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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 28, 2015 9:00pm-10:01pm EDT

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>> russian are russian rhetoric. receiprhetoric.resisting e-ing. >> i'm not concerned about that being an issue. nato allies have made
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commitments and president obama's speech reiterates that. >> taliban takeover. >> the people are under affairs, they are inside the houses, nobody is in the streets or in the city. they are worrying about the >> a major set back in afghanistan. taliban forces launch massive assault and seize control much a major city. ing good evening i'm antonio mora, this is al jazeera america. we begin with the war of words between president obama and russian president vladimir putin. over the 70th anniversary of
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the united nations. criticized russia for its stayover of crimea and support of rebels in eastern ukraine. he said supporting the embattled assad is the only way to stop the overwhelming flow of refugees, and the two held their first face to face meeting in a year. mike viqueria, everything that's happened, the obama putin meeting was important on lots of levels. >> reporter: you're absolutely right, antonio. those successive speeches of president obama, president putin, going after each other on a whole host of policy issues, including ukraine and syria. they met for 90 minutes, should have been a 60 minute meeting.
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amid open antagonism was vladimir putin. president obama was diplomatic. >> but we are facing extraordinary challenges today. ones that test our capacity to work together. >> there was a cordial moment, where mr. obama and mr. putin toasted. but there was a metaphor in the disconnect between the two leaders when mr. putin took a call at the table. ings obama chastised his conduct in syria. >> they threat ton pull us back into a different world. >> where might equals right in foreign affairs. >> we should support tyrants like bashar al-assad who drops barrel bombs to massacre
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innocent children because the alternative is surely work. >> reporter: still, mr. obama said he would work with russia and iran to try to find a seclusion in syria. later, the two met face to face for first time in over a year. both leaders ignored reporters' shouted questions. white house officials insisted ukraine would be the primary topic of the meeting, putin trying to change the subject with his action necessary syria. but a year after the crisis began, russia is still there. mr. puti obama vowed to keep sanctions on russia. >> if that happens without consequence in ukraine it could happen to any nation gathered here today.
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>> reporter: and antonio after that 95-minute meeting between president obama and putin, senior white house officials telling reporters that at least there is clarity on what vladimir putin is after in syria. it's clear he wants to go after i.s.i.l, that's good news sparse the meeting is concerned but he also wants to support the assad government, that is obviously an objective that is not shared by the obama administration. antonio. >> not all that clear in the reports on what happened at that meeting. mike viqueria, good to have you with us from the u.n, thank you. and before that face-to-face meeting tonight and after president obama delivered his speech at the u.n, putin again rejected calls for the ousting ever syrian president bashar al-assad maintaining his support for the embattled leader. >> translator: we think it's an enormous mistake to refuse to
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cooperate with the syrian government and its armed forces. we are valiantly fighting terrorism face to face. we should finally acknowledge that no one but president assad's informs and militia are truly fighting the islamic state and other forces in syria. russiarussia making more moo expand in the syrian conflict. often sunday the kremlin said it would begin sharing intelligence between iran and iraq. iraqi prime minister haider al-abadi said his country needed to share intelligence in order to defeat i.s.i.l. not interfere with the u.s. led coalition against i.s.i.l. syria will be a central topic when officials from turkey address the u.n. general assembly on thursday. whatever political solutions
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syrians choose but it could not include bashar al-assad. bernard smith reports from istanbul. >> while the u.s. government and some european leaders are indicating that they might take a softer line on when syrian president bashar al-assad should go, isn't budging. he believes there can be no transition involving assad, in fact davatolo says any transitional period wouldn't be transitory, it would become status quo. looked for a solution that involved assad but when the syrian regime started air strikes against its own population, when it started using chemical weapons an when hundreds of thousands of syrians fled across the border into turkey, the government in ankara decided there could be no transition with assad. turkey now has the largest
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population in the world of refugees, there are some 2 million syrians living in this country. >> reporter: bernard smith in istanbul. as vladimir putin keeps the world guessing about his motives in syria, aggressive military posture there while a major part of the american anti-i.s.i.l. strategy appears to be in at that timers. jamie mcintire reports from the pentagon. for months the pentagon has been urging patience, but now a year into the fight there are very few bright spots left to highlight. pentagon sources concedes that russia's surprise are being move caught it flatfooted. even though russian president hasn't exactly made a secret
