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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 31, 2015 7:00am-7:31am EDT

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♪ hungry's government hits back over criticism of its treatment of refugees. ♪ hello, i'm with the world news from al jazeera and also coming up, t.v. confessions in china as the government cracks down on people spreading rumors about the stock market. barack obama heads to alaska to tackle the tricky topic of climate change and [gunfire] we are with a police squad on the trail of drug traffickers in
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peru just given license to shoot down smuggling planes. ♪ the hungarian government is defending its actions as it strengthens the border control to stem the flow of refugees and the government spokesman told al jazeera that hungry is not against asylum seekers but it needs to ensure people are entering the country legally and they can be tracked. the u.n. says 300,000 people have arrived in europe so far this year. and hungry is also under fire for this fence it's building along its southern builder and french foreign minister criticized the fence saying that it doesn't respect europe's common values and a short while ago we put those criticisms to a spokesman from the hungarian government. >> let me put this clear it's
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not about asylum law but illegal border crossing we are trying to fix and it's unacceptable 150,000 people come through the green borders with no order, discipline and law and we try to establish the borders of hungry or serbia which is a border and it's law an order and puts some kind of discipline into this huge influx of illegal migrants. >> discipline, order and law for refugees who are escaping from an absolute appalling war in syria, is that really the right approach? >> it's the best interest of those arriving through them who might be refugees or only economic migrants, we don't know because they don't have papers and don't have any way of proving their identities and the established rules and it's only through rules that not only hungry but eu would be able to handle that. >> ban ki-moon the international office of migration abundance of
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human rights groups are asked for coordinated approach and asking for hungry to be more logical and careful and coordinated in its approach rather than building a 175 kilometer fence and are you at least considering being more careful with the refugees and wanting them to actually give them sanctuary in the rest of europe rather than turn them return and send them away. >> reporter: you use a ward that should be correct z because if we have identity we don't know if they are refugees or not and the people coming through four, five, seven countries arriving from all the hundred countries in the world to the eu should be put under some kind of discipline to establish the right entities. >> reporter: on the other side of hungry's border with austria police stepped up patrols uncovering over 200 smugglers and checking large trucks and
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vans for any sign of refugees being smuggled across the border and during one of the searches police found 12 syrians inside a mini van with french license plates. these enhanced measures come after 71 people were found dead in the lori last week and in europe the arrivals continue. and greece coast guard say they picked up nearly 2500 people from the seas over the past two days and the ferry is packed from the refugees from the island and taking them to the mainland. they have come under fire for not processing people properly, instead shepherding them on towards macedonia. hundreds of refugees and most are syrians have been getting on trains once in macedonia and these are services that run twice a day and they drop people off at its northern border with serbia.
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the issue of refugees is not just causing divisions in europe the australia government insists a deal for people in whcambodias still on but the government says it plans not to accept any more pefk and this is in peru and the refugees in 2012. >> it's an important agreement and it's an agreement that indicates cambodia's readiness to be a good international citizen as everyone knows, when cambodia was in troublesome years ago the world rallied to cambodia's help and it's a good national citizen to do its part now that it's in much better shape than it was a couple decades ago. >> reporter: and al jazeera andrew thomas has more. >> reporter: a spokesperson for
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cambodia's interior ministry told a cambodia newspaper the country has no plans to take any more refugees from the island to cambodia. australia's government denied that is the case and says the deal is still on but either way almost a year after it was signed, just four refugees have been resettled from the holding camp effectively in naro to cambodia at a cost of $40 million u.s. dollars that australia paid to cambodia to take refugee, hugely expensive so far and it's for refugees is the sum total than stupid and expensive all in the context of a hugely controversial refugee resettlement program that australia is supposeds to have for those who come by boat to australia to be first of all in holding camps in new guinea or naroo and refugee claims assessed and resettled or not as is the case so far in other
