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tv   America Tonight  Al Jazeera  September 16, 2015 12:30am-1:01am EDT

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>> the show is a reflection of artistic achievements. casting a spotlight on the power of art. >> more news on the website. there assist on the screen. >> if we had been having the conversation in 2001, 2003, 2005, about intervening in situations, what people would have said is it's not my business. correspondent sara hoy with a new approach to stopping sex crime on campus. can an app be the solution. far away and close. >> it's worse than what's on tv or in the media.
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the reality at this point. >> you might look at the images saying how could it be worse. >> living it is worse. syrians that escape the crisis at home, but find the pain still with them in america's heartland. company thanks for joining us. i'm joie chen. we watched the desperate journeys of thousands fleeing syria and the wars there. what has caped is the u.s. role and -- escaped is the u.s. role, and what we are going to stem the tide. only a small number found refuge in this country. as adam may found. frustration is showing. >> we are disappointed. >> this man is giving up on the u.s. government. we first met the syrian-american in 2013. trying to find solace in his ohio garden, between frustrating
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calls to the u.s. department. >> i'm a citizen from syria originally. i would like to get my brothers and families from syria to here. >> for weeks he made the same plea, trying to rescue the family. >> i appreciate your help. i need your help. please give me a call back. thank you very much. >> now, two years later, after failing to get any help from the federal government, his sister is among the dead refugees. she perished trying to escape syria with her children. and says they paid a smuggler to help them across the sea, like thousands of others, hoping to eventually get to sweden. >> when they got to the first island, my sister was getting
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really sick and once they hit the land they called an ambulance or something. on the way to hospital she passed away. >> she died. why is it important for your sister to get her kids to europe. >> there is no place for them. they cannot work or go to school. she would give anything she can to get them to the safety. >> it is not alone. >> his group of syrian american friends in colombus ohio meet to discuss the conflict. the lack of american intervention and fears for the family members still living in the war zone. >> we don't find a family that has not been affected somehow with this crisis. it just reality at this point,
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that everybody has some pain and some wound. >> this doctor moved from syria in 2001 to pursue a medical career in the states. the opthalmologist lives with his wife and three children. in the suburb of dublin, a quaint, quiet town a world away homeland. >> when you look at the new us and you see what is happening there in syria right now, and you look at these three kids sitting safe in ohio. you must be happy you made that imagine. >> it's a difficult situation there. i have friends that have kids over there. they are worried about the kids, and that's a factor that pushed people to leave the country. people still like to send their kids to school. but they send them to school, we
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don't know if they come back, if they come back, we don't know if their homes will be there. because it's bombarded any time. >> the doctor has seen the destruction first hand. did you think the hospital had been hit at this point. these are his home videos and pictures. he was back in syria in july. offering assistance, a mission that almost claimed his life when bombs fell near a hospital. >> this is an area where the bombing started. hospital. >> what am i looking at here. there with the blood. honestly, it's worse than what we see on tv and in the media. you might look at the images saying how can it be worse. >> living
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it is much worse. >> nothing conveys the care that you get, the fear with the shock of the bombing that happened millions of meters away from you. you cannot show it in the video, it's a war. we have to understand that it is really a war. >> earlier from the summer, the doctor and others met with immigration officials in washington, hoping to convince policy makers to expedite the process. syrians with ties. the best hope is to gain asylum from the government. while the u.s. has given more than 4 million to humanitarian
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efforts in irja, only 1500 refugees have been granted entry to the u.s. last week president obama said he wants to let in 10,000 more over the next year. it's a fraction compared to hundreds of thousands. it is disappointing. however, it's part of how the problem. >> administration. >> to help and get the safe zone areas. north and south, and that people can be safe, to facilitate the immigration issues, really we want to the focus on how to get help inside syria to keep people in their homes.
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>> those thoughts shared along the group of syrian friends. living in america. supporters of the syrian army. wondering if the obama will ever offer substantial military support to help them take back and rebuild the homeland. >> what does a free syrian government look like. >> hopefully we'll get a good government. of course, everything needs to be built slowly and but surely. >> do you think you'll ever go back to syria. >> once we get the dictator out, yes. >> you want to go back? >> i will go back to help. >> hoping more of his family
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cunt day waiting. >> "america tonight" adam may joins us in the studio. now that president obama said he will create opportunities, is folks? >> it's a small step forward. we are talking 10,000. these would be granted refugee status. they really want expedited provisions for those that are living in the middle of this conflict, and that have brother or sisters living in the u.s. to safety. >> is it the sense that they want to move to the united states permanently. >> for some of them, yes. the doctor has established roots, he's happy living in america.
