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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 21, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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greece prime minister alexis tsipras is given a second chance by voters and now has to push through painful austerity measures. ♪ hello from headquarters in doha, i'm laura kyle and also ahead the human cost of the war in yemen one year since houthi rebels took control of the capitol. and thousands of refugees flood into europe we talk how they are prey to criminals at the very start of their desperate journey. half a year without a single drop of water and why it's
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starting to look like a desert. ♪ the greek prime minister handed a second mandate by voters and initially elected to oppose austerity measures and now he is voted in to do exactly the opposite, the scale of his party's triumph is much bigger than expected but barney phillips says the task ahead is a daunting one. >> reporter: gave him a second chance and alexis tsipras savered the moment and lost the struggle with grease creditors and forced to accept more austerity and he survived a party rebellion and yet he appears to have emerged almost as popular as ever. >> translator: i want to thank you from the bottom of my heart for this great victory, for this clear victory, we gave a tough
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and difficult fight and today i feel vindicated because the greek people gave a clear mandate for us to continue to battle in and out of the country, to raise up our people's dignity. >> reporter: this is a night of triumph for alexis tsipras he is the dominant force in greek politics but in the months to come he must implement reform that will be very unpopular with these supporters who are now celebrating. ♪ those concerns are for another day. voters hope where grease has led other european countries will follow and embrace left-win politics. >> start changing their politics so the other countries can do the same, you know, spain and italy. >> we win, we came in the euro for all the people of europe.
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>> reporter: many greeks feel that alexis tsipras works hard for their country and more austerity is inevitable he will try to mitigate the impact on the poorest of society. >> many people believe that alexis tsipras did his best negotiating. he was inexperienced. he was like david struggling with a very strong, ruthless goliath and failed but we will give him a second chance because he deserves it. >> reporter: a sobering night for them who they blame for the predicament and center right democracy quickly accepting defeat but voter turn out was significantly down and greeks both on the left and right feel betrayed and dissolutioned and in the difficult months that lie ahead their faith in their politicians is bound to come under further strain, barn by
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from athens. >> and what a much more convincing victory than it was thought that they would. >> yes, absolutely. i mean, all the opinion polls over the past week were showing that alexis tsipras and his party had a lead but it was a very slim lead. some of them put that lead, the margin at less than 1% which is not what happened here. it's definitely a clear-cut victory here. now i think one of the important numbers to look at in this election is the voter turn out like any elections in greece's resent history, about 56% of the registered voters only went to the valid boxes and yet i spoke to people sitting in cafes around the polling station and they said this time it was clear the mandate of whichever
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government would win, whether it was from the right or left or center the mandate is to apply austerity measures and reforms that had been agreed upon in the memb member -- memorandum of understanding and there were and some said they were tired and had been on an emotional roller coaster through the year and they would sit and wait and see what happens next in the country. >> what happens next is an awful lot lot of hard work for alexis tsipras. what are his priorities? >> well, he is going to be sworn in later on today, monday, and then his cabinet will be sworn on tuesday and after that they just have to get to work. they have a huge amount of austerity measures and reforms that have to be passed in parliament before the end of the year, that is a prerequisite for the bailout agreement.
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now as an example i can give you the recapzation of banks. people in this country still have a capitol control cap of 420 euros per account holding for a week. they would like to see that lifted especially businesses say they are really suffering, those who rely on imports for supplies for example say it has been extremely difficult and there will be some really difficult cuts and bills to pass that would touch basically everyone in this country, social security is due to be hit by some sort of cut and some talk about cuts in wages, cuts in pensions and certainly a lot of different articles that will affect pretty much every kind of people in the greek society. >> difficult times ahead and thanks very much for joining us there from greece. a man negotiated the release of six hostages held by houthi
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rebels in yemen and one british national and three saudis arrived there and comes ahead of u.n. backed talks to end the conflict and houthis agreed to start negotiation but the government in exile pulled out and said they much withdraw from captured territory. the war in yemen crippled the country and led to humanitarian crisis and u.n. says more than 2000 civilians have been killed since march and 4 1/2 thousand have been injured but the u.n. says that real figure could be much higher. 21 million people are in need of assistance, many of them are on the brink of famon as 80% of population and 1.5 million forced from their homes and credible allegations of war crimes and atrocities by all sides and al jazeera has spoken to people living in the capitol sanaa and here is one doctor's story in his own words.
