"inside story." see you next time. i'm ray suarez. >> this is aljazeera america, live from new york city. i'm tony harris. change in strategy. the pentagon nicks it's training of syrian rebels. paul ryan is being urged to run for house speaker, and the unexpected recipients of the nobel peace prize.
and we begin with the united states announcing that it's abandoning it's plan to train syrian rebels to train against isil. the pentagon admits that the $500 million plan is not working, but mike viqueira is in washington with the latest. >> reporter: succeeding failure, secretary of defense, ash cart, said that the u.s. is pulling the plug on the program to train and equip syrian rebels. >> the way to achieve the same kind of strategic objective, which is the right one. >> reporter: the idea was for the u.s. to train fighters in a third country and send them back to syria to fight isil. [ audio difficulties ] >> our apologies, we'll get back to that report from mike viqueira in moments. a top general has been killed in syria.
hosein was apparently advising syrian troops when he was killed. hamdany was a long time figure in the revolutionary guard. russia said it's latest airstrikes in syria have killed hundreds of fighters, along with two field commanders. russia has remained one of bashar al-assad's strongest supporters, and now we look at that relationship. >> reporter: russian missiles, launched from the caspian sea, bound for targets in syria, the newest dimension in moscow outside of the soviet union in three decades. a campaign that bolsters the regime and moscow's only foothold in the middle east. it's the latest move in a broader game of geo political chess. >> they don't actually care
about syria, quite frankly my view is that if it's a good enough deal for crimea, they would be quite happy. >> mark aliate at new york university with the initiative for the study of threats. >> at the moment, the west, it's entirely dominated by ukraine. >> efforts to broker a peace deal with ukraine have come to a standstill. annexation of crimea and support of pro russian separatists in eastern ukraine have pommeled russia's economy. when experts have more than halved. the double below has driven the ruble down 40%. and it's harder for russian firms to pay debt. and squeezed ordinary russiansing struggling to cope with inflation. they suggest only 24% of
russia's listed improved quality of life as russian president vladimir putin's main achievement. down from 43% in 2009. but a face saving exit from sanctions has proven elusive to the kremlin. >> the russians feel that the west is not giving them any off-ramps. they want them to surrender. >> russia's double down in syria is not without risks, but with the u.s. refusing to cooperate militarily in syria with the kremlin, a rollback on sanctions could be not many chess moves away. >> in washington, the fight this week among house republicans is raising deep fears within the party. and there are questions on whether the gop can solve this leadership problem. david schuster as the report. >> on capitol hill friday,
house conservatives accused john boehner of acting like a dictator. in a closed door meeting, they blasted boehner for delaying the nomination vote for his successor after kevin mccarty withdrew. >> we have to have vibrant internal discussions and i think that we'll get it right. the world will still function, and congress will still function. we have time. >> the fight, however, over the conference vote is another reminder of the republican civil war, and that war has left republicans unable to govern. the most powerful and crippling force in anger. anger at president obama, and anger at republican leaders for even daring to talk with him. >> everybody wants unity. unit around what principle? >> a few weeks ago, the conservative hardliners wanted boehner to resign, and this
week, they took out their anger with mccarthy. with no clear replacement for house speaker, the republican conference is in chaos. >> that's what's going on here. >> a similar dynamic is playing out in the presidential nomination race. the establishment thought that the race would highlight the former and current governors and senators, but government experience has now become a line of attack. >> we have losers, we have losers. we have people that don't have it. >> billionaire developer, donald trump, continues to lead nearly every republican nomination poll. ben carson, a neuro surgeon is running second, and business woman, carly fiorina, who has also never held elected office is third. establishment candidates have tried to hit back, especially at trump. >> he's shallow and there's no
substance, he has no idea about policy, and he makes it up on the fly. >> but the anti-washington tidal wave only seems to be growing. lawmakers that it could bridge the gop divide, and house budget chair, paul ryan. >> if he decides to do it, he would be amazing but he has to decide on his own. >> but 45-year-old ryan said that he doesn't want the job or the time that it would take away from his young family. and house republicans are trying to draft somebody from outside of the chamber. the constitution says that the speaker doesn't have to be a member of congress, and former house speaker, newt gingrich said that he would consider taking up the gavel again if offered. >> no it citizen could turn that down. george washington came out of retirement and there are moments that you can't avoid. >> but gingrich said that he
