tv Weekend News Al Jazeera October 10, 2015 8:00pm-9:01pm EDT
>> it's beautiful. i'm richelle carey in new york. the news continues now with randall pinkston. >> this is al jazeera america, i'm randall pinkston in new york with a look at the top stories. a peace rally turns deadly in turkey, about 100 killed when two bombs explode outside a train station plus a colourful display of military might highlights the 70th anniversary of north korea's military foundation with a message of defines to the u.s. another anniversary. this one lasting 20 years since the million man march to the lincoln memorial. and a history book describes african workers as workers instead of slaves. a whitewashing of history. we take a look at the politics of school textbooks
this is jazz, good evening. we begin with tensions in turkey, following the deadly suicide bombings in the capital in ankara, at a peace rally staged by opposition and pro-kurdish groups. at least 95 were killed, 246 wounded outside a train station. this is the third attack against meetings of kurdish activists in four months. turkish government officials call it a terror attack. and president obama expressed his condolences to turkey's president. mohammed jamjoom has more from ankara. >> reporter: chants for peace. they were the victim of a
horrific attack. one of the worst in turkey's history, dozens killed. hundreds wounded. >> translation: there was a commotion, i was walking, an explosion went off. we lay on the ground. a second explosion went off. there were two. the one that went off here was strong. >> reporter: this is the third attack targetting pro-kurdish activists since june. in july dozens were killed when a suicide bomber struck on the border with syria. since then the security situation deteriorated sharply. with the peace process between the government and the p.k.k. having all but collapsed. prime minister called for three days of mourning while discussing initial findings. these deadly blasts outside
anka ankara's train station underscores the situation. there are still investigators, forensic investigators on the scene, searching for evidence. in fact, all around the train station you can see the remnants of the tragic blast. here are peace signs next to blood stains on the road. >> i am sure i never forget. actually, it was - it was like hell. 1 november. there was a big election in turkey. >> for now though, even amid the heightened security and the empty streets, it's the shock that is most evident of all a media blackout surrounding the events, the brooklyn college professor, a writer on turkish
affairs says it will heighten suspicions about the government. >> with a media ban on talking about the attack. this encourages people to think about other possible options of states. if the state was involved in this. meaning if you have yesterday, for example, today is among the editor arrested live on tv for insulting the president. in the context of this, six or seven challenges taking off cable programs that are in olympics, then we see that -- opposition, we see the picture. >> members of the kurdish groups, the labour movement and two opposition parties were killed and injured in today's blast. >> secretary of state john kerry called israeli prime minister binyamin netanyahu and palestinian president mahmoud abbas to express concern over the escalating violence in the region. four palestinians have been killed and five israelis injured
in another day of attacks across israel and the occupied territories. two teenagers among the dead, killed in clashes with forces in gaza. the israeli military arrested five palestinians who breached the border with gaza. mike hanna has the latest from west jerusalem. >> yet again the protesters gathered near the city of ramallah in the west bank. and yet again they were dispersed by israeli forces firing tear gas and rubber-coated bullets. the demonstrations under fire and advanced again. in the village of hebron, a strong delay of palestinian unity in the face of ongoing occupation, flags of all political factions waved. during the funeral of 17-year-old who was shot dead
after stabbing a soldiers in israel this week. at least two more in the series of knife attacks, both at the same sight in occupied east jerusalem near the damascus gate. in each case the attackers were shot on the scene. an israeli police maug was critically -- policeman was critically wounded by the gun fire of fellow officers. for the second day in a row they opened fire on protesters, a number of fatalities were reported. among them a 15-year-old and 13-year-old. the israeli prime minister will hold a meeting of the full knit on sunday. the first since 20 september. the first of binyamin netanyahu's visit to the united states, and an intervening jew irfe holiday. there'll be much to discuss in terms of the crisis of recent weeks. of particular concern for the
