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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  August 2, 2015 5:00pm-6:01pm EDT

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inues. >> announcer: this is al jazeera. and this is the al jazeera newshour this is some of what we are looking at in the next 60 minutes. [ chanting ] kurdish protests against the turkish air strikes on p.k.k. targets in northern iraq another night, another attempt by migrants to get to britain by france we are in the french ports of calais rains flood myanmar.
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150,000 affected dozens have died. i'm lee wellington with the sports news - including athletition accused. world doping federation arrived for a report that a third of medal winners could have been using drugs. claim and counterclaim over casualties said to be caused by turkey's air campaign in the border regions, some say 10 were killed. some insist that shells hit turkish p.k.k. fighters shelter. tensions rise. demonstrations in kurdish areas in turkey and in iraq. turkey appearing determined to maintain its attacks on i.s.i.l. in syria and the p.k.k. ankara
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blaming that group, p.k.k. for a suicide attack in which two turkish soldiers were killed. zeina khodr sends this report. >> reporter: another attack against turkish security personnel. this time it involved a suicide truck bomb. at least two soldiers were killed 20 injured. authorities are blaming the outlawed kurdish workers party or the p.k.k. sunday's bombing is seen as an escall eights in the conflict between turkey and the p.k.k. which spilled on to the streets. scenes like these have been occurring. >> translation: we wanted to organise a march urging the continuation of peace talks. als you know there's chaos in kurdistan. >> who wanted to create it atmosphere.
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it was the caretaker a.k. party. >> turkey disagrees, blaming them for violating is ceasefire and killing security personnel. >> translation: the game is clear, three terrorist organizations are targetting turkey, their actions a declaration of war. the turning point was not when we declared war on july 23rdrd. >> reporter: the turkish government says there can be no talks if the attacks continue. turkey began a campaign of air strikes in iraq and syria a week ago. officials call it a synchronized campaign against terror. it caused a divide among kurdish political parties across the region. in this iraqi-kurdish city kurds are kurds are angry at a call by the regional government
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for pt p.k.k. to withdraw from northern iraq. they want to protect civilians and protect the area from becoming a battlefield. the opponents believe he is serving the interest of his close ally turkey. they believe the real agenda is keeping political ambitions in check. >> translation: i wonder how turkey hits the fence forces fighting i.s.i.l. that means the turkey government is protecting i.s.i.l. and fighting anyone that fights them. the kurds in iraq and syria may have a longs history of power struggles, but they have been cooperating in the fight against i.s.i.l. they've been the coalition forces on the ground. >> cracks are emerging in syria the 4-year war is devastating the country, 227,000 thought to have died.
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8 million forced from their homes. syrians that live in rebel-held areas facing fighting and they are vulnerable to air strikes from government forces. some living in dhaka to protect themselves. >> reporter: this is the remote part of aleppo under the control of syrian rebels. only a few shops are open in the mark which ones used to be packed with shoppers. these days they have few buyers. this shop used to sell a lot of merchandise. the owners say they are struggling to stay open. >> translation: the city of aleppo, you rarely see people coming to the market. in the good days it was packed with buyers and sellers. >> reporter: the shop closes at nightfall. people are scared of aerial attacks. a house with a light on gives planes more things to target.
