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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 19, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm EDT

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>> yemen's children living with war and starvation. the humanitarian chief accuses the warring sides of disorderi disregarding human life. >> hello, i'm maryam nemazee. you're watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up. eight soldiers are killed in an roadside explosion in turkey, and attackers in istanbul. isil behead a leading archaeologists who spent half his life caring for the ancient city of pal myra.
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a prisoner ends his horn strike after israel suspends his detention. >> the united nations security council members have just been briefed about the full scale of the horror in yemen. speaking after visiting the country emergency relief chief stephen o'brien said that the suffering there is almost incomprehensivible. this is as unicef say that children are dying every day, and those who survive live in constant fear. it says since the war escalated in march, 398 children have died, and 605 have been injured. meanwhile the report from amnesty international said that the conflict has gone too far. all sides could be held responsible for war crimes. gabriel elizondo has more for us from the united nations. >> stephen o'brien back from yemen where he visited several cities to get a better sense of
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on the rebound. how bad the humanitarian situation is there. for the security council he briefed them and painted a dark and gloomy picture of a deteriorating situation in yemen. he gave example. he said that he visited a hospital where the lights were flickering because there was not enough fuel to power generators. he said that there were people who were having to sleep on the floors of the hospital, and several hospitals have shortages of criminal medical supplies. he said getting aid into the country is increasingly difficult, and he pointed to airstrikes at the port as an example of the problems and the hurdles that the u.n. is trying to overcome getting aid into the country. there are shortages of almost everything right now in yemen, and innocent civilians are the ones suffering the most. >> i have just returned from yemen where the scale of human suffering is almost incomprehensible. i was shocked by what i saw.
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the civilian population is bearing the brunt of the conflict. a shocking four out of five yemenis require humanitarian assistance and 1.5 million people are internally displaced. more than 1,000 children have been killed or injured, and the 23,478 of young people recruited or used as fighters is increasing. >> o'brien also told the security council that there is a money problem as well. he said that the u.n. is only received about 282 million of the nearly $1.6 billion they say they need to fund the humanitarian relief effort in yemen. that's only 18%. he also reminded the security council in his view there is no military solution to the conflict in yemen. he said that this is a conflict that can only be solved through a dialogue of words and not weapons. >> well, children are also going hungry with 1.8 million an who
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are expected to suffer malnutrition. gerald tan has our report. >> once a playground, these streets are now a battleground. for the children of yemen, many have been forced to grow up quickly. >> my sisters and i get so frightened when we hear the bullets. we're afraid we'll die. >> i'm frightened when i hear warplanes. i can't sleep. i'm afraid that the war will expand, a and i'll lose friends in this war. >> the statistics support their fears. on average three children are killed in the battles every day, five more are wounded, and many are maimed for life. >> these deaths are unnecessary. the vast majority of people in yemen have nothing to do with this. they won't have anything to do
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with that. they want to go about their lives, educate their children, see their children grow up. they're suffering unnecessarily. >> it's not just about direct attacks. even before the conflict, access to food and water in this improve relinquished country was difficult. that situation is far more dire now. [ baby crying ] >> children who don't have enough to eat are turning up in hospitals. nearly 2 million expected to suffer from malnutrition this year. the u.n.'s world food program estimates one in every five yemenis is severely food insecure. >> between the lack of availability of food, the lack of access by humanitarians to the vulnerable populations, the lack of access by those who can't buy food. the lack of fuel to allow people to move around countries to mill grain when it comes in, and the lack of clean water, a perfect
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storm that is brewing inside yemen right now. >> every facet of life in yemen has been disrupted. markets with limited food, hospitals, strained to the limit. schools unable to stay open. the concern is that children will continue to bear the brunt of this war long after the fighting is over. gerald tan, al jazeera. >> now, turkey's president obama said that the country is moving swiftly towards early elections. prime minister and his party has failed to form a working government after losing a parliamentary majority in june elections. president erdogan could give the mandate to form a new government to another party, but he hinted he won't do that. this is all happening against
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the backdrop of increased violence in turkey. explosions as vehicles drove through sirte. there was an explosion outside of the palace in istanbul. bernard smith reports. >> the eight soldiers killed in southern turkey were in a vehicle that rolled over, drove over a roadside bomb that the security services said were detonated remotely, and they're blaming fighters from the separatist kurdistan workers party, the pkk. there were other soldiers on that vehicle what were wounded. this afternoon in istanbul some shots were fired. tourist attractions. one police officer was slightly wounded in that attack. no one yet claiming responsibility for it. all of that coming as turkey heads to a second election within six months. the ruling party failed to for a find the coalition partner.
