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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 9, 2015 1:00pm-1:31pm EDT

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you can keep up throughout the day on ♪ israeli troops kill at least six palestinians and wound several others as a week of violence spreads to the gaza strip. ♪ hello there, i'm julie mcdonald, this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up. changing strategy, the pentagon, gives up on a training a rebel force. also -- >> these groups have no respect for human life. the u.n. approves plans to give more power to european union nations trying to stop
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people smugglers. and we're on north korea's border with china to find out where a once strong relationship is increasingly strained. ♪ at least six palestinians have been killed by gunfire from the israeli army as they demonstrated along the border between gaza and israel. gaza medical forces say another 70 have been wounded. tension has been rising after a series of stabbings in israel and the palestinian territory in recent days. hoda abdel hamid is in ramallah. what is the situation at the moment? >> reporter: well, things have slowed down now just because it's dark has settled in, but i have to say that throughout the
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day, we have been witnessing quite intense clashes and no matter how much the israeli army tried to push back to protesters, well, they bureaucrat determined to stand their ground, and so they did. they actually throughout the afternoon spread even further. a certain point past the israeli army's position here in ramallah on the north edge of the town. and then there were also similar clashes, all over the occupied west wank in hebron, where one person died, but he did not die of a protest, he -- according to israeli army, he was trying to stab a israeli citizen, and then there were also clashes in nablous, bethlehem and jerricho. so a very tense situation all across the west bank and in gaza
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where six protesters died during clashes there. there is a fence that separates gaza from southern israel. the protesters had gone all the way to that fence in solidarity of what has been going on across the occupied west bank, and occupied east jerusalem, that there they were probably met with more intense fire power by the israeli army. >> hoda if you can explain what is behind the clashes? >> reporter: well, there is certainly a lot of frustration that has been building up for a while. today here in ramallah earlier, just after friday prayer there was the burial of a young palestinian who was behind the killing of two israelis. one by stabbing in the old industry of jerusalem, six days ago. his body was returned this
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morning, and when you saw the funeral procession, many of the people standing there that told me they hadn't seen such a show of solidarity of all of the factions in a very long time. there has been frustration and a complete lack of hope. and you ask these youth why are you doing this? they say because we feel that there's no other way to keep the struggle alive. they say that this is the only way that they can have their voices heard. they say they won't be silenced. many told me, we have been hearing all the time about political negotiations. we have been seeing conferences. we have been seeing summits. on the ground things have actually gotten worse. so you do have, yes, this wave of stabbing that has been going on, but this is an expression of all that has been building up in the past for a few years, and there is a certain anger at the
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palestinian authority for some of the young people think it's giving in too much to israel. they would like to see those oslo according come pleasely scrapped. they say they have never been implemented by israel on the ground. their settlement have expanded throughout the years. their movement has been limited throughout the years, so they don't see the point anymore. >> hoda abdel hamid live in ramallah. hoda, thank you. now israeli police say a palestinian woman in the occupied west bank has been shot after she stabbed an officer. earlier four arabs were stabbed in a southern israeli city, the israeli attacker is in police custody. and a palestinian was arrested after stabbing an israeli teenager. mike hanna has more from occupied east jerusalem. >> reporter: a number of attacks still occurring in the occupied
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west bank and in israel proper, but somewhat different than what we have seen in recent days. a palestinian israeli woman attempted to stab an israeli soldier. she was shot, police say moderately wounded. and then an israeli 17 year old attacks four arabs. they were moderate to seriously injured. the israeli attacker has been arrested. and one is seeing a pattern in an increase in israeli right-wing activity. in west jerusalem overnight a crowd of demonstrators gathered shouting insults towards arabs insisting they were going to march on occupied east jerusalem, of our, police dispersed them, a number of those israelis were dispersed. so continuing tension in various parts of israel and the occupied west bank. police say very difficult to
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deal with these stabbing attacks regardless of where they come from, because they are unorganized and they are random. ♪ the u.s. say it plans to overhaul its much-cite sized syrian rebel training program. so far more than $500 million has been spend on equipping and preparing troops outside of syria to fight against islamic state of iraq and the levant. but many recruits have fled or been killed in combat. >> we have been looking for now several weeks at ways to improve that program. i wasn't satisfied with the early efforts in that regard, so we're looking at different ways to achieve, basically the same kind of strategic objective, which is the right one, which is to enable capable, motivated
