aid group oxfam clams the i want national community for its failure over the war in syria. ♪ ♪ from al jazeera's headquarters in doha, i am san i zeidan, automatics coming up of the future of europe at the top of the agenda in strasburg. francois ohlund and angela merkel are due to make a historic address. inmates take over a prison in bra is ill and threaten to throw hostages from rooftops. and marine life flourishing
in the waters of hong kong, why scientists are baffled. ♪ ♪ the world has failed to help syrians both inside and outside their war-torn country. that's according to international eight group oxfam which has released a damning report. the solidarity with syrians report says only a handful countries have been providing their fair share of support. several countries including iran, qatar, russia, saudi arabia, turkey and the u.s. are fueling violence through arms and ammunition transfers the author says. and it says the aid response is faltering. many countries are not sending through money they have pledged. daniel is the author of the report. he joins us now from beirut. good to have you with us. the another interesting aspect of this report it says even countries that were senting
money for the syrian aid effort are now cutting back. why? are countries getting tired of the syrian conflict? >> well, i think that's potentially part of it. i think if you look at the number of people in need there has been 2 million more people displaced this year. 1 million have fled across international borders and there is actually less money than there was last year for the response. i think that we have seen quite a drop off from some of the countries in the gulf, saudi arabia, for example, is providing a lot less than last year. i think the thing that emphasize behind the statistics in the report is that this equates to a deepening human tragedy. it means less aid for refugees and those people inside syria. so i think that it's a combination like you say of potentially the lines of the
crisis and other priorities on government's mind, which is -- which is causing this crisis too deepen. >> is the falling level of assistance what is pushing people out of camps in places like where you are beirut or turkey or jordan and pushing them to go to europe? >> i think there is definitely one of the contributing factors, when we speak to -- when we speak to refugees that his we work with, this is one of the areas that they consistently highlight. there are obviously other factors as well. the fact that it's very difficult, if not impossible, to earn a living in neighboring countries. there is lots of legal restriction on his refugees. and also the fact that the violence in syria shows no sign of abating. a political solution and stability, a sustainable he's lunges to the crisis looks as far away as ever and i think
it's create a sense of hopelessness as well as desperation amongst the refugees that his we work with. >> there is talk about assistance for refugees to be given visas and so on and so forth. the crisis began as part of a popular rebellion against the government of bashar al-assad. isn't the only real solution to this crisis finding a new political order in syria that syrians can find acceptable? >> that's certainly what we are calling for and to implement the geneva communique. we are center that it the international community and political divisions amongst the international community is leading them to deprioritize that and to effectively forget about the protection of civilians and the need to resolve the crisis.
this is shown with the international community providing more weapons to the parties that they are supporting. or conducting airstrikes. we really need a change of approach across these different areas if we are to see the -- any improvement in the situation for syrians in the short and longer testimon term. >> all right, thanks so much. the european union is launching a military operation to catch refugees smugglers in the mediterranean, european warships will patrol the international waters from wednesday. six par vessels are there. thousands of people have been rescued from the waters in recent days. europe's refugees cries sit just one of many issues which will be discussed at the european parliament in the coming hours. the german chancellor, angela merkel, and french president francois hollande are due to make historic addresses.
it will be the first joint speech to the assembly since 1989. neave barker reports. >> reporter: when the leaders of france and germany address the european parliament, they face a continent under strain. the refugees crisis greek debt saga and the conflict from ukraine has created moral and constitutional dilemmas. the last time the leaders of france and germany gave a joint address was in 1989 two, weeks after the ball of the berlin wall when europe was celebrating new-found unity. now it faces deep divisions. nearly half a million refugees have arrived in europe this year. many heading for germany and other wealthy e.u. states. but the crisis has opened up fault lines between countries willing and able to to accommodate refugees and those that want to keep them out think hungary responded by fortifying its borders. the government there says the influx of muslim refugees
threatens the content's christian identity. some reject to go share the numbers. and in greece already head hard by economic hardship the authorities have found themselves overwhelmed. >> the syrian conflict, the lingering eurozone crisis, rampant youth unemployment still in southern european democracies not to mention the prospect that one of the major players, e.u. britain is contemplating leaving. but obviously, at the moment there is one specific crisis that is bearing down on the e.u., which is the current refugees crisis. which is posing the biggest challenges fochalle. >> reporter: they want to put aside political differences to champion reforms. including the possibility of a large are european budge tote spur on growth. and changes to help reduce the givens between economies.
the limits are being tested. the commander of u.s. air forces in afghanistan a strike on a hospital was a mistake. the general john campbell made the admission during testimony in congress. rosalind jordan reports. >> reporter: the dock ares without borders hospital in kunduz is still closed after u.s. forces bombed it on saturday. the top general called it a mistake. >> on saturday morning our forces provided support to afghan forced at their request. to be clear the decision to provide aerial fire was a u.s. decision made within the u.s. change of commands. a hospital was mistakenly struck, we would never intentionally target a protected medical facilities.