would have the same problem as mccarthy. house speaker, john boehner, said that he will stay in office until the issue of his succession is resolved. and congress pledged to keep the government running, the same pledge that caused dozens of conservatives to demand boehner's scalp. >> president obama spent the afternoon meeting with families of the victims of the shooting in oregon. but his trip to roseburg is not without controversy. allen is there. >> reporter: not exactly a universally warm welcome for the president here in roseburg. at least one victim's family members went public and said that they plan to skip the meeting with the president. the wounds are still very raw in this area as you might expect. and also, from the almost immediate introduction. last thursday, while the investigation was still
underway of gun control politics. marine one lands in roseburg, oregon, as president obama comes to visit families of nine people killed at the community college last week. >> a chance to talk to them. and obviously in moments like this, words -- but the one thing that they share is how much they appreciate the entire ucc community coming together. >> this visit is not too popular here. it's a conservative area where the second amendment is sacred to many. protesters outside of the area, many of them armed. diane is packing a .38, which she said she has had since she was a little girl. >> idle like to cement al illness drained more and our rights left alone. >> we want to be able to protect ourselves and our properties. >> you will find strength in
communities, supporting victims and properties on sign boards all over the town. a local tattoo shop has raised $5,000 for a victim's fund, selling roseburg strong designs. and what's important, the families and the survivors, people, and not politics. dan marsh knew one of the students who was killed. >> i knew her grandparents and her father and just great people. and my heart is just broke for them. >> at umpqua community college, the classroom building where nine people were murdered, it's still sealed off. near the entrance of the school, flags flying on a cyclone fence honor the victims. small stones spell out hope, unity and love on the sidewalk, but the unity is cracking with the presidential visit. >> somebody somewhere will comment and say, obama
politicized this issue. well, this is something we should politicize. >> this is a hunting and fishing region, and many residents tell us flatly, this is a gun town. >> we support our second amendment right. and he did it to himself, in my opinion. all of this right here would not have happened if he would have handled that press conference appropriately. >> we found one obama supporter at this rally of 500 or so. >> we think that it's disgusting that they're turning his visit of compassion into a political event. >> as this anxious weekends, the division between gun rights and gun control advocates is on full display in roseburg. so far funerals have been held for six of the shooting victims. three remain in the hospital. and the school here plans to reopen the campus on monday.
the rally that we were at today, we spoke to many from far out of roseburg, from northern california or the state of washington, and they had come for this event. one person from roseburg said that he looked around and didn't see many that he recognized. so people traveled from a long distance to get here today. >> allen, i'm wondering, so it's a controversial visit. and we get that. did the president say anything particularly controversial in his remarks today? >> no, he didn't. he was apparently very careful to keep things very short. and he promised the governor of the state of oregon any help from the federal government that the federal government could provide. and he did say this is something that we have to get to. and this is an issue that we have to work on and come together as a country about. but that's about the future. and this is a day for the families, and they appreciate all of the love that has been shown. he was very brief in his remarks, and not do anything
like what he did a week ago. >> okay, allen schauffler for us, and thank you. shortly before the president consoled families in oregon, there were two other campus shootings. the first happened early this morning, one person killed and three wounded at northern university in flagstaff. 18-year-old stephen jones was charged with murder and assault. he shot the victims, all members of the same fraternity after a fight broke out in the parking lot. >> we are of course shocked and deeply saddened by the circumstances that bring us together this morning. our thoughts are with the victims and their families, and our entire lumberjack family. >> while guns are prohibited on the arizona state campuses, state law does allow for guns in vehicles. in houston, texas, police are questioning two people after a shooting at texas southern university. one was killed and another wounded outside of some
apartments. the campus was locked down and classes canceled today. now for the growing violence in israel and palestinian territories. aljazeera's adele has the latest on the tensions in the region. >> reporter: it took israel six days to return the body. he had killed six israelis before being shot dead. his funeral was a show of solidarity and defiance. palestinians took their ang tore the streets. here on the northern edge of ramallah. it all comes as the tension remains. many muslims say that israel is seeking to change the rules of the holy sites, which allows jews to come in but not pray. netanyahu said that it's unchanged.