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forces on the ground to retake territory from isil, and reclaim syrian territory from extremisms. >> let's go live to rosiland jordan in washington, d.c. hi, ros. is this being seen as another sign of uncertainty in washington's syria strategy, do you think? >> it's more a question of whether the obama administration has uncertainty in its program in terms of trying to go after members of isil. certainly there is criticism about this particular part of the overall strategy, which was to try to basically build up a 15,000-member infantry to do the u.s.'s dirty work as it were. what was pretty obvious from the very beginning was you had two problems. one, the u.s. wanted these vetted members of the syrian
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opposition to go after isil, the members wanted to go after the government of bashar al-assad, and then there's the other factor, the congressional requirement that the u.s. do a background check on all of the people that the military was going to train for this isil force, and the -- the vetting really yielded very few people. they trained at most maybe a hundred people before the program was suspended. and once those people were deployed some just cut and ran and some turned over their weapons to al-nusra. so it was an embarrassment for the obama administration, and as you pointed out, a very expensive embarrassment. a half a billion dollars apportioned for this program. >> ros what is going to happen
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instead then? >> reporter: well, what is going to happen instead is that the u.s. says that it does know about groups that have been fighting against isil, particularly in northeastern syria, and so finally after many, many months of requests from these groups, the u.s. is going to provide what it is describing as very basic defense material. things like ammunition and bullet-proof jackets and that sort of thing, to these forces so that as they continue engaging in the fight against isil, they can at least have some basic military protections, but they are not going to get things such as surface to air rocket launchers or man pads or anything that would be given to a standing army, because the u.s. wants to retain, obviously control, not only over its equipment, but it also doesn't have the time now to actually train other people to use this
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equipment. so it's what they are calling an evolution of the assistance program for local fighters in the fight against isil, but the u.s. is very clear, this is somebody going after isil. this is not about trying to get involved in the syrian civil war. >> rosiland jordan joining me live from washington, d.c. thank you. russia says its latest air strikes have killed 200 fighters and destroyed underground facilities and its planes killed a hundred fighters in the aleppo region and at least five were killed in an air strike on a camp for displaced people. the french defense minister says more air strikes are being planned on isil targets in syria. french fighter jets targeted a training camp in are raqqa, which is a isil strong hold.
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and iran's revolutionary guard has confirmed the death of a top general in syria. he was an advisor to president bashar al-assad's army. zana hoda reports now from neighboring lebanon. >> reporter: he was a top ranking member of iran's elite revolutionary guards. but his death in syria's northern province of aleppo leaves more questions than answers. a statement says he was killed by isil forces while on a mission to advise the syrian army. some reports suggested that the general was supposed to supervise a major opposition. iran admits its military advisors are on the grown, but denies it has ground troops. however, fighters from the iran backed lebanese movement hezbollah are in syria, thousands of its fighters have helped president assad in power.
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in the past he has spoken about his overstretched army and a lack of manpower, but now russia has stepped in, providing military support from the skies. their air strikes have mainly targeted strong holds of the various opposition groups fighting the government. isil is on the move. advancing on the ground. despite russian air strikes, isil carried out a surprise attack. it is now at the doorsteps of aleppo city. it didn't capture territory from the government, it captured areas under the control of the opposition in the eastern countryside of the province. isil now controls parts of the main rebel supply line, linking turkey to its strong hold in the city. aleppo is a divided city. the opposition controls the east, and the government controls the west, but assad's forces hold positions on the outer edges in the industrial
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complex. isil's front line has moved any group is now a few kilometers north of the industrial complex in the aleppo infantry academy, which was a base for the opposition. they already controlled a town urter east. opposition forces are stretched, fighting two enemies on multiple fronts, and now they are trying to hold off an advance by government forces supported by russian air strikes, another layer of confusion in the changing landscape of syria's war. zana hoda, al jazeera, beirut. there's much more still ahead. >> i'm catherine soi in western kenya. i'll be telling you about this invasive weed and why malaria researchers here are so worried about it. and playing in paradise, the humpback whales coming to the surface to see the northern lights.