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it's not just shops and homes, cars on the road can't switch on headlights. drivers flashlights as they approach rebel checkpoints, where they are asked for identification. >> translation: aleppo is dark. when it's night time no young goes out -- no one goes out, they'll be targeted by war planes and bombs. >> reporter: on the front line this is what it brings. intensifying between rebels and i.s.i.l. forces continue for years, all fighting for control. rebels say they have made gains because they targeted i.s.i.l. strongholds and insist they are making inroads in areas held by the government. what was once a bright city is a former shell of itself and those brave enough to show sign
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of life do it under fear of the government supposed to protect them the u.n. world food program halved assistance to syrian refugees in jordan and lebanon, lack of money is blamed. this report from jordan this man is shocked and frustrated, he's refused a text message from the world food program saying the value of the food assistance he receives has been cut by half for the month of august. if that is not enough he and his family living outside camps in jordan will not be entitled to assistance starting in september. >> translation: how is it possible the entire international community is unable to cover the food needs of syrian refugees. it can end the war if it wants. this is nonsense. >> reporter: the monthly food
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assistance was a life line for everyone, it was the only support they had after losing health care late last year we have no choice but to call on donors friends of syria and the gulf arab states to look at how refugees are living and to help us losing the food vouchers has been disastrous. >> every family has been notified of the cuts in food assistance. >> only a handful of the children here go to school. the rest are illiterate. >> with food assistance for refugees cut by half some families tell us they'll have to skip meals and reduce their food portion. as a result aid agencies expect more syrian children to go to work or the street to beg. >> the cuts do not effect syrian refugees living in camps, only the hundreds of thousands that live in towns and skis which
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make up 85% of syrian refugees in jordan. the world food program was going to suspend assistance to all refugees in camps because of a lack of money, a last-minute donation allowed it to provide reduced assistance. >> we need more money. unless we get nor funding, families will have to be cut off. >> it is forcing 86% of syrian refugees in jordyn to live under the poverty line and it's affecting the wellbeing of international organizations to help them refugees at a camp in jordan are battered by the elements. this sand storm and the heatwave. they are seeking medical treatment for breathing problems and dehydration. the storm cut power to many cuts of the camp.
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coping through the capital, flights into and out of ayman have been disrupted now to the conflict in yemen, there has been renewed violence in the southern port city aden seven killed, 60 wounded by a landmine thought to have been planted by houthi rebels the houthis were driven out of the city by pro-government forces two weeks ago. local fighters including supporters of abd-rabbu mansour hadi have also been advancing here on the town of zinc jew bar. saturday fighting broke out between houthi and pro-abd-rabbu mansour hadi fighting in the western city tiaz. civilian homes are among the buildings damaged. a word from the houthi leader and says he's willing to negotiate peace. he dismissed the gains made by pro-abd-rabbu mansour hadi fighters in aiden saying they
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were insignificant. >> translation: this development in aden does not represent gain. it's an isolated victory. the more the aggressors continue the more they are involved it's a waste of time it's in vain. at the end of the day they are the losers. steps like these, no matter what they are, are not going to decide the outcome of the battle. >> britain and france have called on other e.u. countries to deal with a growing migrant crisis. saturday another 200 migrants tried to get into the tunnel at the french port calais. some trying to break down a number of levels of fences surrounding the entrance. french riot police sponding and spraying -- responding and spraying migrants with a chemical irritant a thanksgiving service has been held at the migrant camp that sprung up on the outskirts
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of calais. it's known as the jungle and is home to 3,000 people. the congregation to migrants of ethiopia and sudan, the money to go towards buying a generator at the site. charles stratford sent this update. >> reporter: while european politicians argue as to how to deal with the crisis the conditions in the camp are atrocious and continue to deteriorate with more and more people coming here all the time. everyone we responsible to is too afraid to go on camera. they do not want to be identified. when you ask why it is important for them to get to the u.k. they include several things and they include the process is easier in europe they say the wages are better and they want to be part of an english language an english speaking culture. they say that they will continue despite the risks, to
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try to jump some of these fences, get in the tunnel and start what they see as being a better life rescuers are searching for 20 people trapped by a land slide in the north-west of india. torrential rain caused the side of a hill to collapse this week. another 500 people have been stranded after a landslide blocked a road. nearby temples have hundreds of thousands of pilgrims attracted to the area rains hit myanmar. at least 27 have been killed. government says it's a national disaster. caroline malone reports. >> reporter: many parts of myanmar have been submerged in rain and floods and landslides that followed. people are doing what they can to escape the worst hit areas - mainly to the west and north. all but one of 14 provinces are
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caught by flash floods. making it hard to support. government temperatures provide homes, tens of thousands ever people have been displaced. 500,000 crops and live stocks have been suspected. the military flew in aid, helping some of those needing assistance. the myanmar president visited some evacuees in the north-west. it's monsoon season and people expect some rain. it's been heavy and is expected to continue. the sheer number of people affected is overwhelming. aid groups warn there are people in parts of the country who they have not reached yet still to come - six years in the making. egypt's president and secretary of state john kerry have long accepted talks the kindness of strangers.