government, a rising wave of anger among the palestinian citizens who comprise a fifth of the country's population. this video of a palestinian israeli woman holding a knife. a spur to the passions of fellow israeli citizens. and demonstrations confirmation that binyamin netanyahu is facing deep opposition across the country, as well as is the occupied territory without more than 600 pro-testers clashed in the streets of richie benaud, australia, over a proposal to build a mosque in that city. [ chanting ] >> reporter: the opponents to the mosque were confronted by demonstrators, a public debate has been brewing around the country for more than a week following the killing of a
muslim teenager who shot and killed a police officer. >> faith is and must be a positive force in the community. it should serve to promote cohesion, respect and compassion for one another. extremism destroys the virtuous of faith and religion in our community. muslims, individual muslims who preach hatred of other muslims, of christians, jews or others, threaten to undermine our social harmony, prosperity and security. >> australian prime minister malcolm turnbull is planning to hold a special meeting next week, aimed at countering the wave of extremism. >> celebrations continue in north korea, as that country honours 70 years of its ruling party. an estimated 100,000 lined the streets of the capital, and north korea's leader had strong words for the united states. al jazeera's harry fawcett reports from seoul, south korea. >> kim jong un reportedly ordered a big military parade
north korea had seep. what he wants he gets. even down to the weather, the start of the event delayed from a grey morning to a blue sky afternoon. much of kim's speech was devoted to praising the people and the party. achievements secured together. no mention of nuclear weapons, and a message of defines from the united states. >> they can declare without the power, we are ready to respond any way imperialists want to wait. >> reporter: to emphasise the words, a traditional display of goose stepping by members of north korea's strong arm forces. from abroad. military analysts, from anything non-traditional, spotting the news through the artillery launches, and an intercontinental missile.
that analysts debuted in another parade. other keenly emerged elements, as far as watchers were concerned is what it would say about the relationship between pyongyang and china. a few years ago, they were very much publicly sidelined. in pyongyang on saturday. the story was different. >> china spent a sixth most senior official, bearing a warm alert from xi jinping to kim jong un. >> he shared the lime light in a public message that a cooled alliance could be defrosting. an explanation, north korea's decision do go along with chinese wishes to not mark it with a long-range rocket launch. >> translation: they'd rather observe the situation and keep a launch as a backup card in case relations with the u.s. and south don't work out well, and people's livelihoods are
difficult. they can use it to divert dissatisfaction. >> there was nothing like dissatisfaction on show in the square on saturday, rehearsals culminating in a display of emotion and devotion. sending audiences at home and abroad the associate director for the asia-pacific research center at stamford university - thank you for joining us. let's start with the parade. what did you see in it. this ritual choreography of masses of people expressing their adoration of leader and the rolling out of hardware across the square is not knew. >> we have seen it before. i didn't - from a point of view of military technology, i don't thing we saw anything new out there. >> i think that part of it was
not that significant to me. the more important part in this. and the report zeroed in well. was the presence of the fifth most senior member of the communist party, and the standing committee, on the day up at the top. standing next to kim jong un. you have to remember that this is north korea's only ally. this is a source of 80-90%. trade, investment, food, energy, everything that fellows in to north korea. for the north koreans, this is the only relationship that matters at this point. it's a cool relationship since kim jong un came to power some three years ago. he's never left the country, he has not gone to china, which is unusual for a north korean leader. as was pointed out when they had the big chinese parade at the
end of the second world war, the north koreans not only were weighed down on the day as in diize in beijing, but standing next to the chinese leader, was the president of south korea. and the south koreans were delighted to be able to visibly drive the wedge between beijing and pyongyang. >> do you think that the presence of the fifth most powerful leader in china today is an indication of china trying to repair what may have been - appeared to have been a breach between china and north korea? >> no question of that. that was the case. but what we don't know is what is the price paid. i mean, on one level, the chinese were not going to show up if the north koreans would do something provocative to improving them. we saw the north koreans preparing for the launch of a satellite, a long-range missile with a satellite on it. there were plenty of signals
