Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 9, 2015 11:00am-12:01pm EDT

11:00 am
>> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ hello, welcome to the news hour. i'm live from our headquarters in doha. killed for protesters, at least five palestinians in gaza are shot dead by israeli forces. the u.s. says it is overhauling its failed training program for syrian rebels. also this hour, the u.n. approves plans to give more power to e.u. nations trying to stop people smugglers. the nobel peace prize for
11:01 am
2015 is to be awarded to the tunisian national dialogue quartet. >> the tunisian coalition is honored for helping pave the way to a peaceful transition after the 2011 revolution. ♪ at least five palestinians have been killed by israeli police fire as they demonstrated along the gaza border. tension has been rising in the region after a series of stabbings in israel, and the palestinian territories in recent days. there is also unrest in ramallah in the occupied west bank after thousands of people turned out for the funeral of a palestinian who stabbed two israelis last week. let's get the latest from hoda abdel hamid who joins us from ramallah in the occupied west bank. tell us about the situation right now. of course it has been tense the last to few hours. >> reporter: it has been
11:02 am
tension, and there is no sign the tensions are easing off. i'm just going to pull out of the picture here. you can see the black smoke, that is where the palestinian protesters have spread out to. on the -- road below, you will see the israeli soldiers have spread out along that road, and some have taken position around that house that you see in the background there. the bulk of youth are still standing there, and have been throughout the day. usually by this time, things do ease up a bit, but today there is no sign of that ongoing, the same determination to keep the fight up. we have seen a lot of tear gas being used even though the israeli solders are actually up wind, so it hasn't been to their advantage at all today. we have also heard throughout the day the pops of live ammunition and rubber coated teal bullets, you probably just heard a pop. i wouldn't be able to tell you what it is.
11:03 am
it is just there in the background, some tear gas being fired, because palestinian protesters have pushed all the way up to here. earlier in the day they were about 100 to 150 meters back. in that gives you an idea of their determination. >> and the tension, the clashes aren't just happening where you are. it is also in gaza, notably. >> reporter: yes, they are happening else here in the west bank. in cities like hebron, jerricho, but the most dramatic are happening in gaza city, where palestinian youth in solidarity decided to go protest. now there is a fence there that separates gaza from southern israel. so they went all the way up to that fence, they have thrown rocks at israeli soldiers.
11:04 am
they also burned some tires, a bit like the scene happening here, but over there, there is certainly much higher toll. the latest we had heard is that five palestinians have lost their lives. >> hoda abdel hamid thank you very much for now. at least four stabbing attacks, three by palestinians and one by an israeli have taken place across israel in the occupied west bank. mike hanna has more from occupied east jerusalem. >> reporter: a number of attacks still occurring in the occupied west bank and indeed in israel proper, but some of them somewhat different from what we have seen in recent days. in northern israel, a palestinian israeli woman attempted to stab a soldier, she was shot and police say moderately wounded. and then a 17 year old attacked four arabs, two of them residents of the west bank.
