this crisis. and china says a reporter has confessed to creating this chaos that has created this stock market crisis around the world. critics call that beyond absurd. and we begin with president obama's historic to alaska. mr. obama arrived in anchorage just a short time ago. he will meet with the alaskian natives, but the main focus will be how global warming is impacting the arctic. libby casey joining us lye. libby, president obama is going to spend three days visiting alaska, so what is his message? >> richelle his main message is climate change is real, it's
happening, and it's a threat. here temperatures are rising twice as fast as in other parts of the world, and alaska's glaciers are melting three times faster than they were in the previous century. basically this is ground zero for climate change. the president is here to see it for himself, but also get worldwide attention on what is happening, and this comes in advance of his trip, while the united states really looking at paris this fall. we'll see international leaders gather to talk about climate change in paris. this all will provide a great back -- backdrop for this. secretary of state john kerry said it is certainly a great concern in the arctic but a concern for the rest of the world. >> the bottom line is climate change is not a distant threat for our children and their
children to worry about. it is now. it is happening now. and i think anybody running for any high office in nation in the world should come to alaska or any other place where it is happening and inform themselves about this. >> reporter: and that's exactly from president obama is doing here in anchorage this week. >> the president now, yes, he is talking climate change, but earlier this month, he approved all-shore oil drilling. is this a mixed message? >> reporter: that's right. the president has given the green right to exploratory drilling off of alaska's coast by shell oil. that has a lot of environmentalists upset. it is a contentious issue. it's something, though, the government of alaska has been
pushing for really strongly. it's controversial here as well as in the lower 48, but the president is catching a bit of flax on that front. >> just tell us what does this mean, the president visiting alaska? what does it mean to the people there? >> you know, we have been visiting some remote villages where people are still a little bit thunder struck that president obama is going to be in their front yards and meeting with them. they see it as landmark moment to have the commander and chief come to them to hear their message. but the president has met some closures of air space which is interfering a little bit with hunting season. that does not make people too happy. there is however, a major gift announced yesterday, that the president has made sure that the name change will happen of the largest peak in north america.
mount mckinley is now renamed to danshg ali. now officially the maps will say danali is making alaskaance very happy. >> thank you, libby. as libby mentioned president obama is in the arctic to talk climate change. melting ice there is causing serious environmental damage. but it is also revealing land rich with oils and mineral and as the arctic changes so is its economy. >> there was very it will thal happened up into the arctic until this ice started melting. the's capital has retreated about 40%. it has opened up the northwest passage. now tourist ships pass through
regularly. the northern sea route which is also above russia, is also quickly opening up. so the arctic's thawing ice is unlocking billions of dollars worth of untouched resources. the u.s. geological survey estimates that the arctic holds one third of the world'ss thattal gas and 13% of the cued oil. so there are a lot of people that are very happy that things in and below the arctic are now accessible. >> so all of these resources that are accessible, who do they belong to? >> for starters, russia, the u.s., norway, denmark, and canada. all five of those countries can claim up to 200 miles off of their shores, the shores of their continental shelf, as
exclusive economic zones. it's quite contentious as to where your continental shelf ends. vladimir putin has posted that the entire arctic should fall under russian sovereignty. in april russia shipped its first tanker of arctic oil from a drilling platform off of the arctic russian coast. china is jumping into the case as well. its state-owned oil company whereon a bid to explore waters above iceland. and shell has permission to restart some exploratory drilling off of alaska's arctic coast. ownership of the arctic is a hotly, contested issue, richelle. >> so what is in store for us tonight? >> we're looking at the
non-profitable world of non-profit hospitals. non-profit hospitals are more profitable than for-profit hospitals, and we'll explore that tonight. >> all right. and coming up in the next half hour renaming north america's tallest peak, again, we will take a look at the backlash over president obama's decision. the man accused of killing a texas sheriff's deputy made a brief appearance today. shannon miles has been charged with capital murder, he is being held without bond. miles said nothing during his brief appearance. prosecutors say miles shot the officer 15 times robert prosecutors revealed a few more
