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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 1, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EDT

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anger in hungary, as refugees are stopped from boarding trains with europe facing the largest movement of people since world war ii. and hundreds more people are rescued from the mediterranean, new figures reveal the scale of the refugee crisis. ♪ hello there, i'm barbara sarah, you are watching al jazeera live from london, also coming up in the next 30 minutes. more protests against the government in lebanon as demonstrators occupy the environment ministry.
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sexual abuse, self harm, and even torture. the allegations being leveled at australia's refugee prison. ♪ and a dissident gambian rapper going viral in senegal. ♪ all economic migrants arriving in hungary will be sent back to the country from which they arrived according to hungry's foreign minister. the main railway station in budapest has been closed to stop refugees from traveling on to austria and germany. hundreds are there, though, and they are demanding that police let them board trains so they can leave hungary. security forces have been blocking the entrance to the station. and this as the number of refugees trying to reach the
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european union continues to search. at least four people were found dead in the mediterranean sea. the international organization for migration estimates nearly a quarter of a million people have landed in greece in the year to september. italy has seen more than 110,000 rivals. those record numbers are showing no signs of easing. emma hayward has more on the situation in budapest. >> reporter: they are stuck for now, but clear about where they want to go. >> germany! germany! >> reporter: hundreds of refugees stopped from entering budapest railway station and taking the train to other parts of europe. >> our requests are very, very simple, just we need -- just relief. just to pass hungary. we need nothing from the hungarian government. what does she want from us? >> reporter: hungary wants to
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try to enforce e.u. rules which says that people should seek asylum in the first country that get to. hundreds of people on the serbian side are still waiting to make their way across. just as tens of thousands have done before them so far this year. at this temporary shelter, there's a chance to rest and reflect. and plan the next part of the journey. some here have germany in their sights. >> translator: i assume germany could take in about one to one and a half mill syrians, but only under the condition that they get jobs, because we don't want to be a burden. >> reporter: and many refugees have been arriving in germany by train every day, but europe on the whole is still struggling to come up with a coordinated response to this unprecedented crisis. >> translator: regarding the arrival of syrian refugees, quite honestly i see
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no -- responsibility on germany's part. it should come as no surprise given the situation in syria, and this should be seen in all of the other e.u. countries. of course we observe applicable law, except that we see in every day situations that applicable law is not applied. >> reporter: for now, then at least these people are in the hands of each country they pass through. and let us take you straight live now to budapest outside of the train station. there are hundreds gathered there, demanding that the authorities let them board. they want to go on to other pars of western europe, mainly germany. however, all rail -- the trains have been stopped at the station to stop people from gathering there. andrew simmons sent us a report
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from outside of the station just in the past hour. >> reporter: ever since this station closed early on tuesday morning, these people are being vocal and demonstrating with all of their might, peaceful all the way, but they are calling that they want to go to germany. they want the right to get on trains. that was the case on monday. what has changed in between? that's what they want to know. as far as the government is concerned they say all of these people are traveling in a zone in europe and they have to have visas and their passports, but why were aallowed to board trains on monday. the government says they were clearing the area. and now the concern is since people are refusing to leave this area, what is going to happen to them? there is concern that they may be moved to transit camps elsewhere in the city, or
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possibly elsewhere in the country. a lot of concern about that. no one is really sure what is going to happen next. ♪ let's go to ukraine now where two more soldiers have died from the injuries they sustained during a grenade explosion outside of parliament. the president has paid tribute to one soldier killed in the blast on monday. 140 people were hospitalized after the grenade and smoke bombs were thrown by protesters. it happened as ukraine's lawmakers were debating amendments to the constitution that would allow greater self governance to rebel-held areas in the east. the president has defended the constitutional reforms and condemned the violence. >> translator: what would happen if the parliament did not vote for constitutional amendments? the fate of a pro-ukrainian international coalition will be
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significantly undermined the grim picture of having ukraine struggling against the aggressor alone would become a real threat. >> this is being interpreted in keefe as basically an extension of the war from the east to the capitol in an attempt to create, if you like, a picture of civil war within the country, which in fact isn't really -- i mean it's not a reality, but it's being done very nicely for an external press. i think one of the issues of the minsk agreement -- well, one of the concessions that the president went for was a change in the constitution, which was highly controversial internally within the country, because it's very strange to have a constitution that will be dictated to you by external