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>> translator: i used to lead a normal life, go to my work and private business, i'm a government employee and used to own a pharmaceutical company with my partner and with the war raging in our country most companies suffered great losses and we went bankrupt and i'm not alone and even the wealthy start to suffer and people wonder how we survive and my wife and i are lucky because we are government employees and we have some money and others have nothing and we suffer the humanitarian crisis and now trying to help the community because most people are not equipped to face this war. this lady for example have become like a dear mother to me. she and her family were forced to flee from thai as a result of the fierce fighting and heavy shelling and now face hardship. they have no money and they have not been able to pay the rent
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for the last three months. but we and the generous people in sanaa are trying to give this dear mother a helping hand with her rent. i really feel for my people and my family who once had flourishing business, enough money and enough friends and overnight everything started fading away. eastern european ministers set to meet later on monday to try to overcome the differences over the growing refugee crisis, united states states it will do more to help and secretary of state john kerry promised to take in thousands more refugees after the two years and announced it after the meeting with the general foreign minister in berlin and u.s. will accept 85,000 people next year and 100,000 in 2017. nearly 11,000 refugees have arrived in australia after walking from hungary and almost
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all in the town of nickeldorf and thousands waiting for buzzes and trains to take them on to sienna. 80% are no, ma'am, they are from syria, afghanistan and iraq and talking to bogus travel agents charging large money for fake visa and this is from baghdad. >> reporter: you see signs like these, they offer business services but more than that they offer hope and a chance to leave the violence of iraq. some of these agencies offer legitimate services but there are others that operate illegally and they have desperate people and defraud them of thousands of dollars and he doesn't want to reveal his identity because he is afraid. >> translator: i was desperate to leave iraq so i found a
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smuggler who was a swedish iraqi and he told me there would be a commercial fair taking place in sweden and he would be able to arrange an invitation from a swedish company who would sponsor me. all i had to do is go to turkey and pick up the visa from the swedish embassy there and asked for $15,000 in expenses and fees and left the money with a third-party, the visa never came and i was stuck without the visa and i called to find out he was an accomplice and said the smuggler knows your family and it would be easy for him to kill you, target your family or even kidnap your son. when i heard this i was scared and had no choice but to let him keep the money. >> reporter: authorities say they are investigating those who operate the visa fraud but so far no cases have been brought to court. the ministry of migrations and displacement has seen a rise in numbers of people seeking to get
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out of iraq. >> translator: realistically speaking we cannot ban iraqis from leaving but aiming to educate them and warn them of the dangers of the journey yet there are many who go down illegal routes out of desperation and know it's a problem and looking into it. >> reporter: we don't know how much it's worth or how many defrauded because no one is willing to go to police and report such crimes and during al jazeera's investigation we uncovered alleged cases amounting to hundreds of thousands of dollars. it would seem there are many who are desperate enough to pay. that desperation is also mixed with frustration, a lot of the foreign embassys here do not offer visa services. the few that do have very long waiting lists. other embassys ask you to go to neighboring countries like jordan or lebanon and apply for visa that and that with violent and misery of living in iraq
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mean they have a willing market they want to exploit and they take them for thousands of dollars, emran with al jazeera, baghdad. lots more coming up, here on al jazeera pushed out of so mall la and elsha bob is setting up in neighboring countys and we report from the new front line and an age-old problem and how the elderly population is putting pressure in the economy in even the smallest ways. ♪ >> farm workers striking in mexico... >> all that tension is about what's happening right now. >> unlivable wages... >> you can work very hard and you will remain poor. >> what's the cost of harvesting america's food? >> do you see how it will be hard to get by on their salary? >> yeah >> fault lines, al jazeera america's hard hitting... >> today they will be arrested... >> ground breaking... they're firing canisters of gas at us... emmy award winning investigative series... fault lines invisible hands
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>> we're here to fully get into the nuances of everything that's going on, not just in this country, but around the world. getting the news from the people who are affected. >> people need to demand reform... >> ali velshi on target
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hello and good to have you with us, the stop murder top stories alexis tsipras is voted by voters and won 35% of the votes on the election on sunday. action was after his party lost its majority in parliament. a man has negotiated the release of six hostages held by houthi rebel and one british and two nationals and three saudis and eastern european leaders will meet on monday to try to overcome the differences between the growing refugee prices and nearly 11,000 refugees arrived in australia after walking from hungary. pope francis has met the former cuban presidential castro after a mass in havana and led a mass in front of tens of thousands of people in the i conic town square and we have the story.
