tv Weekend News Al Jazeera September 5, 2015 11:00am-12:01pm EDT
could need food aid. >> we look at the grand slam. >> from lesbos to luxembourg. europe is grappling with what is described as it's greatest refugee crisis since the second world war. almost every country on the continent is now affected. the first train carrying refug refugee refugees from hungary have arrived in menu nick. they expect up to 10,000 people in the coming hours. long lines of exhausted people, many carrying young children are arriving at the border.
>> further east, more refugees are hoping to reach safety and a chance at a better life. in greece still boats arrive, desperate people are putting their lives at risk on rubber dinghies. 25,000 refugees on the island of lesbos. the authorities are simply overwhelmed. we have reporters right along this route. we go to the refugee camp on the hungary serbian border. and in budapest another batch of refugees are walking to the austrian border. mohammed a lot of people behind you. what is happening today. >> yes, we've been speaking to many refugees, dozens of them most of them are from syria. a lot of refugees narrowlyth tht
just the war in syria, but many said that they took a boat from turkey to greece, and a lot of them almost drowned on that part of their desperate journey. we'll get a proper view of what's behind me. there are hundreds of refugees lined up. many trying to get aid to distributed. many are also trying to get on the buss that will take them to vienna aerosolsberg in the coming hours. the temperatures have dropped a lot in the last hour. it is very cold here. thankfully charities, aid workers, ngos have been out here. they've been distributing blankets, sweaters and shoes for many children whose shoes are war worn out from the long walks that they've been on. but the kids here are extremely fatigued. the ones that aren't, some are playing with toys that have been distributed. the parents are worried about what will happen to them next. however there is a sense of relief that we're seeing here
compared to what we were seeing yesterday in hungary. the refugees that are here are saying that they're so glad that they have made it into austria. they're committed to trying to go on, to continue their journey into germany. they say they don't want assistance from the state. they don't want a free ride. they want to work. they want a normal life, something that has not been provided to them for so long now. for more perspective on this refugee crisis, let's go to andrew simmons in the suburbs of budapest. >> thanks, mohammed. look at this, yet another march like the last, but much smaller. i would say no more than 200 to 300, but others could be joining. it's a mixed picture. instead of going on the motor way like they did on friday, the police are insisting that they
have to walk on this, the a-1. it's still being blocked off by the police. as you can see here there are all sorts of--what you can't see just here but further down the road there are a lot of volunteers with water and good who intense to assist these people. there you have a family they're fairly fresh at this point. they've only walked four or five kilometers away from the collective station. they think they'll get the same treatment as those other refugees on friday, and they will get a helping hand further down the route with buses taking them to the border. but the hundre the hungarian government said it was a good-will gesture, it was the only thing they could do, but
they're not going to get the offers. the situation here is pretty bleak for refugees still in hungary. now on to marco, who is on the hungary-serbia border. >> actually, i'm going to jump in here because we've lost him for the moment. what does this suggest, what we have seen today about hungary's policy now and what it will do in the further? >> that is a key question, jane. commitments are made in the legislation, but it was passed on friday. the army can be moved to the southern border. that could happen under the law now. it can convene on boar border
disputes. it can execute more laws effectively making a three-year jail sense possible for crossing the border. that will be on september 15th. in the run up to that they would want, it would seem, to come down even harder on some refugees by putting them in camps and insisting that they follow the e.u. laws as they stand right now. however, this is a situation, the policy has been as i talk to you, jane. the they'll be giving food out. giving water. giving more assistance to these people. it's going to be a very, very
bleak situation because it's going to win quite heavily, according to the forecast, and politically the forecast is not good either because as i say the authorities are saying categorically they will not send buses out. they will not send any more buses for refugees to go to the border. and they won't send special trains either. coming back to the point about the legislation, it has been passed. it will be enacted, and as far as they're all concerned coming back to this mixed picture, it has agreed wit that there is some possibility that hungary could be part of the shared quota scheme, and sharing refugees. that's something of a new term because he, along with the czech republic have said categorically that they will not take in
refugees. you could also ahead poland to that as well. it is a sliding mixed picture, but whatever way you look at it, jane, it's awful for refugees here. it's an appalling situation. those people stuck on a train for so long in desperate conditions, those images have influence on e.u. leaders on top of everything else. there is no doubt that there has been not only political pressure, but public pressure pressure put on them. however, they would claim that the majority of hungarians do not want refugees here. but other hungarians are here
handing out food. >> look at those thousands of refugees who made it over the border today. many of them transported by buses. many of them walking from budapest station to get there, and we're hearing that aid is being handed out right now to those there, and it has gotten colder as our correspondents were telling us. >> well, tens of thousands of people are on the move across europe. the european union has so far turned itself incapable of an unified response. the refugee crisis is not going away. and it's time for action and solidarity. >> it is not an emergency, it is an urgency that we're facing. it is not something that starts that day and finishes that day.