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countries and it's hugely controversial and a report published on monday detailed some allegations of abuse in the naroo camp and the report recommendations are australia speeds this up and makes it transparent and doesn't deny the policies are tough but say they need to be in order to deter people coming by boat to australia and some politicians in australia said that european leaders could learn a bit from the approach but advocates say the boats have stopped but at what human costs. >> reporter: chinese state media says 200 people have been arrested for spreading rumors over the stock market crash and the tianjin chemical blast and the report did not specify the punishment but a journalist and a senior stock market official are among those arrested and adrian born reports from beijing. >> reporter: on state t.v. the
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journalist confesses his guilt. his crime to report that the government was planning to end its efforts to rescue the market. on the day that article was published the shanghai share index suffered one of its biggest falls and on monday he apologized to all those who lost money. >> this kind of market it can have a big impact if it's correct or not because one way or another we are in an extremely volatile market. >> reporter: and here is a senior stock market official accused of insider trading and reportedly made a half million profit after borrowing twice that to buy shares and china relies on confessions and in total 197 people have been reportedly punished about spreading rumors about the stock market falls, the china's devaluing currency and fatal
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explosions in tianjin but criticisms of the handling of this have not featured in china media instead it's focusing on thursday big parade commemorating the 70th anniversary of japan's surrender and preparations for the event coincided with a tightening of internet restrictions and social media sites for our sister network al jazeera arabic are now blocked and won't say why. the laws governing china are very vague and during troubled times like these the regulations are often used by authorities to block new stories they say expose new secrets or endanger the government and the government fears a free media because it would undermine its authority. this economy relies on the web for growth but the rising demand
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for internet freedom is now testing the government's control. adrian brown, al jazeera, beijing. thai police are looking for two new suspects in a resent bombing in bangkok and issued arrest warrants for 26-year-old thai woman and a foreign man after searching a suburban apartment and uncovered fertilizer, digital watches and detonator and arrested another man on saturday and 20 people were killed at the erdiwan shrine two weeks ago. they have blown up more ruins in the ancient city of palmyra. they are said to have used more than 30 tons of explosives to destroy part of the temple of bell. that was built in 32 bc and was part of the unesco world heritage site and comes just a week after i.s.i.l. released images showing fighters destroying the temple and
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i.s.i.l. cleared from iraq's province last month but the fight to push out the armed group has deepened the divide with the shia, sunni and kurdish communities as jaina now reports. >> reporter: these people are demanding to go home. their town was cleared of i.s.i.l. ten months ago and officials from the iraq government tell them to wait for the roads and facilities to be rebuilt but they believe the kurdish forces who recaptured the area want to make it part of the region they govern in the north. >> translator: the kurds are destroying our homes and wants to change the demographics so arabs won't be the majority there. >> seeking help from the head of the pru provential but not going
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with the government and say they don't have much control. >> translator: the parties in control operate outside of the state and some have military wings and we hope it will change as part of reforms promised by the government. >> reporter: long been an un easy relationship between the communities and fault lines have run through this province for years and have worsened since the start of the war with i.s.i.l., that war has brought a new reality, one that has created a new authority on the ground. shia malitias also known as the popular mobilization forces have become the real power here and led the fight against i.s.i.l. but were accused of reprisal killings against sunnis and many feel the actions of the groups are years of sectarian policies by the shia led government. >> translator: this is why sunnis move to areas where the
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community lives and the same is true for shias the aim of on going attack by i.s.i.l. and what is leagued to the parties is called strife. >> reporter: the neighborhood here feel the same. more than 100 people killed in a resent suicide truck bombing an attack that i.s.i.l. said carried out has not reallied reconcile communities. >> translator: our community has been targeted, why the killing us and now we are suspicious of everyone and those responsible want to prevent coexist answer. >> reporter: they once lived together in the town and sectarian violence over the years changed that, now the divide has grown deeper and it's tearing the society apart. still to come on the program we go under the hills of ethiopia to follow the men trying to eek out a living. i'm charles stratford reporting from northern ethiopia in a mine shaft searching for a
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stone hoping to bring this country great wealth. ♪
