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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 28, 2015 10:00am-10:31am EDT

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>> welcome back. you're watching the president of brazil address the unite united nations general assembly. she's the first speaker. pup when she's done president barack obama will address the unga. and in the meantime, we'll bring you other news. shell is suspendings its quest drilling oil in the arctic. it has spent years drilling oil
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in the arctic but it has not paid off. shell said traces of oil and gas were found in the sea about 80 miles off alaska's northwest coast but the company said it was not able to find enough resources to warrant exploration. shell said that the high cost in the arctic and tough federal regulations led to the unexpected decision to halt drilling for now. technically today was the last day shell was able to drill in the arctic. under the federal drilling permit, regulators had required shell to stop safely weeks before ice formed in the area. the decision to stop exploration
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for the foreseeable future is seen as a cricket. in july protesters boarded kay kayaks and this picture reads bye bye, and don't come back. >> for now, the exploratory well will be sealed and abandoned. pope francis is back in the vatican this morning. thinks final message before leaving the u.s. to be open to miracles of love. we have a look at the pope's final day in philadelphia. on sunday the pope had a message for the bishops. >> god weeps for the sexual
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abuse of children. it cannot be remain in secret. i will ensure that all responsible will be held accountable. >> the vatican said that pope francis met and prayed with the victims, which included three women and two men and continuing with the message, pope francis met with prisoners and their families at the correctional facility. as he entered the hall, he gave a thumbs up to the walnutwood chair that infates made for him. pope francis encouraged the inmates to get their lives back on track. >> this time in your life can only have one purpose. to get your hand on the right road. to give you a hand to get into society. >> shaking hands with the men and women and even getting some hug its. he took time to thank the
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inmates for the hand-made chair. >> the chair is beautiful. thank you very much for the hard work. thank you. >> the 78-year-old people's pope seems to feed off the energy of the crowd. stopping to kiss several babies as he made his way up the benjamin franklin parkway. thousands of people took part in the mass. >> a family that shows that the spirit is alive andality work will encounter our gratitude and appreciation. whatever the family, people, region or religion to which they belong. >> 3,000 priests celebrated the mass with the pope. at the airport vice president joe biden and his wife dr. jill
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biden came to say goodbye to the pontiff. >> i ask you to please bear, god bless america. >> jonathan martin, al jazeera, philadelphia. >> presidential candidate donald trump is set this morning to unveil his tax plan. the wall street journal said it will raise taxes on the wealthy and reduce taxes on the poor. and he said that his plan will grow the economy. >> our middle class got decimated. it will be a cooperate reduction and great incentive for corporations. >> who are you going to raise
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taxes on? >> some very wealthy are going to be raised. some people who have unfair reductions will be raised. it will be an incentive to grow the economy. and we'll take the same and more money and we'll have something to be spectacular. >> a new poll shows that losing ground to ben carson. now there is a tightening race for democrats running for president. if you take president joe biden, clinton's lead jumps 15%. but biden has not said if he's going to run. and carly fioria, part of a backdrop collapsed. no injury, and fiorina went on to talk for another half our.
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and joked that rivals donald trump or having could have been behind it. in afghanistan, taliban raided the city of kunduz where eight people are now dead. the police fired tear gas and stun grenades as a compound and th jews are allowed to visit the site but cannot pray there. voters are inching closer to
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independence from spain. what is expected to give a pan date to split from spain officials promise to launch an independent campaign by 2017. catalonia has been moving towards a break from spain for the last five years. german prosecutors have opened an investigation into the volkswagen's ceo. martin winterkorn resigned last week. 11million cars were affected, and today audi revealed 2.1 million of its cars also have that software. let's take a look at the u.n. general assembly. it looks like the crowd coming in has slowed down. that could mean that everyone is where they are supposed to be.
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president barack obama has arrived with first lady michelle obama. we'll bring you that meeting shortly on the other side of the break. keep it here.
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>> well, this is the entry way into the unga, the united nations general assembly. it's been very busy this morning, but most everyone is in their seats. this is dilma rousseff, the president of brazil, the first speaker. when she wraps up, the next speaker already president barack obama, we saw him arrive just a few minutes ago with first lady michelle obama. i know your name, mike, i'm
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trying to get your title right. i want to give you your dues. let's talk more about barack obama. he has got a lot on his agenda today. he'll be talking about syria, and the president has had a lot of criticism about how things have been happened in syria, perhaps the backing of leadership. let's talk about the obama doctrine, such as it is. >> well, richelle, you make a great point, such as it is. people have been groping for what the obama doctrine might be. the white house is loathed to use that term a one size fits all term, they don't want to be constrained by it. but if you look at the way problem has approached international conflicts, there is an emerging pattern.
