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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 9, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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♪ live to oslo where in just a few minutes we will find out the winner of the 2015 nobel peace prize and the committee is expected to make the announcement as i say in just a few minutes from now. >> good morning. the norwegian nobel committee has decided that the nobel peace prize for 2015 is to be awarded to the tunisia national dialog quartet for its contribution to
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democracy in the wake of the just mean revolution of 2011. the quartet was formed in summer of 2013 when the democrat process was in danger of collapsing because of assassinations and widespread social unrest. it established an alternative, peaceful political process at a time when the country was on the brink of civil war. it was thus instrumental in enabling tunisia in the space of a few years to establish a constitutional system of government, guarantying fundamental rights for the entire population, irrespective of gender, political conviction or religious belief. the national dialog quartet has
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comprised four key organizations says the tunisia civil society, the tunisia general labor union, the tunisia consideration of industry, trade and handy crafts, the tunisia human rights league and the tunisia order of lawyers. these organizations represent different sectors and values in the tunisia society, working lives and welfare, principles of rule of law and human rights. on this basis the quartet exercised its role as a mediator and driving force to advance peaceful democratic development in tunisia with great moral authority. the nobel peace prize for 2015 is awarded to this quartet, not to the four organizations as
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such. the arab spring originated in tunisia in 2010, 2011 but quickly spread to a number of countries in north africa and the middle east. in many of these countries the struggle for democracy and fundamental rights has come to stand still or suffered setbacks, tunisia however has seen a democratic transition based on vibrant, civil society with demands for respect of basic human rights. an essential factor for the combination of the revolution in tee kneesha in peaceful democratic elections last autumn was the effort made by the quartet to support the work of the constituent assembly and to secure approval of the constitutional process among the
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tunisia population at large. the quartet paved the way for a peaceful dialog between the citizens, the political parties and the authorities and helped to find consensus-based solutions to a wide range of the challenges across political and religious divides. the broad based national dialog that the quartet succeeded in establishing countered the spread of violence in tunisia and its function is there forth comparable to that of the peace congresses to which alfred nobel refers in his will. the course that events have taken in tunisia since the fall of the authoritative regime in january 2011 is unique and remarkable for several reasons.
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firstly, it shows that islamist and secular political movements can work together to achieve significant results in the country's best interests. the example of tunisia thus under scores the value of dialog and sends a national belonging in a region market by conflict. secondly, the transition in tunisia shows that the civil society institutions and organizations can play a crucial role in a country's democratzation and that such a process even under difficult circumstances can lead to free elections and a peaceful transfer of power. the national dialog quartet much be given much of the credit for this achievement and for ensuring that the benefits of
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the revolution have not been lost. tunisia faces significant political, economic and security challenges. the norwegian committee hopes this year's prize will contribute to safeguarding democracy in tunisia and be an inspiration to all those who seek to promote peace and democracy in the middle east, north africa and the rest of the world. more than anything, the prize is intended as an encouragement to the tunisia people who despite major challenges have led the ground work for a national fraternity which the committee hopes will serve as an example to be followed by other
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countries. then the nobel committee with the consent and quartet and national dialog. [speaking native language] we know the nobel peace prize for 2015 the national dialog quartet of tunisia and mike harris is executive of advising ngos and he joins us from london. so surprise, is this? >> it's a huge surprise and it's also a really, really excellent decision by the committee. the arab spring has seen pessimistically but there is one country that stands out and that is tunisia where civil society has played an absolutely crucial role for building the foundations for what could be an extremely successful democracy.
