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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  September 19, 2015 3:00pm-3:31pm EDT

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>> penned in with nowhere to go as eu states continue to argue over how to handle the refugee crisis. hello there i'm barbara serra, you're watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up on the program. >> we're prepared to negotiate. is assad prepared to negotiate? >> the u.s. urges nations to yeununitedcredit unite.
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unite. achanca chance to rebuild lives. >> plus. >> i'm marga ortigas. how to permanently close the borders. >> hello there thank you for joining us. there is increasing hostility between eu countries over how to than refugee crisis. croatia says it's struggling to cope and will force hungary to accept migrants by continuing to send them to it's borders. hungary has in turn accused croatia of breaking international law after hungary closed its border to serbia. sending north to slovenia. the main destination is germany, europe's biggest economy and the big magnet for refugees where they know their bid for asylum
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will be assessed. at a meeting in germany on the crisis, serbia's ministers called on the rest of eu. >> we have agreed we must find a common political way forward but on the other hand, we must, the southern european countries, must all find a solution that all can accept. >> lawrence lee is with one group of refugees in northern croatia. >> reporter: they are moving in the right direction is even though the motivations of the countries are far from generous. overnight, the officials put the refugees in buses and told them to get out here, in the no man's land between croatia and slovenia. a simple explanation, europe hasn't got a clue what to do
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with them. >> they don't know what to do. they don't have a clear plan that's what i recognize. >> the best thing that happened to them was the arrival of volunteers who offered food to shivering people and enough clothing to offer at least a little bit of dignity. they are less than imrensed. >> it's no surprise they are here. if i were in a slovenian household it is, if you have some kind of common sense, that the people will appear. >> the plea of an arabic speaker to come across, why not us as well? >> family, all they do is take the guys not family.
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i have family of 12 with me. >> open to refugees coming through but in practice it looks like a whole lot more like passing the problem on. with all the political differences they have one thing in common, a policy of what you can only call people-dumping. masmacedonia dumples them dumpsa dumps them then hungary dumps them then croatia dumps them. schengen zone, prepared to let these exhausted people finally rest. lawrence lee al jazeera on the croatia slovenia border. >> well, many of the people seeking safety in europe have of course fled from syria's civil war.
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now the u.s. is pushing for the world to make more of an effort to try end the conflict. speaking in london u.s. secretary of state john kerry maintained that syrian president bashar al-assad has to go however, in what appears to be a softening stance against assad, kerry said the matter should be decided by negotiation. nadim baba last the report. >> after the meeting, kerry said they discussed ways for pushing for a political solution, this moment where russia appears to be more committed to doing more against i.s.i.l, a reference that kerry believes is a common aim, the west defeating i.s.i.l. particularly through air strikes. at the same time, he said he was
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concerned russia increasing its aid for assad with russian jets already in the country. he might have made a small concession when he said that president assad didn't have to go on day one or month one but he still insisted that assad not form part of syria's political future. that's something that has been a sticking point when people tried to get syria's allies around the bargaining table. for john kerry now the ball is clearly in the other court. >> we're prepared to negotiate. is assad prepared to negotiate really negotiate, is russia prepared to bring him to the table and actually find the solution to this violence? those are the pregnant questions and we've made it very clear, we've been open, we've made it very clear that we're not being doctrinaire about the specific date or time. we're open. but right now, assad has refused to have a serious discussion and russia has refused to help bring
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him to the table in order to do that. so that's why we're where we are. >> reporter: the two men also discussed europe's refugee crisis something john kerry calls a humanitarian catastrophe. he'll be going to berlin to talk with german chancellor angela merkel, if european countries can take in more refugees, a quota system, something kerry is very keen on to take the stress off of herself but the key is not dividing people up in numbers but solving the core problem which he says is the conflict the violence in syria and the lack of hope for young people in the region. clearly he is very, very concerned about getting things speeding up politically in syria. >> well in syria itself at least 53 people are believed to have been killed in air raids by
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syrian government forces in the rebel held areas of aleppo about the british based syrian observatory for human rights says 15 children at least are dead, hitting marketplaces in the city. go to yemen now where the saudi led coalition that is carried out air strikes on several strikeseveral sitesacross sanaa. at least 29 people were killed. earlier houthi rebels and troops loyal to former president ali abdullah saleh attacked several neighborhoods in the southeast of ta'izz. coalition strikes followed and 37 rebels were reportedly killed. meanwhile, troops are gathering in the mareb region, in the province to provide tactical support to the yemen i military fieding th21 million are in neef
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humanitarian assistance. oxfam's head of programs for yemen has just returned from the war torn country. >> i think what is really most astonishing is the levment of destruction wrought 1 by the ground fighting that we're seeing in the places like triez and aden but most importantly is the air strikes and have targeted a lot of civilian infrastructure, sea ports airports, water systems, et cetera. so we're seeing a devastation of the country which is basically being brought to its knees. >> opinion polls in grease show that millions of voters are undecided, less than 24 hours before a snap location. when the left wing syriza party won the last election last january, it promised end to years of austerity prospect
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however this hope has evaporated. barnaby phillips has more from athens. >> does he still have the magic? alexis tsipras is still young. defeated by greece's creditors, humiliated by brussels and berlin. he says don't let the old parties back in the old regime that created the debt crisis in the first place, he might have loss to europe, he said supporters but at least he went down fighting. alexis tsipras came to power promising to end austerity bull this election is all about whether greeks are prepared to give him a second chance. >> disappointment, from the politicians because it's the same story, three years ago.
