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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  September 19, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EDT

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>> on pacifism, angering china. once forced from their homes by
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violence. we'll meet the nigerian children having a chance to rebuild their lives. plus. >> i'm lucia newman in havana, cuba on the eve of pope francis's first visit to communist cuba. i'll tell you why politics and religion will mix. >> hello, we begin with yet more confusion and bik earthquake anu states. more than 14,000 have entered croatia. it can't cope. prompting a bitter response from hungary. how to handle the crisis refugees many fleeing war in the middle east, will have to fend for themselves.
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sleeping on railway stations and road sides. croatia is now sending thousands back not only to hungary but also north to slovenia. where they know their bid for asylum will be assessed in germany. lawrence lee joins us now on the croatia slovenia border. what is to say about croatia's policy of moving the refugees on in this way? >> yes, hi lauren. as far as these things go, given how disorganized this crisis is, it actually hasn't been so bad today, mostly because of the actions of volunteers and members of the public who have come here in very large numbers and offered food, water, clothing to all of the refugees. they have when we turned up this morning there were a couple of thousand here. it took the slovenian authorities hours to get
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services provided to them. as good a place as any i think to demonstrate the pivotal role that croatia is playing in the movement and separation of these groups of refugees since hungary put the razor wire up and closed the border. they are moving some to the hungary border which in turn is moving thousands to the austrian border. being split out into any number of groups, a few thousand each as a number of border crossings. it doesn't make any sense unless you accept the starting point, that a country like croatia can't cope. what on earth, is this the best that the european union can do? they are moving in the right direction even if the motivation to the countries they are in are far from generous. overnight, the croatian
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authorities put them on buses and told them to get out here in the no man's land between croatia and slovenia. an architect from syria, europe hasn't got a clue what to do with them. >> they don't know what to do. they don't have a clear plan. that's what i recognize. >> the best thing that happened to them was the rival of volunteers from slovenia and croatia who offered soup to shivering people and enough food and clothes to offer am@least dignity. they are less than impressed. >> it is no surprise that they are here. everyone, if i would like -- if i would be the slovenian president and running a household i would know that they are coming. if you have some kind of common sense you know that the people will appear. >> and right at the fence they
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pleaded with the riot police in arabic speaker, everyone else said, why not us as well? >> only these family, i have family 12 me. >> of course these have said they're open, but it seems a whole lot like passing the problem on. these countries over the refugees they have one thing in common a policy of what you can only call people-dumping. macedonia dumps them on the serbia border, serbia dumps them on the croatian border. then croatia dumps them on the slovenian border. preparing to let these exhausted people finally rest.
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>> lawrence, what does this mean for all the refugees coming through serbia and those stuck in croatia? >> well, on the immediate level right here on the slovenian border, the heat wave is going to break and there's very heavy rain forecast. they're not going to get all these people across the border. it's not possible that the croatian government can provide tents. so it's going to be an absolutely miserable night. the croatians about 3,000 people there, the croatians had wanted to move them to the hungarian border. hungary says it won't do that. move them ozagreb o to zagreb o. as this wave of 25,000 is going
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to be dispersed, he believes that 40,000 are moving through macedonia and serbia. actually, the numbers are increasing rather than getting lower. >> lawrence lee thank you very much indeed. many of the people seeking safety in europe have fled from syria's civil war and now u.s. is pushing for world to make more of an effort to end the conflict. secretary of state john kerry maintained that the syrian president bashar al-assad must go. however in what appears to be a softening stance against assad kerry added that the president's departure should be decided through negotiation. nadim baba has more details. >> reporter: not surprisingly syria topped the agenda when john kerry met his british counterpart phillip hammond. after the meeting kerry says they discussed ways to push for the end of a syrian conflict.
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russia seems to be doing more to defeating i.s.i.l, particularly through air strikes. at the same time he said he was concerned about the prospect of russia increasing its military support for president assad with russian fighter jets already in the country. and he might have made a small concession when he said that president assad didn't have to go on day 1 or month 1 but he still insist they'd assad did not form part of syria's political future. that's something that's always been a sticking point whether people have tried to get syria's allies around the negotiating table. for john kerry at least the ball is clearly in the other court. >> we're prepared to negotiate. is assad prepared to negotiate, really negotiate? is russia prepared to bring him to the table and actually find solution to this violence? those are the pregnant questions.
