where is the police squad in peru who was just given license to shoot down smuggling planes? >> so we have the latest for you on the refugee crisis in europe. the number of people who have been trying to leave has only been increasing. macedonia where hundreds of people boarding crowded trains bound for serbia. there are twice daily services taking people to the border. over in greece a similar situation. thousands people going to the island of lesbos. where authorities have fired
that they're not registering, only shuffling them to macedon macedonia. at the border 71 people were found dead in a lorrie last week. we have more now from an do you simmons. >> the hungarian government is defending itself saying that it's merely complying with e.u. law. people without visas can't leave the country. this is what the country spokesperson have to say. >> i think it's clear talking about the asylum law or illegal border crossing. it's unacceptable that 150,000 people come through your borders without discipline, order or law. what we're trying to establish in serbia is a border put some
kind of discipline into this huge influx. >> discipline, order and law for refugees who are escaping from a an absolutely appalling war in syria. >> they may be, they may be economic migrants because they don't have papers or any way of proving their identities. it is only through rules that not only hungary but those of the european union would be able to handle. >> ban ki-moon, the international lawster of migration and and an abundance of human rights groups are asking for a different approach other than a 150 kilometer
fence? wouldn't you give them sanctua sanctuary. >> you have given a word. we don't know their identities. we don't know if they're refugees. they're arriving from all around the world. they should be under some discipline to study identity. >> the government said that it's actively seeking clarification from germany of what it means to refer to syrian refugees being able to seek asylum in germany itself. there are reports that they would start taking in refugees from hungary directly on trains, but they have not been confirmed. it isn't a clear situation as to what is happening next for the refugees who have been stuck at these railway stations. >> that is the situation over in
budapest. crossing over to austria now, joining rob reynolds. there they are introducing their own security checks at the border. >> that's right. in hungary, about an hour from where i'm standing often the police are checking cars and trucks, advance, trying to find if ther they are containing any refugees who have crossed the hunger yay border. they told reporters today that these checks resulted in finding 200 refugees who were free from these vehicles and five suspected human smugglers taken into custody. this operation on the border has also created very large traffic
problems for cars lined up for main kilometers. it's not a permanent solution to this issue. you heard a story in reference to borders. what that means is that between two european union countries, like austria and hungary, there cannot be the stringent border checks and patrols and crossing as there would be say the united states and mexico. there is no possibility of that. e.u. laws do not permit that. this is one of the things that is going to remain a problem even with these stepped up border or police checks along the highways leading north into austria and germany. >> that is how authorities there are reacting to the situation. but what about ordinary people, ordinary citizens. what do they think? what are they saying?
>> i think it's fair to say that everyone in europe was horrified by the discover riff 71 who died such a terrible way in a troubling on the side of the road. later today in the structure behind me there are significant cathedral there is going to be a memorial service for those 71 people who included several children in their number. the church is expected to be filled with people ordinary austrian and veiense, who are there to morning. many people are angry, they're upset over the fact that their own european union government has not really risen to the
occasion. they have not fully gotten a handle on the refugee crisis. in addition there is also a public protest being held later tonight here in vienna where pro refugee marchers are going to march and have a candlelight vigil to remind the government that people are very anxious to help them. >> thank you for that update from vienna. well, the germ chancellor angela merkel said that the refugee crisis is a challenge that won't be leaving any time soon. >> we have a humanitarian responsibility. we need to establish registration centers and talk with african nations. talk with countries that are in civil war and ensure there is a fair distribution of refugees
across europe. not what is happening across szczerbiak macedonia and hunga hungary. >> the french prime minister has been visiting a camp in calais. authorities said they'll give money to those who are stuck in the port city. one of the main refugee points foentry points for refugees and they're under fire for not doing more while they move on. >> another group of syrian refugees arrives from the greek islands, among them many young men escaping army service or subscription by the islamic state in iraq and the levant. mohammed is a 25-year-old economic student. he said his family dislikes president bashar al-assad.
