regime. >> more troubling information from russia, as drone flights over syria leaves the white house unclear about russia's intentions. refugee bottleneck. >> thank you very much some thank you, slovenia. >> as thousands flook the floode croatia slovenia border how patience is running short. el nino's impact. >> to understand the impact, 1997 the river rose so much it destroyed the bridge behind me. >> scientists expect the upcoming season will pack a punch. good evening, this is al jazeera america, i'm del walters in tonight for antonio mora. we begin with russia's ongoing
buildup inside syria. intelligence officials say russia have begun to fly intelligence flights over syria. secretary of state john kerry warning that those flights could lead to an accidental encounter with american air campaigns. benjamin netanyahu saying the assad regime could hand over weapons to regional factions who want to destroy israel. for its part russia is demanding action after a shell landed inside its operations in damascus. paul tradergian reports. >> reporter: a cracking radio transmission in russian intercepted by syrian rebels in
homs. they say it belongs to the russian pilot of a cargo plane asking for permission to land. >> translator: after a while it was clear to us there was a cargo plane in the sky accompanied by four fighter jets. >> what is believed to be the russian cargo plane, the destination the airport in the coastal city about 20 miles sous of latakia city. that's where russian troops have been sent to help, they say, syrian presidential bashar al-assad in the fight against i.s.i.l. but there are air to air weapons that clearly have little to do with the fight against i.s.i.l. >> air to air as well as air to
surface, surface to air missiles raise serious questions and that is precisely why we are engaged in further conversation about answering those questions and about deconflicting the russian activities from ours. >> meanwhile, in homs, rebel groups are keeping an ear on air traft to setraffic to see what n military will do next. paul tradergian, al jazeera. awe author of the daily syrian newspaper comment. joins us from norman oklahoma. mr. landis, thank you for your time. what is the end game for russia? >> well, russia clearly is committed to keeping bashar al-assad's regime in the fight. and in a sense, russia's drawing some red lines and saying that if the united states is thinking about no-fly zones, erecting
no-fly zones it's been proposed a number of times recently it should not do so unless it wants to get into a bidding war with russia. so this is clearly laying down a marker that russia is going to support assad. he's not going. if they want to deal they have to deal in such a way that assad and his regime remains in syria. >> let me ask the question this way, wha what does the putin ree gain from backing up assad? >> the big base in tartusse where russian ships can land and in the center of the middle east, we've seen that russia has been the center of international politics on the chemical weapons issue, on the syrian issue, on the arab-israeli conflict, hezbollah, if you want anything to happen in the middle east, you have to include russia.
>> mr. landis, to what extent if any have there been back door negotiations between the u.s. and russia, to put it mildly, that our planes don't shoot each others' out of the sky? >> that's the big word everyone is using is deconflicting. in a sense russia is forcing america's hands. america has tried desperately not to coordinate with assad. they consider him a dictator who kills his own people. this is going to force him in a sense to coordinate with them. as they both bomb i.s.i.s. theoretically they're going to have to let assad know where their planes are and assad will let them know where his planes are. this could bleed into intelligence sharing and other things and that's what the syrian rebels and the sunni allies in america are very worried about, that this could push america towards coordinating with assad in the
fight against i.s.i.s. which they do not want in any way. >> but does this fit into this category of the enemy of my enemy is my friend is russia is indeed fighting i.s.i.l. isn't that good for the west? >> i'm sure from the point of view of military, some military advisors and military coordinators for the united states they will be happy to carry out their mission of killing i.s.i.s. if they can get more intelligence, more help, more planes more drones and that's what russia's offering them. of course in washington the politicians are going to be furious because they don't want to have anything to do with assad and we saw this most clearly in the city of palm raz, the great archaeological site. the u.s. stood by and watched rather than allowing, rather than helping assad defend itself and palmyra from i.s.i.s, they
allowed i.s.i.s. to take the city without bombing their positions in the middle of the desert and that's because ideologically it would hurt america very much to be helping assad. human rights, dictatorship, all these core values would go out the window if helping assad. >> josh landis, thanks for being with us this evening. >> pleasure. >> meanwhile, the bloody conflict raging on in northern syria today, at least 32 people killed after assad forces bombed a market in eastern aleppo. the syrian observatory for human rights said it was osurfacing to surface missile. some people are still trapped under the rubble. right now that city is divided against government control in the west and east. giving 400 million in humanitarian aid to syria this year, that brings the total u.s. funding in 2015 to more than
$1.6 billion. that money will assist all u.n. operations inside the country, shelter, medical aid, food, since the war u.s. has given $4.5 billion alone. pope francis is at the religious shrine outside santiago, that is the final stop on his busy cuban itinerary, he will celebrate mass in the morning and then fly for washington. david ariosto, has the pope's visit been a success so far? >> reporter: well, success is hard to define when it comes to these papal visits. he still has one more mass to give after which time he will head to the united states. that mass is in el cobre, outside santiago de cuba,