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they are paying taxes, kids are going to school, this is the new home. they look at america as their home. for others, they are so disenfranchise the by the way the u.s. -- disenfranchised by the way the syrian government handled the crisis. they wonder what should we do. in the case of a couple of them, they'd like to move back to syria, if the country stabilizes in the future, if the free syrian army is somehow taking over the government. they would like to be part of future. i asked when do you think it would be possible. they hope soon, and the likely answer could be years. >> in that sense what is it that we could do behind providing men. >> the u.s. has been stepping up when it comes to money. they are grateful. they don't want to sound ungrateful.
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they said you can't evacuate every person. you cannot make everyone a refugee, the real answer is to stablilize that country to stop the war. they'd like a no-fly zone over syria. people have been talking about this for a couple of years. we have seen it work. thousands are dying in syria. the idea of a no-fly zone with russia ramping up, getting more involved is unlikely "america tonight"s adam may. next, help from above. the biggest tool in the firefight, and questions about whether it works. later, a click away. how six friends could be key to stopping sex crimes on campus. >> and hot on "america tonight"s website - black among the blue. an african-american officer on ferguson's police force. what she thinks will make a
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difference, at >> business man bill browder. >> if my grandfather was the biggest communist in america, i'm gonna go become the biggest capitalist in eastern europe. >> from communist origins to capitalist tycoon. see why he's now set on taking down vladimir putin. >> the russian government remains determined to ruin me in any way they can, including killing me if they can get away with it.
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>> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the soundbites. we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making our world what it is. in our fast-forward segment wildfire watch, we have seen massive wildfires in northern california. the historic drought fuelled two of the largest blazes in the state's history. hundreds of homes destroyed already. thousands of acres burnt. fire-fighters are looking skyward for help to contain the fires. there's doubt that help from above will help the historic rim fire began
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in an unremarkable way. it was august 2013, year the yosemite national park. >> it's within half a mile. hopefully they bring the heavies in to dump the big heavies are the largest fixed wing firefighting aircraft in the world. old dc-10 passenger jets converted into air tankers. >> during the rim fire, help came from 10,000 feet up. albuquerque. home base of the only firefighting dc-10. >> the plane has to be ready to go in half an hour. >> it could be any one. i have a crew that is pre-flight, waiting for the phone call. >> how does it change the game for firefighters? >> primarily it's quantity. this is on an order magnitude four more times any other tanker flying, and gets there with more
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sooner. that's a good thing. i've never had an incident commander running a fire, telling me that we got it too soon or brought too much. >> after decades of air drops, works. >> at the university of california berkeley, researcher bill stuart says we should look at aerial firefighting, to see if they are really worth it. >> when things are really hot, they are going to be an updraft of hot air, it will be hard for light material, retardant or flames. >> when we fast-forward to a second drought-related challenge facing the fire-fighters. water shortages. lakes and reservoirs are drying up, forcing the supply further away to find more water, to find the olympic games. officials are urging the fire
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crews to get more creative to to. >> next, friends in need. aiming to stop sex crimes on campus by drawing
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[ ♪ ] a our coverage of sex crimes on focused on the growing reports and concern on how to stop the results. the solution, as many think, may come from technology and may be on the gown. "america tonight" sara hoy found there was
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an app in williamstown massachusetts it's a new school year at the williams college in north-west massachusetts. settling into school includes the familiar. meanwhile students learning short cuts around campus and a fresh attempt at dealing with an old problem. campus sexual assault. >> sexual assault happened forever. sex happened forever, no one began to talk about it until recently. i think sexual assault on college campses is a big -- campus assist a big issue, i hope work continues to be done and education happens. the thing is sexual assault doesn't just happen on accident. >> williams made headlines when it was accused of a 2012 rape. it had no time against them. title 9 complaints put the schools at risk of federal funding.
