and in south korea, schools are changing the way they teach history. we begin in israel where a palestinian man has been shot dead in jerusalem's old city. he was shot in the head near lion's gate. let's go live to al jazeera's mike hannah in jerusalem. what's the latest? >> well, according to israeli police, the man approached a group of israeli border police at the lion's gate entrance to the old city. according to police, he took a knife out of his pocket and attempted to stab the police officers. he was gunned down and killed. none of the officers has been injured. this, once again, the latest in a wave of random, sporadic knifing attacks that have been happening in the occupied west
bank. overnight as well, there was an attack in northern israel. importantly, the attacker in this particular case was a palestinian israeli who injured four israelis. now, this significance because in coming days palestinian israelis holding a series of demonstrations throughout the north of israel himself also calling for a general strike in the course of tomorrow. >> 25 palestinians have been killed, fir four israelis have . there is no signs of easing. is there any effort to diffuse the situation? >> at the moment it appear what is the israelis are attempting to do is deal with the situation by ramping up, in their eyes, security. a number of police reservists have been called up. adding some 1,500 police
officers. in terms of coordination, cooperation discussion between the palestinian and israeli leadership, very little is happening, if anything at all. there have been some limited contacts at a security level between israeli army and the palestinian security forces. however, this not particularly, there has been no active cooperation on the ground in a bid to try and lesson the level of tension that's occurring throughout the occupied territory. >> thanks. now to turkey where more funerals are being held for the victims of saturday's bomb attack. 97 people were killed in that attack which targeted a peace rally. tell us more about the funerals that we have seen today and
mounting kurdish anger. > >> reporter: you have had funerals being held today. also, there are going to be funerals in istanbul. all of this happening at a time when tensions are rising especially in the south eastern part of the country between the kurdish minority which really feels aggrieved toward the government here. they say they don't feel that the government has done nearly enough to protect them. we saw that sentiment being reflected throughout the day yesterday. there were thousands of people gathered, they were chanting antigovernment slogans. they were demanding accountability from the government. and really, this is all coming at a time when everything is so fraught, especially ahead of the parliamentary elections that are to be held on november 1. that taken together with the security situation is a problem for the turkish government. turkey's government is ensnared
in several fights. you have violence from the syrian conflict, you have turkey going after isil targets and stepping up against the pkk. you had severe aerial bombardments of targets in iraq. then you had the pkk targeting turkish security forces. so all of this, a very worrying trend at a time the government here is calling for more unity. today we are expecting a parliamentary, pardon me, a cabinet meeting that's going to be taking place at the prime minister's office within a few hours. what's going to be discussed is a continuing investigation. the government is trying to show the people of turkey that they are doing their utmost to make sure the perpetrators are brought to justice. a lot of anger right now, especially in the capital, being
directed toward the government. >> thanks. vote counting is under way in guinea. >> this is only guinea's second democratic presidential election since independence 60 years ago. voter turnout was high. but if people waited to cast their ballots, they were mindful of the violence that marred the campaign. >> translator: less peace be assured in. we are all brothers. same brother and father. there is no racism. everybody should know this and everyone should come out to vote. that's all that i ask. >> reporter: it's estimated out of the 7 million people eligible to vote, 6 million cast a ballot. among them was the president who is expected to win a second term. >> i came to perform my civic
duty. i hope things do well because guinea needs peace, guinea needs unity. >> 72 european union observers monitored the vote. >> reporter: there are materials missing. but things will be able to be fixed. so overall, up until this moment, we are seeing an election living up to our expectations. >> reporter: one of the main opposition parties called the election a masquerade. >> this is the time to be vigilant, ensure the votes of the people are expected, there is security and the best candidate wins. >> reporter: nearly 20,000 police officers and security guards were deployed at people headed to the polls. and in the end, voting took place peacefully. but as election officials count the votes, people in guinea are
braced for more possible violence once the result is announced. >> thanks for being with us. what's at stake in this electi election? >> i think that the key stake in this election is democracy. this is guinea's second genuinely democratic and competitive election. it will be very interesting to see how the key players, the opposition, and the incumbent president deal with the results. in statements made in the last weeks, the opposition said they believe there was fraud in the election and they will dispute the results and potentially take to the street in organized protest to dispute the