he doesn't want to die fighting for him. he wants to finish his studies. >> the situation is very, very bad. the war is big. there are many groups in syria. >> what is happening now on the streets? >> the people killed. the people killed in any place in syria. >> these numbers proffered by the united nations overwhelm the authorities. they overthrow border control and they have forced germany to declare it will ignore a rule to return applicants to greece and process applications. >> the number rises by thousands daily. almost all qualify for asum lie. officially they must remain here and apply from greece. in practice they're walking across internal european
borders. the sheer size has suspended the rule greece's form migration minister said that the sooner they realize that the events have severe taken the law the better. >> practically speaking when thousands of refugees are on the move you cannot close your borders and pretend that you have treaties and conventions that will enavailable you to ignore this enormous. >> the idea is to use humanitarian visa italy europe insures safe passage for refugee. secondly, it will neutralize smugglers who prosper from the suffering of refugees, and third, they'll have security because it will know who comes on european soil and deal with the threat of some who might be jihadis. >> but europe does not seem
politically ready. asylum applications reached 123,000, an all time high. how far behind is policy going to be. >> an australian senate senate said that a refugee camp is inadequate and unsafe. the camp built by australia built in 2012 has been mired by widespread abuse claims. 30 allegations of child abuse and 15 claims of sexual assault. they say its contract will be renewed for the next five years, but the committee recommended that that they be disqualified for services for that camp. here on the al jazeera americal jazeera news hour we have more coming. the iraqi province that has been
cleared of isil but places the problem of the community further divide among sectarian lines. we'll have all the details coming up in sports. >> but first fighting outside of ukraine's parliament leaving several members of the national guard injured. a grenade was thrown to a crowd of protesters knocking several people off their feet. they were demonstrating over a law to give special status to pro-russian rebels. thai police are looking for two now suspects. they issued arrest warrants for a thai female and a foreign man after searching a suburban apartment. they uncovered fertilizer, digital watches and an explosive
detonator. they arrested another foreign man on saturday. 20 people were killed in the bombing i of the bangkok shrine two weeks ago. reports of journalist and senior stock market official, confesses his guilt. his crime, to report that the government was planning to end its efforts to rescue the market. on the day that article was published the shanghai share index suffered one of its biggest ever falls. on monday he apologized to all those who lost money. >> in this kind of market information can have a big impact whether it's correct or incorrect because we're going to be one way or another an extremely volatile market. >> also publicly disgraced, a
senior stock market official accused of insider trading. he reportedly made $500,000 profit after borrowing more than twice that sum to buy shares. china's legal system relies heavily on confessions. in total 197 people have reportedly been punished for spreading rumors about the recent stock market false, china's devaluing currency as well as the explosions. the government has instead been focusing on thursday's big military parade, commemorating the 70th anniversary of japan's surrender. preparations for that event have coincided with a tightening of already strict internet restrictions. two chinese language social media sites for our sister
network are now blocked. the authorities won't say why. >> the laws are very vague, and during troubled times like these those regulations are often used by the authorities to block news stories that they say expose state secrets or endanger the country. in short, many people say that the government fears a free media because it would undermine its authorities. this economy relies on the web for growth. but the rising demand for internet freedom is now testing the government's control. adrian brown. al jazeera, beijing. >> well, climate change gobbetters have entered the crucial u.n. summit in paris. they're working to create the foundation for the treaty. rich countries must outline how they will deliver on the promise
to mobilize $120 million a year to help poor and developing nations. then there is the question of how legally binding that treaty will be. all 193 countries need to submit their plans of how they will reduce emissions but so far only 50 countries have done so. many analysts predict the combined commitment to reduce the global temperature rise to the targeted 2-degree celsius beyond pre-industrial levels. it is feared that the world is headed to more drought, more flooding and more weather events. let's go to martin kaiser from greenpeace joining us live from bonn. i assume you're following the talks very closely. how close are negotiators to finalizing the agreement that will then be taken to paris? >> i'm here in bonn, and a lot
need to happen 20 make a paris agreement possible. here in bonn the negotiators now have to draw a vision for the energy sector to phase out coal, oil and gas, and to bring in 100% renewable energy supply for all people by mid century. this is the core element at a we need to see to direct all investments in all countries. >> so is this going to be an agreed upon by all? in your opinion what are the most pressing issues that still need to be agreed upon in bonn? >> so far it's clear that the contributions of the united states, china and european union and other countries don't add up to the joint effort to reduce global warming 1.5-degrees that is needed to limit the ca
catastrophe coming from global warming. coming up every five years with new climate and more ambitious targets, that would be the way the pai paris agreement could come up with a better future. >> are you optimistic that that will actually happen? >> a lot of diplomatic earth is going on at a very high level. president obama from the united states but also president xie from china, and there is no question there will be an agreement in paris. but whether this agreement will help the ongoing campaign against coal fired power plants or explorations.
