tv Weekend News Al Jazeera September 5, 2015 3:00am-3:31am EDT
refugee crisis. and in ethiopia, four and a half million people could need food aid. so austria has opened its border to refugees. more than 2,000 people have already crossed over from hungary after as we've seen over the last few days and you see in these pictures of the very austria, this morning, a very difficult journey it has been. mohammed jamjoom tell me more what you've seen mohammed. >> well, ca kamal, we have seen empty buses several of them coming back from the border, they have carried thousands of refugees there that have since crossed over into austria last couple of hours and we are expecting even more refugees will be arriving at the border, possibly within the next hour or
two. dozens of more buses have picked up refugees from the main train station in budapest and they will be heading over and taking the refugees over to austria very soon. we expect to be encountering them in the next 30 to 40 minutes. this has been a very sad couple of days for many refugees. i'm in contact with several of them. they are worried what's going to happen now, even though it's crossed over into austria, they said they suffered so much inside hungary and they are hoping their journey will be safer and easier from here on out, kamal. >> some level of determination suspect it mohammed to have made the journey already, a desperate journey as we call it and then to get on foot to the border itself.
the determination is quite extraordinary. >> it certainly is. the determination, the resilience it takes so much willpower to try to take on this kind of a journey. and i've heard so much desperation from these folks over the last few days. i encountered at the train station just a few days ago, a man from idlib, syria told me had escaped on many occasions escaped barrel bombs from syria and he finally got out of syria with his life intact. if he knew what he would have had to face in hungary he wouldn't have left. just how difficult, how miserable the conditions have been for so many of these people on this journey. don't know what is going to happen to them next. >> one other point i'd like you to expand on mohammed is what's happening elsewhere, a camp called i believe it is roshke where the welcome has not been.
>> bicske a town close to hungary, several folks hundreds of them had escaped a facility to try to process the refugees. they were then surrounded by authorities, taken back, made the demands, said their demands weren't met they would try escape. what we are told this morning is some of the tents were set on fire, that there are riots going on, potentially that there could be clashes so we're trying to find out more about exactly what is going on there. we'll get you those in the hours ahead but it underscores how the situation is far from over, despite the fact that there are buses shuttling these desperate
refugees to the border and thousands are crossing over into austria, there still remain many here. as far as the train station where we were at yesterday in bicske, we're trying to find out where those refugees are now. >> okay talk to you later mohammed jamjoom near the austria hungary border on the line. to go back to the point we were making about the refugees who have made their way to the border and crossing over to austria andrew simmons went on that journey with them. take a look at his report. >> budapest railway station behind has taken the hungarian authorities behind particularly the police. this march is bigger than anyone expected. it may seem far fetched to think they could reach the austrian
border by foot, it is more than 170 kilometers away. but they are determined. >> we are going to walk to germany. >> it's a long way. >> it's a long way but we have no choice. >> on to the motor way west, the mood is remarkable for people under such stress but some of the refugees say they're worried the police could be moving them into a trap like the train to bicske. the majority are syrian and hundreds of people keeping up with the groups. disabled people are taking part too. you could be forgiven for thinking this is something of a marathon not the gri desperate flight of women and children. hungarian citizens donating food
water and biscuits. united nations high commissioner for refugees is worried the officers will stop the refugees. >> i hope they will reach what they want but this is a long, long journey so this is still more than 150 kilometers to the border. >> on the day hungary approved draconian legislation to halt the flow of refugees they carried onen into th on into th. belief there is better life on the road ahead. then the offer of buses to take them to a border town. within minutes they've arrived. they've wanted to walk on but they're exhausted and the offer of these buses and the insurances they have been given seem they think good enough to get on board.
