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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 23, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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♪ coup leaders and the army loyal to burkina faso's ousted interim government sign a truce. ♪ ♪ from al jazeera's headquarters in doha, also ahead on the program. e.u. meters prepare for an emergency beating in brussel as agreeing to share the relocation of refugees, president jinping says they will fight cyber crime. >> reporter: he brought
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catholicism to california and that's provoked outrage among native americans who say he preside over their genocide. that's coming up. european union leaders are due to hold an emergency meter on the refugees crisis. they are heading to brussels after interior ministers overcame stiff opposition from eastern european countries and approved a plan to relocate some 120,000 refugees. laurence lee has our first report. >> reporter: as far as europe's reputation for handling a crisis goes, not to mention its aim as a liberal idea. summer refugees crisis has threatened the foundations of the union. it's witnessed people running for their lives and having to endure drowning at sea. the police in macedonia are accused of beating refugees for daring to pass through. hungary on the pretext of
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protecting christanvals in europe constructed the sort of fence the european union had saw to tear down and the authorities tried to refuse the right of refugees to move on, but once then got up and walked off from butte pest train station things began to change, hungary caved in the people that walked and walked fromme serbia over the board never to croatia were eventually put onto buses, those dumped odd had been gar vinnie border were close to all industry a others stuck on the border with slovenia but once there they were offered better support. but so many people think volunteers stepping in where governments could not could barely believe the response from europe had been so disorganized. >> frankly speaking, we are talking about human beings here, and the way they are treated is something that they will take with them. now, if welcome them, they will be welcome. they. >> reporter: they will take this women them as well. >> yeah, they will be within our, they will be with us.
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if we buildup fences, if we use pepper spray, water canyons, they will be against us. >> reporter: the one country in central europe to buck the trend was germany, but it's not been able to persuade the new members of the e.u. for help. the quota systems looks unlikely to succeed. for all the apparent good intentions of the quota system, the problem with it is it doesn't meet the demands of the refugees any more than it meets the demand of various european member states because the refugees would be asked to go to places they don't want to go to, in countries which don't really want them either. as summer end the flow of refugees will decrease and the empty tents december straight that european countries gave up stopping them from moving through. europe may have a few over the winter to figure out how to do it better next year. >> lawrence groins us live now.
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hungary not very happy about this i suppose. has there been a reaction? >> reporter: no, that's for to put it the mildest way you could. hungary doesn't want to take anybody at all and i am sure it will say when victor orban the prime minister turns up at the meeting in brussels today it's fundamentally undemocratic and it wouldn't be a surprise at this point if he said he would like a referendum in his own country to see if people are prepared to accept this. you know, not only many of the eastern european countries say that they have been basically steam rolled in to this by germany. but as i said in the report it also raises the question of whether it meets the needs of the refugees as well, because [ technical difficulties ] any pass through orin tending to set up in say the netherlands and sweeter might then be told by something, now you are going to poland or slovakia where they
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don't want to go? the countries don't want them other. the interior minister said this would stop asylum tourism and people don't have the right to decide where they want to go. it also suggests the european union despite all the disunity that you witness every single day, that you are trying to pro tent that the -- that it can act in a unified way, clearly that isn't the case all the. >> okay, laurence, we'll leave it there, laurence lee on the hungary austria border, thank you. hundreds of expwreefs have gathered on the serbian border with croatia waiting to allowed to be let in. they have been using the crossing after hungary sealed its border. 35,000 refugees cross ed in to croatia in the past week. coup leaders and the army loyal to the ousted interim government in burkina faso have signed a truce. the president of senegal, toga, benen and nigeria are due to fly
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to the country in their attempt to reinstall the deposed government. nikola joints us live. we have agreed, they have signed a truce, what has happened since then. >> reporter: well, this was an agreement signed between the general that was responsible for the coup and four army generals. under the us piss of the traditional leader of the burkina faso known here as the moral authority in the country. and really five points here, that were agreed to, the presidential guards are to remain in their barracks, they have 72 hours to give the military a full list of their armorment. in exchange, the army agrees to remove their troops 50-kilometers outside the capital and guarantees the safety of the presidential guard and their family. now, this deal was really