it is here to stay. the sooner we accept it psychologically and politically, the sooner we will be able to respond in an effective way and manage in an effective way. >> jackie roland is in luxembourg, and has that report. >> many have acknowledged that the system does not work. in particular, the rule governing asylum, up until now, a refugee must register in the first country of entry, it's obviously not practical bearing in mind refugees are arriving in greece, italy, hungary, but they're heading towards germany. there are times now to look at the way of creating an e.u.-wide
asylum system whereby a refugee might register at point of arrival about commitment to staying in that country. they then would be matched up with another place in europe that could provide them with shelter and protection. but at the same time the e.u. would be looking at, as well, at ways of identifying people who they believe are not qualified to receive asylum. they would draw up a list of countries that they do not consider to be in states of war workers people are not being persecuted. if it is believed that people have come to e.u. purely looking for work, they would not be granted asylum. but how this mechanism would be worked needs to be worked out in more details, and we expect to hear more from the summit on this very subject on the 14th of september in bruceels. >> still ahead on al jazeera, protesters in guatemala said that the resignation and arrest
of the president is not enough to root out corruption before sunday's election. and an invitations come home. towns evacuated after japan's nuclear disaster gets the green light to return. and yet another poll position for luis hamilton. jo will have all the details in sport. >> saudi arabia said that ten of soldiers were killed taking the total number to 60. 45 are were from the u.a.e. they died when houthi rebels fired a missiles at an ammunitions base. it is the largest loss of life for gulf soldiers in decades. they say gulf soldiers are being used in a supporting role.
>> apparently from what we've been seeing over the past few weeks there are land forces from some gulf countries, including the u.a.e. that have provided some symptom systems that helped to provide some sort of qualitative edge and to the yemeni forces loyal to president hadi. the president of yemen. they were providing ammunition logistical support, air support and so forth. so these land forces were supporting the land operations logistically, operationally as well as with firepower and special operations units. these were the backup forces that are helping the main yemeni armed forces along with the
yemeni resistence that are battling houthis and driving them back, from many of the cities and towns from the south, and now they're moving to the north. >> 13 iraqi soldiers have been killed in separate attacks by isil fighters. the assaults happened at military positions north and south of the city ofry mad di. 40 others iraqi soldiers were injured. pro government forces are trying to retake the city, which were seized by isil in may. sectarian soldiers are reported to be killed by gunmen. the government denies any involvement in killings. sunday's elections in guatemala are mired in scandal after the president stepped down to face corruption charges.
he has told the court that he's innocent of allegations he was linked to a customs fraud ring. the judge is expected to make decisions on tuesday. but voters are worried that electing a new president won't make corruption go away. daniel has been following the story and joins me now. ththe ex-president is in jail, claims that he's not guilty. how does the public feel about this? how much confidence do they have in these elections now? >> it's been quite a week. the guatemalan population is still trying to come to terms with it. corruption is obviously nothing new here, but for a serving president to have an arrest warrant issued, and then for a new interim president to be chosen all within the space of a few days never happened here or anywhere else in the region for that matter. they're following the details of
the court case very, very closely. the prosecution said that it has 90,000 telephone recordings, which they're sifting through, some implicate the president, the former vice president and several members of the government. it is a huge case. the interim president again was somebody who started his week not realizing that he would end the week as president of the country. he took time out from a busy schedule to talk to us about his plans to serve 333 days in office. >> the truth is the president told me about his intention to resign. it was only a question of hours until that decision was taken. i was ready, although this was not the outcome that i wanted. i only agreed to be vice president to smooth the constitutional transition. it was a challenge i had to take.
