venezuela brings down the hammer on undocumented immigrants. artificial intelligence? >> the president pays a premium for getting unvarnished intelligence from the community. >> the art of love. >> it's time for afghanistan and for the world, to contribute something else to the war. >> painting with a broad brush to heal a nation. good evening i'm antonio mora, this is al jazeera america. we begin in europe, where a desperate campaign is underway to stem the number of refugees. southern european countries including greece italy and
macedonia who are bearing the brunt of the immigrant crisis and people are dying. today rescue ships discovered at least 55 bodies on overcrowded migrant boats on the mediterranean. hungarian police are manning the border. andrew simmons is at that border with the latest. >> unrest at the european union border. u.n. help they're chanting. it was short-lived but with record numbers now crossing into hungary and the buildup of security forces there are fears of violence here. police are trying to play down the crisis. >> translator: what happened was that there was a small conflict that erupted and several people tried to approach
fence. then the police tried ostop them and they used tear gas but there wasn't any injuries. >> a large fence are is put up on the border, but some are getting through where there's only razor wire. hungary's right wing government is taking a tougher line. 2,000 police are sent to the border to reinforce it. and next week the government will vote on whether to deploy the army here. 3,000 people a day are boarding buses bound for hungarian border. refugees say theye they are tred better in serbia than in greece or macedonia. some of the last transit points before the eu border, this woman fled from tremendous violence in
aleppo but she is holding off, because she is worried. >> we're worried about hungary, not in turkey, grease, macedonia, but in hungary, why do that? i can't understand. as politicians prepare for a west balkan summit to discuss the worst refugee crisis since world war ii. andrew simmons on the hungary serbia border. >> angela merkel will meet with other eu leaders to discuss the refugee crisis. today she called on germany to take a stance against intolerance of immigrants. she visited a refugee center, and this weekend a mob hurt bombs and tear gas.
>> treatment with humanity and the dignity of every single person who comes to us is part of our basic understanding. this is what symbolizes germany. what happened here is shameful and disgusting. that's what the mayor and the prime minister as everybody else i met here today made clear. together we will show that germany helps where help is needed and help is what's needed in reality now. >> germfully expects the number of refugees going to germany this year could reach 800,000. joining us to talk about the refugee crisis in eump i europes michel godan. more than 50 people action fiction yaitdedpeople actionfic.
>> we have to save lives. we have to strengthen efforts of search and rescue and we have to make sure that the countries where these people arrive are supported financially to set up reception facilities that allow them to be received in a more dignified manner than what we have seen in all the shots of people sleeping on the beaches and in the country side et cetera. so that's the immediate challenge. and we would like to see a much more generous response from europe in general to the -- to italy and to greece. >> i want to talk about that in a moment. but we just saw the desperation of refugees trying to get from serbia into hungary which would get them into the eu. even if hungary secures its border wouldn't refugees just go to neighboring croatia or
serbia? >> absolutely. this is a defensive response which first shows very little care for the needs of people but also will not stem the movement. people come for reasons that are important and they will find ways to bypass these mechanisms of convention. what i do think -- contention. if there were a response by european, to show solutions for the immediate crisis those countries that are responding defensively would perhaps find it a little bit easier to offer a more correct treatment for people who cross the borders or trying to cross the borders. >> right now, three countries are accepting almost all the countries, germany is taking far more than any other country, an estimated 800,000, four times what it received last year. but you're getting an aggressive
response, german chancellor angela merkel was-year-old was . when you have got countries like france and england whose antiimmigrant sentiment is really growing? >> i think that you need extremely strong leadership and mrs. merkel has shown that. i would hope that other european leaders would have the courage to confront public opinion when that public opinion is negative. and good leaders can transform public opinion. the eu is built on principles of human rights and of burden-sharing and it is in the times of crisis that you demonstrate these qualities. and the european union is tested right now. and it should respond better, in accordance with its values. >> the main cause of this is the syrian civil war but is the
exodus towards toourp motivate e motivateby, over 1 in 12 are reputedly syrian refugees, are those just going to continue? >> refugees are mostly dispersed in towns, they are not in camps. they do fight to find jobs when they can. they want to access health services. they want their kids going to school. these countries need development support, not humanitarian aid but development support. so they can give refugees who are on their territory, some hope that in the coming years their life will be dignified. >> it is good to have your insights on this crisis, thank you. as we've just mentioned