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chalked out late in to the night just before the arrive of the president. [ inaudible ] and four other presidents. and they are going it try to push their framework agreement. in their framework agreement there are several points that a civil society here completely disagreed with, one of which is the amnesty of the presidential guards. because the presidential guards are not only responsible for the coup for the civilian population they are also responsible for the intimidation of public for the last 25 years since the last president was in power 27 years ago. but it's important for them to restore some sense of reconciliation. it's not a question that there is impunity, but it's important
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that the government decides what happens with the presidential guards. for them, the key issue here is to hold elections. the elections that were planned on the 11th of october, according to the agreement, an election has to happen before the 22nd of november. but what all of these deals mean for the people on the ground here is there is a return to normal. i can see people are coming back on the streets. shops are opening up. there is a lot of hope with this agreement and the return of the presidents coming here. hopefully something will be signed and there will be a return to normal. >> okay, thank you very much for that update. thank you. nicholas just updating us on the latest from burkina faso where a truce has been signed. next, another insurgent meeting of volkswagen executives is due to be held, the world's largest selling car manufacturer
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has admitted fitting 11 million diesel cars with devices designed to cheat emission test results. well, volkswagen representatives have been questioned in south korea. the united states has launched a criminal probe and france says it's also investigating the company. rob reynolds is in the headquarters there in northern germany. how are germans perceiving this scandal? >> reporter: you know, this company has kind of a special place in german society and in one history tend of the second world war when this country lay in ruins. they produced the people's car that literally the translation
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and began exporting them and over the years, became a very large and powerful company and helped to revive the german economy and create the miracle of the 1/9/60s and '70s. it's also a company where 600,000 employees work and they have a sense of corporate pride in their product and in the way that company has thrived and that's a reason why the chairman, ceo of the company in his televised apology yesterday was so personal about it, saying he had let down the workers, he had let down the cust america the company was, you know, so sorry for having breached that trust. it's definitely been a strong breach of trust and the company
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is going to pay a price for it. >> you say they will pay a price. i mean, they have apologized but will the markets and most importantly their public forgive them? do you think they'll survive this? >> reporter: it's an enormous company. as you mentioned it's one of the largest company says -- largest car companies in the world. and all of the economists that we have spoken to said this will not be a fatal blow for volkswagen. the people at the top will probably lose their jobs but the company will survive. you just have to look at the example of toyota this [cheering] in 2009 had a terrible issue with acceleration pedals sticking and causing cars to gain speed without control of the driver, causing several fatalitfatalities and there wasa
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massive recall of toyota vehicles in that cass, but toyota survived and went on and sold even more cars the following year. remember as well this scandal is about cheating on emissions tests. it's not about a safety issue. so i think it's pretty certain that despite the fact that volkswagen has lost a lot of its money in materials of its share price and will probably take a hit in sales, the company is going to survive. >> okay, we'll leave it there, rob reynolds, thank you very much. stay with us, because still to come on the program, the business opportunities at home that are inspiring more and more ethiopian says living a broad to return. also. thousands of muslim devotees from around the world are gathered in saudi arabia from the hajj in the holy city of mecca.
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hello, you are watching al jazeera, a reminder the head lanes, coup leaders and the army loyal to the ousted government in burkina faso have signed a truce. the presidential guar guards tht staged the coup has agreed to remain in their barracks. european union leaders are due to hold an insurgent meeting on the refugees crisis, o tuesday interior ministers overcame stiff opposition from european countries and approved a plan to relocate 120,000 refugees.
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vehicle wagon has admitted fitting 11 million diesel cars with devices designed to cheat emission test results. it's ceo has apologized. now, chin's presiden china's started his visit out to united states saying beijing remains committed to economic reforms and an open economy. bay jinx wants to deepen investment ties and he also spoke about the controversial issue of cyber security. >> the international community on the bases of mutual respect and trust must work together to build a peaceful, secure, and open cyberspace, china is ready to set up a high-level joint dialogue mechanism with the united states on fighting cyber crimes. >> alan has more from seattle.
