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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 15, 2015 1:00am-1:31am EDT

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>> malcolm takes over as prime minister of australia. its force fourth leader in justr two years. hello. we are live from doha. the eu fails to agree on rehousing thousands of refugees. support for assad, there are claims russia positioned tanks at a syria air base. >> i'm unti in london. a new exhibit has just opened
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exploring global pop art. >> turpbull has been sworn in as australia's new prime minister. he resigned from the cabinet and asked abbott to step aside and went on to win the leadership vote within the party. andrew thomas has been covering the story from sydney. >> things happen fast. after he said he would challenge tony abbott, he was sworn in as australia's 29th prime minister having beaten ton tony abbott. he got too distracted by silly things and wasn't able to present a positive vision of where the country was going. >> the australia of the future
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has to be a nation that is agile. that is, innovative, create. we cannot be defensive, we cannot future-proof ourselves. we have to recognize that the disruption that we see driven b technology, the volatility and change, is our friend, is our friend if we are agile and smart enough to take advantage of it. there has never been a more exciting time to be alive than today. and there has never been a more exciting time to be an australian. >> they are in the same political party. so what policy differences won't be huge. but he's to the left of the liberal party, abbott was to the right. but there will be changes. turnbull is likely to take the issue of climate change more seriously. he's also a supporter of guy
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marriage. tony abbott never was. the coming days the new cabinet will be formed. that will give us an idea of the direction of the government. >> that was andrew thomas. we are going to talk to peter chen. thank you for your time. where, ultimately, did tony abbott go wrong in your opinion? let's leave aside eating raw onions in front of the media. ultimately, where did he go wrong? >> he really didn't have much of an interest in economic policy. and that is the one area where his party claims dominance. if you talk to the public and look at survey data, the labor party has been a dead hand at maintaining services.
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tony abbott didn't have much interest in economics, he didn't spend a lot of time talking about economics. he talked about marginal issues, asylum seekers and things of that nature. he famously was a skeptic and a social conservative, but didn't talk about the economy much. and that is particularly problematic, it's now entering a major downturn. >> and so has malcolm got the goods to turn around that economic malaise or the perceived one about how interested or not he is in it? >> yeah. well, he has limitations in this area. the strengths are that he is economically literate. he has a business background. he's relatively newcomer to politics. and he has a lot of confidence
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in him by the business sector in australia. the limitations are that the sort of reform agenda he is talking up and we saw some of that in that clip, he talked about encoded language around flexibility. major reforms to the australian labor market. and that is electoral toxicity. while that will be a part of the economic agenda, he will have difficulties negotiating that through a skeptical senate which has not been supporting the government's reform agenda and selling it to the public. he's promised to explain it more, but he has only one year before he has to go to the poll. so he doesn't have a long time to do this major turnaround. >> you brought up the fact that australia will go to the polls. all its recent previous prime minister have gone through this
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process of parliamentarians choosing them. it gives a look of instability. >> some of that instability is overdrawn. while there has been a shuffling of prime ministers, the parties are relatively stable. both of the two major party groupings in australia ar are centerrist by nature. so some of that instability is overdrawn. well regards to major reform agendas that require the petition of political capital to convince the australian public and move them forward, this shuffling of leaders has not been very amenable to that. though we did see under previous administrations, some substantial reform agendas.
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they went through the global financial crisis without going through recession. they have introduced things in the education center. it is possible for short term administrations to move things forward. in terms of the decades long reform agenda, australia does suffer at the elite level. >> thank you for your time today. european governments have failed to reach a consensus on a plan to relocate 120,000 refugees across the continent based on binding quotas. the idea has been blocked by a number of countries including hungary which closed its border with serbia. also, there is a tough new immigration law. also, austria, slovakia and netherlands said they would bring back border checks. germany reimposed border
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controls to maintain order. we have correspondents on both sides of the serbian hungary border. we'll start with andrew simms. >> reporter: what a difference a week makes in this refugee crisis, tens of thousands have virtual free movement. now it appears to be coming to an end with new laws that are in place here in hungary. the border isn't closed, but all unofficial access has been stopped by razor wire or police and army guards. now refugees are processed through here into buses and out to camps. and a new asylum law is coming into place, fast track which makes it impossible for anyone coming from serbia to go forward moving on to austria and
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germany. they will be sent back if these laws are followed to the letter. anyone crossing the border illegally, cutting through the fence or trying to get through some other means not coming through these official crossing points is a criminal. they will be charged and could face up to three years in prison or deported. also, anybody who's an economic migrant will be turned back. and so no one is sure yet just how these laws will be imposed because more information is said to be coming from the government. but they would appear to be making a dramatic change in the flow of refugees through this part of europe. >> with hungary tightening its border controls, many scrambled to get through. >> reporter: while grateful for the food, he knows he has barely enough time to eat.