next came news that the austrian chancellor had agreed to allow refugees from both here and the station in budapest to cross the border. a deal had been made but after past experience many people didn't trust awhat they were hearing. but it does appear to be for real at last. andrew simmons, al jazeera, hungary. >> so while we see those extraordinary scenes of thousands of people making their way across europe, politicians are meeting in luxembourg to discuss the crisis. permanent quota for refugees. italy's foreign minister says the freedom of movement within the shangen zone could be jeopardized unless there is agreement. jacky rowland, once again we find ourselves with this issue of whether europe can speak with a common voice or not. >> well, clearly, the scenes that we've seen on various of
the entry points to europe, right now in hungary, but also, in greece and in italy, really outline the fact that any idea of any kind of common eu policy on asylum is really in at that timers. there was this rule wrive i whea person had to claim asylum, they had to do so in the first country of entry pfn greece or e or italy. but germany has said it would welcome them. you have to clearly apply for asylum now, the system is broken. but whether or not these mifntseministers can actually an a system is clearly unlikely. the gulf of different positions
of countries, as you mentioned kamal, german, french, common system that can be applied across the eu with the way of sharing out the refugees but also countries of eastern europe, like slovakia or the united kingdom, bearing in mind this issue, it's hard to see the european ministers could come up with an agreement based on that meeting. >> jacky rowland, thank you. hundreds of people in barcelona have asked the spanish government to take in refugees. they have held a candlelight vigil there, and people willing to donate goods for refugees or even help them. for more information on this
story we have a special refugee spotlight page at aljazeera.com. our opinion pieces photo galleries, as i say aljazeera.com in the spotlight section. united arab emirates has declared four days of warning for 45 soldiers killed in yemen. bodies now arriving home, they died outside the capital sanaa. single biggest months of life for gulf soldiers in decades. thousands of demonstrators are in iraq for the sixth successively ofive friday for demand for services. zeina khodr has our report from baghdad. >> just last week this was a space where iraqis spoke with one voice. threw their weight behind a prime minister who promised
reforms. now they have gain impatient. some say haider al-abadi is a weak prime minister. >> let him stay in his party. >> many blamed the head of the party nouri al-maliki who was head of the party for eight years. powerful figures behind the scenes, preventing abadi from taking action against corrupt officials. >> he can't take any political initiative on his own. he needs to make way from pressure from his party. >> people seem to be losing hope. abadi's credibility and political career are at stake. people have started to question his sincerity and whether he is
the person to carry out reforms. abadi has acted on some of his propositions. he reduced the number of seats in government. he reduced the budget for personal security for security officials. apart from that little has changed. that's why the slogan for this friday's message was for abadi. we assigned the task to you but you failed. political backers who are in positions of power are the legitimate leaders. >> this is the last chance for abadi. he can't give us tranquilizers and expect us to remain silent. if he is the son of iraq he must join the party of people. >> treasury squaretahrir squarea struggle for power begins.
quota system for each country. and in other news the united arab emirates has declared three days of mourning for 45 soldiers killed in yemen. they died in maribe outside the capital sanaa. houthi rebels fired a rocket at the military base. $16 billion of aid. that is how much donor countries pledged to rebuild afghanistan but there were conditions. and donors are now meeting in kabul to decide whether they've actually been met. surprisingly afghanistan's government say they've passed like a scorecard a priority for donor countries. it gives itself a b minus. one of the biggest challenges, it's a. has it involved, it's another b
plus. jennifer glasse who is in kabul, by that scorecard jennifer they've done very well. can you tell us how they came up with those grades? >> reporter: that's right, kamal. this is what they call their first mile report on the road to self reliance. what they promised at the london conference last december against what they've done. now it's almost a year old and basically the government listed its accomplishments. from the area of corruption, it has gone after the kabul bank scandal and recovered over $288 million in that area. it gave itself an a, had a lot of regional meetings and feel they have a lot of agreement with regional countries to develop. the whole idea here kamal is
afghanistan wants to change its relationship with the international world to becoming self reliant. improving the country it feels it's made some progress and on the right track. >> presumably jennifer the donor countries will have a right to answer, because that's high grades for the afghan government to give themselves. >> there's 60 representatives here from donor countries and aid organizations. of course they each track their own projects and they will of course have right of reply. they will be able to look at what the afghan government claims to have done and measure against it. the afghan government would like to change the way it deals with other governments, rather than projects they say that haven't
worked for the afghan government, they recognize that corruption remains a huge stumbling block moving forward. the opportunity for the afghan government to show where it's been, this national unity e-unite governmengovernment want it's done with that. >> a drought in northern ethiopia means four and a half million people could need food aid as agriculture generates half the country's income. this from charles stratford. >> this year he and many farmers
across northern ethiopia. >> we are having to sell our cows to buy food but the cows are sick because they don't have enough to eat. the only chance we have is selling belongings to keep our families alive. >> villages say a foreign aid organization built the well in the 1990s. it broke down around six months ago and people say no one in the village knows how to repair it. ethiopia is heavily dependent on farmers like bellcha. over 3 quarters of the population are farmers. bellcha grows corn and wheat on his five and a half hectares of property. he provided enough food for his family and pocket around $3,000. this year he will get virtually nothing. i walked through bellllcha's
maize. if you look down at this plant, look at the size of this could be. now this by now should be around about a foot long. these plants are dying. and experts say it doesn't matter how much it rains between now and the end of the season. there's nothing that can be done to save them. meteorologists are relying on a system that originates thousands of miles away in the pacific ocean, el nino. dry tradewinds have resulted. they warned the government, experts say. >> in the temporal distribution of rainfall june to september is very low as compared to past el nino events. >> the government says it's allocated $35 million to deal with the crisis. the united nations says the
drought could leave 4.5 million people needing food aid this year. >> when we were informed about the problem the federal government and the regional state authorities started a program for the affected people. at this moment we have enough surplus food at emergency depots and we are distributing it. >> most people in ethiopia survive on $1.25 a day. they'll need help from foreign donors in order to survive. charles stratford, al jazeera, zwa. >> japan uses a provision which allows whales to be killed for scientific purposes. this year it plans to take up to 51 minkie whales.