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and a survey revealed 45 to 50 rapes occurred at the college each year. administration admit they have a lot of work to do. >> when we think about data, the acceptable number is zero. we have to believe it's possible. then we had companies about what is the acceptable level of sexual violence. there isn't one. >> part of the response was to appoint meg, a full-time of sexual assault prevention and response. she's been on the job for 15 months. a 2005 graduate. since she graduated she has seen a shift of the conversation. >> that made you best fit for this job or is there things that you saw. you really do want to help change and believe that it's for the better. >> a significant change, and
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something remarkable is 10 years is long, and not that long. if we had the conversation in 2003, and 2005, about intervening in situations, what it's not my business. another part of the school's response makes it everyone's secret. to do that, williams became the first school in the country to use a new social media app. circle of six was considered as part of the white house challenge. the goal, design a personal app that provides young adults with tools to help sexual assault and gaining violence. an hap that involves friends, and preventing assaults was a key requirement. >> we wrote message and come and get me. with address, g.p.s. location, having a comfortable
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interruption, and you as the user chooses who is important, trust. >> at the heart of circle six the the idea if you see something, something to each hands. >> we hope it's a game changer. a lot of administration talk to me. we want them to have a plan before they go out. >> basically you have what you need and you thought about it on a tuesday, not 4 o'clock in the morning on a seat. >> the hard thing about being at a party, i don't know where your boundaries are, if you are there, you are probably questioning it. it's a lot easier to push it away and say everything is fine. that's dangerous. >> all incoming fresh many at wments are arrived to down -- williams are asked to download the app. specific data is anonymous. privacy is part of the app.
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it can track patterns, such as spikes and usage. it shows which options are used most option. i need to talk is the number one button. students will use technology to call on friends to help. long before calling the police. >> why are police or authorityies in general the -- authorities in general the last stop after a sexual assault. >> i wish people would understand that. there's a lot of emphasis on police involvement. and i think it is important. what people don't understand is how tricky dangerous, unsafe it can feel to go to the police. if you make a report, it might become something that is taken out of your hands, and a victim wants to feel that she has control over her situation. >> i want fair response and accountability.
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that is not going to get us to prevention. sexual violence is not a problem of a lack of information. it's not - people are not harming others because they don't know about the policy. when you are presented with app situation. they need something in place, skills and capacity, the social norms around to act differently in that moment. >> you are saying this is about everyone, not just the victims, it's about potential predators. right. it's about - okay, how am i going to be accountable to my community. i need someone to help me with that when i do that. if other people are stepping in, it would be like hey, chill out. that is not cool. that is helpful to increasing safety. that's the core of the social change we are trying to push. >> the app is designed to foster an ongoing conversation not only among students, but within the school administration as well
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>> this is not week one orientation. helping kids to navigate college life, sexuality and relationships needs to be done constantly. schools have to prioritise this. they can't say we did the done. >> hype theticily it hurts. it's harder to convince people, friends, those to use the app. that's what we'll work on. >> a survey showed that rely on friends to avoid becoming a victim of sexual assault was a friend. a shift. >> you can see that 82% of our students helped a friend get home if they seemed intoxicated. if we are looking at the core functions of the app, people are doing those things. 68% of student talked with
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friends as a victim of sexual violence. two of three have done that. for many students, having an app to help comes not a moment too soon. >> there's not much you can do. once it happens, you can be as supportive and helpful as possible. but at the end of the day it happened. and that person has to live with that experience, and cope with that experience and move forward as best they can. >> there's work cut out for you. how do you address the issue smoke? >> people say you don't want title 9 complaints. well no, i don't want people to make complaints. the within i don't want that is not because of a reputational issue, but if someone is making a complaint that rights have been violated, that is a problem. if someone is saying you didn't follow your policy or it is hurting people.
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that is a huge problem. we need to make the systems worthy of the people using them. those that may feel wrong to say they didn't handle my case well, is this too little, too late? >> that is the thing about prevention. that is why prevention is so important, is there is nothing that is going to go back and unhurt someone. >> it's said that change happens slowly, and seemingly all at once. those at williams say using technology and friendship to criate a safer campus is an idea whose time has come. when friends can make all the difference. >> that's "america tonight". tell us what you think at talk to us on twitter and facebook and come back. we'll have more on "america >> i kept trying to make him not be a boy...
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it's not working. >> transgender children. >> i'd sit alone, i'd eat alone, i have no one to talk to. >> some dismiss it as a phase. >> we're trying to pigeon-hole him into "tom boy". >> but is it reallt a crisis? >> when your child wants to die... that's what changes parents. >> meet the families on a life changing journey. >> i finally get to blossom into the beautiful flower i am! >> we're here to fully get into the nuances of everything that's going on, not just in this country, but around the world. >> if there were >> and s if there were
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a border clampdown blocks refugees entering the e.u. german's chancellor calls for an emergency meeting. >> hop hello, i'm darren jordan with the world news ahead. also ahead - israeli security raids the al-aqsa mosque violent protests in the democratic republic of congo. over the president's plans to cling on to power. plus - we look at the exhibition


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