negotiation in the congress committee. committee member after committee member expressing skepticism and at times it became down right contentious. we'll follow that throughout the day. i'm del walters. ♪ this is the al jazeera news hour warm welcome from me, david foster and looking at in the course of the next 60 minutes. they are shoulder to shoulder nato backing turkey's fight against i.s.i.l. as the first air strikes with the kurdish. africa is on the move. a new africa is emerging. >> praise and warning as barack obama becomes the first u.s. president to address the african
union. the son of libya's dictator moammar gadhafi among nine people sentenced to death on what the u.n. describes as disturbing. i'm in london where the computer programmers of the future are taking part in a hack-a-thon. not the end for the united states olympic bit and could be the beginning and will announce about the presidency. ♪ well, starting this program with the news that turkish f-16 fighter jets targeting in a place of a mountain area in the southeast and this is after the turkey president erdiwan who discussed this as impossible and
we report in the south of turkey. >> turkish f-16 fighter jets don't have too far to fly to hit targets of the new enemy aisle just over the border in syria this was last week and don't have much further to go to target an old enemy, the separatist p.k.k. in northern iraq. many kurds are angry and frustrated the turkish government seems to be equating the them from i.s.i.l. with the threat from the p.k.k. and mainly kurdish city in southeast turkey representatives from 18 nongovernmental organizations have been meeting and working out a joint response to what they fear is a threat to the already fragile peace process between the p.k.k. and the government. >> translator: .
>> reporter: on land most month of these people were celebrating the electoral success winning 80 seats in parliament for the first time. now tushish president wants to lift the immunity of mps of what he called terror groups and erdiwan are questioning whether the talks with the p.k.k. can carry on. >> translator: . >> reporter: he says having embarked on an offensive against terrorism, turkey won't be backing off. neither the p.k.k. nor the government have officially said the peace process is over. but it's never looked more fragile. one newly elected pro-kurdish m.p. told us the reason the p.k.k. has not launched a major offensive of the government is
they still hope talks can work. >> there was a technical problem on that our fault entirely and we did not have translation of the turkish president and the other gentleman included in the package but the gist of it is from erdiwan is that as long as there are a number of attacks there are a number of attacks from the kurds in that part of turkey as far as he is concerned the peace process is off. let's find out reaction from the other side is and bernard smith is live where he was with the latest on the turkish air strikes and reaction to it and i mean we made a mistake there, give us the essence of what the kurdish side is saying about that given we have missed the translation translation. >> well, i think not long after erdiwan spoke one of the cochairman and coleader of h.t.p. from da'esh came out and offered to give up the immunity erdiwan was talking about and
offered with m.p.s to go to government and say to erdiwan to give up immunity and the only crime they did was to lose 30% of the vote and what happened in the elections in june in turkey was a pro-kurdish party got in government and won 80 seats and doing so they denied the ruling party and overall majority they wanted to perhaps change the constitution to give erdiwan a more executive presidency. so there is a feeling among a lot of kurdish supporters there is action being taken against the p.k.k. and being done to sort of strengthen the look of the party as it tries, as the country tries to build a coalition government with other parties and if the coalition doesn't work there will be new elections in november when the party would hope to be stronger. >> are you suggesting the h.t.p. this kurdish party and pro-kurdish party that did so very well in the last elections
is standing back and effectively absorbing the punches so it can say we will take anything you can throw at us with the weight of the people behind us? >> well yes, they are. i mean they have not been able yet. there is an emergency meeting in parliament tomorrow and h.t.p. has not been able to flex its political muscle yet because it hasn't really appeared in parliament but yes it's saying to erdiwan okay we will lift our immunity if you want to prosecute us. of course on the h.t.p. he denies any links to the p.k.k. they say they stood in the election as a pro-kurdish party and also a party that was looking after the interests of many other minority groups as well and that is indeed how they won a lot of the vote in the election it was not just kurdish votes they got, a lot of leftist groups and other sorts of groups voted for h.t.p. as they saw them standing up for