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a story of hope from nepal, 100 days after the devastating earthquake there and in sport - why rafael nadal was happy in hamburg. lee will have more of that and the rest of sport an egyptian court postponed the verdict in the retrial of three al jazeera journalists, the second time it has happened. it's been delayed until august 29th. mohamed fadel fahmy and mohammed badr are on bail in egypt. peter greste is in australia, retried in his absence. all three were accused of assisting the banned muslim brotherhood, and spreading falls news. this is what he had to say, after hearing news of the postponement. >> the lives of no one involved in this can move on until we get the verdict. everything hinges on that day.
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for me obviously, it defines how my life works what my career is. particularly for mohammed badr and mohamed fadel fahmy, on that day after the verdict, they walk away as free men or go back into prison, that makes it impossible for anyone to look beyond that point. it really defines everything, to be in a position where you say goodbye to your wife and kids as mohammed badr did earlier today, not knowing if you would go back and see them at the end of the day or whether you would go back into prison, that makes it a tough way to live. to have another adjournment, i think, is difficult. i was talking to them on skype as we watched it, and for them too, the whole family, i guess, it's tough, as i said, everyone is built up to this moment. it's been a long fight, and it's been a fight engaging everyone, everyone's energy, it's sucked out all of the time that anyone in the family has had over the past 18 months.
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and so we all thought it would be over today. we all thought that we would know what the situation was, and at least be able to plan and move on with our lives. it has not happened. again, the delay is difficult for us all. our colleague peter greste is there the relationship between cairo and the u.s. has been strained for a number of years and for a number of reasons, tom ackerman has more. >> reporter: egypt used to be a close ally. the overthrow cast a shadow over ties. this meeting to discuss that relationship was the first in five years. the foreign minister highlighted the common strategic aims of the two countries, the secretary of state said the u.s. could not overlook concerns over human rights with president abdul fatah al-sisi. >> israel has good reason to
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ensure that the fundamental rights of citizens are protected, that vital principles such as due process and freedom of press, association, are cherished, and women are empowered. >> he told reporters that the gaoling of egyptian journalists had been subject to proper court rulings. >> none of these journalists are held on the basis of any expression that they have made or in relation to is to their profession as journalists in a recent report are, the state department accused the egyptian department of: while such abuses have been legal grounds to superintendent u.s. military aid, the obama administration with support from u.s. congress resumed pt
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programs. days before kerry's arriving in cairo, eight f-16 fighter jets were delivered to the air force, following the receipt of several fast missile votes and an earlier shipment of apache helicopters. the nuclear deal reached with iran would prevent the region entering an arms race. >> translation: fully implemented it will make egypt and all the countries of this region safer than they otherwise would be or where. >> reporter: if egypt is uneasy with the nuclear deal it's not expressing so publicly. on kerry's next stop meeting with the gulf cooperation council in doha he'll calm their fears with reassurances of more american military support for iran's arab neighbours. from egypt, john kerry moved to qatar where the gulf cooperation council is meeting. al jazeera's hashem ahelbarra is
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in the capital and sent us this from doha. >> reporter: this is quite a delicate moment for the gulf countries, in the meeting with the u.s. secretary of state john kerry, just as the officials voice their concerns with the deal they are worried iran may foster ties with the u.s. here lies the problems. countries like saudi arabia u.a.e. and bahrain, accuse iran of using power to support others in the region. shia militia said in iraq. officials warn they'll do what is takes to match iran's nuclear capabilities. secretary of state john kerry is not the only one in doha russia's foreign minister sergey lavrov is here.
