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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 31, 2015 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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♪ the e.u. calls an emergency meeting as the number of refugees entering europe hits unprecedented levels. ♪ hello, i armor teen dennis live from al jazerra headquarters in doha. also to come on the program. china arrests almost 200 people accused of spreading rumors about the stock market. and the blast. barack obama heads to alaska to tackle the tricky topic of climate change. plus. >> reporter: i am charles strad forth reporting from northern
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ethiopia deep inside a mine shaft hunting for a precious stone that is hoped could bring this country great wealth. ♪ ♪ european ministers have called an emergency meeting for september the 14th for try to solve the region's growing refugees crisis. the blocks uncoordinated response is being described as inning coherent. according to the u.n., 300,000 people have arrived in europe so far this year. and that number continues to climb. but as the politicians debate, the grim reality of the crisis shows no sign of improving. for the third straight day. more bodies have washs up on the shores on the libyan coast. they are from two smuggling boats that sanction off the coast on thursday. in which at least 117 people died. meanwhile, greece is continues to go charter ferries packed with refugees from the island of
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lesbos to the mainland, they ever come you remembered fire for mott processing people properly instead shepherding them towards macedonia. hungary is under fire for this fence it's building along its southern board tore try to stop refugees making their way through towards northern europe. france's foreign minister has criticized the fence, he says it doesn't respect europe's common values. hungary has slammed the criticism as groundless. now, 50,000 people have crossed in to hungary this month alone. and the government there is looking at stiff inning the penalties for people who cross illegally. andrew sim ups -- al jazerra's andrew simmons is in the capital buttbudapest. >> reporter: for now this is home for people who left war zones looking to sanctuary and they can go no further. many weren't warned not to buy
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international rail tickets. police stopped them from boarding trains. this syrian mother spent the last of her savings on nonrefundsable tickets. now she regrets not paying people smugglers instead. >> translator: i feel angry. all countries helped us except hungary, macedonia let us cross, they let us use the train going to serbia. every day we talked hours to reach the border and my feet became swole end. i had to carry my baby all the way. i am exhausted. >> reporter: she has little hem. there are only a few volunteers giving advice to the refugees. >> we cannot only blame the smugglers because we are we are giving the smugglers better and better business by not letting these people take a train. >> reporter: hungary is ignore all criticism of their handling of crisis it stands accused of stripping away the rights of
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refugees and is preparing new legislation that means thousands of refugees could be sent back to serbia. nearly all the refugees here have crossed from serbia. hungary is defining its neighbor as a safe third country one of several changes. >> any assume legal seibeler crossing serbia will have for valid crime. they claim will be reject at first sight without any consideration, without considering why they left the war in syria, iraq, and afghanistan. >> reporter: most of the effort to his help is voluntary. they are preparing to feed more than 1,500 people. >> i just couldn't stay at home and see what's going on. we, all of us here, feel that we are human beings and we should respect and treat these refugees as other fellow human beings so that they would not feel that they are treated as animals and terrorists. >> reporter: the hungry are
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grateful for the helpful but it's going to get worse for them. there are plans to clear so-called transit zones like this, and enclose people in fenced off area as way from the public. these people came a long way to end up like this. and it could hardly be described as sanctuary or refuge. andrew simmons, al jazerra, budapest. >> the hungarian government has respond today the points raised in andrew's report it says if people don't supply visas and passports they are not allowed to travel anywhere within the e.u. hungary's foreign minister says a good european is one who keeps the rules of europe. he went onto say the rules clearly commit all e.u. members to protect their borders and those of europe. hungary is doing this and therefore fulfilling its commitment to the e.u. now chinese state media is saying around 200 people have been arrested for spreading
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rumors after the stock market crash and the chemical blast. more than 100 people died following the explosions earlier this month and last week saw almost a 9% drop in the market. let's go live now to our correspondent adrian brown who is in beijing. and what specifically are those arrested at being accused of, adrian. >> reporter: well, the charges are still very vague, but generally it's this catch-all charge of spreading rumors and false information. now, according to the official chinese news agency, 197 people have in its word, been punished. but we don't know exactly what those punishments are. for now one of those who was arrested is a journalist called wang shoe lu he works for the respected monthly publication and his crime was to report back in july that the government was planning to end its intervention