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♪ the only way to get better is to challenge yourself, and that's what we're doing at xfinity. we are challenging ourselves to improve every aspect of your experience. and this includes our commitment to being on time. every time. that's why if we're ever late for an appointment, we'll credit your account $20. it's our promise to you. we're doing everything we can to give you the best experience possible. because we should fit into your life. not the other way around.
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well woman back. a reminder of those top stories here on al jazeera. at least six palestinians have been killed by gunfire from the israeli army as they demonstrate along the border. a palestinian was always killed in the west bank. israeli police say a palestinian woman in the occupied west bank has been shot after she stabbed an officer. four arabs and an israeli teenager were also stabbed in separate attacks on friday.
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the u.s. says it plans to other haul its program for training and supporting syrian rebels. the united nations security council has approved european naval operations to sei and destroy human trafficking boats off of the coast of libya. >> any action will be proportional. in keeping with the limits authorized by this resolution and used solely against the smugglers and empty boats. any migrants encountered as part of the operation will be taken to europe as part of the procedure. >> the nobel peace prize has been rewarded to tunisia's national dialogue quartet. our correspondent reports now from tunis. >> reporter: the announcement a surprise to be sure.
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the nobel peace prize for 2015 is to be awarded to the tunisian national dialogue quartet for its decisive contribution to the building of a mrur listic democracy in tunisia in the wake of the revolution of 2011. >> reporter: in the end the nobel committee sent a powerful message on the importance of pluralism and dialogue. while other so-called arab spring countries were hit by violent conflict, tunisia's political process has been more peaceful. the democracy group is made up of four key organizations in tunisian civil society:
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formed in 2013 when tunisia's democratic process was in danger of collapsing. this was a period of social unrest and political assassination. and they helped pull the country back from the brink of civil war. they went on to hold successful parliamentary and presidential elections. the nobel jury said they hoped the prize could contribute towards safeguarding democracy in tu nia, and be an inspire ration to all of those who seek to promoat peace and democracy in the rest of the world. this prize may have been unexpected but it has given hope to mr. tu nizians.
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rival supports in guinea have been fighting. in parts of west kenya, one in four people have contracted malaria this year. the deadly sarah site is being inhelped by an invasive weed that is attracting infected mosquitos. >> reporter: scientists in nairobi warn that every move of the female mosquito which transmits malaria, and they are also studying the weed it feeds on. mosquitos are attracted to the weed's nectar which keeps them alive if they can't find blood to suck.
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the research is still in its early days, but the lead researcher says the preliminary finings are worrying. >> [ inaudible ] it just tells us that when the mosquito is not carrying the parasite it can live longer. so the question is if the mosquito is infected what does it mean on the survive ol of the mosquito. that we don't know. >> reporter: this weed was introduced to east africa in the 1970s, and has been spreading fast. it can grow in any environment and any weather. a big concern for scientists what it could mean in places [ inaudible ] where the malaria prevalence rate is still very high. if the research concludes that the weed also keeps the mosquito parasite alove longer than this
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could be a big problem here. malaria is widespread in western kenya. public aware programs and other preventative strategies have helped ease the burden, but about a quarter of the people who live here have been diagnosed with malaria this year. doctors say everyone must be made aware of the weed's danger. >> [ inaudible ] government takes over, people get to know about this plant. it's common, but some people don't know the effects it has on humans or animals or mosquitos. >> reporter: this person has been clearing the weed for years, but it always grows back. he doesn't know about the link with malaria, he does know that none of his other plants can grow when it is around. >> when there is rain it grows up very faster here, and we don't know what we can do about it. but we are trying to cut it.