details about the shooting. what have we learned today? >> we know that shannon miles walked into the courtroom in shackles today. he was in there briefly. we learned that he was located and arrested based on eyewitness reports at the gas station and surveillance video that caught a red pickup truck that he was allegedly in and then got out of, and shot the officer 15 times in the back execution style. but more graphic details came out today. let's have a listen. >> as you see the video, you see the male get out of the car, he runs up behind the deputy, puts a gun to the back of his head and shoots. the deputy hits the ground and he continues to unload his gun, shooting repeatedly into the back of the deputy. >> that's the graphic nature of
this, that the suspect, mr. miles continued to shoot while the deputy was one the ground, reprehensible to many people here. we should note that the suspect has a track record of criminal history, past ten years dating back to everything from assault to carrying a firearm. he has served several short stints in prison. in 2012 he was sent to a mental institution and then released in 2013. >> robert, obviously the question that so many people have is why. has the prosecution said anything yet about a possible motive in this shoot king? >> no, there's no motive as of yet. we have heard from the sheriff's department that they think there is no connection. these two people didn't know
each other, mr. miles and the deputy. so we'll wait to seeks aboutly what transpires, we know he's do back in court on october 4th. it's too early to speculate right now, richelle. >> robert ray live in houston, thank you. a memorial was held this afternoon for cameraman adam ward, one of the two journalists shot to death last week during a live broadcast. those who attended today's memorial were asked to wear the colors of salem high school or virginia tech university in ward's honor. a self proclaimed white supremacist has been convicted of murdering three people last year. he will now face a possible death sentence. he shot and killed three people at jewish centers in overland
park, kansas, including a 14-year-old boy and his grandfather. he gave a white power salute after the jury read his first verdict. dozens of los angeles police officers started wearing body cameras today. it's a move to try to ease tensions between the police and the community. critics say the lapd isn't going far enough. how many officers are going to be wearing the body cameras. >> the cameras are being rolled out in the mission hills division. there are about seven dozen police officers out on patrol already with these cameras. they hope to get up to 250 by the end of the week. this is a department they are trying to take city wide. they lapd says they hope to have
7,000 officers armed over the next few months. many officers say they really hope these cameras will help get out the full story, unlike some of these police shootings that we saw in ferguson or baltimore. >> any time they are involved in an investigative or enforcement activity, this camera will be activists. you use it to a verify your assumptions, and i assume that's how they are operating and functioning, and if not that will also be determined and reviewed and looked at also. that's the benefit of the whole system. >> and richelle we heard the captain say that this will be what a lot of departments will do from now on. he called it the new normal. >> there are critics who still have concerns. what are they? >> well, there's concern about who will have access to this
video. the lapd has said that officers will be able to review what is captured from that camera, before the officers file their own reports, and they said the videos will not be released to the public. so critics say -- the thinking is that this will benefit police officers who will be the only ones who have access to it. but some of the other police departments who have used body cameras, and the numbers there show that is not necessarily the case. a small city east of los angeles, they become the first police department to arm their office worse these body cameras back in 2012. they say the reports of abuse by police officers have been slashed by more than 50%. and an officer in cincinnati was wearing a body camera, and was actually pulled over -- routine traffic stop ended up shooting and killing the driver and that
officer has now been charged with murder. >> okay. thank you. at least one police officer is dead, dozens more injured as protests outside of ukraine's parliament in kiev turned violent. protesters reportedly through live grenades at police. the violence followed a vote in parliament to grant autonomy to two rebel-controlled areas in eastern ukraine. nadine barber reports. >> reporter: the moment when anger turned to bloodshed. these pictures show the bloody scene after protesters through a grenade at riot police. the interior ministry says blast injured about 100 officers and about 50 national guardsmen. the violence also injured journalists covering the protest.