syria's neighbors have been dealing with the rchg crisis fos for year. more than 9 million syrians live where 1.9 million live. iraq has 201,000 and there are currently 132,000 in egypt. the flow of refugees is partly because of a flow of water. water shortages could cost arab countries between 300 and $400 billion. al jazeera traveled to jordan to see what is happening. >> he used to take his steady supply of water for granted up until three years ago. many refugees from neighboring syria has settled in his home town and now everyone has to share what little water resource
they have. the water authority impose a water schedule. his rooftop tanks are almost empty. >> we are living in a constant state of action it a and insomnia. we now have to worry about whether water will come out of our taps. >> when taps run dry, people purchase water from tanker trucks. the population has risen from 60,000 to 180,000. towns and cities as opposed to camps. the refugee crisis has also put pressure on facilities that provide water which were built decades ago to serve fewer people. officials say jordan has to receive aid promised 50 international community for hosting the refugees. >> translator: jordan's water resources are enough for 4 million people. now, the size of the population has reached around 10 million. this is how acute our water
shortage. our water basin levels have dropped and we are forced to dig into our wells and drain them. >> there's still a huge need. jordan is not able to provide enough water to all its citizens let alone to hundreds of thousands of refugees. although this station has increased amount of water it's pumping by almost 50%, more jordanians are facing more severe water shortages than they did before the refugees arrived. that's causing fruz traition a . >> we demand syrian living in mafrack, we never complairched about water or piled up rubbish before. >> reporter: many people say
it's only a matter of time before the main source he of water run out. this is why they say long term investments are needed to preserve the health and security of one of the most stable countries in the region. al jazeera, el mafrack. >> kurdish officials say peshmerga forces have killed 25 i.s.i.l. fighters and killed nine areas near the stiff cuc. city of kirkuk. pentagon's inspector general is reportedly investigating a claim that intelligence is being skewed to make it appear that things are actually better than they are. jamie mcintire has more from washington. >> antonio, intelligence by its very nature is ambiguous and
inconclusive. now pen pentagon's inspector gel is looking into whether some intelligence information was colored so the president's group was told what it wants to hear. the question is when president obama makes upbeat statements like this is he working off the best intelligence? the new york times reports an internal inquiry is weighing whether the intelligence presented the president was was distorted. whether the u.s. central command has been improperly reworking the conclusions of intelligence assessments to provide a more optimistic account of progress. it was flawed intelligence about the existence of weapons of mass destruction that was used to support the u.s. invasion of
iraq in 2003. no such weapons were ever found. during the vietnam war u.s. military commanders often discounted pessimistic intelligence assessments arguing for the escalation of military force. more recently u.s. central command briefers have provided optimism assessments of battling i.s.i.l. which have been quickly proven wrong. a centcom briefer, said the defense against i.s.i.l. could come in april or may of this year. it now appears a year away or less. the situation in ramadi during the a pentagon teleconference. >> we truly believe daesh is on the offensive throughout iraq and syria. occasional complex or high profile attacks in order to feed their propaganda apparatus.
>> daesh was not on the defensive it turned out in fact at that very moment, ramadi was falling. iraqi forces holding the city were being routed. pentagon says intelligence is never perfect and policy makers take that into account as they try to stay clear eyed about the progress in the war. >> i'm confident we will defeat i.s.i.l. it is hard work. it's difficult work. i think we have the right strategy. >> in arguing i.s.i.l. is losing, the pent got is quick to document the number of air strikes or the area that i.s.i.l. is losing. but there's debate about what it all means. one recent u.s. intelligence assessment concluded that after a year of bombing, i.s.i.l. was no weaker and the war was basically a stalemate. u.s. central command says it welcomes the oversight of the pent gone inspector general and notes that intelligence analysis
is a collaborative process that relies on multiple sources. the guard against the possibility that any one opinion or one report will unduly influence decision makers. antonio. >> jamie mcintire, in washington. i.s.i.l. was on the minds of russia's president vladimir putin and egyptian president abdel fatah al-sisi. the two met in moscow for the second time in three months. the kremlin hopes to have more influence in egypt. rory challands has more. >> reporter: according to vladimir putin, russia and egypt have agreed on what they call a broad intelligence front, in the region including syria to fight i.s.i.l. that's an interesting development because the saudis have said specifically there can be no future for president assad in syria.
