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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 22, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm EDT

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>> burkina faso coup leaders are ordered to back down and now they're ordered to hand back power. hello, i'm maryam nemazee. you're watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up fight be continues to push out yemen's rebels after the president returns after six months in exile. as pressure grows on th volkswagen, they'll be asked about the safety wear that
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helped to cheat emissions tests. >> hello there, is a fresh attempt to resolve the political cries in burkina faso after last week's coup. leaders will be heading to burkina faso on wednesday to discuss the disposed government. we're in the capital from we have this update. they feel confident because they feel reassured by the military presence who promised to protect them. the presidential guards are back in their barracks. now concerning the echo agreement we're expecting the visit of nigerian to come
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tomorrow morning to propose some of agreement remember the population here are very much frustrated with what th they are proposing. that's because one of the points of amnesty offered to the presidential guards. remember, this isn't just about the coup that happened last week. the presidential guards have been in power for the last 25 years. they've been i am tim dating the population and killing political opponents. here in civil society there is no question about it, they want that group disbanned. they feel that they've been robbed from these elections that were held. >> in abujo there have been emergency summits. >> they have excluded officials
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of the official leading party. this is what caused the coup because the presidential guard are concerned about their future. one of the issues to be discussed was the completely disband the presidential guard. the leaders who will tramp to burkina faso tomorrow will be talking to the coup leaders about the future, and whether they will be part of any democratic process going forward. but from discussions heard today it is very likely that they should yes they should be included. yes, they believe that an inclusive democratic process is the most important thing 37 nobody should be excluded in taking part in any democratic process even if they have been behind a coup. >> well, writing extensively on cups, he explains the reactions of the presidential guard in
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burkina faso. >> they have a long and contentious history with the armed forces. they were designed as a counterweight. before the president's period in office 27 years ago there were a good number of coups in burkina faso. after the rsp there weren't any successful coups, so they were successful. the rsp's relationship with the army is not a good one. the rsp is better trained, better equipped, and better paid, and they don't trust the army. that makes it difficult to understand what is going to happen next. hopefully the involvement to international mediators is going to be a positive one. there is an interest from the regional powers and also
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pressurburkina faso has been very important. important. >> yemen's president has finally returned to his country. abd rabbuh mansur hadi is now back in aden from where he fled in march as houthi fighters closed in. the rebels are remain in the north of the country. in aden shipments of aid are still arriving. >> millions of yemenis have suffered over the last few months because of the ongoing fighting between the houthies and forces backed by the former president ali abdullah saleh on
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one hand, and forces loyal to the president abd rabbuh mansur hadi. the aid which has been unloaded now is part of the assistance which has been provided by neighboring countries. but the international community is concerned. the problem is that the president and his government insist that they will only join political talks if the houthis surrender and hand over their weapons and pull out from the areas of control. demand which have been reject sod far by the houthis. the situation remains quite delicate, and yemen more politically divided than ever. al jazeera. aden. >> now, there are questions over the future of volkswagen's chief executive as the growing scandal grows. vw has admitted to using software that deceived regulators deceiving on toxic
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emissions on millions of its diesel cars. with penalties running into billions of dollars this is the man currently under pressure, chief executive martin winterkorn. he's credited with turning the vw fortunes around? it has been reported that winterkorn will be replaced on friday. but the man himself says he's not going anywhere. >> rob reynolds has more from berlin. >> chief executive martin winterkorn apologized and said such manipulation would never happen again. >> ladies and gentlemen, many millions of people across the world trust our brands, our cars, and our technologies. i'm endlessly sorry that we betrayed the trust. i apologize profusely to our clients, the authorities and the
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entire public for the wrongdoing. >> the scandal has shaken german industry. >> we're all pretty surprised by that. the a catastrophe not only for volkswagen but for all the german car makers, and it's bad for the brand made in germany because volkswagen someone one of our big brands that stand for german quality. >> even chancellor angela merkel was forced to address the stunning instance of corporate deceit. >> i hope that it will be put on the table as quickly as possible. >> volkswagen installed software that tricked emissions tests into giving the cars a passing grade even though they emitted more pollution while on the road. the company issued a statement saying 11 million vehicles are
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affected. it had set aside 6.5 billion euros for recalls and servicing, and it says that volkswagen does not tolerate violations of laws and will make winning back consumer trust it's top priority. unlike other auto recalls involving design flaws or defective parts, volkswagen is accused much deliberately hatching a technologically sophisticated way to deceive. >> i think whenever you have a situation where something is calculated and malicious and there is a desire to deceive, the half life is longer for recovery. >> on wednesday a committee of volkswagen board members and major shareholders will hold an emergency meeting. a board member said that he
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expects senior company heads will roll. al jazeera, berlin. >> all right, we can now speak to daniel, a mechanical engineer at virgini west virginia university. it was his reso much that helped to uncover the problem. can you explain to us, who are not engineers, and who prompted it in the first place. >> we were hired to conduct some testing of passenger car diesels in the united states.