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i think what the committee are pointing to is that struggles for human rights and democracy and often extremely challenging it exercised and the broader community play an active role, you know, and there can be established democracys and so it's appointed to two things and it's appointed to the arab spring and appointed to the role of movement and there is also a broader pointer to the importance of ensuring that civil society is represented in those dialogs between politicians and citizens and i think on both counts it's a good decision. >> it's an affirmation for civil society and role in national processes because the favorite had been we would like to believe angela merkel, pope francis and kerry and his counterpart zarif hand the
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committee has chosen to go with a group comprising four separate organizations which, according to them, allowed for the peaceful transition in tunisia to a more stable democratic situation. >> this is the nobel peace prize committee getting it. it's no longer a case of, you know, the great glorious leaders saving us all, it is they have recognized that it is grass roots movements who will be the people helping solidified and helping democracys emerge in the 21st century so it's an extremely good point and also points to a broader point which is across the world civil society and grass roots ngo campaign movements are under sustained pressure from government and some political leaders are going in to see angela merkel and simultaneously oppressing these grass roots
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groups so this is a recognition by the nobel peace prize committee of the important role that these groups have and the way that they can help bring committee together, ensure the nations stay together and can prevent civil war so i think that is a really nice nod in the right direction. >> recognition for work that is actually being done and to a large extent completed rather than work that is yet to be done because it was a great deal of talk about one santos and huminez with regard to the columbia peace process as we know has not been yet signed and sealed. >> yet, precisely. and i think the committee has given the praise prematurely, awarding president obama a few weeks into his first term with the nobel peace prize, i think in hindsight would be seen as a bad decision and i think angela merkel was seen as a
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frontrunner, of course she has played an important role with refugee crisis but the refugee crisis has not finished yet and there is a lot more to be done and this is a recognition of actual work that has been done. it's a recognition of a group of individuals, a group of successful organization who really catches the process going in tunisia and allowed working institution and the story about tunisia is there is a newly functioning judiciary on the right path and institutions around parliament are on the right path and a path between all the different players in tunisia so this is a recognition of work that has been achieved, of course there is still a lot to be done to ensure that tunisia fulfills its potential but this is a much more savvy decision and glad it has not gone to a religious leader and
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glad it has not gone to a western religious leader because there are lots of interesting groups globally pushing back and creating a space for democracy and human rights and hope to see a lot more of these decisions in the future. >> great stuff and mike is chief executive and thank you very much indeed reacting to the news that the tunisia national dialog quartet have been awarded the nobel peace prize for 2015, now to other news. iranian general killed in syria advising president bashar al-assad's army and they confirmed the death and says general hussein died near aleppo and he was set to be helping syria in its fight against rebel groups and it's known that troops are on the ground in syria to support the government. let's go live to zaina
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monitoring developments in the ongoing syrian war and tell us a little bit more of what you know regarding the circumstances of his death. >> reporter: well, marteen it was confirmed by the state media and he was kwil ee eed killed b quote unquote i.s.i.l. terrorist and didn't say when or where and we spoke to the observatory for human rights and told us the information they have is he was killed in fighting in the front line around the military airport in the northern city of aleppo. now, iran doesn't hide the fact that military advisors are on the ground advising the syrian army, iran denies however there are troops fighting alongside the syrian army even though the opposition says and presented a lot of evidence showing that iranian troops, in fact, operate
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in syria. also iranian ally the lebanese shia movement hezbollah sent thousands of fighters to syria and not hiding it and fighting on the front lines and have been instrumental in helping the army hold grounds and, in fact, we heard the syrian president a few months ago saying the army suffers from man power and the army is over stretched so the role of hezbollah and iran provides to the syrian army undoubtedly helps the government and now we are seeing the russian military intervention which undoubtedly strengthened the position of the government both politically and militarily. >> this death that occurred around the fighting in aleppo providence what do we know about the military situation there? >> reporter: well, the military situation is quite complicated in aleppo province because there are many front lines and many
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different players but what we understand from acvisits on the ground is that i.s.i.l. has gained ground not from the government but from the rebels, from the opposition. i.s.i.l. has pushed and taken a number of towns in the eastern countryside of aleppo and is now positioned in what is known as the military academy. now, that whole area is important for the rebels. why? it is their main supply line from turkey to reach their positions inside aleppo city. now i.s.i.l. has taken that area. and now i.s.i.l. is positioned just two kilometers from the syrian army and they are based in the neighborhood. some opposition are asking how is i.s.i.l. able to make these gains when russia has been launching air strikes against what they are calling i.s.i.l. targets and they are saying the air strikes have been hitting the opposition, weakening the opposition and right now i.s.i.l. has managed to take