11:05 am
they were moderate to seriously injured. the israeli attacker has been arrested. and one is seeing a pattern in an increase in israeli right-wing activity. in west jerusalem overnight a crowd of demonstrators gathered shouting insults towards arabs insisting they were going to march on occupied east jerusalem. however, police dispersed them. so continuing tension in various parts of israel and the occupied west bank. police say very difficult to deal with these stabbing attacks regardless of where they come from, because they are unorganized and they are random. in other word news the u.s. says it plans to overhaul its program aimed at training and supporting syrian rebels. ash carter has admitted the program needs to change. >> we have been looking now for several weeks at ways to improve
11:06 am
that program. i wasn't satisfied with the early efforts in that regard, so we are looking at different ways to achieve the -- basically the same kind of strategic objective, which is the right one, which is to enable capable, motivated forces on the ground to retake territory from isil, and reclaim syrian territory from extremisms. rosiland jordan joins us life now from washington. this program was doomed from the start, wasn't it? >> reporter: well, basically because the people who were being chosen for the program really wanted to fight against the military of syrian president bashar al-assad. they are -- they have been engaged in a civil war as we all know for more than four and a half years, the u.s. wanted these moderates was to train their efforts on fighting isil
11:07 am
extremists. and while they did recruit and vet about a hundred or so men, the first contingent that was deployed in midsummer, basically melted away, dropped their guns and ran, and didn't take up the fight against isil. and then when the second group was deployed, the leader of the organization, basically turned over his weapons and pledged allegiance to one of the other rebel groups, a group which happens to be considered a terrorist group under u.s. law. so this was not a program that was living up to its expectations or certainly to the half billion dollars price tag that congress had allotted for this training program. so after a lot of criticism, and as we heard from ash carter, a lot of administrationive sole searching, they have decided to instead give weapons to groups already on the ground. notably the kurdish peshmerga,
11:08 am
to have them go after isil fighters. >> what does this mean, then, ros, as far as the u.s. strategy against isil? >> reporter: well, the air war still continues. air strikes are still underway, in recent days from french fighter jets as well. what they are hoping with the change in this program, is that some of those fighters who are going to be getting extra assistance and extra equipment will be able to work with those who are, you know, flying these air strikes and be able to call in more precise strikes on the ground because the u.s. is concerned about civilian casualties, but it also does not have any of its own forces on the ground inside syria, because it does not want to basically declare war on the syrian government, so by using a third-party, they are hoping to improve their ability to go after isil fighters.
11:09 am
>> rosiland jordan in washington, d.c., thank you, ros. meanwhile russia says it's planes have struck the he headquarters from an isil group. let's give more from rory challands. >> reporter: we had really the daily briefing from the defense ministry, a roll call, if you would like, of all of the activity that has been going on in the syrian air space over the last 24 hours, and what they say is is that they have flown 67 missions, 60 targets were hit. the planes that were doing most of the leg work in this were su-34s, that's a strike fighter, and the su-25, which is a slower, lower-flying aircraft, that i think is doing the lion's share of the work in the syrian air campaign at the moment.
11:10 am
they said they truck targets in several provinces, all sorts of targets, communication centers, commands centers, arms warehouses, et cetera, but as you say, they are paying particular attention to a precision strike they are calling it on a head kwe kwert -- quarters of a sunni armed group, which is part of the islamic front. they have killed as you see two isil field commanders. >> the russian campaign is now in its -- almost second week now. how is does the russian public view this? what is their opinion of their country's involvement in syria? >> reporter: well, a poll has been released today, friday, by the state polling organization, and it says that most russians do seem to be behind the air campaign.
11:11 am
the figures they give 38% of the russians they ask fully support the air campaign, 28% conditionally support the air campaign. compare that to the figures in the opposition direction, 12% fully, 15% conditionally disapprove. more than half of russians say they should support assad. these figures aren't particularly surprising, considering that most russians get their news from the television and the state controls most of the television stations. and it is basically at the moment wall-to-wall coverage on their television stations of the bombing campaign in syria. adding to that the fact that you have got support from key religious figures in russia, like the head of the russian orthodox church who said earlier on in the week, that bombing syria was crucial to peace and
11:12 am
welfare of the holy roost, and that russians should be praying for victory. that's not to say that russians aren't nervous though. another poll said that 78% of russians were at least slightly concerned that this campaign might turn into a new afghanistan conflict for russians. of course this was a very dramatic episode of soviet history that really could be viewed as contributing to the downfall of the soviet union itself. the death of a senior iranian military general in syria has cast the spotlight back on the battle for aleppo. zana hoda explains how iranian and russian support for the president's army is changing the landscape. >> reporter: he was a top ranking member of iran's elite revolutionary guards. but the general's death in