>> president obama has approved offshore drilling. what do you make of his attention to glacier and what message does he want to send out to the world? >> i mean, it's a very double-sided message president obama gives on the one end his leadership towards an agreement on climate in paris. on the other hand his permission for oil drilling in the arctic. i think president obama has to revisit his approach in the arctic and to cancel any kind of permissions for new oil drilling in that very fragile ecosystem. >> thank you very much for speaking to us from bonn. as we were just mentioning climate change is the focus of president obama's historic visit to alaska. the president calling for action on global warming. >> this week president obama will see for himself both the
glorious landscape of alaska and how it's being devastated by climate change. gracious, perma frost and sea ice is all melting and coastal erosion are washing away cities. >> environmentalists agree but they don't like his decision to approve off-shore drilling decisioby shell. protesters, some in kayaks tried to slow it down making their feelings down. the president says one thing on climate change and does another. >> here he is going to alaska to talk about the urgency of climate change while just approving arctic drilling which
is oil that must stay in the ground if we're going to stop the worst impact of climate change. yet hydrocarbons drive alaska's economy, paying lucrative royalties and creating many jobs. low oil prices are raising fears of cut backs to state services. an conference on climate change state officials will tell the president not to take steps that could hurt it's most important industry. >> we need to try to find that middle ground to bring sustainable development and responsebly draw on those resources to meet not just our needs and the needs of the community but the world's needs for fossil fuels going forward, and also to bear in mind there is an environmental cost to this that we need to balance all of that. >> here is proof. melting sea ice is behind this gathering of walruses, thousands of them forced ashore facing starvation and unable to stay in
ice-bound ocean hunting grounds. alaska's faces climb change like few others. >> president obama will call for tougher global measures against climate change, but he has to balance the state and the u.s. economy on an industry that many say is driving global warming. >> well, speaking of climate change rob is here. we'll cross over to rob. we'll talk about the current storms in florida. >> we'll talk about climate change. it's been a very quiet hurricane year. he just had hurricane erikia come through. we're going close to alaska now. on the western side of canada
where wind has been the big thing. this is indicating a change of season. you can see the swirls. these are early wind suppressions across the border to u.s. it has caused some damage in the seattle area. snow is north, on high-ish ground, but it's there. one last thing. this el niño year has produced strange events in the pacific. huge typhoons we've now got three hurricanes. same storm. this one here is the one to watch. it's nastier, it can well be the one to hit hawai'i. thankfully the forecast takes it a little bit to the north. that's a good thing. >> rob, thank you. well, peru is the world's
biggest producer of cocaine, and the country has allowed officers to shoot down drug-smuggling planes that pass over it. most of the drug cultivated there are shipped out on small planes to bolivia and brazil. this route goes to chile and europe. up to 180 metric tons of cocaine from flown out of peru in 2013. we join a special police unit on an anti-y drug operation. >> members of drug police. they set out to destroy a cocaine processing lab. they fire shots to warn the traffickers.
they prefer letting them go to avoid retaliation from the local community where police say most people are involved in the drug trade. we were arriving as traffickers fled. they left hyped bread, boots, these sacks of coca leaves were about to be thrown in the pool to make the coca paste from which cocaine is made. this lab is big enough to produce $50,000 worth of coca paste each day. >> the size and location of the lab tells us that they were professionals. >> the stench of toxic chemicals like gasoline is overpowering. this substance is eventually turned into the cocaine powder. the residues are thrown away, contaminating land and rivers. this is the center of the world's coka pa paste produceer.
kernel castillo says that they have a big mandate but not the resources. >> the complexity of this is to reach the labs that are in remote and accessible areas. we need to work for four or five hours. we need air sport to move faster. >> they anti-drug political in the region has many focused on destroying labs and clandestine flying strips. this year they destroyed 120 airfields. two to three labs are dismantled every week, and still drugs are transported out of the country each year. the united nations' latest drug report said that peru has reduced the number of coka fields in the last two years but traffickers are making the land
more productive with better fertilizers exporting more coka paste and cocaine than ever, and unless something changes it seems fighting the drug trade is a battle that for now can't be won. al jazeera, peru. >> you're watching the al jazeera news hour. still ahead can thailand's military government deal with a faltering economy? we'll take a closer look. it's another day to remember one australian golfer in new jersey coming up in sports. >> i'm charles stratford. hunting for a precious stone that is hoped that will bring this country great wealth.