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>> i met young people who supported the left wing syriza party when it won in january. he says he will vote for them again. >> already corrupt and syriza not yet so much i guess so i have some homes let's say. >> reporter: but antonis says he will vote for another party. >> on monday unemployment will be the same, the corruption will be the same. and i don't believe that the choices are many. >> disappointment, disillusionment. words that sum up the national mood according to this analyst. >> the spark of hope existed in the last election. eight months back. this has gone now. because the spark was part of tsipras' image, this is gone. it is a totally negative vote and when you have this type of negativity, it is very difficult to predict the result. >> this man is poised to take
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advantage if syriza is not the largest. some warm to his down to earth style but his party is part of the discredited political establishment. many greeks want to get away from politics, at a athens cycling festival they're enjoying the last warm evening before what could be a long hard winter. somehow the new government will have to revive that spark of hope. imarmbarnaby phillips, al jazee. still more to come. global warning, the family fearing that their home could disappear beneath rising seas. >> business man bill browder. >> if my grandfather was the biggest communist in america, i'm gonna go become the biggest capitalist in eastern europe.
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>> from communist origins to capitalist tycoon. see why he's now set on taking down vladimir putin. >> the russian government remains determined to ruin me in any way they can, including killing me if they can get away with it. sure, tv has evolved over the years. it's gotten squarer. brighter. bigger. it's gotten thinner. even curvier. but what's next? for all binge watchers. movie geeks. sports freaks. x1 from xfinity will change the way you experience tv. this is a great place to work. not because they have yoga meetings and a juice bar. because they're getting comcast business internet. comcast business offers convenient installation
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us here. >> what's being done while lives hang in the balance? >> we need help now. >> time now for a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. hungary accuses croatia of breaking international law, as the european states continue to argue over how to handle the refugee crisis. john kerry calls for a meeting at the conference table over syria. and saudi arabia has carried out air strikes on targets in sanaa.
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wife of jailed leader leopoldo lopez has called for protest. leading to violence and the defendant over 40 people. live with al jazeera's virginia lopez, in caracas for us. we saw much demonstration, over the jailing of leopoldo lopez, is the anger still there? >> reporter: yes, i think the anger will be among venezuelans for a long time. there was a loit of anger when the sentence came out but people were not necessarily surprised. leopoldo lopez is one of 40 people current under bar. just to highlight how dependent
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the parties have become, motivated you about the judicial power had showed clear signs that it wasn't acting independently. clear reaction by the international community human rights groups and even revealing house oppressive venezuelan gft havenezuelangovernment had beco. people weren't surprised to see the government take the same attitude towards him as it had towards others who have voiced dissent. >> lopez was sentenced to trean years? 14 years. is that realistic? >> it's still probably too early to say. his defense team was sort of hanging to the hope that in the upcoming parliamentary election the opposition might be ability to win a majority in congress
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and after doing this could probably pass an amnesty law that could see lopez and also all the other political prisoners freed. this a amnesty law would a grant to be a tool of the government and accused of not acting independently. so it's again very uncertain at the moment. >> virginia lopez, virginia thank you. now the head of the roman catholic church is due to arrive in havana in the next few minutes. pope francis will spend the next few days in cuba. pope francis is credited with helping to bring about a thaw in relations between the two former cold war rivals. the egyptian army has begun to pump water into underground
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smuggling tunnels connecting sinai into gaza. used for basic goods such as food and clothing. from rafa in gaza, al jazeera, marga ortigas reports. >> egyptian military says it is building fish farms in an expanding buffer zone along the 14 kilometer border. it is hoped that this will put an end to an underground network of tunnels. egyptians began flooding the tunnels late on friday. it's the last thing 73-year-old mansura needs. she's already lost two homes in gaza's long history of conflict. with her husband and daughter now ill she says she just can't lose another one. >> translator: i'm very much scared. i already listen to shooting day
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and night and now i live in fear of flooding. it can happen any time. that's why i'm always tense and scared. we can't sleep like other people. >> the tunnels were used over the last eight years to smug goods and people into a blockaded gaza. hamas has also believed to allow fighters and weapons to pass through here. a trade its neighbors want stopped. this is saltwater that was pumped into one of the smuggling tunnels from the egyptian side. there are 12 such tunnels in this area and this is just one of them behind me. the people that live in raffa fear that flooding could destabilize and cause landslides but also fear it would contaminate the water source. there is very little drinking water for the people here as it is. they struggle to get food, petrol and have to live with daily power blackouts. now they worry about irrigation
