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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 8, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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europe e.u. minister meet to discuss ps too fends of unwanted refugees. ♪ ♪ nato warns russia it's ready to defend turkey if its airspace is violated. banned politicians from alex is mosque. fifa's ethics committee looks to sus spent its president accept blatter over corruption allegations. ♪
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♪ hundreds of thousands of is sigh lum seekers could be di deported within weeks. the leaders of phren france and germany have stressed unity. >> reporter: if ever there was a rallying cry from europe he should here it was. when chancellor merck and president hollande arrived at the european parliament they face aid continue net beset by challenges. the u.k. conflict. youth unemployment and the linking affects of the greet debt and eurozone crisis, it's the humanitarian crisis and the arrival of nearly half a million refugees irefugees in europe ths created rifts between countries willing and able to help and those who want to keep them out. in the mediterranean, e.u. warships have begun patrolling the waters. it's hoped this joint e.u. task force will help tackle people
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smuggling 3,000 people have died trying to make the crossing to europe this year. hungary, the check republic, romania and slovakia have reject the the noons share refugees numbers a is who the continent but president hollande urged them to overcome differences and rise to the challenge. >> translator: with each crisis fears emerge, we have to live with fear. but we must not live dominated by fear. nonetheless, there is a temptation to retreat in to the national shell each time there is a cries, nothing is more in vain than to turn inwards to save ones self. >> reporter: the german chancellor urged them to maintain belief in the project. >> translator: we plus not fall pray to the desire to act nationally in these moments, we must to the contemporary a account together. this is precisely now that we need europe more. we need more than ever before the cohesion and courage that
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europe has always shown in the past. >> reporter: but as the two leaders pressed for greater solidarity between states and with refugees, it became apparent the that behind closed doors european officials remember working on plans to did deport thousands of failed is al jazeera sigh lum seekers to their countries of origin. this leaked document says $900 million will be earmarked to remove people without the proper paper work many economic migrants from african countries. the last time the leaders of france and germany gave a joint address to the european parliament here was 26 years ago. a matter of weeks after the fall of berwyn wall. back then the rhetoric was all about expansion and unity. now, though, it's all about overcoming challenges and holding on to what europe has. and for europe to achieve this it requires unparalleled cooperation at a time of unparalleled strain. neave barker, al jazeera, strasburg. nato says it's ready to
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defend turkey if its air space is violated again. the secretary general has been speaking in brussels ahead of a meeting of defense ministers expected to discuss russian military activity in sear extra and ukraine and the situation in afghanistan. >> in syria we have seen a troubling escalation of russian military activities. we will assess the latest developments and implications for the security of the alliance. this is particularly relevant in the news of the violation of russia's aircraft. nato is ready to defend all allies including turkey against any threats. >> syria's armed forced chief of staff has go ahead on state television that the military has start eight big attack to take down towns and villages.
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a rebel group is shown on video with one of the russian tanks. it's one of the most so 50 indicated of its kind. it's part of the free syrian army. russia has fired cruise missiles at targets in syria on a major display of military power. warships in the caspian sea more than 1200-kilometer as way was involved. moscow says it's targeting isil but some have hit western-backed rebels. >> reporter: from the caspian sea 1200-kilometers from the fighting, rauch opened a second front in the syrian war. unleashing a salvo of cruise missiles, at isil positions. the missiles bearing the nato code name sizzler were launched without warning. these images quickly broadcast on russian state television.
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building a rang of 2 1/2 thousand kilometers the target were well within reach. moscow said it obtained permission from iran and iraq to over fly their territory to enable the missiles to reach the targets. russia released graphics showing the course of the missiles over iran and a iraq but avoiding southeastern turk you. russia's defense anyone briefed the president on the strike. >> translator: this morning we engaged the caspian flotilla ships. four vessels launched 26 cruise missiles on 11 targets, data indicates that all targets were detroit and no civilians were harmed. >> reporter: the missile strike was totally unexpectedded and it does beg the question as to why russia would target isil positions 1200-kilometers away when it's got a large fighter bomber force on the ground in syria carrying out daily strikes against isil. well, it would go to remind the west of russia's military reach in this conflict.
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and in rome the u.s. secretary of defense ash carter formally ruled out any military cooperation with russia. >> i have said before that we believe russia has the wrong strategy. they continue to hit targets that are not isil. we believe this is a fundamental mistake. despite what the russian' russie have not agreed to cooperate with russia so long as they continues to pursue mistaken strategy and hit these targets. a disappointment for president huge putiputin who had hoped for situate the u.s. to join its coalition. barack obama has apologized for an air strike on on the hospital strike in afghanistan. the top u.s. commander in afghanistan apologize today what he describes as a mistake. 22 people including 12 medical personnel died in saturday's attack in kuhn due kunduz.