but here, among the protesters, there's no trust in the words of the prime minister. after several hours, there is no sign of the situation easing up. and actually, the palestinians were able to spread out in those fields, past the positions of the israeli army. now, similar clashes were happening elsewhere in the west bank, and also in gaza. the violence was the deadliest in gaza. earlier in the day, the protesters there had come out in support of the occupied west bank. they hurled rocks through the metal fence that separates both sides, and the response was gunfire, and rubber coated bullets, stun grenades and teargas. >> they are taking positions far from us, and throwing stones. >> then came this video, released on social media, which aljazeera cannot independently
verify. a teenager is holding a knife. the israeli police order her to drop it. while off-camera, voices of bystanders shouted at the police to kill her. she's surrounded and shot point-blank several times. she's in critical condition. israel said she posed an imminent threat. and many palestinians wonder why the lone woman was not overpowered. the palestinian president, mahmoud abbas has called for more. aljazeera, in the occupieding west bank. >> after the arab spring, many countries in the region spiraled into war, but not tuneisha. more on the nobel peace prize winners in the north african nation, and north korea celebrates the country's 70th anniversary of the worker's party.
and i was home in bed, unaware. but that would never happen. comcast business monitors my company's network 24 hours a day and calls and e-mails me if something, like this scary storm, takes it offline. so i can rest easy. what. you don't have a desk bed? don't be left in the dark. get proactive alerts 24/7. comcast business. built for business. >> it's a huge pride, and as a tunisian i feel very proud. they represent the whole country. >> praise in tunisia today for the be nobel peace prize. the tunisian national dialogue quartet. had you heard of the group before today? they were honored for helping
the north african nation steer away from civil war and toward democracy. >> the announcement is a surprise to be sure. >> the nobel peace prize for 2015 is to be awarded to the tunisian national dialogue quartettes for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in tunisia in the wake of the revolution in 2011. >> while many be nobel watchers had picked pope francis or angela merkel to win, in the end, it sent a powerful message on the importance of pluralism and dialogue. while other arab spring countries were hit by violence, their political process has been peaceful. the national dialogue quartet,
the labor u union, the federatin of industry, trade and handy craft, the tunisian rights league, and and order of lawyer. in twitch, they were in danger of collapsing. this with political assassination, and the quartet pushed the stability and the includeness that helped to pull the country back from the brink of civil war. tunisia went on to pass a new constitution and held successful elections. safer guardingg democracy in tunisia and for all of those who seek democracy in the rest of the world. inspiration that's still needed in a country that has suffered from major attacks that have
devastated it's tourism industry. this prize may have been unexpected, but it has given hope to many tunisians in these difficult times. aljazeera, tunees. >> and in tunisia, mohamed is the founder and chairman of the american young professionals organization, and he joins us from washington d.c. mohamed, good to have you on the program, and thanks for the time. >> thanks for having me. my pleasure. >> what's your reaction to the award? >> simply an immense pride for what tunisia has been able to accomplish today. after a lot of suffering, a lot of uncertainties with the tunisian people, i think they deserve this prize. and the other reason for satisfaction, i think is it's civil society that's recognized in tunisia. so behind this quartet, there are hundreds of civil society
organizations in tunisia that after the revolution had played a fundamental role in ensuring this successful political transition, so those are the two reasons why i'm proud today. >> as i ask this question, i'm thinking about egypt. and i'm thinking about libya. how do you explain the smoother transition from revolution to democracy in tunisia, as opposed to the continuing unrest, for example, in neighboring libya? >> well, i think there's historical reasons. for instance, you know, there's less of a -- in fact, no tribal or religious sort of issues or differences in tunisia. it's a pretty homogeneses society. well educated society. it's a society that, where women play an important role, and frankly, the role of the
army has always been away from politics to secure the country. so there are historical arraigns, and i think the rise of society, as i was talking about, and leadership. leadership of some of the political leaders stepped to the plate and put the interest of tunisia in front of the interests of their party or other interests. >> so real challenges ahead. the reality is this is still a very young democracy, facing many challenges. two terrorist attacks in recent months. how is the country doing in its efforts to, on the other hand, ensure stability, while on the other preserving civil liberties? >> well, first of all, i think today was an important boost to the morale of the tunisian people. to make them feel like they're really going in the right
direction, and in the right path. on the other hand, there are many other challenges, one of them the socioeconomic issues of tunisia was fundamentally at the heart of the revolution, but there are lessons learned out of the two terrorist attacks. very unfortunate, but lessons learned. first of all, from the security standpoint, there was denial before the attacks. and we felt in tunisia that we were immune somehow, but we're building a model, a new model of democracy, and it's under attack, so we now realize that we are -- we need to be more vigilant. and the security issue is not only the security apparatus problem, but it's really the people's problem as well. and the people in tunisia, they're more aware that -- they're more sort of vigilance in many ways, and i think that is an important matter.
