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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 22, 2015 7:00am-7:31am EDT

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♪ disarm or risk being attacked, altimatum issued in burkina faso which has come and gone. ♪ hello there live from doha, also coming up, on the program, take it or leave it, the u.n. envoy to libya presents the country's warring factions with a final peace deal. human rights group says egyptian military campaign against i.s.i.l. in northern sinai is harming thousands of civilians. also eu ministers due to meet to decide on a relocation plan for
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100,000 refugees. ♪ the deadline for coup leaders to disarm or face attack by the army in burkina faso has now passed and shortly before that the general who led that take over issued a statement saying that he stands by the draft agreement negotiated by west african countries over the weekend echo us. one of its key condition is to hanover power to a civilian transitional government and nicholas hawk reports now from ouagadougou. >> reporter: this is mobile phone footage of soldiers from burkina faso's regular army moving towards the capitol. the army's chief of staff warn coup leader and his presidential guard to surrender their arms. some did, others won't. so troops from the regular army entered the capitol.
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under pressure to address the nation apologizing for the coup. >> translator: we confirm to return power to authorities after definitive agreement to get out of the crisis made under the authority of echo us. >> reporter: reactions on the streets was immediate and chanted freedom. hundreds have been injured and a dozen have died since the coup took place almost a week ago. >> translator: we have lost brave fighters and we are ready to die to free burkina faso. >> reporter: the situation remains very volatile, who is in charge of burkina faso is still unclear. west africa leaders and diplomates meeting in abuja to find a peaceful end. >> nicholas is on the line now, he is on the phone in ouagadougou and nick nicholas what is going on? >> reporter: there is really an eerie silence on the city.
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it has been an hour now since the deadline for the presidential surrender has passed and they have not surrendered and have taken a position around the presidential palace, surrounding also the main television channel. in the meantime the military troops are being deployed across a strategic location from the confrontation yet and there have been thousands who have been treated in a hotel room and some this morning tried to leave the country but the airport and it's a very tense situation here. >> nicholas hawk thank you for much nor the update and mohamed saying it's very quiet and state t.v. is just showing wildlife documentaries at the moment.
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now the united nations has proposed a deal to end the political crisis in libya. the u.n. envoy to the country has told rival factions that they must take the deal or simply leave it and paul reports. >> the u.n. has been trying to bring the warring parties in libya together for more than one year. >> we have now a text, it's a final text, so our part of the process is now finished. >> reporter: u.n. envoy bernard says the framework deal worked out in morocco is the way forward to end the conflict in libya but it's not a deal yet. >> in this situation, in libya with such strong confrontation killings for the humanitarian crisis with so many problems they must expect that if there is a solution and if the
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proposal is the solution. >> reporter: libya has been in a state of civil war and crisis since the revolution in 2011. among those struggling to fill the power vacuum are two rival governments, an renegade and position groups. >> taking in the last year of negotiations are almost art trying to create a two dimensional government and the government having two sides coming to one table and ultimately both sides want to know each other and have elements and proxys and elements they have private armies and can fashion a war and both sides want to annalyiate each other. >> calling for immediate ceasefire between them. >> they have to see what this process is going to bring for the country and not to be
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concerned about what they would have liked to see in the text or see as the outcome of the process and will not be there. this is not the question today. the question today is to get libya back on track to build peace, development and prosperity in the country. >> leon was given an october 20th deadline to get a unity government in place, that's the fourth anniversary of the capture and death of libya long time ruler moammar gadhafi and they say the peace deal isn't there yet but appears to be closer than ever before. al jazeera. well, in syria activists say government air strikes killed at least 38 i.s.i.l. fighters and syrian observatory for human rights say the strikes took place in the city of palmyra in the last 24 hours and stepping up attacks against i.s.i.l. in
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resent days. it's now a year since the u.s. led coalition entered syria's war through air strikes in both syria and iraq and it was ultimately to destroy i.s.i.l. and coalition includes turkey, some gulf nations australia and canada and french is expected to launch air strikes in the coming weeks and syrian forces with russia backing have been conducting their own air strikes on i.s.i.l. targets. i.s.i.l. is not only dealing with a barrage of bombs it's also fighting rebel groups, el nusra front and kurdish fighters and syrian government forces. well, bernard smith sent us this update from turkey. >> for the last month or so the u.s. military and coalition allies have been able to launch air strikes on i.s.i.l. targets in syria from this air base behind me in southeastern turkey and it has been a game changer for the u.s. military and means