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>> we took one vehicle from the l.a. area to seattle-washington and measured emissions using commercially available missions systems. we used the systems voided by tested instruments. >> were you surprised at the initial results? yes, we've been doing this work for quite some time, over 25 years. the whole sector of emission testing we were involved in from the time of decrees with heavy duty manufacturers back in 1998. we pioneered the work used in emission testing. we've seen very good performance on emissions control. >> and when it emerged that
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volkswagen was essentially cheating, what was the process? >> we had data that while we were collecting our data independently, we had colleagues from the california resourc resources board that were using the same three vehicles that we had, and testing them in a test much like would be used to do the certification testing, and we were seeing quite a disperty between the two emission levels produced by the vehicles. about a year later we made a public presentation in conjunction with icte the public forum, and we were questioned about some of the results, and we provided feedback from those. to be honest with you it had been roughly a year since we had heard anything. we assumed this had been taken care of through voluntary recall, and hadn't really kept
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close track until friday when we got notification from the epa and their resources board providing information that said that the review had been brought on early on and presented the results. and the world wind of media started, and here we are now. >> here we are now. difficult for you to answer this because i know that everything that we have here is based on some very specific research. this could be something that effects other car makers as well, that they've been effectively doing the same thing? >> i can't conjecture that. i can't say that both europe and the united states are looking at what the future for regulation and enforcement looks like in compliance testing. this is one of those situations that will be used and discussed and one of the bases for redefining what the future of
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the testing and compliance with the emissions will be. >> and does your research suggest, the results of your research suggest that it is the deliberate misleading of the actual emissions coming from these cars? >> i can't comment as to whether it's deliberate. i can just comment on what data shows, and we show the discrepancy between on the road performance and performance in the test field. >> thank you very much, mechanical engineer, really good to get your thoughts on this. appreciate your time. >> thank you. >> well there, is more to come for you on al jazeera. >> a rock star's welcome for pope francis on his first-ever visit to the u.s. sure, tv has evolved over the years.
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>> welcome back to al jazeera. let's update you on the top stories. west african president are headed to burkina faso on wednesday. talks to reinstate the ousted president, but follows the coupe's leader's refusal to back down. yemen's president returns to aden after six months in exile. volkswagen ceo has been asked to
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step down after charges of emission cheating tests. but martin winterkorn refuses to step down. many refugees are fleeing war and oppression and poverty in western africa. jacky rowland is in bruce else. >> brussels. >> local volunteers go to the rescue of a dinghy. they see a greater emergency. a man is drowning and they rescue him. it is symbolic of a huge challenge as they struggle to cope with the refugee crisis. >> meanwhile, in brussels interior ministers were meeting not for the first time to try to agree on a plan to shell ou out
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120,000 refugees across the european union. >> the commission made the proposal. we know that some member states were not in favor of the proposal. but those member states say, said, we'll have a vote. you know our position. but we'll respect the outcome of the vote because that is what we do. and so these member states all of them respect the outcome of the vote. >> hungary is one of the country's most hostile quota systems. it is installing fences to keep refugees out. slovakia, romania and the czech republic voted against the proposal. >> i would like to confirm that i will also refuse during the meeting of prime ministers any attempt to bring into life a permanent mechanism for dividing up refugees. i refuse any mechanism we're convinced of the e.u. member countries hold their own sovereignty. it is the individual governments
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that will hold the stream of migration into the territory. >> their opposition has less to do with the numbers of refugees involved and more to do that they've been bullied by germany and brussels. they say they'll enforce the quotas but it has not said how it intends to do that. >> while tuesday has been about what to do with refugees already in europe, wednesday will be how to keep more people out. prime ministers will look at ways to improve the screening of the asylum seekers and to speed up the deportation of people europe decides have no right to stay. jacky rowland, al jazeera, brussels. >> chinese president xi jinping has arrived in seattle at the start of his first state visit to the usa. he'll spent three days meeting with business and technology leaders before heading to washington for fashion with president barack obama. security talks will is set to be
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on the agenda after breaches in china. pope francis' plane has touched down. it is his first trip there. in a rare honor president barack obama greeted him on the tarmac in maryland instead of waiting for him at the white house. during the six-day visit, they'll address congress and speak at the united nations in new york. well, it's hoped the pope's visit will booth catholicism in the u.s. many latinos have been abandoning their faith or joining other churches. [ bell ringing ] >> the catholic cup church hispanic in the u.s. are extremely significant. many were raised in the faith and have a growing influence on the religious and political influence in northern america. latinos here are leaving in