that they were going to do that. they do it on the anniversary like this. they didn't do it. they do it later. that's a price they have to pay. >> sorry to interrupt you. i have to get to something here. an issue that is mystifying - we know, and you and other experts reported for the years that north korea has an isolated economy, that the economy is absent. that people are near starving, that leaders are described as unstable. how have they managed to retain power these 70 years. >> i wouldn't endorse all of that description of north korea. the food situation improved in the last couple of years, the weather problems. but partly the north koreans are willing to implement a market reform, open up the economy a little bit, let formers grow their own food and market it. there's improvement in the farm situation. there's small shifts towards market reforms, but the big answer is that the chinese kept
them alive to a large extent. the north korean regime is able to supply key goods, rewards to the elite that is in pyongyang. we see traffic in the streets, a steady supply of electricity, consumer goods. it's partly what the chinese are helping them to supply, to keep the loyalty of their own elite. that doesn't say that the regime solved underlying problems of a collapsed system. and a hollowing out of support for the regime. we don't know what is the status of that. it's a largely closed society. >> thank you can yes, associate -- dan yes, associate prove score. thank you for joining us. >> u.s. military held a conference with counterparts to discuss air safety over syria. both are carrying out air
strikes in support of opposite sides. pentagon spokesman peter cook reported process saying: russia remained one of bashar al-assad's staunchest supporters. al jazeera's patricia sabga looks at that relationship. >> reporter: russian missiles launched from the caspian sea, bound for targeted in syria. the newest dimension in moscow's operation, a campaign bolstering the regime, and reinforces moscow's only foothold in the middle east. it's the kremlin's latest move in a broader came of geopolitical chess. >> from the russian point of view, they don't care about syria. on balance, if they thought it was a good enough deal, they'd be happy to jet son him.
>> reporter: mark heads the initiative for the study of emergency threats. >> at the moment it's about the relationship with the west, and at the moment. >> efforts to broker a peace deal in ukraine ground to a standstill. sanctions over the annexation of crimea and support of pro-russian separatists pummelled russia said economy, at a time when crisis for export of oil has more than halved. the double blow drew the ruble down. a drop making it harder for the russian firm to pay debts owed in dollars, and squeeze ordinary russians struggling to cope with high water inflation. a poll suggests 24% of russians listed improved quality of life
as vladimir putin's main achievement. down from 43% in 2009. but a face-saving excerpt from sanctions has proved elusive from sanctions proved elusive for the kremlin. >> generally speaking, i was there for much of the summer. the west feels they are not given off-ramps. they want them to surrender. the double down in syria is not without risk. including mission creep. with the u.s. refusing to cooperate militarily, a roll back on sanctions could be many chess moves away thousands of african-americans and others join the reverent for the 20th anniversary of the million man march in washington d.c. they are calling for changes and policing. al jazeera's courtenay keeley has had more. all of those that cried for justice, no cry is greater than
those who have suffered the most. >> reporter: national islam leader praised the protesters behind black lives matter at the justice rally in washington d.c. >> these are not just young people who happen to wake up one morning. ferguson ignited it all. >> crowds gathered at the u.s. capital, spreading down the washington mall to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the minute man march. >> all the brothers and sisters that laid in the streets, all the brothers and sisters that challenged the tanks, we are honoured that you have come to the represent our struggle. >> reporter: he spearheaded the
first minute man march told listeners were told that participating without affecting change in the black community is vanity. >> i live in a society where i think it's important for him to know, and to be part of the movement. so when he grows up he can look back and say he was part of a powerful moment. >> in 1995. women, whites and other ethnic minorities were not invited to the march, but organizers welcomed everyone. the original march of man in october 16th, 1995, during a crowd of 400,000 washington d.c. according to the national park service. they pledged to improve their lives and their communities. president obama attended 20 years ago, but was in california this time. two decades later black americans have problems with unemployment. in 1995, the unemployment rate for african-american men was 8.1% according to the bureau of labour statistics. last month it was 8.9%. issues remain. with law enforcement.