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the border with syria is 120 kilometers away from here, much shorter flight than the four hour flight they had to make from the gulf before they allowed them to be used for those air strikes but for the air strikes to be there they rely on intelligence on the ground and worked with kurdish forces before but there are now suggestions the u.s. military is thinking of training up more fighters trained by the u.s. military who will enter syria and work alongside of the different rebel groups, different fighting groups in syria and working with those groups, those fighters especially trained by the u.s. military will target, will identify targets for those air strikes that will then be called in by the u.s. military, that way the u.s. hopes the air strikes will be much more effective and it says already 17,000 square kilometers of territory in syria has been
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cleared of i.s.i.l. but the whole operation just relying on air strikes, not using u.s. ground forces or turkish ground forces or ground forces from any other coalition means it's a very expensive operation to maintain. palestinian woman is in critical condition in hospital after being shot by an israeli soldier. witnesses deny israeli allegations that she attempted to stab the soldier, the shooting happened at a check point in hebron in the occupied west bank. four palestinian children have been detained by israeli soldiers in occupied east jerusalem and stopped on their way home from school on suspicion of throwing stones at soldiers and 25 children have been arrested recently, israeli army deployed thousands of officers in jerusalem before the holyist day in the calendar and
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the muslim eat holiday also begins this week and we are part of the advocacy unit of defense for children international palestine and he says israel takes advantage of the legal loopholes in its laws. >> the situation in east jerusalem is as following unlike the west bank the israeli law applies to palestinians leaving in east jerusalem and theory of the law provides palestinians and israelis with legal safeguards but in practices we found that in 2015 israeli practices of israeli police is violating the rights of palestinian children. israeli law applies to palestinians but legally speaking the misinterpretation of the law and use of exceptions by the israeli police deprive the palestinian children of their rights. given the fact that last year 700 palestinian children were in
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east jerusalem alone and the law ensures all the rights that were protected by the crc, the u.n. convention on the rights of the child but at the same time it allowed some exceptions of the rule in which the israeli police can use these exceptions in special circumstances but based on our research in 2015 and the first half we found out that the israeli police miss interpreted this and for example one example is from the house, according to israeli yes law the arrest should be used as a last resort but in the case of palestinian children, children are being arrested directly and arrested for offenses that were committed three months ago for example. so basically and this is the interpretation. the european union is holding a meeting in brussels to try and find a solution to the
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refugee crisis. interior ministers will be discussing how to relocate 120,000 refugees. now this comes just a day ahead of an emergency meeting held by european leader, eastern european countries are opposing those cquotas to have them accet refugees and failed to agree among themselves with a solution during talks they held on monday. now more than a quarter of a million refugees arrived in europe during the summer, during july and august. germany alone expects to host up to a million people this year and we have the regional director of the norwegian refugee council and says one way to solve the crisis is to help syria's neighbors. >> we have more than four million sitting in countries around syria and refugees sitting there almost five years
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now and their are systems available to them and it's decreasing by the day. the resources available to help alleviating the humanitarian suffering for those refugees is becoming less and less. consequently people find themselves in a more and more desperate situation and some are seeking the difficult route to europe, the dangerous route to europe to look for better options instead of sitting in very difficult situation without access to healthcare and without access to education for your children, food, et cetera. >> reporter: border countries in balkins that were crowded with people are empty as refugees are bussed to slovenia and austria and we report from the slovenia town. >> reporter: as chaotic as this summer has been it is becoming clear the refugees might hope
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their journeys will be a little quicker, a little less painful. but this reception center in the northern slovenia town are on the move closer to austria and then germany and are they happy about it. >> yes, it's quicker because the countries are there. >> reporter: when will you go to austria do you think? >> austria, maybe today after lunch. >> yeah. >> reporter: on the train? >> yes, on the train. >> reporter: unlike its neighbors to the southeast slovenia is showing a sense of logistical awareness and the red cross staff are waiting for the next lot to turn up and recognize here too the movements of people from serbia is getting faster. at the end of the summer it appears on the most basic level that europe is finally showing a bit more organization. >> translator: it's true we have 250 beds available here and the refugees change everyday, as soon as 250 leave the next people arrive. >> reporter: so the next bus