japan has always used the scientific provision as a front for commercial purposes. >> the problem that we have is, they have killed a lot of whales under the scientific program but i haven't used that science in a way that actually improves our understanding of whether or not the fishery is going to be sustainable. so they've got a lot of data which they haven't used to actually justify why they've been killing them in the first place. japan's the only country that does this with the rational it's for scientific purposes. there is whaling by other countries, from inuit groups, no one else does whaling except iceland. they are whaling either the indigenous traditional harvest or as commercial whaling which
is what norway does. and they use the advice process, and when the iwc first put the moratorium in place they said they would like to do it on the scientific based and that's where they've falling flat really. >> thailand council for reconciliation is set to vote on a new constitution. if it passes there will be a referendum on it next year. more from veronica pedrosa. >> a new draft constitution backed by the military government without consultation from political parties or the public is to be delivered to a military formed body called the national reform council. if the nrc approves the charter a referendum will be held facing way for general elections next year that could herald the end of military rule. >> if they think things will get out of control, the military
government play send the signal to the nrc government asking it to step down. it could stay on for another six months. >> since the military coup last year, the dissent lean hasn't ge unnoticed. >> pointed drafting of a constitution. minority say it's a constitution not majority of the people. >> translator: the government is already open for public pine. this mean public already participate in this charter. we already have our say in the change in our country. >> reporter: civil society organization ilaw had started a website that aims to have people voice their opinion on the constitution and charter issues. >> when people are aware of their rights you can't take it
away again. this is what's happening, the atmosphere of pressure will cause so much concern in the people in the long run. >> only 2,000 people have responded to ilaw, thailand had hoped for 50,000. veronica pedrosa, al jazeera, bangkok. >> one of the most important archaeological sites empty. >> one of the new seven wonders in the world. horses that should be pulling carriages are standing idle during the peak of the season. the narrow gorge used to be bustling with touriveses, walking down to the city's most elaborate attraction.
based on a misperception that jordan isn't safe. >> we're a bit weary when we left northern ireland. we did a bit of research, everything was positive, absolutely no one was saying anything detrimental about this country. since we've been here we've had nothing but welcoming people everywhere and absolutely no hassle. >> the start of the arab spring plummeted after jordan led the u.s. coalition against i.s.i.l. this area and front of the treasury was usually packed fo h tourists. the number of tourists visiting petra has dropped 80%. the la last year has been the worst with as little as 40
tourists visiting the ruins per day. >> i used to make more than $400 a day in camel rides. now if i'm lucky, i make around $30 and that's enough to feed and look after my camel. >> blaming on adviso advisoris t discourage traveling abroad. >> our campaign is going to be conducted internationally, we're looking at you know, the least sensitive markets for us and the largest markets for us, that you start working on to make sure that traffic start coming back from these markets sooner than later. >> in petra city ten hotels have been forced to shut down and 1800 hotel employees have been laid off over the last year. but many hope the beauty and
safety of petra back again. al jazeera. >> keep you up to date with breaking news, on aljazeera.com. our team updating 24 hours a day, all at al jazeera. aljazeera.com. trafficking of children as sex workers. it's a crime people think happens somewhere else but it's happening here in the united states. we bring you the story of a 15-year-old girl sold online for sex hundreds of times. the website that listed her for sale. mary snow has the story. >> did everything as kids and