where he is today. his activities have been a great success in terms of what he has tried to achieve. this is man who brokered that agreement between president obama and raul castro. a normalization of relations between these two countries. >> we seem to be having problems with david ariosto who has been live for us in havana since the coverage began. again we will have the coverage of pope francis's visit to america beginning tomorrow. u.s. troops in afghanistan have been told not to report sexual abuse at the hands of american-backed afghan commanders according to the new york times. soldiersol soldierssociologist s disciplined for watching abusing boys. >> in a practice known as baca
bazi, boy play, the rape of children happening on military bases that when u.s. marines and soldiers tried oraise the alarm they were told not to interfere. the new york times details the experiences of two members of u.s. special forces who grew frustrated after witnessing numerous incidents of abuse. they finally beat up an afghan commander who was accused of chaining a boy to his bed for use as a sex slave. one of those marines faces getting kicked out of the military or involuntary separated from the forces. duncan carter is writing a letter last month saying this mr. secretary i personally ask that you review the details of this case and intervene immediately. sergeant first class charles
martlin stood up to a child rapist which i believe you feel is the right thing to do, because he is being separated from the military is a growing concern. whether the military did not enough. del. >> libby that being said, has there been any official response so far to the accusations? >> reporter: we heard from white house press secretary josh earnest today. he said there are deep concerns from officials over allegations of abuse of boys who may have been exploited. >> protecting human rights including by countering the exploitation of children is a high priority of the u.s. government. we monitor such atrocities carefully, stand up for exploitation of the removal of human freedom. >> pengtpentagon spokesman said
there's not a practice to look the other way, members of the military can bring concerns to their chain of command. >> can the members of the military do anything about these allegations of abuse? >> i spoke with lawrence korb, who served as assistant secretary of defense and the former incident secretary says this is actually against u.s. law not just against moral codes of conduct and standards. that's because of what's called the leahy law, neighborhood after path leahy senator of vermont. u.s. officials military and state department cannot overlook actions taken by overseas military when it comes to human rights abuses. here is what mr. korb has to say. >> basically saying that you can't help people who are going to commit these human rights abuses. i mean basically that is what we're talking about. the fact of the matter is if you
are aiding them and training them and then they do these things you are enabling them to do it, are we providing equipment, money and such, that is the real issue here. >> that comes on top of just the basic human rights question and then the concerns of what sort of a tone this sets for the future of afghanistan and people who will be in power there. and how they comport themselves. del. >> libby casey for us in washington, d.c, libby, thank you very much. i.s.i.l. may be losing support from within. a report of a london think tank takes a look at 60 fighters who defected. two-thirds of the men studied leaving i.s.i.l. within the last year, 58 defectors believe many more have turned against. certain say life in i.s.i.l. isn't what expected or were promised. a91-year-old woman has been
czech republic, poland, slovakia, the czech government complained the check is illegal. coming ahead of a two day eu summit to decide on mandatory quotas. refugees arriving at the hungary-croatia border, nonlethal force against refugees trying to enter the country. hungary's prime minister saying the crisis is putting the continent in danger. >> migrants are not just banging on our door, they're breaking it down. not a few hundred, not a thousand, but self hundred thousands, actually millions of migrants are laying siege to
hungary and europe's borders. there is no end in sight. there are millions that are preparing to travel. >> victor orban insisting that those requires wires ar razor w. countries claiming they can't cope with that huge influx of refugees are just shepg them out instead, puttinhipg themship th. >> hoping their journey will be a little bit quicker, little less painful but this reception center in the northern slovenia town, are close to austria and germany, are they happy about it. >> it is quicker. these countries i told you it's
good. >> when do you think you'll go to austria you think? >> austria maybe today after lunch. >> on the train. >> on the train, yes. >> like its neighbors to the southeast, slovenia is using a sense are recognition, on the most basic level that europe is finally showing a bit more organization. >> translator: it's true. we have 250 beds available here. the refugees change every day. as soon as 250 leave the next people arrive. >> reporter: so the next bus turns up, off they go and they're asked to turn in. in what relatively small reception centers because the turn around is so fast, refugees only spend about 12 hours here, have a rest, get changes, and
move on. that in turn frees up bed space for next wave to come. but even spending a few hours is too much to had group. they refused to go in, said they just wanted to go to the railway station, after weeks of being herded around, their patience had run out. >> thank you slovenia, train station, bus station, take us, that's it. >> a few hundred meters up the road to the train station. the $18 train tickets would take them to the other sides of the austrian border. what they didn't know is could you get a train directly to the netherlands but they weren't told they had to go through another check in point in austria. the train stations have given up getting people where they wanted to go.