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turns up, off they come and are asked to go in. the reason why slovenia can cope with relatively slow reception centers is because the turn around of people are so fast and refugees we are told only spend about 12 hours here, have a rest, get changed and move on to the train station and that in turn frees up bed space for the next wave to come. staying a few hours was to much for this group and refused to go in and said they just wanted to go to the rail way station after weeks of being herded around by various police forces their patience have run out. >> take us to train station, thank you very much, thank you slovenia, that is it. >> reporter: they walked to lines a few meters up the road and to the train station and $18 would take them to the other side of the austria border and
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they could take it to.netter lands but are told they must go through another system in austria but something is working and the countries have given up to keep from from going where they want to lawrence lee, slovenia. >> europe tries to accommodate refugees we look at one country that has managed to find some order among the chaos. also china's president denies cyber attacks ahead of his historic state visit to the u.s. ♪
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♪ okay you're watching al jazeera and just remind you of our top stories and deadline for coup leaders to disarm or face attack by the army on burkina faso has passed and people welcomed the entry into the capitol ouagadougou to end the coup. also the u.n. envoy to lib yeah has proposed a peace deal to end the political crisis. and leon gave me two rival governments, the final text for unity of administration and deadline of october the 20th have been set for both sides to sign off. four palestinian children have been detained by israeli soldiers in occupied east jerusalem and they were stopped on their way home from school on suspicion of throwing stones at soldiers. human rights watch says the egyptian military's campaign against i.s.i.l. in northern
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sinai is having harming effects on thousands of civilians, the rights group says the government evicted over 3,000 families and raised thousands of homes in northern sinai. cairo is trying to create a buffer zone along its border with the gaza strip and it wants to destroy a network of cross border tunnels and says that i.s.i.l. uses them to move between egypt sinai peninsula and the gaza strip and we have an egyptian journalist and former editor of the newspaper and joins me live now in the studio, lovely to have you with us here on the set on al jazeera. why are they going for the houses, why demolish so many houses? what is the reasoning behind that? >> they want to have the clear object of course to create a buffer zone between egypt and gaza strip. that is the clear objective.
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but of course we shouldn't look upon today's behavior of today's government in isolation with the behavior of many previous governments since israel completed the resolve from sinai in 1982. since that date the central government in egypt, in cairo have adopted a very, very dubious policies towards sinai and the local people, egyptian sinai, locals and first you know and for most was to deprive them from any real development and especially north of sinai and the middle sinai and of course when you do that willingly and willfully then definitely you are doing it willingly and the government knew exactly the results and the outcome, the outcomes of such policies and
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creates a soil for extreme force in that region of egypt so was that done or has it been done deliberately to create such an environment? i'm asking this question, a lot of questions have been asked for the last 35 years and the central governments never answered any of them. >> okay well let's just go back to these demolitions they are carrying out and obviously the allegation here is those tunnels are being used to transport weapons. is there any basis, foundation in that? >> yes, of course, there is a network of tunnels, but what made the people, the locals create such tunnels, to dig such tunnels? it's again there have not been developments in this region for decades and no employment, nothing to do. so the only thing that they could do was to dig those
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tunnels. but, again, the core question is why egyptian governments, the central governments have adopted such suspicious policies towards that region of egypt. again, we shouldn't forget that a group like the international crisis group and everybody knows where this group is coming from have issued a study in 2004 about the independence state of sinai and this is a long story. >> let's pick up that story at a later date but for now thank you as ever. now the president of china is on his way to the united states, first stop in a few hours is seattle where xi jinping will be meeting technology company executives, both countries have been sparring over the issue of cyber security and apple is the latest u.s. company tackling a huge security breach in china,