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the president wants regional leaders to take the lead. we're seeing that in yemen, saudi arabia, and egypt and other countries around the region have taken the forefront, the vanguard and the military fight against the houthi rebels. now sometimes it gets out of control. sometimes it's more than what the white house anticipated or the american government would like to see. sways in yemen is something that is out of control and the white house feels should be ratcheted back. taking fighter missions against targets on the ground, but now we have regional nations taking part, nothing them saudi arabia as well. sometimes it does not work out. you look at the president's policy towards syria where the president wanted to train with
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the help of the saudis and the turks and the moderate veteranned opposite says. that has become a farce when weather top military officials were forced to testify in front of congress to admit that of the 5,000 that were promised to take up arms against isil of the indigenous forces in syria, they have five individuals. they're going to abandon that strategy. when you look across the spectrum, you see the president obviously emphasizing diplomacy again to his detriment sometimes, to the edit treatment of allies when bashar al-assad used chemical weapons. he found ways to get the memory weapons out of the region. but he reacts angrily when he is
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told to take military force. the track he has chosen chosen takes patience. >> does the president's approach line up with where the majority of the american people are after the number of wars that they have been through for so long? >> you make a great point. it's almost a moot point to determine who lost syria, how did we get to this point, should there have been a more robust response at the beginning of the begin flick? perhaps there should have been. when unrest first raised its head in syria. should the president and it'sallies acted more forcebly, loft people feel that he should. but the political reality within the united states is obviously, this is a president who came into office promising to end the
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war in afghanistan, which ultimately became the longest war in u.s. history before the president enacted its plan of withdraw. it's still undergoing it's withdraw. ending the situation in iraq. a war-weary nation. no question about it. you see that reflected in the president. no boots on the ground. no combat boots on the ground in iraq. we have a situation where the fight against isil by the president's own commission o on on the ground have lost to isil. the constant influx of new recruits has enabled it to maintain its grip after a year. >> mike, i'm going to ask you this next question, and i may have to cut you off because dilma rousseff has just finished speaking, meaning the president may come up very shortly.
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in the meantime, who do we think the president might be paying attention to over the next few days here at the unga. >> we do have a bilateral with raul castro, who is also speaking today. that in itself is going to be groundbreaking. the first such meeting between these two men since the normalization of relations, ending the close of diplomatic isolation and acrimony between the two countries. his speech today coming up in a few minutes will emphasize the success as the president sees it of the iran deal, of the diplomacy that began in secret. earlier we were talking about the effectiveness of the u.n.s and his role on the world stage and the dominance of the permanent five members, as it comes across to the purview of
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the united nations. well, the president involved in secret talks, and the p-5, many of those nations had absolutely no idea that those talks were going on. so there were some sore points, some bad feelings about that as well. so the president will emphasize that the success of that diplomatic effort. his political victory moving forward, holding that as a model as the president prepares to take the roster. >> let's go ahead and listen. >> mr. president, it is worth reflecting together the members
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of this body that helped to achieve. out of the ashes of the second world war, having witnessed the unthinkable power of the atomic age, the united states has worked with many nations in this assembly to prevent a third world war. by forging alliances with old adversaries, by supporting the steady emergence of strong dempseys accountable to their people instead any foreign power, and by building an international system that opposes a cost on those who choose conflict over cooperation. an order that recognizes the dignity and equal worth of all people. that is the work of seven
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decades. that is the ideal that this body at its best has pursued. of course, there have been too many times when collectively we have fallen short of these ideals. over seven decades terrible conflicts have claimed untold victims. but we have pressed forwar slowly, steadily to make a system of international rules and norms that are better and stronger and more consistent. it is this initial order that is under written unparalleled advances in human liberty and prosperity. it is this collective endeavor in a has brought about diplomatic cooperation between the world's major powers and
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buttress the global economy that has lifted millions people from poverty. it is these international principles that has helped constrain bigger countries imposing their will on smaller ones and advance the emergence of democrats and economy o and liberty on every continent. this progress is real. it is be documented in lives saved and agreements forged and mouths fed. yet, we come together today knowing that the march of human progress never travels in a straight line. that our work is far from complete. the dangerous currents risk pulling us back into a darker, more disordered world.
