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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  August 29, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EDT

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>> anger and upset at the court in egypt sentences three al jazeera journalist toss three years in prison. >> it sends a dangerous message that there are judges in egypt who will allow their courts to become instruments of political repression and propaganda. >> hello there, i'm felicity barr. this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up, the long walk across europe continues for thousands of refugees. some are taking extreme risks to find a new life. tens of thousands add their
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voices to call for malaysia's prime minister to resign. anti-pranti-government protesters take to the streets again. >> hello, legitimate journalists unjustly convicted. they have been sentenced to three years to an egyptian prison. mohamed fahmy, baher mohammed and peter greste were arrested by egyptian authorities in december 2013. the first court appearance in the 20-month legal battle in february 2014. in june that year all three were found guilty of spreading false news, helping a terrorist operatio organization and
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operating without a permit. six months later their convictions were overturned. they were freed in february to await a retrial after spending more than 400 days in detention. well, al jazeera has always vigorously denied the allegations. the next legal step will be to file an afeel appeal. >> hope then heartbreak in an egyptian courtroom. as two journalists return to prison. a retrial was supposed to give mohamed fahmy, baher mohammed and peter greste a second opportunity to clear their names. instead, justice was denied yet again. >> i don't know how i'm going to survive this without him. he did nothing. >> the judge said that he wanted to make clear to the people of egypt that these men were not journalists and doctored videos for air. then he sentenced them to more
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prison time. three years for fahmy and grest and three behalf for mohammed. they spent a year behind bars. greste won't serve the time because he was deported to australia, but it will inhibit his ability to work as a foreign correspondent. >> it's outrageous. it's devastating to me. i know my heart is with baher and fahmy. >> there was a tense and angry atmosphere after the verdict. from the beginning the case has been called a sham. president obama has been condemning it. the men have been convicted of aiding the maui the egyptian government now deem a terrorist group. >> they were arrested on false charge. they were convicted without a shred of evidence. at no point during the long drawn out retrial did any of the unfounded allegations stand up to scrutiny.
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>> the canadian government is demanding fahmy's immediate deportation. his attorney said that now that the egyptian judiciary has proven its driven by politics not truth it is time for the president to pardon the men. >> it sends a dangerous message that there are judges in egypt who will allow their courts to become instruments of political repression and propaganda. >> for now the legal fight continues. but greste says that they need the global community to fight with them, but continuing to promote the free aj staff campaign. >> with me now is al jazeera acidismic editor james bays. there has been reaction around the world to these convictions. pretty much universal condemnation. >> absolutely, from everyone we heard from. remember, the diplomats have been watching this closely. there are ambassadors in that packed courtroom watching the events. we heard from countries, the countries which have nationals
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involved in this. the foreign minister of australia came out and condemned the verdict. we heard from the canadians saying that canada is disappointed. it came from the canadian foreign affairs. going on to say that the canadian government continues to call on the egyptian government to use all tools at its disposal to resolve mr. fahmy's case and allow his immediate return to canada. and they call it a set back from the field of ex-tropical depression and say that the conviction of peter greste in abstentia questions its credibility. and they say that these sentence also undermine confidence in egypt's progress towards strong long-term stability. also the u.n. i've been speaking to the spokesman for the high commissioner for human rights, he says that they're very disturbed by the sentences and the extra pressure this will now create on journalists who are
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trying to do their job in egypt. that statement from the u.n. offic office of human rights have also spoken to the spokesperson for ban ki-moon. >> i think whether in egypt or any other country, i think it is necessary to have a free press, and to insure that all countries abide by their international obligations for freedom of the press and freedom of association. >> now, i've also been told that ban ki-moon has raised this a number of times with senior officials including president sisi and he'll continue to raise it. one place we'll see this raised again soon is the u.n. general assembly, which happens in under a month. that's in new york every year all the leaders in the world gather in new york. among those on the list to be there, president sisi of egypt. >> thank you. >> mohamed fahmy, baher mohammed are back in jail. peter greste, however, was convicted in abstentia after