there's also lessons learned from these terrorist attacks, and the fact that security forces are organizing themselves and measures they're taking in hotels and public places, so all of that, i think are ingredients probably to addressing some of the issues, but the fundamental issues remain the economic and social development issues. because that's at the heart of this revolution. >> you know, i'm thinking of mohamed azizi, as you talk about continuing progress, and what keeps the country moving forward? i hear analysts saying that there needs to be a marshall plan with some dollars injected into that economy from the international community to keep the progress moving. >> there's that, but there's also, i think -- in the same
spirit as this political dialogue yielded the results today. and tunisia with sort of fostering this brand of dialogue and tradeoffs, an economic dialogue needs to be put in place. economic reforms need to be accelerated, and at the end of the day, i think it's a matter of not only want international support. but of tunisians themselves coming to agreement. because i think what was also a successful criteria of tunisia's experience, it's a relatively small country, and they have to figure it out on its own. there was no geo political interest, in sort of being sheltered from a lot of the geo political issues of the region is an important asset. but at the same time, this transition needs the support of the rest of the world. because this is truly an
opportunity for the region and for the world to enable a transition, a political transition. >> you know, i'm going to run the risk of running out of time here, but you have to ask you about what your thoughts are about that young street vendor, mohamed azizi, who was frustrated, and he set himself on fire, and it led to the revolution, and what are your thoughts on him and what he started on this day? >> you know, i have a tremendous amount of respect for all of the tunisian youth, and mohamed azizi, who have really given their lives, and they are also sacrificing their youth for a better future. this generation is taking on a historical role, and it's a generation that deserves the support of the elderly and of the world. >> mohamed, good to see you. the founder and chairman of the
>> updating the top story, the failure of the u.s. plan to train syrian rebels to fight isil. the u.s. is stopping the program. >> when isil fighters cap toured, the u.s. came up with a plan, train syrian rebels to go after isil instead. $500 million over three years to raise an army some is a thousand men strong, and a year later, the u.s. is dumping that idea. and vowing to give basic military support to existing groups, including the peshmerga. u.s. officials insist that the goal is the same. >> enable motivated forced on
the ground to retake territory from isil and reclaim the syrian territory from extremism. >> people graduated from the train and assist program. and it was an embarrassment for the obama administration. >> can you tell us what the total number of trained fighters is? >> it's a small number, and the ones that are in the fight is -- we're talking four or five. >> as i see it right now, this four or five u.s. trained fighters, let's not kid ourselves, that's a joke. >> once the civil war ends, these rebel fighters should have a seat at the political table. >> one of the reasons to provide support for a variety of opposition groups in syria is clearly to fight isil. but another reason is to ensure that there are credible opposition factions in the
country who could be a part of a transition. >> but with russia now running it's own military operations in syria, the u.s. is worried there won't be any alternative to isil once the war ends. >> what we've seen so far, in terms of russian military activity, as they are prominently against opposition groups. >> reporter: even with the one change in u.s. policy, thesation in syria is unstable, and the u.s. has no quick way of ending the violence. >> let's bring in christopher swift, professor of studies at washington university. and christopher, good to have you on the program. and look, i wonder if you agree with me. the moment general austin said four to five u.s.-trained fighters on the ground in the
fight, the program was over. >> well, the program, topi is that the program never got going in the first place. this was always something that congress wanted, and the administration, especially the last secretary of defense was very sceptical about, and as a result, it was always more aspirational than operational. and the fact that they only had around 100 graduates, and only four or five of those individuals are currently still in the field really goes to show how difficult it is to operate in the syrian environment, how reluctant the administration has been to operate in that environment. and how hard it has been to convince rebels in syria to put our primary adversary, ahead of their primary adversary, which is assad. those were never the kinds of policy positions that you were going to yield to any kind of