>> you're watching the news hour on al jazeera. hello again. the top stories the hungarian government is defending its actions to strength it's border control to stem the flow of refugees. a government spokesman said that they need to insure that they're entering legally. fighting erupted outside of ukraine's parliament leaving several of the national guard injured. they were demonstrating over a draft law of a special status in the east. chinese state media saying around 200 people have been punished for spreading rumors over the stock market crash. the report didn't specify the punishment but journalists stock market officials are among those
targeted. well, many of the people facing the reality of fingerprinter, border fences and reception centers are not economic migrants but refugees from war and conflict. we spoke to one man who fled his home in syria in hope of sanctuary in europe. >> i'm mohammed from syria. my country has been destroyed. my wife is dead. they struck my residence. my car was burned. my wife was stuck in the house when the building collapsed. we got out through turkey hoping to make it to europe. they placed us in a boat in the middle of the sea. three times we almost drowned in deep sea. the whole family was about to die, but i kept praying to god. dear god, spare us. poke us. thanks to god, and by the grace of god we made it to greece.
in greece they robbed me. they took $200. 200 turkish liras along with my identification card. they left me with nothing. no, sirran documents, nothing to identify me. not a single penny. it was disgraceful, humiliating in athens. some young men collected some money to help me get here. it's been 20 days and i haven't washed my clothes. i swear it's humiliating. what can i do with these young people? what can i do to help them? there is no water to wash them with. there is.
>> this is unfair. very unfair. where is humanity in all this. we fled a war and are stuck here in the prison. i'm stuck here. what can i do. what do they want us to do? why can't they free us? why. what are we. yes, you're convicts sensitive to death. what are we detained and locked up. what is the reason behind all this. my god, if we knew that this is the way that they would treat us and imprison us in europe we would not have left our homeland. the homeland is precious. quite precious. the soil, the memories. everything there is dear to us. >> refugees have made the perilous journey to europe. tough conditions have not deterred opportunities from finishing high school with top markets. we have reports that does not
guarantee them a place at university. >> these syrian who is are refugees in jordan have finished high school. they all passed the jordanian secondary exam with good grades but none of them can afford an university. they have approach scholarships but they have no luck. some have been waiting for scholarships since last year. >> i used to study outside because i have no. >> power cuts across the camp were another challenge. when they didn't have enough candles to study at night they had to wait until sunrise. they said it's unfair that there are not enough scholarships for
syrians. >> we need teachers, doctors and students when we return to our country. >> there are fear there is younger students in the camp will turn to work instead of graduating from school. with the lack of university scholarships in camp and across jordan there are some here who are adamant wh about an university dry will go to europe and many fear that they will not come back to syria in the future. these two teachers work tylerly to secure scholarships for students through charities and private donors. they conclude that there are 1,200 residents in the camp who are qualified to enroll in the universities or who were not able to complete.
>> we don't want desperation to create an obsession with migration to the west for work and education. >> 4,000 syrian students applied for university scholarships last year but only 100 opportunities were provided. refugees in this camp are worried with every passing year they're becoming less able to achieve their dreams and have a say in their future. >> four fighters from isil have reportedly. >> isil was cleared from iraq's eastern province last month but the fight to push out the armed
group is deep within the divide of the sunni, shia and kurdish communities. >> these people are demanding to go home. the town was cleared of isil ten months ago. officials tell them to wait for the roads and facilities to be rebuilt but they believe the kurdish force who is recaptured the area want to make sure that the region they governor in the north. >> the kurds are destroying our homes they want to change the demographics so arabs won't be the majority there. >> the representatives of the town's 90,000 sunni arabs are seeking help from the head of the pro convention council. but omar said that the authorities in baghdad are not addressing the issue with the kurdish regional government, and representatives say they don't have much power. >> they're now in control
operate outside of the and some have military. we hope this will change as part of the reforms promised by the government. >> there has long been an unsees relationship between the sunni shia and kurdish communities. >> iraq's applicants have run through this province for years. they've worsen the since the start of the war since isil. that war has brought a new reality. one that has created a new authority on the ground. >> shia militias also known as the popular mobilization forces have become the real power here. they led the fight against isil but were accused of reprisal killings. many feel that the actions of these groups are a continuation of sectarian policies by the shia-led government. >> this is why sunnies move to areas where the community live. the aim of the ongoing attacks by isil and the militias that are linked to political parties
has caused strife. >> more than 100 people were killed in a recent suicide truck bombing an attack that isil says it carried out has not helped to reconcile communities. >> our communities have been targeted. why are they killing us? now we're suspicious of everyone. those responsible want to prevent coexistence. >> the sectarian violence over the years changed that. now the divide has grown deeper and it is tearing the society apart. al jazeera. >> the world's health organization has made a deal with saudi arabia to provide humanitarian aid to yemen. more than 15,000 people are in urgent need of medical care. the unmanned aircraft will
change the gains in airstrikes. >> it will raise eyebrows in military circles. it weighs in just under three tons. this could potentially be used in the south china sea area. an area that is already causing tensions between china and it's regional neighbors as china makes claims for certain land and sea resources. it is saying that it is willing to sell it's drone technology for anyone who wants international law and parameters. they wilwill nigeria take advantage of that in its fight against boko haram.
