides in yemen's conflict are accusing the other of breaking a humanitarian ceasefire. mountainous southern region of ta'izz and coalition fighters hit back near the saudi border. around chinese stocks recorded their biggest one day drop in eight years. the benchmark shanghai composite closed down 8.5% in monday trading. u.s. has taken malaysia and cuba off its list of countries failing to combat human trafficking. in the annual trafficking in
persons report released by the state department malaysia was moved up a grade. that means the u.s. thinks it's made some improvements in dealing with trafficking but not doing enough to fix the problem. cuba also went up a tier, u.s. says it's tried to increase the number of prosecution case but sex trafficking still widespread. thailand remains at the lowest level, u.s. blames thailand not doing enough to combat corruption. u.s. secretary of state john kerry unveiled the report in washington, d.c. a little earlier. >> we want to provide evidence and facts that will help people who are already striving to achieve reforms to alleviate suffering and to hold people accountable. we want to provide a strong incentive for governments at every legal to do everything they can to prosecute trafficking and to shield
at-risk populations. >> david 8 ramowitz works for amnesty united, unhappy with the malaysia decisions in particular. >> well, we're very disappointed with the decision to upgrade malaysia. malaysia's a country that has an estimated 4 million migrants, 2 million documented 2 million undocumented, who are the most vulnerable and one u.k. expert has estimated that up to 30% of that migrant population is subject to forced labor and human trafficking. so they have a severe problem and they really haven't been doing very much about it. there's a report that came out in 2014 on the electronics industry which has various different pieces of cell phones and other technology and it also found that up to one-third of the workers in the electronics industry were subject to forced labor. and the malaysian response just
hasn't been enough. so we're very, very disappointed that even though they've done virtually nothing they got upgraded. >> forensic pathologists in el salvador are overwhelmed by the number of victims of gun violence. murders in the central american nation have risen sharply since a gang truce collapsed a year ago. adam rainey be traveled to el salvador. a warning some of the visions in his report are disturbing. >> last month alone someone was murdered nearly every hour in the poor country. bullets lodged in the chest sometimes the head. people shoot to kill in el salvador.
they catalog the dead. some have no name. it's been another busy night at the morgue. doctors say thee two arrived in the middle of the night both killed in shootings. they say 90% of the bodies they receive die that way bearing all the marks of gang violence. this mother and her family turn to prayer. god is called on often here in the country named the savior. his father tells us it must have been god's will. what else could it be. a message board outside the morgue bears photos of those disappeared, feared dead, without any system in place families end up here, hoping for news of their loved ones. three weeks ago maria ramirez's husband never came home from work. she stops herself from talking about him in the past tense.
they're taken to a room, finally someone will hear their story. there a doctor asks them when they last saw her husband the missing are rarely found. many are hidden in clandestine graves if they are discovered, often they're only realms. juan miguel fortin oversees the state forensics lab. amid the desperation he is also searching for meaning.
>> reporter: speculation perhaps, answers in el salvador are hard to find. but with so many missing and dead those left behind have no choice but to keep looking. adam rainey, al jazeera el salvador. >> and adam has just sent us this update from san salvador, where a bus driver has just been killed while on duty. >> we're here in san salvador at the scene of a murder. a bus driver was killed while on duty not to be too graphic for viewers but you can still see the man slumped over the steering wheel forensic experts haven't come yet to remove his body. this is not to be graphic but to show what's happening in this city of 6 million. often the target of criminal organizations, showing how powerful they are. 50 such workers have been killed in this year alone in the past 24 hours in the capital area in
san salvador, three people who work for such companies bus drivers have been killed. this foms a weekend in which totally destroyed by a gang be again to show its power. what it does show is this small country continues to be overwhelmed by the number of dead and missing. >> police in dismawb zimbabwe are searching for the hunter who killeddesscecil. cease kilt cecil. the lion was attacked for over 40 hours before being beheaded and skinned. the reported be lessening of
numbers of the bengal tigers. a recent survey found he be only about 100 living in the forest undown from 440 in the last census. some believe the more accurate recording methods were used. 100,000 were believed to be live ten years ago that number has dropped to under 3,000. helping secure the future of the specious. >> well, this was once a vast area and there are very few forest outpostless and very few people guarding the vast forest which is about 6,000 square kilometers. so i suggest that the forest department should increase its strength in terms of outposts as well as the staff so that they can fight with poachers.
because poachers are you active all over the area. >> forest fires have forced dozens of homes or the evacuated in the spanish area of catalonia. fire broke out on sunday. emergency services says the blaze has now been contained. term high tech may evoke images of machines but scientists say they are striving to create softer robots, softer side of hardware. >> reporter: industrial robots like these are strong and powerful tools also a little menacing. controlled to perform repetitive tasks largely oblivious to those around them. but scientists are creating soft robots.
>> a soft robot is inherently soft, it will bounce off of you. what we would like is to make systems that humans can collaborate with, people can work together with a robot and you don't have to have the fear that a robot is going to crush somebody if the robot is soft. >> reporter: and it's the snarl world that's been the source of many of the ideas behind the system's new designs. these researchers took inspiration from the octopus an animal that doesn't have a hard skeleton but still able to become stiff and rigid. they mimicked the muscles and the way they do that, to produce an arm they believe could make robotic surgery considerably safer. >> if you have a very rigid robot, you can damage tissue and harm a patient. leaving that behind and really exploring the idea of soft robots will make an enormous difference because suddenly we have a robot that is effectively not capable of injuring the
patient even though we have a very close contact been the robot and the patient. >> reporter: they're also looking at the whos of goats sir abad got a scholarship from the ecuadorian government. >> most of the robots have just wheels which are not suitable for the land we have in ecuador because we have farms in hills and we also have obstacles like rocks and trunks. so they are not going to be able to work in that kind of area. >> reporter: other members of the team are looking at human arm muscles to better understand how they work with tendons to control limbs. others are using a robotic finger a level of sensitivity not usually associated with