11:13 am
syrian's northern province of aleppo leaves more questions than answers. a statement from tlef lugsary guard says he was killed by isil forces while on a mission to advise the syrian army. some reports suggested the general was supposed to supervise a major operation to lift isil's blockade of a military base. iran admits its military advisors are on the ground, but denies it has ground troops. however, fighters from the iranian backed lebanese movement hezbollah are in syria. thousands of fighters have helped president assad in power. in the past he has spoken about his overstretched army and lack of manpower, but now russia has stepped in, providing military support from the skies. [ explosion ] >> reporter: their air strikes have mainly targeted strong homeds of the various opposition groups fighting the government. a few have hit isil-controlled regions, but isil is on the
11:14 am
move, advancing on the ground. despite russian air strikes, isil carried out a surprise attack. it is now at the doorsteps of aleppo city. it then captured territory from the government. it captured areas under the control of the opposition in the eastern countryside of the province. isil now controls part of the main rebel supply line linking turkey to its strong hold in the city. aleppo is a divided city. the opposition controls the east, and the government controls the west, but assad's forces hold positions on the outer edges in the industrial complex. isil's front line has loved. the sgroup now a few kilometers north of the industrial complex in the aleppo infantry academy, which was a base for the opposition. isil already controlled the town further east. opposition forces are stretched, fighting two enemies on multiple fronts and now in hama province
11:15 am
they are trying to hold off an advance by government forces supported by russian air strikes. another layer of confusion in the changing landscape of syria's war. still ahead on the news hour . . . >> we were told not to disclose that they actually paid. >> reporter: al jazeera obtains exclusive evidence that european governments have been paying ransom to free hostages abroad. i'm kathleen soy in western kenya. i'll be tell you about this invasive weed and why researchers here are so worried about it. and sepp blatter fights against his suspension. we'll have an update on the fifa crisis coming up later. ♪ italy has sent nearly two
11:16 am
dozen refugees to sweden as part of an e.u. relocation plan. the asylum seekers boarded a flight in rome. eritreans make up one of the largest numbers of refugees trying to cross the mediterranean sea toen trer europe. >> translator: the focus is on the reception. the first priority is to organize [ inaudible ] and the standard will be lowered because obviously putting a roof over their heads for people who come here. the government has said decided to ask immigration agency to when necessary come up with temporary accomodation in the form of tents. it's an extrordanaire situation that requires extraordinary action. libyan authorities have arrested almost 300 people preparing to board boats to europe. the men have been transferred to
11:17 am
a detention center in tripoli. many of the refugees come from poor african countries and are not escaping war. the u.n. security council has approved a draft resolution authorizing e.u. nations to intercept and seize people trafficking vessels in the mediterranean. let's go live to our diplomatic editor, james bayes who joins us from the united nations. james the russians and chinese said no to the resolution last time. how did it go this time? >> reporter: certainly there has been a lot of protracting negotiation about this resolution. this was the final version passed an hour ago. supported by all of the security council with one exception, venezuela, which abstained saying this was a militaryized effort to deal with the refugees. this authorizes a european naval
11:18 am
force that will operate in the high seas off of the coast of libya. this is limited to the people coming from libya towards europe. but the figures from the international organization of migration suggests that 2,988 people have died making that journey this year. so it's -- it's a serious problem, and the european union governments who pushed this, say that this should save lives. it's worth reminding you, that originally the talk was of a resolution that would allow the e.u. force not only to be in international waters, but to come into the territorial waters of libya, and some on shore and destroy the boats of the people smugglers. that is not in this resolution. it only applies to international waters. >> thank you, james. there has been a sharp rise in the number of refugees
11:19 am
arriving on boat in greek islands in the past week. 7,000 have been landing every day this month. that 2.5 thousand a day more than at the end of last month. the organization says refugees are trying to reach europe before winter sets in. the australian government has begun assessing asylum applications from syrians. they have agreed to vettel 12,000 syrians escaping the civil war. refugees thinking of trying to reach australia by sea are being warned not to. australia is also negotiating a deal with the philippines to transfer asylum seekers being held indefinitely in detention centers. the pacific island nation has banned journalists and that has raised concerns about conditions for the refugees. andrew thomas reports. >> reporter: this footage is three year's old. al jazeera was invited to watch australian soldiers build what
11:20 am