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today we see the collapse of strong men and fragile states breeding conflict, and men and women crossing boards on an epic scale. brutal networks of terror have stepped into the vacuum. technologies that empower individuals are now also exploited by those who spread this information or suppress descent or radicalize our youth. the empowered growth in investment but also risk con today scent, weakening the bargaining power of workers and accelerating inequality. how should we respond to these trends? there are those who argue that
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the ideals enshrined in the u.n. charter are unachievable or out of date. the legacy of a post-war era not suited to our own. effectively they argue for return to the rules that apply for most of human history and pre-date this institution. the belief that power is a zero-sum game, that might makes right. that strong states must impose their will on weaker ones. that the rights of individuals don't matter. and that in a time of rapid change order must be imposed by force. on this basis we see some major powers insert themselves tha that goes against international
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law. we see huma the erosion of human rights. information is strictly controlled. the space for civil society restricted. we're told that such is required to beat back disorder, that it's the only way to stamp out terrorism or prevent foreign medallell meddling, and we should support tie rants like bashar al-assad who drops barrel bombs on innocent because the alternative is surely worse. the increasing skepticism of international order can also be found in the most advanced democracicies. we see greater polarization, more frequent gridlock, movements on the par right and sometimes the left that insist
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on stopping the trade that binds our fates to other nations, calling for the building of walls to keep out immigrants. most ominously we see the fears of ordinary people to be exploited, the repeal to sectarianism, tribalism, or racism, or anti-semitism, appeals to a glorious past before the politics against those who look differently. the politics of us versus them. the united states is not immune to this. our troops have largely returned from iraq and afghanistan, we see in our debates about america's role in the world a notion of strength that is
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defined by opposition to old enemies, perceived adversaries, a rising china or resurgent russia, revolutionary iran or islam that is incompatible with peace. we see an argument made that the only strength that matters for the united states is bellicose words. and shows of military force, the cooperation and diplomacy will not work. as president of the united states i'm mindful of the dangers that we face. they cross my desk every morning. i leave th--i lead the strongest military that the
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world has ever known, and i will never hesitate to protect my country or our allies unilaterally and by force where necessary. but i stand before you today believing in my core that we, the nations of the world, cannot return to the old ways of conflict and coercion. we cannot look backwards. we live in an integrated world. one of which we all have a stake in each other's success. we cannot turn back those forces of integration. no nation in this assembly can insulate itself from the threat of tomorrowism or the risk of financial contagion, the flow of migrants, or the danger of a warming planet. the disorder we see is not
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driven solely by competition between nations or any single ideology. if we cannot work together more effectively we will all suffer the consequences. that is true for the united states as well no matter how powerful our military, how strong our economy, we understand the united states cannot solve the world's problems alone. in iraq, the united states learned the hard lesson that hundreds of thousands of brave effective troops, trillions of dollars from our treasury cannot by itself impose stability on a foreign land. unless we work with other
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nations under the mantle of international norms and principles and law that offer legitimacy to our efforts, we will not succeed. and unless we work together to defeat the ideas that drive different communities like iraq in the conflict, any order that our militaries can impose will be temporary. just as force alone cannot impose order internationally i believe in my core that repression cannot force the social cohesion for nations to succeed. the history of the last two decades proves that in today's world dictatorships are unstable. the strong men of today become the spark of revolution tomorrow. you can jail your opponents, but you can't imprison ideas. you can try to control accessed
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information but you cannot turn a lie into truth. it is not a conspires of u.s.-backed ngos that expose corruption and raise the expectations of people around the globe. it's technology. social media, and the irreduc irreducible desire of people who want to make a choice of how they are againe governed. the measure of strength is no longer defined by the territory. lasting prosperity does not come solely from the ability to access and extract raw materials. the strength of nations depends on the success of their people. their knowledge, their innovation, their imagination, their creativity, their drive, their opportunity, and that in turn depends on individual
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rights and good governance and personal security. internal repression and foreign aggression are both symptoms of the failure to provide this foundation. politics and solidarity depend on demonizing on others, drawing against sectarianism, tribalism may at times look like strength in the moment, but over time its weakness will be exposed, and history tells us that the dark forces unleashed in this types of politics surely makes all of us less secure. our world has been there before. we gain nothing from going back. instead, i believe we must go

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