a crowd had gathered ahead of a parliamentary vote on giving special status to parts of the donetsk lun -- a luhansk region. the bill did pass on its first reading. it's a crucial part of a peace agreement reached in february of this year. it was supposed to end the fi d the -- fighting. since then there has been sporadic violence in the east. these scenes in the capitol are a reminder of how controversial the agreement is. and look at this. this is summer camp in ukraine. children as young as 11 years old, training with assault rifles. 120 kids completed a three-day military-skills course before heading back to school. in addition to combat training,
the children also learned first aid. so it's a drug that can literally bring a person back to life, but should it be given to addicts so they can save themselves after an overdose? we're marking international overdose awareness day. plus al jazeera goes deep inside the jungles of peru, following the war on drugs all the way to the source. ♪
♪ dozens of events were held around the world today to mark international overdose awareness day. overdose has killed more than 40,000 americans every year. police have reported increasing success in saving the lives of heroin users with a drug. jake ward joins us live from san francisco. so jake, help us understand the scope of this problem and why this drug narcan, can make a difference. >> reporter: well, richelle it's really a question of this incredible increase in the use of heroin and prescription opioids, as you mentioned over 40,000 are overdosing every year, 16,000 of them from a prescription opioid of some
sort. so it's an incredible thing. narcan has been extraordinary to allow people to come back from an overdose. an overdose of heroin, and opiates, essentially overhelms the brain and you forget to breath. narcan knocks the oipoid and brings you out of it. a recent study found that at least 8,000 people had been reversed in 2013, the last year for which numbers were available. that's 8,000 people who otherwise would have likely died from an overdose. that's the same number of people that we know are dying from heroin every year. it's just an extraordinary measure, however, it is part of this whole move around harm-reduction, where basically, you are sort of trying to stop
legislating against addiction itself and trying to somehow get people into treatment and get them to talk openly about their addiction. >> so, yeah, let's talk more about that. the idea that you are not punishing people per se, you are trying to help them not harm themselves. what would this country look like if we went down that path instead? >> reporter: i put that question to a number of experts and got some very, very interesting answers. really it seems to be all about gets away from stigma, here is how daniel rainman thought life would look like. >> if you tackle the sigma, you are tackling a lot of reasons that people stay away from help for so long, until their own problem gets worse and worse. it's that shame and secrecy that has a magnifying effect.
it intensifies the addiction, because it leaves people isolated. it leaves people living in secrecy, so part of the concept of harm-reduction is first to save lives but second to break that cycle of shame and secrecy, so people can really get the help they need. >> reporter: the thing to understand here, is the recent study found that over 80% of the time, the people saving lives were drug users themselves. it's giving it to drug user and trying in some way to do away with the stigma. that seems to be the best way to save lives when it comes to this heroin and overdose epidemic. >> all right. thanks, jake. in the united states, the war on drugs often focuses on keeping drugs out of the
country. in those nations where traffickers are producing drugs, the battle begins at the source. our correspondent reports from the jungles of peru. >> reporter: after a tip from an informant, members of this anti-drug special police marched across rivers and marshes. the commander lead the team as they set out to destroy a coca processing lab. [ gunfire ] >> reporter: they fired shots to warn the traffickers, security forces actually prefer letting them go to avoid retaliation from the local community, where people say most are involved in the drug trade. the traffickers fled, they left behind bread, boots, these sacks of coca leaves were about to be thrown inside the pool to make the paste from which cocaine is made. authorities say this lab is big
enough to produce $50,000 worth of coca paste each day. >> translator: the size and location of the lab tells us they were professionals. >> reporter: the stench of toxic chemicals overpowering. this substance is eventually turned into the cocaine powder. the refuges are thrown away, contaminating land and rivers. this is the valley, the center of the world's leading coca paste producer. this 100-man contingent is on the front lines of the war on drugs in peru. this colonel says they have a big mandate, but not enough resources. >> translator: the complexity of this is to reach the labs. they are in remote inaccessible areas. we need to walk for four or five hours in the jungle. we need air support to move
faster. >> reporter: peru's anti-drug policy in the region is mainly focused on destroying labs and clandestine landing strips. this year police and the army destroyed more than 120 airfields. two to three labs are dismantled every week, still more than 300 tons of drugs are transported out of the country every year. peru has reduced the amount of coca fields, but traffickers are make the land more productive with better fertilizers. peru is exporting more coca paste and cocaine than ever. it seems it's a battle that for now can't be won. coming up, a chaotic scene in austria's largest train station. thousands of refugees, many
♪ [ shouting ] >> chaotic scenes today at vienna's western railway station. hundreds of refugees arriving from hungary, scramble to catch trains headed to germany. witnesses say the refugees were able to board the trains without being screened by police. the european union is planning to hold a summit to discuss the growing migrant crisis. countries like austria and hungary are already struggling to cope with the continuous and growing influx of refugees. rob reynolds at more. thousands of people gathered
in vienna's ancient cathedral. to mourn and pray for the 71 refugees who died in an agonizing death in a truck abandoned on the highway. and for the thousands of others who died on land and sea trying to reach europe. the deaths of the 71 refugees have horrified the european public. over the weekend austrian police began checking trucks and vans. they say they found at least 200 refugees packed into vehicles. and detained five suspected smugglers. >> translator: we are seeing people traffickers who have becoming increasingly brutal and unscrupulous, and we have to fight back with tougher measures. >> reporter: but getting tough snarled the highway with a traffic jam nearly 30 kilometers
long. >> say it long, say it clear, refugees aren't welcome here! >> reporter: thousands of people marched in protest demanding better treatment for refugees. people here are not only grieving for the refugees who have died. many are upset with the leaders of the european union for failing to deal with the crisis. leaders of austrian human rights groups organized the march seeking to apply pressure on the politicians. >> i'm embarrassed to be european. they are fleeing for their lives, and we need to stop what our politics are doing. >> i want the government to be more sensible, sensitive to all of the foreigners which have pain and suffer, just to let them in and give them a chance to -- to live.