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being deported home to australia earlier this year. they've been talking with andrew thomas. >> peter greste was with his lawyer in sydney watching for news from cairo by post on social media from journalists in the courtroom. >> the verdicts when they came were not what he was hoping for. >> you just heard the news. what is your immediate reaction? >> andrew, i'm finding it very hard to find the words to describe what i'm feeling at the moment. we always knew there would be a danger of conviction because the authorities placed so much and have so much at stake in this and invested so much in this case, but i'm absolutely devastated for my colleagues in particular. you know, i won't be going back to prison. i'm not going to go to egypt. but my colleagues will, and i
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know what they'll have to go back to. i know the prison conditions. i know the families this they're going to be leaving behind. it breaks my heart to know what they're going to have to go through. >> what are the opposites from here for you and the others? well, there are two operate paths. the others still have the option to appear before the court of concession. we'll have to see what happens with that. they've got 60 days to lodge that appeal. but for me i have no option for appeal. because i'm not physically there. i have to be physically present in egypt to be able to do that. the only option for me is to go for a presidential pardon. >> you've just spoken with australia's foreign minister. what does she have to say? >> she told me that she was also quite shocked and upset about the ruling. she said that the australian government will pursue every legal and diplomatic means to overturn these convictions.
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the australian government seems right behind me. i'm pleased i've had that expression of support. >> peter, thank you very much. >> the crisis around europe and the middle east now and many are arriving in hungary by driving themselves and using taxis. they want to avoid being forced into refugee camps. andrew simmons has been speaking to them. >> families walking in the sweltering midday heat. most have run out of water, but they still have the will to carry on. they're so exhausted that some don't even realize the white post they're passing mark the border. it marks their entrance into the
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european union. it's hard to take in the fact that these people have walked more than 15 kilometers in this searing heat. another stage in this long journey. even though they're crossing into the european union, the problems aren't over. these people are like hundreds of others haven't tried to run away from the hungarian border police. they're rounded up and taken to registration camps. women and children get priority. and the bus leaves behind people who are frustrated and unsure of what happens next. this man is from damascus and syria. he made two attempts to cross from turkey to greece by sea. on the first he was arrested and detained. on the second he was rescued by the coast guard. >> this was the most difficult. this one, this, you know, this that we had from the greek border to here, it's the most i
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have had to experience in my life. >> in the town buses full of refugees and migrants, who have spent up to four days i registration capers have arrived. they're grateful for food and water provided by a voluntary group, but they're confused with what is going on. >> they don't have enough information. before they cross the border they also don't have enough information. if they cross the border. if they step to the european union what will happen? what is their rights? >> these refugees don't know their rights. like everyone else this young woman gets a travel paper. but within hungary only. she fears she'll be taken to a camp and detained. instead of taking a free train ride she looks for a taxi to take her to the capital of budapest. she's traveling with her 13-year-old brother. it appears they want to prepare the way for the rest of their family. >> yes, get my father to
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germany. >> it is for your parents. you want to get your father. >> yes, yes, and my mother. >> it's highly likely they'll end up crossing the next border using people smugglers as they leave more arrive and so it goes on 24 hours a day. andrew simmons, al jazeera, hungary. >> well, macedonia has become a transit country as many refugees try to pass through its northern border with serbia to get to western europe. earlier the emergency coordinator in macedonia gave us an update on the situation there. >> so based on the statistics of the interior, they have been registered declarin declareing that intention to declare for asylum. the country here has done and we welcome very much to open, to reopen the borders again. you can see the situation is
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very calm. very organized. registration is ongoing and electronically at the moment. we'll switch the minister of interior will switch to electr electronic registration when possible. and we'll be i believe to provide th on the other side of the border. >> ten years since hurricane katrina, why is new orleans still building? and the displaced iraqis with nowhere to go.