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doctors without borders is calling for an independent investigate. >> we will request a stop to false allegations regarding the kunduz attack which called in to direct question our humanitarian mandates and endangered our ability to provide life-saving assistance in afghanistan. we have asked for an independent investigation. it reeling's prime minister has ordered police to bar government ministers from the al al-aqsa mosque compounds following days of unrest and the killing of nine palestinians and israelis. a palestinian drive was shot and wounded by israeli soldiers. he said he tried to run over a policeman at a checkpoint. it's been 10 years since one of the most destructive earthquakes on record hit kashmir. more than 80,000 people died. mostly in pakistan administered kashmir. and an estimated 4 million
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people were left homeless just before the start of the harsh himalayan winters. >> reporter: the magnitude 7.6 earthquake struck at 10 to nine in the morning. it was centered here in pakistan administered kashmir and was felt right across northern pakistan, afghanistan and india. more than 70% of those hurt or killed are believed to have been in the regional capital sitting on one side of the fault line a town nestled on the other side. when the quake hit the shallow fault ruptured the surface both were almost completely leveled. more than a thousand remote villages also suffered major damage, 600,000 homes were destroyed. along with 6 1/2 thousand schools, 800 hospitals and medical centers and almost 6,000-kilometers of road. that's in addition to the more than 80,000 people who died and another hundred thousand who
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were injured. outside aid poured in, more than $5 billion, but getting help to people in remote areas was difficult in an area plagued by aftershocks. and bad weather, mountainous terrain, landslides and blocked roads hampered relief efforts think 10 years on, much has been rebuilt, particularly the main centers like the city. but villagers in remote areas say they have been did he necked and are still living in the rubble. al jazeera's kamal hyder traveled to the capital to see how much of the region's has yet to recover 67 the 2005 earth character destroyed almost 60% of this city. pakistan asked for international helpful billions of dollars poured in from around the world. but the government says it still needs more money to complete ongoing projects. already we have been able to see the school children studying under open skies.
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>> they also need just like other children, need furniture, a good classroom. good atmosphere, good ground. they also they have a right. >> reporter: despite the fact that the government has put in considerable money to rebuild kashmir, there are over a thousand schools that have yet to be rebuilt. these people have been sitting out in the open for at least 10 years now. and, of course, class here are subject to weather. the government now plans to build a brand-new prime minister house and a president house here in the city. but people say that money should be spent on these children and rebuilding their schools. >> coming up here on the program, inside the nuclear black market. how european criminal gangs are trying to sell armed gangs so-called dirty bombs. plus. >> reporter: i am any stole johnstone in pakistan. coming up we'll find out how families are trying to save their sons from death row.
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and who they turn to to make it happen. there for 10, 11 months and not even know why they was in jail. >> if you don't have any money, you're finished. >> you get mental scars from this. >> how many kids have they thrown away? >> "faultlines". >> what do we want? >> al jazeera america's hard-hitting... >> today the will be arrested. >> ground-breaking... >> they're firing canisters of gas at us. >> emmy award-winning, investigative series.