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powers. but ukraine can't fight russia. russia has the second largest military in the world. we have to accept the dictate of brussels and washington, and berlin, they are making an attempt to appease putin, but when you have an aggressor that is hell bent on war, it's difficult to find a compromised position. >> police have forcibly remove prod testers who occupied beirut's environment ministry. dozens of protesters occupied the ministry, they are demand that the minister resign over the ongoing garbage crisis. there have been mass demonstrations over piles of rubbish that haven't been cleared from the streets. the protests are also being fuelled by corruption in the government and the failure to provide basic services. our correspondent joins us live
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from beirut, we have just seen protesters being removed from the ministry, at least some of them, tell us a little bit about what happened. >> reporter: well, barbara, after maybe a standoff that has lasted for about five to six hours, security forces essentially forcibly -- as you say forcibly removed those protesters, roughly between 30 to 40 anti-government protesters had gathered inside the building behind me in what was a peaceful sit-in to demand the resignation of the minister over this garbage crisis. the police had asked them to leave. they said they weren't going to leave until the minister resigned. that obviously hasn't happened and therefore the police started forcibly removing them. we saw at least two people being taken out on stretchers.
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i'm going to bring in one of the protesters who was upstairs, you are also one of the organizers from the youstink campaign. i want you to give me a bit more detail on how the police dealt with you upstairs? >> okay. as you know, we came to this building in a peaceful protest demanding the resignation of the minister. the police officers came, they asked the media to get out. and when the media refused, they cut the chord, and then they forcibly removed us. we refused to cooperate in a non-violent fashion. so they broke us apart, and from my side of the hall most of the hitting happened down on the stairs, as we were going down the stairs. they pushed us with -- like with batons and with their legs basically. >> reporter: now that you have been removed, what is the next step as the movement -- as youstink, as the protesters, you had given the government 72
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hours from now, saturday, to meet your demands, they haven't yet, how do you plan on escalating? >> we will continue escalating with all of the non-violent tools that we used and will continue using. a specific event, we will speak to the media as a decision is taken. now we would like to ask all of our supporters to keep any protests -- keep it non-violent. our struggle is a non-violent peaceful struggle against this government and specifically this minister. >> are you not afraid that despite the fact that you say you continue to use non-violent process security forces haven't shied away at least from forcibly achieving what they want? >> we in any case hold the government and the security forces responsible for any act of violence. the situation in the country is in a deadlock. you can't keep rubbish in the
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streets for like a month and a half with no sustainable solution, which is a big corruption problem. the ton of garbage in lebanon is the highest it costs in the world. we want to start a new political statement, you know, a new political discourse in lebanon, based on responsibility. if you are a minister in the government, you have to act upon your responsibility. that's our message. for the time being our demands are clear. we want the resignation of the minister of the environment. we also want all security forces held accountable for the violent acts today and in the past days. >> reporter: thank you very enough. >> thank you. >> reporter: barbara that is one of the main messages of these protesters, obviously aside from their demands for the resignation of the ministers, and the contractibility, one of the main demands or chants have been to maintain peaceful protests and to maintain the
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peaceful nature to their demonstrations. however, lebanon is a very polarized society and has always been because of the sectarian makeup of it and the strong parties and affiliations, and that's what can trigger things to become very violent indeed, as we have seen not only today but in recent weeks as well, barbara. >> jamal reporting live, thank you. australia's treatment of asylum seekers has been criticized by a parliament report detailing allegations of abuse. it is calling for children to be removed from the prison. it's one of the off-shore centers australia's government pace for, instead of allowing refugees on to its soil. >> reporter: three years ago al jazeera filmed what would become nauru's detention center as
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australia's army built it. but since detainees have been held here, the media has not been allowed in. in that secrecy is one thing the report into conditions on nauru says should change because whether secrecy there can be abuse. the report details some of what is alleged self harm by abuse, even water boarding, though the credibility of the former guard making that accusation was questioned at the inquiry. >> no, i have not personally witnessed the actual event, but i have witnessed what i firmly believe to be the actions after. >> so you have seen people with water on them come from a building? >> and -- and water coming out of their mouth, coughing up water. >> right. okay. >> reporter: the report says conditions at the prison are not adequate, appropriate, or safe. it calls for a full order to the