minorities. >> what we will do is tell the viewers of what is happening p with turkey and nato and come back to you, western alliance with turkey in the battle against i.s.i.l. and a rare emergency meeting of the 28 defense alliance and supporting turkey's response to the threat posed by i.s.i.l. but urging the country not to use excessive force. >> for all our lives expressed their strong support for the for turkey and we stand altogether united in solidarity with turkey and all our lives also condemn the terrorism in all its forms. turkey didn't ask for any additional military and nato presence in turkey. what we all know is that turkey
is an ally and turkey has a very capable armed forces. >> this has happened in these sort of meetings on a handful of occasions before and most of the occasions have involved turkey. given nato didn't promise anything concrete what was the point of turkey going to all of this trouble and for all of these defense ministers et cetera to turn up? >> well i think really turkey needed to show that it was getting the political backing from nato to go ahead with these actions not just against i.s.i.l. in syria but as we have said against the p.k.k. positions in northern iraq. there is no explicit reference at the end of the that meeting to turkey's actions in northern iraq and other countries individually called for turkey to call restraint in that action but essentially turkey wanted that political backing and that's why it did it. we should also point out although turkey has not called for nato to come in with further
military backing from his own armed forces erdiwan today said that nato should be ready to do that should that be called for. so that would be article five of the north atlantic treaty. turkey has not voted but erdiwaned warned it might have to. >> live for us there in turkey. bernard smith. a new africa is e emerging as president obama addressed the union in ethiopia the first time the u.s. president delivered a speech to this body and obama telling the 54 members of eau that africa is on the move and rapid growth will help the continent away from war and poverty but obama warned the progress in this area has been put at risk by what he described as the cancer of corruption and by leaders who cling to power against the wishes of the people and urged africa leaders not to
abuse their powers by cracking down on critical voices as we report from abbab a. >> reporter: it was the first ever address by a u.s. president to the 54-member african union and barack obama did not disappoint disappoint. it was his criticism of african leaders who remain in office beyond their time limits with the dick -- dignitaries. >> when a leader tries to change the rules in office it risks instability and strife as we have seen in burundi. and this is often, and this is often just the first step down a perlless pass. >> he singled out the president ziza for election for a third term was an example of the dangers of trying to stay in power.
the u.s. president told african leaders to make their country more attractive to investment by cleaning up corruption. >> nothing will unlock africa's economic potential more than ending the cancer of corruption. and you are right that it is not just a problem of africa it is a problem of those who do business with africa. it is not unique to africa. corruption exists all over the worlds including in the united states. but here in africa corruption drains billions of dollars from economies that can't afford to lose billions of dollars. >> reporter: the u.s. leader commended african nations for leadership in peace keeping and counter terrorism in the continent and most of what he said was well received. >> the point there is about africa defense on africans we cannot expect the rest of the world to do things for us. >> the part of him leaving power
peacefully was a really funny one, the old should leave and the new should come and let new leaders leave. >> reporter: in his address that marked the end of his five-day trip president obama warned that africa's impending population could bring both opportunities and disorder and asked african leaders to create more jobs and opportunities for young people or risk economic potential to instability. mohamed with al jazeera, ethiopia. bahrain said explosives used in a bomb blast that killed two officers tuesday may be smalleled from iran and this is in the capitol. officials say the explosives used resembled those seized this weekend apparently smuggled from iran and according to ambassador to tehran. despite the ceasefire in yemen heavy fighter at the air base outside the southern port city
aiden and the biggest air base is held by houthi fighters and for five days has been under siege by forces loyal to president haidi and air strikes have continued despite a five-day truce that began on sunday to allow humanitarian supplies. that shaky truce is helping some food and some medicine reach those who desperately need it. >> reporter: the markets in aiden have once again come to life even though the saudi-led coalition truce is barely holding. on the outskirts government fighters and loyalists fight missiles towards the airport. meanwhile a saudi air strike targeted a launch pad in the province. the houthis have not committed to the pause in the fighting and see it as a coalition ploy to reenforce government-held areas and roads leading to aiden checkpoints established to monitor all movement.