families of michael brown, trayvon martin and sandra bland ask the marchers to not be silent about their deaths. >> we want justice. attention has been focused on the unarmed black men. after martin was shot and killed in florida, and sandra bland reportedly hanged herself after being arrested at a traffic stop. her family disputes the authority's findings. a history book in texas calling african labour workers instead of slaves, sparking concern about who is writing and reviewing the material. next, we take a look at what some call the whitewashing of history. later, a call for anti-muslim protests at mosques around the world. what they got was just as many muslim supporters.
across the country. this fall texas students got new social studies and history books approved in 2010. critics say the textbooks white wash history. adding to the controversy a lot of books could end up in classrooms nationwide. we have more. >> flip through a texas school book, this is what you might find. a caption referring to african slaves as workers. >> it had african-americans, the atlantic slave trade as workers, as if we came willingly to do the jobs. >> reporter: that's not the only controversial line. there's a picture of moses as an influence on american's founding. >> can you make an argument na religious influences led to our founding principles. you can't be selective on what
we choose, teach or eliminate. >> many parents and teachers are concerned. these books often end up in schools across the country. >> 15 minutes or so to complete. >> educators say that's because the cost of boxing a book can run in the millions. >> there's three states that define what goes in textbooks. it's a business. publishers tend to cater for the specific states. >> texas is the second largest buyer of school text books, 4 hoy 8 million, california is number one. however, california demands that its textbooks have a california narrative that would not work elsewhere. that is why texas is more jenneric but controversial textbooks are marketed in other states. >> that means it's a small group of people, 15 members of the texas education that approve what goes in the books. when the latest books were
reviewed. it included 10 republicans and five democrats. >> religious conservatives were a dominant force. we want to make sure what was doubt is taught in our class. that is what happened when we see better books. >> i don't believe that students go to school with a donkey or an elephant pin on the lap else, or that education should be part of it. we have a part stan state board of education making the decisions. instead of keeping it up to teachers and scholars. >> recently, mcgrarth issued an apology saying we conducted a close review of the content and agreed that our lang ridge did not adequately convey ferns were forced into migration and labour against their will has slaves. mcgrath hill updated the electronic version and plans to update the printed books, it's a fix for the texas mistake.
many teachers hope advances in technology will continue to cut down costs of the books, and the purchasing power of texas. now, we take a deeper look at the topic with two guests. professor keith eriksson is professor for teaching and learning at the university of texas, and joining us in new york, vice president for external affairs at the thomas b fordham institute. he is a senior advisor to the schools. first question to you, professor, before we talk about the texas controversy. can you give me the analysis of the historic role history books, in particular social study in general, in creating a common story, to create national unity. >> i would say that that role is waning, if anything, the day where we went to school and saw one or two different textbooks,
regardless of where we were in the country are long behind us. i don't think they'll come back soon. there has been any number of pushes or movements that push us away from using textbooks, the internet notably, there's a movement for what is called open educational resources. a sense among teachers that we should customize carrick u la. the idea of a monolithic textbook is ideal. >> it doesn't bring us closer together, does it. >> no, i agree. you are talking my language, for literacy sake we need a common language narrative, it depends on shared knowledge and vocabulary. it's a cultural construct. >> let's go to the face of controversy and back to utah with professor eriksson.
we have a textbook describing african slaves as workers, suggesting that the they immigrated to the shores voluntarily, and the truth is the vast majority were chained in the bows of ships. >> why would any author of a history textbook write that slaves were immigrant workers, or why would a committee be allowed to stand. >> that is a great question. it gets to the heart of the issue. that is that textbooks are part of a business now. they are produced by teams, by hundreds of people. but they are created to line up with a blueprint with standards. those standards were passed four years ago in texas. and right now the task isn't how do we write a book, how do we be correct, it's how do we write things that line up with the standards, and those standards contain this kind of spin on history.