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allegations of abuse. >> there are 67 allegations of both physical and sexual abuse against children and that includes 30 concerns detention center staff. >> reporter: the report's recommendations include faster processing of refugee claims and the removal of children from the prison. >> the minister has acknowledged this morning for the first time that things are not okay inside the nauru detention camp, and -- but talk is cheap. the minister needs to act. >> reporter: australia's government admits that sending detain east to camps is tough, but it works. boats like these have stopped coming to australia. but the policy is attracting international criticism. >> the united nations has said what is going on at nauru is tantamount to torture. >> it is brutal, but it is seen as a deter rens and a lot of
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european governments are looking at australia's model. >> reporter: nauru is tiny, a dot in the pacific, the millions it is given to host what is effect an australian prison is a sizable part of the economy. but it is kept hidden. just to apply for a visa journalists have to pay $6,000 with no guarantee of getting one or no access to getting one even if they do. but in such a dark place, it's clear dark things are happening. al jazeera did ask the australian government for an interview, but we were told that the minister was not available. still lots more to come on the program, including how the war in yemen could be leaving more than half of the country's children malnourished.
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>> follow correspondent roxana saberi on a personal journey. >> this is the first time in 20 years i've been back to my
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mother's homeland. >> a special in-depth look at japan. the legacy of the atomic bomb. controversial american military bases. and the country's evolving identity. ♪ now a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. hungry's foreign minister says all the refugees arriving in the country will be sent back to where they just travelled from. authorities have closed the main train station to stop refugees from traveling onward to austria and germany. police have forcibly remove prod testers who had occupied beirut's environment ministry. the protesters from the youstink movement are demanding that he minister resign because of the country's ongoing garbage
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crisis. and children should be removed from a prison on the island of nauru after allegations of abuse. doctors in yemen are warning of the devastating impact the war is having on children. they estimate that up to 60% of the children in the country are malnourished. victoria gatenby reports. father places his baby on scales at this medical center in yemen's capitol, sana'a. doctors are running a screening program to monitor malnourished children. more children are in poor health because they can't get enough nutritious food to eat. >> translator: mall nutrition was widespread in yemen, but there has been a big increase because of the siege and air strikes. now it's more than 50 or 60% that are malnourishemalnourishe.
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>> reporter: the children are prescribed vitamin supplements, but supplies are low. >> translator: our children are facing famine, we can't sit back and do nothing. we call on the united nations to look at the children who are innocent, and shouldn't be experiencing mall nutrition like this. look at the children's fear and the anxiety we are all facing. >> reporter: people in yemen are suffering from severe food and water shortages. relative calm has returned to cities like aden where forces pushed out houthi rebels last month. but in sana'a, a houthi strong hold, the fighting continues, and until it stops, the healthcare system won't likely recover from months of war. israel has demoll initialled the home of the senior commander of islamic jihad. there was a shootout between
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israeli forces and the armed group after dozens of army vehicles turned up at his house in the occupied west bank. several fighters were arrested and dozens others were injured. iraq's military says isil has launched a series of suicide attacks in anbar province. 12 soldiers and militiamen were killed after a mortar assault, two suicide bombers blew themselves up near troops. iraq's prime minister is continuing to face strong opposition as its tries to implement a new reform program. he announced the changes after massive protests over government corruption and the lack of infrastructure. zana hoda has more now from baghdad. >> translator: this is why people began to take to the streets, the shortage of electricity and extreme heat was
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the breaking point for many iraqis. this sector has been warn down by years of war. the government of the prime minister promised to take action. the electricity minister was questioned in parliament. he blamed former ministers for not investing enough to development the distribution network. parliament was satisfied with his answers, but it caused yet more anger on the streets. >> translator: it seems parliament isn't taking people seriously. it's making people even angrier. >> reporter: some of the members of parliament who backed the minister were from abadi's block in parliament. the alliance is headed by former prime minister maliki who himself has been accused of corruption. he leads the biggest block in parliament. >> translator: the state of law is not united. they are against each other. abadi was relying on the leader
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of the sunni block, and shia leaders, but they are all standing against him. he is fighting for reforms alone with the backing of the street and the highest shia religious authority. >> reporter: the protesters have not chanted slogans against abadi. they have been protesting every friday for weeks now to give him support to bring about change. at first they demanded better services, now many are demanding for corrupt officials to be held accountable, and an independent judiciary, they want to reform a political system where appointments were made according to power disattributed akrong sects. it's a call to end sectarian politics. but little has changed. to meet their demands the prime minister needs the support of the political establishment, but the same politicians who publicly backed the people seem to be standing in his way.