lawrence lee, al jazeera, slovenia. christopher lee joins us. in the '60s the battle cry was the whole world is watching. the whole world is watching europe now, does anybody care? >> certainly the europeans care, a lot of them are scared, they see their whole world change with the influx of immigrants. but a lot of people get worked up excited hysterical about the influx, hysterical about people dying and then ultimately they can't come up with any solution that really works to this problem. >> is it a sense of bad optics on behalf of the countries involved, after all it's easier for richer western countries that have large coffers to accept people with open arms. but what happens if countries can't afford to welcome those refugees? >> obviously it's a huge
difficulty. obviously it is not just an expense oto them, when they can't begin to find ways to absorb them when a lot of their workforce is out of work. when you have refugees coming in especially to the more populace countries they are jdges for enr growth. we are a nation of immigrants in the united states, in urine they are not an nation of immigrants. >> we have been doing story after story of european countries that they want the population to have more children because after world war i and world war ii, the population has dwindled. germany seems to debt it. why not the rest of europe? is this about the fact that these are refugees or muslim refugees? >> well, both. these refugees are coming from a different culture, from the middle east, north africa.
and it's racial issues lets not forget about that. these are relatively small countries that are not used to large immigrant populations. look france maybe 10% of the population of france is of north african muslim background. it's not comfortable but people have gotten used to it. these smaller countries in europe are overwhelmed. the total population of europe is 500 million people. >> is this blow-back i guess the ainld poun800 pound gorilla, wet talking about sleeper cells much i.s.i.l, charlie hebdo and other
incidents of syria. >> a case of a woman calling the police desperately, a swart sway man who was carrying a gun, he was a chimney sweep. that's the kind of paranoia you've got. the syrians most of them are educated capable people and they will be an asset wherever they land. that's what the germans understand. we want quotas is a political ploy because they also know they have to defend themselves against their own right wing. >> before you go speak to the issue of islamophobia in the united states? is it getting better, worse, and is there a role that the american public is going to tatatatake? >> think islamophobia is a real issue, we've seen the remarks by mr. carches an carsoy
mr. trump. i think it is going to get worse. people are worried and people convince themselves of crazy things the idea that the president of the united states is a muslim, and we have a muslim problem. we don't have a muslim problem here, terrorists trying to attack us, some of whom are muslims. but that's not the same thing as a muslim problem. >> christopher dicky thank you for being with us tonight. >> thank you. >> two americans held hostage in yemen freed tonight. how oman played a role in their release. and after taking control in burkina faso a strong man has issued an apology.