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the violations are unacceptable and may create
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dangerous situations. the commander of syria's armed forces says a major offensive has begun to recapture towns and villages. saying the operation aim to his liberate areas from what he calls terrorism. accept blat percent facings suspension for three months. members of fifa's ethics committees. the 79-year-old fifa president denies doing anything wrong. care lane malone reports. >> reporter: he's held on to the reins of the world's biggest football body for 17 years, despite massive corruption scandals affecting many other fifa members, but now accept blatter may too be out of the organization. fifa's ethic ethics committee at this is week and considering the advice of the prosecutor that he should, suspended for 90 days, while swiss authorities continue a criminal investigation in to caribbean world cup tv rights he signed. in a $2.1 million payment to
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uefa president michelle platina in 2011. >> this organization is in major crisis and imploding on it seven and i think that the -- when you have the president and the leading contender now in clearly in public relations if not more trouble, i think you have a real organization that has very big problems and has a real crisis of leadership at this juncture. >> reporter: joseph blatter's career spans 40 years, but if he is suspends the man better known as accept won't be fifa president when he reacheds the age of the 80 last year. he was technical director and general secretary before the retiring man helped him in in to the top job in 1998. under blatter fifa's finances flourished building up a surplus of over a billion dollars. >> i will bring back fifa. >> reporter: it's the corruption that meant around half his
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executive committee were exposed and disgraced that has overshadowed his presidency. he was elect today a fourth time in 2011. when presidential rival was found guilty of corruption. he won a fifth term in may in year, but shortly after agreed to stand down next february. amid all the corruption allegations. with the ethics committee members meet to go decide his fate. he doesn't look like he'll even make it that far. caroline malone, al jazeera. and andy richardson joined me live now, the question we are asking is this the end no accept blatter? >> it's a bill of a fool's game predicting what will come next for him. his lawyers have said he's not been notified of this investigation. but that is in keeping with how the fifa ethics committee works. until they issue a statement saying somebody has been suspended, they will not give any details as to exactly what it is they are up to. in talking toss advisers late last night. they said blatter was expected
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to arrive for work asper normal. at his headquarters in zurich, but if estebanned for 90 days, bearing in mind he said he will resign after those elections in february. that ban will take him up to january. if they need more time the investigation committee can ask for another 45 day extension taking him you want to time of election. the only way he can stay in power is if there are no other candidates at that election and he's make ago i pretty good job of discrediting people who could be the election. he sees himself as the man would to hands overpower in his own terms. >> always looks so very re laxed despite all the allegations and investigation hanging over his head watch does this mean, if the suspension goes ahead what would that mean for the presidential, fifa presidential election next year? >> okay, so he would be -- wouldn't be involved until the
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end of january. he could return to power for a few days, weeks before that election. the other key man who was due to -- was the big fave toyota take over is michelle pitino mention ed in that report. now, at the moment the swiss police have said he's not the subject of a criminal investigation but he's been interviewed as a person of significant interest and the fifa ethics committee will neither confirm or deny if they are investigating him. but the likelihood is they are looking in to what pettini has been up to. this accusation that he took a disloyal payment from blatter of $2 million before he backed blatner a fifa election in 2011 and pulled out of standing in that election himself now. if pettini is suspended, he would almost certainly fail the integrity test that has to be passed if you are to stand as a fifa presidential candidate and would be out of the running as the favorite to take over leaves him nowhere and leaching the
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race wide open. >> obviously there there be more later on about this story but thank you, andy. >> pakistan's supreme court has upheld the death sentence passed down for the killer of a provincial governor it reintroduced the death penalty last year. many people are returning to tribal justice to solve long-running disputes. nicole johnston reports from south -- in northwest pakistan. >> reporter: despite the death threats, he volunteers for a job few others wants. mediating between families who hate each other. sometimes their disputes have festered for decades. >> translator: from the moment the government decided to hang people our work increased by 60 to 70%. enemies decided to negotiate, many were in jail and the order had been given to hang them. time was i ca ticking.
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>> reporter: every meeting start the say way, with a hug. these men have been feuding with their neighbor for 23 years. the disagreement started over a pond. one family want today fish in it, the other wanted to swim. 25 people have been killed since then. >> translator: from my heart i don't want to give gun to his the young anymore, we made an agreement once but again the killing started. we have to find a way to mediator we will destroy ourselves. >> reporter: these types of mediations are critical to ending disputes between famili families. if they went to court tell get a verdict but the war and hatred between the families would continue so this is the only way to end the identifying once and for all. he manage to his get both sides to compromise. his intervention has saved 45 people from death row in year. >> translator: we appreciate the government's step.
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they are truly implementing the punishment so people are starting to patch things up and solve their problem. >> reporter: if a mediator gets both sides to reach an agreement it's commit smit today the court. the indicates is then withdrawn and anyone involved in the disputer who is in prison or on death row, is freed. without a deal, the revenge killings could continue for generations. sometimes reaching agreement can be las costly. this man's son is facing he can cushion for murder. he's agreed to pay $40,000 to the victim's family to save his son. >> translator: before people stayed enemies and they wouldn't negotiate. now they are starting tribal councils because of fear of execution, they will reach an agreement at any cost. >> reporter: another life has been spared. time to celebrate over rice and kebabs. with more than 8,000 pakistan is on death row, they are busy.
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his condemned clients know now is the time to compromise. if they want to avoid the hang man's noose. nicole johnston, al jazeera, in northwest pakistan. police in the eastern european country of moldova say they stop the gangs from selling nuclear materials to armed groups in the middle east, investigators say criminal organizations are driving a growing nuclear black market. emma hayward has more. >> reporter: he was no ordinary target. an armed moldovan police were taking no chances. as they moved in to apprehend a man alleged to be involved in a nuclear smuggling network. and this is what they have been looking for. a sample of radioactive sees yum for potential use in a dirty bomb. the seller said one of the suspected middle men want the stash sold to isil.