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that he's backing long time ally bashar al-assad, the man president obama keeps insisting must go. >> translator: and there's no other solution to the syrian crisis than strengthening the effective government structures and rendering them help in fighting terrorism. >> reporter: with russian support presidential assad is going nowhere any time soon and in ukraine, the u.s. is powerless to stop putin's military moves, reduced instead to issuing dire warnings that moscow simply ignores. >> to pursue the defeat of i.s.i.l. without at the same time pursuing a political transition is to fuel the very kind of extremism that underlies i.s.i.l. and if that's the russian view, that's a logical contradiction. >> reporter: doorgaccording te observers, russia is in the
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drive's seat, putting troops on the ground. david pret resa pet p petraeus. >> others will fill the vacuum. often in ways that are harmful to our interests. >> reporter: every tile the u.s. turns around it seems putin is a step ahead. for instance, he just entered into an anti-i.s.i.l. intelligence sharing agreement with iran, syria and u.s. partner iraq. something the u.s. has been forced to accept. anthony blincon deputy secretary of state told cnn, iraq is a sovereign country and has a right to decide where it gets help from. over in iraq the much heralded counteroffensive to retake ramadi, which supposedly started
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months ago with shaping operations is going nowhere. it's taking time to clear mine feels of ieds. the shia forces are not quick to liberate the mostly sunni city. stop using chlorine filled barrel bombs against his own citizens or his air force will be grounded or to establish safe enclaves in the north. both of those the former central commander could be done with the planes the u.s. already has in the region. antonio. >> jamie mcintire at the pentagon. obama and putin weren't the only presidents talking tough. at the u.n, hassan rouhani had some harsh words for the u.s.
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>> translator: we must not forget that the roots of today's wars destruction and terror can be found in the occupation invasion and military intervention of yesterday. if we did not have the u.s. military invasion of afghanistan and iraq and the u.s. unwarranted support for inhumane intervention, today the terrorist would not have an excuse with the justification of their crimes. >> rouhani used much of his speech to talk about the recent nuclear deal with the u.s. and other world powers. al jazeera's national security contributor douglas olivant joins us. doug, let's start with using jamie's words. how many times is the u.s. going to be caught flatfooted by russia? we have crimea and eastern ukraine, now we see the russian buildup in syria, and this intelligence sharing campaign in
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iraq, despite the fact the u.s. is spending billions there. >> the russian advantage is clearly in crimea and georgia and the ukraine they're right next door. that's pretty easy for them. in syria they're supporting the existing state. they're supporting the assad regime just as we are supporting the regime in baghdad. it's a lot easier to support a state that's existing than to try to overthrow one. so our task in syria to be fair to this administration is a lot higher degree of difficulty than the task the russians have taken on. that said they do look awfully good these past couple of weeks. >> in granting you that, it is the question of his confusion. the white house put out a statement about the briefing, i read some of the quotes about it, about the meeting between obama and putin and the briefer said they have clarity, thatting thears thertingthey're there tot
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i.s.i.l. and bashar al-assad, but if they use it to strengthen assad is bad. are we -- is the united states just not being clear enough with the russians and with the world as to what they're trying to do there? >> right, i think there is this internal contradiction, in our policy. we simultaneously want two things. we want the assad regime to go and we want i.s.i.l. to be defeated. but as the russians point out, assad for all his faults and, you know, admittedly as general petraeus said, his existence does inspire some jihadis they are fighting i.s.i.l. that's essentially the russian he' point. we are banding together with everyone who is really serious about fighting i.s.i.l. in their minds it is syrians the iraqis and the iranians. >> even up to the setup of the
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two leaders, after the meetings, consume after the meeting reports say that it was split 50-50 between ukraine and syria. so is russia clearly setting the agenda? >> i think the russians have some advantage in setting the agenda. look, they're the ones who have made these moves and we're kind of pushing back and wanting them to withdraw their moves from syria and ukraine. but they can kind of adjust the scenario. if they're willing to talk about withdrawal from ukraine or willing to talk about their actions in syria we kind of have to go there. they're ones who are on the ground in both of these countries and we are not. >> as we reported they were critical of each other in their speeches blaming each other for the messes in ukraine and syria. the body language between the two didn't seem promising. putin smirking and obama looking like he'd rather have a root canal. do you think they are going to be able to figure out a way to move forward in some sort of
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unison? >> well, they're going to have to move forward and putin is clearly recognizing he only has to deal with president obama for another year and change. that's just a feature of american electoral politics. and i think that probably impacts how seriously he's taking this president. this president is a lame duck. he only has a limited time left. putin certainly sees himself staying in russia for a while so if he doesn't like the response or the agreement he's getting with this i president, he can certainly bide his time and wait for the next one. that doesn't bode will well for the people of syria and ukraine. >> russian and american forces in syria if there's no coordination, secretary of state kerry said yet there wasn't any coordination yet. it does seem, do you agree that the one thing that might have come out of today is that they will try ocoordinate?