but the relative calm in the fighting means much-needed aid is arriving. getting aid to aiden is the first step in reaching millions of people who are fast running out of basic supplies. >> translator: 80% of yemen people are in need of assistance over 9 million need urgent medical help and the immobilization of children has stopped completely which presents a threat to the future. >> reporter: the mood in the houthi helped capitol sanaa is grim and many just want the war to be over. >> translator: we are entering the fifth month of war and destruction, yemen does not deserve this the children don't deserve this in the end after all this destruction the warring sides will sit down and negotiate and it's impossible to resolve this conflict except through dialog and it's better if they just do it now. >> reporter: in areas where houthi rebels are trying to take control there has been no pause in the fighting. and there are reports of shelling and pro-government fighters say the houthis are
sending reenforcements on the border with saudi arabia houthis say they fired missiles and the saudi forces say they responded to the attack and even in areas where there is support for the government in exile people don't have much faith in the pause. >> we hope this truce will stop. something strange but as we can see here as you can listen from people we do not trust a truce. we think that attacking houthis continuously is the key to beat them. >> reporter: truce, what truce? we didn't hear anything about it. we heard there is a truce so we can get electricity and water. we just want things to improve. >> reporter: in aiden damage infrastructure and lack of public services is a constant reminder of the fighting and people here know it's not over yet, al jazeera. do stay with us if you can on this al jazeera news hour and we have this coming up among other things and trade talks
among pacific countries could lead to job cuts and environmental damage. killer of this beautiful beach has been named and is a tourist from the u.s. in sport how this woman is making history in the male-dominated world of the nfl. lee has more on that a little bit later. ♪ let us talk about turkey calling together a special meeting of nato members and launching air strikes against i.s.i.l. and the p.k.k. the kurdish fighting group which has had a long running battle with turkish authorities and let's bring in a professor of international relations of b.a.u. university in istanbul very good to be able to see you and to hear you on this subject. do you believe turkish authorities perhaps are trying to confuse in the eyes of a lot
of people their battle against i.s.i.l. and their battle against kurdish forces? >> well i mean, the situation on the ground is very complicated so i can understand that a lot of viewers who are not very knowledgeable about what is going on can be confused about this but turkey has been very clear that it sees both i.s.i.l. and the p.k.k. as equally menacing threats and with corporation with the united states turkey and the united states did not have any difference of interest over this but a difference in priorities. the priority for turkey was to make sure that the p.k.k. which is an out lawed terrorist organization fighting a separatist conflict within turkey for the past 30 years would not be able to secure more ground through its allies the syrian kurds the p.y.d. and at the same time turkey was very interested obviously in keeping the security on its border from
the security threat from p.k.k. related forces. and they wanted to see an end to the assad regime and of course the fight against i.s.i.l. was the immediate priority for the u.s. now it seems these priorities have converged and there is a more sensitivity and understanding by the u.s. and turkey's nato allies to the immediate security concerns and the border and at the same time you know there is an understanding but within turkey within the turkish government also of speeding up the cooperation of i.s.i.l. and they have been cooperating. >> understanding and sensitivity or simply pragmatism because the u.s. wanted to use the turkey air base for the raid and the turks may have said you can use it on condition you support us by creating this if you want to call it a buffer or safe zone which would help us ostensibly or would help us in our fight against the p.k.k. >> obviously, i mean yeah
obviously there has been you know a sense of pragmatism on both sides so i mean it would be wrong to say that there was nt and i mean there is a rare poll tick playing around and let's not forget these countries have been allies in nato throughout the cold war so we are not just talking about two countries coming together for a short term interest. these are countries that have cooperated on security matters for a very large number of years. so i wouldn't say it's only pragmatism as well. i mean, today the nato emergency meeting that was called by turkey reiterated the alliance of solidarity for turkey's fight against terrorism. >> i wanted to ask you about one more thing which is the political situation away from the security matters if we can divorce them for just a second. the pro-kurdish h.t.p. had 13% of the vote in the resent election much to the surprise of the ruling party erdiwan's party