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it's a case which exposed moldova as a hub in the trade of the nuclear materials. operating illegally in an improverrish the part of eastern europe. in the past five years, pal dove an police together with the u.s. fbi, has stopped four attempted by russian-linked gangs to sell nuclear material. undercover police officers posing as gangsters with linked to isil each ute to the middle men, when they raided the home of former k gb informant they found blueprints on how to build a dirty bomb. >> translator: they can make one of those dirty bombs, you know, one of those dirty bombs. have you heard of such a thing? the level of radiation would be high and these explosions would spread material over this big of a territory. >> reporter: but this was all part of a sting. he believed when he went to pick up hundreds of thousands of dollars it had come from a genuine buyer.
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but the police were about to pounce. and the substances police discovered during their investigations were potentially dangerous in the wrong hands. >> these type of materials you cannot put use in nuclear bombs in some way in our garage or backyard. what you can produce and what is worrying is a so-called dirty bomb which is dangerous, but if it was really our rain yom smuggled it is lightly less dangerous because it is not that active. 67 moldovan officials say some of those a edge had italy involved have faced justice but the sentences have been short and that the dang rear posed by many others in this america i and dangerous world still exist. emma hayward, al jazeera. let's go back to the refugees crisis in europe. ministers are meeting in luxembourg to discuss plan to his deport more economic migrants. now speaking to laura hammond
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from the university of london's school and oriental african studies. good to have you with us, laura. the narrative very much seems to be on the one hand there are the syrian refugees fleeing war, everyone else is an economic migrant. is that fair? is that accurate? >> no, it's neither fair nor accurate. know that would approximately 55% of the eye rifles coming in through europe, both a is who the mediterranean and through the western balkans are from seasyria. but also quite a significant number who are coming from afghanistan, from eritrea, from somalia, from other countries. and many of them are what we might call mixed migrants, they may have some economic kind of motivations for their move, but very often along the way they become so exploited and their lives become endangered such that they have real protection concerns and needs as well. >> the e.u. is saying, of
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course, it's planning to deport hundreds of thousands of migrants and that african nations in particular will face aid cuts if they don't take them back. what do you think about the focus on african migrants and particularly the argument that it's safer saf safe for them tok about and they should return. >> it's good to see a greater acceptance of responsibility towards syrian refugees and that's an important step in terms of kind of respond to go this overall crisis but when you see the door opening to syrians and close to go all the other kind of migrants coming in it's really a matter of concern. many people have absolutely well fountained fear of persecution and they are finding it increasingly difficult to lodge a claim and to receive protection here in europe. >> but what about the other signeside ofthe coin, saying thc migrants shouldn't being treated the same way. they are putting pressure on jobs, forcing down wages, what do you say to that?
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>> well, there is not really very much evidence to suggest that that is happening. in fact, and germany is very much aware of the fact that they face a labor force problem and are welcoming migrants, partly in response to their own economic needs. people who are on the move, even economic migrants whatever you think about whether or not economic migrants should be given -- should be allowed to come and stay, the thing that's motivating they can is a desire to work and what very often means sort of prevent them from finding work is not an unwillingness on their part but actually they are not being allowed to work in the countries to which they have entered, so, yeah. >> laura, we'll have to leave it there, just because we are going it lose the line to you any moment. but thank you very much indeed for your thoughts, laura hammond speaking to us from london. now, the president of brazil, dilma rousseff has lost a legal battle which could
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clearal way for opposition m.m.s to try to impeach her the court ruled that they broke the law in spepgd the government. the government says it will appeal. three countries devastated by the ebola epidemic have had their nurse week in 18 no, sir without any new cases the world health organization is warning there is still the risk of another outbreak. the u.n. high commission fore human rights has expressed concern about america co's human rights record he says soldiers should be questioned over the disappearance of 43 students. >> many of the issues raised by my predecessor four years ago remain ken and many of the people that i have spoken to painted a very bleak and consistent picture of a society that is racked by high levels of insecurity, disappearances and killings continuing harassment of human rights defenders and
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journalists, violence against bell and, terrible abuses of migrants and refugees transiting the country on their way to the united states. and there is more on our website. >> wildlife poaching is big business... worth more than 17 billion dollars a year and growing. the slaughter is being fueled by demand from asia... ...where rhino horn is gold a