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>> reporter: pope francis listened carefully as a young man addressed him with the youth and many abandon the country in search of a different life. >> translator: we the youth are united in the hope of a future that brings profound change to cuba, a country that can welcome all its children regardless of how they think. >> reporter: gave pope francis a cue to apply for the differences in cuba, a one party communist state where organized opposition is not tolerated. >> translator: embassy destroys a family and a country and destroys the world. and today we see the world as destroying itself because it is incapable of sitting down and talking. >> reporter: here in cuba pope francis is on a peace mission, calling for a breakthrough in the painfully slow peace talks being held in havana between columbia government and leaders to end 50 years of armed
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conflict. >> translator: please, we have no right to allow ourselves to fail again in the path for peace and reconciliation. >> reporter: indeed he has made reconciliation his overriding theme here. francis is the third pope to address the cuban people from this plaza in less than 20 years, something the vatican acknowledges as accepting for establishing ties between cuba and the united states, the pope wants to use this to advance his process and in that context the trip from here to washington is significant. tens of thousands of believers and nonbelievers attended the spanish-speaking pope's open air mass in the plaza of the revolution. few saw when three people tried to approach the pope-mobile throwing anti-government leaflets as they were taken away by security agents. after the mass the pope met with
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former president and cuban revolution leader fidel-castro and close members of his family followed by a visit from rual-castro and share criticism of capitalism but the pope is no communist. service is nerve eyed -- eyed -- idological and protesters in beirut are demanding the end to the rubbish crisis and activists broke through police lines to rush the lebanese parliament but blocked by forces after a landfill site was closed and rubbish piling up the street.
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el sha bob are going to the mountains and as mohamed reports leaders there are now asking for help to drive the rebels out. >> reporter: the rugged mountains of somalia are the front line in the fight against el elbsha bob and they have se dozens of their fighters heading north. >> translator: he left here about 300 and more or lesson the run as we out numbered them and keep moving in small groups and have frequent clashes with them. announcer: these men know they can be ambushed at any moment so they fire probing shots, getting no response they move forward.
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the president says his forces have been left there by their own devices and need more arms and ammunition. >> we are alone fighting with no help unlike other parts of the country and this is unfair with the new addition of security, the threats from yemen are still are in the community. >> reporter: it makes for slow progress but there have been successes. this is the town and until recently it was important for el-shabob and now it's under control of the forces and more than four years life is slowly going back to their homes and it was a hide out for el-shabob and received shipments from neighboring yemen and it has military but not enough to reassure the residents of their
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safety. this woman offered to cover her face before talking to us. >> translator: life in this town is not what it used to be. most people are still displaced. we have no schools for the kids and our farms are only source of livelihood have been destroyed. >> reporter: but forces about to continue their offensive and they say they won't rest until el-shabob are defeated and know it will be a very slow process, the mountains in east somalia. >> cabinet of the prime minister has been sworn in and became leader after beating tony abbot in a leadership vote last week and supporters being replaced in the new ministerial line up. politicians in argentina going to great lengths to get ahead in next month's general elections and traveling deep into forests in some cases to connect to voters from indigenous communities and this is from the
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northern province. >> reporter: she lives in what is left of the forest. she belongs to the indigenous community and says she is tired of politicians promising change. >> translator: yesterday they came and promised us housing if we voted to the ruling party but are not doing that any more and promised us water, a house and always forget about it. >> reporter: even though many here have benefitted from housing programs until now catalina has not and she is an example of the politics in northern argentina and we visited the area during local elections and political parties picked up members of the tribes to cast their ballots. they live deep in the forest, once they arrive at the party office they are given a ballot and a ticket to get a sandwich. >> translator: once people vote they come here and get a
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sandwich. >> reporter: the ruling party and the opposition play the same game, the difference is that one has more resources than the other. national elections are only one month away and that is why the way of doing politics in places like this one where the most vulnerable in the country live have come under scrutiny because it could have an impact in october's results. on the days previous to the elections we saw members of the ruling party gave away bags of food. and she says that it takes away people's dignity. >> translator: it's always been like this. the fight of political parties, there is 99 communities in this area and every four years politicians come to get people's votes. >> reporter: indigenous groups in this part of the country are the poorest in argentina, many are loyal to the government of kristina kirshner and cash handouts have helped many here.