is mr. erdiwan using it the president of turkey using this to now save the turkish people and look we need to divorce ourselves from these h.t.p. people what we need to do is form a government without them and that those who won this election for the h.t.p. 13% are a little worried that people will believe this? >> well i think, you know there is a lot of speculation about that and, you know some of it i think goes as farfetched as conspiracy theories. what is happening right now and obviously the political situation is also quite complicated, you are absolutely right the kurdish party for the very first time did manage to go over the threshold and go into parliament but there is a fact that the ceasefire was rather fragile. the peace process was started by the party so it's not that they did not want this peace process, it was actually initiated by the present government but
unfortunately the h.t.p. party refused to break off their links with the p.k.k. or in some instances have refused to denounce some of their actions which has unfortunately led to this situation and of course we have the break down of the ceasefire where the p.k.k. have attacked turkish armed forces and police over the past week and hence the retaliation and of course retaliation against i.s.i.l. happened also because of the i.s.i.l. attack in soroch and it's unfortunate that attacks by i.s.i.l. and p.k.k. have come after another and have required this reaction from turkey which is a tandem operation dealing with both organizations. >> professor, thank you. >> and it does complicate it. >> it is complicated but you helped make it less so and i appreciate your time and thank you. one of the sons of libya's
former dictator moammar gadhafi sentenced to death for crimes committed during the 2011 uprising in syria. and he was convicted of war crimes and of suppressing peaceful protests against his late father. he gave evidence to the court via video link and held by a former rebel group which is refusing to hand him over. joining me live from washington is joe deputy director of human rights watches and middle east and north africa division and good to have you with us and we will get it out of the way first off that you disagree with the handing down of the death sentence. i'll ask you another question about that which is do you think if he had been in the hands of authorities that wanted him, the icc he would have got a fairer trial? >> i think it's certainly a better chance that he would have gotten a fairer trial if the trial had been under the auspices of the i.c.c. quite clearly. look in libya's justice system
one can hardly call it that any more and you have two governments essentially and you have an internationally recognized government in tubrook and another party that claims to be the legitimate government that actually holds a considerable portion of libya territory. it was under their auspices in tripoli that this trial took place. you know, it is frankly it was quite a sham i think, the fact that so many people received so many harsh sentences, nine death sentences, a number of life imprisonment sentences from the information we have the accusations were lodged in a very general way and seemed to belittle attempt to you know specify individual responsibility for particular crimes so all in all quite a part from our opposition to the death penalty we find this a very disturbing trial indeed and
we hope that the supreme court which will be the next venue. >> at least for those people who suffered supposedly at the hands of those who have been convicted there has been the chance to see some kind of justice whichever you think it should have gone and if there was a long extradition, please let me finish a long extradition to the international criminal court even if he got there the chance of conviction is slim giving that court's record in that direction. >> no i don't think necessarily so. the fact is i don't think that the victims of the gadhafi regime saw justice at all. this was not a just trial. it may be that say gadhafi or others indeed were responsible for criminal activities should have been prosecuted no question but this was not a fair judicial proceeding and we did not see justice. >> there are those who would look at you and say this is
lillie liberal about getting these people in the right place where nothing would have happened to them they would have walked or just been kept waiting for years. >> no i don't think that is necessarily true. first of all the issue here is not whether they should have been before the icc although the icc did have a warrant out for gadhafi. the fact is this was not a fair trial. so if it had been a fair trial in libya, you know we would be saying something very differently now. >> what do you think the chances of him now because he is being held by this rebel group who cooperated to some extent because of the video link what do you think the chances are of them actually handing him over? >> well it's not clear why he would be handed over now when he has not been handed over over the last several years. as far as this video link goes there were 24 sessions in the trial. after all going on for more than a year.
there are 24 sessions and gadhafi according to our information was able to participate by video in three of those sessions. so i certainly don't think that is anything to be bragging about. >> thank you very much indeed. this is something i know you will continue to pursue. please keep us in touch with your updates. humanitarian issue in syria is discussed at the u.n. in new york and the humanitarian chief briefed the security council saying the violence there has got worse and cutting off little aid that is getting in and blamed the government use of what are known as barrel bombs on residential areas. >> over the past weeks mr. president violence has continued to escalate across the country causing death and destruction and complicating and severely impeding brave aid efforts.