and the saudis hold the purse strings in a large extent for egypt at the moment. they are giving egypt a lot of financial aid. so if the saudis don't like the sound of this then there's a specific pressure point that they have to change egypt's mind. we'll have to seize what happens on that. and there was talk of the gift of a warship which was donated to egypt by russia, egypt said thank you very, very much for that. >> al jazeera's rory challands in moscow. >> a peace deal is signed in south sudan, the president signed only under international pressure as the fighting continues. the mastermind behind the chodar towers. towers.
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fighting in the field. what do they watt want to want r what do they want to show us? the message is very clear. that what we are doing here is not accepted by the other side. >> the peace deal binds kiir into a power sharing agreement with machar his former deputy turned rival. machar's dismissal as vice president in july of 2013, sparked the political crisis that turned into the ongoing rebellion. the u.s. praised president kiir's agreement to sign the agreement. she said quote we must help south sudan implement the agreement to stave on famine and stand steadfast and united against those who block the path to peace and to hold accountable those who have committed
atrocities. she went on to say the u.s. stands in solidarity with the people of south sudan. the u.s. played a key role in creating the country. in 2005, u.s. diplomats hemmed, and south sudan voted to secede. in our in context segment, anna cavell filed this report. >> when the fighting started in 2013, people fled to the safety of u.n. bases in several towns. now 20 months later more than 200,000 people are still living under the protection of the u.n. what began as a sight, the violence didn't stop in the capital. it spread from town to town destroying neighborhoods and leaving tens of thousands of dead in its wake. the conflict soon took an ethnic
dimension when the tribe pitted against the dinka the tribe of the president. every area pitted by conflict has a story to tell. fighting came to her village and she was forced to run. >> translator: sometimes, my heart tells me he's alive. but sometimes, i get depressed and think negative thoughts but a lot of people told me other people have faced a worse fate than you so i stopped thinking bit and left it up to god. >> reporter: when the conflict began the army split into two factions with the former vice president riek machar announcing he was in command of the rebels. for last 20 months war in south sudan has dragged on with towns change hands constantly between government and rebel forces. even those who said they didn't support either side weren't spared the violence and attacked in the streets. >> they cut me with a type of machete. i fell down. i didn't even know what was
happening. after two or three hours i found myself in hospital. >> reporter: the united nations has been demanding both sides come to a peaceful resolution and last week, machar signed an agreement in addis ababa and the pressure has been on doir do th kiir to do the sa. they've made it very clear that this peace deal means nothing. unfortunately for the people of south sudan that could mean this war is not over. anna cavell, al jazeera, south sudan. >> machar says he's optimistic that this deal will bring peace to south sudan. >> south sudan deserve peace. the people themselves they deserve peace. and there were reasons for war.