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>> looktoo coordinate? >> there's going to have to be coordination. secretary ash carter, we're dropping bombs in this country, we absolutely positively have to coordinate to make sure that no americans strike any russians or vice versa. you don't play footsies with nuclear powers. >> doug olivant, thanks, always good to have you with us. president obama is promising greater support for united nations peace keeping missions. coming up what that could mean for the operations underway in hot spots around the world. and a tropical typhoon roars asloweashore in taiwan.
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>> after intense pressure from the u.s. more than 50 countries today plenld t pledged to help t levels o for u.n. peace keeping efforts. for months u.s. officials have been pushing companies to step up anden contribute forces to some of the world's hot spots. in our in context tonight, gabriel elizondo looks at the situation. >> at a special summit on monday president barack obama took the first step.
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>> as the largest financially contributor to the u.n. peace keeping operations, the united states intends to continue to do its part. and today i'm issuing new presidential guidance. the first in more than 20 years, china was one of the biggest countries to answer that call. >> translator: china has decided to take the lead in setting up a permanent peace keeping police squad and build a peace keeping stand by force of 8,000 troops. >> reporter: countries are also giving billions of dollars for new equipment and better
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training, something urgently needed as peace keeping makes headlines for all the wrong reasons. casting an ugly shadow over the summit, a range of sexual abuse allegations involving peace keepers most recently in the central african republic, some involving rape of young children. leaders are clear it has to stop. >> we have to insist on zero tolerance for abuse, zero. >> the hope is fresh reforms will usual in an era of u.n. peace keeping. >> it sends a snail snal that no longer business asignal that it. that includes improving their attitude against sexual abuse and corruption. >> informed better quipped, an
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acknowledgment it's necessary to meet the demand in a world where people tasked with keeping the peace are in demand more than ever. gabriel elizondo, al jazeera, at the united nations. largely on the support of u.n. member states, 122 countries are part of the global u.n. peace keeping efforts with about 125,000 personnel working on 16 peace keeping missions around the world. buildings contributebeangbangla. very good to have you with us sir. >> good to be here. >> you were the boss of the peace keepers for many years. in a peace and foreign policy magazine, u.n. peace keeping by its very nature is always in
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crisis but the crisis is even worse now than usual, referring the how extensive peace keeping operations are around the world. how important was the summit today? >> it's very important, the united nations has no troops of its own. it has troops that member states provide to the united nations. the united nations needs the political support of the member states. at the summit with the very strong guidance that president obama issued, is a very good sign, a signal from the u.s. that was not always forthcoming to be frank and that's going to help. >> as we mentioned only 82 troops now involved in peace keeping from the united states. but it doesn't seem like he made a major commitment for more american soldiers but a significance from a financial standpoint, more when weaponry and technology.
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>> the president when i read the guidance correctly does not seclude troops on the operational control, provided he keeps the overall control. because as a commander in chief he cannot surrender that but indeed, most of the support will come through logistics, technology, enablers and also diplomatic support. >> is that a good thing? is it better in some ways to not have it be american troops that are keeping the peace? >> that is it, because of the enormous geopolitical weight of the u.s., i think if you saw a number of u.s. troops keeping the peace it would cause trouble throughout the world. >> what about china could that be problem take? >> down the road it could be. i was amazed by the figure of president xi, that's a lot, 8,000. peace keeping started with engineering units, medical units, transport units, then on
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to battalions then a couple of years ago they have battalions they have troops that can shoot which is really new for china. >> if they do this they will be one of the biggest participants when it comes to forces on the ground. what about citiics that say the problem is that the u.n. doesn't have its own forces that it depends on member-states, that the u.n. should have its own professional peace keeping force? is that possible. >> i thought about that and i don't think it's such a good idea. >> why? >> because peace keeping is a political enterprise so you need the political backing of countries. if the u.n. had its own troops then the member states would say over to you u.n. and they would disengage politically. >> the lion's share of operations now are in africa but conflicts abound throughout the continent.