they called a detention center for asylum seeshgs, but now the media is banned from visiting the island state. the government had said journal lists needed to pay $6,000 to apply for a visa. but al jazeera has been told now that all media applications are being refused. nauru's government claims what was effectively a prison for refugees now an open facility. the president wrote recently that: but banning reporters casts doubt on that. >> the allegations we're hearing are very serious. this involves sexual abuse of women and children, young children inside the center. we're hearing allegations of rape. >> reporter: there is no independent scrutiny of what is going on. nauru's government has backed
11:21 am
away to give all asylum seekers a decision by this weekend as to whether a they would be recognized as refugees. those nauru insides are not genuine refugees will be deported to their countries. the rest will be resettled in another country, not australia. >> i'm not going to publicly comment in relation to where come of the negotiations are at. i think we're best to discuss those issues in private with those partners, and if there's an announcement to make, we can announce it. >> reporter: australia's tough policies towards refugees have stopped the boats. this is old footage too, but where refugees have been sent are places hidden from scrutiny,
11:22 am
and australia is struggling for a next stage in its policy. the nobel peace prize has been awarded to a group of tunisians who helped pull their country back from the brink of civil war. it includes trades unions, employers, lawyers, and human rights activists. they have been honored for helping build democracy after the revolution. >> reporter: the announcement a surprise to be sure. >> the nobel peace prize for 2015 is to be awarded to the tunisian national dialogue quartet, for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in tunisia in the weak of the jasmine revolution of 2011. >> reporter: while many watchers had tipped pope francis or german chancellor angela merkel
11:23 am
to win, in the end the nobel committee send an important message. while other countries were hit by violent conflict, tunisia's transition has been more peaceful. it is made up of four key groups: formed in 2013, when tunisia's democratic process was in danger of collapsing. this was a period of social unrest and political assassination. the quartet pushed the civility and inclusiveness, and helped pull the country back from the brink of civil war. tunisia went on to pass a new constitution and held successful parliamentary and presidential
11:24 am
elections. the nobel jury said they hoped the prize would contribute towards safeguarding democracy in tunisia, and be an inspiration to all of those who seek to promote peace and democracy in the rest of the world. inspiration that is still needed in a country that has suffered from major attacks that have devastated its tourism industry. this prize may have been unexpected, but it's given hope to many tunisians in these difficult times. a researcher at the tunisian league for human rights, one of the members of the quartet. she says libyans could find a peaceful end to their civil war by following tunisia's example. >> i think tunisians all of them are very proud of their civil groups. they know now how to overcome every common political crisis,
11:25 am
with such social and su such -- civil societies [ inaudible ]. i think that when we can turn our heads around, to libya, and all of what is occurring in libya, its military, militias, and i think when -- when libyans can see that tunisia won for the first time this achievement, first of all, the national dialogue helped the tunisians overcome social and political crisis in a time that was political assassinations and social unrest, and now when libyans just see us, we could overcome our own crisis, i think they could do as well, interior as well, and every place with
11:26 am
where that conflict -- there are conflicts and military conflicts, especially in the south africa -- i'm sorry, north africa, and the middle east, they can see that there is hope and civil society can do what arms can't do. still ahead on the al jazeera news hour. britain's national healthcare is in crisis as junior doctors threaten to go on strike. plus -- i'm in central malaysia, i'll be telling you why the rare oil from these trees is big business for poachers and how it affects indigenous communities. and we'll tell you about a football team in south africa trying to restore hope to a community riddled with [ inaudible ]. stay with us. ♪
11:27 am
11:28 am
11:29 am
>> we're in the "prairie state" yet we have such little of it left. >> now old-school methods meet cutting-edge science... >> we've returned this iconic mammal to illinois. >> with a much bigger long-term benefit. >> grasslands have a critical role in climate change. >> it's exciting. >> techknow's team of experts show you how the miracles of science... >> this is what innovation looks like. >> can affect and surprise us. >> i feel like we're making an impact. >> awesome! >> techknow - where technology meets humanity. welcome back. a reminder of our top stories on al jazeera. at least six palestinians have been killed by israeli troops as
11:30 am
they del straighted along the gaza border. another 70 are injured. tension has been rise thering the region after a series of stabbings in the region. the u.s. is overhauling its embattled training program for syrian rebels fighting isil. defense secretary ashe carter says it will change its program. and the decision has been approved to intercept and cease people trafficking vehicles in the mediterranean. now after months of talks to end fighting in libya, the u.n. is proposing settlement, which includes a national unity government. rival parliaments now need to approve the proposed deal four years after the fall of moammar gadhafi.