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large numbers. many are switching faiths and joining episcopal and evangelical churches while many do not attend church at all. this man said that roman catholics whose priests practice celibacy need to adapt to modern times. i don't see the reformer pope. homosexual people are not welcome no the church. >> the rates in which latinos are leaving catholicism have surprised many. according to the pew research, 1 in 4 latinos are lapsed
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catholics. those low the age of 30 hardly consider themselves catholic, and for the church they're a key demographic. they make up half of the population in the u.s. of latinos. experts say that it's a significant sign of changing times. >> i think part of it is because those who are born in the states or who women here at a very young age and are raised in the states it's not part of their up bringing in the same way. with immigration you lose that generational continue glit if hispanic are as many believe are the future of catholicism in the u.s. then the church may be in trouble. if they continue to drift away from the faithful or go elsewhere, the catholic church will steadily lose members and for now that seems inevitable. >> now the riding cost of medicine is becoming a major issue in the u.s. presidential campaign. it's been prompted by 5,000% talk in the cost of a life
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saving pill long available on the market. tom ackerman reports. >> this is daraprim which treats an infection suffered by hiv and other immuned-compromised patients. last month the bill cost $13.05. now it is being sold by $750, 50 times more expensive. recent makers have justified their pricing based on the cost of as much and risk and development. but daraprim is a generic which enjoys no patent for 60 years. the maker rejects charges that it is gauging users. >> for us to try to exist and maintain a profit i think it is reasonable. >> the price of one in every four generic drugs studied rose,
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most of them doubling in cost. huge price hikes for old drugs have no just any case. >> even if you pay the price your diabetes does not get 50% better when you pay 50% more. it's the same drug. it works the same way, and it has the same result for the patient if it has access to it. >> drug price something a prime campaign issue for presidential contender. >> i'm going to address starting how we're going to try to control the cost of skyrocketing prescription drugs. it's something that i hear about everywhere i go. >> but regulation would not be easy. the u.s. is the only developed nation in which drug makers are free to set their own prices even government purchasing agencies may only negotiate but not dictate what they're charged. as for daraprim, it's offering a special discount program for, quote, patients in need. but otherwise will not lower
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it's retail price. tom ackerman, al jazeera, washington. >> brazil's president is facing a tough week ahead. dilma rousseff is trying to convince congress to reduce the cut of public safer jobs and freeze pay for employees as she faces impeachment. >> things in brazil moving extremely quickly as dilma rousseff is trying to shore up her government. there has been talk about clothin closing 39 ministries. meanwhile, the government is desperately trying to distance itself from a massive corruption scandal involving the state oil company petrobras, which has implicated several construction
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firms and senior politicians. president rousseff has been trying to distance tears from that corruption scandal, but no doubt that her confidence is questioned in the future of that government. things are looking difficult. she's involved in negotiations with members of other hen party trying to shore up support, in members of the opposition trying to impeach her for her handling the situation, and her closeness to that corruption scandal. meanwhile, the economy taking a battering, the brazilian currency, the government looking to try to implement some kind of confidence in the situation here. people here outside of the congress protesting. things moving very, very fast here in brasilia. meanwhile the rest of the country very nervously watching and waiting. >> four years of prolonged drought this the u.s. state of
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california is threatening the world's largest trees. jacob ward visited the national forest to see how giant sequoias are being affected. >> giant sequoias like this are very, very special. they are the largest organisms on earth, and they're ancient. but after four years of drought and the warming effects of climate change researchers are worried about the future. >> they were losing their older needles, their older leaves in amounts that were--i had never seen before. >> roughly 2,500 years old, this one pre-dates christianity and islam. but more importantly for today is how tall it is. it is over 735 meters, more than 240 feet tall. scientists are going to go up in it today to take some water samples, and god help me i'm going to follow them. oh, oh man. >> anthony ambrose leads a team
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from berkeley. he climbs to the very tops of these trees to test fortress. the size means they eanother must amounts of water. >> they might use between 500 to 800 gallons of water in a single summer day. >> the trouble is the serie-a know pack that provides the trees with water is now at a 500 year low. the sequoias which have survived droughts for years, but now this is unprecedented. >> after four years of drought they seemed to be holding up. another year as severe as this one i would say all bets are off. >> this tree was a seedling during the roman empire and adolescent when mohammed was alive. the history of the united states is a tiny fraction of its past. the question is whether it and
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it's kind can survive here in the future. jacob ward, al jazeera, serie-a national park california. >> well, you can find the latest on everything that we're covering right here. www.aljazeera.com is where you need to go. [ ♪ music ] . >> after break towns in trust between police and the public special commissions study the problems and try to recommend solution, that was the case in ferguson, missouri after the killing of michael brown by a white police officers. conceding from the get go that talking about race makes people uncomfortable the commission says honesty confronting the problems was the only way forward. and it issued its report.

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