>> how can you be sure that the new people that you chose will be clean and free of corruption? >> i believe the risk of corruption is unlikely. there were many others who were abusing the country's resources. >> what role will the guatemalan government have in rebuilding the future. >> this is an opportunity. they can't rest. they must keep on investigating. if they go to sleep the corruption will return. it's a plague which infests everything. >> and daniel, we've seen so many people on the streets, so many protests expecting trouble tomorrow? >> i mean, coming up to the elections. many are disillusioned in the
candidates in the first round. so it's those one in particular, morales a television cooed intoan, he'comedian. he's expected to do well. the outcome is unknown and an unusual situation in many ways politically here in guatemala. >> thank you very much from guatemala city. morocco's ruling party has made big gains in the country's regional elections. they're likely to be in charge of most of morocco's big cities. >> he's at the height of his
political career. the leader of a conservative pgd. a small opposition party just a few years ago. now it's one of the country's most popular and well run. >> we run an efficient government, the local councils are the best. we were honest with the people. we told them about the problems that we faced. we asked them to help us. this is why the results have been good. >> but for others the votes have been a disaster. he felt that the vote was rigged, accusations dismissed by the pgd. >> our rival is widely known for rigging votes. our rivals should have a sense of responsibility. >> pgt's main rivals may have no other options but to reinvent
themselves in order to win the trust of the general electorate. >> pgd has what i would call a symbolic capital. it is a relatively recent party. people do see for the time being as an alternative, and there is also symbolic capital about the pgd in the sense that a number of pgd leaders are sort of seen as close to the moroccan population to the popular classes. >> the pgd said that it's willing to team up with allies to solve morocco's pressing problems: youth unemployment, poverty, and corruption. >> we're ready to go into coalition with our allies, and we'll make sure that living conditions are improved. the results are a message that the moroccans are fed up with mismanagement. >> for the time being the moroccans will wait and see if the conservatives or pgd can
deliver on their promises, clamping down on corruption and improving people's lives. the pgd achieved what many parties failed to achieve in the past. it's in the government, they have control of the region and local council. it's main goal is to win a majority in the parliament next year. if that happens, the pgd will become morocco's biggest political bloc. >> the united nations said that a drought in northern ethiopia means that 4.5 million people could need food aid. agriculture generates half of the country's income. >> life was difficult enough for this family of nine even before the rains failed. this year millions of farmers like him across ethiopia will face a tougher struggle to survive. >> there is nothing that we can do. we don't have enough crops to provide for our families.
we're having to sell our cows to buy food, but the cows are sick because they don't have enough to eat. the only chance we have is to sell our belongings to keep our family alive. >> foreign aid organization built the well in the 1990s. it broke down six months ago and people say no one in the village knows how to repair it. ethiopia is heavily dependent on farmers. agriculture can account for half of the country's gdp an. this time last year he was getting ready to pick his crops. he harvested enough to provide food for his family and pocket around $3,000. this year he will get virtually nothing. a walk through the field of maize here shows our devastating the effect of lack of rains has had on his crops. these plants should come up to my shoulder this time of year.
if you look down at this plant, look at the size of this cob. now this by now should be around a foot long. these plants are dying, and experts say that it doesn't matter how much it rains between now and the end of the season, there is nothing that can be done to save them. meteorologists are blaming the drought on a weather phenomenon that occurs across the pacific ocean, el niño. experts say that they warned the government. >> the rains in september are very low as compared to past el niño events. >> the government said that it has allocated $35 million to deal with the crisis. the united nations says that the drought could leave 4.5 million people needing food aid this
year. when we were informed about the problem, the federal government and regional state authorities started an program for the affected people. at this moment we have enough surplus food at emergency depots, and we're distributing it. >> around 20 million people live below the u.n. poverty line in ethiopia surviving on less than $1.25 a day. many are farmers, and this year they'll need help from their government and foreign donors in order to survive. al jazeera. >> lots more ahead on it the news hour. afghanistan's government outline its progress on reform as it promises to create more jobs and more investment. putting off tourists to jordan's ancient civilization. and we have more on the deflate gate scandal.