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relations have been strained because of syria. the gulf countries support the syria opposition and russia is a backer of the syrian president bashar al-assad, along with iran. analysts say that the presence of sergey lavrov here in doha could be a sign that ending syria's long-running civil war will require the consensus of all sides. earlier in tehran president hassan rouhani said iran has never sought to make nuclear bombs. >> translation: if the opposite side things it has succeeded, let them think that way. we know we have never been after nuclear bombs, and never will be now, something that may not have crossed the mainstream radar with regard to what is happening in iran but the government is cutting subsidies it's giving to many citizens since sanctions came in subsidies to make their lives
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easier. >> let's talk in new york to the iranian-american journalist. tell me a little about the subsidies. what is the history? what are they there for? >> sure so the subsidies are something that the iranian government or economy has inherited mostly from the iran-iraq war in the '80s. there's huge government budgeting spent on fuel subsidies, some food subsidies, medical subsidies and, you know the basic staple needs of the society. but the subsidy reforms, which has been rolled out a few years ago by the previous administration president mahmoud ahmadinejad is supposed to cut back on the overt spending of the government budget for the society and refocus and target the subsidies at the more needy class, and use the remaining of the budget that the government has been sending
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sending $15 to pretty much every citizen, meaning even the most wealthy were getting it. in cutting it to certain sections of society, will it be those that will be hurt by losing this money? >> exactly. this was the problem with how the cutting of the subsidies, or the targeted subsidy reform had, was the government cut the subsidies, but gave out cash to everyone like you said. the new administration has been trying to adjust the subsidy programme, and cut the balthier portions -- wealthier portions of society out of the programme. there has been mechanisms by the government by people that believe they shouldn't be cut out of the programme, and there's assistance for appealing and getting back if you are caught out of the subsidy. but it's mostly targeted at the wealthier portions of the
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society, who the subsidy - the cash handout wouldn't have too much effect on their monthly income. >> i suppose what i'm trying to drive at - how much does this illustrate the difference between the government of mahmoud ahmadinejad, and the ft hassan rouhani what we see now. the social services minister saying cash handouts for the rights of the needy, the rest should be allocated to creating jobs providing education and developing deprived villages it seems that it's moving on in some senses from the mahmoud ahmadinejad days. >> true. this has been something that when i speak to iranians the more educated and informed class officers the economy tell me the previous administration has been trying to pollittizize the cash handout targeted at the needy portion of the society, and the wealthier portions are the ones
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getting the cash. because of the budget deficit that they have they have no choice but to cut back on a cash handout, resuming the budget and use it in a lot of places where they invest in new areas, such as medical assistance and social welfare projects. >> which have been deprived of money for a long time. tell me a little about how this illustrates the hopes that many iranians will have not just about the social side of the programme, but about the new relationship it may have with america, and with the larger western community. >> so david, the subsidy programme is very domestic policy as far as the economy goes and it's just a readjusting that the government is doing. when i speak to iranians in
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iran on the ground there's a more sense of trust towards the new government as opposed to the previous government as far as economic policies so everyone is still waiting. the government is up for a test to see how they'll be using the now budget that will be - that the government will receive from the cutting of the subsidies, or the money that the iranian money will receive from the lifting of sanctions from assets in foreign banks. the general sense i get from the society is there's trust from the new government and people have a more hopeful overview of how the future will look. but we still have to wait and see how the hassan rouhani government will end up doing it. >> good hearing from you. talking to us from new york but about event and conditions in iran. thank you still ahead on the newshour. it is a quarter of a century since iraq invaded kuwait.
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we meet the people living with the legacy of the conflict what is known to some as the unreported holocaust. we are in hungary as we remember the murder of mass roma people in world war ii running for his country, how this athlete will be able to represent south sudan at the olympics. olympics.