apology. >> welcome back to al jazeera america, i'm del walters in for antonio mora tonightht. coming up in this half hour of international news, the commitment of alexis tsipras, after being reelected with a new mandate. but first a look at the stories making headlines across the u.s. in our american minute. there's a new report out that shows nearly a quarter of female college students say they've been the victim of unwanted
sexual contact. the association of american universities apology more than 150,000 students at 27 schools across the country. former peanut company executive stewart cornell, convicted of knowingly shipping peanut butter tainted with salmonella, and faking lab results, the resulting sal nonalley outbreak leading to one of the largest fool recalls in history. scott walker is out, suspending his presidential campaign. walker with support from less than one half of 1% of republican primary voters. the governor also struggling to raise funds. the governor unched others t uro so as well, keeping donald trump from winning. bloody anniversary today, at least eight people were killed if ta'izz and 30 in haja,
another 50 killed in sanaa. in the capital the saudis led air strikes targeted a rebel held building. 18 members of a family died in their own home next door. 2,000 civilians have died so far. meanwhile, two americans are free, grateful they are no longer being held hostage in yemen, in a deal that was brokered by oman over the weekend. the warehouse praising the government of oman for winning the release of the americans, but it's not first time the government navigated sensitive issues in the region. john terret as the a look. >> reporter: and omani air force jet, takes a stop at muskat, two u.s. citizens held hostage by rebels in yemen's nearby civil war. taken and held in the capital
sanaa. the white house has confirmed the release of the two americans was arranged with the help of aman's long time ruler, he set out to turn his tiny country into a useful middle east player for sorting out tricky disputes years ago. >> given the size of oman but also its geographical location, it allows oman to be somewhat of a regional mediator, that has really elevated oman above its actual size. >> he has always maintained a cordial neighbor. in 2011 when american liker shane bower it was kabos that he thanked first. >> we will's be grateful to his majestyity for our release. majesty are for our release.
>> oman allowed a safe haven and safe place away from the hustle and bustle of the diplomatic world. in a place both sides felt comfortable, confident and safe. especially in terms of leaks. >> and just last month france's president francois hollande thanked for the release of isabel pre rvetionn. preen. >> a persian golf that is calm that is pro-business that is quiet and also safe and and sta. whether it's in the arab world, yemen or places where business is conducted on a daily basis will be bad for oman. >> but oman's aging leader is 74
and without an heir leading some to inflat speculate whether omae can be maintained when he's gone. john terret, al jazeera. the man responsible for the coup in burkina faso is pom apologizing. general gilbert. >> we confirm our commitment to return power to civilian transition authorities after definitive agreement to get out of crisis made of the authority. >> warning the plotters they will face consequence is if they don't lay down their arms. ousted president michehehehel ko
is taking back his position. 1500 colombians deported in recent weeks, venezuelan president nicholas maduro claiming they were part of gangs. gradually reopen the border while implementing new immigration policies. greece swearing in alexis tsipras again. his party syriza winning 35%, short of an overall majority, tsipras breaking with tradition, took a civil oath, he says he hopes to gain greece's equal sawtsz istatus in europe. >> we are committed for the people to exit this tremendous hardship for the country to once again become powerful and our people proud and dignified. >> tsipras will have to implement the unpopular
austerity measures he railed against. chinese president xi jinping will be heading to the white house. after a working dinner the night before. it is first time xi will be in washington as president. he heads to seattle first, for meetings with high level presidents. why he is starting his trip in seattle washington, instead of washington, d.c. the justice department investigating volkswagen, after rigging half million automobiles to cheat on pollution tests. >> this was the frankfurt international motor show on monday. the volkswagen stand under the bonnet a dark secret revealed
last week by the environmental protection agency in the united states. volkswagen it says has been falsifying data for years to embellish the clean air credentials of its much prized turbodiesel tdi engine. this week it lost a quarter of its stock value. >> translator: there are health risks involved here and possibly deaths. it costs vast amounts of money, there are threats of fine and also class action lawsuits. what's also very important volkswagen's image is severely damaged. >> the news for the makers of the people's car, the famous beetle tamously remade could get worse. >> they're ordering volkswagen to recall half a million diesel powered cars, yetta, golfs and
beetles, awld awl powered by the same two liter tdi diesel engine. epa is talking about a fine of potentially as much as $18 billion which would be the highest levied against an auto maker for any reason. >> 18 million is an enormous sum of money but add to that half a political cars recalled in the u.s. that the epa says vw must return to proper functioning and then take into account that the german government has just announced an emissions inquiry of vehicles sold in europe and the be potential for catastrophe for volkswagen gets bigger and bigger. nor does it stop there. vw has set its course on engines to use clean diesel. the very idea may be cast into doubt. >> forecast to be a very gant significant part of most manufacturers mix and if volkswagen is found to produce these large amounts of noxious
gases, much larger than we expected then the viability of volkswagen would come into question, clean diesel strategy would be a very material below. >> it is all colossally damaging. what if everything in life was last reliable as a volkswagen, the ad slogan. ceo was made to apologize to customers for breaching their trust. jonah hull, a al jazeera, londo. >> el nino's effect on the pacific coast of marriage and mecca prepares for annual hajj.