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territory from the opposition in aleppo and it is undoubtedly a big gain, cutting off their main supply line and i.s.i.l. facing the government in a very important area that is an entry point to the divided city of aleppo. >> dana live in beirut. france has launched a second wave of air strikes targeting i.s.i.l. in syria and the defense minister says more strikes will follow. he has criticized russia air campaign saying 80-90% of the strikes are not targeting i.s.i.l. meanwhile russia is denying reports by u.s. officials that four of its missiles, five at syria may have crashed in iran and they were launched from the caspien sea and intended for syrian rebel targets, 1600 kilometers away, moscow insists all 26 missiles hit their targets. the iranian government has so
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far not commented. the u.s. state department says it's deeply concerned by the report. >> if it's true that a couple of cruise missiles landed in iran, again, i'm not going to get into greater detail on the call but i think you know if something like that happened, again i can't can't confirm it, but i think it points to have proper procedures in place. israeli police say four arabs have been stabbed in the southern city of demona, attacker, israeli has been arrested. there has been a wave of violce across israel and occupied palestinian territories in resent weeks and the prime minister benjamin netanyahu has said strong step also be taken against those inciting hatred, let's go live to mike and our
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correspondent in east jerusalem and mike more violent incidents that right now are geographicicily different. >> yes, indeed. we have seen an ongoing series of violent clashes in resent days and what we have seen in damona is slightly different from what has been happening in the past. here the attacker was israeli, those attacked were all arab, two of them are residents of the west bank, the other two came from a nearby village in the town and 17 year odd attacker said to police according to police he attacked them because he thought all arabs were terrorists. we have seen an upsurge in right wing activity, far right movement holding a gathering, demonstration in the course of the night and shouting derogatory and four were arrested and up rising of
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temperatures on all sides and remembering too in the course of the past 24 hours intense fighting has been happening in the refugee camp in occupied east jerusalem, there are dozens of palestinians were injured and at least one killed by a point 22 sniper bullet fired by a rifle and attempts by palestinian and israeli leadership to damp enit down. >> dangerous for the region, mike, despite the call by prime minister benjamin netanyahu for members of his government and senior arab leaders as well, not to add more flames to -- add more fuel for the fire by going to the compound. >> well, originally benjamin netanyahu said israeli and the jewish police were not allowed to go into the compound and then he amended that because many within his government said that is unfair.
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the ban is now applying to all members of the israeli parliament and after all from the arab members of that method saying that as muslims they have a right to enter the mosque compound and pray. however, we understand they will not be acting on the desire to go to the compound in the course of today, they will indeed be going on sunday we are told, all the members of the palestinian israeli members and quickly to show you the situation here this is the last check point on the main access gate to the mosque compound, this is the damascus gate and people arriving here have already been through a number of roadblocks to get to this particular point. the israelis have imposed an age restriction and men above the age of 35 are allowed to enter but by the time they get here they will be age 45 or indeed have papers to show they are legal residents in the old city.
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the access roads to the whole area in occupied east jerusalem are blocked and including 17th street which is the absolute life blood of east jerusalem. >> so now thank you, mike hanna live in occupied east jerusalem. now for months of talks the u.n. has a deal that includes a national unity government and proposals still need to be approved by rivals and they were in violence after the fall of gadhafi in 2011 and fighting for power are the national congress, gnc operates out of tripoli and came to power when alliance of former rebels from city of misrati known as libya dawn took over the capitol city last year and the group drove out the internationally recognized government which now operates in the eastern city of tibrook and recognized by the u.n. and arab league and allied to the rent
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grade general who commands armed factions and diplomatic editor james base reports from the u.n. in new york. >> reporter: there were smiles when after talks that lasted of over a year the u.n. mediator announced his plans for a unity government in libya and leon said it had been a difficult process. >> this was not an easy task. we have been listening to many people inside and outside the dialog, finally it will be six personalities. >> reporter: at its head prime minister and architect from a prominent family in tripoli, the challenges facing a new unity government remens and it's almost four years since the death of libya's former ruler gadhafi and racked bitter moil and violence ever since and the