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>> hello again, welcome back, a reminder on the top stories. a court in cairo has sentenced three al jazeera journalists to three years in jail. both the u.n. and e.u. have condemned the verdict, which they say represented a set back for freedom of expression in egypt. the court remains adamant in its adjustment. >> the court ithe defendants have made falsified videos after being edited and aired on al jazeera. and they air on the al jazeera channel that is not allowed to work inside egypt.
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>> well, senior electorate in the politics at the university, and he's with me now in studio. there has been widespread condemnation of these verdicts as we've seen. but the egyptian government has always maintained that the egyptian judicial system is independent of politics. what is the reality? >> well, it is not very much a reality that is independent of politics. it is a very politicized judiciary in a way. but in a different way. it is subject in some cases it is subject to direct pressures or directions from the executive. but in other cases within the judiciary itself you have political incomplain nations, and you have judges especially once collected for such circles deal with journalists. if you look at the background, most are security officers or
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state security officers which is the institution that generally in 2011 was in arms against. and many of them perceived what happened in january as a set back against them and perceived this negatively, there the conclusion is to crackdown hard on dissent. crackdown hard on the alternative narrative of the regime. this is where it hits hard. it reflect what is is going on on the ground. and it is not necessarily to what the narrative gives. >> the next step is to go to appeal court. and that tend to be more independent and less political. is that right? >> we have cases that defy the trend in egypt. but we also have case where is you look at the evidence and it
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is based on union officer in the state security or now the national security. this is mainly the evidence for many of the convictions that we saw whether for political activists or for journalists or for members of organizations and parties that the current revere has opposition. either way, unfortunately for egypt the crisis has been structural, and in this picker case it is embedded in egypt's crisis, and unfortunately, the journalists are paying the price for the political position. egypt. >> i think it's fair to say that the genuine price is at the verdict. quite frankly it's appalling pr on the international stage. >> it is appalling pr, but there are knoll are the any
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consequences. there are condemnation statements from the u.n. from the e.u. and most democracies in the world, but they're not--it's cost-free oppression. when you have a situation when over a thousand people are killed in less than 10,000 in front of tv cameras of many of the international media outlets, there is no persecutions, anything. in addition to, it is very easy to prosecute the ones who reported on these violations and make sure that they become an example of no--this is cost-free oppression, and it has been consistent. it is directly in a very certain way. it could change if the
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international environment changes. >> thank you. >> another weekend is underway where people have grown increasingly angry of the rubbish piling up on the streets of the capital. it has been called you stink. streets have become filled with uncollected rubbish after beirut's landfill was closed last month. there is mounting pressure on the malaysian prime minister to resign as tens of thousands gathered in the country's capital to rally against him. they're accusing him of being corrupt and saying he miss managed the country. under claims he had taken $700 million from the state's investment funs. >> they chant what they want.
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the demonstrators gather at key locations ignoring government and police declarations that their protests are illegal. >> i want a better future for think children, a fair country where their dreams can be achieved through free elections. >> they call for elect raul reform and greater transparency from the ruling, but they were given extra motivation this time when allegations surfaced last month that the prime minister had taken almost $700 million from the state investment fund. now they deny the allegation and say that the money came from a private middle eastern donor. regardless, the movement bersih say its time for him to go. >> they control the legislature.