i believe this peace agreement has addressed these reasons. if you take it chapter by chapter, the system of governance is addressed, we hope will move to a federal system. there shall also be reforms and there shall be reconstituting the army, the security. police. and also, the -- this impunity which has gone on for long. i think has been addressed. and we home nobody again creates war in seundz. south sudan. >> five months and counting. the war in yemen shows no sign of ending and peace appears to be off the table. and are border fences including
missile shot across the border. but a virginia journalist and her cameraman were killed. vester lee flanagan later shot himself to death. he had been fired from the station in which the news people worked. he sent a manifesto over racial inequality. james holmes has been sentenced. families of the victims say they are released with the sentencing. holmes attorney says he will not appeal the decision. one of the national zoo's newborn panda cubs has died. the zoo's adult female panda
gave birth last week. the zoo appears the larger twin appears to be healthy and strong. rebels launched a scud missile across yemen's border into saudi arabia today. the saudi military said i.t. was intercepted and destroyed. debt tom mounts across the country. the conflict is now into its sixth month. ahelbarra hahashem ahelbarra ha. >> artillery has been pounding houthi positions nonstop for
days. shia rebels insist they still have the means to fight back. this is a houthi commander storming a saudi military post along the border with yemen. the soldiers seized the building after heavy clashes. they are seen here blowing up military vehicles before leaving the area. moments later, a saudi war plane strikes. and the united arab emirates. yemen's warring faction he have,
for the time being though each party wants to win the war so that it has the upper hand during negotiations. hashem ahelbarra, al jazeera. >> he was one of the fbi's most wanted terrorists. the man expected to be behind the 1996 khobar towers. arrested two weeks ago, according to a saudi nurp. onnewspaper. it happened in june of 1996. 19 americans were killed and 500 other people were injured. at the time, mugasil allegedly led the saudi division of hezbollah. two saudi soldiers were killed in afghanistan. opened fire on a vehicle that was inside a compound in helmond
province. so far no one has claimed responsibility for the attack. tehran is calling for the release of 19 iranians being held by the u.s. iranian officials raised the issue during a news conference in tehran today but there was no mention of a potential prisoner swap with the u.s. >> translator: one of our concerns is the status of iranian prisoners in america. unfortunately about 19 of these prisoners are related to sanctions and are in u.s. jails under the pretext of violating american sanctions. some of these people are still under surveillance. >> since the iranian nuclear agreement was signed there was speculation that jason rezaian would be swapped for the prisoners. >> donald trump and his rival scott walker have proposed building a wall between the u.s. and mexico. just how effective would a wall be? paul beban has been doing some fact checking.
paul what you the find? >> well, good evening antonio. we're here in noag nogales on te arizona side, we're to get a seasonal rain shower. what it would mean what the terrain is like, what the physical realities of this area are, and what trump's proposal would really look like. this is the u.s. side of the border fence deposit. you can see it's built of steel and concrete, 20 feet high, it looks like it's impossible to get over or through. but people do, they manage to get through one way or another, they crawl over tunnel under. last year when i was filming, my crew and i saw two young men climb over this fence and back in no time at all.
we assume they were drug runners. take a look at that. >> wow he shot right over. >> donald trump says he'll stop young men like those and anybody else trying cross this border illegally by replacing this fence with a wall. he then said he'd call it the great wall of trump and then he said oh the name may be a joke but he's serious about building a wall but let's take him seriously. is building a wall the entire length of the u.s.-mexico border almost 2,000 miles from the pacific ocean all the way to the gulf of mexico even possible? well, let's take a look at the facts and the fence. so we're driving along the border east of nogales now, the fence is just scrolling by there mile after mile. anyway during the 1990s and especially since 9/11 the u.s. spent billions to massively beef up border security.
and as far as stopping illegal crossings or stopping terrorists it's really not even clear what it's gotten us. along the border there are about 670 miles of border fence in section is about a third of the border. and according to the government accountability office depending on the terrain and the type of fence it costs anywhere between 200,000 and $15 million per mile to build the fence. so the total bill for that 670 miles about $2.4 billion. trump says his wall would be bigger and even more secure than the current fence. so it's safe to say that it would cost many times what's already been spent. that $2.4 billion that was just to build the fence. it cost hundreds of millions of dollars more every year to maintain it. then there's the $3.7 billion we spent on 21,000 border patrol agents keeping them in the field like that guy. so the reason that border patrol
agent is parked up on that hill, he's probably here 24/7 this time of year is this is a riverbed. it's monsoon season here in this part of arizona and that means very heavy thunderstorms, huge volumes of water coming through a place like this. so they've built the fence with flood gates that they keep open to let it through and all they have here is two little strands of barbed wire between u.s. and mexico. so obviously very easy to come over but impossible to build a wall in a spot like this. and the border patrol says you don't actually need a solid wall because this is where the ruggedness and the remoteness of the terrain does the job for you. but experts say perhaps the strongest argument against a wall is that it doesn't address the biggest part of the illegal immigration problem and that's because the majority of people who make it into the country illegally do it right through the ports of entry. they hide in vehicles. or they use forged documents. so here it is.