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every season it comes up. >> reporter: back in nairobi scientists continue to try to solve the puzzle of the malaria-carrying mosquitos, and the plant they love. the once strong relationship between china and north korea is strained because of a spike in cross-border crime. north korean soldiers are thought be behind much of it as adrian brown explains. >> reporter: north korea is tantalizingly close here. the industrial industry just meters from the chinese border, the river marks the frontier between two supposed allies, but it appears relations are not what they were. a police roadblock outside of the chinese village where four people were murdered last december. we were turned away. china's government blames north
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korean soldiers who came looking for food. this local man says more needs to be done to protect the community. >> translator: of course i worry about my safety, but there is nothing i can do about it. live here. >> reporter: like most people here, mr. lee is an ethnic korean, he lives in the village where three police surveillance cameras have now been installed. in total, ten people have been murdered in this remote region since last december. chinese government officials confirm another citizen was shot in the area two weeks ago, but they won't say if they think north korea is to blame. in response to the murders, some have moved away. but villager has already begun to empty as younger generations left to find better prospects. only the elderly remain. and they feel especially vulnerable now. >> translator: when they cross the border looking for food, you
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just give it to them, and you will be fine. if you don't, they might take revenge on you. >> reporter: the security fence is more than three meters high here, but some worry that the barrier is not enough to protect them. just across the border a glimpse of every day life in north korea, and as you can see here there is a gap in the fence, making it very easy for a north korean civilian or soldier to slip into china. choo that's government has shown willingness to publish the murders, a sign of their growing anger and frustration. >> i would say that the relationship may not be at a tipping point, but it is definitely much worse than it has ever been. >> reporter: but china's ties with south korea have rarely been better. >> not only that but beijing is now trying to present itself as a super power, engaged
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geopolitically, interested in economic prosperity, and north cia is an embarrassing blight on that agenda. >> reporter: for now though, china remains north korea's important and much richer friend. but tensions along the border could put that at risk. state-run health services in the u.k. have sunk $1.5 billion into debt. they are under increasing pressure. and junior doctors are threatening to take action >> reporter: it was an ambitious plan to bring free healthcare to all. for decades it has been the pride of britain, and now nearly 70 years on, the national health service is in crisis. under pressure and struggling to
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pay its bills. thousands of junior doctors are threatening to walk out in a rauch over pay and conditions. tom is a young doctor. he loves his job, and always expected to work long hours, but worries a new contract which the government wants to introduce could push people too far. >> we all went into this, because we care enormously about patients, and we want to help people. and we all knew there were long hours and it is a very stressful job, and we were prepared to that. >> reporter: it will affect about 50,000 junior doctors working in england. what the row illustrates is the worry about the future, worry that a system which is supposed to be the gold standard in care for everyone, and not just the
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rich is being steadily dismantled, claims the government denies. many junior doctors fear that this new contract will put more pressure on an already squeezed service, more and more of them are considering going abroad to work. the perception is in places such as australia and new zealand they would be treated better. >> what we're really upset about is that if we work dangerously long hours, then the decisions we make, which are life and death decisions, could be impaired and we don't want to end up in a situation where we are putting patients at risk, because we're extremely tired or not able to make those decisions safely. >> reporter: if they take action it will be the first time since the 1970s, a period of discontent in british life, and one no government will want to live through again. a norwegian cameraman has
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captured an extraordinary moment. he captured the rare sight of humpback whales playing under the northern lights. the following day he went back for a closer view and saw them again. amazing. you can find out much more on our website, it's collie a change in any program to train syrian fighters, an acknowledgment the original plan is not working. president obama travels to roseburg, oregon. >> the water is causing us not to be able to get in the fields to do the harvest. >> reporter: and crop concerns how flood waters are taking a toll on farmers in sout