>> reporter: doctors without borders wants an outside probe but they accuse the u.s. and afghanistan of committing a war crime. >> do you have any reason to object to having an independent investigation by the u.n. or another independent body of what happened? >> ma'am, i have trust and confidence in the folks that would will do the investigation for nato, the folks that will do the investigation for d.o.d. and the afghan partner partners ally tough questions we are asking they will get after that. >> reporter: the hospital bomb is has reignited questions about the afghan force readiness when u.s. troops leave. >> as we continue to pull out the taliban are going to increasingly undertake high level of attack and battle tempo against afghan force to his probe for weakness, once we have increasingly stepped off the battlefield the question is whether or not the afghans will be willing and able to fight without us there to reinforce them. and whether they are going to do that overtime. >> reporter: the first reports on the kunduz hospital bombing should be completed by the beginning of november.
but they won't answer the larger question, whether the u.s. should grow more involved not less in afghanistan's efforts to defend itself. roslyn jordan, al jazeera, washington. afghan forces are struggling to control kunduz. they have been fighting taliban forces which are in the residential areas on the outskirts, a report from the city. >> reporter: it is very fragile situation. no one knows who going to be in control of where and when. afghan residents who are stuck there, they are telling us like every five minutes, it change. now afghan residents are out to do shopping, have some of them why they are taking the risk to go out there, telling us they don't have a choice, they run out of food, water, no electricity. they have to take the rest and go and find an open shop to buy something to survive.
houthi rebels in yemen have confirmed their commit to him a u.n. peace plan, they have written to the u.n. secretary general saying they are willing to commit to a ceasefire withdraw from the territory including sanaa. the rebels made a verbal agreement to the balloon last month. the yemeni government insist the houthis must withdraw before dialogue can take place. australia's highest court is to consider whether the country has the legal right to detain asylum seekers offshore. for five years the backbone of the immigration policy has been descendant to the island for long-term did he tinges. the high court will spend two days examining if this is in breach of the constitution. police in australia have arrested at least four people in kick with the killing a civilian police worker. the arrests were made when 200 officers raided homes in western sydney. on friday curtis change was shot dead by 15 year olds iranian, he was then killed by police.
officials say they believe the murder was politically motivated and therefore rinked to terrorism. prisoners a state prison in brazil have overpowered guards and 10 people have been taken hot i think during the riots. caroline malone explains 67 they are supposed to be serving time for crime, but prisoners are in control of this unit at the state jail. they are armed with knives and sticks. and have threatened to throw their hostages, fellow inmates off the roof in their demands are not met. their complaints have been heard before. conditions are inhuman and prisons are notoriously overcrowded. there are nearly 600,000 people in prisons across the country in cells designed to hold less than there hundred thousand. many of them, around 40%, have not seen a judge and have not yet been convicted of any crime. >> these prisons are full of
people waiting for trial, who are held together with convicted prisoners. that's a violation of international law. >> reporter: the riot started on tuesday morning at a section that houses sexual offenders. prisoners smashed windows and set parts of the building on fire. other inmates were injured trying to runway from the mob. fearing they too would be taken hostage. police and inmates family members are gathering outside. while the riot and many other major prison issues carry on inside. caroline malone, al jazeera. still to come on the show, fantasy or fraud? we look in to the billion dollars business of gambling using fictional dream teams and claims of insider trader. bobotswana's diamond industry is losing its shine.
♪ ♪ welcome back. let's recap the headlines here on al jazeera now. international aid group oxfam says the world has failed to help sear yens both inside and outside the war-torn country. according to its report only a handful of countries have been providing their fair share of support. the european union is launching a military operation to catch refugees smugglers in the mediterranean, european warships will start patrolling the international without ores wednesday. rioting prisoners at the state prison in southern brazil are threaten to go throw hostages off the roof if they artheirdemands are not met.