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in the stock market. its measures to try to prop up the stock market by pulling out a lot of its funds the government swiftly denied that, but the market continued to fall and to fall badly and clearly the chinese government want today blame somebody. so today he was very well a picture of cop trips as he appeared to state television to make a public convention, he said that he was to blame for the disorder and panic that arose from his reporting. and he apologized to all those investors who had lost so much money. stayed media does tending to in for these sorts of public conventions, martin, and we have seen them happen before during previous incidents involving financial problems like this. also arrested, detained is a senior stock market official, he's basically accused of insider trading. he borrowed about 500,000 --
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sorry borrowed about one 1/2 million dollars making a profit of $500,000 on the shares he bought. but what today in short tells us it's a very dangerous country china for those who are in the business of did he sell nateing information. it's worth remembering, some 44 journalists are currently in jail in this country one impressed early there are year a female journalist 71 years of aja ciewtiondz of leaking state secrets the problem we have in this country, the problem journalists have really there is no clear definition of what is tapped mount or equals the leaking of state secrets or indeed spreading rumors, is it interview an eyewitness it's a very vague area for journalists rate now. adrian brown live in bay jeeping, isil has blown up part of the temple of bel in pal
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meyepalmyra.they said to have us of explosives. the temple white sox built in 32b.c. isil has destroyed similar ancients sites that predate islam in iraq. the world health organization has made a deal with saudi arabia to provide urgent humanitarian add to yemen, more than 15 million people are in need of health services some have been injured in saudi airstrikes. while the heavy fighting in the southern port city of aden has stopped. >> hospitals there are struggling to recover from months of war. people want the government to do more to help the sick and wounded as natasha ghoneim reports. >> reporter: the war's casualties have packed aden's hospital beds. the crisis has overwhelmed
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yemen's already fragile healthcare system. it's also pushed doctors to the limits of the care they can provide. abdul was injured during fighting. he lost his leg and needs advanced care which is unavailable here. >> translator: there is still thashrapnel in my body. we hope that the government considers our situation and sends us abroad for treatment to remove the shrapnel and provide us with prosthetic legs. >> reporter: relative calm has returned to aden. fighters loyal to president hadi pushed out houthi rebels last month. but people living here say their healthcare system in the city needs help. many hospitals are closed. those that are open are operating at capacity. >> translator: there is some improvement, particularly in providing medications, but the big problem now is the wounded and their evacuation.
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humanitarian organizations including doctors without borders are stepping in to fill the board in a deposit and across the country. yet the security situation continues to hamper their ability to treat those in need. >> translator: as a happy city aden has lost its smile. however, with the people of aden, they are holding on to the hope that the smile comes back amidst promises of the government to improve the situation. >> reporter: ending the war may alleviate the healthcare crisis, but doctors without borders says soaring unemployment and poverty will continue to be obstacles for yemenis who need medical attention. and for patients like this, all they can do is wait and hope. natasha ghoneim, al jazerra. we have a lot more to come here at al jazerra. including find out whether the thai military government can deal with its faltering economy. economy.
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♪ ♪ hello again, i am martin den discuss these are the top stories here at al jazerra. european union ministers have called an emergency meet to go try to solve the region's growing refugees crisis. according to the u.n., 300,000 people have arrived in europe so far this year. china says it's arrested around 200 people for spreading rumors about last week's stock market crash and the chemical blasts. isil fight he is have blown of part of the temple of bel in the ancient syrian city of pal a
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rah it was built this 32 b.c. and one of the most significant structures in pal m palmyra. the australian government says a deal to resettle its refugees in cambodia is still on. but reports from cambodia say the government there has says it has no plans to accept anymore people. the deal centers a pacific island where australia built a detention kamphausing refugees in 2012. let's go live to our correspondent in sydney, andrew thomas. and andrew, first of all, this is a very unusual kind of deal, isn't it, with cambodia, that involves australian paying cambodia for each person that volunteers to go to cambodia. ledge are only four people so far as i understand it have agreed to this arrangement. but what is the status of it?
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>> reporter: absolutely very complicated deal and expensive for all, a 40 million u.s. dollars so far australia's government has paid cambodia's to resettle refugees and you say only four refugees in the year owe so that the scheme has been up and running have agreed to go. so a huge cost per refugees. almost $10 million u.s. dollars per refugees. the idea was that 10s if not hundreds of refugees would be transferred from the holding camps for refugees trying to get to australia by boat. they are accepted to third countries to process their claims, australia says they will not end up in australia they will be sent to other countries a key part that have was to themed to cam bode ya. just four refugees in a year and now suggestions from the cambodian government that they won't take anymore. it could be hugely embarrassing to australia. all parts of it very controversial off shoring of the refugees problem as far as australia is concerned.
