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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  September 5, 2015 7:00am-7:31am EDT

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the courage displayed in the long queues at the border as thousands of refugees cross over from hungry into ^ below long queues at the border as thousands of refugees cross over from hungry into austria hello from doha. this is the world news from al jazeera. we'll have more on the refugee crisis as europe's leaders meet to discuss the response to the refugee crisis. a model of national unity. a corner of iraq where a local tribe stood up to i.s.i.l. and is being included in the fights japanese comics, or manga cartoons are encouraging the
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young to read - in senegal. so we begin this newshour with the refugee crisis, which is sweeping. a news conference is under way in luxembourg. where e.u. foreign ministers are meeting. freeder eko leon is speaking now. >> on the border, and to show him all our support and solidarity. it is becoming every day clear to all of us that this is not something that is affecting or is going to affect one or the other member state. but all of us. if you months ago this was an issue only italy or malta or spain or greece were raising.
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today, it's mainly focused on member states - greece, hungary, austria, germany, could turn to other member states in the future. i hope finally, finally, we all realise that these people are coming to europe. they are not coming to one or other of the states. they are coming to europe. and it took us collectively, unfortunately, some months to realise that. maybe that awareness is there finally. let me say it was important today to discuss the issue with the candidate countries that, by the way those en route. this is an issue that concerns not only all the european union states, but as a whole, the
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continent. it's a regional crisis and a global crisis. that is why we discuss on a daily basis with the u.n., and the u.n. starting from the u.n.h.c.r., talking about the candidate countries on the same boat, dealing with the crisis. it reminds us that we have to cooperate more and work together but an end game among us. among us europeans being member states, institutions, we are facing a dramatic event. it's an urgency. it is not something that starts that day, and finishes that day. it is here to stay, and the sooner we accept it, accept it
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psychologically and politically, the sooner we will be able to respond in an effective way, and manage in an effective way. so the time for blame games is over. it's time for taking positions. turning the nations into actions and going if united, as europeans. only in this way we will have the possibilities to face this issue, this urgency. this dramatic event, keeping faith to our european values that are the values of respected human rights and solidarity. >> it was important to discuss it with candidate countries, also because out of history, when it comes to the balkans core turkey, and i think in this
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dramatic ta or weeks, we europeans have to keep in mind the history of our continent. we know what it is. war, conflict and facing the situation that forces to flee. as mentioned. we are talking here of a flow of people that in this. this is represented mainly by syrians, afghans, eritreans and middle east. we are not talking about emigration and economic migration flow. in majority, we are talking about a moral and legal duty. now, we agreed to strengthen our cooperation, not only with the european union, but the candidate countries. on five different levels.
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with very concrete actions, some of them have started already. some of them are going to be further defined in the steps mentioned, in the coming days or weeks. in particular, with the package. that information is going to adopt in this coming week. with a decision that the ministry of interior will have, a week or 10 days from now. we have have a foreign affairs council, a european council for the moment, planned tore october. but obviously we stand ready to have meetings at any time, and we were the one suggesting and posing in the beginning of the perception of this crisis in march. that is exactly here in lux -- luxembourg, if i remember. today we took did you suggests and decisions as ministers.
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there might come a time we need to come together again. the most important thing is to take into consideration the fact that the external site of our actions makes it possible to look for solutions, real ones, to the refugee crisis, but internal decisions, policies that the european union takes tore doesn't take, reinforces or weak edges or credibility in the election. so the link is there on different levels. we say that there's a bid to expand five different elements. first of all, ensured protection to those in the international protection. and they are entitled to the status of refugees. second match borders, in respect of values and human rights.
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and third, against smugglers and traffickers networks. this is something they have been working a lot. we launched an operation in the mediterranean to fight the traffickers and smugglers. and as i did with the defence ministers the day before yesterday, again today, i shared with the foreign minister, a suggestion of phase two. allowing it to operate. to fight traffickers and smugglers at sea. and i have a large consensus about that need on the operation. we will need to consider the level of our action against smugglers organizations.
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to strengthen our partnership with third countries, countries of orange in and transit. here, working on the written and return agreement. but not only. we know very well that it's very important for the partners, especially in africa and the middle east, to work together with us on economic developments, opportunities for growth and jobs, for especially the young people. and we have started to work on the direction in concrete ways when we met the foreign ministers of the g 5 countries, and a visit to tunisia soon, in the coming weeks, towards them in this direction. as you know, it's one of the main transit countries on the mediterranean route. and we have also shared with the ministers to establish a trust
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fund for africa. fifth points - that is maybe the most important, even if it's the most long term plan, is our common works on what we call route causes, which in this case is mainly two names. one is libya. when it comes to the southern corridor. and here we have re-expressed all our active support to the last spaces of - hopefully last phases of the negotiations, negotiations to form a national unity government in libya, and let me restress that the european union states, the international community, here we can speak for ourselves. is ready, is ready to support in all possible ways day one, a new government of national unity in libya. to manage all the difficulty challenges that it will have in
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front of itself. and syria. this is why the other issues we had on the agenda today and yesterday are not less relevant than this one. we have to connect the dots. talking about the follow up of the deal. the middle east approach is not in the medium and long run to the issue, so difficult issue that we have been discussing, the refugee crisis, the reason we are facing the major crisis now, that has different features than the ones we have known in the past years is because of the conflict around it, and, in particular, when it comes to conflict in syria, we have to intensify our work, and we are ready to do it as european union, to find a political solution to the conflict, and hopefully the deal we have on
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their nuclear programme last july, could also open the way for a different kind of regional framework that could facilitate steps tore reaching a sol -- steps for reaching a solution to the syrian conflict. let me say a couple of words on the other two points we had on the agenda. one always in the middle east. and, again, not far away from the issue of migration, because we start to see palestinians in the flow of refugees. and we know very well that there's a huge palestinian issue in the region itself. all middle east, we had a long and substantial discussion with the ministers yesterday to prepare our next steps yesterday. i shared with you, those of you that were here already that we have words together with our partner.