in indiscriminate attacks by barrel bombs and weapons in populated areas remain by pair the primary cause offensive civilian deaths and injuries. >> stay with us in the news hour and we have this coming up trying to honor the truth and are preparing to excavate what could be the world's biggest mass graves. reporting from south africa where students and parents are protesting over a shortage of teachers. we have the sport, we have lee's biggest cup signing one of the world's most controversial footballers. stay with us if you can. ♪
gadhafi's sons is sentenced to death forward crimes in the 2011 uprising in libya. barack obama has been urging african union leaders to stave off poverty and talking in ethiopia and saying leaders who refuse to step down could harm growth. how significant was all of this? what will the african union make of it? we have a world politics professor with african studies here in central london. would it be fair to say, professor, that right now there are massive chinese influences across the african continent and huge united states african, huge united states interests across the african content and these two giants are likely to collide in the best of their interests? >> they are there to compete with each other and i think this competition is probably going to be very healthy, for one thing
it gives the africans a choice and have options for the first time in a great number of years. and it means that no one super power is going to be able to crack a whip and just make people do what they want them to do. those days for africa have passed so in a way it's a coming of age for africa to be courted by two such very very strong states. >> if we can regard them as two international models are they trying to further their economic interests in africa or their security interests principally? >> a bit of both and the economic interest are paramount and the question of security looms very large particularly ethiopia being on the borders of somalia for instance is a major islamic insurection and rehearsal ground for 9/11 attack
on america and there is a deep interest in security but no one really knows quite how to deal with it in africa. >> when we have seen the u.s. president talking about human rights but also directing some of his ire to african leaders and in many cases who stay on beyond their welcome particularly in the light most recently of ziza in molly who against advice went for a third term do you think anybody will listen to him or will it be brushed away as none of your business or will they say if we play along with what he says we could get more out of what the united states has to offer? >> i think in certain countries with well developed practices like south africa terms of office will be respected and many other places where constitutional democracys are actually quite new, no it's not going to make much difference at all, this is part of an evolutionary process so i don't think in this case it's going to make a blind bit of difference.
however, things that he said about corruption, about leaders not only seeking continual power but being corrupt when they are in power that did have a huge reservoir part with people who live in africa and could demand some kind of transparency and responsibility from african leaders. >> if we were to look at let's say a handful, three or four african countries where these two super powers will want to have influence most strongly in the next decade or so would you care to tell us which they might be? >> the playing field stretches across a huge amount of africa. obviously i think both super powers will quite nigeria with the largest economy in africa but areas where there are great concentrations of petroleum like border lands with south sudan will be competitive and south africa because it has the largest industrial capacity in
africa so it can manufacture things to the benefit of producers and distributors here in the west and china that country will be seriously looked at. >> thank you so much. israeli spy has been in jail in the u.s. since 1987 to be released on parole and jonathan pollard was in prison forgiving information to israel and he was planned in texas with a planned released date of november the 21st. let's go to patty my colleague in washington d.c. and it's not a case that people will remember a great deal about but as you tell us why this has happened give us some of the background. >> well he was arrested accused of giving thousands of documents to israel in exchange for cash and plead guilty david and the judge listens to a report from
the defense department and decided he needed a life sentence and saying the classified information was so damaging to security she basically threw the book at them and what happened after the sentencing laws and in november it will be 30 years since his arrest he gets mandatory release is what the law says when it comes to sentencing. he could have been kept in prison if he violated prison rules and if he was still a risk. the justice department did not say that and the panel has come out and said he can be released in late november. there is a condition, he cannot leave the u.s. for five years and made it very clear he wants to move to israel so his lawyers are asking president obama to get involved to release him now not make him wait any more months and to lift that travel ban. we are waiting to hear from the white house if they will even consider that as a possibility. there are going to be a lot of people in town speculating there is a tie between the pollard case and iran deal which you know israel is fiercely lobbying congress to try and get involved