burst of joy. but this also so much anxiety. in the faint voice they said, i'm scared. no one cares about us. >> we have no value any more. we have become a com a come modty. we're a trading commodity. >> pile after pile of life jackets discarded by the refugees as soon as they touch land. and it goes on for kilometers on end. there are some personal belongings, a tiny little life jacket. one can just imagine the baby on board. and then here is the rubber dinghy they came across with. the first thing that the refugees do is they puncture it because they're afraid of being sent back to turkey when actually there is no one here to assist them. so they walk and walk. the closest camp and registration center is about
40 kilometers away. >> i was expecting the police to help us out for the first tight. we don't have food or water. i never thought my life would turn out this way. there is no other way to reach europe other than through smuggling. we were obliged to take this route. >> it was too exhausting for them. they fled idlib because their parents could in the guarantee their safety. >> i tell them that we're traveling to have a better life. but i never thought it would be so hard. had i known i would have stayed in syria under the bombs. it's less humiliating, but now it's too late. >> nobody knows how refugees are in lesbos. the mayor's estimate is 25,000 people. the island cannot cope any more, and they're asking for emergency funding. so there is a backlog of people waiting at the port. it's it's tensions often flare, and for new arrivals their only
option is to wait their turn before continuing their journey across europe. >> for entire families on the move. you have babies, elderly people, you have sick people, and they are all stuck on this island. they just have to wait for this processing to through. you have to think the situations in other islands around the aegean sea, many come to say that they're running out of money. they know the road ahead is long there. they know the beginning of the journey will take them to hungary and, finely to germany. they're extremely worried about how they'll be able to go through that the longer they wait here. >> thank you for that. >> well, afghanistan's government has outlined its progress on reform to its donors. representatives from 60 countries and aid organizations are meeting in kabul. jennifer glasse has reports from
there. >> afghanistan still remains heavily dependent on international aid, but the government is working to change that. >> the structural reforms that would move afghanistan from an economy built on foreign aid to one that is bringing activity commercial investment, job creation. >> but it won't be easy. as the president spoke hundreds of afghans demonstrated to oppose the issuing of an electronic i.d. card. this is to simplify tax collection an. >> it has to make sure that the economy works for the people, and that we're delivering
services. >> unemployment remains a chronic problem, the goverent said it's one of its biggest challenges. it's working to route out corruption. insecurity is one main reason for afghanistan's weak economy. the government gives itself high marks for high marks made. it also reaffirmed its commitment to human rights. but afghan officials say that they have no illusions. they call their report the first mile on the road to self reliance. a journey they say will be long and challenging. jennifer glass, kabul. >> protesters are marching in southern nepal. they're carrying the bodies of five demonstrators kill from earlier rallies. they're protesting against a new draft resolution that will
separate nepal into seven regions. indian government said it will implement an equal pension scheme for its armed forces. nearly 3 million ex-service men will get the same pension of service men in the same rank who are retiring now. veterans have been protesting for 80 days demanding equal pensions. it's been four and a half years since radiation leaks started at the fukushima nuclear plant in japan. the area has just been reopened to residents. but not everyone is convinced that it is time to go home. >> the area was contaminated by a nearby nuclear plant. more than 7,000 people were evacuated. now some are thinking about
going back. >> while there are uneasy feelings i still feel strongly about returning back home. >> the government said that the radiation is down to a safe level. >> the real construction work starts now. we should work as one to bring about the renaissance. >> only 100 households have returned since a trial allowed them back. >> the situation now is like using the house as a place to camp out. you can sleep her with utilities with electricity and water, but how do we buy groceries? how could we live here for an extended period of time. >> there is also the question of health and safety. >> greenpeace research radiation in the fukushima region say that other areas that the government wants to open is not safe. >> it is impossible. what is happen something that only a tiny percentage of the
territory is decontaminated, and people who have an life in that area are pushed back. forced back to live in an area which is mainly heavily contaminated. >> the nuclear plant was hit by a tsunami caused by an earthquake in march of 2011. the disaster caused radiation to leak into the surrounding environments. 70,000 people had to be evacuated. while some are happy to be able to go home, doubts still linger. it's no longer life as they knew it. caroline malone, al jazeera. >> japan has said it's called its annual research separation despite a global ban. japan use as provision which allows whales to be killed for scientific purposes. this year it plans to take 51 whales. the whaling experts from the