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>> translator: we were afraid they are going to close the border and not let us in. with all the death and destruction we have seen, our families have come so far, we ask hungary to please let us through. >> reporter: along serbia's border with hungary, they are running against the clock. even the wounded must find the stamina to continue. he shows me scars from injuries in iraq. he decided to get his family by any means necessary. >> translator: we are trying any way we know how. we came all this way to get to europe and we'll try any way possible to keep going, to get all the way here from south iraq and be stopped, no, we have to keep going. >> reporter: despite the hardships, his wife and children are still hopeful they will be able to make it over the next border. others aren't as optimistic.
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crossing from serbia into hungary, they must walk along these railroad tracks about three kilometers. most of the refugees we have been trying to speak with are too afraid to appear on camera. they are worried they won't get into hungary and if they do, they may not be able to get out of hungary in the coming days. nonetheless, everybody very aware that the border from serbia into hungary will be closed within a matter of hours. when we get to the hungarian side of the border, it is effectively sealed. construction of the fence nears completion and police, some mounted on horseback, are out in the greater numbers. soldiers guard gaps that just hours earlier refugees walked through. while families barred from entry decide to make a path towards another possible crossing point, a train carriage is transported here to stop the influx once and for all.
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just one more road block for these refugees on a road that seems to get longer every day. breaking news coming in from the compound in jerusalem where the israeli military is said to have stormed the area once again. this has been going on since sunday, if i remember right. it happened four times since then. today also, the jewish holiday. just keeping an eye on this one. haven't got much more information and nothing more than this picture other than that there are reports of the israeli military storming the mosque there. more on that shortly on al jazeera. some of the other news ahead as well, the hundreds of homes going up in flames as wildfires race across california.
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we'll talk about that. and the economy that's not looking so solid, brazil making deep spending cuts with the financial crisis. >> tracking the mob from the dark shadows to the gates of the vatican. >> there's even a mobster who's managed to take the place of the priest. >> what happens when the church stands up to the mob? as the pope visits the u.s., we take a closer look at the pope and the mafia.
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>> we're here to fully get into the nuances of everything that's going on, not just in this country, but around the world. getting the news from the people who are affected. >> people need to demand reform... >> ali velshi on target >> so just to bring you up to date with the news we had before the break from jerusalem, the compounds are being stormed against by the israeli military. this has happened over three consecutive days. we have this one shot, trying to
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ascertain who is going in there. certainly on this day, which is the jewish holiday, something is going on. reports on twitter i'm seeing as well of people barricading themselves in the mosque. more on that. the situation is a little sketchy. let's tell you about other news that's happened. australia has a new prime minister. they voted auto any abbott. turnbull the fifth prime minister in five years. and tough new immigration laws come into effect in hungary. the country has already closed its informal borders with serbia. hungary has its own approach to dealing with the people.
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the eu's 28 members can't agree on a solution. ministers failed to reach a deal on settling 120,000 more refugees. >> reporter: european ideal of open borders has changed to this. austria has followed germany in introducing new border controls for syrians and other people seeking refuge. it's a symptom of the lack of a coherent european response. interior and justice ministers met on monday to try to reach agreement on how to share out 160,000 refugees between member states. an ambitious goal for one meeting, and ultimately they fell short. >> when we do not succeed the first time, yes, we try again. the world is watching us. it is time for each and every one to take their
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responsibilities. >> reporter: these refugees beat the new border controls between serbia and hungary. but they may not be as lucky when they try to cross from hungary into austria. this crisis is laying bare some fundamental positions between eu states. several eastern european countries have said imposing conditions won't work. but if countries want the privileges of eu membership, they need to accept the responsibilities. even as europe closes some of its doors, new refugees continue to arrive on the shores of greece. they are overjoyed at surviving the crossing, maybe unaware of the obstacles and hardships that lie ahead. >> winter is coming. and europe needs to be prepared for that so we can fulfill our
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obligation towards those who flee war and persecution, so that we can also fulfill our obligation against those who want us to do a better job of protecting our borders. >> reporter: opinions are reached through consensus. common ground is hard to find. a political commitment exists to relocate the refugees. translating that into action is another matter. russia appears to be expanding its support for the syrian president assad. moscow positioned tanks at a syrian air base. it's believed russia has deployed 200 forces there and has been sending two cargo flights a day in the past week. we have more on that from washington d.c. >> reporter: pentagon officials don't know why the russian
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military is expanding its air strip or why it's sending in the number of troops that are on the ground said to be around 200. although officials won't confirm that. however, the pentagon is very concerned and the obama administration is concerned for that matter about the possibility of russian forces, one, supporting the syrian military in its civil war against the moderate opposition and, two, coming into conflict with the u.s. led coalition that has been going after isil in the northern part of syria. while russia and the u.s. agree that isil is a threat to both of their countries and to their ally security needs, they have not invited russia to take part in the fight against isil because the u.s. believes that russia would do so only in an attempt to prop up assad which the u.s. opposes. that said, the u.s. doesn't want to go into how it knows that the
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russians are making attempts to build what it's calling a forward operating air base, but it says it is watching these developments with concern. in yemen troops that are part of the saudi coalition are pushing towards the capital aiming to retake it from the houthi rebels. forces are fighting in the central province, the staging ground for the coalition's push forward. several air strikes were launched targeting houthi rebels. in southwest yemen 20 houthi fighters have been killed. eight troops loyal to the exiled president were also killed. the afghan taliban says it's freed more than 430 people from prison. four officers were killed and several others wounded. egyptian officials say 12
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people, including eight mexican tourists were killed in a security operation in egypt. helicopter gunships mistook the tourist convoy for what they called terrorist elements. >> reporter: mexico's president says his country is still in shock following the incident that took place in egypt on sunday. >> translator: yesterday's events have saddened us as a nation. there hasn't been a precedent in years of an event like this. mexico has demanded a thorough and prompt investigation which establishes responsibility. >> reporter: government officials have been sent to egypt to help with the repatriatation. >> my sincere condolences to the relatives and friends that passed away.