in that. now, administration officials basically said that is ridiculous, this 30 year sentence we have no way of knowing we have an iran deal and cannot link the two and hoping because past presidents tried to use power which has been a sticking point in the u.s. israeli relationship and tried to use it as a bargaining chip and hope that pollard will grant some good will and lessen intense lobbying and seems unlikely giving the force opposition to any pending deal. >> good to hear from you patty, thank you very much. dozens of schools in south african city in elizabeth because students and parents are in protest about shortage of teacher and barricading roads and throwing stones at police and it's the only way to get the government to listen and tonya page was there. >> reporter: with no schools open trouble brewed in northern port elizabeth and police are close by. they fired tear gas and rubber
bullets in the crowd before so people are on edge. >> we want school. >> reporter: some of these children go to school in classrooms containing more than 100 pupils and they are demanding more teachers. >> setting in classes and there are no teachers there and they take the teachers away and the teachers stay away. >> reporter: all these children say they want to be this school but after years of having their educational needs ignored this protest is the only way of getting anyone to pay attention. the protests have closed 33 schools, richard says it's incompetence and lack of accountability for government leaders that is to blame. >> nobody nobody came back to seriously have the political world to address this issue and that is a very sad, sad state of affairs for me as a parent. >> reporter: drive complains a regularly echoed around a
country in which there are frequent protests on issues as wide ranging as high unemployment to a lack of clean water. the governing african national congress is used to such criticism. >> i apologize to our communities for whatever it is the department but failure to provide an education on a single day. >> reporter: he says more teachers will be provided. but the kids here and everyone else are used to broken promises. tonya page port elizabeth south africa. a man accused of killing a lion has been named as a tourist from the united states and three weeks ago he was shot with an arrow and then a rifle. his killer is alleged to be walter palmer the u.s. dentist who allegedly paid $50,000 to have the lion and they arrested the guide and farm worker and
say they are on the lookout for mr. palmer. trade ministers who come have a dozen pacific rim countries are all in hawaii trying to sort out an ambitious trade deal ever and it will cover half of the world's economy and 12 countries involved in this known as the trans pacific partnership talks and the idea is to cut the cost of trading and eliminate some terrorists altogether and t.p.p. would turn part of the world into a single market like europe's trading block, although the combine population of the country would be about 650 million, much bigger than the eu and saying the t.p.p. would threaten jobs and that it would encourage companies for example in the u.s. to send work overseas to countries where the labor is cheaper. and as andrew thomas reports there are similar concerns in australia. >> the products monitor levels of water and air pollution and
an australia company exported them around the world and tariffs and regulations made some markets and mexico in particular difficult to track and hopes the trans pacific partnership t.p.p. will change that. we are confident we have the mechanisms and services and compare advantage to take on the opportunities that t.p.p. would bring. >> reporter: all 12 pacific rim countries involved in t.p.p. talks which together makeup 40% of the global economy exporters are eying opportunities. supporters of the t.p.p. say it will bring cheaper goods and services to all the impact will be to raise global g.d.b. by $300 million but the talks have critics and there have been protests. the secrecy of the negotiations has frustrated many. >> we don't know anything and that is outrageous that people are going to be held accountable to an agreement that we never saw the data in the first place. >> reporter: and what little is
known of course causes concern and labor unions worry it can cost jobs and empower copy powerpower cooperations at the expense of the environment and t. p. p. will expand molly rights and medicines are among the products to be more expensive for longer. >> intellectual property provisions that the u.s. is pushing as part of the t.p.p. agree to by vietnam then half of over half of the current patients patients receiving treatment for hiv in vietnam would no longer have access to the treatments. >> reporter: the other concern is provisions to allow corporations to sue governments threatening profits and a cigarette company is challenging australia over packages over an existing treaty and there could be more of that under a t.p.p. critics say. after a decade of negotiations the t.p.p. talks could conclude here in hawaii later this week. one country that has not been part of them is china.