11:31 am
one group came to power when an alliance of former rebels took over the capitol city last year. the group drove out the national recognized government which now operates out of tobruk. it's ally to the renegade general which commands a loose alliance of armed factions. joining us for more is a libyan journalists, joins us via skype from morocco. thank you for your time. morocco, of course, where those peace talks were held. i know you are often in contact with the special envoy to libya. what was his reaction when this deal was reached? >> hello, first, thank you for having me. i have been in contact with him often, especially like we talk after the press conferences. last night i talked to him, and he asked me what i think?
11:32 am
and i thought it wasn't so bad. but he looked very relieved. he thought that he accomplished something, especially right now at the end of his contract. he thinks that him right now leaving is not a bad thing. he's leaving and leaving a legacy behind that his successor could follow and maybe finish this proposal. >> did he accomplish anything, though? is this deal going to work? >> to celebrate, not yet. there are a lot of issues that still lie ahead, but he was very relieved. a year ago libya was in chaos and civil war. right now at least we have something. we have something called a political agreement, that came from dialogue and not guns. so that on its own is kind of an achievement we need to acknowledge. >> what are the issues and challenges thalie ahead? >> well, there's a lot of them.
11:33 am
beginning right now, the names to be finalized and given the trust by the parliament in tobruk. and the list has already generated a lot of discussion, a lot of heat, we're even expecting protests against this list today or tomorrow. also second, we have the government location, where this government will be located. originally the government is supposed to be located in triply, tripoli is being controlled by gnc. and that brings us to the third part, what part will gnc play? >> up until last week, the gnc seemed to be involved in the talks. what happened? >> the truth, three days ago, the gnc team it is even still here -- three days ago the head
11:34 am
of the gnc team was called back to tripoli by the gnc to discuss names and come back here with a list of candidates. the gnc changed that, and instead of sending lists, they sent amendments, which was very clear by the u.n. and the international community over and over again, they said there are not going to be any amendments. the political agreement is final. the gnc did not accept that. so they said, okay, if you are not going to give us amendment, then we are not going to give you names. in the press conference before, he clearly said at the beginning of the conference that he was very disappointed with the gnc decision on not giving names, but they cannot delay this government any longer, because libya could fall into chaos after the 20th of october when
11:35 am
the parliament in tobruk ends its time. >> thank you so much for your incite. thank you. european governments often deny they pay ransoms for hostages, but the recent safe return of italian captors from syria has lead to speculation there may be more to the story. al jazeera has incovered evidence that the italian government is doing deals with kidnappers. >> reporter: italian citizen and his girlfriend released by somali pirates linked to al-shabab in 2012 after nearly two years in captivity. the media was told that the couple's release was secured by a combination of diplomacy and intervention by the western-backed somali military forces. >> thank you all.
11:36 am
we love you. >> reporter: but secret intelligence documents obtained by al jazeera's investigative unit, reveal that this was a lie. the italian government in fact paid over half a million dollars as a ransom. bruno east sister vieira, who negotiated for the family was told to keep quiet about the details of her brother's release. >> we were told never to -- to disclose that they actually paid. >> we were debriefed on certain things that we were not allowed to speak about. and that was one of them. >> reporter: vieira is con fined the italian government saved her brother's life. >> somalis would have ended up burying my brother and debbie. they would have died there. >> reporter: al jazeera has uncovered evidence that these same tactics were employed by the italian government to secure the release of their hostages held in syria.