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so now president erdogan is set to call those new elections. they're likely at some time in october or end of november. until then an election government will be formed, a sort of caretaker government. that will be made up of all the parties represented in parliament at the moment. until the first time the akp will have to do what it has been trying to do to avoid what has been trying to do, that is to share power. the secular opposition will also get ministerial positions as well as the right wing matter the mhp. they're likely to have a fractious government in turkey. those parties are all ideologically opposed on many policies, unlikely they're going to be able to agree upon at a time when turkey is facing security threats on its border with syria and it says from the pkk as well, a time when turkey might need a stable government.
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>> at least ten kurdish fighters have been killed in a suicide attack in syria. a car bomber targeted the kurdish headquarters in the northeastern city. kurdish forces have been some of the most successful at fighting isil, which has seized control of large parts of syria and iraq. well, in other developments a leading archaeologists leading at the ancient city of palmyra has been beheaded by fighters from isil. the 82-year-old khaled assad was captured at the world heritage site. >> for half a further khaled assad was an architect at the palmyra unions. it is here that that it is believed he was beheaded by the islamic state in iraq and the levant. before the syrian conflict, the ancient buildings and amphitheater would draw tourists from around the world.
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khaled assad would oversee the relics in the site. >> he would live there and die there if need be, and he did pay the ultimate price. >> in better days assad showed foreign dignitaries around the site, including the former french president, but then the war came to pa palmyra. fighting peppered the ancient buildings with bullet holes. after capturing the site from government forces isil arrived. khaled assad stayed in palmyra to remove the museum's valuable contents but was captured and reportedly interrogated. sledge hammers and power drills
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have been used to ruin priceless artifacts. some pieces super smuggled out of the conflict zone but it's not known how much damage they caused in palmyra. it is believed that they would sell some to finance the pai campaign. the human cost is clear. this shows 25 men in a packed amphitheater before their apparent execution. and now the beheading of khaled assad a renown archaeologists who devoted his life to palmyra and the crossroads of civiizatis ofization civilizations. >> new allegations b of rape by th the minuska mission.
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>> three women mr. allegedly raped in a town 350 kilometers from the capital of bangui. we know the rapes were reported by their families to the mission on the very same day that ban ki-moon, the secretary general of the united nations fired the head of minusca, and he did so when he fired this head of the mission, ban ki-moon was citing instances of peace keepers killing unarmed civilians, allegedly, and allegedly raping a 12-year-old girl. the latest allegations after a string of allegations in the last year, some 60 total that
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have been leveled at u.n. peace keepers in the central african republic. so clearly a troubled mission. this latest innocent we don't have a lot of information, but have a listen to what the spokesperson from the secretary general said just a few hours ago. >> on the central african republic, the u.n. mission said that a new series of disturbing allegations of misconduct has recently come to light. the events allegedly took place in recent weeks. these new allegations concern a report that three young females were raped by three members of the minusca military contingent. it was reported to the mission's human rights division on the 12th of august. >> now the united nations isn't saying which country the peace keepers allegedly involved in this incident are from. there are some 19,000 soldiers and police officers from 45 different countries serving in the central african republic at this time. but after the u.n.'s rules the
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country that the peace keepers come from is responsible for initiating an investigation, and handling any criminal proceedings. the u.n. is saying that they will give the country ten days to initiate an investigation, and if that doesn't happen the u.n. is going to step in because clearly the u.n. feels that it must address what has become a very embarrassing problem for the international body. >> still to come for you on al jazeera, hundreds of refugees have moved on from the greek island of kos after making desperate journeys to reach europe. evidence that suggests russian authorities are hiding the true scale of an oil spill in siberia.