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>> translator: parliament members are covering up for each other, they are afraid if one minister is fired others will also be dismissed. and the parties will lose their power. >> reporter: this crisis is testing abadi's credibility and his political career could be at steak. and if he goes there are powerful leaders who are ready to step in. the united nations special representative on freedom of expression has condemned the sentences passed by a cairo court passed on three al jazeera journalists. he says the journalists detention and subsequent trials have been inconsistent with international human rights laws from the start. a retrial found them guilty of
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disseminating false information and working without a license. al jazeera denies the charges and demands their immediate release. thai police say that they have arrested one of the main suspects in connection with the bangkok bombing. arrested in an area bordering cambodia, police allege this man is one of the men who delivered the bomb. police say they are now conducting dna tests on the suspect to see whether he is the actual bomber. a christian official in the u.s. state of kentucky has refused to give marriage licenses to gay couples. kim davis says granting the licenses would violate her religious beliefs. human rights including freedom of expression are under attack in gambia, the government has refused to implement
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recommendations put forward by the u.n. back in march. and artists and performers are being forced. >> reporter: it's a song gambian radios won't put on air. ♪ >> reporter: and yet it is going viral, spreading online throughout the country. the lyrics denounces gambia's lack of freedom of speech and rampant corruption. >> after being fed up and seeing my people be quiet and not being able to speak out against police brutality, not being able to speak out against corruption, against people going missing for no reason, not being able to speak out about the level of hardship in this country, as a rapper i really believe i'm the voice of the people, and being a voice of the people i have this responsibility which is on me to actually speak out against what is going on. >> reporter: behind these lyrics
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young rapper killer ace. he grew up in new york. after being involved in gang violence, his family sent him back to gambia. there he saw what he calls the biggest gangster of all. the president. human rights organizations have accused him of being a ruthless dictator. the threatened to slit the throats of all homosexuals. this is when killer ace released his song, although the song wasn't officially banned, his family started getting threats with his wife, daughter, and manager, he fled the country by road to senegal. >> looking at what happened to other people such as journalists who went missing, nobody knows where they are at for a long time, or getting tortured, my song is probably bigger than what anybody else ever did, i believe my situation would be even worse.
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i believe they would have used me as an example. >> reporter: thousands have made senegal their home, but here too they fear the gambian security services. we have spoken to a number of artists and social activists, none of them would speak to us on camera. too scare of the repercussions it would have on their families back home. gambian officials have still not given al jazeera the right to report in the country. the country received 60,000 british nationals on holiday last year. >> people don't know about this sense of fear. you can feel it. you can touch it when you are in gambia. people are really scared about talking. people are scared about thinking different about what the government is saying. it is this kind of fear that is everywhere. >> away from gambia and no
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longer afraid. rapper ace is looking for a safe place to express himself. hiding in senegal, ace has not lost hope, determined more than ever to make his music heard. nicklas hawk, al jazeera, senegal. more on the website, ♪ a kentucky clerk again refuses to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples. she's now being summoned to a hearing with a federal judge. critics are responding to the latest release of emails from hillary clinton's private server, dozens contained information that has now been found to be confidential. and protesters in the streets of budapest afterol


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