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is that a failure of the peace keeping troops and how much of it is a problem with control the troops? there have been scandals lately involving sexual abuse and murder. >> one never talks about the successes, namibia is, where mozambique is today, where sierra leone or liberia, of course they are in crisis but much better today than -- >> anyway we do hear about the bad news and of course the horrible tragedies of srebrenica and rwanda. in general, are the peace keeping forces an important plus, positive in the world? >> you know i don't think that every peace keeping mission will be a success for the simple reason that they can help. but those who make peace are those who made war. you can't make peace for them. so they can give an additional
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push but at the end of the day it depends on the people of the country. when i look at peace keeping overall i think it has made the difference between life and death for tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands of people. those successes are well worth failures even though failures are always tragic and a shame. >> pleasure to have you with us, good to have your perspective especially for the one who led all these forces for many years. >> thank you. >> u.n. general assembly, estonia explains why the world shouldn't lose its focus on crimea and ukraine. a look at the notorious addresses before the united nations general assembly.
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>> al jazeera america, weekday mornings. catch up on what happened overnight with a full morning brief. get a first hand look with in-depth reports and investigations. start weekday mornings with al jazeera america. open your eyes to a world in motion. >> welcome back to al jazeera america, i'm antonio mora. coming up in this half hour of international news a major discovery on mars leads scientists to believe that it could sustain life today. but first a look at the stories making headlines across the u.s. in our american minute. the senate voted to extend government spending for at least a month, which would allow the government to narrowly avoid a
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shutdown, when the new fiscal year begins on thursday. untapped reserves ever oil, shell has only found traces of gas since it gant drilling this summer. you the project had drawn protests. two to seven years behind bars for helping two inmates escape a new york prison in june. mitchell supplied the convicted murderers with tools to break out of their cells. thousands of police officers searched for weeks to find the inmates, a move that cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. petro poroshenko speaks at the u.n. on tuesday. president obama used his address to single out the ongoing
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crisis. >> planning instead if russia had engaged in true diplomacy and worked with the international community and ukraine to ensure its interests were protected. it would be better for ukraine but also better for russia and better for the world. which is why we continue to press for this crisis to be resolved. >> despite sanctions by the u.s. and europe, russia continues to deny involvement in the ukraine connian conflict. the president of estonia joins us. very did to have you with us. >> very good to be here. >> you are ofes estonian descen. you spent much of your life here. >> things don't change that much. even though it's been 35 years,
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things are quite familiar. >> let's talk about your country. when russia took over crimea last year, it must have sent chills through spines of every estonian. >> well, i think it's a much broader issue because after all it was a violation of virtually all of the major disagreements s beginning with the atlantic charter, united states canada and europe have held onto and trusted, force over borders is strictly forbidden. so in a sense what international law applies anymore? so it's not simply a matter of russia invading ukraine and doing it to us. but rather we are looking at the post-worlworld war ii architecte being really fundamentally altered. it's not simply it's not just a
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problem forest toa for for esto. but with countries over the years. >> with putin throwing this emphasis towards syria and away from ukraine how concerned are you that that's happening? >> well clearly syria is a problem. that needs to be dealt with. on the other hand, the implicit approach is well let's forget that other thing over there that's going on in ukraine and let's concentrate on this. which we cannot do. the west cannot simply say you go ahead and invade and annex and to what you want and violate the general postwar order, just because now we have this other thing. the other thing that is what is going on with i.s.i.s. must be
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dealt with, but that does not mean we sit back and say, you can have crimea for that. >> what can be done? you're a small country. you don't even have any tanks. your biggest military exercises this spring were held with nato. if russia decided to do with you in crimea and arguably in eastern ukraine? >> nato would have to fulfill its promises to protect the nato member you eve are. >> yes, one for all, all for one, three musketeers principle. what if they come to you? it's a huge difference between
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attacking a nato country and a nonnato country, precisely because of the treaty obligations, when you think of nato which has been the cornerstone of security since 1959, if nato fails one time, it ceases to exist. >> is this part of a cold war? >> i know this is not a popular thereto, but during the cold war we actually didn't have war. it was a cold war. whereas what we have in ukraine is a hot war. so i think that, i mean, the cold war is a term, should not be the bette noir that is stoims used. the cold war was awful, i grew up in it. i was a cold warrior, it wasn't pleasant. at that time, throughout the cold war we did not have, we did not have a shooting war.