marine mammal research group in sydney. >> the problem that we have here. i haven't used the science in a way that improves an understanding if the fishery is sustainable. and so they've got a lot of data which they have not used to justify why they're killing animals in the first place. japan is the only country that does this with the rationale that it's scientific purposes. there is whaling by the country. there is indigenous whaling by groups from canada and from they are whaling under the indigenous traditional harvest option. they just apply the revised management procedure process,
but japan didn't take the option of taking traditional whaling. they said they would like to do it on a scientific basis. that's where they have fallen flat, really. >> the first man arrested for his involvement in a bombing that killed 20 people in bangkok. they're still trying to seen the mancienne on security footage. >> human rights groups have described a case against him as politically motivated. we have reports from caracas. >> the lengthy controversial and often delayed trial of one of venezuela's leading opposition figures could soon be coming to an end. the defense said that there is
no prove that lopez, a leading critic of president nicolás maduro's government was the prime mover that rocked venezuela for several months last year, and that left 43 people dead. >> this trial has been how to violate due process. the evidence shows that lopez's innocence. >> accused of instigating violence in the destruction of public prophet, the evidence hinges on analysis of his speeches, and two deaths which occurred today he rallied protesters to march against the government. the hasty video shot from a balcony of a building in downtown caracas shows a 26-year-old carpenter was shot dead. according to the defense, the video proves erupted as a result of the death and not because of the march that lopez headed.
>> it shows that those who were killed were, in fact, government security forces and not pro opposition protesters. >> but bloody skirmishes between anti-government protest he is and security forces raged on that day. with several soldiers wounded and killed by protesters. >> for two months the streets were barricaded and public builds destroyed. for some lopez although jailed at the time was to blame. >> his death was the spark that allowed outside observers to notice up a the injustice happening here. only god knows why he took him. but i trust that justice will be serve. >> lopez has garnered international attention. he's one of 40 political prisoners currently behind bars. but the venezuelan government insists that lopez was part of
an u.s.-backed coup to topple president maduro's elected government. with maduro's popularity at an all-time low, failure to free him could see an increase in international condemnation and even street protests which would further erode maduro's legitimacy. >> 13 members of an armed group accused of carrying out deadly attacks on police are being killed. the ministry said that the joint ministry by the police and the army was launched after eight policemen were shot dead on friday. jordan's government is launching a new campaign to tourists, and they've been getting fewer tourists than normal. >> empty n and ticket booths at
one of the new seven wonders of the world. horses that should be out pulling carriages are standing idle at the start of the peak season. the scene used to be bustling with tourists walking down to the city's most elaborate ruin, the treasury. but because of turmoil around jordan's borders and syria and iraq, concern tourists have been hesitant to come here. officials say that the sharp drop in tourism is based on a misperception that jont send safe. >> we were wary before we left northern ireland. we did research, and everything on the internet was positive. absolutely no one was saying anything detrimental about this country. since we've been here, we've seen nothing but welcoming people everywhere. no hostiles. >> nearly 3,000 tourists visited every day. but that went down after the arab spring and plummeted after
jordan led the coalition against isil. >> this was usually packed with tourists taking pictures and cueing for camel rights. the number of tourists have dropped by 80% since 2011. people living around hearsay that the last year has been the worst with as few as 40 tourists visiting the ruins on some days. >> residents who rely on tourism say that they're suffering. >> i used to make more than $400 a day in camel rides. now if i'm lucky i make $30. that's just enough to feed and look after my camels. >> some go as far as blaming embassies issuing advisories from traveling to jordan. >> the campaign is conducted internationally. the least sensitive markets for
us. the largest markets for us. to make sure that the traffic is coming back sooner than later. >> many hotels have been forced to shut down and employees have been laid off over the last year. many hope that the beauty and safety of of the area will bring many back to the beauty of this land. >> kentucky issued same-sex marriage licenses for the first time since a clerk refused to do so. she said that the practice went against her religious beliefs. davis will not resign. the u.s. supreme court legalized same-sex marriage in june ahead in the news hour, scare for serena williams, all that in
>> jane, thank you. well, champions louis hamilton is on pole position for the 11th time after qualifying for sunday's italian grand prix. it's the driver's sext consecutive poll. finishing ahead of both ferrar ferraris. with six wins so far this season, hamilton is 28 points ahead of his closest rival.