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>> translator: sometimes my grandchildren cry because we have nothing to eat. we have no water here, no rivers and only come to us at election time. >> reporter: election day at least everyone's vote counts, al jazeera. southern regions experiencing drought because of the weather phenomenon known as el nino and some have not had rain for six months and relying on help from the government to buy food and water and we report. >> reporter: anxiously awaiting for water in indonesia central have run dry after nearly half a year without rain. so they go just to bible to buy water and one tank costs around $10 and that is a huge amount for a poor farmer. >> translator: we are trying to drink less now in the tea packet
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of water and myself have been reduced to one and we use two buckets but also now only get one. >> reporter: monsoon rains expected to start two months later than usual because of the weather phenomenon known as el nino and half the crops have failed and the staple which doesn't need a lot of water is not growing. this lake is an important source for drinking water. for the last five months it has been dry and half a year without a single drop of water and java starts to look more like a desert. people in the worst-hit areas are already getting very worried about their food and drinking supplies but the dire weather conditions are going to stay here for sometime to come. the government has started the process of what is called cloud seeding in an effort to create rain. planes flying over the worst hit areas in java releasing salt in
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the clouds that makes the raindrops heavy and fall and because there are not a lot of clouds the results are limited and they have thousands of water pumps but without any water sources farmers are struggling. >> translator: the harvest from last year is gone already and we don't know when it will start to rain so i'm really worried about food supplies. >> reporter: the government insists food stocks are still sufficient but experts say this is too optimistic, the ministry of agricultural admits the effects of el nino have yet to be calculated. >> translator: we have enough stocks for the next few months. what i'm worried about is if el nino lasts beyond november and we will be forced to import
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rice. >> reporter: most farmers cannot wait that long and 100,000 heckers have failed already and they are depending on financial support from the government for food and other basic necessities like drinking water. al jazeera, central java, indonesia. japan's population is aging rapidly. over the next 20 years the number of people over the age of 75 is expected to makeup 30% of the population. and that is having a big impact on the economy as rob mcbride explains from tokyo. >> at her home in the suburb of tokyo she gets a special visit and the message of greeting from the district's mayor. she knows the formula for long life. >> translator: always be tearful from the moment i get up i'm always busy and can't stay
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sti still. >> reporter: like every senior who turns 100 she also gets a special edition silver saki cup but growing number of centarians they are looking at using cheaper metals because of the cost and this district has 58 people turning 100 this year. >> translator: our welfare team looks after their health and makes sure they get out and join activities and provide transport and facilities. >> reporter: increasingly this is a society being geared to the needs of the elderly. whether it's a shortage of nursing homes or statistics like the number of juvenile criminals being over taken by older criminals for the first time each day seems to bring japan a twist in the aging population problem looking for a solution. and he doesn't have to worry but
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sadly for future people it will be a gift a little less special, rob mcbride, tokyo. keep up to date with the very latest news on the website, there it is on your screens, al >> i'm ali velshi. "on target" tonight. your donations don't always go where you think they do. we're on the money, to expose a system where almost anything goes and even the candidates themselves can't control it. there are still 14 months to go before americans vote for their next president in november of 2016. but the television air waves in some key states are already so


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