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>> reporter: chinese president jinping is headed to washington for his first official state visit to the u.s., he will meet with members of congress and address the united nations. but first he will spend three days in the seattle area meeting with business leaved former washington governor gary lock served as u.s. ambassador to china under president obama. >> between our two countries every day flow almost one and a half billion dollars of goods and services and millions of jobs in america depend on that trade with china. our trade has grown astronomically over the last steve years. >> reporter: xi is scheduled to toure boeing manufacturing plant and have dinner with microsoft's bill gates. american tech firms are looking for some kind of assurances that they can do business fairly in china without undue government interference. >> obviously a big concern about cyber security. obviously a concern about the lack of the level playing field for american firms in china.
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discrimination against foreign firms. as well as the lack of the rule of law. and inadequate protections of our intellectual property, or trade secrets. >> reporter: xi is the fourth consecutive chinese lead tore visit the northwest, long time tech writer and current seattle times columnist sees the area as a natural stop over. >> they want to encourage entrepreneurs to build company that his thrive not just in china but internationally. what better examples are there than to come to seattle and look at microsoft, starbucks and boeing. >> reporter: it will likely be a soft landing in the west before more substantive talks and a harder line at a much higher level back east. >> we are preparing a number of measures that will indicate to the chinese that this is not just a matter of us being mildly upset but is something that will
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put significant restrains on the bilateral relationships. >> i think it's a goods cop-bad cop situation where we can play good cop here and talk about entrepreneurialism and trade relationships and hopefully obama will play the bad cop and take a firmer line on some of these things. things. >> reporter: the visit comes at time when china is trying to settle territorial claims in the south china sea by flexing military muscle. that and trade all expected to be on the agenda when the two president meet. allen, al jazeera, seattle. more and more ethiopians are living a broad are returning home to look for business opportunities. the opportunity has one of the fastest growing economies in africa but also remains one of the poorest countries in the world. charles stratford reports now. >> reporter: life is pretty good for sami and his cousin and business partner dee. after living and working in the
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united states almost 20 years, they have come back to ethiopia and opened a nightclub. >> it is actually becoming an international city, attracting people from all over the world and in my experience, working in the service industry, it was an easy decision to me, it's very exciting to be back here. >> reporter: ethiopians left the countries in the thousands throughout the 1970s and '80s. but since the government was overthrown in 1991 the country has enjoyed years of relative stability and now investment from abroad is pouring in. there are building sides like this all over oath open year has one of the fastest growing economies in the world but the government says that if it is seriously going to being at thattal issues of poverty here then it has to attract investment from the estimated
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2.5 million ethiopians living abroad. it's estimated that the ethiopian diaspora contributes about $3 billion a year to the economy in remittances but oath yoap is one of the poorest countries the world are world it's per capita gdp is order only around $550. critics accuse the regime of seeking greater control of the dais pa many of whom helped fund the political opposition. >> they have to take part in investing in trade, in technology maybe, in looking for markets for ethiopian commodities and this is exactly what. [ inaudible ] are doing now. we are brick by brick building a new democratic system. we cannot say this is perfect, because it's in a process. >> reporter: analysts say the diaspora's international experience is vital. >> they also bring what i think
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is actually more needed in african and just like in ethiopian as well is the knowledge, the know how, and the global exposure. and the world class way of doing things that they bring to an emerging economy bike ethiopia. you have to look at that time from two aspects. growth of the ethiopian economy over the laugh 10 or 11 years, you know the numbers, 10 plus percent when you see foreign investment coming in in large volume in a concerted effort by the state to attract these people and show them what is going off. i think it's starting to resonate. >> reporter: that's certainly true for sami and dee, a time to celebrate and contribute to the growth of the country they always called home. charles stratford. let's take i live to moscow there we have mr. putin he is attending the reopening of the moscow central mosque, sitting next to him and also attending
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is the palestine authority president mahmoud a boss, that is the mosque you can see there. are brand-new, built. it was originally built in 1904, also attending is turkey erdog erdogan. it was demolished for a number of reasons, one of the official reasons given was that it was in dire need of repair. but significant real that i mr. putin will be attending this reopening on the eve of eid. peter sharp is in moscow and we spoke to him earlier. >> reporter: it's been described as one of the biggest mosques in europe. it can handle more than 10,000 worshipers. it's taken 10 years to build. there has always been a mosque here but the old mosque was detroit on september 11th, 2012 and the building started shortly after that. it cost $170 million, not from russian state funds, these are funds that were raised by muslim