>> what i'm really asking, is whether in your opinion someone decided that slaves shouldn't be called slaves. that history should be whitewashed. it's a conscious decision and admiration. it's a conscious decision. and it's a politicized decision. the members of the board of members in texas are elected officials, they go home to the district. they run for re-election. there are two stories on the politics in texas, one in 10 were republican. the votes were taken by simple majority, but within that republican party, that's where the real cover of the story - there's a struggle between conservative republicans, what they call themselves true christian conservatives and the moderates going on nationally around the speaker of the house. it was the christian
conservatives who gained the seven member - seven of those republicans, so their vote was able to sway, and they went out and were elected on a platform saying that we will do this to the textbooks, we'll tell the story this way. they did it across the curriculum in english, health, social studies, but it was a conscious political movement. >> back to you, you referenced the fact that schools are moving away from textbooks, but the truth of the matter is that most schools use textbooks. >> sure. i don't diminish the silliness of the or made. >> how much influence does texas wield in the american public business. >> that's an important point. back in the day much was made of te. book adoptions in texas and california. they were the two biggest adoption states. because we printed the textbooks, what texas and california wanted, the rest of
the country got. texas did not adopt common core standards. they isolated themselves. i suspect that alone will make texas less influential in the future, when it comes to the materials produced for texas, they may not be to the standards that states use. >> so tell me to what extent do you know anecdotally that state school systems are moving from textbooks and going to original sources, to the web. >> i teach history and use original source documents, authentic documents, i use no textbook. in new york state they invested many millions in a system called engage mo engage new york, an open education influence. in other states, 20 million lessons have been downloaded, more than half from out of new york state.
that is a glimpse of the diminishing influence of a place like texas, and the power of open educational resources. >> let's go after you, professor eriksson, you have ideas about solutions as we move forward, trying to make sure that history is correct when we are teaching it to our students. >> yes. well, one of the important things to remember about the educational system today is that going back to no child left behind, we have been under a regime that is driven by standards. textbooks are the most visible part of that, but lesson plans are designed to align with standards. teacher certification is aligned to conform with the standards, and so we have a system where the blueprint is ceated, and the system -- created and the system unfolds. what is interesting in the debate is we have a bipartisan agreement that standards and accountability movement is the way to go. the obama administration has not
proposed any kind of change. and so one of the first ways that we can make a difference is to really look at the architecture of the system. and to roll back the sense of everything conforming to standards from the books, teacher certification to the tests. >> if you do that, you go back to the original point. if you go back to the core standards. they move away from the public schools. this is complicated. common core, at least on the literacy side is agnostic. you can look at the standards yourself, going from k to 12. there's no history content whatsoever. at least on the literacy side. and there's no history common core standards. what you are looking at is a blueprint guideline for literacy. the only mention is original founding documents like the declaration of independence or
constitution and a work of shakespeare. the idea that there's a history imbedded in the content standards, that all states will adopt. that is not so. >> very complicated and important. >> it makes it a local control issue and you get issues like this in texas. >> robert, vice president for external affairs. thank you for joining us, and out in utah, professor keith eriksson, director of the center of the history, teaching and learning at the university of texas. and editor of politics and the history curriculum, the struggle over standards in the nation. thank you for joining us. on this week's edition of "third rail", ali velshi looks at protecting the freedom of speech with fleming rose. his newspaper wants to publish controversial cartoons of the prophet muhammad. here is a preview of tomorrow's episode. >> the fact of the matter is
that limitations on speech were in the law. usually used to shut down minorities. gay people, blacks, women, and all social working class people. social movements throughout history has, in fact, been the victim of limitations on speech. >> i know today that people are thinking that the best way to protect minorities against hateful speech is through bans. >> you can watch the episode of "third rail" tomorrow at 6:30 eastern, 3:30 pacific. coming up, a new law in texas is raising eyebrows. college students will soon be allowed to bring concealed guns on campus. >> plus push back on the call for anti-muslim sentiments at mosques around the world.