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>> growing up fast. >> my quest is to find me and me is not here. >> fighting for a better future. >> if you don't go to college you're gonna end up dead on the streets. >> life changing moments. >> i had never been bullied, everyone hates me. >> from oscar winning director alex gibney. >> shut the cam --. >> a hard hitting look at the real issues facing american teens. the incredible journey continues.
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these are the top stories on the newshour. turkey's military denying allegations that air strikes against the p.k.k. targets have hit civilians the president of iraq's kurdish regions accused ankara of killing civilians in air raids in the north of iraq fighters in yemen, loyal to abd-rabbu mansour hadi have been marching on a town. there has been silence in the city of aden which was retaken from houthi rebels two weeks ago. britain and france calling on e.u. communities dealing with
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migrant crisis. here we see another 200 migrants trying to get into the channel tunnel police sponding with chemical -- responding with chemical irtants 16-year-old girls died while being stabbed, marching in a gay pride parade. she was among six attacked by an orthodox jewish man on thursday. in response israel's council secured the use of administrative detention, allowing authorities to hold detainees for months without trial a vigil held for a baby killed in an arson attack in the west bank on friday. the 4-year-old brother and parents are in a critical condition in hospital. stephanie dekker has more as
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anger grows following the attacks. >> the israeli prime minister binyamin netanyahu addressed the cabinet where his language was strong in response to attacks carried out by jewish extremists saying israel has a zero tolerance policy when it comes to despicable crimes. thousands turn out to protest against incitement and violence. an opposition leader said terrorists are terrorists period whether muslim or jewish. binyamin netanyahu vowed to find the killers of baby ali, and bring them and the orthodox man that stabbed six people at the gay pride parade to justice. >> translation: we are determined to fight vehemently against hatred terrorism from any quarters. the fight unights us all. it's not one camp or another, it's a matter of basic humanity a guiding light for us.
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>> reporter: the palestinians say even though the language out of israel is strong facts on the ground is a different story, saying the arson attack in the west bank is a by-product of settlement expansion. unless the cause is addressed and stopped, crimes like these will happen again. >> stephanie dekker reporting. it is 100 days since an earthquake devastated liverpool, killing 9,000 people. at the time an al jazeera team met reshma an 11-year-old girl that lost her brother and mother when a building collapse said. we travel to a district in nepal to see how reshma and family is coping. >> reporter: this is 11-year-old reshma's routine. getting her hair and clothes ready for school, with the help
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of her cousin. this is not reshma's home. after the earthquake in april she stood with her grandparents and other relatives, waiting for her mother and infant brother to be dug out of their building. a chinese rescue team found their bodies three days later, huddled together their death devastated the family, her father inconsolable at times, took to drinking alcohol. reshma was left motherless without a home for school. -- or school. an al jazeera saw the story and offered to sponsor her education. now she leaves with her relatives and goes to school an hour away from her village and away from the scene of so much tragedy. after the morning assembly, she goes to her new class. sitting with her new classmates
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she adjusted quickly to new surroundings and life. >> sometimes she misses her family. that's the main thing. >> reporter: reshma and her family know this is better. being here gives her a chance many others don't have, an escape from the devastation the earthquake did to her family and home. if she was back there life would be different right now. these are the ruins of her house, not far from her old school, which is condemned. her family lives her, in this makeshift hut made of sheet metal donated bit the government -- by the government and held up by wood from their own home. outside reshma's father sits, contemplating what to do next. he's received help for his drinking problem, but needs more help to reinstruct his home. -- reconstruct his home. until then, this is what the family calls home, cramped with
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dirt floors and only the most basic necessities - at least it keeps the rain out. the walls are strewn with memories of happiest times. reshma's grandmother misses her, but is happy that reshma is away from all this . >> translation: she visits occasionally and makes me laugh. one has to move on. i feel my son should remarry, since my grand-daughter is away at school. i can't help crying all the time. >> on another morning, last-minute homework is accompanied by a monthly visit from her father. what the earthquake took 100 days ago rks it left their family with an uncertain future. a future that at least now looks a little brighter yes, some hope out of devastation of events in nepal. now to events in africa and leading general has been killed in a rocket attack in burundi's
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capital bujumbura. the general, a former intelligence chief and close ally of pierre nkurunziza - his death following months of violence over the president's re-election. >> one united nations peacekeeper has been killed during fighting in the capital of the central african republic. soldiers from the u.n. peacekeeping mission faced armed fighters in the northern district of bangui. attacks have gone down after two years of sectarian violence. the car's transitional authority is planning elections for october canada's going to hold parliamentary elections on october 19th. polls suggesting that stephen harper's conservative government may lose his majority. announcing the election it was proposed that the parties fund their own campaigns.