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developers say they were tricked into using code to create apps and the tech giant has since removed those applications infected with malware from its app store. the chinese leader has defended his government and says it doesn't engage in hacking neither does it support the theft of commercial secrets and made the comments in an interview in "the wall street journal" and adrian brown reports. >> reporter: china's state controlled media portrays president xi jinping as a powerful leader, the guardian of an economy that remains strong even as it slows. >> he is arguably one of the strongest leaders but he also is going there at a time when there is very good optics because he is suddenly a chinese lead their is in command of a very large economy. >> reporter: ahead of this visit some of his senior advisors made a rare public appearance to brief the media, the president they said has a simple message for is u.s. host
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our economies remain dependent on each other especially now. >> translator: the two countries have some differences but that is not unusual. our shared interests are far wider than our differences. >> reporter: those differences are apparent in the south china sea. resent satellite photos appear to show china building a third runway in these disputed waters dispute a promise to end reclamation work. ♪ last month china showed off some of its latest military hardware but it's the technology you don't see that worries the u.s. government. >> the hardest issue perhaps is side warfare and will not budge an inch because he is actually expanding the cyber warfare capacity. >> reporter: china's state controlled media says this will be the most symbolically important visit by a chinese head of state since the former
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paramount leader went there 36 years ago and it has excitement because this country is emerging from decades of isolation and the atmosphere of this visit is likely to be very different. >> we have the hand huggers and dragon slayers and most of them are on debate stages right now bashing china so the mood of the country right now is very much of an anti-china feel to it. >> reporter: the view of the united states among most young chinese people appears very different, this is a generation for whom u.s. brands and culture had a big impact. >> translator: i remember when i was young, we were taught "i have a dream," going to america would be my dream. >> translator: i watched many american t.v. programs and movies, they have a lot of influence on my life. >> reporter: the two leaders last met in beijing almost a year ago, for president xi jinping this trip will be a
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further opportunity to enhance his international image and china's, a reminder as well he will be president a lot longer than his host. adrian brown, al jazeera, beijing. one of the world's richest fisheries off the coast of peru is dealing with the weather phenomenon known as el nino and are dying because of unusual warm water and mary ann sanchez has the report. >> reporter: they are going to ocean depths and disappearing and food for the pelicans and other species and el nino is felt here at this port and returned to see what it little he could get. >> translator: fish running away from the warm current and it's not good for us. >> reporter: the ocean current has been changing the eco system since march and heavy rains
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after november to effect cities and farming areas and 1.2 million people are at risk. >> translator: we still don't know 100% el nino phenomenon will be extraordinary but our comparative data tell uss it will between strong and extraordinary. >> reporter: to understand the magnitude of the phenomenon in 1997 the river rose so much it destroyed the bridge behind me. it left more than 3 1/2 billion dollars in damages and one-third of it happened here in the region which is usually the most effected by el nino. and maria lives in a ten hector dry lake that is one of the most vulnerable areas here and begun protecting her shack with bricks. >> translator: i have filled the surroundings of my home with bricks and i don't want to leave because this is all i have. >> reporter: authorities say people must evacuate because the area will be completely flooded. >> translator: i don't know where to go, the newspaper says we will be relocated but no one
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has come to tell us where it's safe to go. >> reporter: the governor is personally supervising the cleaning of river beds and clearing drainage systems and says the government should have begun preparations years ago. >> translator: reducing vulnerable points but no doubt the effects will be strong because despite going through two powerhouse el nino regions in years they did not prepare to prevent the floods and what it will have on our economy and we will not be able to stop the strong el nino effects. >> reporter: not all will be bad but the rains will help reforest station and filling aquifers and propheting on species abundant in warm waters but here they are afraid of what el nino may bring and they are among the poorest people with no where to go and time is running
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out for them. al jazeera, peru. don't forget plenty more coming up, and on our website too, the address for that is al, you can get all the latest on all the top stories we are covering here, stay tuned. >> pope francis holds one more mass in cuba before heading to the united states. his visit has contributed to what police call the biggest security operations ever in washington, new york and philadelphia. >> volkswagen stock loses billions more in value. >> china's president promises reforms but the technology and cyber security concerns threaten to


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