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two main factions only reluctantly agreed to the deal with blood shed and political bad blood there are many who oppose it and fighters and malitia and particularly attention on this man, renegade and the first is to take on i.s.l. who have a major foot hold in gadhafi's hometown cert and borders are not secure and country washed with weapons and major route for migrants and refugees from all over africa who make their way to libya's coast. so many people have died at sea making the journey from libya towards europe. for months the european union has been proposing the idea of maritime operation to intercept the boats, now on friday a resolution to authorize that operation will come before the u.n. security council for a
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vote, james base, al jazeera, the united nations. more on the news, we heard just a few minutes ago the top of the hour, in fact, the tunisia national dialog quartet have been selected to receive the 2015 nobel peace prize and we will go live to our correspondent in the tunisia capital tunis and an honor for the group to be picked from 273 nominees. >> i think it's a lot of surprise here in tunisia and a lot of people didn't know how international and how important this quartet had become known in the international community. let me tell you about the quartet, it was made up of four different unions and they basically carried out and mediated talks between rival national parties here in tunisia. if you remember there were two assassinations of left wing politicians and those fighting
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on the streets people really thought that where the revolution and so called arab spring started was about to fall down at that point but these four unions stepped in and basically created a forum where different groups could talk to each other, leading to a new constitution, leading to free and fair elections, that is probably why these people have been nominated and actually have won and also there is a boost of tunisia now going through a crisis with security issues, attack on bardo and the swiss hotel which killed many tourists has affected the economy badly here and affected the security situation here as well so i think this really is a boost to tunisia politically and economically. >> natalie live from the tunisia capital tunis thank you. and the president dismissing
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calls to postpone sunday's presidential election after more fighting for rival party supporters, at least one person has so far been killed and carolyn malone reports. >> they are supposed to be taking their differences to the poles on sunday but instead members of opposing political parties in guinea have taken their differences to the streets. supporters of the main opposition party rallied on thursday, things turned violent when they met members of the ruling party who had the support of the police. people set shops and vehicles on fire and they fought each other. >> translator: it was a man next to us who had stuff in his pocket and wanted to stab my friend and when i stopped him he stabbed my hand and ran away. >> reporter: there are seven candidates to unseat the president and he got into office in late 2010 and promised change for guinea, a country that
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suffered after years under a dictatorship, half the population live in poverty and the resent ebola outbreak hurt the economy and the view of the people here is the president has not done enough. >> translator: we are tired of this. we don't have work. we don't have money. only ebola. let's take him out of power now. >> reporter: opposition leaders say they want to delay the election. they say there are irregularities with voter cards and minors on the electoral register but despite these concerns and the violence between potential voters, the election commission and the president say it will still happen on sunday, carolyn malone, al jazeera. doctors in britain are threatening to go on strike over new rules that would see them work longer for less pay. the government wants to bring in a new contract that will affect almost 50,000 of them, ema hey
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word reports. >> the new national health service starts, have you chosen your family doctor. >> reporter: it was an ambitious plan to bring free healthcare to all and for decades has been the pride of britain and now 70 years on the national health service is in crisis. [sirens] under pressure and struggling to pay its bills, thousands of junior doctors are threatening to walk out over pay and conditions and tom is a young doctor, he loves his job and always expected to work long hours but worries a new contract which the uk government wants to introduce could push people too far. >> we all went into this because we want to help people and we all knew there were long hours and stressful and prepared for that. announcer: the contract will effect 50,000 doctors working in england and the government has
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offered some concession and says as tomorrow's leaders we should be treated but what it illustrates is widespread worry about the future of a once world renown free to use nhs worried a system that is supposed to be the gold standard in care for everyone and not just the rich is being steadily dismantled, claims the government denies. many junior doctors fear that this new contract will put more pressure on an already squeezed service, more and more of them are considering going abroad to work. the perception is that in places such as australia and new zealand they would be treated better. >> what we are really upset about is if we worked dangerously long hours then the decisions we make, which are life and death decisions, could be impaired and we don't want to end up in a situation where we are putting patients at risk because we are extremely tired or we are not able to make those
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decisions safely. >> reporter: if junior doctors in england do take action it will be the first time since the 1970s, a period of discontent in british life and one no government will want to live through again, emma hayward, al jazeera in london. ♪ i'm ali velshi, on target - lawmakers get away with putting politics before poll dpi, and before the people they are elected to serve. state of the unions - work in the auto industry is not quite what it used to be americans are losing faith if they haven't already in washington politics. this is another example of the revolting politicking by americans and officials. they keep pu