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>> al jazeera america, weekday mornings. catch up on what happened overnight with a full morning brief. get a first hand look with in-depth reports and investigations. start weekday mornings with al jazeera america. open your eyes to a world in motion. these are the top stories at al jazeera, chinese state media says 200 people arrested for spreading rumors over the stock market crash and the tianjin chemical blast, more than 100 people died following the situations earlier this month and last week saw almost 9% drop in the market. thai police looking for two new suspects over the resent bombing in bangkok and issued arrest
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warrants for 26-year-old thai woman and foreign man, at least 20 people killed in the bombing at bangkok's erdiwan shrine two weeks ago. strengthening border controls to stem the flow of refugees. the government spokesperson told al jazeera that hungry is not against asylum seekers but it needs to ensure people are entering the country legally and they can be tracked. and many of the people facing the reality of the fingerprinting, border centers are refugees from war and conflict and we have been speaking to one man who fled his home in syria in the hope of finding sanctuary in europe. >> translator: i'm mohamed from syria. my country has been destroyed. my wife is dead. the aircraft struck our
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residence. my car was burnt. my wife died inside the house as the whole building collapsed because of the assad air strike and hoping to make it to europe. they placed us in a boat in the middle of the sea, three times we almost drown in the deep sea. the whole family was about to die but i kept praying to god and saying dear god we are your her servants and protect us and by god and the grace of god we managed to make it safe and arrived in greece. in greece they put us on a boat and robbed me and took 1,000 euros and 200 dollars and turkish liros and identification card and left me with nothing, nothing, no syrian document nothing to identify me, not a single penny. for five days it was quite disgraceful and humiliating in athens and men collected money to get me here and young men are trying to mel me so i can make
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it and see my own children and 20 days and i have not washed my clothes and i swear it's humiliating here and what can do i with these young people and what can i do to help them, there is no water to wash them with, no food, no decent water to drink, there is nothing for them at all. look at this, this is their meal. this is what we are supposed to feed our children with. what can keep them alive? is this a meal? is this food? in 24 hours one sandwich, you can eat it all in one bite. it won't satisfy their hunger. this is unfair. very unfair. where is humanity in all this? we fled away and now we are stuck here in a prison, what do they want us to do, why can't they free us, why? are we here as prisoners? what are we? tell us. you, you are convicts sentenced to death. why are we detained and locked up, what is the reason behind
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all this? my god if we knew this was the way they would treat us and inprison us in europe we would not leave the home land because the homeland is quite precious and the land and memories and everything there is dear to us. >> reporter: fleeing war in syria and hardships of a journey through europe. in the democratic republic of congo eight guards have reportedly been killed after they were ambushed by armed men and took place about 20 kilometers from the city of gomor and the government has been fighting a rebel group in the region. peru is the world's biggest producer of cocaine and allowing the military to shoot down suspected drug smuggling planes that pass over it. the center of the world's cocaine paste industry is peru's region and most of the drugs cultivated there are shipped out on small planes to bolivia and
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brazil and supplies markets in argentina, chile and uraguay and further afield and africa and europe and sanchez reports. >> reporter: after a tip from an informant members of the peru antidrug special police marched across rivers and marshs. the commander led the team after they set out to destroy a cocoa processing lab and fired shots to warn the traffickers and they prefer letting them go to avoid retaliation from the local community where police say most people are involved in the drug trade. just as we were arriving the traffickers fled leaving behind bread and the cocoa leaves were about to be thrown in the pool to make the cocoa paste from which cocaine is made. authorities say this lab is big
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enough to produce $50,000 worth of cocoa paste each day. >> translator: the size and location of the lab tells us they were professionals. >> reporter: the stench of toxic chemicals like acid and gasoline is over pouring and this eventually is turned into the cocaine powder and residues are thrown away, contaminating land and rivers. this is the valley, the center of the world's leading cocoa paste producer and he is on the front line on the war on drugs here. the colonel says they have a big mandate but not enough resources. >> translator: the complexity of this is to reach the labs in remote, inaccessible areas and we need to walk for four or five hours in the jungle and need air
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support to move faster. >> reporter: many focused on destroying labs and clandestine landing strips and this year police and army destroyed more than 120 air fields, 2-3 labs are dismantled every week and 300 tons of drugs are transported out of the country each year. [gunfire] the u.n.'s latest drug report says they reduced the amount of cocoa fields in the last two years but critics say traffickers are making the land more productive with better fertilizers and he was exporting more paste and cocaine than ever, unless something changes it seems that fighting the drug trade is a battle that for now can't be won. al jazeera, peru. u.s. president said to make a historic visit to alaska to call for action on climate change. president obama plans to