something that will please the americans on the ground, but in long term it will worry americans, the american administration because they would like to get inroads into those markets in the long term, but their hands are tied by their own lawmakers to certainly with a very fine in the long term china will want to export its technology to its allies and those countries that want drone technology will be making that approach. >> vietnam has begun releasing thousands of prisoners head of independent states. over 18,000 people will be freed in vietnam's second biggest amnesty. political activists jailed on anti-state propaganda or attempts to overthrow the government has been excluded from that amnesty.
president shinawatra has been asked to provide documents against her. she is charged of negligence of duty after it was found that they bought rice above the market rate. the recent bombing an in thailand has added to an already struggling economy. we look at the economic challenges facing the military-led government. >> to buy or not to buy, shoppers' decisions in grocery stores are reflecting a deeper problem in thailand's economy. the domestic private consumption and investment are declining as is external demand. export figures were expected to come in negative this year. production output contracted, too, showing some of the weakest
numbers outside of the recession. people say they're concerned. >> i personally effected by the economy. i'm also a seller. >> a slow economy does affect my family and me. we try to be economical and spend only what we need. we don't dare to buy much. >> these are some of the main ingredients for the famous thai soup. the crisis in 1997 started here, and now in 2015 there is a similar dramatic down turn. >> we haven't seen any sign until the end of this year to help the economy. there is no governmental stimulus package. we do hope that any government am apology wil package will
help. >> the forecast for national economic growth keeps being revised downward even in a year of integration for southeast asian nations. >> it is the lowest. >> had shopper decides not to buy that bag of sugar after an all, another small indicator of the lack of confidence weakening thailand's economy. veronica pedroza, al jazeera, bangkok. >> under the threat of extinction. we look at india's annual
>> on al jazeera america, >> a team of scientists are taking their inspiration from nature. >> technology...it's a vital part of who we are >>they had some dynamic fire behavior... >> and what we do.... >> transcranial direct stimulation... don't try this at home! >> tech know's team of experts show you how the miracles of science... >> this is my selfie... what can you tell me about my future? >> ...can effect and surprise us... >> sharks like affection >> tech know, where technology meets humanity... only on al jazeera america
>> the dance tiger is an event that is synonymous with the telephon festival where men are painted as tigers, a 200-year-old tradition is at risk of extinction. >> preparations started more than a month ago, with each group judged by its dancing, the music, the size of their bellies and their costumes. each group has their own distinction tiger design, that is a closely guarded secret
until the time of performance. each group can have up to 51 tigers, dozens of musicians. this is what makes the competition so expensive. over the years there have been cost-cutting measures. now they use regular house paint ned of the dyes and powders on their bodies. this year ther there will be fewer tigers on the street with many saying they're struggling to participate. many are pulling out of this 200-year-old festival at risk of extinct. >> maria sharapova has pulled out of the u.s. open because of injury. she said she has a knee injury and needs more time to cover. she was due to play number 37, in her opening matchment the second time in three years that
the 2006 champion has withdrawn from the tournament. serena wells will be chasing history in the u.s. open. it is said she'll maintain they are grand slam. djokovic will get his challenge under way. >> well, it's part of what we do, and it's a privilege in a way. to do something that is important for just have to embrace that. i'll go out and do my best. >> australians jason day has moved to the top of the cup standings crowing to the parklies on fund. the current u.s. pga champion would win by six strokes at 19 under par. his fourth victory of the season tying him with the u.s. open and
master champion jordan spieth for wins. >> i think i have an opportunity to be number one if i play good golf over the next three or four weeks. but it's been a goal of mine. but it's going to be tough to catch. you know, right now i'm trying to focus on getting some rest and going in to next week and trying to play that government course, which i absolutely love. all positive stuff. >> american golfer brian harmon pulled off a rare feat at the barclays event. he made two holes in one in his final round. the world's number 78 is only the third pga tour player in history to accomplish this feat. the south african rugby team could be stopped from competing in the world cup, which starts next month in england. the agency for new agenda is taking legal action against their rugby union, accusing them of racial exclusion in player selection. they're seeking a court order to