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and we've made it very clear we've been open we've made it very clear that we're not being doctrineaire about the specific date and time we're open but right now assad has refused to have a serious discussion and russia has refused to bring him to the table in order to do that. so that's why we're where we are. >> also discussed refugee crisis, what kerry called a humanitarian catastrophe. what ganl angel german chancella merkel discussed, in terms of numbers or other places in europe but solving the core problem which he says is the conflict the violence in syria
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and the lack of hope for young people in the region. so clearly he is very, very concerned about getting things speeding up politically in syria. >> saudi led coalition has carried out air strikes on several sites in yemen's capital sanaa. radio and television building and ministry of trade were all targeted at least 29 people were killed. houthi rebels and troops loyal to the former president ali abdullah saleh, were involved and 37 rebels reportedly killed. meanwhile, troops from the coalition are gathering in the mareb region to provide tactical support to the yemeni military fighting the rebels. china has expressed concerns after japan's parliament passed new laws that mark a dramatic shift in the country's military policy. means japanese soldiers will be
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allowed to fight yeefers for thr the first time since world war ii. rob mcbride is in tokyo. >> after this historic vote, japan is coming to terms with its role in the world. assertive military to match that makes many here uncomfortable. >> translator: i'm infuriated. we have a constitution that renounces war and it's been undermined. >> it's a hard decision. volunteering troops to go overseas is different than just defending ourselves. >> reporter: security situation around the world is changing that's why this is necessary. >> reporter: this troarvel legislatiocontroversial legislal change how japan's forces will be able to operate overseas from being a purely defensive force. it is a mover prime minister shinzo abe says is long overdue.
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>> translator: this peace security bill is necessary to protect people's life and peace and to prevent war. i understand, we have managed to install the legal foundation necessary for our children, children in the future generation, and for the peace. >> the vote came after a marathon session in both houses of japan's parliament. opposition parties inside and the thousands of protesters outside have promised to fight the legislation in the courts and at the next election. >> pacifism is not dead in japan. we have seen numerous people in the last several months in the street that iting how pacifist peopldemonstrating howpacifist . >> the 70th anniversary after
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the end of world war ii, direct result of its role in that war which makes it a divisive issue for many japanese. for many it is the symbolism of what this might mean, the pacifism that japan has followed for the last 70 years now tarnished, wherever that may lead. rob mcbride, al jazeera, tokyo. >> coming up in the next 15 minutes. more unrest in burkina faso after a coup. and homes disappearing beneath rising seas.
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>> as the global refugee crisis intensifies... >> they have travelled for weeks, sometimes months. >> and the e.u. struggles to cope... >> we don't know, they stop us here. >> what's being done while lives hang in the balance? >> we need help now.
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>> lowell again a reminder of the top stories here on al jazeera. hungary accuses croatia of breaking international law, as eu states continue to lag l over how thaggleover the refugee cri. china criticizes the japanese parliament's decision to allow jps troops tjapanese troops to n foreign soil. .. leopoldo lopez accused of the deaths of wife
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people. virginia lopez, can you tell us the reaction to the decision? >> people were angry about the decision in general but safe to say not very many were surprised. there are currently close to 40 political prisoners behind bars in jail. so the fact that leopoldo lopez is one of the fiercest critics of the government came as no surprise. internationally there was a great deal of condemnation, several human rights groups and governments describe the trial as being politically motivated, behind closed doors with very little evidence allowed on the defense team. so like i said a lot of people believe that it is politically motivated and a lot of these human rights groups have said that it comes as a clear sign that the powers here in venezuela is sequestered by the government. >> you think a 14 year sentence is really realistic?
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>> reporter: we spoke to the defense team a couple of days ago, and they feel the one glimmer of hope at this point is that we are ahead of the parliamentary election which come in december and the opposition is set to perhaps take a win of what has been until now government dominated congress. so if the opposition was able to finally take control of the assembly, could put forth an amnesty law that could see lopez and a lot of the other political prisoners free. however if the amnesty law was passed it would have to be part of the sequester. >> the demghts you'r demonstrate quite boisterous. can you indicate how much feeling on the streets there is about this? >> well, like i said, there's been a lot of anger and there's
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a lot of mounting indignation. there could be that people here are still scared of what they saw last year as being an incredible show of government repression. we spoke to people who said they were angry, didn't come in the street because of repression. lopez is seen internationally as a leading figure within the opposition, domestically there are leaders within the opposition and this is an opposition that is still quite fragmented, and unless there is some other kind of common cause that brings them together, the sort of rallies and marshes we saw last year won't be repeating themselves just yet. >> all right virginia lopez thank you very much indeed for that live update from cracks.
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caracas. burkina faso's third day of unrest after a coup. the government is adding pressure to the coup leaders. paul tanajan reports. >> doctors in burkina faso's capital ouagadougo have treated dozens. >> we have come to see those injured in this deplorable situation. bullet wounds, crush injuries, we have taken details and taken phone numbers. >> witnesses say those shooting a lot they opened fire, they came into my courtyard. >> reporter: the coup was led by members of the presidential guard who are still loyal to ex-president blaise compaore.