successful recruiting or operation. >> so chris, what i'm hearing you saying, there was never much of a plan from the very beginning here, because there are very few good options in syria. is that fair to say? >> yeah, that's fair, and look, if you listen to the commentary out of the administration today, they're absolutely right about the need to preserve a moderate political opposition that can stand up to the assad regime and stand up to isis. and the season, at some point, the war comes to an end, and to a political process, and not necessarily for a political process. if the difference is between a brutal regime that kills its own people, and a jihaddist nightmare that kills its own people, if you don't have somebody to deal with the assad
regime. and represent the sunni population inside of syria, what you'll have is a state of perpetual civil war. and what i'm concerned about, it's going to hollow out the opposition to the point where it doesn't exist. and as a result, more people are going to leave. >> are you suggesting that part of a strategy from the russians is to hollow out the moderate opposition in syria now? >> absolutely. if you look at where the russians are striking targets inside of syria, the vast majority of the sorties that they're flying are against rebels, and not in isis-held territory. if you look at the strategy, it's designed to give the assad regime more room for maneuver and more breathing space. they're doubling down on bashar al-assad's strategy of giving the population a choice between
him and isis, and if you look carefully at what the kremlin did in the last major war that it was engaged n. which is to say the war in the movement, they did exactly the same thing, they hollowed out the middle, the moderate, the nationalist wing of the movement and they left the population with a choice between a criminal lift backed by moscow, and jihaddists, it took a decade, and it's still simmering, and the result, massive refugees. >> if that's part of the strategy, is russia ready to own assad and syria? >> one of the difficulties today, the political reality, and the economic reality, the
united states and western europe, where when the economy gets bad, with the regime, what the putin regime has been able to do, insulate itself so much both with what's happening on the ground in the ordinary lives of the russian people, and also, what's happening in the world in terms of the reality. that they're operating based on what they think the world should be, and not the world that it actually is. and that discontinuity leads to some pretty interesting policies. a lot of complexities in places like syria, and a lot of complexity in places like ukraine, and at the end of the day, it leaves russia poorer and weaker than it would be, and less integrated with the national community. >> professor of swift, at georgetown university. thank you for your time. >> good to be with you. >> the united nations,
allowing countries to seize smuggling boats off of the libyan coast. a navy ship rescued 370 refugees from a rubber boat off of that same coast. migrants had died trying to cross the mediterranean sea that this year, and hundreds of thousands of refugees going to europe are dealing with violence there. the german interior minister said that crimes ranging from arson to racist graffiti. be north korea is about to celebrate the 70th anniversary of its ruling party, a lavish parade. and barry, tell us, it seems like a celebration for the central party, and it really is a celebration for the founding of the country, and what i'm
reading is that it could be one of the biggest military perfect aids ever in phonecal north kor. >> yes, it was quoted earlier this year, calling for it, and instructing the officials in the military to put on the biggest military parade ever, and the ruling party of be north korea is closely with his grandson, and close with him as well. there have been civilians rehearsing and coordinating with elements to celebrations as well. interestingly, by all indications, trying to rocket launch, which was something heavily speculated on here and
in the united states, in the weeks following, there has been no evidence reported on such preparations. a lot more is invested if they're going to do that, with the sheer scale, and what they're trying to put on korean time. >> i feel like i've been on a couple of times when you covered this in years past. and remind me what we get to see here. do we get to see skim jong un in public? and are there any changes to his inner circle? >> that's something has always doubtful. and we almost certainly will see kim jong un above the square, overseeing the huge display, and if we don't see him, it will be the big story of the day's events, but the protocol. and the positioning of those around, it will be closely watched. and there are no indications of any surprise, but certainly, in