>> reporter: but prayers and protests are no substitute for a cohairent refugee policy. the leaders will hold a summit in two weeks. until then the river of refugees will keep flowing. >> i spoke via skype with european parliament member from malta, and began by asking if this meeting should be taking place even sooner. >> i don't blame all of the citizens asking exactly the same question. we find ours almost half a year after the u.n. called the tragedy a monumental failure of cam passion, and we're asking ourselves why so many months later we are seeing the worst summer on record, and it has taken so long for the ministers representing the member states to realize that all they had discussed and agreed upon in the
spring has lead to nowhere. if anything the situation has gotten worse. the routes have become more complicated, we have seen more deaths. and they are going to meet in two week's time, so yes, i would say why has at that no .had earlier? >> have you confident anything will be different? >> we have diplomats from all different states working night and day in order to come to a realization finally after all of these years that after we have been talking for so many decades that we are a union of common values, we now have to share responsibility. i was optimistic a few months ago when the president came up with an ambitious plan when we put a responsibility-sharing plan on the -- table, and we saw member states openly saying they
don't want to be any part of it. i really hope as a politician representing the member state that has been hit for so many years from the southern mediterranean, that there is finally a realization from all member states that this really is a shared challenge. >> should there be some member nations that take more of a leadership role that have a responsibility of being leaders in this situation? >> we're certainly seeing germany be quite a leader, and the countries and ministers of france and the u.k. getting together to see what can be done about the hot spots in greece. but i think one message that has to be spent to those countries that it is useless, or at least not as ambitious as we would like it to be, that they throw money at these hot spots. we want an understanding that this challenge is not going to go away, throwing money at it is
not going to help. we need the political courage and reality facing us for all politicians, all leaders, including from maybe let's say none leading countries, so tell their people, yes, i am willing to actually share some of the responsibilities with those countries that have been hit hardest. >> that's interesting that you say it's not just about throwing money at this. it is perhaps about seeing these migrants as people. >> absolutely. this is what malta has been saying for all of these years. why? because it is very easy for people detached from the reality to exonerate themselves from the physical responsibility. it's also very easy to forget that this is not going to go away. this has s a challenge that we have been facing and that we have seen over the years is only getting worse, and the people who are knocking at our doors are fleeing persecution, they
are fleeing wars. they are fleeing fear. and we need to be able to be active enough to say, we have to understand that we need to help these people. >> member of the european parliament, representing malta. thank you very much for joining us tonight. the week began with yet another down day on wall street. when the closing bell rang, the down-jones was off nearly 115 points. stock lost 6% of their value in august, that's the worst in three years. much of the volatility in the u.s. markets has been blamed on china's recent economic struggles, but china is blaming the uncertainty on journalists. nearly 200 people are now under arrest in china being accused of spreading false news about the markets. >> reporter: on state tv this journalist confesses his guilt.
his crime to report that the government was planning to end its efforts to rescue the market. on that day the shanghai share index suffered one of its biggest falls. >> information can have a big impact, whether it is correct or incorrect, because we're going to be in an extremely volatile market. >> reporter: also publicly disgraced this shock trader, accused of insider trading. china's legal system relies heavily on confessions. in total 197 people have reportedly been punished for spreading rumors about the recent stock market falls, china's devaluing currency, as well as the fatal explosions.