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namely with the u.s., and i was speaking with john kerry yesterday about this, and with russia, to prepare a new start, somehow, of the quarters. we will have accorded principles for the minister's meeting together with ban ki-moon later this month. that - at which they will be invited - have been invited already. egypt. jordan, saudi arabia, and the arab league. this is not irrelevant. we have to build partnerships in the region, and our region is also in the mediterranean and the middle east. and making sure that the middle east process engine could be restarted after more money is stolen, is one way of the contributing to better understanding, a better sense of cooperation between europe and
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the middle east. so it is not only a matter of justice, not only a matter of need for peace and stability and security. the middle east conflict, when it comes to israel and palestine is decades long, but an additional relevant, which is the presence of d.a.e.s.h., which should not be underestimated. it's a common interest, even if it's not the issue on the agenda. i'm confident that we could prepare some steps in the coming weeks to restart the process. last but not least, we had a good discussion on our relations with russia. that when it comes to the issue of race. the issue of the middle east,
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the process, the iranian deal, an instructive one. but we should not forget in this framework that our eastern neighbours are facing difficult conditions when it comes to their relations with russia. in some of the cases, first of all when this comes to ukraine, we have restated our strong commitment to support the full implementation of the minsk agreements. our european contribution to that, as you know is the facilitation of the talks, especially those on energy and gas, and the other side on the implementation of the d f.d.a., but we discussed about our relations with our other eastern partners, in particular focussing on development which are obviously very encouraging with prisoners that we have
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witnessed. and development that we are seeing in moldova and other places are and with attentions to other areas. we need to strengthen our work also with our partners in the south-east. and the fact that we have major issues in the east and southern borders as the crisis and many conflicts, should not make us forgets that our eastern partners need support, and we continue to work with them on a daily basis. i stop thank you very much. we will take a few questions before i give you the floor. introduce yourself, and say to
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whom clearly you are asking your question and wait for the mike thank you. it's a question that i would like to address to both of you. [ speaking foreign language ] right, so a news conference there from luxembourg. we were listening to frederica mogger eeny, the foreign policy chief that says we are all facing a dramatic even, i don't say an emergencies, because it's here to stay. we'll bring in our correspondent jacky rowland, also in luxembourg. i'll list the five points for the viewers. the concrete ones, how to better
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protection, managing borders, fighting, strengthening partnerships, current work on route causes. it sounds good. did you hear anything suggesting concrete moves and unified moves in europe? >> well, it's not really the purpose of this meeting to come up with the conflict measures. it's an informed meeting of the e.u. foreign ministers, and the meeting that is due to take place on 14 september is the key one, really. in brussels, bringing together european leaders, and this, in many ways - it's a crisis that has been emerging minutes by minute as refugees are making the tortuous routes across hungary and austria. it's what they have been responding to. we heard more emergency meetings of foreign ministers and
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interior ministers between now and 14 september. within the e.u., there are different areas where people make decisions. there has been a lot of discussions. in terms of looking at concrete policy, we'll look at the meeting on the 14th so see what, in practical terms, the e.u. tends to do to improve the system which at the moment is not working. i mean in recent days and weeks, it shows an urgent need for a change to the e.u. policies in how a person goes about claiming asylum in the european union. >> i know federica mogherini said the time for the blame game is over. is that a reference to, perhaps, the likes of hungary? >> i think it's a reference - it's harking back to something she said before the meeting began on friday.