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>> welcome back. let's take you to the top stories that we're following. the u.n.'s emergency relief coordinators say that the scale of need in yemen is incomprehensible. turkey's president said that the country is moving swiftly towards early elections that follows the failure of the party after losing it's majority in the june elections. and isil fighters have beheaded a leading archeologist in syria. 82-year-old khaled assad has spent half of his life looking after the ancient city of palmyra. he had been abducted in may. well, in other news thousands of syrians are continuing to leave their country in hope of starting over in europe. many are entering the e.u. by
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crossing from turkey to greece. the route it most to popular but it is also dangerous. on tuesday six syrian refugees drowned when their boat overturned. and on monday dozens rescued after being stranded on a nearby island. on another boat to the mainland it is a bus journey to mass dean i can't. this has become a regular site where people wait to board trains going in to mass dean i can't. once across the border another train takes them further north. the red cross estimates as many as 2,000 people crowd this train station every single day. our correspondent jonah hull has more on the refugees' desperate journeys. >> an early morning ask you by the greek coast guard. many others do make it across. this is a family of refugee who
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is do make it to the shores of kos, an island in the european union. >> did you pay somebody to give though boat. >> yes, $1,000 per person. >> 500 for children. >> the shoreline is littered with the recommend nance of overnight arrivals. it is a fairly short but sometimes perilous crossing from turkey. six people, including a child, were confirmed having drowned when their dinghy overturned. a witness saw up to 350 people, syrians, he believes clamored off and disappeared down the beach. a boat like this represents the business class end, if you like. it's fast, reliable and relatively safe. it's estimated those on board would have paid $2,000 a head to
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make this journey. this is the sort of budget airline equivalent, a flimsy black dinghy powered by a cheap battery operated motor that often fails. >> using such a vessel these pakistanis were lucky to survive. >> we rowed that ship, and at this time three of us, we rowed that ship, three of us out to the see. >> so the boat was drifting, and then the coast guard-- >> it was drifting. >> and they came to rescue them all of them. >> the coast guard returns to port not for the first time this morning, heavily ladened one again, and it won't be the last. jonah hull, al jazeera, on the island of kos. >> palestinian hunger striker
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has ended his protest. israel suspended his detention while he received medical treatment. he has been held since november and has not eaten for 65 days. he denies allegations that he's affiliated with islamic jihad. there are reports that he had suffered brain damage. we're in jerusalem to file this update. >> the legal basis behind the release from administrative detention really has to do with his health. the judges effectively decided because his health is so poor after being on a hunger strike for 65 days, that he no longer posed a threat. and therefore, they could suspend his administrative detention. what that effectively does is leave the door wide open for him to be put back in administrative detention if his health has improved enough to make him viewed as a threat in the eyes of the israeli authorities.
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his hunger strike has put into sharp focus the israeli law passed which allows for the force feeding of people on hunger strike. this is a deeply controversial law. a law that israeli doctors have refused to follow through with, saying that they will not force fee feed hunger strikers. the reason why this law is controversial, not only because of the force feeding, but it cuts off the prisoners only form of non-violent protest. in the background we have the substantive issue of administrative detention, effectively, the imprisoning of people without charge for up to six month, renewable every six months indefinitely. something that has been criticized by legal agencies here in israel, and, indeed, around the world. but that over 400 palestinians still find themselves in.