but criticisms over the government's handling of all of this have not featured in china state media, instead it has been focusing on thursday's big military parade, commemorating the 70th anniversary of japan's surrender. preparations have coincided with a tightening of internet restrictions. to sites for our sister network are now blocked. the authorities won't say why. the laws governing the media in china are very vague. and during troubled times like these those regulations are used to block news. in short many people the government fears a free media, because it would undermine its authority. this economy relies on the web for growth, but the rising demand for internet freedom is
now testing the government's control. adrian brown, al jazeera, beijing. >> mr. dietz thank you very much for joining me tonight. it's difficult to tackle all 200 people that have been forced to confess, voluntarily confess, but specifically how would you characterize this confession -- these accusations against him? >> i think it was a confession of convenience on his part. this is nothing more than just a pretty hardworking, pretty well respected economic journalist. he was just a regular reporter, and the reporting that he did was critical of the situation of china's stock market situation, and it preceded some of the
turmoil by -- by a week or so, but to say that he caused the economic crisis that we're seeing -- >> you don't find that credible? >> no, actually it's ludicrous. i think what is being done here is the messenger is being shot, instead of this problem being dealt with. >> a couple of years ago chinese authorities introduced the possibility of a three-year sentence for spreading rumors. has that been practiced in the last few years? >> it has to some extent. it is not always just journ aileses. surprisingly china has a very, very active social media network. and on those social media platforms, you get a tremendous amount of information going back and forth. and unlike the regular internet and websites, china is struggling to keep up with all of that activity.
and frankly, they are not doing a very good job. people are hauled in, and given sentences, but nothing like three years. they are usually more disciplinary warnings and those sort of things that come down. but the fact is that there is this potential three-year sentence hanging over your head if you decide to say something that the government considers a rumor. >> do you think the average chinese citizen is afraid to say something out of line? >> it's remarkable that they are not. [ laughter ] >> most chinese are like most people on the internet, they are involved with sports or entertainment or something like that or gossip, but those who do take it seriously are very frank, and frankly if the government were to start to go after every person who spoke their mind on internet, they would fill up their jails within the first 12 hours. there is a willingness to talk
and discuss. people are aware that they are being monitored, and they know there is a risk involved, but to a large extend there's a tremendous amount of information flowing back and forth. not always of the best quality, though. >> i know [ inaudible ] has called for the release of this journalist. has china said anything? >> no, china doesn't respond to us. we have been taking them on for years and years and years, and they have just rejected any involvement with us. i was able to get in and out of china since the 2008 olympics, and i haven't been able to get back in since then. china is a powerful emerging nation, and they are not going to listen to criticism anymore than the united states would listen -- >> or anymore than egypt is listening. >> point well made. >> thank you. >> richelle thank you so much.
in turkey two british journalists and a translator have been charged with aiding a terrorist organization. they were detained last week while on an assignment covering recent clashes. police reportedly interrogated the two about working on behalf of isil, a charge vice news calls baseless and false. and al jazeera journalists, mohammed fahmy, and baher mohamed are back in a egyptian prison today. their colleague, peter greste risks being extradited to egypt. they were charged for reporting false news. >> if i were a canadian citizen, i would want to see my prime minister now showing leadership on the global stage.
i would want to see him reaching out personally to president sisi. maybe we don't know the content of a call for meeting, but i think that level of engagement should be taking place. >> reporter: saturday's verdict is the latest development in a case that has drugged on since december 2013, when the journalists were first detained. a political activist told al jazeera that saturday's sentences are just a small example of egypt's hostility towards press freedom. >> the egyptian regime continues to face no real consequences for its escalating repressions. you have 80-plus journalists in egypt, and the aj staff are just a representation of that. you have over 40,000 political detainees, and the judiciary system and the rule of law is used as a facade to legitimize
the -- the current regime's repression. >> the journalists are hoping to be pardoned by president al-sisi. al jazeera rejects the charges and demandings their release. president obama just renamed north america's tallest peak, restoring its age-old traditional name. that's not sitting so well for some in congress. plus the competition for the biggest bellies takes the cake, .