re-election. therefore, it will be key to see how things come up. and see if the opposition accepts its potential defeat. >> would a first round victory be legitimate? >> so the election preparations have involved the international community european union, the united nations have been involved in organizing this. the opposition as well had its say in the vote preparations. therefore, to a large degree, i believe that election is overflowed. i believe that the results will be credible. however, the opposition is convinced that if he wins in the first round, it will be the sign
and indication that there has been wid widespread fraud. and that's why a victory represents the most violence. >> if that happens, you think there is a significant risk of violence? >> yes, that's correct. again, as i said, up to yesterday and saturday, the opposition had clearly said they would not recognize the results and that they believe that there is a certain degree of fraud in this election. and the opposition will resort to accepting the defeat quickly and there is a possibly as soon as the first round results are announced and if he's announced the winner in the first round, there is a possibility that
opposition leaders will take to the streets to dispute the reelection and this may lead to some violence. >> good to talk to you. thanks for being with us. still to come, a court in iran issue as verdict against a washington post journalist in an espionage case that his employer says is absurd. we visit a bolivian town to find out why its taps are still dry. the only way to get better is to challenge yourself,
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>> hello again, the top stories here, a palestinian man has been shot dead in jerusalem city. he tried to stab one of the officers and that they responded with gunfire. he's the 25th palestinian to be killed since the beginning of this month. more funerals are being held in turkey for the victims of a bomb attack that killed 97 people. either isil or kurdish rebels are behind the attack. it's intensified its crackdown on kurdish group. the country's first democratically elected president is tipped to win a second term. the syrian army is gaining new territory with the help of russian air strikes. these pictures are said to show a russian attack. syrian troops are taking control
of the area. the defense ministry released footage showing the aftermath of strikes. it says that it's destroyed 53 isil position in the last 24 hours. russia's president met with saudi arabia's defense minister to discuss the syrian conflict. during talks, he reassured him that moscow isn't planning to form any alliance with iran in syria. iran along with russia are the syrian government's strongest allies. it's only targeting isil position. and mr. putin reiterated his support for syrian's president assad. >> translator: we don't want to get involved in any religious conflicts in syria. we have only one goal. a peaceful solution. >> russia's plan for solving the
conflict is to support the assad government. that's against the aims of the u.s. >> what we have not been able to do so far, i'm the first one to acknowledge this, is to change the dynamic inside of syria and the goal here has been to find a way in which we can help moderate opposition on the ground, but we have never been under any illusion that militarily we ourselves can solve the problem inside of syria. >> russian gas company resumed supplies to ukraine after receiving an advance payment of $234 million. they stopped supplying gas to ukraine in july after a price dispute. according to the deal, ukraine state energy company will have to pay a total of $500 million. let's go live out of moscow. give us the background to this.
>> reporter: well, basically, this has been the result of weeks of intense negotiations and wrangling, trilateral talks between russia, ukraine and european union. we have a situation where gas is flowing again. it has, as you said, stopped flowing in july after russia shot down the pipes saying they stopped paying for it. now ukraine will get its gas supply for winter. that will make life more comfortable than it would have been otherwise. ukraine is paying about $230 per a cubic meter of gas. it's less than it was paying at the beginning of 2015 before the taps were shut off and it's also a little less than russia
charges most of its other european long-term customers. you can't say this has worked out okay for ukraine, but ukraine still is a very poor country. it does not have the money to pay for this. so most of the money, if not all of the money that it is spending on this gas giving to the russian state coffers is coming from international financial institutions in the form of a bailout. >> does it have any implication for the war in the east of the ukraine? >> i mean, russia is notorious for using gas as a political lever, for exerting pressure on its neighbors, on its customers. and you can have a look at what's going on in ukraine at the moment which is essentially what looks like a sort of tapping down of the conflict. there is a notable reduction of
violence in recent weeks. and lots of people were predicting this. lots of people were saying that as russia increased its commitment in syria, the war in ukraine would become less vicious and less severe. so you can have a look at what's going on between the two countries in terms of gas as possibly a feature of that landscape. but you could also have a look at it from a business head as well. russia is a gas exporting country. ukraine is a gas importing country. russia has to export, ukraine has to import. so this deal was always going to be done at one point or another. >> thanks. a court in iran reached a verdict in the case of the jailed u.s. reporter. it's unclear what it is or whether he's been sentenced. he's been held for more than 400 days on accusations of spying.