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communities right across the world. but it still won't solve the problem of finding enough space in mosques in moscow, there are only five mosques here. and the population, the muslim population in moscow is approaching 2 million. and they estimate that by 2050. half of russia's population will be muslim. it's seen today as russia repositioning itself in the muslim world and also in syria in particular with its increased footprint there. well, it's a day of religious ceremony in the morning, this afternoon there will be a political agenda. the many muslim leaders visiting for the ceremony and people like the turkish press and mahmoud abbas will be meeting with putin later in the afternoon. >> pete are sharp there in moscow. let's take you to mecca now, saudi arabia. fabulous shot there. look at the crowds. devotees of islam attending the
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all-important hajj. today is the day of. [ inaudible ] for muslims and on this day, hill grimes complete one of the most sensual rituals of the hajj itself. and it's actually taking place on mount or fat where millions of muslims will be asking for forgiveness and it's also the site where the prophet mohamed gave his farewell sermon in the last year of his life. the followers of islam need to move together through a set of rituals, at different sites as i just described around the holy city of mecca. more than 2 million muslims will be taking part in the spiritual journey from around the world. the final rich up up rituals ben tuesday and will end in five days. omar september us this update. >> reporter: it's the essence of hajj if a pilgrim missed being here they will have their hajj invalidated.
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now, this is considered the pillar of new hampshire, we have about 2 million pilgrims gathered here in the plain and the mount of mercy behind me, they will be asking god for forgiveness and blessings, by the end of the day around sunset the pilgrims leave the plain and will continue the rituals of new hampshire. hajj, now having 2 million people in one place poses a security threat. we understand that they have deployed more than 50,000 security troops to secure the area not only in or fa or fat bt other areas you also have a health hazard, with 2 million people you need medics, we understand around 15,000 medical teams are deployed they hope the hajj season will go smooth and well. during his visit to the americas pope francis plans to
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make jun junipero serra a saint think he converted 90 million in california to christian anti. some doubt the way he lived his wiflife he is not worthy of sait hood. >> reporter: caroline is may go a minute by foot to each of the missions established by serra from san francisco to california. >> my son and i decided to walk for all of our ancestors. >> reporter: it's not a pill glitch of celebration it's a condemnation of serra and pope francis' decision to make him a shipments. >> it's a slap in the face of the catholic which of to make sainthood a as far as. it's fact it's not something we imagined. it's fact that he was not a nice person. >> reporter: serra was the architect of the mission system. outposts of the military and catholic church established to
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imprint spanish colonial rule on the indigenous population. >> they always say the indians went voluntarily. >> not true at all. that's why they had the military with them to capture the indians. because once, you know, maybe perhaps the very first wave the of indians came in out of curiosity, but they soon learned once you came to the mission you can never leave again. >> reporter: valentine lopez has written to the pope several times to explain the crutial at this of the missions. >> they would capture the women examine tie the women together thumb by thumb to form a human train and once they captured the well, they would march them back to the mission. and it was just a matter of time best husbands and fathers came to be with their family. they had women berricks men and children. they lockedded them at night. the soldiers had the keys for the women and children the soldiers would go in to the dorm tories and continuously approximate and repeatedly wait the women and rai rape the chil.
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>> my feelings are that serra was a very, very good person, in a very stinky rotting institution that we call colonialism. and it's possible in any oppressive system that there are good people. >> reporter: serra's supporters say he intercede today prevent the worse excesses of span he should soldiers his detractors points to his own letters where he advocates whipping indians. there is no sign of the debate in washington where serra will be cannon ice canonized. here it is cheater either he believe the souls need to be saved or you don't. >> i suppose that's true. >> reporter: pope francis has talked about the grave since against indians but 10s of thousands fair i should within the establishment of serra's mission system. i believe doubling news communities are find to go difficult to decipher pope
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francis' local i can. >> don't forget plenty more on our website including the latest in burkina faso with the two rival sides have signed a truce. keep yourself up-to-date with what is happening there and around the world online. >> for some reason as she was working this is what he did. withwolf whistles). the more peep that hear the story, the true story, no matter if you know nothing about the south, you knew that was long, you thought that child was brutalized that way. before you have reconciliation,


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