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>> we will resist to our end lat moment to the end. we wilbury their corpse here in burkina faso. >> but the transitional government is preparing for elections next month. coup leaders are calling the vote unfair, because opposition members have been barred from running. the leaders say the election will take place but at a later time. >> we don't intend to do more than what needs to be done unlike what some people think. >> the united nations had a strongly condemned the coup and giving coup leaders until wednesday to face travel bans. paul tradergian al jazeera. >> boko haram has displaced more
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than a million children in the north ever nigeria. ahmed idris reports from ma madd gri maiduguri. >> after six years of violence only a few schools are left standing. most schools will now have to improvise. studies in this old prison yard. it's been converted to a temporary school. ayesha is determined to be educated despite the risk. >> i don't know why they are destroying our schools or what is going on with them. all we wanted is to get an education. >> the government has launched an ambitious program, even
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before boko haram has been completely destroyed. hundreds of children are back in school and defiance under difficult conditions like this. massive reconstruction work is underway as nigerian military continues its campaign against boko haram. the military which claims to have the momentum against the group said it wants to secure both students and school infrastructure from further attacks. >> you have to be there to provide instill confidence in them that yes they're now protected or there's some school arrangements in the event anything you know from this terrorist group. >> for her the two year wait is over. she's trying to catch up with her studies before returning to school but after two years she
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hardly remembers what she learned. she also wants to be a doctor so she can help victims of violen violence. for children in the region it's a chance to be kids again and to change their dreams. mohammed idris, al jazeera, eastern nigeria. pope francis will spend four days in cuba before flying to washington, d.c. it's his first time visiting both nations as pope. and he's credited in helping bring about a thaw between the two rivals. lucia newman has more from havana. >> at havana's plaza of the revolution, the celestial sound of an orchestra and choir.
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rehearsing for pope francis's mass on sunday under the watchful gaze of revolutionary icon che guevara. predicting it will be marvelous. this is the third visit in 17 years by a pope to cuba. a disproportionately large amount considering the relatively small number of catholics in this country. but cuba's size is in inverse proportion to its political size in latin america. and regional politics is something the ague argentine poe clearly wants to play a role. expected to meet with farc rebel leaders while here in havana. >> translator: it is one of the most significant contributions to the peace process since the talks began so this papal visit while pastoral
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has a clear political context. >> reporter: pope francis already led secret talks that led to the reemergence of ties between the united states and cuba. he will again weigh in. >> his visit will help convince the americans to lift the economic embargo against cuba once and for all. from here the pope is going to talk to the president of the united states. >> reporter: but will the pope delve into cuba's internal politics and the thorny issue of human rights? watching francis's message to the cuban people, the leader of the ladies in white, the most visible dissident group, seemed ominous. >> we think he should speak out against the violence against those of us marginalized by the regime .
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but we will continue regardless even if he says nothing we want to hear. >> for more than two centuries the vatican has linked religion and politics. how pope francis will play his cards here in cuba is something everyone is waiting to see. lucia newman, al jazeera, havana. >> a family is facing deportation from new zealand, after refusing to be accepted as climate change refugees. their country could disappear because of climb change. >> ione tessiota and his system are living on borrowed time. they fled the island nation of kurabas in 2007. they wanted a better life.
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>> life there is not good. we want to go to a big country to save our life. >> that big country was new zealand where they have since had three children. their visas ran out in 2011 where they have been trying to stay ever since. >> they would be sent back to their country of origin because they weren't specifically in danger of being killed. that needs to change. because climate change refugees are basically economic refugees. >> kurabas is one of the world's lowest lying nations. global warming is very real here. most of the land is less than two meters above sea level. completely uninhabitable by 2030. >> they find it difficult to grow crops, get fresh water and one day when the water comes in too high and there's no adult
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around to grab a little kid, possible death. and that is the situation as it is at the moment. >> but a four year legal battle to stay was wawshed by the new zealand supreme court, who said that climb change was not a reason to give the family refugee status. it says there was no evidence that the kurabas government was not trying to minimize the dangers of global warming. and there was no evidence that ionne tessiota was facing irreparable harm. it could be a lengthy process. >> i'm scared they send me back, i don't want to go back. i want to stay here with my family. >> reporter: but ione tessiota is in custody. the court will hear a final plea
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on monday. if that faims fails, it's likelt the entire family will be flown back o. >> check out aljazeera.com. >> welcome to 101 east, i'm steve chao. after giving birth in china, many new mothers and their babies spend weeks behind closed doors in an age old tradition known as confinement. strict rules govern this sensitive time. in

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