that is significant. president obama has made it clear he wants the united states to pivot more to asia and see this trade deal as central to that. if these talks were to fail he thinks china would establish its own free trade zone based on its standards, not the u.s. this t.p.p. deal then is much about politics as economics. andrew thomas al jazeera, hawaii. andrew teeing it up talking about china and the fact it's not involved and how does the own free trade agreement work? we have details from scott who is in beijing. >> reporter: so far china has been excluded from the discussions of the trans pacific partnership mainly because they don't agree with the standards of the free trade component to discussions but china has its own free trade program in the works called one belt one road ambitious program and not only free trade but physically connect asia with europe and
africa and also a component of this initiative they started infrastructure development banks and what they are focused on and there are geo ramifications in china because half of the 12 countries that are part of p.t.t. have territory disputes the china. china's concern is if this goes through those countries particularly vietnam and japan will come closer under the security umbrella of the united states and thus the united states will have a bigger posture, a bigger presence both when it comes to the economy as well as military here in asia and that is something china is not happy about. excavation of what could be one of the biggest mass graves ever delayed in columbia for more than a week. western have been open to exhume bodies from what they believe to be a dumping ground and residents say they are the bodies of rebels who disappeared in 2002 went they had a crack down on left wing opposition
groups and we are live from there and this is a he business for anybody who has to be involved and you will tell us why it has been involved but also tell us who they think these people are and how they have been able to identify this is where they are. >> well david, it has been delayed essentially because it's a very complicated task. that is because we are essentially standing over a mountain of debris and construction waste here. you can see the roped off site beside me. that will be the first excavation site. first they are going to need to clear it off all the plants and over grown grass and then they will have to bring in heavy machinery and we dug up 24,000 cubic meters of earth, that is comparable to a building for a five-story high and only when they reach the natural soil then
they will be able the forensic teams to go in and do the manual work. now these people were regular people, most of them that lived in the community in the western part of the city here and it's a slum and a lot of them were disappeared during military operations at the beginning of the year 2000 in particularly in the years 20002 and 2003 at the hands victims say of para military groups that were working in accordance with the military. >> alexander thank you very much indeed. terrible business and terrible job having to do what they are going to have to. thank you. still ahead on this news hour we are on the starting line for one of the world's toughest races and. >> i'm jessica in london where the computer programmers of the future are taking part in a hack-a-thon. ♪
♪ news unemployment across europe is 20% and tech companies are struggling to fill those jobs. britain trying to have a week-long festival of code and we went along to look at the algorithms and all the rest. >> a world of technology. >> reporter: using computers to find solutions to real life problems these young people from 12-18 are designing apps but they are doing it under pressure, they have five days to come up with the idea design it
and present it. it's called a hack-a-thon but there is nothing sinister about it, it's business trying to show young people with computer skills that working with others in an office can be fun. these kids are still at school. but one in five young people across europe is out of work. what is crazy about that is that it's the same time technology companies struggle to fill jobs. the week-long hack-a-thon takes the techs out of the bedrooms in hopes one day they will join an office. >> maybe they lose interest because they can't find other like minded people to share their ideas with so these type of events have a great channel and great platform for them to get together and share ideas and hopefully continue with ideas in coding because there is a great shortage. >> stephen is giving tips and won the competition in 2009 with a map that maps crime rate and understands how it's sometimes hard for a very skilled
programmer to integrate into a workplace. >> a lot of developers don't know how to market themselves and a lot are kind of stuck in the bedroom like i say so these events further the skills especially client-facing skills and it's important when you talk to people and building the confidence. >> reporter: although there is only one girl in this group organizers say 30% of the young people are female. >> making a web app that basically uses which artist you want to see on tour and accommodation in travel and puts it altogether to see how affordable it can be. >> reporter: these kids are learning much more than computer skills and coding they are also learning how to work together as a team and how to present their work once it's finished. all important skills that they will need to one day get a job in it. not all of the participants want to work as computer programmers when they are older but they all know that as the world slides ever more into reliance on technology their skill also be