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>> russian authorities have been accused of covering up the scale of an oil spill in siberia in june. environmentalists say that the government has vastly under r reported how much oil leaked. but the oil companies have accused them of exaggerating. our correspondent rory khallands investigates. >> as any detective will tell you the work is often far from glamorous. no detective in the true sense, she's an environmental activist for greenpeace. she's on the hunt for evidence, and she's finding it. they have not been particularly thorough. >> they're bringing in fresh soil and just cover the oil spill with the fresh soil. >> the oil slick spread out across the flood plain.
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>> they announced that they spilled 450 kilos of oil. you can see all over the traces of oil all over, and even on that bank over there. on the other side of the river. we see that 450 kilos cannot pollute such a great--such a big area. >> as the oil spread across the landscape, residents started posting pictures of blackwater gashing from their taps, and animals coated in crude. a month and a half later they're still tallying up the damage. >> we lost everything that was here. potatoes, carrots, onions. we were promised they would replace the soil, but what about the food? there is a winter to get through. >> we just don't know how bad this spill is compared to other russian spills because the data just isn't pushed. not the amount of oil that is
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leaked nor the amount of land that is polluted. the only data we have is the number of pipeline ruptures. 12,000 in 2013, that's an average of 32 every day. russia's environmental watchdog has moved to investigate this leak. and several executives at the local subsidiary have state oil have lost their jobs. but the root of the problem is russia's aging oil infrastructure, modern eyeing is costly. every year millions of tons of crude are spilled largely unpunished, and fines, if they are ever given, are small. >> the scale of this incident was blown out of all proportion by environmental organizations, which we know pursue aims because they make business out of it. they play on human emotions. all oil companies have to deal with it because oil companies are considered to be rich.
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>> the cleanup work goes on, but these diggers removing boons are all that we can see. rory challands, al jazeera, russia. >> now malaysia's currency is one of the worst performing in the asia pacific region. over the past year the russian ingot. >> thingot. >> the machine parts are 20% more extensive and are effecting profit margins. >> steve set up the plant ten years ago and is rethinking
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expansion plans. >> due to the currency rate, so maybe we won't expand too fast. expand will be slow. >> cutting costs also means hiring fewer people with skills from home and abroad. economists are already evaluating the impact of malaysia's following currency, the ringgit. >> malaysians, may want to take the capital from here. the capital will have drastic consequences on the economy. >> they lean on developing of oil, the currency has lost 12% of its value against the u.s. dollar in the last 12 months. the governor of the central bank of malaysia has ruled out taking the ringgit against any other currency. >> i want to categorically
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emphasize that we don't expect to peg the currency. the fact that we have a flexible exchange rate regime helps our country to adapt. if it doesn't adjust, then prices and demand have too. >> the recent addition of a new goods and services tax implement the last april is worrying malaysians about the rise in the cost of living. >> i don't get paid a lot. as you know we have to spend more and save less. >> the currency woes are beyond the government's control. a potential u.s. interest rate rise and 700 million scandal involving the malaysian prime minister are putting pressure on the currency itself. economists are saying that it is time to worry but not panic, and let's see how the government reacts. al jazeera, kuala lumpur.
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>> now, treasure hunters in the state of florida have discovered a trove of spanish gold coins worth $4.5 million. [ cheering ] >> divers brought the 350 coins to the surface three furthers to the day after the ships they were on sank during a hurricane. nine of the coins are very rare known as royal eight, and only 20 such counties were known to consist before the fine. the treasure hunter builds kitchens for a living and said he didn't do it for the money. florida state will take 20% of the booty all the same. the japanese rocket on its way to the international space station in attempt to take supplies to the six-man crew. >> two, three, one. thengines igniting.
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>> lifts off from southern japan after a delay of bad weather. the eight-man craft is scheduled to reach the space station on monday. for more on everything we're covering. this is where you need to go, asked to sacrifice more they're asked to treat their sport as a year-round endeavor. so the demands on them are so intense that it has put them in a situation where it's like a fight or die situation. >> players earn no pay other than a scholarship to attend class.