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highlight how alaska's stunning scenery is being damaged by increasing global temperatures and daniel lack reports. >> reporter: this week president obama will see for himself both the glorious landscape of alaska and how it's being devastated by climate change. glasers and perma frost and sea ice are all melting and the president said coastal erosion is causing people to flee. >> we would do everything in our power to protect ourselves and climate change poses the same threat right now. >> reporter: environmentalists agree but don't like the administration's decision to approve off shore oil drilling by shell off alaska's north slope. as the drill rig left seattle earlier this year they summoned kayaks trying to slow it down making feelings known and the
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president they say does one thing on climate change and does another. >> he is talking about climate change and approving arctic drilling and scientists have been crystal clear is 100 billion barrels of oil that must stay on the ground to combat the worst climate change. >> reporter: paying lucrative royalties and creating jobs especially among the indigenous population and low oil are raising fears of cutbacks. at an international conference in anchorage they will tell the president not to take steps that could hurt their most important industry. >> what i think we need to do is try to find that middle ground where we can bring sustainable development and we can draw on those resources to meet not just our needs and that community but the world's needs for fossil fuels going further and bear in mind there is an environmental
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cost to this and we need to balance all of that. >> reporter: melting sea ice is behind the gathering of walruses, thousands of them, at shore and facing starvation and normally able to stay in ice bound hunting groundss and they face climate change like few on earth. president obama will call for tougher global measures against climate change but he has to balance the independence of an entire state and to the extent the u.s. economy true that many say is driving global warming, daniel lack, al jazeera. thai prime minister says a bid before the supreme court to submit documents in the rice subsidy case against her she was charged with negligence of duty after it was found the government bought rice from farmers above the market rate. to ethiopia with one of the fastest growing communities in
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america and part of that is to the expanding mining, industry and we have been to the northeast where mining, says it's a growing trade. >> reporter: the ethiopian highlands are often called the roof of africa, a rugged and breathtakingly beautiful landscape and discovery in recent years has precious gem experts around the world very excited, opals and of an exceptionally high and we meet miners as they head back to the village. the work is very, very hard this man tells me. look at the blue in that. he has been mining, for two yea years, he and 12 other men work in a 40 millimeter tunnel and earn $2500 for stones they find
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and he has been digging here for about 20 minutes now and he has just cracked into a piece of rock and you can see here this is the opal and the guys who work this mine say on a good week they can pull out around 50 kilos of these bones. there is nothing to support the roof of the tunnel and says the last time an miner was killed was three years ago. >> it happened when it rains and it's frightening when you are in the tunnel but i will not stop this work until i am successful. >> reporter: the government supplied the miners with basic tools and says it wants to improve health and safety measures and encouraged them to do this and the opals are processed abroad. >> since we formed the cooperatives we have been able to save money, some of our friends bought cars, others are
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buying houses. this is one of only two gem stone workshops here and ethiopia's opal industry generates around $25 million a year, a long way behind australia which produces more than 90% of the world's opals. this on the left is worth around $5 per caret and increase in value as you move along the line. the last stone is $150 per caret and valued at $3,000, all are found in ethiopia. the government plans to establish infrastructure to sell cut and polished stones. >> we are now inviting investors, mining, companies with experience to come to ethiopia. >> reporter: the opal is known as the queen of gems and so men like he continue digging despite the risks involved. charles stafford, al jazeera,
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northern ethiopia. find out more about opal mining, in ethiopia on the al jazeera website and find the very latest on all the day's top stories and following the ongoing refugee crisis effecting for the most part europe. the man suspected of ambushing and killing a texas deputy is in court today. police are calling it a cold-blooded execution. plus -- >> cops lives matter, too. let's just say lives matter. >> backlash after the harris county sheriff calls the protest movement rhetoric. wall street opens this morning with a focus on the federal reserve. a week of economic reports could have an impact on interest rates.