useful no matter where they end up jessica baldwin, al jazeera london. sport and lee is with us. >> thank you very much decided he will run for fit -- fifa president and current ua for president indicated he has made up his mind from european football to the job in world football and blatter is stepping down as head of fee fa and subject of two criminal investigations and did not want to risk standing against blatter but feels he has enough support from four football six confederations. and they signed controversy futbol star nadal in a deal that could end up being worth $45 million and he was a stand-out performer as they won coppa america and the first time in history and also escaped a
prison sentence for driving under the influence and crashing. the international olympic committee is expecting a bid from the united states for the 2024 summer games following boston's decision to withdraw its bid and ioc gave until mid september to table a formal bid with paris, rome, budapest and ham burg and they said the lack of public support is already rising in cost and los angeles is the favorite to be selected as that u.s. candidate. >> i think it's very important for us to have american bid for 2024 because this is very important country, very strong country in sport and of course in olympic movement. but i think they will reasking and some american cities will be tentative for 2024. the architects behind the abandon plans for tokyo's 2020
olympic stadium hit back at the critics of ambitious design massive over budget and scrapped the plan 11 days ago when costs rose $2 billion, almost double the original estimate and architects say the contractors were chosen too early and estimates did not take into account labor and costs and a different stadium will be built because it won't be able for the 2020 union world cup as originally planned. the arizona cardinals have made nfl history as the first team to have a woman on their coaching staff, 37-year-old jen will be working with inside linebackers this year during training camps and she was a former pro football player herself and the first female known kicker in a men's league in february last year when she took the field as a running back for texas evolution of the inside football lead and head coach said it's a
great opportunity that could open some doors for her and news just coming in nfl commissioner roger goodel talked about brady to deflate the balls the deflate gate as it's called. nedal is back to winning matches after wimbledon after a slow start he beat fernando in the round and his favorite clay surface and lost the first set 6-3 and took the second and third sets 6-1 and the match was played under cover because of rain. one of south africa's greatest ever cricketers died at age of 66 and he had been ill for years with a brain tumor, 1991 he was south africa's first in the apartheid era and banned playing
cricket for years and he made his debut for south africa age 42. one of the toughest foot races in the world about to take place and the ultra marathon taking on a big distance in extreme weather conditions the battle with the basin is in the death valley national park in california. to start 85 meters below sea level, the lowest in america and the field of 100 runners with 217 kilometers of course that takes in three mountain rages. if they complete it within 48 hours they will finish on the summit of mt. whitney the highest point in the united states and our reporter is at the start line. >> reporter: some people call it a race others say it is a run and others say it's just survival and that is what most of the athletes will survive when they compete in the 135 mile or 217 kilometer foot race
that starts here in the death valley national park of california. as you might be able to tell nothing really survives here because it is so hot. this is one of the hottest areas in the entire world. certainly the north america. right now it's 120 degrees fahrenheit 48 degrees celsius and it's a little after 6:00 p.m. local time. now over 134 different athletes from 24 different countries have already started arriving here. it starts here at one of the lowest points in all of north america and finishes in mt. whitney one of the highest points of this part of the country. within the world of endurance athletes this race has taken on almost mythical status and one of the most difficult races in the world and the obvious question is what drives people to want to do it. >> i want to see how far i can take a body how far i can push
it yeah. that is what it's driving to see if i can do it. >> i take all. i will endure. >> reporter: yes, this race is about survival but it is also a competition. the course record set was in 2007 when a brazilian man finished in 22 hours and 51 minutes. now for the women that record was set in 2010 when a woman from the united states finished a little over 26 hours. >> we are going to say thank you very much indeed because we have breaking news out of the united states the justice department there and we have very few other details about it has said a man in his early 20s has been charged with using a weapon on mass destruction. phyllis will be up in just a minute and more news on that and the rest of the global headlines for me david foster bye-bye.
♪ shoulder to shoulder nato backs turkey's fight against i.s.i.l. as they continue air strikes against another enemy, kurdish rebels. ♪ hello there this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up the son of libya's late leader gadhafi is sentenced to death and the u.n. describes as disturbing. africa is on the move. africa is emerging. >> words of praise and a warning as barack obama becomes the