11:37 am
when dominiqueo and pierre were released after several months in captivity in syria, there were again rumors of a ransom payment. al jazeera has spoken to eyewitnesss who saw the cash handed over. >> translator: i was present when the money was delivered. it was me and the italian person who brought the money. >> translator: the money consisted of packs of one thoundz -- thousand dollars each in a separate plastic bag. >> reporter: the government said the money was provided by the families. but pierre insists that his family did not pay. and dominiqueo says he is unaware of any family payment. al jazeera obtained evidence that the italian government is willing to pass millions to al-nusra, a group once linked to al-qaeda. aid workers were released in
11:38 am
january 2015. these exclusive pictures show the $11 million handed over to representatives of al-nusra for the two women. the italian government declined to comment on our allegations, saying their policy is not to pay ransoms. simon bozeman, al jazeera. you can watch the full al jazeera investigative documentary at 2200 gmt. 50,000 junior doctors in england are threatening to go on strike. they are unhappy with new contracts which they fear will make them work longer with less pay. >> reporter: it was an ambitious plan to bring free healthcare to all. for decades it has been the pride of britain.
11:39 am
and now nearly 70 years on the national health service is in crisis. under pressure and struggling to pay its bills. thousands of junior doctors are threatening to walk out in a row over pay and conditions. tom is a young doctor. he loves his job, and always expected to work long hours, but worries a new contract, which the u.k. government wants to introduce could push people too far. >> we all went into this, because we care enormously for our patients and we want to help people. and we all knew there were long hours and it is a very stressful job. >> reporter: the new contract will affect about 50,000 junior doctors working in england. the government has just offered some concessions as say as tomorrow's leaders, junior doctors should be treated with fairness, but what the row illustrates about the
11:40 am
wide-spread worry about the future of the system. worry that a system which is supposed to be the gold standard in care for everyone and not just the rich is being steadily dismantled, claims the government denies. many junior doctors fear that this new contract will put more pressure on an already squeezed service. more and more of them are considering going abroad to work. the perception is in places such as australia and new zealand, they would be treated better. >> what we're really upset about is if we work dangerously long hours, then the decisions we make, which are life and death decisions would be impaired. we don't want to put patients at risk, because we're extremely tired or not able to make decisions safely. >> reporter: if they do take demonstrative actions it will be the first time since the 1970s, a period of discontent in british life, and one no
11:41 am
government will want to live through again. volkswagen is to recall 90,000 cars in australia fitted with devices to cheat emission tests. the chief executive of the company in the u.s. has testified at a congressional subcommittee. the apologized to what he called a deeply troubling fraud. germany says about 3.6 million cars in europe with 1.6 liter engines will require hardware changes. in guinea at least two people have been killed in fighting between supporters of rival political parties in the run up to sunday's election. the house of opposition leader has been attacked by government supporters, after a convoy carrying the prime minister was stopped by opposition supporters. help is on its way for indonesia as it struggles to put out toxic forest fires.
11:42 am
malaysia has deployed three planes to fight the fire. the haze has disrupted several flights and shut down schools. poachers in cambodia and thailand are threatening forrest hunters in malaysia and the trees they depend on to survive. tribesmen news their noses to sniff out a particular kind of tree because its dark is used to make a popular perfume. our correspondent has been to the area to see how a way of life for tribes people and the trees they seek are in danger. >> reporter: two thirds of malaysia is covered by forrest, home to more than 1500 species of animals and as many plants. indigenous tribes have lived off of the land for generations. tribesmen know how to harvest without causing permanent damage. this type of tree is plentiful.
11:43 am
if in facted with naturally occurring fungus a darkries -- dark resin is produced that makes perfume. >> translator: we feel very sad when we go into the forest and see poefrps from thailand and come bodia cutting our trees, because people from far away lands come and take the trees, and we have very few left. >> reporter: up to 80 members of the community harvest the resin that comes from these trees. but that's not the case for poachers that enter malaysia and fell these treeshether they have got resin in them or not. one kilo of the poached wood can be worth as much as $30,000 which is why the market is growing. production is supposed to be regulated, yet locally made it
11:44 am
is difficult to produce and expensive to buy. >> 1,0002,000. >> reporter: it's very expensive? >> yeah. >> the malaysian government needs to crack down on poachers, and come up with a scheme so that only genuine, malaysian collectors are aloud to collect the wood. >> reporter: the malaysian government didn't respond to our request for comment. commercial production has been licensed. and it's hoped farms like this one will deter poachers from the forests, they aren't just nurturing young saplings, but local people who depend on the land to surprise. such as in man who lives hundreds of kilometers to the north of those licensed farms is depending on the forst to survive despite the new threat from poachers to their traditional way of living.