>> no syrian refugees. >> reporter: they call themselves the global rally for humanity, an innocuous sounding term for a hate group that posts anti-muslim hate on their facebook page. a group in michigan, a city with 40% african-americans, followed the call. organizers say they are associated with oath keepers, a national militia group that gained prominence during the protest. volunteer members, armed with semiautomatic rifles that patrolled the streets. they wanted to protest. the largest mosque in the united states, they couldn't get permits in time. they settled for michigan avenue near the new city hall. on friday, dearborn mayor john o'reilly published an open level to the community, urging
citizens not to participate, writing:. >> in the end of community listened. despite a call to action, only about 12 anti-muslim protesters showed up. >> there may not be a lot of people here, but we are many. they came to protest syrian migrants and refugees. >> 97" of the people are muslims. 3% are christians. >> reporter: will you let the 3% in? >> absolutely, they are being persecuted. their heads are being cut off.
>> reporter: protestors were outnumbered by pro-muslim demonstrators. things could have been worse. in may, anti-muslim protesters surrounded a mosque in phoenix, spewing hate and intimidating worhsippers. afterwards, christian and jewish religious leaders gathered to promote religious tolerance and understanding. a message that officials welcome as well. after the anti-islam rally, the police chief was proud that local protesters stayed away. he said most of the demonstrators that turned out were from out of town. >> furges for the three -- furges for the three youngest victims of the oregon college shooting. they are being laid to rest. all of them were 18 years old. they were among fine killed on october 1st, when a gunman stormed the english class at the
community college. nine others were wounded in the attack. >> school shootings are getting added attention in texas. college students there can soon bring guns to class. a state legislator passed a law allowing concealed weapons on campuses next year. >> gun advocates believe if more n armed one can return fire. the new law prompted this professor to resign. >> my concern is i get students in my office unhappy about a grade on a midterm on some assignment. a lot of them get quite agitated. i worry if guns are in their pocket, legally or illegally, and they can bring them into buildings, as the new gun culture will allow. they may be upset enough and pull a gun on me. i'm unhappy to leave. the students at the school are
terrific. the policies are, i think, ridiculous. this does not help the university of texas, this policy. >> i have an email from a mother in connecticut that was thinking of let egg her daughter come here, when she read the policy, she said "no, it's not safe", they'll lose students and faculty, the kind that will improve the nugs. it's unfortunate the law will only apply to people over 21. most students will not be able to carry guns. army officers recommending no gaol time for a sergeant captured by the taliban after deserting his bows. sergeant bowe bergdahl suggest that he face a lower level court martial and be spared gaol time. military prosecutors charged bergdahl with desertion. if convicted of the charges, he could face life in prison
the state of maine develops on alternative to sending young offenders to prison. coming up, a unique partnership between law enforcement and community, keeping kids from school and out of gaol. >> it has been a day of heavy rain across carl your, it's not what we needed. a break is coming. i'll tell you when it is happening, as well as what is happening with the major stages on the rivers. aum that when i return.