stop the springbok from leaving the country. the 30% quota has been met naming eight non-white world players in the world cup quad. football now in the transfer window closes across many of europe's major leagues on monday. for the english premier league it shuts son tuesday. they have completed one day of business and signing belgium international, the 24-year-old from wolsberg for $90 million. he was named bundesliga player scoring ten goals and making 21 assists. this will be his second stint in the premier league, having been sold by chelsea last year for $25 million. >> i think that the premier league is probably the best league in the world, and afterwards probably will be germany. i think in germany they have a
great time, a successful run and a half years at the club. we won some titles. yes, it's a new chance to be better as a player, and hopefully i can do good. >> the former club seems to be doing just fine without him. they came in third after their latest match. they edge to bayern munich with the 3-1 win on sunday. over to the mls where the new york red bulls thanks to stand out performance from bradley white phillips. they doubled the lead with the stunner. and just passed the hour phillips scored his second with a 3-0 win from new york. for the first time after kenya has finished top of the medal
table at the world athletic championships, which concluded on sunday in beijing. in the center they won their seventh gold in the 1500 meters. during the championships two kenyen threats were banned for failed drug tests. the iaaf admits that establishing an anti-doping program in the country is a priority. >> the weak spot for us are africa, east africa. we're focusing now to that for now. we have to be able to implement testing in this country's outside of the competition, the competition period. we're working very closely with the kenyan authorities to establish a national anti-doping education system in kenya. >> if cricket now in india have put themselves in a strong position to win a third an against sri lanka in colombo.
the hosts have made a poor start chasing that down. they already lost three wickets for 67 runs. the winner will take the three-match series. now there is much more sport on our website. for all the latest check out al jazeera.com/sport. we've got blogs and video clips from our correspondents from all over the world. that's it for me for now. back to you. >> thank you very much for that. well, ethiopia has one of the fastest growing economies in africa, and with it an expanding mining industry. the government trying to clamp down encryption while originaling its growth. charles stratford went to the east where mining hopefuls are the trade. >> the roof of africa, a rugged and breathtakingly beautiful
landscape. over the years it's got gem experts around the world very excited, opals of exceptionally high quality. we meet with a group of miners as they head back to the village. the work is very, very hard, this man tells me. >> look at the blue in that. >> this man has been mining for two years. they work in this 40-meter long tunnel. the group earns up to $2,000 a week for the stones they find. he has been digging here for 20 minutes now, and he's just hacked into a piece of rock, and you can see here this is the opal. and the guys who work this mine say that on a good week they can pull out around 50 kilos of
these stones. there is nothing to support the roof of the tunnel. the last time a miner was killed here was three years ago. >> landslides happen when it rains. it's frightening when you're inside the tunnel, but i don't want to stop this work until i'm successful. >> the government has supplied the miners with basic tools and says it wants to improve health and safety standards. it has encouraged them to form cooperatives. >> since we formed the cooperatives we have been able to save money. some of our friends have bought cars. others are buying houses. >> this is one of only two gem stone workshops. ethiopia's opal industry generates around $25 million a long way behind australia, which produces 90% of the world's
opals. this stone on the left is worthy about $5 per carat. it's valued over $3,000. all are found in ethiopia. >> we're now inviting investors mining companies to investment in ethiopia. >> the opal is known as the queen of gems so men continue digging despite the risks involved. charles stratford, al jazeera, northern ethiopia. >> that's it for the news hour right here on al jazeera. but we'll have a full bulletin of news coming your way in just a few moments. in the middle east you can always keep up-to-date on all the latest news by coming to our website at www.aljazeera.com.