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opposition parties think this is abusing the system as the conservatives can afford the 11 weeks of campaigning that there's going to be. >> i met with his excellency the governor and he agreed to my request that parliament be resolved. in accordance with a commitment the next general election will be held as prescribed by law. it is my intention to begin activities, and it's important that the campaigns be funded by the parties themselves rather than the taxpayers. >> who remembers the scenes these pictures. quarter of a century ago, yes, 25 years, hard to believe in many ways since the invasion of kuwait by iraq. saddam hussein sent his troops into the oil-rich neighbour accusing its neighbour of forcing prices down a conflict many are trying to come to terms
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with as imran khan reports. >> reporter: iraqi forces enter kuwait in the early hours of the morning, forcing half the kuwaiti population to see. some 400 people on the move. the united nations passed 12 resolutions demanding iraq leave kuwait. the occupation of kuwait lasted 7 months and by mid january, a coalition launched by the u.s. launched operation storm, the moment many say was the beginning of a long end to saddam hussein and his government. iraqis living in kuwait had to fleet, including this man and his family. >> there was none border left. when the bombardment started, the most important thing for us was to go back to safety. my children were young. i drove the car from kuwait to iraq. since that invasion iraq had a turbulent history, years of
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sanction between 1991 and 2003, followed by the u.s. invasion and occupation. a civil war between 2006 and 2008, and i.s.i.l. fighters taking over a third of the country. this man mourns the state of his country. >> life in iraq is a living mel. kuwait was better for us. no one bothered you there. and we keep our doors open due to security. >> it's a sentiment occupied by others that fled. >> when i returneded to iraq i was 12. i found a lifestyle gap between iraq and kuwait. i was shocked. the situation is deteriorating after all these years. in kuwait it's stable. >> in kuwait they remember the sacrifices of those that die. look across the border they hope the violence doesn't spillover into their country. >> this sunday marking the
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anniversary of the mass murder of roma people by the nazis during world war ii. the killing of half a million has been described by some as the unreported holocaust. there are european countries that acknowledge the massacre. >> >> reporter: the quiet well kept little town in hungary, you wouldn't know a thing about the secrets the place hides. off the main street the roads are unpaved, for this is the roma part of town. during the war, this person's father was taken from here. he did hard labour as a boy of 14. her mum was nearly shot and killed on a trip to the shops. she eventually spoke a little about what happened to other family members. >> translation: my mum's grandmother was taken by the local police. the roma were digging their own graves. they were shot and put in them.