the paper's editor called the announcement vague and puzzling. it disputed the allegation that he was a spy. >> increasingly clear that the final decision about how jason's case will be handled made by political authorities, not by judicial ones. we have already heard from the president that iran is willing to move his case towards conclusion if the united states does something in return. the court process that's been going on for months and months and months in some ways is just the first act. the final decision needs to be made by iran's highest authorities. >> more on the details of the case and the campaign to free him. >> for months his name flashed outside the headquarters of the washington post reminding passersby that for more than 400 days one of their own has been
held in captivity. his time in prison has been difficult. >> jason has been isolated for much of the time that he's been in custody. he spent a lot of months in solitary confinement. he's had very little contact with the outside world. >> he was arrested along with his journalist wife and two photo journalists in july 2014. all were released except for him. he was tried in secret inside this court. his family always maintained he is innocent. >> since he was a little boy, my son loved iran. it's so infectious, he made a career of sharing its beauty with others. >> he was born in california and holds dual citizenship. he joined the washington post in 2012. they worked for months for his release, even appealing to a
united nations panel for help. the president of the united states spoke about his imprisonment. >> he's been in prison for nothing more than writing about the hopes and fears of iran's people. >> the white house has maintained issues are separate, the agreement was signed without their release. his time behind bars has been troubling for the washington post foreign editor. he says the increasing trend of locking up journalists is alarming. >> we are used to the threat from armies and wars. but it's the governments seem to be arresting and holding journalists for the crime of nothing more than acting as journalists. >> and paying a price for attempting to tell the stories governments don't want to be told. >> the head of the united nations refugee agency inspected
shelters for refugees arriving on a greek island. the european union agreed to relocate more than 60,000 refugees in greece and italy to other european nations. they urged unity in resolving the crisis. >> this is a european problem that requires a european solution. and it's necessary that the whole of european union assumes its responsibilities and it's necessary that this gigantic effort they are making, the impact on the economy, the society, is matched by an effective european response. >> australian officials are in jordan to discuss the government's resettlement of more than 12,000 syrian refugee. the australian government denied that refugees of a certain
religious background would be given preference. history classes in south korea will be taught using a state book. critics say the government wants to portray the president's father, the 1960s and '70s dictator, in a better light. >> reporter: the current system which has been in place since 2010 has eight government approved textbooks which can be chosen individually by schools across the country. the problem for the conservative ruling party is that they feel the majority of those textbooks are produced by liberal, left leaning academics. this new single textbook is called the correct history textbook. the problem, of course, is that history is a subjective topic. the ruling party says things
like the early history have been taught in a left-leaning way. they want to make sure that the children are taught the proper national history as they see it of south korea. the critics say it's no coincidence it's being pushed from the presidential office. she is the due testimony o dauge 1960s and search teas '70s dict. so what we have is a very divided still political situation over this hot button issue. there's been a majority of the newspaper editorials that have been against the move, perhaps the current system needs to be reformed rather than removed. the opposition party is saying that it will rest on this and it's calling for a parliamentary probe to make sure there is a social consensus before any such
change condition made. >> let's get a view from an adjunct professor. he said south korea is reverting to its old ways. >> it's going back to the old system. up until seven years they had a history book. for the past seven years we have triad new kind of system where different publishers could use textbooks that could be chosen by each school to be used. so we are going back in the past. the expression of anger will continue on. because the voice is very strong. very strong about government dictating one kind of, one version of history and calling it a right history. the name of this new textbook will be "the right history" textbook. people are saying this government dictated right kind
of history will be a one-sided one. >> in belarus hundreds of people marched in the capital after the president won a fifth term in office. he swept the victory with 83% of the votes after the opposition boycotted sunday's poll. he ruled for the past 21 years. bolivia's president has called for a conference on climate change ahead of a u.n. summit in paris in december. in the city, people feel their voices won't be heard. some still don't have access to running water despite a victory 15 years ago. >> reporter: sophia rodriquez wants clean running water so she doesn't have to climb to this tank every morning or pay $6 she can't afford. she pays far more than the wealthy residents who are
connected to a working system. she told me she wakes every morning unsure whether her limited supply of watt every will cover her family's needs. carlos is unable to raise the funds to fix this system. >> translator: the water will never reach us. they say they will have one by 2018 if they start work now, but there aren't any funds. >> reporter: the people won what became known as the water war. thousands rebelled when the water system was bought by a foreign company and prices rocketed. water is the issue here. who owns it, who protects and who distributes it. it's an ideal venue for an national conference that looks
at the mistakes made and lessons learned, lessons that the rest of the world are having to face. 15 years after the water war half the population still doesn't have access to running water and relies on these trucks for expensive water deliveries. >> translator: yes, we want control of the water which belongs to everyone and should be managed by everyone. but the quality is poor. is the management and access. some neighborhoods have little or no access. >> reporter: wells are running dry while the authorities fight a futile battle to clean up polluted lakes and rivers. >> translator: the water war was a historic achievement. but real progress since 2000 until the present day has been limited. >> reporter: it was said that the water war was a victory for people over international cooperations. but until the whole population
has access to the clean running water that most of us take for granted, their fight will continue. >> there's much more real news about real issues, people just like you and me at our website, www.aljazeera.com. >> baltimore's sandtown neighborhood. the heart of west baltimore, and one of the city's poorest areas. this is where freddie gray grew up -- known to friends as pepper. >> why was his nickname pepper? >> i never heard of pepper being bad for nobody, salt is bad for you, salt will kill you. i never heard nobody dying from pepper, everybody loves pepper.