>> tomorrow is the last day of summer and the numbers are in. this year officially the hottest on record. scientists in the u.k. warning the climate changes are far from over. there's a new report that says el nino is already underway. it could trigger some of the most severe weather since 1950. richard afternoonguine explains. >> the oceans and the atmosphere are closely linked. any changes on the ocean have a profound effect on the atmosphere, which includes the weather on the climate. the most profound is el nino. usually the tradewinds below
west ward along the pacific, encouraging cold water to up well across the coast of chile. very warm waters mass near indonesia. this warm water is the breeding grounds for typhoons across asia pacific. nutrient water is great for fishing but every few years the tradewinds weaken or even reverse. then the warm water of the western pacific migrates towards the east and this really hits peru's fishing industry and it was the fishermen who first recognized it calling it el nino, the little one, coinciding with the birth of the baby jes jesus, typhoons gaining energy over the ocean, now you see them moving back. this then allows them to become more frequent and more intense. already, 2015 is one of the most
active seasons on record, with every sign it could tend to be a record breaker. but the effects of el nino extend way beyond the pacific. during the last el nino 1997, 1998, severe conditions experienced in many parts of the world, droughts the floods to heat waves. no two el ninos are the same. not only is this the strongest em1el nino since 1997, all aroud the world the el nino is sure to make its presence felt in the months ahead. >> richard, thank you very much. as you heard richard say in peru, el nino already taking its toll on coastal cities. officials not taking any chances drought in the south, floods in the north and landslides in between. as mariana sanchez reports.
>> food for these pelicans and many other species, el nino can already be felt here at the port of pimentel, he returned with what little he could get. >> translator: the fish is running away from the warm current and not good for us. >> reporter: the warm ocean current has been changing the ecosystem since march but heavy floods are suspected after the season. 1.2 million people are at risk. >> we still don't know 100% that the el nino phenomenon will be extraordinary but our comparative data tells us it will be between strong and extraordinary. >> are to understand the magnitude of the phenomenon in 1997 the river rose so much it destroyed the bridge behind me. it left $3.5 billion in damages and one-third of it happened in the region which is the most affected by el nino.
>> maria lives in a ten hectare dry lake that is one of the most vulnerable. she has begun to protect her louse with bricks. >> i fill my surroundings with bricks. i don't want to leave because this is all i have. >> authorities say people must evacuate because the area will be completely flooded. >> i don't know where to go. the newspaper says we will be relocated but no one has come to tell us where it is safe to go. >> governor is personally supervising the cleaning of river beds and cleaning of drainage systems to ensure the volumcoming of high volumes of . >> we are preparing but the effect will be strong. despite having three el ninos in the past 20 years many we won't
be able to stop the strong effects. >> not all will be bad. scientists say el nino's rains will help in reforestation and refilling aquifers and deep sea fishermen are already benefi beg in tuna grounds. among the poorest people nowhere to go, and time is running out for them. ben chow is a water analyst joining us from culver city california. mr. chow thank you for being with us. >> thanks for having me on del. >> i don't want to be a skeptic but a few years earlier, the national weather service said we were on for one of the biggest eel ninos on record but little
happened. how close do they have now for having it right? >> in the latter part of this year into next year we have already seen above normal hurricane activity in the pacific ocean and somewhat suppressed activity in the atlantic basin which is what we expect during el nino. >> expected to be one of the most powerful natural forces on earth, what can we expect to see, we focus on the flooding and water but also the lack thereof correct? >> that's correct. while el nino events are not necessarily alike typically during el ninos we expect to see wetter conditions in the southern part of the united states and peru and drier conditions in southeasterly asia and the northern part of south america. >> are these a harbinger, california that needs water badly and yet fears landslides? >> yes, we're actually already