11:45 am
at least ten people, ten inmates have been killed after a fire swept through a prison in the philippines. the blaze started in the maximum security area holding more than 1,000 prisoners. scientists fighting malaria in east africa are now facing the famine weed that is growing across the entire area, where researchers have found it is attracting mosquitos. catherine soi reports. >> reporter: scientists in nairobi warn that every move of the female mosquito which transmits mo lairia, and they are studying the famine weed it feeds on. mosquitos are attracted to the
11:46 am
weed's nectar. by scientific standards, the researcher is still in early days, but the lead says the preliminary findings are worrying. >> they can live very long, because they get the resources from [ inaudible ]. it just tells us that when the mosquito is not carrying the parasi parasite, it can survive a lot longer. if the mosquito is infected with the parasite, what does it mean in terms of the impact on the survival of the mosquito, that we don't know. >> reporter: this weed was introduced in the 1970s, and has been spreading fast, displacing many other plants. it can grow in any environment and any weather. a big concern is what it could mean in areas where the malaria
11:47 am
prevalence rate is still very high if the research shows that the weed keeps the parasite alive longer, this could be a big problem here. malaria is widespread in westen kenya. public awareness programs have helped ease the burden. but about a quarter of the people who live here have been diagnosed with malaria. many of those don't seek treatment. >> [ inaudible ] the government takes over, people get to know about this plant. because it's common, but some people don't know the effect it has on humans and animals or [ inaudible ]. >> reporter: this person has been clearing the weed for years, but it always grows back. he doesn't know about the link with malaria, he does know none of his other plants can grow
11:48 am
when it is around. >> when there is rain it grows up very faster here. and we don't know what we can do about it. but we're trying to cut it when it comes up. >> reporter: back in nairobi scientists try to continue to solve the puzzle. one person has been killed and three others wounded in a shooting at a university in the united states. police were called to northern arizona university in the early hours of friday. officials say the suspected attacker has been arrested. the university has more than 25,000 students. and a u.s. city has agreed to pay $6.5 million compensation to the family of a black man who was shot by a white police officer. walter scott was shot in the back as he tried to escape traffic policeman last year. the shooting in south carolina reignited a national outcry over
11:49 am
the treatment of minority groups. still ahead on the news hour, the new liverpool boss has been getting up to some mischief on his arrival. all of the details with farah in sport next. ♪
11:50 am
♪ time for sport. >> thank you so much. sepp blatter has filed an official appeal against his suspension from football. he was given a 90-day ban by the
11:51 am
organization's ethics committee after being accused of making a disploy payment to european football boss. blatter's lawyer say the 79 year old is confident he can prove he didn't engage in any misconduct. this man is also protesting a ban handed down by the ethic's committee. he says he will be taking his case to the sport of arbitration of sport. he had hoped to stand in the election to choose blatter's replacement. [ inaudible ] was officially reprimanded from the international olympic's committee. >> translator: i have nothing to fear about. i'm very calm. if all of these things that are happening now, you think if
11:52 am
those investigators had noticed something wrong with me, they will let me in peace. no, they caught sepp blatter, michel platini. why am i free? because they found no charges against me. liverpool boss says if he is given time he'll deliver the club silverware. he suggested he'll win the title within four years. the club are currently struggling, sitting tenth in the league, with just 12 points in 8 games. he has also been causing some drama. he seemed to mock marino who called himself the special one when he first took over at chelsea. >> i'm a totally normal guy. i came from black forest. my mother is sitting in front of the television watching this press conference, and she is very proud.