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and right now we have a shooting war in ukraine. >> you're in new york for the u.n. general assembly. >> yes. >> what's your message to the world? >> well, there are a whole series of messages. one that we have to do something about syria. another one is that we cannot forget the -- allow the syrian crisis to mute our continuing concern about aggression and violation of international law regarding ukraine. we are very strong on promoting internet freedom and are always concerned about attempts to restrict internet freedom both at the national level in some countries as well as more broadly. so i mean my speech which will be tomorrow more or less covers those topics. >> president, very good to have you with us. it's a pleasure, thank you. >> thank you. >> president obama's speech at the general assembly lasted 43 minutes, in terms of length nothing to write home about.
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courtney kealy looks at some of the most remarkable and longest speeches in history. >> reporter: in one of the longest speeches in u.n. history doourn the 1960 general assembly, cuba's fidel castro spoke nonstop for almost four hours. the attack was directed at the u.s. that same year in true cold war style, soviet leader nikita creuskruschef, whether he took f
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his shoe and banged it on the electric ten, there is no proof of that. in his final line he says he was willing to embrace peace in middle east, today i am bearing an olive branch and a freedom fightinger's gun. do not let the olive branch fall from my hand. venezuelan president hugo chavez. yesterday the devil was here in this very place. claims the general assembly hall smelled of sulfur. he attributed that smell to president bush. libyan leader moammar gadhafi made his first appearance in 2009. but his colorful antics outside
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the un, like his ento your knowledge of female body guards. erected temporarily in a suburb of new york. in 2010 the u.s. delegation walked out of the speech by iranian president mahmoud ahmadinejad. when he said some segments within the u.s. government were behind the 9/11 attacks. israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu made an impression in 12 wit2012 with a prop, drawinga cartoonish drawing. the record for longest u.n. speech does not go to are fidel castro, it goes to indian president menin. he was hospitalized then came back to finish while a doctor monitored his blood pressure.
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courtney kealy, al jazeera. fresh off his whirlwind trip to the u.s., pope francis is making more world news. the pontiff was asked about the case of kim davis, the kentucky county clerk would who was jailed for refusing to issue gay marriage licenses. francis said he did not know the case in detail but said conscientious objection is a human right. the taliban seizes afghanistan's fifth largest city and a year after the democratic movement in hong kong took to the streets, protest leaders reflect on what they've learned in their attempt to create change.
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>> the taliban is now in croalt ocontrolof much of the strategif kunduz. the taliban seized the provincial governor's office and seized inmates from a prison. stefanie dekker has more. >> reporter: the moment taliban fighters broke open kunduz prison around 600 prisoners were behind bars, including taliban fighters. the jail attack is one of a drink ostring of events that let taliban fighters in control of kunduz city. >> nobody is in the streets or the city. they are worrying about the attacks. >> reporter: the afghan
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interior ministry has sent special forces and air support. but it's unpredictable. the taliban has made major gains since fighters surrounded the city early monday morning. the government says the city will be retain. there have been casualties on both sides, bodies of taliban fighters and a policeman killed in the fighting. supporters have also been caught up in the battle for the city. it's the first time taliban has taken control of kunduz since u.s. invasion in 2001. for their before was overthrown 14 years ago. taliban fighters still hold some parts of the province which lies in the north of the country, with main roads connecting it to the rest of afghanistan and the capital, kabul. the u.s. and nato left afghanistan last year, leaving afghan forces to face the taliban alone. taliban fighters are a
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formidable force on the ground. pushing them back the question is whether they can do it again. stefanie dekker, al jazeera. a closer look at the national unity government and if it can force a taliban challenge following the withdrawal of government forces. shia denied responsibility for a deadly strike on a wedding party, the celebration was for a local man affiliated with the dominant houthi group which the coalition has been targeting for six months after the houthis ousted the country's president last year. separatist leaders in catalonia say they will move ahead with plans to secede from spain. even though they secured less than 48% of the vote on sunday. madrid said secession would be
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illegal. separatists were encouraged by scotland's bid for independence last spring. demonstrations in hong kong demandings election reform captured the world's attention. but as rob mcbride reports nothing much has changed. >> reporter: thousands forced their way through police cordons to start the occupy movement. in the carnival atmosphere it was a chance to remember the community that flourished here for 79 days. >> we should be reminding in our own to think what we should learn from the past experience. >> just to remember what happened last year this time. >> more radical groups had cause for another attempt to take over the streets, despite a surge towards the barricades, it is
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clear that thousands of police would not allow a repeat. there was little appetite from the protesters themselves. 12 months ago it was a different story when a sea of umbrellas became the symbol of a protest movement that brought central hong kong to a standstill. an exhibition of artifacts and what they represent provides a reminder of the movement that drew tens of thousands of people onto the street. >> we hope the people would reflect on some of the issues we raised through the movement to continue the dialogue. >> for hong kong's democracy groups this is a work in progress. >> doesn't marine we had to give up. we have failed the movement already. we have to do what we can. >> reporter: even the occupy organizers themselves admit it didn't work, that china didn't make any concessions on how hong
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kong chooses its leader but these protesters insist it empowered a whole generation and kept the spirit alive. rob mcbride, hong kong. >> a strong typhoon made landfall in taiwan on monday. hundreds of thousands of homes lost water and more than a million were without power. taiwan's government said 24 were injured but no one died or is missing. thousands of refugees lined up in a cornfield along the serbian croatian border. they hope to continue their journey into western europe. 70,000 have arrived over the past few days. germany's officials say there are limits as to how many germany can admit. wants to help as many people as it can but says there are
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pliments tlimitsto germany's abe people in. no one knows how many asylum seekers the country can absorb. as many as 800,000 are expected this year. german chancellor angela merkel believes the country can support that number. flowing water on mars, life may exist on the red planet. volkswagen's ceo, how much he might have known about the emissions scam that has shaken the german anothe auto maker.