they overpowered guards during protests about poor conditions at the jail. benjamin netanyahu has dismissed allegations his government is trying to change status quo of the al objection is mosque compound in jerusalem. jews are allowed to visit but not pray at the site. israel has also imposed severe redistribution on his muslim men under 50 from entering the compound. >> using additional security forces they have clear instructions to act against any dang tore life, their own and to innocent people. we are taking other steps and unfortunately a lot of this goes back to the incitement from hamas, from the palestinian authority. from islamist movement in israel itself. which spread a lie that israel is trying to change the status quo in the temple mount that israel wants in any way to hurt the sacred sites of islam.
we are the guarantors of the sake he had sites of islam. we are the reason that they are the sacred sites do not look lie palmyra. >> met hoo has imposed severe security measures after a series of attacks with death on his both side. mike hannah reports. >> reporter: the crack town in the occupied west backe bank resumed before dawn. the israeli army ransacking several house houses and arrestt least two people. the resistence was fierce but limited to stones. in occupied east giroux legal the homes of two men who had allegedly been involved in attacks against israelis were did he follow knowledge issued. residents say it's an act of cruelty given that the attacks occurred two years ago. the p.l.o. says it's an act of punitive punishment. >> translator: army formses came
and assaulted the residents and hitting people and ordered us to evacuate immediately from the building without any prewarning, we were just evacuate today the stree street. >> reporter: while in bethlehem the funeral of a 13-year-old was shot by israeli police. his family says there were no previous tests at the time of the shooting. >> translator: my son went to school like all the other kids and then finished school but never came home he was shot on the way home and there were no protests in the camp. >> reporter: gunshots were also fired. as palestinian frustration mounts, so too does political pressure palestinian leader mahmoud abbas, there are questions from the hamas leadership in gaza as to the nature of security cooperation with israel. and questions from within his own p.l.o. factions as to
whether he intents to abandon the oslo accords or not. the fundamental framework for whatever relationship exists with israel. at a meeting of p.l.o. factions, mahmoud abbas made clear his belief that under occupation, palestinians are forced to defends themselves. >> when a group of settlers come and attack a vellum, what do you expect our response to be, leave us alone, we are not the ones who started. israel has to stop and accept our hands is reached fought a political solution and in a peaceful way and not another way. another day of rage. another day of israelii occupation. mike hannas, al jazeera, in the occupied west bank. the u.s. secretary of state has stopped off in haiti on his way back to the u.s. from chile to discuss preparations for the country's upcoming lexes. speaking in haiti john kerry says there is no place for violence or intimidation in the vote on october 25th. a vote in august was disrupted
by disorder and voter intimidation. u.s. prosecutors have charged the form president of the united nations general assembly with corruption. john ashe is accused of taking hundreds of thousands of dollars in bribes from a chinese property dealer his lawyer says he will be vindicated five other u.n. and business people have also been charged. global sports gambling is a $500 billion a year industry. one particular kind of online sports gambling is the -- in the u.s. is coming under scrutiny after allegations of insider trading. gabriel elizondo has more from new york. >> reporter: it's a wildly popular online sports betting company called draft kings. television commercials tempt sports fans with a chance to win big money in american football. >> everyone knows draft kings makes more millionaires than anyone else. >> reporter: it's called fantasy sports and here essentially how it works, fans pay an online
entry fee anywhere from 1 dollar to $1,000 to join a pool. fans pick players, assemble a hypothetical or imaginary team and then win or lose based on how well the players perform each week. lots of money is involved, it's a $2.5 billion a year industry and expected to grow to $14 billion by 2020. but fantasy sports leagues now face a big scandal after accusations that an employee from draft kings won hundreds of thousands of dollars betting on american football with a rival company, allegedly based on information not available to the public. it's being called a kaza kin to insider trading or cheating. >> when you play poker you figure nobody else has access -- can see your cards. that's what is at question here. is what data and what information could people have access to and what kind of protections are on that. >> reporter: draft kings and fan
duel the other major industry company issued a joint statement denying people i i had his insider information that helped them win and said, quote, nothing is more important than the integrity of the games we offer to fans. but both companies have put a ban on employees participating in online fantasy sports contests while internal investigations continues. in america unlike casino gambling or online poker, fantasy sports betting leagues are not regulated by federal law. the latest continue verse hey has many reassessing if they should be. >> they are basically trusting draft kings and fan duel to run the games the themselves. there is no third party, no government oversight. that's where the question comes in. that's why people want answers about what is going on at these daily fantasy sports sites. >> reporter: fantasy sports fans expect to go beg on the ground a level playing field, now wondering if that wasn't fantasy in itself. gabriel elizondo, al jazeera,