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she's been urging everyone to calm down, saying it's not the time for hysteria. we have seen a lot of hysterical reporting, seeing a friendsied fear of immigrants. and again, another type of very emotional outpouring in the press following the publication of the iconic photograph of the 3-year-old syrian boy who drowned on a turkish beach. there has been a lot of emotion, a lot of passion. what she is saying is nothing is set in practical terms with all the hysterical discourse. what we need now is to take on responsibilities as european countries, respect european values, and at the same time paying respect as well to the importance of security arrangements within the european union. as said, it's also the object to
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fight people traffickers, fight people smugglers as well. you have to have this - it's a difficult balance between opening the borders to those in need of asylum and protection, while at the same time protecting the borders against the kind of people exploit ght the refugees in need. so it's clearly complex. it's easy for people in the media it play the blame game. and you have to remember that the hungarians were trying to implement existing e.u. policy, which is that the refugees should claim asylum in the first country they arrive in. as we see. it highlights inadequacy of the policy. what they were saying was a time for calm heads to prevail and people to look at practical ways in which the refugees can be protected. and also europe, security can be protected against those seeking
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to exploit those at risk. >> good stuff, jacky rowland live in luxembourg, at the e.u. foreign ministers meeting. let's go to, if you like, the fronted lines of this. on the front line, making his way towards the border crossing between hungry and austria, an update from you, mohammed. >> we are a little less than 2km from the border crossing. traffic is it going slowly. it doesn't appear that the border is completely closed. we are told some cars are getting through, and more refugees are on their way. one of the big developments that we have heard about is that at least three different areas in hungary, refugees set off on foot. heading to the boarder with austria. hundreds of refugees held up
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have left. they showed ideas to hunk air can officials at the holding facilities and started off on foot towards the border with austria. that will be long. the border is 130km to the north. she is telling me that they are worried. there's a lot of children. they don't know if a bus will be deployed. they don't know how long it will take. they are desperate to get out of hungary as quickly as possible. once they get there, getting to germany. >> even though they are concerned about what could happen on the trip. they are buoyed by the fact that - we are looking at the pictures from the border - the fact that people are getting there, they are getting through, and there seems a lot of cooperation. >> it's far more a sense today
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than there was yesterday. they have seen the news, reports, thousands have gotten over into austria, they were concerned that they are getting close. those on food don't know what lies ahead for them. they are trying to get to the border as quickly as possible. germany expects probably around 7,000 refugees to have crossed into austria, and cross to germany today or tomorrow. to bracing for the arrival of thousands of refugees that they expect any time. and we are trying to monitor the various government and refugees making their way on foot towards the border and trying to find out when the border will open to all traffic, and everyone that
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is trying to get into austria to fix it. >> thank you, we'll talk to you, i know, when you make it to the border. mohammed jamjoom on his way to the austria-hungary border it's thought there are 25,000 refugees on the greek island of ley boss. where the poured is crowded. this report from hoda. >> reporter: hundreds, sometimes thousands of refugees arrive on the shore everydau. they arrive in overcrowded boats from turkey, the majority syrians. often entire families are on the mood, distressed and tired. >> i didn't want to leave, but these are my children, who stopped going to school and university. there's no more life. there's no more life. c only fear. we had no choice. >> a few meters away. another boat on the horizon. and another. and one more. this rubber dingy's engine was broken. they were adrift.
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we could hear them scream and shout for help. for a moment, there's an outburst of joy. there's so much anxiety. in a faint voice he says "i'm scared, no one cares about us." >> translation: we have no value any more, we are a commodity. people make money off our back. we are trading commodities. >> reporter: the entire north-east coast of this island looks like this, piles of life jackets discarded by refugees as soon as they touch land. it goes on. for kilometres on end. there's some personal belongings. a little life jacket. one can just imagine the baby on board. here is the rubber dingy they came across with. the first thing the refugees do is they puncture it before they
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are afraid to be sent back to turkey, there's no one here to address the system. so they walk and walk. the camp and registration center is about 40km away. >> i was expecting the police to help out for the first night. we don't have food or water. i never thought my life would turn out this way. there's no other way to reach europe through smuggling, we were obliged to take the route to survive. >> it's too exhausting for this boy and his younger brother. they fled because their parents couldn't guarantee their safety. >> translation: i tell them we are travelling to have a better life. i never thought it would be so hard. had i known, i would have stayed in syria under the bombs. it's less humiliating. now it's too late. >> reporter: no one knows how many refugees are here. the mayor's estimate of 25,000 people. the island cannot cope and has been asking for emergency funding. there's a backlog of people waiting.
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it's a long process. tempers flare. and for the new arrivals, the only option is to wait their turn. while they continue their journey across europe. in japan, people are being allowed back into a town near the fukushima nuclear power plant four years after a disaster there. several thousands had to leave after the tsunami, triggered by a massive earthquake damaged reactors, it caused major radiation leaks from the plant. we talk to a radiation specialist with green piece. he led a study on nuclear contamination levels. he's in brussels. thank you for your patience. staying with us. >> tell me with your study. i guess about what you found out
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about nuclear levels, four years after in the fukushima level. the area where the evacuation is. it's the first area in japan, and there other areas that are decontaminated. one is heavily contaminated in march 2011, 30-40 tms north-west of the damage to the reactors, people were sent late out of that area, evacuated too late. heavily contaminated in 2011, and now the government has a plan to send the people back. you have to visualise, this is mainly a forest area. 80% is forest, they cannot be decontaminated. it is practically impossible.
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only a percentage of territory is contaminated. and people with an outdoor life in that area are pushed and forced back, actually, to live in an area which is mainly still contaminated, and unacceptable. >> when you got bans lifted and people technically allowed to go back. it sounds like they are taking a risk going back, even though they have been given the all-clear. absolutely. and people will be exposed. it's important that the population, large majority of the population doesn't want to return. they are challenging the policy, working with lawyers to support them in this information, and measurements. >> do you present your findings to the government as well. >> absolutely, we


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