tough one.ur foundat i don't want to go to the floor and win with 220 votes. i think the best thing for our party right now is that you have 247 votes on the floor. a slow-moving low pressure system bringing more rain to flood-ravaged south carolina is heading north. rain totals are expected to be from 1-2 inches. 3500 national guards men are helping out, with 500 due to arrive from north carolina. south carolina's governor said the number of fatalities is at 19. >> these challenges are also revealing about the true heart and soul of south carolina. in is south carolina showing what her heart and sole looks like through her people. i want to remind all of you that as we are going through this, and as the days have gotten
long, we will get through this the governor announced that the closure of interstate has been extended to 16 miles. the i-95 corridor. kevin corriveau here with a look at what next to expect in this very rough weather we've been happening. >> a few more hours of rain. things will get better, let's look at what is happening. there's two places that we are looking at weather. that is up here to the north-west, and we are looking at down to carolina, where that is the last place that we need weather. the rain stopped last month, and then, of course, began last night. als you can see here, closer in, the area of low pressure, it's moving here towards the east. we are picking up heavy rain showers, with some of those is rated cells that are moving
through parts of the carolinas, and in the last 24 hours, we have seen one to 3 inches of rain, and because it is raining across parts of the area, we could possibly go over that to 3.5 inches, maybe three and three-quarter inches. flash flood warnings are in effect. we have four countries. to the west -- four counties. to the west of columbia and to the south, we are talking about flood warnings, and that is really because of the rivers down there, that are now going through a major flood stage. it has taken all week for the heavy water to make its way down the rivers, and cresting as it makes its way down the rivers. we are talking about the sante and the editiontoe -- edistow river. after 24 hours, the rain will enlighten. the other big story is down here, the southern part of
california, we have heat advise wris -- advisories in effect. to the east, down to san diego. temperatures expected to be 105. that will not change soon. >> no forest fires there tomorrow, right. >> no, no forest fires. >> next, an alternative to filling the prisons with young offenders. the state of maine's unique partnership between law enforcement and the community
someone needs to invent a champagne bottle easy to break a pioneering project in maine offers young people an alternative to prison. it's a partnership with law enforcement. lisa fletcher has more. >> go ahead and get ready, guys. for the first time in his life, 18-year-old david is on target. just two years ago he, now a mentor to young people, was travelling a difficult path. >> i was arrested for possession. or underaged drinking almost cost him hits life. >> i went upstairs, i found my friend on the ground seizing, and foaming at the mouth. an ambulance rescued his friend,
and police arrested david. the court ordered him into a unique programme in main, diversion to assets, it's called a major turning point in how to deal with youth offenders. diversion to access is a partnership between law enforcement, department of corrections and the community, to give kids who have been involved in everything from drugs and alcohol to assault, an option to being locked up. >> since it began in 2008, nearly 400 kids have gone through the programme. ryan is a coordinator. d2 a is a design to protect kids from the court system. once the kids get into the system, they are likely to end up back in the system. >> reporter: now about 80% of juvenile offenders in main diverted into the programme. of them, the recidivism rate is 8%. 10 times lower than the kids in
the traditional system. the state is closing a youth detention facility because of a drop in inmate. so far about 40 kids through the programme, who'dersville. part of the success is sleuthing. figuring out how to tap into it. >> they gave him a chance to teach both. kids in the programme get a chance to keep the records clean. >> practice switching... >> there are rules, and if you mess up and reoffend. you are out of diversion to assets. and into the court system. >> for the kids who comply, and statistically, it's most of them, the rewards are great. >> give me the two versions of david. where do they end up with this
program? >> if i didn't ask for it now, i would have been in gaol. and me with this programme now, it's just uphill from here. and finally this hour, a lesson today that was truly moving for students in zimbabwe. performers from around the world arrived there to teach different kinds of dance. we have the story from harari, international festival of the arts. >> the brazilians are the most positive, probably because of their support. welcome to harari, showcasing people from all over the world invited to zimbabwe, to show how things are done differently. and many zimbabweans say they are worried about this. >> kind of good. we are snjing ourselves. >> i'm enjoying today.
>> they are peel from all over the world, and this particular group is from india, they are showing zimbabweans how they are doing things. >> further up the road. see the enormous puppets, they are from south africa. zimbabwe is excited by what they see. it's nice to see something positive. >> we need people to be happy. we need people, you know, to forget about the problems we face as a country. >> some people are getting a little. the riot police are trying to keep them back. people are excited. they say some of them are getting out of hand. they are trying to keep them back. on the whole they are happy about the carnival. a chance for zimbabwe to celebrate something good for a change. >> thank you for joining us, i'm randall pinkston in new york. i'll be back with an hour of
news, 11:00p.m. middle eastern. stay tuned. "america tonight" is next. [ ♪ ] everything you are looking at at some point were covered with water. a lot of people want to move away, they can't afford to sell their house, throw another well. >> how did we get to this point. >> assuming that water would never run out.