is it even possible for trump urtobuild his grade wall? probably not. would it make much of a difference? that certainly isn't clear. the only thing we know for sure is it would cost an extraordinary amount of taxpayer money. antonio one thing i heard here from people in the community is look, a 20 foot wall, 20 foot wall fence whatever no matter how high you build it, all that's going to create is a market for a 21 foot, 31 foot ladder on the other side. people are going to determine how they are going to get across this frontier and what a wall or any other barrier is likely to do is drive people towards the ports of entry where they are going to take a lower physical risk root, they are going to hide in a vehicle, forge documents or one way or another get into this country. antonio. >> one thing that hasn't been taken very seriously is how
donald trump proposes to pay for the wall. >> that's right. in the beginning when he first laid this out on the day he announced his candidacy, he said look i'll propose for mexico to pay for it and the mexican president said no we won't pay for it. he said he would raise fees for mexican diplomats and impound remittances, proposed, tariffs on mexican goods. he's proposing all kinds of ways to do this. he's not being very specific what that bill would be. antonio. >> paul beban, in nogales, thanks. another eruption from mexico's fire volcano, it released a plume of ash that lasted for 12 minutes.
people above the volcano in jalisco state have been warned to stay away from the site. a growing animosity in what is far more than a border dispute is setting people fleeing. and stocks were up in the stock market. what about asia? >> inspires a community to rebuild its city. >> we gonna bring this city back one note at a time. >> and overcome hard times in the big easy. >> we are bigger, we're better, we're stronger.
japan's nikkei is up about 2%. but the hang seng in hong kong is down as is the shanghai exchange. how the shen zen is up slightly. we did see a big rally in the the dow. all three major indices jumped roughly 4%, marking their best day since 2011. other breaking news, 12 people have been arrested in connection with the explosions in tienjin last month. yesterday, china's chief safety regulator was fired due to corruption. in today's off the radar segment, we look at the border crisis between venezuela and
colombia. three venezuelans, were shot last week. nicholas ma maduro, the preside, blames tension is between the countries. >> reporter: for years now, venezuelan goods have been sigh siphoned out. constra band along venezuela's porous borders have been an ongoing problem. heavily subsidized foot and petrol means you are standing to make an extraordinary profit. in an unprecedented move venezuela's president has extended the closure of the border acrossing crossings twefa
ancrossings betweenvenezuela an. >> so you can see the complexity of the process which is in just a border closure. it is a new policy. >> left dozens of families stranded. led to the deportation of more than 1,000 colombians. many have lived in venezuela for years. >> translator: they kicked us out at 5:00 in the morning. they kicked united states out like dogs. they didn't let us take anything. they didn't even let us bathe. they said let's go, leave, get out of here. i lost everything. even my clothes. we left without a thick. >> reporter: colombia and human rights groups say the deportations are unnecessary and the authorities used unnecessary force.
they say closing the border is untimely and unlikely to do much to solve venezuela's problems. >> translator: i want to once again reiterate colombia's disapproval of the border closures. we are convinced that closing the border won't help the two countries fight against contraband. what it is doing as you've seen is create a difficult situation for residents who live on either side of the border. >> reporter: but venezuela's government looks set to maintains and perhaps even extend restrictions at other border crossings. unless colombia agrees to help build a new border. virginia lopez, al jazeera, venezuela. eric good to see you. the colombia venezuelan border extends 1400 miles. authorities on both sides have long looked the other way when it comes to the cross-border movement of people and goods. is this a stunt by the maduro
government to deflect the crisis venezuela is facing? >> in some ways it's a stunt. this is a situation that's been going on for a long time as you say. the economies are linked both informally and formally. the question has to be asked why now and why this overreaction that the venezuelan government is taking against colombians who are in venezuela? it really does seem to be unnecessary. people are being deported, sent across the border on short notice and it is becoming a humanitarian crisis and completely unnecessary. >> some families had to leave only with what they could carry.