flooding in eastern russia, has left more than a dozen creatures stranded in their cages. several have already drowned, including at least one of the bears. zoo workers have been trying to feed the trapped animals who they say are suffering from cold and exhaustion. in northwestern spain about 5,000 acres have been destroyed by a wildfire that began sunday. hundreds of firefighters have been trying to control the flames. they have been challenged by strong winds and extreme heat. one home has been destroyed, several more have had to be evacuated. spain has been battling
thousands this year. higher than average temperatures are partially to blame. president obama is in alaska as part of a three-day trip focused on climate change. he will visit alaska's shrinking glaciers and meet with native alaskans to talk about climate change. as part of the trip, the president has renamed mount mckinley to denali. >> denali is the mountain's traditional name. and this is something that it intive alaskans have been pushing for decades. president obama has done it, but it is not sitting well with some members of congress. william mckinley never visited
alaska, but back in 1986 heard mckinley had just become the republican nominee for president. and decided to name the highest peak on the continent after him. in 1917, 16 years after he was assassinated the government formally recognized the game mount mckinley. but it already has a name. >> for generations alaskans have known this mountain as the great one. today we are able to officially recognize the mountain as danaally. i would like to thank the president for working with us to achieve this significant change. >> reporter: but not everyone is thanking president obama, especially not politicians from mckinley's home state of ohio. ohio senator rob portman said mckinley was a proud ohioan and
the mown was named after him as a way to remember his rich legacy after his assassination. joan boehner also from ohio said the name is a testament to mckinley's legacy as a soldier and politician. he served with distinction in the army. i'm deeply disappointed to this decision. the department of interior said it meant no disresuspect to the president, but the move to change the name was the wish of the alaska public. the area around it has been named denali national park and preserve. in 2008, then candidate obama vowed to improve relations between the native americans and the federal government. president obama is expanding government support for native
groups in alaska including a program to improve an arctic way of life. it was quite a scene when president obama touched down in alaska today, a 94-year-old native alaska woman wearing beaded moose hide boots and gloves broke into song at the sight of the president. she said she was singing him the denali song. and richelle the white house says it is going to try to find an appropriate way to honor president mckinley. the state department is respected to release the last batch of hillary clinton's emails tonight. about 7,000 pages will be made public. 150 of those emails are censored because they contain information that has now been deemed classified. okay, for a look at what is coming up at the top of the
hour, john siegenthaler is here. coming up the growing anger of the shooting of the deputy in texas. why the shooting has triggered a national reaction. human tragedy, political emergency, what european leaders want to accomplish in september, as thousands of refugees try to escape war, poverty every day. >> it is too late, because until the 14th of september we will see more tragedies unfolding before our eyes. this is not the first time we're speaking about these tragedies. it is being repeated over and over again. >> president obama stoet speak in alaska tonight. the topic climate change. what he is expected to say, the growing race between superpowers to get their hands on the arctic's energy resources. those stories and a lot more coming up in about six minutes.
>> thank you, john. the two sides in profootball's so-called deflate-gate scandal did not reach an agreement today. the judge summoned both sides for today's hearing. no settlement means the judge will now decide whether brady must serve a four-game suspension. the pate reanothers begin their season on september 10th. for hundreds of years human tigers have taken the streets to mark the end of the annual harvest festival. participants haven't lost their enthusiasm, but a lack of help have left some to wonder how long the tradition will still exist. >> reporter: the painting starting early in the morn. teams will be judged by the body
art, dance moves and the size of their bellies. though his small frame won't be getting many points, this 75 year old, has experience on his side. he has been bearing his stripes since 1956 and says competition was fiercer in the past. >> translator: before there were more tigers, but now it has shrunk to just eight teams. the painting and the makeup was also different in those days. it was nicer. had a different smell. >> reporter: to save money, some teams have resorted to using house paint instead of traditional organic powders and dyes. and due to rising costs, many groups have dropped out despite a grant from the indian government that covers half of their experiences. >> translator: i think the government should be sup poring it with more funding.
they must include it in the yearly budget to keep this art form alive. >> reporter: but mid-afternoon the troops take to the street. each troop has up to 51 human tigers, backed by dozens of drummer ts and a parade float. the origin goes back more than 200 years, started by the region's king. until recently it was mostly men who attended this event. you won't see very many women and children in the crowds. but that has changed over the past few years with the government promoting this as a grand finale for the harvest festival and major tourist attraction. and it's working. thousands have come to watch the show. >> it's crazy. i like it. >> reporter: there is no question the popularity of this once obscure festival is