new york. botswana's diamonds industry is losing its sparkle you could say. there are too many of the precious stones on the market and sales are falling. thousands of people working in the industry have lost their jobs as we report. >> reporter: bobotswana's bread and butter. diamond account for 72% of its income, but with too much dial unon the market sales are down and so are crisis. >> it's a clearly challenging people for everybody in the pipeline, us as well, the manufacturers and retailers, as i say that imbalance will pull through and you know, we are working very hard to insure that consumers still desire diamonds. >> reporter: sales reached $80 billion for the first time last year. but this year's economic uncertain any in many countries and the slow down in growth in china, are damaging the industry. deboers which says it's at world's leading diamond company says demand remains strong,
despite a more than 20% drop in sales in the first half of this year. >> we are investing heavily in the long-term, we have about $3 billion invest ed in future projects. >> reporter: but jobs have been lots in botswana and other country which his countries and polish diamonds air 30 of the employees in the diamond and cutting polishing sector have already lost their jobs, two company have his completely shutdown with many others cutting back production, diamond suppliers hope this year's christmas period will help the industry recover. traditionally botswana has mined and sold raw diamonds now it's trial are triol trying to improve the skills of eights workforce so they can also cut and polish the pressure stones. >> that's the life blood of the economy of botswana. so a lot of. [ inaudible ] not only in the diamonds industry, we are thinking about people in the government employees, we are talking about people in hospitality. talking about education. >> reporter: the trade union also says diamonds need to be marketed differently to appeal
to younger buyers. executives at local diamonds polishing factories are urging government leaders to make concessions. >> they wanted to buy diamonds from dtcb ship them out of the country completely. they call that flexibility. wanted us to see if we could have related services removed from the diamonds. they have come come up with all sorts of things, those that we can help them with we have. but those we can't we can't. >> reporter: they have cut the forward to almost half. many here say current conditions a wake-up call to insure they diverse fire that i economy. when looks like it's losing its spark follow some just now. al jazeera, botswana. scientists in hong kong have made an unexpected under water discovery. marine life is that risking despite major developments at the city's busy harbor, sarah clark explains.
>> reporter: cranes and construction sites circle hopping congress' harbor front. land is slowly devouring these waters as the city expand its foot print. these scientists are keeping a close watch on what's happening on land. but an even closer watch on what's going on beneath the water. and what might be happening to the coral. >> we have pollution that derives from development particularly in from you sign, industrial heavy metal contamination. we also have a lot of sedimentation that results from reclamation activities. and so all of these things synergistically affect coral in a very negative way. >> reporter: david baker is leading this international search team. the group is diving at key spots around the harbor logging coral species and how they are fearing in the face of these tough conditions and no one was expecting this. >> i am pretty surprised.
you have the knicks of the water quality. there shouldn't be any coral living in hong kong. >> reporter: just a few miles from container reports, high rise, major construction sites and 7 million people. the divers have found coral not just alive, but thriving. >> it's remarkable. we can dive in places that you think where no coral could survive. polluted harbors, marinas, areas close to wastewater discharge. and you still can find coral or corals relatives. >> reporter: so far the team has recorded more than 80 different species of hard coral, that's more than what's been identified in the entire caribbean sea. >> it's really a very clear day in hong kong in this sigh we saw a diversity of course around and some little schools of fishes today. so it was a pretty nice day today. >> reporter: like any other marine environment around the world, this region is feeling the impact of climate change and development. but the stronger types of coral
species here are holding on. despite the unrelenting conditions and scientists are trying to establish how they survive. on each dive the scientists collect fragments of coral to monitor and conduct straight. >> we can actively grow them. we can fragment them, we can create baby corals and eventually our goal is to put them back in to the sites where they came from. >> reporter: the fact these course are thriving is leaving scientists baffled. >> so we could make a hypothesis that the corals here have been selected for only the strongest. only the strongest survive. it could be that the course that we have in hong kong today or super course that may hold secrets for coral survival globally in the future. >> reporter: it's an under water mystery. sarah clark, al jazeera, congress. and, of course, you can keep up today with all those story that his we have been telling
you about, head over to our website you can see our front page there with the lead story the russian strikes on syria. all of it there for you at aljazeera.com. that's aljazeera.com. stay with us. >> oh, this is so great! >> um hmm. >> annie! >> it is a video that is extremely personal. >> our fears are dancing between us. >> yeah? >> a woman's private pain examined for scientific research. >> it's so healing. >> instead of holding us down. >> she's on one of america's most popular party drugs. forget what you've heard about "molly", "x" or "mdma". >> it makes you feel euphoric, happiness, love. >> what you're about to see is the intersection of therapy and science and a journey to find