11:53 am
i'm a totally normal guy. i'm the normal one, maybe if you want. [ laughter ] spain can guarantee their place in 2016 by lating luxemburg later. a draw may also be enough to get the men through if ukraine do not beat macedonia. djokovic is through to the semifinals of the china open. he beat his opponent in straight sets. it took him just 52 minutes to get the job done. he is looking to win his eighth title this year. nadal also advances to the semifinals. the third seed came from a set down to beat his american opponent. he will now play in his first
11:54 am
hardcourt semifinal this season. >> it is good to finally have one comeback after losing the first set, i lost [ inaudible ] in the first set, so it was good to change that and win a match losing that first set, so i'm very happy for the vic trim. phil mickelson might be the first experienced player in south korea, but he doesn't know one of the rules. during his four ball's match he used a different ball at the 7th tee tee. he was then told by officials he couldn't complete the hole. that cost he and his partner, a two-hole penalty. but they ended up drawing the match. team usa now have a 5-4 lead over the international team. now a small local football club in south africa is trying to rerace memories of attacks on
11:55 am
immigrants in the country, but the team's noble efforts may fail at the final whistle. >> reporter: it's sunday morning. matthew is getting ready for a game. he joined the local football club four years ago in an area with residents from across the continent. >> i love soccer, so to go there, it was like i was going to where -- what i love, what i love to do most. >> reporter: the team organizers wanted to restore hope to a community riddled by great divisions. in 2008, 62 people were killed in attacks against foreigners. it was mozambiquian coach who had the idea of bringing players of different nationalities together. he hoped it would help
11:56 am
reintegrate foreigners. >> the only way we could enjoy being together. >> reporter: they get together once a week. >> we are here as africans. we have joined from different countries together. we accept defeat in humility, and also accept our victory in humility as well. >> reporter: he team had to get special permission to take part in the league because of its ethnic makeup. >> as you can see they are all from different countries, but whenever we score a goal, we celebrate together. >> reporter: organizers say they are proud of what they have achieve sod far. >> we feel that what we're doing here in some way has healed that pain. >> reporter: the team has been
11:57 am
promoted four times since starting at the bottom of the league. the football club has progressed from local community football to the divisions of semiprofessional league competition, but any further advances could be hit by a snag. league rules stipulate that all players have to be south african. >> it's tragic, yes. but that's the nature of the game -- that's the nature of the rules. >> reporter: the football club says it will field two separate teams, one made up entirely of south africans, but for this team, the greater pride is a strong community helping each other. and there's much more sport on our website, for all of the latest, check out we have got blogs and video clips from our correspondent around the world. that's all of your sport for now. >> farah thank you very much. that's it for our news hour on
11:58 am
al jazeera. do stay with us, jewly mcdonald is live next from london. >> we're offering something on our menu that no-one else is offering. >> gang life... this was our foundation. it's what we all knew. when i met daisy, it was the best day of my life. i told my co-workers, i'm gonna marry her... when my past caught up with me
11:59 am
and made us all pay the price. >> it was very confusing... they were just, "where is it? where did he put it"? the social worker said, "i'm gonna have to take the baby". you're gonna have to kill me to take my child. they took my family. he's like, "they're using your child as leverage". the day i think i'm getting sarah back, my public defender tells me they're gonna take me to trial. i don't know how i'm gonna do it but... i need another lawyer. >> that judge is not known for his compassion. >> if at any point i'm not fighting for my family, i don't know what that would do to me. >> families don't survive this. >> saturdays on al jazeera america. technology... it's a vital part of who we are - >>they had some dynamic fire behavior... >> and what we do... >> don't try this at home! >> techknow, where technology meets humanity... saturday, 6:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america.
12:00 pm
at least six palestinian are shot dead in gaza, dozens more are injured as the situation across the occupied territory deteriorates. ♪ hello i'm julie mcdonald, this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up, the u.s. says it is overhauling its discredited multi-million dollars training program for syrian rebels. the u.n. approves plans to arrest and seize people smugglers on the high