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they control all the different parts of power. that's not good for the country. >> this rally cut across racial lines with strong reputation from the chinese and indian communities as well as the malays. >> this area has been the foal point of so many political protests over the years. >> your protest leaders say they won't try to go inside the square itself which are getting ready for celebrations on monday. they've blocked all entrances to the venue that is a symbol of malaysian independence. >> it is ten years since hurricane katrina ravaged the gulf coast of the united states killing more than 1800 people and causing billions of dollars worth of damage. the hurricane dedisplaced around
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a million people and was the most expensive national disaster in u.s. history. it devastated the city of new orleans. which was hit hard by the storm. former president george w. busch was criticized at the time for his slow response to the disaster. we are now in new orleans. how is the city marking this tenth anniversary? >> we're here in the lower ninth ward. and they're holding a resilience festival that speaks to the spirit and the resilience of the city. all across the coast church bills hav bells have been heard all morning. laying wreaths remembering those who have died. this is how the people of new orleans mark this occasion. the city has come with a fair amount of progression since the storm. the biotech industry is booming,
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and tourism is up. there are still social issues here. you heard the president talking about the african-american community. the wealth gap here between the blacks and the white are widening at a faster rate than almost anywhere else in the united states. rents are rising, housing prices are rising. this is a 60% black city. they feel like the politics here has changed, but they do admit that there has been a great deal of progress. we're standing in front of a $20 million community center here in the lower ninth ward. there was virtually nothing here just a few years ago. but less than half of the population live in this neighborhood. >> are you able to quantify how well the city has recovered? >> it really depends on who you are. it depends on your experience with this city.
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if you're african-american, not so well. remember, a hundred thousand african-americans never even returned to this city. the number of whites is around 10,000. that gives you some idea. we spoke to the mayor here, and he said, look, this is the american way. if it gets cold, the poor gets colder. if it's hot, the poor gets hotter. they have to address thighs social issues if the city is truly seen getting back on its feet if it's seen as being more equitable. >> thank you. at least two people have been killed in a mortar attack carried out by the islamic state in iraq and the levant on a town on the outskirts of baghdad. large number of people have need to the town to escape isil fighters in anbar province. >> one of a few towns in anbar province where the state has a
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presence. the roads beyond this checkpoint lead to isil controlled areas in north, west, and central iraq. this is the only lifeline for those cut off from the rest of the world. but only a few make it out. >> i managed to escape, but my family is still there. they don't allow people to leave. they tell the people that they should die along side them. sometimes they tell you if you want to leave you have to leave your women and children behind. >> some 300,000 people fled when isil captured ramadi, the capital of anbar in may. but as fighting intensifies between isil and government forces, the human crisis is worsening. >> there are is fighting. and instead of advancing the army had to pull back. we had to drive in the desert to reach here. >> many of these people have relatives they left behind. hundreds of thousands are believed to be in isil controlled cities and towns
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while isil may have some support the majority are trapped. >> we are hostages. isil uses them as human shields. some pay $500 per person to leave while otherwise have to prove that they're sick and need help. >> the mayor of this town is busy helping those who reach fallujah, but he also had a keep it safe. isil is less than a mile away. >> isil has been trying to capture this area, but so far the iraqi army and volunteer fighters from the town have prevented the armed group from advancing. >> but much of the rest of the province including the main roads and the border with syria is in isil's hands. it has been using suicide-bombings, roadside bombs and boobie traps making it difficult for the army to break the group's defenses. but on this front line the main concern is to protect the iraqi
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capital of baghdad, which is just a few kilometers away. al jazeera. fallujah. >> in syria fighting between pro government forces and rebels have resumed in a number of key locations after an open ended cease-fire was breached by both sides. the truss, which was set on wednesday was to cover the ghost held images. anpolice have charged a man in connection with the bomb attack nearly a fort night ago. he was arrested at flat on the outskirts of the city where officers say bomb making equipment and stacks of fake passports were discovered. a person who was arrested, they say the man was not the same one whose picture was circulated after the attack as being the main suspect.
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and just to remind you, you can always find out much more on many of our stories over on our website. that's what the front page looks like at the moment. leading on three journalists sentenced in egypt. is the address. dress. western burma, attacking anyone in their path. it sparked a wave of sectarian violence that spread to other parts of the country, with little hindrance from the authorities. now tens of thousand of rohingya, are housed in primitive camps under government armed guard, while others have tried to flee oversees to malaysia. but as jason motlagh reports, the refugees are being exploited and abused by people traffickers, while aid agencies and governments are failing to protect them.


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