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for what's left of their crops too. >> translator: we hope the city of raffa could reflect our brother hood with egypt through commerce and delegation exchanges. we were surprised that instead, the egyptians are pumping water, which makes the existing siege even more difficult. >> people on that border town say they long for the day that they won't need underground life lines. mansura sits outside her house for hours, late into the night, on alert so her family won't be swept away, she feels helpless and more alone. marga ortigas, al jazeera, gaza. u.n. figures suggest the armed group boko haram has displaced more than a million
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children in the north of nigeria. ahmed adriahmed idris reports fm maiduguri. >> bomb, the name translates to western education is forbidden. after six years only a few schools are left standing. most schools will have to improvise. ayesha is studying in this old converted prison yard. she's determined to be a doctor despite the risks. >> i don't know why they are destroying our schools, or what is going into them. all we wanted is to get an education. >> ambitious program to reopen schools, even before victory over boko haram has been declared. the hunger for education remains and hundreds of children are
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back in school. a defiance under difficult conditions like this. massive reconstruction work is underway as the nigerian military continues its campaign against boko haram. the military which claims to have the momentum against the group said it wants to secure both students and school infrastructure from further attacks. you have to be there, to provide for this inhabitant, to instill confidence in them that yes they are now protected where their school arrangements, anything for this terrorist group. >> for her the two year wait is over. she's trying to catch up with her studies before returning to school but after two years she hardly remembers what she learned. she also wants to be a doctor so
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she can help victims of violence. after the military successes over boko haram there is much optimism here. for children in the region it's a chance to be kids again and to chase their dreams. ahmed idris al jazeera maiduguri, northern nigeria. ordering all schools in kenya be closed because of a teacher strike, the state says it doesn't have money to increase teacher salaries. farmer from myanmar says thesaythree have been forced frm their homes, by a large highway. wayne hay has the story.
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>> for decades the mountains of myanmar were hidden from the outside world. as the country continues to open up after years of military rule i.t. has come under increased scrutiny. this is a section of the asian highway network that has just opened here. it is part of the united nations project started in 1959 to promote development in the region but for many the development has come santa cost. at a cost. >> it is a good to have the road so people can travel easier and bring in more business but not for my family. we have no place to go. we will lose our business. >> reporter: the road cuts through the mountains connecting the thai border with the town of korkarek reducing the travel by several hours. many had to make way for its construction. this farmer didn't want us to use his name.
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he said he was given a set price for land but then the government wanted more for free. >> the highway cuts through my land, the problem is they want to include extra land and i have to move back even further leaving us with very little. >> past the town the highway is still being built. people living in its path are being warned, change is coming whether they like it or not. >> the government mass put signs up in our village, stating that some of the property belongs to the government but this is our property. we have lived here for a long time. >> reporter: the road cuts through an area that's seen intense fighting over the decades. it's where rebel armies have battled for independence and greater unanimit autonomy. >> everyone is hoping for peace,
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we want to see people able to travel safely on the road. we don't want any more fighting but it's necessary to protect ourselves,. >> more traffic should mean greater opportunities and potentially more income but in the meantime people say they simply want a fair deal from the government. wayne hay, al jazeera. >> a family is facing deportation from new zealand after failing to get status as climate change refugees, they say their home in the pacific island of kiribati could spear because of rising sea levels. >> ione tessioti and his family are living on borrowed time. they fled the tiny island of kiribati in 2007. they wanted a better life. >> the life there is not good.
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we are worrying other country, big country, to save our life. >> that big country was new zealand where they've since had three children. their visas ran out in 2011 but they have trying to stay ever since. >> under the present definition of refugee they would be sent to the country of origin because they weren't specifically in danger of being killed. that needs to change because climate change refugees are basically economic refugees. >> kiribati is one of the globe's lowest lying nations. most of the land is less than two meters above sea level. some scientists believe kiribati could be uninhabitable by 2050. >> one day when the water comes
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through too high and there's no adult around to grab a little kid, possible death. that is the situation as it is at the moment. >> but a four year legal battle to stay was quashe quashed by tw zealand courts. it says there was no evidence that the kiribati government wasn't trying to minimize the effects of global warming and no evidence that ione tessioti was facing immediate harm. next they could argue that their human rights would be affected if they were sent back. it could be a lengthy process. >> i'm scared would the other government send me back? i would like to say i want to stay here with my family. >> but ione tessiota is in
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custody. final hearing, if that fails, it's likely the entire family will be deported back to kiribati on the most convenient flight. >> nor on the website, >> this is where i'll be buried. >> right next to her. >> mmmhmm. >> six years ago, roy bosley's wife, carol, died after overdosing on prescription painkillers. she was 60. >> it should have never happened. >> in what's being called a 'hidden epidemic' a grow


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