reuters quoted a venezuelan housewife near border comparing this with what nazis did to the jews. will the venezuelan government face any repercussions? >> i doubt it will. the colombian government has a humanitarian crisis on its hand so it's clearly upset. it's a trying its best not to amplify the situation and deal with it, you have to clothe shelter perhaps provide jobs, people have talked about a stipend, president santos in colombia has talked about a stipend to get them on their feet, well enough. they have to deal with those issues but you have to make sure this situation doesn't escalate, which it could do. there is a long history there
and with a bit of unpredictability could really turn into something different. >> and thousands of people depend on that cross-border trade. and one of the things that triggered the crisis is maduro claim that paramilitaries shot and wounded three venezuelan army officers who were on antismuggling patrol. is this also politics? because urribe was friendly with the u.s. and friendly with maduro's predecessor hugo chavez. >> urribe is a senator now in colombia but it's clearly finding a target. somebody who is unpopular perhaps in venezuela and that's former president urribe. but to suggest he's instigating some sort of an attack on the venezuelan state is patently absurd. >> 100,000 colombians have
flooded into venezuela. doesn't that strain credulity? the currency is so worthless that people are using bolivar bills as napkins. >> venezuela has seen a brain drain over the last many years of people trying to leave venezuela. there are a number of clommans in venezuela, no doubt, it is a long history and tradition and the two countries still trade a lot with each other. so there are populations in each other's countries. but so say there is some sort of influx or invasion is ridiculous. >> and the diplomats met in cartagena today so we'll have to see. thank you for being with us. fief500 days since the nigen
to face fines. she wants rental websites to hand over information on their residents, they won't do. now to our global view segment with a look at how news outlets across the world are reacting to various events. leaders on both sides have lost control of their subordinates who are only interested in profiting. arms embargo to be enacted in the likely event of renewed violence. the sydney mornl herald suggests, under the headline diplomacy and unity, the best way to stop islamic state, the u.s. should not suggest more air strikes in iraq, it writes there are too many open questions about coalition strategy, syria's future, to make military action a good option at this
time. hostile and morally imrupt. in contrast the paper praises germany which has taken more than 40% of the syrian refugees who are reaching europe on creating a europe wide solution to the crisis. afghanistan has been ravaged by war for three decades. but in kabul, they are using art to brighten up the capital and send a message of peace. jennifer glasse reports. >> on the barriers that symbolize the deteriorating security in kabul, this anticorruption message warns that people and god are watching. across the street they're painting hearts as a symbol of healing the nation. it's all the work of artist kabir and a group of volunteers. with paint and supplies they are working to change the kilometers of blast walls that make him
feel under siege in his own city. >> you put a picture on the wall and the wall disappears and you're in a new space. >> he wants that to be about a new afghanistan that he and his painters can create. >> it's time for afghanistan and the wall to contribute something else other than weapons and war. we have been for war the past 36 years. it is time to give an artist a chance. >> he wants everyone to participate. when a policeman takes an interest he offers him a brush. he does the same for an old man just passing by. >> translator: even who have no education can understand the message when they see this. >> reporter: and that's the idea, mocamel says he wants to introduce artistic literacy, this is the first of a series, heroes of my city, celebrating
its people. these are street sweepers. other will be of schoolchildren, not adding to pollution and traffic. >> it has always been heroes with guns or with swords. so we want to celebrate the people that we see every day, who are working on the streets. >> reporter: while they may have start ed with an anticorruption painting they hope their work will be uplifting and help bring afghans together. >> translator: because of the security situation the city is in fear so we're trying to do something which grabs the attention of our people in a good way. >> reporter: those who take part say it's therapeutic, a way to contribute and share with fellow afghans. mocamel hopes this project gets bigger, his dream is to make this city the graffiti capital of the world. there are plenty of blast walls
but no guarantee of safety for those who want to make them beautiful. jennifer glasse, al jazeera, kabul. >> in spain a battle in which no one asks for mercy and none was given. it is all part of the epic tomato fight at the tomatino fight. this year marked the 70th anniversary of the town's first tomato fight. at the london zoo, keepers did their annual weigh in today. monkeys, penguins eagles and toads were forced on to the scale. they use it to compare vital growth information, particularly of endangered species. that's it for this edition of al jazeera america world news.
i'll see you again in an hour. hour. >> on "america tonight": >> why has this become your issue? >> it's just a piece of who i am, has become completely by accident sort of a prominent thing in my life. i literally just wanted to get my parents back home. >> special correspondent soledad o'brien, chronicles the history of a famous resid