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she tried to escape, but was caught, and they shot her too. >> reporter: her son agonizes should he tell his kids what he knows. it's important but so shocking. >> translation: it's hard to explain to the kids my grandmother told me about a beautiful roma woman who smeared excrement on herself so they wouldn't rape her. it was hard nor my grandparents. >> reporter: the mass killings of the roma were described as a unreported holocaust. now it appears that it may be worse than those in central europe are prepared to cannot. these historians said they are collecting evidence that the murders may be four times more than thought, finding nine hundred locations where the roma were taken. no one knew, because the roma were never allowed to talk about it. >> translation: one thing did
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not happen even after the war. the roma couldn't feel free. they remained a persecute group. they were oppressed. culture and language were forbidden. racism and white supremecism was there. >> nor has hungry made much attempt to recognise its part in the association with nazism. this camp is where the roma were taken to, to die here or be put on the railway line to auschwitz. other places may have turned this into a museum. here it's been left to rot. up the road, this man, the only roma mayor of a hungarian town, despairs at the way the great devouring of roma is airbrushed out of schools. >> young people i speak to don't know of it. they connect the holocaust with the jews and don't think it happened to roma people. i'm a history teacher, i tell my pupils, but it's not mentioned in the group. >> after years, they had a memorial. shaped as a black triangle they
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were forced to wear on clothes in the camp. some threw yoghurt all over it, someone else took a hammer to its side. they are europe's most persecuted group and have neither the means nor the opportunity to write their own history still to come on the newshour - could this revered waterway bring together israel jordan and the palestinians? and how this female golfer sealed a career grand slam - that and the rest of the sport, and lee too. lee too.
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al jazeera america gives you the total news experience anytime, anywhere.
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more on every screen. digital, mobile, social. visit aljazeera.com. follow @ajam on twitter. and like aljazeera america on facebook for more stories, more access, more conversations. so you don't just stay on top of the news, go deeper and get more perspectives on every issue. al jazeera america. it doesn't look much does it, but we are talking about the jordan river, running between israel the occupied west bank and the state of jordan huge religious importance where the bible said jesus christ was baptised. the river, as you can see, or may be able to tell is badly polluted and is at risk of drying up. from the banks of the jordan taiz reports.
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>> reporter: holding hands in prayer at one of christianities most important sites. for years pilgrims waded into the jordan river from the east and west to connect with a core event and their faith, the baptism of jesus crist. israel that occupies the palestinian side of the section of the river, and jordan competed for tourism dollars. u.n.e.s.c.o. weighed in on the rivalry, designating jordan's area as the site where jesus is believed to have been baptized. >> the fact that jesus walked here is astonishing. >> reporter: the jordan river has significance for judaism and to some degree islam. which is why there is growing concerns about the river's deteriorating environment. the significance of the jordan river is indisputable. that can't be said for the rest
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of the region. in a rare show of cooperation, israel jordan and the palestinians are working together to try to save it. >> reporter: the 251km river forms a natural border between israel israeli occupied palestine, syria and jordan. al jazeera was given rare access to a military buffer zone where the impact and water diversion by the surrounding countries is clear to see. over the past 50 years alone, the jordan river shrunk by around 90%. at a recent conference israel jordan and the palestinians signed an agreement to rehabilitate the river by 2050. >> we invited all the politicians and decision makers from the three countries, and saw that there was political will. >> that political will ensures that none of the projects strengthen the hold on sections of the jordan valley. the palestinians want it as part
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of their future state. >> peace building depends on the issues. that's my view. this would be the help of three countries sharing this part from the gallery to the sea. >> reporter: one river, three faiths and a commitment from neighbours with complexed relationships to preserve their shared history in future generations you're watching the newshour and lee wellings. >> thank you. the world anti-doping agency described allegations of widespread drug use in athletics as disturbing and we'll ask an independent body no investigate. leaked blood results indicated a third of winners over the period of a decade could have been down to doping. >> reporter: it's a sport that
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is no stranger to controversy. that allegations of drug use may be the most alarming yet. tests done by the i a.a. f indicate the blood samples of a third of athletes at major events are suspicious. >> these are wide allegations we'll have to check it out. we'll have it done by the commission as quickly as possible. >> >> reporter: german broadcaster and the sunday times newspaper obtained the results of 12,000 blood tests from athletes from 2001 to 2012. differs found 8,000 athletes had results that would be considered suspicious. 146 medals, 55 golds, at the olympics and world championships were won by athletes understand question. >> this is athlete personal