>> they have done a great job. they're very close. it's nice to see that they have a good fight. but i've been feeling good all weekend. and they've done a fantastic job on both sides of the garage. they made improvements to the engine, and to bring it here. it's a big step. >> a big shock at the u.s. open, raphael nadal has been knocked out. the first time in a decade that the 14-time grand slam champion will end the season without a single major title. >> now ranked eighth in the world, raphael nadal's farm.
>> you want to play against him. and if you want to do something different you have to risk. >> while nadal's form continues to slump world number one djokovic advances comfortbly through to the fourth round. thhe beat andreas simpeon in under two and a half hours. >> we see things that we could have done better, but again, a >> women's world number one serena williams dropped her first of the tournament against
bethany maddox. she was just two games away from defeat at 5-all at this second set but then found another gear with the next eight games to clench the match. >> that means i win, great. but if it doesn't, then i--you know what, i can't let that affect me because i still have other tournaments to play. >> williams is still on track to be the first player since steffi graff to win the grand slam. >> having suffered a surprise defeat last year, spain has bounced back. they're the top scorers in the group. elsewhere, world cup coasts russia has a new charge. they will take over from capello
as the third place team takes on second place sweden in group g. victory in san marino with three matches to spare. all with a chance to win deutsche bank in massachusetts. jordan spieth's spot having politsplit after just two weeks. he continues ten shots behind leader. mcilroy is five strokes off the pace but it's jason day who has made the most promising of the three. the leading pga champion is three strokes backen tom brady has broken his silence since having hi four-game ban lifted over the deflate gate scandal. he was originally suspended by the nfl after the team was found to have deflated balls in a
championship game they went on to win. fans celebrated after brady had his band lifted. he said:p. >> the issue of water pollution is once again the focus. the canoe sprint and kayak test events were knocked by weeds in the water slowing down competitors. there has been major concerns for officials. but local authorities have given assurances that the aquatic courses will be cleaned for the games. >> it's like you're running against a wall. you get a big clam on your rudder. it's no fun. it's not typical watercolor. when you're watching the movement of your pattern, it's
not normal. >> for more, go to our website. we've got blogs and videos from our correspondents from around the world. that's all the sport for now. >> we have more tha with passion for japanese comics. they're passing across the world to some of the most unlikeliest places. a comics library in dakar, senegal. >> this magazine feature features a young japanese girl living in hiroshima in the 1930s before the atomic dro atomic bomb was dropped. >> i really like this book because of the adventure and the drawings. sometimes i see myself in the
character. it's just fun. >> finding he it in west africa, let alone senegal is near impossible. a comic book in the library. >> i put a message up on facebook saying people could come and borrow books. there was a sudden wave of inquiry and the interest in reading just continues to grow. >> they come after school, on weekends, some even have them home delivered. there are plenty of japanese, belgium and american comic books here. but there is one thing lacking. african stories made by africa africans. >> tired of telling the stories of other enemy's cultures, malik moved back to senegal after working in india's animation industry.
now he's trying to make african mg animations. they're working on a story of a young senegalese girl. she's in trouble for hanging out with street musicians in her neighborhood. turns out they're not so bad after all. the moral of the story is not to judge a book by its cover. >> it's not fairy tale. it's just how to behave in this part of society. >> unlike western comic heroes, characters are often shy and vulnerable, but they always rise for the equation. these timeless stories continue to feed children's imaginations, no matter where they are from. >> that's the end of this news hour bulletin but another full bulletin coming up in the next couple of minutes coming to you from london. thank you for watching. bye for now.
>> an emergency situation in western europe as thousands of refugees head into austria and germany. hello, i'm barbara serra. you're watching al jazeera from london. coming up on the program meeting with sunni tribesmen putting aside religious differences in the fight against isil. over shadowed by allegations of corruption against the former leader. and how the japanese comics have been given their own library in the most unlikely places.