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>> the former ceo of volkswagen is under investigation. german officials say they are trying to determine whether martin winterkorn is involved. winterkorn stepped down last week but says he was not involved. if found responsible he could face up to ten years in german prison. a group of american business leaders gathered in havana today to determine business partnerships. the governor of arkansas along with 15 representatives there his state, food giants tyson chicken and rice left-hanland f.
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>> the steps the obama administration is taking are steps that are going in the right direction to bring us closer and create a better climate. but obviously there is still a ways to go ahead. >> trade between the u.s. and cuba has been limited for the past five decades. politician he discuss terms of renewed dealings. late last year, the countries announced they would review negotiations. now to our global view segment with a look at how news outlets across the world are reacting to various events. frankfurter agemany says after bashar al-assad resigns or is removed if power. the jerusalem post suggests israel should allow palestinian refugees to return and be granted palestinian citizenship. the suggestion originally came from palestinian authority
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mahmoud abbas. britain's the telegraph writes, the hajj stampede that killed more than 700 people last week is taints wednesday a political overtone. saudi arabia would be wise to consider an independent inquiry from members of other nations. for better part of a decade scientists have suggested that there may be water on mars. today they all but confirmed it. moisture flows down the slopes of martian land masses, strongest evidence that water exists on the red planet. jake ward explains. >> reporter: antonio, scientists have suspected for the better part of a decade that there is water of some form on mars. frozen polar ice caps, the question of whether there was liquid water has been sort of a
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controversy. there was the ge geologic formsf it. until now it hasn't been confirmed. truly pinned down, at some point during each year there is flowing water on mars. now the first question here is how is that possible? mars gets down to negative 100 degrees sell celsius, an increde inhospitable environment. the pressure was so low if you were to miraculously transport a glass of water to the surface of mars it would boil. how could it stay liquid? two things. it could either be salt crystals on the surface absorbing it from water in the atmosphere, although the atmosphere is very dry, that doesn't seem like a good source or a deep reservoir
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of water deep underground. salt is the key, maybe the reason it could flow even in inhospitable temperatures, or the incredible geologic violence of mars, has incredible mountains that are so much taller than we could ever have here on earth. so it may be simply gravity is just pulling water down in a more extreme way making it possible for it to seep out in ways we have never observed here before. the billion dollar question could be could this be a place that life might exist? certainly here on earth everywhere we see water we see life in some form. the only exception is don juan pond, such a salty environment that no life lives there. it is possible this could be water without any type of life
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it is probable, i don't know about probable, plausible that there is life here, that is what scientists are looking for next. >> jake ward, reporting from san francisco. celestial sky gazers got a realty treat last nightly. a supermoon, whether the moon is at its closest to the u.s. and it won't be there again until 2023. tokyo has proposed adding five new sports to the international olympic competition. >> translator: by announcing these new sports geared to young people, skateboarding, surfing, but it may bring a new wind to tokyo. >> in addition baseball could return to the games. karate is also being considered.
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after the 2020 summer olympics in rio de janeiro. fault lines is up next. i'll see you again in an hour. new york new york 8.4 million people call the city home. >> it's snowing hard in central park and 20 in midtown and snowfall one to two feet and saying we could have snow hour. >> the coldest winter in 81 years and coinciwi

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