the last few days, suddenly, there has been a reappearance of a man, a senior official who was charged with it designing the shiny new terminal at the airport. and he had been reported to have been purged and in some quarters, executed and suddenly he reappeared. and north korea will be watching closely for the personalities. >> does north korea use the parade as a moment to show off and maybe show the world and maybe particularly here in the united states, it's weapons, it's capabilities, it's mid or long-range rocket capabilities? >> . >> it goes to what the people are seeing, there's precedent for new things at such parades, the ballistic miss ill, the first rogue mobile
intercontinental missile that north korea was known to have had. and it has not been flown or tested yet. but the people are watching to see if it makes an appearance, and also, will north korea decide to display the ballistic missile that it launched this year? we have seen u.s. officials saying that the -- confirming [ audio difficulties ] on a rocket and firing -- no such long-range rocket has been tested successfully so far, saying that the united states would be ready to defend against any such attacks, so obviously, all military analysts will be watching to see what's on display. >> just days after [ audio difficulties ]
arkansas became the first to do it. inmates are challenging a new law that allows the states to withhold information, for execution drugs. arkansas was about to start putting prisoners to death for the first time in a decade. actor, bill cosby, was forced to answer questions today about one of the sexual assault cases against him. he was accused of atmosphering a teenage girl in the 70s. and that is one of many.
allegations against him. but 31 years later. later, he ss accused of sexually assaulting dozens of women. jennifer london, aljazeera, los angeles. >> and still ahead, spreading hate through music. more on the tunes known as white power, and many say that the songs are inspiring violence. also ahead, a chance of dying young.
in bands. advertising itself as the soundtrack for white revolution. it was once the largest white power label in america. jeff is the commander of the white socialist movement. an outgrowth of the american nazi party of the 1950s. >> on the website, it says do not endorse any violence or terrorism. but at the same time, you sell music by michael page. even with that, you would say that you still don't condone
any type of violence? >> no, we don't. i stand by our statement for any terrorism. >> the victims? >> obviously the loss of life is a bad thing, and a tragedy. we'll leave it at that. i'm not attending any funerals. >> the department of had homeland security considers the white power move. a bigger domestic threat than extremists. aljazeera, chicago. >> and you can see more of christoph's report tonight at 10 p.m., 7:00 pacific. and for a look at what's coming up at the top of the hour, john seigenthaler. >> it will soon be legal in texas to carry concealed handguns on college campuses. tonight, how the colleges are preparing, and the heavy opposition to that plan, and the fear that some people have. a new body cam video is showing a fatal encounter
between the police and a suicidal man. the danger that the officers have every day. and the iconic air boats in the florida everglades, soon to be band. >> it's not fair, it has been here forever. and the gladesmen have always used it, and taken care of it. custodians of it. >> the ban is designed to protect wildlife. but it will destroy many people's way of life. you may remember him as buster point detectionis poindee new york dolls. >> you have an audience, and you want to make them feel great. >> we'll hear more from musician and performer, david johannson. all of that in 5 minutes. >> seth blatter is appealing his 90 day ban for soccer's
governing body. and a close associate says that blatter hopes to be back on the job within ten days. fifa has plans to hold an emergency meeting next month to discuss february's next presidential election. a stunning report about smoking in china. the deaths are set to triple to 3 million a year by 2050. but more on that. >> men starts smoking mostly before they're 20, and the dangers of tobacco have long been known. it's in the starkest terms. by 2010, china was reporting 1 million deaths per year, and if trends continue, that trend will be 2 million a year by 2030. it's based on 1/4 of a million men, monitored in the 1990s,
and a larger group of hen and women is being studied now to determine the scale of the problem across china. as china has become more affluent, the smoking population has ballooned, helping to grow one of china's biggest industries. >> for china, the anti-smoking campaign is facing a big economic challenge. china has a huge population of smokers, and tobacco is one of the top ten industries. >> the problem is well-known, and to are the solutions. in hong kong, public health campaigns have had long work. >> lents can stop the tobacco industry to advertise and promote its products, and we can create smoke-free areas to create a more favorable environment to create a smoke-free lifestyle. >> one positive note, the falling smoking rates among