seen the impacts of el nino both locally, just last week in southern california we were hit with the remnants of hurricane linda. and we can expect the forecasters say we can expect more precipitation which is likely to lead to flooding and mudslides and have little impact on the drought unfortunately. >> so you don't believe this is going to be the cure-all for california's drought? >> no, unfortunately i wish i could say yes. certainly we can hope it puts a dent in the drought but in california, much of the water that we use comes from northern california. and in past el nino events, we haven't really seen an impact on prichtioonprecipitation in nortn california. so we need to did all that we can. >> what can we do in northern california? >> that depends. in southern california, you have
officials already inspecting local flood control infrastructure to make sure it can handle the potentially large amounts of rainfall. in peru the governor has already declared a state of emergency so emergency forces can be utilized, and preparations are underway in ecuador. and in southeast asia, officials are implementing rationing because they see drier conditions. >> talking about this being the hottest summer on record, does this have to do with climate change not just on el nino but the severity of el nino this year? >> the fact that we just had a string of record breaking high temperatures, like you mentioned we're on track for the hottest year on record, in some places rainfall that can also have an impact. >> and the last el nino that was
predicted did it live up to expectations? >> so they are saying that the last strong el nino that we did see was 1997 to 1998 and the current el nino is rivaling that right now. there were indications that we would see el nino last year and a lot of forecast missed it on that point but for the main point, the forecast shows a strong em19 yoa coming. >> iel nino coming. >> what would your forecast be? >> i would say 90% el nino during the latter part of this year. >> ben chow, thank you very much. the pope is dominating the headlines in cuba. up next we're diagnose to take a look at cuba's other popular face, santeria. and a matador in the ring facing
now to our global vie segment with a look at how news outlets across the world are reacting to various events. headline reading, not every migrant is facing war. 23% of first time asylum seekers were syrian. improving refugee care in the middle east and ending the war in syria. nigeria's vanguard also writing about the crisis saying african leaders must do more for their people. africans have the resources all they require is good leadership. the headline in the economist, reading syriza defies the polls with comfortable election win, proved to be a surprise in yesterday's snap elections but many observers are not convinced that syriza will last any longer than the last. tomorrow morning the pope will
be in the u.s. more than half the country of cuba is catholic but david ariosto on where it gets complicated. >> when it comes to religion, catholicism is not the only religion in the region. sansanteria. african language that speaks to the afro-cuban religion. as all eyes focused on the pope's visit and his work with the catholic church it's afro-cuban religions that should
be more recognized. >> they are not just about this tradition. about the cuban black heritage. sometime we don't have enough spaces to recognize the importance of this tradition. >> reporter: this week pope francis traveled to eastern cuba, a poorer more isolated region where afro-cuban traditions are more recognized. >> we don't need the recognition of the poor. i think this is a tradition of the cuban people. >> largely brought to cuba by way of the transatlantic slave trade, those traditions include animal sacrifice, dancing and singing. and those like elias says he is working to educate outsiders,
santeria is restricted in cuba. >> do you get the sense that its culture but its tradition that's tied to it? >> we are still working using the european model or code, you know. and these traditions because they don't know about this tradition because people don't know about this tradition, they still regard this culture as witchcraft, black magic, something negative. >> the vatican says about 60% of cubans are catholics but being catholic in cuba doesn't necessarily only catholic. >> translator: here, someone can go to a catholic church in the morning, in the evening the a different church, even to the sa tresanteria band. >> will the pope's visit really
resonate with cubans how they take it. >> 100,000 security forces will be on patrol in mecca. they range from members of the saudi army and elite cowrntz terrorism units. the largest yacht at seas, inside a german naval base for the past three years, the eight story ship more than 450 feet long its last 350 feet high. the owner is said to be a russian billionaire. that's it for al jazeera america news, i'm del walters in new york. for a reminder, you can continue to follow our coverage of the
pope, he begins his visit to new york, then washington then philly, good night. >> every year, the u.s. imports more and more produce - fresh fruits and vegetables - from mexico. and every year, wages have stayed the same for the people that harvest that produce - sometimes the last people to touch the fruit bought by u.s. consumers. but after years of long, hot days and stagnant pay, workers left the fields and took to the streets to demand better working conditions - and a living wage. the response from the go