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data and, really the manner of it coming into the public domain should concern every athlete that nose their data is stored by anti-doping organizations across the world. >> the investigation reported no irregular tests involving the sports biggest name usain bolt. >> last month he expressed prust ration at an inability to move from scandal. >> it upsets me because everyone points fingers and speculates. it doesn't help the sport in any way. >> the i.a.a.f. president will leave his post on august 19th, after 16 years in charge. to be replaced by london 2012 chairman sebastian co- or pole vault champion sergey booub ka who spoke to al jazeera in february. >> we must continue to educate. to educate athletes and parents,
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and work hard. it will be strong and serious policy to clean sport, to clean athletics, and not accept cheaters the question is whether change at the top of the podium will be enough to prompt change in a sport struggling to salvage its credibility. athletes will face more spotlight than after at the world championships in beijing, in three weeks time well the report includes many claims against athletes from kenya, a country facing allegations of over distant runners. there's claims of corruption within the athletics body. athletics kenya issued a response threatening legal action, and said:
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that's in the world championships coming up positive news affecting athletics, south sudan will be able to compete under their own flag for the first time at re- , the international -- rio. the international committee gave them permission. it means their marathon runner will represent south sudan in brazil. in 2012 he ran at the london games under an olympic mr flag as an independent athlete. >> it's a dream come true. 2012 i went there, i ran under the i.o.c. but my heart was with the south sudan people. and for now, to be able to get this opportunity is very emotional, and emotional and i am sure south sudan all across the country are happy, and nothing will be better than to go to the 2016. this is amazing
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south sudan gained independence in 2011, but has faced civil war for the past two years. it reached the criteria for i.o.c. by reporting five sporting federations approved by international bodies. distance running has been the best sport and they are expected to send a small team to rio next year. rafael nadal suspended and won a final of the hamburg open. he has struggled to find his forms, and slipped down to 10 in the world rankings. it was not easy rafael nadal winning by 7-5, but was kept on court for two hours and 34 minutes. it's the spaniard's 67th career title. >> i was deciding to play here
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after tough wimbledon. it was, you know we come here and play. premier league champions chelsea have been beaten by f.a. cup winners ars nam, in the opening match of the season. the community shield at wembley. english international has the only goal of the match. feeling victory against a club that sold him in the summer and he went over jose mourinho in 14 attempts. the incredible korean golfer completed a career grand slam by winning the women's british open. shooting a final round of 65 to take victory by three shots, and another major title. her seventh in total. that spoiled the dream ending for her young fellow korean coin n yun, joint leader in her first
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links tournament. she'll have to wait for her first title. >> yes, it's great to you know when a grand slam - this is something that i have been dreaming of and something that i have been - it was my biggest goal in my career and finally to do it is great. >> what a golfer she is that's for me. >> this is heart warm in hong kong two daughters donated part of their conditions. as rob mcbride explains it's a medical first, using a new exciting technique. thankful to be alive, the patient is surrounded by the daughters who saved his life. on their own, their livers were too small. together by each donating a half they were able to give their father a new one. >> i was in despair, my liver was too small.
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my sister agreed to return home from overseas. she was my only hope. >> double donations are rare. what surgeons did was to join two halves of a liver before giving it to the patient. >> we are literally implanting ha liver into the recipients body, that saves a lot of time. it's a breakthrough for a team that achieves medical landmarks and liver transplants from liver donors. >> the prevalence from hepatitis b means that liver failure is a problem, compounded by a reluctance in chinese society to donate organs meaning that hong kong is a world leader in living organ transplantation. the family at the center of this first, thankful for a successful operation. fantastic. that is it from me in the newshour capacity from the team
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thank you for watching. i'll be back in a couple of minutes. of minutes.
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[ ♪♪ ] tonight in our debate, the u.s. public education system is failing millions american students' performance in tests is meade ochre. is it a lost cause, can it be fixed. in the panel. president obama is back from an african trip where he was treated like a native son. the numbers suggest george w. bush did more for the continent. who was better for africa. much of

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