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and as i say part of the deal looks like it could be in tatters before it's properly begun. >> migration and refugees onal major issues of our time, andrew and some people have looked to the australian model of locating those seeking asylum and others offshore. as being some kind of solution, but is it really working for the australians? >> reporter: working, what does that mean? australia's government say their policies have worked because the boats of refugees coming to australia have stopped and unequivocally they have. but at what cost in and refugees advocates are saying too high of a cost. there are now 1,300 people languishing in camps about 400 on the island, about another 900 in new guinea. people that tried to comma to
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australia by boat but were flown to these holding camps soon they arrived. pretty all of conditions. they are supposed to be assessed as refugees in those places and vet go ahead elsewhere, but very, very few have been. meanwhile the conditions in these camps are pretty appalling, an inquiry to australia's parliament has literally in the last five minutes or so been pub i should. it's been hearing reports and submissions for months now about allegations of real abuse in the nauru camp of sexual abuse, of children so traumatized in the camps that six year olds have tried to hang themselves. really appalling conditions in these camps. australia's government would say they didn't have to come to australia by boat, that's where they end up and they are supposed to be unpleasant places because they are a di deterrentr others to follow the pass, they say the policies have worked the boats stop are stopped coming, some in australia say that europe should look at
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australia'australia's example. but the hume cost of those in the camps not to mention those who haven't gotten on boats and who have, who knows what happened to them whether they have taken other routes to other places and come to harm there is very unclear, of course if all countries adopted australia's tough, tough stance towards refugees then where would the current crisis be at? it's a very, very controversial issue. and this particular bit between australia and cambodia looks like it could be off but australia's government for the moment is denying at least formally that it is off. >> all right, andrew, thank you very much for that. andrew thomas live in sydney. now thai police are looking for two new suspects in a recent bombing in bangkok, they issued arrest warrants for a 26-year-old thai female and a foreign man after search an apartment in a suburb. police say they uncovered fertilizer, digital watches and an explosive detonator, earlier
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on saturday they arrested an unidentified foreign man. at least 20 people were killed in the bombing of the shrine two weeks ago. the former thai prime minister has appeared before the supreme court to submit documents in the rice subsidy case against her. she was charged with negligence of duty after it was found the government bought rice from farmers above the market rate. she says the charges against her are politically motivated. the recent bombing and political upheaval in thailand have added further pressure to an already struggling thai economy. 200 advisers have been brought in to try to help things -- turn things around. veronica pedroza takes a look at the economic challenges facing the military-led government. >> reporter: to buy or not to buy. shoppers decisions at a grocery store in bangkok are reflecting that a deeper problem in the
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economy. domestic private consumption and investment are decline is as is external demands. export figures are expected to come in negative this year. production outputs contracted too. showing some of the weakest numbers outside of a recession. the shoppers we spoke to say they are concerned. >> translator: i am personally affected by slow economy. i am also a searle and i can see the drop in sale. >> a slow economy does affect my family and me. we try to be economical and spend only what we need. we don't dare to buy much. >> reporter: these are some of main ingredient for the famous thai spicy soup the asian financial crisis back in 1997 started here and it became to be called the crisis. at the makings there now in 2015 for a similar dramatic downturn? >> translator: we haven't seen any positive sign until the end
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of this year to help the economy. there is no clear governmental stimulus package, we do hope that any governmental projects can be soon realized. these projects will especially help the economy for grass root people. >> reporter: the military government convened more than 20 experts in a committee to put together a program for economic reform. the four ca of the no national economic growth keeps being revised downward, even in a year of integration for southeast aircraft an nations that's meant to stimulate trade and investment. >> our best kept scenario for the economy of thailand for the neck five years, the average would be about 3%. this is the lowest acceptable. that explains the paradox on one hands they receive it, but on the other hand we perform less well when compared approximate our competitor. >> reporter: this shopper decides not to buy that bag of sugar after all. another small indicator of the lack of confidence weakening
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thailand's economy. veronica pedroza, al jazerra, bangkok. women in saudi rape i can't have start today register as candidates for municipal elections in december. this is the first time that they can run as well as vote in elections in the conservative muslim kingdom. about 200 women are reportedly interested in running for office but they still face a number of restrictions including a ban on driving. the white house says north america's tallest mountain will be renamed. alaska's mt. ma clinically will become denali that's the name given by indigenous peoples. the announcement came as president obama starts a 3-day visit to the state to address an international conference on the arctic. daniel lak reports. >> reporter: this week president obama will see both the glorious landscape of alaska and how it's