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>> reporter: the injured were taken to the hospital for treatment. the acting prime minister of egypt arrived at the hospital to visit the injured. egypt expressed regret at the incident, but it says the tourists were in a restricted area without permission. 22 tourists were traveling in four four-wheel drive vehicles along side the mexicans, a number of egyptians were said to have been killed or injured. his government strongly condemns these acts against our citizens. egyptian troops at the time are said to have been chasing armed fighters in the desert. they were traveling in similar vehicles to the mexican tourists. sri lanka's new government will set up an office for civil war reparations and a truth commission. it addresses civil rights violations, an announcement
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before the u.n. releases its report. they have promised accountability for alleged atrocities committed by troops. a state of emergency has been declared. firefighters have been battling to put out the blaze. such fires are an annual problem during the dry season in indonesia. and wildfires in the u.s. state of california have forced tens of thousands of people from their homes. 400 homes have gone up in flames and one person has been killed. jake ward has more from middletown, california. >> this has been a terrible fire in a terrible season, more than 50,000 acres burned. and still just a fraction of this fire has been contained. middletown behind me, the center
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here, where apartment buildings and a school, a small school have gone up in flames, is really typifies the damage we are seeing throughout the region in a course of 20 or 30-kilometer drive from one scene to another. we saw houses burned all the way through, trees burned all the way through. what's disturbing is the ways in which this fire is behaving differently than past fires. firefighters speak a certain language. they talk about good black, the notion that there is a burned area, the fuel has been consumed and they can relax in that place. those rules don't apply. fires are coming back through the can any o can know pi of ca. all the rules have been broken. this is a new kind of
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firefighting. so far this fire is winning the fight. brazil announced almost $17 billion in spending cuts and tax rises to balance its books. healthcare, low cost housing, spending on infrastructure, agricultural subsidies, they will be hard hit. brazil's economy has been badly hurt by a slowdown and demand from china, with its currency plunging by a third and bonds cut to junk status. >> reporter: there is an effort to try and close the gap of close to $8 billion of next year's budget. there are huge infrastructure projects that have been aimed at stimulating brazil's economy. but also, another sector that will be seeing cuts is the government and public sector employment. and also closed, ten ministries.
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the other sector that is also looking to suffer greatly from these measures and it comes at a very controversial time, is several of the social and welfare programs that the administration has been so keen on supporting. particularly controversial at the time, because these programs are at the heart of the support base of the workers party. and slashing them will have a huge impact on her popularity which is at the moment already at a record low. her popularity is at around 7%. this is the lowest of any precedent in brazil's recent history. however, having said this, we spoke to several an analysts who think that the measures are much needed and that they are the last resource that brazil has to try and save its economy. we are going to talk about pop art from the 1960s.
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it's more than andy warhal and his soup cans. >> the faceless figure in a western half highlighted the increasing americanization of japanese society in 1966. the japanese artist used highway billboard paint to create his pop art. the world goes pop, looks at how artists have interpreted pop art. the 1960s culture movement made famous by andy worhall. some curators have unearthed the art. >> we discovered so much we didn't know about that has been left out of history, that you can't even find if you google. and to us that was the most
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exciting thing. >> reporter: the show is divided by themes instead of geography. the artists reflected their own troubling times, the cold war, the war in vietnam, racism, women's rights. many of the works are intense, unlike the dead pan humor of the textbook american pop artists. the red coat for 11 gave everyone the same skin, a charged image when racism was rampant. the italian artist took it around europe and was arrested in spain for a political act. there is not a campbell's soup can or american comic strip anywhere here. it's about learning about global artists, women artists, artists that were unrepresented. it's playful, ironic. but they show art at its best,
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embracing political themes and questioning what is happening around us. plenty more news for you on-line, breaking news, video on demand, in-depth reports, www.aljazeera.com. i'm ali velshi. "on target" tonight, homeless on the home front. let's finally solve a shameful problem and get those who fought so for america into stable housing for good. 49,933. that is the government's most recent estimate of how many american veterans are homeless on any given night in this country. that means nearly 50,000 men and women who served their country

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