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being devastated by climate change, glaze year, personal pea frost and sea ice are melting. as the prep president himself has said coastal erosion is wash ago way communities forcing people to flee. >> if another country threatened to wipeout an american town we would do everything in our power to protect ourselves, chime at change poses the same threat right now. >> reporter: environmental assists agree but they don't like his administration's decision to approve offshore oiling drilling by shell off alaska's north slope. as the drill rig left seattle earlier this year, protesters, some in kayaks tried to slow it down making their feelings no, the president they say says one thing on climate change and does another. >> here he is going to alaska to talk about the urgency of climate change while just approving arctic drilling. which scientists have been crystal clear is oil 100 billion-barrels of oil that must stay in the ground if we are going to stop the worst impacts of climate change. yet hydrocarbons drive alaska's
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economy, paying lucrative royalties and paying many jobs especially among the indigenous population, at an international conference on climate change in anchorage, state officials will tell the president not to take steps that could hurt their most important industry. >> what i think we need to do is try to find that middle ground. where we can bring sustainable development and responsibly draw on those resource to his meet not just our needs and the notes of that community, but the world needs to fossil fuels going forwards. but also to bear in mind there is an environment the cost and we need to balance all of that. >> reporter: here is proof. melting sea ice is behind that gathering of walruses thousands of them forced to shore, facing starvation and unable to stay in normally ice-bound ocean hunting ground. alaska's wild live and its people face climate change like few others on earth. as the first sitting president
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to visit the american arctic, president obama will call to suffer global pressures against climate change but he has to balance the dependence of an entire state and to an extent the u.s. economy too that many say is driving global warming. daniel lak, al jazerra, washington. now to ethiopia which has bun one of the fastest growing economies in africa and with it an ex-fansing mining industry. government is trying to clamp down on corruption while encouraging its growing. charles starred ford we want to the northeast of the country where mining opal is a growing trade. >> reporter: the ethiopian highland are offense called the roof of africa. it's a rugged and breathtakingly beautiful landscape. and a discovery in recent years as got precious gem experts around the world very excited. opals. and of an exceptionally high quality. we meet a group of minor as they
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head back to their village. the work is very, very hard this man tells me. look at the blue in that. he has been mining for two yea years. he and 12 other men work in this 40-meter long tunnel. the group earn up to $2,500 a week. for the stones they find. he has been digging here for about 20 minutes now. and he's just hack ed in to a piece of rock and you can see here this is the opal. and the guys who work this mine say that on a good week, they can pull out around 50-kilos of these stones. there is nothing to support the roof of the tunnel. he says the last time a miner was killed here was three years ago. >> translator: landslides happen when it rains, it's frightening when you are inside the tunnel
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but i don't want to stop the work until i am successful. >> reporter: the government has supplied the miners with basic tools and says it wants to improve health and safety standards, it's encouraged them to form cooperatives. they sell most of the raw opals for processes abroad. >> translator: bank check. since we formed a cooperatives, we have been able to save money. some of our friends have bought cars, others are buying houses. >> reporter: this is one of only two gem stone workshops here, ethiopia's opal industry generates around $25 million a year, a long way behind australia which produces more than 90% of the world's opals. this stone on the left is worth around $5 per carat, they increase in value as you move along the line this, last stone, is around $150 per carat and, is valued at over $3,000. all are found in ethiopia.
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the government plan to his establish infrastructure here to sell, cut and polish stoned. >> we are now inviting investors, mining companies with experience to come to ethiopia. >> reporter: the opal is known as the queen of gems. and so men like this continue digging despite the risks involved. charles stratford, al jazerra, northern ethiopia. wes craven the director of horror films like nightmare on elm street and scream has died at his home after battling brain cancer. the 76-year-old was closely associated with the genre of slasher horror film that his first became popular in the 1980s, he was also famous for creating the villain freddy kruger, his recent projects included a graphic novel and several television shows, wes
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craven has died at the age of 76. now if you want to find out more about the day's news, don't forget you can always go to the al jazerra website there you will get the very latest on all of day's developing stories. a lot of background and analysis, as well. >> for some reason as she was working this is what he did. withwolf whistles). the more peep that hear the story, the true story, no matter if you know nothing about the south, you knew that was long, you thought that child was brutalized that way.